Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 25, 1918, Page 2, Image 2

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fArlillery Fire, Infantry Sallies
sage Coming Conflict on West Front; French Bag
Ten German Airplanes In Three Days;
Artillery Active On Italian Front.
(By the Associated Press.)
On the western front in France and in Belgium and on the
1tlUn front, where the contending armies of the chief bel-
i;rnti in the world war hare displayed little activity for
some time, official reports announce a resumption of hostilities
of unusual activity for winter
1 While the operations mentioned in?officer rom Canip Bo
he statement irom tne various army
headquarters are of little consequence
from s military view, yet the general
xtent of the activity indicates that
J, UVlV lit IMIUIVUI f wwjwww
Intensity of the artillery fire has in
creased all along; the western front
and raiding parties and air fighting
have been resumed under more favor,
able conditions.
The success of a German raid on
British trenches west of LaBassee is
jimnounced by the British official com
.municatiort, which claims, however,
that 'another hostile party was dis
persed west' of Villers Guislain. In
3he Nieuport sector the Fiench war
office announces the recapture of
feround gained by the enemy in a
:raid Wednesday morning.
I The French statement also says
that the artillery is active in the
Chautne wood front and in the sector
of Hill 344 and claims the' failure
of an enemy attack at the former
During the period from Jsnuary 1
to 20. ten German airplanes were
brought down by the French. More
.intense artillery firing between the
'Adige and Brenta valleys is reported
in the Italian official statement which
also tells of small engagements on
the right bank of the Piave and on the
southeastern slopes of the Monte
Spinoncia. '
- King Albert, in his reply to Pope
Benedict's peace note, declares that
Belgium will consent to peace only
-upon the guarantee of absolute po
litical, economic and territorial inde
pendence. The note of the Belgian
government concludes witn the dec
laration that the replies of the central
empires ; to the pope's note have
failed to make mention of the "undis
puted rights of Belgium that his holi
ness has not ceased to recognize and
proclaim." 1
Germany Hears of Strikes.
: Evidence of unrest among the peo
ple in Austria and Germany continue ;
to reach the outside world through
Switzerland and Holland. News of
the Austrian strikes and. peace de
mands appear to be generally known
'in Germany, despite the efforts of the
censorship to the contrary. The Aus
trians' hfcpe that the German work
ers would follow their lead, however,
lias not materialized, due probably to
the ever powerful military party.
Chamberiain Lays
i Blame for Deaths
To War Department
I ' Continual from Fat One.)
. prepare for war when it seemed cer
tain. , , .
V "There were omens in the sky, he
continued, "that America couldn't
keep out What was the ordnance de
partment doing? Nothing. t It was
lying supinely on its back.
"I'm not blaming anybody in par
ticular." the senator continued. "I
have high regard for General Cro
atier. But we haven't been able to do
what England, France end all our
other allies have done and that is to
retire these gentlemen who have not
proven themselves up to the mark.
"This isn't s question of personali
ties. , This is not a question between
the president and myself. It's a ques
tion of America and every man ought
to make it his whole purpose to see
that America is saved?' v
i Machine Gun Squabble. '
s "Take the machine gun," said the
Senator. "It's an old controversy and
much may be said on both sides. The
Lewis gun has been manufactured
here for the British army and there
are 70,000 of them; on the battle
'Every British officer I have seen
jbas expressed approval of that gun.
America, was oreoared to produce
' them, but with the country standing
on a seething volcano, the ordnance
department was trying to decide on
a gun.
"The War deoartment didn t even
adopt a gun until May and finally
adooted It in June. (1917).
The Browning gun is a good wea
pon, but the Lewis gun is doing good
work. Why not manufacture the
Lewis gun? ,
Germany Knows Conditions.
"The secretary of war testified, be
fore the committee," he said, that in
September the United States had
nine Browning guns, "with which to
go out against the. millions ot Uer
i He denounced the cry that invest
cation gives . information to the
"Germany knows more ' about
America today , than the men con
nected with the departments, Sena
tor Chamberlain d-clared.
' "But while the house burns," he
shouted. "America determints through
the ordnance bureau what instrumen
talities are to adopted! He conceeded
that the rifle as finally adopted was
aa improvement over the British gun,
but declared it took days and montns
to oerfecL" .
t "Why shouldn't America know
these things?" the senator demanded.
