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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 23, 1918)
The Omaha Daily
VOL. XLVII NO. 188.
OMAHA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 23, 1918 TEN PAGES.
0 TralM. tt Hstita.
Nwi Standi, Itc, M.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS
M AGAIN HITS EA
SHIP BLOCKADE IN NEW YORK
HARBOR BROKEN; MUNITION
VESSELS CAUGHT IN ICE JAM
East in Clutch of Another Raging Snow Storm; Rail Traf
fic Tied Up and Many Communities Suffer from
Severe Cold; Five-pay Shutdown
Ends Today. -
New York Jn 22, No e"ential niP in New York har
bor is being prevented from sailing for lack of fuel, according
to J. E. Parsons, coal expert detailed by the United States ship
ping board to supervise the bunkering of vessels here.
ALLIES' SHIPS LEAVE. '
He said that of 213 ships awaiting
coal in this port a week ago but 81,
none of them "vital to the needs of
the allies," remained to be coaled to
day. This was the first word to come
from authoritative sources in New
York indicating that the fuel situa
tion had been relieved materially
jfttough the five days' industrial sus
pension and its resultant curtailed
coal consumption and loosening of
LARGE SHIPS SUPPLIED.
Thirteen large steamships were sup
plied with bunker coal yesterday, and
transportation officials expected that
many more steamers would be bunk
ered before night.
Veteran harbor men say they can
not remember a time when the ice
menace here was so great.
ANOTHER STORM IN EAST.
Washington, Jan. 22. Snow was
falling today throughout the eastern
half of the country north of Georgia
and promised to tie up the country's
transportation systems as badly as
they were before the beginning of the
five-day industrial shutdown, designed
to aid the railways in clearing their
lines of congested traffic and to place
coal in communities suffering from
the severe cold.
From the New England states
southward along the Atlantic coast
to Georgia and extending inland to
the Misfusstpprrtrer tne storm rages,
. ' f - 1 A.'ir 4-Via nlrrVif and the
it, began during the night and the
snow (fell steadily in most sections.
Weather bureau officials said it would
Railroads Hampered by Cold. .
Large supplies of coal were moving
freely to eastern householders and
trans-Atlantic shipping interests to
day as the result of the fuel adminis
tration's closing order, but clearing of
the railroad congestion still was ham
pered by unfavorable weather condi
With manufacturing plants east of
the Mississippi facing the fifth day
of the shutdown and reports here in
dicating that the first heatless Monday
had been strictly observed Fuel Ad
ministrator Garfield declined to say
wwhethe-an extension of the closing
" period Would be necessary.
The fuel administrator pointed out
that Washington's birthday, which
falls on Friday, was taken into con
sideration by the administration when
Monday was selected for the closing
day. Since many plants give a Satur
day half holiday, officials expect a
four-day shutdown in February.
Reports here said New York al
ready had on hand enough coal to
fill the bunkers of fifty .vessels loaded
with supplies for the American army
and the allies and more than 100 ships
in Hampton roads were being coaled
I Officials who recently sought a rail
road embargo on general freight de
clared again that this step would have
to be taken if the freight tangle is to
be straightened out,. '
Protect Alaskan Fisheries.
Washington, Jan. 22. Regulation
and protection of Alaskan fisheries is
proposed in a bill introduced today by
Delegate Sulzer of that territory.'
Temperatures at Omaha Yesterday.
6 a. m 13
6 a. m 12
7 a. m 10
8 a. m II
1 a. m 10
10 a. m 11
11 a. m 13
12 m 1
1 p. m 16
s 2 p. m 1?
3 p. m 1'
4 p. m 20
B p. m.
6 p. m.
7 d. m ro
8 p. m
1918. 1917. 1916. 1915.
21 6 40 8
9 10 29 8
15 2 J8 4
a jowest yesterday..
