Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 22, 1918, Image 1
r : ; " : : 1 " VOL. XLVII NO. 187 f ' OMAHA, TUESDAY MORNING," JANUARY 22, 1918 TEN PAGES. ' "iAWA SINGLE COPY, TWO CENTS POLITICAL SITUATION IN RUSSIA ACUTE; TROOPS ON G,UARD AT PETROGRAD ..... , . . , . ' " Red Government Issues Decree Claiming That Move.Was Necessary to Protect the People; Soldiers and Workingmen Plan New Conference to Replace Constituent Assembly. BULLETINS. Amsterdam, Jan. 21. -The negotiations between the cen tral powers and the Ukrainian "pepl' republic" at Brest Litovsk fcave resulted in the an agreement on the principles of a peace treaty which is to be concludednd the war be de clared terminated, according to advices from Brest-Litovsk today. ','"' - Petrograd. Sunday, Jan. 20. A. I. Shingaroff, minister of finance in the Kerensky cabinet, and Prof. F. F. Kokoshkine, state comptroller under Kerensky, were murdered in their beds last night in the marine hospital. Russia's constituent assembly had been in existence but a few hours before it was dissolved, early Sunday by the execu tive commfttee of the congress of -workmen's and soldiers' dele gates. opnc t net? rnuTsnt. 0- It is reported it will vbe succeeded by the workmen's and soldiers' con gress, which has been supporting the Lenine government. , Dissolution came after the Bolshe viki adherents had been defeated in attempts to gain control of the as sembly through the elections. The Bolshevik! have been in control of the Russian government since the overthrow of . the Kerensky regime two months ago. Kerensky assumed the reins of government when Czar Nicholas was desposed last summer, TROOPS"ON GUARD. Bolsheviki troops now guard the deserted assembly meeting place and Premier Lenine , announces he will not permit the delegates " to reas semble. 1 Whether - the . social revolutionist majority will submit to the Bolshe viki orders without protest Jo nt yet Petrograd. Sunday, Jan. 20. The Bolsheviki government has issued i proclamation tothe people of PetrO' irrad. savinir in tiart: "Enemies of the people spread the report that revolutionary workmen and soldiers have fired on a peaceful labor demonstration. This is done for the purpose of sowing trouble in the ranks of the workers, causing excesses and inciting against the revolutionary leaders. . : Fire at Soldiers. "It has teen proven that the au thors of these rumors fired at sailors, soldiers and workmen who are keep ing order in the c ty. The central ex ecutive , committee lias opened s searching inquiry and the culprits will be tried by revolutionary tribunals." SJ The proclamation concludes by ad ' vising the people to ignore the rumors and remain calm and by assuring them mat oraer is Demg maintained oy soi diers, saihrs and workmen. Committee .Issues Decree. The decree issuet" by the central ex ecutive committee of the congress of workmen'- and soldiers' delegates dis solving the constituent assembly says that the revolution created the work men's 'and soldiers' council as the only organization able to direct the Strug gle of the exploited working classes for complete political and economical liberation. ' . " i "Therefore the revolution of No Tvember arose, giving al authority to the congress of workmen s and sol diers' delegates," the decree says. The Weather For Nebraska Fair. Temperatures at Omaha Yesterday. Hour. Des. Comparative Ixx-al Record. ' 1918. 1917. 191fl. lilt. Highest today , 29 .21 41 11 Highest yesterday ....29 11 42 . 11 lowesi yesieraay ..... .is l 21. 4 Mean temperature ....21 15 3$ g Precipitation i,- 0 .40 0 .33 Temperature and precipitation departures fivA-.ithe normal: NottAI temperature ....... '....V." ...... 20 Excess for the day 2 Total deficiency since March 1 (It Norma! precipitation 01 inch Deficiency for the day . , .01 Inch Total rainfall since March 1... .22.11 inches Deficiency since March 1 7.81 Inches Deficiency for cor. period. 1916. .12.44 Inches Deficiency for cor. period. 1916. 1.74 Inches Report From Stati-ns at 7 P. SI. Station and State Temp. High- Rata of Weatner. 7 p.m. est. tall. .00 T .00 Cheyenne, clear .