Some people in the west, he added,
believe America has all it needs.
"If they only knew the actual con
ditions, he continued, they would
give their lives, their all, te protect
America. Casual reading of the sec
retary of war's statement gives the
imoression that we had every thine.
But when we get the testimony of the
.,, men on the ground, different informa
tion is obtained.
Citing the testimony b: an army
and Air Fighting All Pre
wie. lex., wno
declared there was not a sinsrle trench
mortar there, and that other neces
gary equipment was lacking, Senator
Lhamberlatn declared:
"That is true ol every camp in the
the civilians who have come here and
itiven their time and service, we
wouldn't have been anywhere."
Soldiers Haven't Clothing.
Turning to the quartermaster gen
eral's department, Senator Chamber
lain declared that from Secretary lia
ker s general statement the country
would believe that "everything was
lovely and the goose hung high so
far as clothing is concerned."
"But when you talk to the men that
command these boys you find it isn't
there," he continued. "On a per cap
ita basis it is there, but not when it
comes to effective distribution. They
simply haven t got the clothing.
"I realize the difficulties of the quar
termaster general. He has done the
best he could under the present sys
tem. The president inherited that
svstem and has done the1 best he
could. The president isn't responsi
ble for the system. But the fact re
mains that we haven't the clothing."
! Baker Was Misinformed.
Senator Chamberlain said he pro
posed to show by Secretary Baker s
own testimony that the secretary did
not know of actual clothing con
"That is why I say," he continued,
"that the president did not know the
truth. And I did. He must have gotten
his facts from the secretary, who
in turn got them from somebody else
and somebody must have lied.
"And that's why I say the president
has not been given the truth.
Striding; out into the center of the
aisle with an attitude of defense, he
Has No Fear.
. "I feel it my duty to my country
and my conscience to tell the truth.
"I have no fear of God, man or the
devil when my conscience prompts.
And no man in the country can keep
me from telling the truth.
"The only fear is that this discus
sion may have a bad effect on the
country. But if the conditions exist,
they ought to be corrected and quick
ly. Great Britain found the same con
ditions and corrected them quickly.
r f s - II
&o aiq t ranee. ,
Senator Chamberlain passed around
among senators photographs of wood
en machine guns, rifles and heavy ord
nance used at cantonments and asked
senators fo study them carefully.
"They are of some use," he explain
ed, "in training men. But, if I had a
boy training fof the battlefield,. I
would not want him to have his train
ing with nothing else than a wooden
. Shortage of Overcoats.
The commander of Camp Sherman,
Ohio, told him there was a shortage
of 7,000 overcoats there.
He referred that, statement to Sec
retary Baker.
"In his usual placid way he said,
'That's not true,"' remarked the sen
ator. ;
Senator Chamberlain then read from
a letter from Secretary Baker a later
report showed 7,000 overcoats were
needed at Camp Sherman, but that
iney were in course oi enipmcni.
"That's the way ever since the war
started, 'in course,' but not getting
there, he shouted.
Wants Conditions Known.
Then placing in the records s chart
submitted to the military committee
by Secretary Baker showing short
ages of material at all camps varying
from one to 90 per cent, Senator
Chamberlain declared he wished that
condition to become known to the
Reading from the table to show
shortages of overcoats running as
high as 75 per cent, the senator re
minded the senate that troops were
in the midst of winter."
Thousands Are Dying.
"I am going to show that these
hundreds and thousands of men dying
in the cantonments are due to the
War department, he declared,
I am going to call attention to
the statement of Surgeon General
Gorgas that nearly '! epidemics could
have been prevented if the War de
partment had been effective."
Eight' Thousand Men in Hospital
Men at Camp Bowie, the senator
delared, were packed together like
sardines," and despite frequent warn
ing disastrous epidemics broke out in
December with e.OUU men passing
through the hospitals.
"Men died," he asserted, "without
proper nursing because of inefficiency
of the system. I challenge you to
read the record. Don't take my word
for it
"All the cantonments are arteries of
information and I hope to God that
every young man will write his father
or mother and tell them just what
the conditions are, not to stay pa
tnotism. but to stimulate those in
authority to do their duty."
