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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 7, 1918)
M AIL EDITION
VOL. XLVII NO. 201.
OMAHA, THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 7, 1918TWELVE JAGES
On TntlM. at Hotili.
Ntwi SUndt, Etc, M
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
EXCHANGE FOR RAW
MATERIALS FROM U. S.
Tardieu, High Commissioner to America, Declares Ally
Can Manufacture by July 1st Enough Artillery to Sup- .
ply 500,000 Troops; Warm, Praise for Our
."-" War Administration.
(By Associated Press.) " ,
New YorK,'Feb. 6. Announcement that France will be
able before July 1 to manufacture enough artillery to supply
20 American divisions, or approximately 500,000 troops, if the
United States meanwhile adheres to an understanding by which
France would receive the necessary raw materials from Amer
ica, was made; here" tonight by Andre Tardieu, French high
commissioner to this country.
TROOPS IN FRANCE. O : '
Mr. Tardieu made the state
ment - also that there are in
France today more American troops
than comprised the American army
at the time the United States entered
the war; t that time, he said, the
American army contained about 212,
000 officers and men.
The French official spoke at a din
ner which was" part of New York's
celebration of the Jour De L' Alliance
t Francaise, which was observed
throughout the United , Mates ana
Canada today, the anniversary of the
treaty between France and the Amer
ican colonies in 1778. jiues j. jus
serand, the French ambassador, also
was a truest of honor. -
Asserting, that "secrecy ought to
be a thing of the past, because our
democracies want to know in order
to will," Mr.VTardieu-said that "just
appreciation of the results acmevea
by America in its war preparations
"is a stimulant for effort and nobody
has the right to refuse to the Amer
Tcan people this stimulant." The com
missioner reviewed- the nation s ac-
niuhtncnta and outlined what
France had done in the way of man
ufacturing ordnance, ' both for tne
United States and for France's other
Enormous Munitions Output,
"VV. hv in the line." ' he said,
"about 15,000 guns of every caliber.
and every cay more than ouu.wu
shells are turned out by cw iaewie"--fw-oHEn:sHon-jtnertt -ar -nrst7 aaa
To get fli'dse ''guffs, teTprodttet tbOse j bee awf 5l"-te "Salct ba't", the corudi-
did not' exist before .the: war and
which has enabled us nat;only,to arm
r)Aiii wr rrrair.u u niuuaLi t nmv
ourselves but also to arm our aui.
W;tknnr sneakine of what we
manufacture for vou and that is sev'
ral hundred guns a month, we have
during the past three years i given, to
. -our allies in Europe ,1,350,000 rifles,
15,000 automatic rifles, 10,000 machine
aims. 800.000.000 cartridges, 2,500
rna- inA i 7X aprnnlanes. ...
"The adoption without any modifi-
jation of our various types oi guns
would certainly have saved some time
to the benefit of American production
ind some-delays may be the conse
quence of the improvements you "are
looking for, always, ind rightly at
, that, aiming, at better results..
ft Need Raw Materials.
"But as we have agreed, it is under
stood that you should supply and
transport to France the necessary
raw materials and we will under such
conditions be able, in France, to de
liver to you before July 1, emwign
guns to thoroughly equip 20 of your
divisions.' The situation therefore is
completely safe in that respect.
Mr. Tardieu described Americas
military effort as "wonderful and
splendid" and asserted it had been a
surprise to. the enemy." "I have- co
nneratd for nearly 10 months, hour
your allies, worthy of yourselves.
Alluding to' the raising of the na
tional army, .Mr. Tardieu declared
' (Continued on Tata Tour, Coining Six.)
The Weather ,
For Nebraska Fair; mild tempera
ture for several days.
fcy hour, with every part of your war
Organization," he said., ."What you
nvt done is magnificent, worthy of
b a. m. 38
a. m 35
7 a. m .3
S a. tn ....35
9 a.-m.. 37
10 a...m.... 38
' 11 a. m 39
13 Til 42
1 p. m .......... 43
V 2 p. zu... .4t
3 p. m 48
'4 p. m...S 47
5 p. m ....48
6 p. m 46
7 p. m ...45
8 p. m 44
Comparative Loral Rroord.