T Wean - temperature
0 0 .04
Temperature and precipitation departure,
rrom the normal:
Normal temperature 20
Deficiency for the day .......6
Total deficiency since March 1 2I
Normal precipitation 01 Inch
Deficiency for tho day 01 Inch
Total precipitation since Mar. 1 22.11 Inches
Def clency since marcn i i."
t......i .. rrin mi i?4K inches
Deficiency for cor. period, 1913.. 1.76 Inches
Keports From Stations at 7 P. M.
ctinn and State TeniD. HiKh- Bain-
of Weather. 7 pm.
24 .00 I
Cheyenne, part cloudy. 18
Davenport, clear 8
Denver, clear 30
Dea Moines, clear 1!
Dodge City, clear 33
Lander, parte loudy.... 14
North Platte, clear.... 22
Omaha, cloudy !
Pueblo, clear 2ft
Rapid City, part cloudy. 24
Halt Lake City. snow.. 2S
Santa Fe, clear 20
Hheridan. cloudy Z2 32
Bloux City, clear 10. 1
Valentine clear 24 82
"T" Indicates trace of precipitation.
Indicates below zero.
It X. WiLSH. lUrololst
WAR CABINET IS
DOOMED BY FIGHT
MADE BY WILSON
President Denounces Senate
Program Creating Munitions
Administrator and Defends
Washington, Jan. 22. Prospects
for the enactment of legislation pro
viding for a war cabinet and a muni
tions administration were dimmed to
day as the result of President Wilson's
unequivocal denunciation of "the pro
gram. Replying to Senator Chamberlain's
reference in New York Saturday to
inaction and ineffectiveness in the
government, the president last night
issued a statement defending the war
preparations of the administration and,
reiterating his faith in the ability of
Committee Will Proceed.
The senate military committee to-
4... 1 .4 . ..J 1
proceed with the
legislative program despite the pres-lthe Betterment or Uiris ana Boys, appeared oeiure cuy tuunm
ident's opposition, but generally it .Vfasjnr ' '.J... i.;U"r u venn,'mnrft;nn thai
Mt tlw. niMciircs wfrc.'dpst nfd
to meet defeat.
In reply to the president's state
ment Senator Chamberlain, who is
chairman of the committee, declared
his speech in New York was an ex
temporaneous one and his whole ar
gument directed at the military es
tablishment and not at other depart
ments of the government, although it
was broad enough to admit of such
President Wilson's denunciation of
Senator Chamberlain's attack on the
War department and his openly ex
pressed approval of Secretary Baker
had the effect today of apparently
solidifying sentiment among senate
democrats who support the bill for
a war cabinet, despite the president's
Some of them met the announce
ment of President Wilson's determi
nation to oppose the bill to the finish
with declarations of a similar pur
oose to support it to a finish, despite
the fact they may not gather
strength enough to compel congress
to accept it over the president's dis
Next Thursday, when the senate
(Continued on Vnge Two, Column One.)
GIRL VICTIM OP CROSSING
MARY TIGHE, INJURED
Mary Tighe, IS years old, was re
turning home from a visit toher aunt,
Mrs. Margaret Bohan. 5320 North
Twenty-seventh street. She is the
daughter of Michael Tighe, 1412
North Nineteenth street, and is one
of a family of six children.
ttxii-y T K x-K'K-::.:--..::-:
Injured Widow Lauds Soldiers
For Their Conduct in Car Crash
Mrs. Jennie Brennan, Twenty-
' seventh and C Streets
sevenin aim sirccis.
a tractured nip ana bruises in tne
street car accident Monday afternoon,
gives credit to Fort Omaha soldiers
that the casualty list was so small.
"Hearing the roar of the oncoming
car, we all looked out of the window."
oo said Mrs. Brennan. "Four soldiers
in the rear 01 the car shouted tor
everybody to be calm and nobody
moved from .heir seats. NThe scene
was too horrible to describe, "with the
big black bulk of the car coming on
ward like an avalanche.