(......20 26 Davenport, snow ..II Denver, clear, 24 Des Moines, 'clear. ... ..20 Dodge City, clear... .. ..26 23 24 26 30 12 28 .2-s 26 32 .00 00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .o .00 .00 Lander, clear .......... 4 North Plat. clear If Omaha, clear 24 Pueblo, clear 14 Ranld City, cloudy '.24 Salt Lake, part cloudy.. 24 Bants JTe. clear 16 ... rj Shoridap. cloudy 26' 21 Sioux City, clear 24 30 Valentine, part cloudy .'.20 . . .28 Indicates below aero. T Indicates trace of precipitation. V -L, A. WELSH. Meteorologist. t a. m 18 f . - e a. m IT 54 C T a. m 1 H k a. m 15 ft AajI I A m 15 Vi M 10 a. m.., 1 lf I' ' , ,11 a. m... 1 ftfrkJL yft I l AvJ&MVB) . 1 p- m 111 zywZfv W D 2 p- m e(r t 2 P. m 27 -c2r - 1 P. m. ........ .28 12T- 4 p. ra.. ..2t -agasw. . 6 p. m ,2a 5SSSfo - . . p. m 26 I 7 p. m.' 24 S p. m 23 TWO KERENSKY MINISTERS ARE MURDERED IN BED Bolsheviki Assassins Enter Hospital in Petrograd and Shoot Helpless Men; Promi nent Members. (By Associated Press.) ' . Petrograd, Sunday, Jan. 20. A.-1. Shingaroff, minister of finance in tile Kerensky cabinet, and :'Prof. E. F. Kokoshkine, state comptroller- under Kerensky, were murdered in their beds' last, night la ith tiiarine hos Dital. "r . M. Shingaroff and Prof. Kokosh kine were removed recently to the hospital from- the Fortress of St. Peter and St Paul because of illness. A dozen armed mert entered the hos pital and demanded that they be shown the beds of the former min isters. Prof. Kokoshkine was killed as he slept, two bullets being fired. M. Shin garoff wakened and protested. Six bulets were fired into his body. The assassins then left the hospital. M. Shingaroff and M. Kokoshkine were arrested by the bolsheviki last month, notwithstanding the fact that thev had been elected delegates to the constituent assembly and nominally! were immune from arrest. I hey were prominent members of the constitu tional democratic party, which is op posed bitterly by the bolsheviki as the representatives of the bourgeoisie. Armed Mexicans Killed By U. S. Cavalry Patrol El Paso, Tex., Jan.lSl. Two armed Mexicans were shot and killed today on the "island" opposite Fabens, Tex., 32 miles southeast of here, when the United States cavalry patrols returned rifle fire from the Mexican side of the boundary line, according to a report received at military headquarters here. -One American cavalryman' horse was shot from under him. Holds Constitution Not " ' In Force in Porto Rico Washington, tan. 21. Porto Rican decrees holding that island to be an organized incorporated territory of the United States, with , the federal constitution in full force there, were today reverted by the supreme court. Miss Florence McCabe Assumes Duties as Visiting Nurse' Chief Miss Florence V McCabe, formerly, supervisor of St Luke's hospital in Chicago, has assumed her duties as superintendent of the Omaha Visiting Nurse association. - Miss McCabe won prominence t for her work , as Red Cross executive in the Mattoon (111.) tornado. " Wc feel that the social side of our work will receive a new impetus, for Miss McCabe is a graduate of the Chicago School of Civics and Phil anthropy," said Mrs. W." J. Hynes, president of the board. "Securing Miss McCabe's services has taken us out of (he district-nursing-alone class, as a testim6nial from Miss Edna Foley, Visiting Nurse head, in Chi cago, pointed out" Miss McCabe has had special train ing and experience also in tubercular work, a department in which the local association hopes to advance its ef forts. A municipal tuberculosis nurse is one of the needs emphasized by the association. Ten nurses are on the local staff. , o Welfare Board Promises . . Surprise at Dance Tonight Board of Public Welfare, under whose auspices a community 'dance will be held tonight in the Audito rium, promises a surprise 10. STRIKE SPREADK 111 IIIATMl PEACE DEMANDS Socialists Declare Workmen Will Not Calm Down Until. Government' Promises Suc cess of Brest Negotiations. London, Jan. 21. The strike move ment is spreading throughout Austria Hungary and it is associated with demand for immediate peace, accord ing to dispatches received in London from Swiss and Dutch sources. A general strike was declared Budapest on Friday, when the