11S 1917 1916 1915
48' . 37 17 30
S4t 23 .48
41 31 10 . 10
00 .00 .02 .00
Highest , ystrday...
Lowest yesterday . w .
J cmperatun and precipitation departures
irom tne normal:
Normal temperature.. y,. 12
Exces for the day , 1
Total deficiency since March 1 755
Normal precipitation m, .04 Inch
Deficiency for tha day....."..;.. ' .04 inch
Total rainfall aince March 1... 22.49 Inches
Deficiency Mnes March, 1.. 7.SHnches
Deficiency for oor. period, 1916.13.S8 inches
Deficiency for cor. period, 1915. .61 Inch
Reports From Stations at 1 F. jkf.
Station and State Temp. High- Rnln
f Weather. 7 p.m. . est. fall,
."heyenne, cloudy ......44 El .00
Davenport, clear ,.34 ' 40 .00
Denver, oloudy 66 r,l ' ,00
lcs Moines, clear 40 .on
. Louis, eleaf .. 4S ; o
Lander, clear.' 44 , , J.n 7(0
North Platte, cloudy. ...43 M' ' '',00
Umaha. clear '..45 4S .00
,'ucblo. cloady 63 C2 .00
tUpid City,, cloody 46 .,,50 , .00
t-'alt Lake, cloudy .f U .T
Santa Pe, clear 43 62 .00
Sheridan, cloudy '..34 . , 42. . . .00
(Mcaeo. clear ...36 44 .ID
-Vatentir. ptrt cloudy'.. 42 - 43 -.00
' Indies f s trae of roripilation.
Secretary Daniels of Navy De
partment Optimistic Over Re
mits oj Allied Campaign
' Against Subsea (Menace.
Washington, Feb. 6. Secretary
Daniels said today the United States
and the allies were winning the fight
against Germany's submarines.
"We are havinir our una and
downs," he said, "but the'fight is be
ing won." -
Allies perfect Campaign.
The results -of the anti-submarine
campaign - might be described as
pendulum-like, Mr. Daniels said with
the return swing becoming shorter
and shorter as the allies gradually
perfected their operations.
The secretary expressed optimism
regarding the conditions at the ports
or oeparwtioji in trance:
tions have been wonderfully improved
and continued improvement is to be
expected. . , . ,
Young Holdrege Soidier.
On Late Casualty List
Washington, Feb. 6. General
Pershing, today reported that Private
Rufus S. Atkins, infarltrv. of Winston-
Salem, N. C, was killed in action on
February J. " ' ' ''
, Details of fighting were not given.
Ten infantrymen were sliehtlv
wounded in action February 2 aTid 3.
Corporal Luthr L. Burnett. Snnne-
: Private Henry T. Richards, Elm
Grove, W. Val
Walter L. Beach, Eastwood, O.
Raymond Cesak, Chicago, 111.
Ernest E. Alien, Lansing, Mich1.
Max Gantman Romanoff. Volinski
James V. Lee, Garysburg, N. C.
Roscoe Taylor, Woodbine, Ky.
David Snyder, Caenegie, Pa.
George H. Yarborough, Dickey, Ga.
Corporal Georire R. Mitchell, of in
fantry, was slightly, wounded Febru
ary 4. " , I
tit enlisted from Holdrege, heb.
Washington. Feb. 6 Further steos
looking to diversion of railroad traf
fic from the most congested eastern
gateways were taker, today by Direc
tor General McAdoo by, appointment
of a traffic investigation committee.
It consists of B. L. Winchell, Chi
cago, trafrtc director of the Union
Pacific; G. F. Randolph. New York.
head of a number of trunk line com
mittees, and T. O. Powell, Cincin
nati, vice president of the Southern
Railway. ' .