"I was perfectly calm throughout
it all. When I saw . the inevitable
crash was coming I said an act of
contrition and waited, After the col
TROLLEY CAR CONDUCTORS
LOSE LIVES IN A COLLISION
JOSEPH J. BRADEHOFT
WOMEN ASK CITY COUNCIL TO
CLOSE PUBLIC DANCE HALLS;
SAY "IMMORALITY CENTERS"
Representatives of Omaha Association for Betterment of
Girls and Boys Recommend Action as War-Time
Measure; Welfare Board Recently Report
ed Conditions as "Satisfactory."
uc.uoy mwi mwg .
public dance halls be closed as a war measure.
The women arraigned these places as "centers from which
hafsprung much of the immorality of the city among both girls
TAKE ACTION MONDAY. 1
Dr. Jennie Callfas, president of the
association, handed the communica
tion which was read by city clerk to
city council. Announcement was
made that on next Monday morning,
at 10 o'clock, the matter will be called
up for hearing, when it is expected
that Mayor Dahlman will be present.
Superintendent Ohaus of the Board
of Public Welfare . last week stated
that conditions at dance halls were
satisfactory. Public dance halls are
now under the supervision of thewel
The letter submitted by the Asso
ciation for the Betterment of Girls
and Boys follows:
Cause of Downfall?
"The Omaha Association for the
Betterme'nt of Girls and Boys respect
fully requests your honorable body to
close all public dances in Omaha as
a war measure. The evils of the pub
lic dance halls have doubtless come
to your attention a. they have to ours.
For many years they have been a cen
ter from which has sprung much ot
the immorality of the city amonjr both
girls and boys. Of the many cases of
fallen girls who recently came under
our observation a great majority at
tribute their fall to the dance halls.
They were allowed to go unattended
and met men indiscriminately without
introduction and were led astray.
"High school boys and young men
frequent these places whose sisters
would not be permitted to go. All of
the usual evils of the dance halls are
much aggravated in war time. We ap
peal to you to close all public dance
nails and to substitute for them whole
some dances. -'
"We know that you have at heart
the welfare of the young people of
the city and we believe that if you
will encourage neighborhood dances
at community centers and ask the par
ents to go with the girls and boys
they will follow your advice.
"Many parents will become inter
ested in their children's amusements
who now allow them to go where they
please unattended. We look to you
with confidence that you will stamp
out this evil and substitute for it clean
and innocent amusement."
lision I was pinned under a seat and
unable to move. One of the soldiers.
God bless him, came in and picked me
up. He was as tender in helping me
as one would be with a child and car
ried me oat of the wrecked car.
"As I was being carried from the
car I could see' others lying on the
floor badly crushed. I only regret
that I was unable to assist those who
were more seriously injured than I."
Mrs. Brennan is a widow and the
sole support of three small children.
Her husband ditd a year ago and one
child died during the last year. She
nas been working as a nurse. At the
time of the accident she was return
ing from a visit with friends in the
north part of the city.
a passenger on the
tins- fn Omaha Association for
OF DUMA SEES NO
Schmarya Levin, Zionist Lead
er, Declares Federation is
Out of the Question; Talks
' on Palestine.
"Here I am sitting in the Fontt
nelle when 1 might be .spending a
long vacation in a Russian prison,
with my friends, Rodichev, Winnauer
and the ex-Foreign Minister Mili
ukoff. What an opportunity I
missed!" Schmarya Levin, form.r
member of the Russian Duma, smiled
a rueful smile.
Levin, a leader in world Zionist af
fairs and a writer of note, lectured
last night in the Swedish auditorium
on the British declaration in favor
of the establishment of a Jewish
homeland in Palestine.
Leaden Are One-Sided.
Levin has no optimism for the Rus
sian' situation. "The Bolsheviki have
no statesmanship and they have not
the backing of the people. Lenine,
whom I know, and Trotzky are bril
liant, highly educated men, but they
are one-sided. Their goal is social
democracy and that ideal will never
flourish in Russia. Neither was
Kerensky the ideal man to hold the;
power in Russia. Milukoff is the
man," said Levin.