entire transport system came to a standstill, while from all parts of the dual em pire strikes ana demonstrations are reported. Discuss Food Question. The food situation and the question ot peace were the sole subjects of dis cussion at the sitting of the budget committee of the 'Austrian Chamber of Deputies Friday. , The socialists, according to the dis patches, described the situation as ex tremely serious and declared that peace could not be postponed. count von loggenburg, tne miniS' ter of the interior, told the deputies that Count Czernin, the' Austrian for eign minister, and Leon Trotsky, the Russian foreign minister, exhibited many similarities, , which fact, he added, was a guarantee that the nego tiations at Brest-Litovsk would go wen. , . The socialist party of Austria has published a declaration stating that the workmen will only, calm down when the government can undertake that, it will not allow the negotiations at Brest-Litovsk to break down on the territorial question, and that' the system of food distribution will be re- urgamzcu. . NEW J0RK SUFFERS FRQMSEVERE'COLD ON HEATLESS DAY New York, Jan.- 2J.--Almost de serted streets m the downtown busi ntpa ec.tiorvnd-shippinrtfktM gave evidence today that industrial New York generally observed the first of the "heatless Mondays decreed' B tne tuei adtninistranon. s Skyscraper office buildings virtually were untenanted. Great v department stores closed their doors. Hundreds of factories and small business houses ceased operation. Street cars were run on holiday schedules. Focd stores were open, as were specially ex empted industries, but many of them operated cn a restricted basis. Theaters were allowed to remain open, but they must close tomorrow. The New York stock exchange opened for business, but without heat, and banks did business as usual. Sa loons were privileged to open until sunset on condition that they did not use either inel or light. Local fuel administrators even for bade the se of lamps, lanterns or can dies as substitutes for gas or elec tricity. Colder weather had a discouraginc effect. Ihe increasing ice menace in the harbor has held up hundreds of coal-laden barges from tidewater. Iowa Stores Will Close Early to Conserve Coal Des Moines. Ia.. Tan. 21. Curtail ment of the hours of operation of all stores in Iowa -ith certain exceptions will be ordered shortly by the State fuel administration to Conserve coal, it was announced today. Price of Petroleum Advanced 25 Points New York. Jan. 21. The Standard Oil compai.y of New York todav an nounced an advance of 25 points in re fined petroleum in cases for export. making the price 16.75 cents a gallon. MISS FLORENCE M'CABE. ! ' y ' ' 4 'A WA Y SMASHES INTO TROLLEY AT Omaha' Merchants Do Their Bit I ; ; 5w, ROOSEVELT CALLED FRIEND OF KAISER BY POLITICAL FOE Senator From Missouri Makes Bitter Attack On Former President In Speech Before Senate; Denounces Partisan Policies of Republican -Party. Washington, Jan. 21. Characterizing" former President Roosevelt as "the most potent and the "most seditious man of ator Stone, .addressing the senate today, charged that repub ican leaders are engaged in a out of the war. Their object is to "take own hands by partisan criticism of the conduct of the war." he declared. PARTISAN STRIFE. Senator Stone's address, the first of political significance made in con gress since the United States entered the war and regarded as the fore runner of bitter pa'rtisan strife, ex coriated partisanship in the war. Besides Colonel Roosevelt, the Mis souri senator named former Chairman Willcox of the republican national committee and Senator Penrose among republican leaders as his "wit nesses" to the political plot he alleged. Investigatons by congress of war operations, Senator Stone also de clared, have almost entirely been launched by republicans ani adroitly exploited for partisan purposes. ROOSEVEI T ATTACKED. Citing statements of the republican leaders regarding the political plans and editorials of Colonel Roosevelt, which he said, are "villainous screeds" published for money, Senator Stone declared: "On ray responsibility as a senator charge that since our entrance into the war