Extend Credit to France.
Washington. Feb. 6. Allied credits
have been increased to $4,648,400,000
by a loan of $155,000,000 to France.
the funds will be spent largely
this country for military supplies.
Dope Fiend Begs Federal Men to
Send Him Where He May Be Cared
R. Harris, arrested by federal offi
cers in a, "dope" raid, begged thenf
to send him to some-institution to be,
cured of the habit.
"I have tried to cure myself six
timts in the last 21 years," he said.
"But it irimpossible. When the habit
once gets you no will power is able
to overcome it. I ha,veleen off of
it as long as six months at a time,
but it always gets me again.
"I am different from most dope
fiends. I work. Every night I put-i
in at hard work in a restaurant to
get money to buy morphine. I take
about three grains a day now. I used
to take 30 grains, bu. that was in the
' oays when you could get a whole
1 bottle ior a dollar. It's exnensivx
- LT . . . Cr llUV! Jug-
0. S. TRANSPORT!-!
BULLETIN, v ' . . .
Washington, Fek 6.-The British steamship Tus
cania with 2,179 United States soldiers on board has
been torpedoed and sunk in the war zone. No estimate
of the loss of life is available, but 1 ,1 00 survivors have
been landed at Buncranna and Lame, Ireland.
, ; BULLETIN. ' ,
Washington, Feb' 6.-The disaster was officially an
nounced by the War department, which had received
only meager advices, without names of survivors or vie-urns.-.
. ; . ' y-
FEW PARTICULARS RECEIVED.
'The Wad department has been officially advised that the
steamship Tuscania was torpedoed and sunk, and that survivors
numbering 1,100, as far as could be ascertained, were landed
at Buncranna and Larne, in Ireland. --
There was a total of 2,179 United States troops on thin
No name of persons lost has been reported to the War
department and no name of survivors was reported. .
,s ..4 AdditiojtxaJ. pjarticulacs arromlsed aroon as-received.
JbjoiiaSijkfi v Cunarder ot 8,62 lnet ' tcmVai last re-
Atlantic pdrt on October 1 9,
It is presumed- that sinde
in, transposing American droops to Europe.'
AT BREST ARE
Teutons Reported Returning to
May Come to End Over
Amsterdam, Feb. 6. The German
and Austro-Hungarian foreign min
isters, Dr. von Kuehlmann and Count
Czernin, left Berlin last night for
Brest-Litovsk to continue the peace
negotiations, according to a -dispatch
from the German capital.
Deadlock at Brest-Litovsk.
London, Feb. 6. The negotiations
at Brest-Litovsk have, been broken
off, the correspondent at Petrograd of
the Exchange Telegraph company
saysfhe is informed.
Reports from Brest-Litovsk in the
last few days indicated that a dead
lock had been reached on the ques
tion of the Ukraine After the Ukrai
nian delegates had almost completed
an agreement with the GermansShd
Austrians for a separate peace the
Bolsheviki sent to Brest-Litovsk new
delegates, who. they said, were the
real representatives of Ukraine.
The representatives of the" central
powers refused. to recognize, the new
delegates, who represent, the' soldiers'
and workmen's deputies of Ukraine,
whereas the .first delegation was se
lected by the Ukrainian Rada.
I bis situation was ' considered at
the crown council in Berlin on Mon
day, after which the German and Austro-Hungarian
foreign ministers left
for Brest-Litovsk. .
stuff now because you federal men
are getting it cleaned out.
"I think I could make a man of
what's left of. me yet if I could once
get it out of my system. I am indus
trious. I like to. work. I wouldn't be
satisfied, if I wasn't working. But I
have to ha.e the dope to keep me
contented even with work. As soon
as I am deprived of it my nerves are
all gone. I can't do anything. I
can't even sleep. Oh, I hope you can
help me get cured." '
When Harris was 24 years old he
suffered a severe injury to his knee.