The former Russian statesman is
confident that the.Russias dissolved
during the process of the revolution
will never aeain be federated.
"The coming era is one of national
ities. That s why this world war is
being fought, though few enough real
ize it. The time in the historical de
velopment of the world has reached
this point. Each nationality, no mat
ter how small, must be permitted to
maintain its own individuality and in
Millions Are Needed.
Levin will advocate - immediate
measures for the rehabilitating of
(Continued n race Two Column Five.)
Send Radio Message
From U. S. Station
To Italian Capital
Washington, Jan. 22. Direct ra
dio communication between an Ital
ian government station in Rome and
the Arlington station of the United
States navy here has been success
fully established and is being used
daily for communications passing
between the two governments and
between their diplomatic represent
atives and foreign offices.
The daily statements of the Ital
ian war office will be received by
radio from Rome and issued here
for publication in the United States.
PEOPLE AT TRIAL
OF NEGRO SMITH
Revolting Details of Nethaway
Crime Revealed in Crowded
Court Room; New Evi
Shocking details of the deeds com
mitted by the murderer upon the body
of Mrs. Claud L. Nethaway, killed
Sunday, August 26, in the railroad cut
a short distance from her homcwhile
she was on her way to meet her hus
band, were touched upon in the tes
timony of Dr. S. McCleneghan Tues
day morning in the trial of Charles
Smith, negro, accused of the crime.
Crescent-shaped finger nail marks
where the cruel claws of the murderer
had seized the naked flesh of the mur
dered woman's thighs, were discov
ered when the body was examined.
Dr. McCleneghan testified. From a
microscopic examination he said he
was unable to state the nature of the
assault other than it had been a mur
derous one. ' Her throat was gashed
with two short knift jabs, evidently
inflicted before the murderer cut her
throat causing instant death, he said.
' Testify of Robbery.
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Milgate, 5614
Blondo, testified that on returning
home Saturday night preceding the
crime they found the house had been
broken into through a window and
ransacked from cellar to attic.
The razon-keen hunting knife found
near the scene of the murder was iden
tified by them as the knife which had
been stored by John Lucas in his
trunk in the attic of their home. The
trunk was broken into, they testified,
the belt and holster belonging to the
knife beside it. The knife was miss
ing. Mrs. Milgate's rings and 50
cents in change was also stolen.
Husband in Court Room.
Mr. C. L. Nethaway, husband of
the murdered woman, and his sister,
Lulu Nethaway. listened to the testi
mony. The evidence offered 4by th
prosecut.cn; while, along tne came
lines as in the first trial in November,
was more concise. Several additional
points were picked up and definitely
fixed, particularly as to trie identifica
tion of the knife and the evidence of
Dr. McCleneghan as coroner's phy
The members of the jury will not
be allowed to return to their homes
from the time the taking of evidence
began this morning until a verdict is
In the first trial the jurors were al
lowed their freedom and their eve
nings at- home until the time they
went into the jury room to find their
verdict. They were unable to agree,
the vote standing nine to three on the
first ballot and for 42 hours after.
They were thereupon discharged and
a retrial was made necessary.
Silk Manufacturers Will
Discuss Proposed War Tax
New York, Jan. 22. Twenty-five or
more manufacturers and men inter
ested in the silk industry were in at
tendance today at the opening of a
two-day conference here with the
United States tariff commission,
called at the request of that body.
The object of the meeting was not
made public, but it is reported the dis
cussions will hinge about the subject
of a special war tax for the industry
or a xanii revision.
Chicago Grade Schools
Close for Another Week
Chicago, Jan. 22. All parochial and
nrivate trhnnU wrrr closed todav un
til next Monday, while the grade pub
lic schools, closed tor a ween ana
schedule for reopening tomorrow,
also will remain closed until next
Monday at the order of County Fuel
Administrator Raymond E. Durham,
who regards the coal situation as seri
ous enough to warrant his action.