Senator Chamberlain said if Sur
geon General Gorgas' recommenda
tions for ereater space had been ob
served, disease, at least, would have
been reduced.
"Have these recommendations been
followed?" asked Republican Leader
"They are attempting to .in some
places, but the recommendations have
not been carried out If these are
the conditions existing with soldiers
in their home countries, what must be
the fate of the boys sent to Europe
to meet the dangerous and treacher
ous conditions of warfare," replied
Senator Chambeilan.
Senator Chamberlain read a letter
showing that camp authorities failed
to notifiy a family of the death of a
soldier and that the body came home
wrapped only in a sheet.
"If I were to print all the letters I
get along this line1," he continued,
IJthey would shock not only congress
butftse American conscience. I do it
only to snow the country that there is
inefficiency and I'm going to do it if
ft costs me my political life.
"Let the American mothers know
conditions and they will see to it that
the public servants either do their
duty or retire from public life in dis
grace. "Let's let the sunlight in on these
things." he pleaded, "and never fear
that the American people will not
follow the" president into the thickest
of the fray wherever their duty calls
Challenges Statement.
Senator Kirbv of Arkansas said in
reply to Senator Chamberlain, who
assailed the war department Detore
the senate:
"I challenge the statement of it all.
The examination before our commit
tee does not warrant much that has
been said today or the statement
that the military organization has
broken down."
Senate and galleries were moved to
expression of emotion as Senator
Chamberlain read a letter to Senator
The writer, whose name was not
given, said he was notified through
friends that his son was ill six days
after he had been taken to the camp
Appalled by Filth.
He was first permitted to see the
boy through a window and the first
sight appalled him. The room and
bed were filthy, he wrote, and the pa
tient had not been bathed for eight
His requests for a nurse or to per
mit himself to aid his son were re
fused, the writer stated, but finally
he was told he might provide clean
When he returned his son's face
and hands had been washed, but still
were dirty.
The next dav he returned as an
attendant was trying to give the pa
tient water from a bowl. When tne
father intervened the attendant said:
"I guess I better get a funnel," and
actually returned with a paper funnel.
The father stopped that and sug
gested a spoon.
His Son Died.
Fifteen minutes later the son died.
At headquarters he was told that he
might have his son's body that night.
Having provided himself with a
pass to the hospital, he did not knock
when he entered, but as he tried to
open the door it struck a heavy ob
ject. It was his son's body and the door
had struck the head.
Wants to Rouse Country.
"I want to arouse the country and
every mother and father in the land
to write to the president of the
United States and appeal not in a
spirit of revenge, but in order that
the example of a beloved son, brother
or husband may arouse the country
to save the lives of our soldiers,"
Senator Chamberlain declared as he
finished reading the letter.
After speaking nearly three hours,
Senator Chamberlain concluded with
a plea that he was only doing his duty
in arousing the country to its danger
and that he would support the presi
dent although "grossly maligned." -
Because leaders desired to prevent
further debate, the senate adjourned
until Monday.
(Br Associated Pre.)
Italian Armv Headquarters in
Northern Italy, January 24. The en
emy has evacuated territory on the
northern mountain front behind
Monte Tomba, extending from the
Piave river westward.
Their defense lines have now been
moved back to Monte Sp'noncia.
Italian natrols makins reconnais
sances in the last few days found that
the enemy patrols and sentinels had
been withdrawn and later discovered
that the enemy had abandoned the
entire region.
This retreat is s sequel to the vic
tory French troops recently obtained
nn Monte Tomba. inasmuch as the en
emy's position thereafter became un
tenable. The retirement of the enemy is im
portant as showing that he has given
up his effort to force a passage to the
Venetian nlan bv wav of Monte
Tomba and the west bank of the
Piave, at least for the present.
He is now constructing defensive
works in the rear.
London, Jan. 24. "There is noth
ing of special interest to report," says
today's offi-'al communication.
Allied Reports Show Big
Decrease in Sub Sinkings
Paris, Jan. 24. The sinking of two
French vessels of more than 1,600
tons and one of lesser size is shown
in the weekly report of French ship
ping losses. Four vessels were at
tacked unsuccessfully.