The doctor gave him morphine to ease
the pain. This action, he says, is re
sponsible for the 20 years' slavery to
the habit which he has suffered.
Federal .authorities will try to have
him er.t to art institution for
that time she had been employed
Warmer Here Thursday and Ail
Over the Central states;
A great wave of warmth has settled
all over the United States east of the
Rocky mountains, as shown by the
weather map. The temperature this
morning was 20 to 30 degrees warmer
between the great lakes and Rocky
mountains and from 40 to 50 degrees
warmer m the Ohio valley and lower
lake regions. At Chicago the-temper-ature
rosc38 degrees in the last 24
Soldiers and Sailors to
Be Granted Moratorium
Washington, Feb. 6. The sol
diers' and sailors' civil rights bill,
providing a moratorium for men
in. military establishment, waB
unanimously passed today by th
senate, virtually in the form it
passed the house.
hours, at Pittsburgh 52 degrees, at
Buffalo 40 degrees and at New Y,ork
City 18 degrees.
Ihe jorecast 4S lor still warmer,
While thig is good news so far as
coal conservation is concerned, Col
onel Welsh points out that there is
grave danger of unprecedented floods
this spring. '
"The whole country is covered with
a blanket of s'how of great depth," he
says, "and ' the rivers and other
streams are frozen up to a denth in
some places of three feet, frozen
water of enormous volume is on the
land and the waterways that should
carry- the surplus water off are frozen,
so that there ! no hope of a break
ing up of the ice in time fo do much
"The best we can hope for is that
the warm weather will start in tire
south and get the streams thawed out
before the great thaw furthet north
begins. If we haVe a big thaw, or if
the thaw starts in the north before
the south has been well rleared of
water, there can be no result except
the most disastrous floods."
Insurance Man Suffers
Stroke of Apoplexy
Carpenter, 53 years
fered a stroke of apoplexy oi
n the first
floor jf the Omaha National Bank
building Wednesday morning. His
right arm arid leg were paralysed. He
was taken to St.. Joseph's hospital.
treat- Mr. (..? reenter is an insurance, col
ftcctOtf , '
SECRET AR Y IS UNABLE
TO SUPPLY WAR FACTS
U. S. ARTILLERY
Teuton Airmen Forced to Give
Up Attempt to Cross Ameri-
can Lines; French Chil
dren Are Rescued.
By Associated Trr.)
With the American Army in France,
-Tuesday, Feb. 5. American artillery
kept up a continuous fire ou the enemy
batteries throughout Tuesday and
the Germans responded, with the re
sult that there was lively shelling
along the-ajire sector.
At the same time the American
anti-aircraft guns were busy repelling
auempts oi enemy airmen to cross
over the American lines.
Two German airplanes finally aban
doned the attempt, after having been
Amember of the military police to
day found three little French children,
a girl and two bovs. wanclerint aloiiir
a road immediately behind the front
wnich is shelled frequently by the
enemy and is considered very dan
He turned the children over to an
ambulance driver, who returned them
to their homes in a nearby village.
Macon, Ga., Feb. 6. An army bal
loon from the training school near
here was fired upon, today during a
flight near Eastman, Ga
its tackling was struck, but the
The authorities arrested Clem Clem
ents, who is being held without bail,
pending investigation.'-. .-.--j j - -
Th jo;a4'1ll5uiby H.5.V.
had thrc& students aboard.- -"! '
Aftefthe bullet struck thi tack
ling the ballast was unloaded and the.
men ascended to a higher altitude for
mot Tardea was
Eastman last week.
Authorities' hpre expressed the opin
ion that a farmer fired at jhe balloon
last week thinking it a German craft.