High schools will continue to
Prophet Kills Himself
When Kaiser Refuses to Die
Paterson, N. J., Jan. 22. Having
prophesied that "the kaiser would die
January 18," and despondent because
the emperor failed to make the
prophecy good, Lombardus Muller, a
retired sea captain, killed himself by
shooting here today.
He left a note which read:
"I have been a false prophet, there
r t i : i finA
lore i nave onmcu (4l",3-
Piano Tuner Bound Over on Charge
Of Violating Espionage Act
C. C. Mickey, piano tuner, was
bound over to the federal grand jury
after a hearing before United States
Commissioner Neely on the charge of
violating the espionage act.
Mickey stated that his "city resi
dence" is at 2424 Wirt street, and his
"country place" is four miles west of
Springfield, Neb. At the latter place
he lives in a tiny shack in most primi
He was tuning a piano at the home
of Glenn B. Baglcy at Springfield one
day last week when he gave Mrs. Bag
ley a typewritten booklet of which he
is the author. Inside the booklet was
a leaflet entitled, "The Price We Pay,"
WORKERS DEMAND PEACE
AND FOOD; ANGRY MOBS
LOOT SHOPS- IN VIENNA
Count Czernin Holds Emergency Conference With Em
peror Charles. After Which Government Officials
Are Dispatched to Berlin; Desperate Shortage
of Grain and Potatoes in Bohemia.
(Ilv Associated Frvss.)
Geneva, Jan. 22. News of a reliable nature has begun to
trickle across the Swiss frontier which seemingly proves that
Austria-Hungary is in the throes of the greatest economic crisis
since the war began.
It is estimated that more than 1,000,000 workmen and wo
men have struck.
A majority of these were employed in the war industries,
and only a small section of them have returned in answer to the
bait of higher wages.
The remainder, it is said, are assuming a more threatening
attitude and daily are demanding peace"and cheaper food.
OFFERED BY U.S.
Federal Reserve Banks Will
Receive Subscriptions Until
Jan. 29; May Be Tendered
in Payment for Bonds.
Washington, Jan. 22. -Secretary
McAdoo offers for subscription at par
and accrued interest (through the
Federal Reserve banks) $400,000,000
of treasury certificates of indebted
ness,. payable, pn ApriJ 22, 1918,. with
Interest at the rate of 4 per cent from
January 22, 1918.
Subscriptions will be received at the
Federal Reserve banks. Subscrip
tion books will close at the close of
business Tuesday, January 29, 1918.
Allotments in full will be made in
the order the subscriptions are re
ceived in the several districts. Pay
ments at par and accrued interest fot
certificates allotted must be made on
or before January 29, 1918, to the
Federal Reserve bank through which
subscription may have been made.
The right is reserved to reject any
subscription and to allot less than the
amount of certificates applied for, and
to close the subscriptions at any time
The certificates will be in denomina
tions of $1,000, $5,000, $10,000, and
Exempt from Taxation.
Certificates will be exempt, prin
cipal and interest, from all taxation
now or hereafter Imposed by the
United States, any state, or any of the
possessions of the United States or by
any local taxing authority, except (a)
estate and inheritance taxes and (b)
graduated additional income taxes,
commonly known as surtaxes and ex
cess profits and war profits taxes now
or hereafter imposed by the United
States upon the income or profits of
individuals, partnerships, associations,
The interest on an amount of bonds
and certificates authorized in said act,
the principal of which does not ex
ceed in the aggregate $5,000, owned
by any individual, partnership associa
tion, or corporation shall be exempt
from the taxes provided for in clause
Upon 10 days' public notice given in
such manner as may be determined by
the ecretary of the treasury this
series of $400,000,000 may be redeemed
as a whole at par and accrued interest
on and after any date occurring be
fore maturity of the certificates set
for the payment of the first install
ment of the subscription price of any
bonds offered for subscription by the
United States hereafter and bpfore
the maturity of the certificate.