Rome, Jan. 24. The weekly report
of Italian shipping losses gives the
sinking of only one small sailing ves
sel One steamship was attacked un
Hertling Expresses Hope
Negotiations Will Not Fail
Berlin, Jan. 24. The imperial Ger
man chancellor, Count von Hertling,
in his address before the Reichstag
today, said he still holds fast to the
hope that the Brest-Litovsk peace
negotiation will reach a satisfactory
conclusion at an early date.
Special Bargains
Ladies' Coats Black, brown,
green and navy, $22 values, on
S. $12.98
Children' Coats Fur trim
med; sizes 4 to 10, tfo QQ
on sale 40a7O
$5.00 Silk Waists, (t) AQ
on sale V ai70
$15 Serge Dreaaes, dQ QQ
on sale ....P7a70
75c Silk Hoae, AQ
on sale iOC
$1.00 Underwear, CQr
on sale U7C
Children's Lefiinis, OA
75c values, on sale.. 07C
, 314 N. 16th St.
Women Remain to Hear Evi
dence Despite Judg's Warn
ing, But Witnesses Whis
per Replies.
After the introduction of testimony
bearing on the alleged degeneracy of
the negro Charles Smith, charged
with the murder of Mrs. C. L. Netha
way, the prosecution unexpectedly
rested its case yesterday afternoon.
Smith showed his first uneasiness
in the court room Thursday during
the introduction of this testimony.
He scribbled on a paper during the
taking of the evidence and glared at
Adult Probation Officer Andreesen
when the latter sat down opposite
him after testifying to Smith's re
marks while in jail.
Prosecution Rests. ' .
The prosecution rested its case at
2 p. m., and the defense called Will
iam Seivers, of Fort Calhoun, who
said that a boy at the scene of the
murder called his attention to a place
where it appeared something had been
dragged down toward the place where
the body lay from the cornfield above.
Mr. Edwards testified that he saw
the two paths and said that he un
derstood they were made by the sher
iff and his deputy coming down from
the Nethaway home, northwest of
the place where the body was found.
Edwards testified to lifting Mr.
Nethaway from the lifeless form of
his murdered wife, when he fell to
kissing her after showing Edwards
the wound in her neck. The defense
called Andrew Anderson, Florence
postmaster, who said that Nethaway's
tie, collar and neck of his shirt were
bloody when he undressed that night
in Anderson's presence.
Suggests Women Retire.
The defense was not allowed to in
troduce in evidence a duplicate of a
letter or paper found in the vicinity
of the cut several days after Smith's
arrest. Florence Smith, a clerk in a
downtown store, was called to identify
the letter but was excused.
But one woman left criminal court
when presiding Judge Sars called a
halt in the testimony and gave warn
ing that the next batch of evidence
promised to be unfit for the ars of
Judge Sears said he wished to spare
the women in the court room and
then suggested that they retire.
One lone girl hung her head and
left the room.
Several hundred other women and
girls leaned forward in .their seats
and braced themselves for the testi
mony. They were disappointed, for the
testimony was given in an undertone
and was audible only to attorneys and
court room attaches.
Testify to Interview.
Testimony was given by Felix
Dolan, police detective, who accused
Smith of degeneracy on the night he
was captured at Blair after the mur
der last August
DolanV statements were substan
tiated by the testimony of Captain
Dempsey and Adult Probation Officer
Andreasen, who interviewed Smith in
his cell.
Smith was seen at 12:30 at Brigcrs
crossing and going west up , the
tracks leading toward the bridge over
tne cut wnere Mrs. Nethaway s body
was found, witnesses testified. He
asked what train he could take to get
to Sioux City. He was told a train
would pass through late in the after
noon. The fireman of 'the second section
of No. 18, which passed through the
cut, testified that she saw Smith board
the train a half mile north of the
Nethaway home about 4:30 p. m. The
first section went through the cut at
3:20 that afternoon.
Brother! and Bisters.
"Skinny" Jones, who barely tipped the
scales at lit poundi, wait poking tun at hli
older alatar Mamla tor being- a heavyweight
Ona day whan they wera on the atraat to
gether ha auggeated that they get welched.