According to members of the crew
who returned here late today, offi
cials at Eastman were of the same
opinion in regard to today's occur
rence. . - ' ' ; " :
U. 5. APPEALS TO
LABOR TO HELP
Washington, Feb. 6. Responsibil
ity for-the success or failure of the
government's shipbuilding program
was put on labor today by Charles
Piez, vice president and general man
ager of the Emergency Fleet corpor
ation, in an anneal for shiovards
The shipping board has the neces
sary yards, tqe materials and the
money," lie said.
"All that is lacking is a spirit in
the nation that will send a quarter of
a million American mechanics into
the yards to give the best and most
Jhe' fact that shipyards are work
ing only one shift six days a week was
characterized by Mr. Piez as "mon
"If we are to keep ahead of the
submarine campaign," said he, "we
must run three shifts a day $Z weeks
in the year."
U. S. STEAMSHIP
New York, Feb. i Word of the
loss ' of the American steamship
Alamance, owned by the Garland
Steamship Corporation, and the re
sultant loss of six lives was received
in shipping circles here today.
Alamance, which left New York,
January 17, was torpedoed yesterday
off the English coast, it was reported.
It was a vessel of 3.0Q0 tons. No
Americans were lost. " ;
.The ship had a crew of SS and a
naval gun complement of 23 men. Its
commander was Captain E. E. Johnson.
CARRANZA SENDS MESSAGE OF
WARM FRIENDSHIP TO KAISER
(By Associated lVe.) .' - '
London, Feb. 6. Venustiano Carranza, president of Mexico, sent a
fulsome birthday message to Emperor William of Germany recently,
according to Reuter's Limited. President Carranza, in this message,
used the phrase:
"Your majesty, who celebrates his anniversary today with just cause
According to a telegram from Copenhagen, President Carranza's
telegram to the German emperor on the hitter's birthday read as follows:
"To your majesty, who celebrates his anniversary . today with just
cause for rejoicing, I have the honor to send your majesty my most
cordial congratulations, and am pleased to express to you nvDest wishes
for your personal happiness and that of your aufjust family, as well as
for the prosperity of th's great, friendly nation."
(. : ;
COMMITTEE ASKS PROOF
THAT U. S. CAN TRANSPORT
LARGE ARMY TO FRANCE
Will Hear Baker's Detailed Statement in Secret Session
Tomorrow; Original Account Was Unfortunate, He,
Declares; Senators Squabble Over Methods of Cross- .
Examination; Reveals Military Information.
Washington, Feb. 6. Almost coincident with Secretary
Baker's re-appearance before the senate military committee to
day for cross examination upon his recent statement of what
America is doing in the war, the administration's answer to con
gressional agitation for a war cabinet and munitions director
was given by introduction in the senate of a bill -Transmitted to
President Wilson which would give the president blanket au
thority to reorganize and coordinate all federal departments,
bureaus, agencies, officials and personnel? v f
(By Associated Press.) . - '
Washington, Feb. 6.--Secretary Baker came up for crose
examination today before the senate military committee on his
picture of the state of prepavedness of the army, which con
gressional critics have attacked as "grossly exaggerated." .
iq BAKER UNPREPARED.
MORE WAR POWER
Convinced That Legislation
LQMbing Chief Executive. With
.qaiuonai Auinoriiy is ioiu
t ,: tion of Present Problems.
' (Of Asmclatod IrSN.) .
jVashington; Feb. 6. As the sen
ate examination of Secretary Baker
turned to the question of supplies for
the army today it became apparent
from the nature of his replies to ques
tions that he and President Wilson
had been discussing some form of fur
ther reorganization of the War de
partment which they hoped "would
satisfy those who are oressine the
bill for a director of munitions.
It was indicated earlier in the day
also in other official quarters that the
president ana tne secretary ot war
hoped by a further move to meet
the demand for the bill.
Would Free Wilson's Hands.