Accepted for Bonds.
Certificates of this series, whether
nr nnt railed for redcmDtion. will be
accepted at par, with adjustment of
accrued interest, it tenaerea m pay
ment on the subscription price then
payable of any such bonds subscribed
for by and allotted to holders of such
which is a seditious thing, arraigning
the supposed powers of "Wall street,"
"big business" and all the other buga
boos that are said in'some quarters to
be behind the war.
Mickey declared he didn't know
"The Price We Pay" was in the other
booklet when he gave it to Mrs. Bag
ley, but the commissioner held that
was a question for a jury to decide.
Mickey went back to the county jail
in default of. $5,000 bond.
His attorney was C. C. Porter, for
mer socia'ist candidate for governor.
Peter Mehrens, once a socialist can
didate for city commissioner, was also
GRAIN SUPPLY EXHAUSTED.
It is stated that Hungary absolutely
refuses to give cereals either to Aus
tria or to Germany and that the Rou
manian stocks of grains are exhausted.
The military situation is involved and
even endangered by the strikes which
On Sunday evening, according to a
dispatch from Berne, disorderly
scenes took place when hunger
marcrers were organized and a num-
ber of shops were looted in Vienna.
One crowd attempted to cut its way
toward the imperial palace but was
driven back by the buardj The police
were unable to handle the mobs,
which ran riot in some of the streets.
Count Czernin, the Austro-Hun-garian
foreign minister, who had re
turned from the peace parley at Brest
Litovsk, had a conference with Em
peror Charles on Monday, following
which two high officials of the foreign
office were sent to Berlin.
Radicals Make Demand. .
f " The government now has the sup
port of the more moderate socialists
in its effort to quiet the population,
but the radical wing, according to the
Munich Neueste Nachrichten, is mak
ing further demands, such as the re
lease of Dr. Friedrich Adler, who is
serving a long prison term for killing
Count Karl Stuergkh, Austrian pre
mier in October, 1916.
The food situation in Bohemia con
tinues to assume threatening propor
tions. The grain supply is whollv in
commensurate with the demand. Dur
ing a recent week 573 wagons of grain
were provided. Eight hundred and
seventy-five wagons is required to
supply the bare needs of the people.
The potato supply is so meager,
due both to the shortage of the vege
table and the lack of wagons for
transportation that the weekly potato
ration has been fixed at three pounds ...
Prague Without Sugar.
The sugar situation in Prague is
Some merchants still have old
stocks of sugar, but they will not sell
it. A pound of sugar, sold secretly,
costs 12 crowns. This price can of
course be paid only by the wealthy, i
and the poor are unable to get any
sugar. If some sweets appear in a
shop window, a crowd immediately
forms outside that shop, and the po
lice have to keep order.
Potatoes in Prague are rationed at
three pounds a week per head. That
is, 24 pounds for two months at 3d
Margarine costs two crowns per
one-half pound. Eggs are sold in
specified places at 4d each. One
household is not allowed to get
more than five eggs at a time.
Vegetables are sold as follows:
Cabbage at 6d per pound, sauerkraut
at 4d per pound, carrots at 65 per
pound, and cauliflower ft 3d per
pound. One household is not al
lowed to buy more than two to three
pounds of vegetables at a time.
These vegetables are sold only be
tween the following hours 9 a. m,
to 12 noon, and 2 p. mil to 5 p. m, ,
Cut Railway Service. "
Railway facilities on the Western
and the Francis Joseph railways have
been reduced. Ten trains have been
cancelled, and at the same time the
cost of the transportation of goods
and passengers was raised.
The official announcement read as
follows: "The transportation of all
kinds of goods will be more expen
sive, in so far as the goods will be
classified one class higher than hith-
(Continued on Page Two, Column Two.)
The old basis of com
petition was price. The
new basis is service.
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partment maintains a force
of competent ad takers to
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A phone call to Tyler
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