She itepped on the scales and the Indleatoi
flew around to 184. "Help! Help!" cried
"Skinny." "When are you telng to atop
growing T Tou are getting hopeleetly fat."
"What d. you weigh T" Inquired Mamie
by way of changing the question.
"Skinny" atepped on the acala and dropped
In nlckel.i For aome reaaon the machine
tuck, ao ha had to put In another nicke.,
and then the Indicator moved feebly ahead
to 13d.
"Well," aatd Mamie, aa ahe etarted away.
"I had rathe - weigh 184 than have to apend
10 cents before I could weigh anything T"
St. Louis Globe-Democrat
You can secure a maid, stenogra
pher or. bookkeeper by using a Bee
Want Ad.
COLOME, SOUTH DAKOTA, October 6, 1917.
Bankers Life Insurance Co., ;
Lincoln, Nebraska.
Gentlemen: I have just been handed your check No. 68967
by your Superintendent of Agencies, W. W. Day, in settlement
of my policy No. 4817. Thisiwas a Twenty Payment Life Policy
for $1,000.00, on which I paid an annual premium of $35.05, total
amount paid your company $701.00. Amount of check received
from you $1,070.60, which is Three Hundred Sixty-nine and 60-100
Dollars more than I paid in, after having my insurance for 20
years. I know of no other company making settlements near this
and am very much pleased.
Thanking you for your prompt and splendid settlement, I am
Yours truly,
Every old agent knowa, and every new agent quickly learna, that the policy set
tlement which we ere making by the hundred (similar to the above illustration), af
ford unusual field opportunities. Any one deairing to better hi condition may find
it to hi advantage to apply. If interested, call at Branch Office, 1321-2 W. O. W.
Bldg. Phone Dougla 2949.
25, 1918.
How to Meet Proposed German
Offensive in West First Cdri
gSideration of Supreme
War Body.
(By Associated Bress.)
Washington, Jan. 24. General
Tasker H. Bliss, chief of staff, who
arrived in Paris today, will represent
the United States army on the su
preme war council. Secretary Baker
in so announcing tonight disclosed
that the general is accompanied by
high officers of every branch of the
service to advice him about any ques
tions that may arise.
General Bliss attended the first
meeting of the council and decision
to send him back to Europe as a
permanent representative in that
body was made because it was rec
ognized that General Pershing's du
ties in organizing and commanding
the ever increasing American ex
peditionary, forces were too great to
permit him to undertake the presen
tation of American views on military
operations and to sit with the council
in framing plans of strategy that
cover all fronts and all armies.
No word of the departure of Gen
eral Bliss had been published until
the news of his safe arrival came to
day. . ,
Forecast U. S. Operations.
From General Bliss the war council
will obtain an up-to-the-minute re
port on what the United States will
be able to contribute to operations on
the western front this spring and
His report has been forecast to
some extent i by President Wilson's
statement to congressional visitors
that there would be in Europe in June
twice the. number of American troops
which it had been originally planned
to send by that time.
General Bliss also can inform his
conferees exactly the situation in
which the United States may find op
portunity for the delivery of supplies
of all sorts to the allies.
Push Big Offensive.
While Secretary Baker's statement
merely said that General Bliss had
arrived in France to represent the
. . .1, i
army on tne council, mere nave peen
Qhe fashion Center Jor
Silk Boot Hose, 85c
Silk where they show and lisle
where wear is necessary in the tops
and doable-soles, which are of lisle.
An excellent value in black and
white, 85c a pair.
Flannelette Kimonos
in a Sale Friday
Kimonos, sold up to $2.95 at regu
lar prices, Friday, $1.19.
Hair Ornaments
Inexpensive, but very artistic and
worth-while. Barrettes, combs and
hair pins, studded with rhinestones
are general favorites. Also plain
shell hair pins and barrettes are
Notion Section
Jergen's Hand Lotion,
25c i
Fine Powder Puffs, 10c
Toilet Goods Section
For Children
Drawers and knickerbockers, sires
2 to 12 years, priced 20c, 25c, 35c
40c and 45c
Children's black sateen bloomers,
3 to 12-year sizes, 50c and 75c.