"I have a feeling," Mr. Baker said
in replv to Senatoi Wadsworth, "that
legislation that would free the presi
dent's hands and allow him to trans
fer, functions and co-ordinate the
needs of the departments as they arise
would be the best answer to the diffi
"All departments arc constantly
"I am, as you know, continually
creating r.ew agencies and sometimes
when in doubt have to study the stat
utes carefully to learn how far my. au
thority goes. It the president were
simply authorized to reorganize, re-co-ordinatc
?.nd transfer functions as
he sees fit we could go to him and se
cure the necessary ordey as were
senator Wadsworth said lie re
ferred particularly to statutes placing
innunif table checks and balances on
expenditure of army funds. -
"It might perhaps be wise," Secre
tary Baker continued, "during tne pe
riod of the war to au.horize the pres
ident to suspend any restrictive stat
ute that might be found to impede
efficiency. - r
"I'm not sure that it is wise not to
have these checks and counter bal
ances. We are spending very large
sums of money and it seems to be
wise to check expenditures very care
fully." Delays Are Disappearing.
Senator Wadsworth cited delays in
paying troops and Secretary Baker
said that was a "disappearing, dimin
Questioned as to delay in payments
to the familiej of soldiers, Mr. Baker
said indefinite addresses of depend
ents le.t by the soldier frequently pro
duced that result. Difficulties of ac-
(Contlnaed on Fsre roar, Column Four.)
But the principal point of the whole ' -controversy
the( question of where
the army is going to get ships to
transport 1,000,000 men to France
this yearwas left untouched, partly
because Secretary Baker did not have -the'
detailed figures to show the com
mittee on what basis he made his as
sertion and partly because the com
mittee got into a squabble over -whether
it would be proper to have
the secutary of war disclose the fig
ures in public. - , ' - - ' .- ...,..-.
. JTlve iipshot it war that the ques
tion of ships was left to be presented
in detailed exact statements to the
committee ' in secret session tompr
row and tne cross-examination went
on to other subjects of s general na
ture. . f ; ' . '
Senator is Insistent
Senator Hitchcock, who has ' at
tacked the secretary of war's state
ment that the United States could put
1,000,000 men in- France this year (
U.S. Had 582 Ships i j
Available November 30
Washington, Feb. 6. Senator
Hitchcock said that on November
30 the shipping board advised him
the total gross - available Ameri
can tonnage was 582 ships of
3,721,806 tons, including tankers
and former German and Austrian
ShlpS. r 'i ; v ;
Secretary Baker, said he could
not estimate how many troops
that tonnage would supply.
in addition to 500,000 early this snrinrf
was insistent that Mr. Baker should
show the committee what grounds he
had for believing there were ships
available for their transport and sup
ply. ' , v. ' '
Secretary Baker reohed he did not
have the exact fiarures in his mind, but
that his statement was made on fig
ures which had been prepared by ex-
perts who took m, the information at
the disposal of "he shipping board ; s
well as what ships might be available
from neutraivand- foreign sources.
The secretary made plain that he
was not counting wholly on Americfti
ships to transport the troops.
Original Statement Unfortunate. '
Secretary Baker did say. however.
that probably the form of his original
statement to the committee, which
has been mad, the basis of attack,
was unfortunate in that it expressed
his general opinion of a broad situa
tion rather th.n the. exact statement
of experts dealing in details.
The misfortune for me, if I may
can it sucn. said secretary caker,
"lay in the fact that I attempted tc
give opinions of the broad general
situation as I saw it when the infor
mation laN in details that ought to
have been gotten from the experts in
direct charge, or in statistics giving
I was attcmptm ( a general survey.
It was a misfortune for me to dc
Favors New Legislation.
An estimate of 791,000 tons of shine
available for transport on February 1,
(Continued on ruse Four, Colnma Tws)
The type is the same, the
general appearirice is the
same in the Want-Ad col
umns every day -but the
offers, the story of each
ad is always differential
ways changing. The only
way to keep up with this
ever:changing markc t
-place is to r6aa the Want
Ads every day. - : v.
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