Third Floor
ASSETS, $12,600,000.00
intimations that renewed recommend
ations for vigorous offensive opera
tions on the widest possible scale
were included in the instructions the
general received before sailing.
Probably the primary consideration
before the council when it reconvenes
will be the widely advertised pro
posed German offensive on the west
ern front. A mass in information has
reached the allied powers from many
quarters indicating an impending
drive against the British or French
lines, or both, which will be carefully
May Be Bluff.
The posibility suggested by Colo
nel Repington the British military
critic in his initial article in the Lon
don Post today that the German con
centration may be "to support nego
tiations" rather than for an assault is
in line with views held by some
American officers here. They feel
that the German high command is
endeavoring to set up the boggy of a
great attack as a preliminary to an
other peace drive.
The possibility is suggested here
that the allies may anticipate the Ger
man attack with a great drive as the
British once did in Flanders.
Mrs. Smith had just put her head out
side the front door when Mrs. Jones espied
her. "Where did you get that black eye?"
inquired the latter.
"Oh, Bill just "
"Tea; that husband of yours Is a brute!"
"Oh, no, be ain't!" and the ill-used wife
bridled up. "He's a bit hasty. I'll admit;
but after he gave me this black eye he sat
holding a cold frying pan on It for an hour
to reduce the swelling. Not many husbands
would do that, you know!" Philadelphia
by Reds for Plot
in First Assembly
(By Associated Press.)
Petrograd, Wednesday, Jan. 23.
The Bolsheviki authorities today
arrested scores of persons, includ
ing party leaders whom they
charged were involved in a revolu
tionary plot organized among the
majority faction of the social revo
lutionists in the constituent assem
bly which controlled the assembly
in the single session which was
held before it was suspended by the
A battalion of death in reported
to have been ready to support, this
A soldier and a member of the
red guard were arrested today
charged with the murder of M.
Shingaroff and Prof. Kokoshkine,
former members of the Kerensky
government, who were slain in the
marine hospital last week.
A sailor who is said to have been
the leader is still at large.
A Sale of High Shoes
Friday for $3.85
That You'll Find Profitable to Attend
Stylish models in women's high grade footwear
at notable reductions.
Shoes of bronze, black and blue kid, also pat
ent leather both lace and button styles.
Do you know of a better company to In
sure with? Write for particulars of the above
German Lines Penetrated
Along Wide Front After
the Artillery is 1
(By Associated Frees.)
With the French Armies in France.
Wednesday, Jan. 23. The French on
Monday executed a brilliant i?id on
the German lines eastward from Vien-ne-le-Chateau,
near Four de Paris,
along a front of 3,000 yards and reach-
ing a depth of 500 yards.
An intense artillery preparation
made the progress of the troops easy
and they were able to destroy all
enemy works, shelters and mine gal
leries before returning to their own
Fifteen prisoners were captured by
the French, as well as three machine
guns. The French suffered few cas
ualties and none killed.
Rio Grande Receivership
Fight Starts in Denver
Denver, Colo., Jan. 24. Appoint
ment of a federal receiver for the
Denver & Rio Grande Railroad com
pany is to be determined by a hear
ing which began in United States dis
trict court here today, with Judge i
Robert E. Lewis of Denver presiding "
and Judge Walter H. Sanborn, senior
judge of the Eighth judicial district,
here to sit as advisory judge.
A judgment for $38,270,343.17 and '
interest was obtained against the road
by The Equitable Trust company of
New York in the federal courts in
New York last June as a result of the
default of the Western Pacific Rail
way company on bond interest, which
the Denver & Rio Grande company
Packers to Hold Conference
With Men at Washington
Washington, Jan. 24. A proposal
for a foimal conference between
union packing house workers and the
packers as a method of settling their
differences was considered today by
the president's mediation commission
at the request of the labor representatives.
Sizes are badly broken, for
which reason we advise
early shopping.
Qualities sold regularly to
$6 a pair.
Friday, $3.85 a Pair
All Sales Final
Matured in the
ef Lincoln, Nebraska
Name of insured George T. Thompson
Residence Colonic, South Dakota .
Amount of policy ....$1,000.00 ,
Total premiums paid Company $701.00
Total cash .paid Mr. Thompson. .. .$1,070.60
And 20 Years Insurance for Nothing