Roosevelt by his attacks on the government has been a menace and obstruction to the successful prosecution of the war. t lhe only possible effect of. these widely published utterances of this man, said Senator Stone, "has been, as they were designed to be, to dis credit and bring the present govern ment into public disfavor and weaken its hold on popular confidence. That seems to be the Kooseveltian stand ard of patriotism." Denounces Former President. Similar utterances made bv less powerful citizens, Senator Stone as serted, would subject them to prose cution for disloyalty. Ut all men, the Missouri senator continued, "Roosevelt is most re sponsible for what he denounces. He does his work cunningly. Iu the front of his propaganda he throws a decep tive political camouflage. I charge that Theodore Roosevelt is the most potent agent the kaiser has. I cannot escape the belief that. FREIGHT -if .V agent the kaiser has in America" consequence in America' Sen studied effort to make politics the government over into their O : this exceptional colonel, who has played so many games of questionable politics, is now playing anoihergame of his particular brand for a very great stake." The republican plans he rited, Sen ator Stone said, have been "adroitly directed." ; "Many, if not all republican sen ators," he asserted, "are acting in manifest concert with dominant republican leaders throughout the country to make politics out of the war." Calling attention to the elections next fall of the entire house member ship and many senators, 'Mr. Stone said two years later the presidential election would follow. "Here is a chance," he proceeded, "for the dominating republicans of the country some of them, perhaps more than one of them, seeking to promote -in his immediate personal glorificationg and others acting on a larger scale to promote a party ad vantageto strike hard to turn down this administration and take the gov ernment into their own hands. That fight is on. It is being played b'efore our very eyes. "There are various elements of dis content in the" country. Their poten tiality as political equations is recog nized by all. The natural disposition of, these discontented elements will be to strike blindly at tne party mi power. Therefore, in a way. repub licans ally themselves with these dis cordant elements of unrest. Demands Accounting of Penrose. "First I present Hon. Boies Peny rose," Senator Stone continued, "who as a great leader of the foremost re publican state, very properly occu pies the front scat in the republican national Sanhedrin." Citing alleged statements of Sena tor Penrose that republican leaders were planning to demand an account ing of the conduct of the war, Sena tor Stone said that Senator Penrose's justification for his partisan outburst' (Coatlnoed on Pas Six, Columa Star.) CAR ON BEL T LINE BROKEN DRAWBAR CAUSE OF COLLISION THAT KILLS 2 MOTOR CONDUCTORS Wild Car Breaks Away From Switch Train at Twenty Fourth Street and Is Upon Motor .Without Warn-' ' ing ; Teacher in Vinton School Sustains Minor Injuries in Collision. - . The dead. . , , -:. ,'...! ' " ' ' ' ' ." : ; '? V'' JAMES HUTCHINSON, 3915 North Twenty-f if th avenue, conductor.' ....,. . - v .. JOHN J. BRADEHOFT, 3532 North Twentyighth avenue, conductor. "v .,-.. . .... Probably fatally injured; Mary Tighe, 1412 North Nineteenth itreet. The injured i C Litton, 1513 South Twenty-fifth streeL Walter Moraine, 4807 Seward street y Belle Sprague, 2567 Ames avenue. , ' Oscar Brugrfian, 1324 North Twenty-second street ., Frank Karuska, Twenty-ninth and Dupont :.' .. ,. ' Two are dead and six are injured, one probably fatally, as the result of a collision between a coal car running wild on the Missouri Pacific belt line tracks and a street car at Twenty- fourth street and the Belt Line at 5:30 this evening4. James Hutchinson and John J. Bradehoft, both street car conductors in the employ of the Omaha and Council Bluffs Street Railway company, were killed almost instantly. , Miss Mary Tighe, 1412 North Nineteenth street, passenger on the ill-fated street car, received a fractured skull and inter nal injuries and is expected to die. Frank Karuska, Twenty-ninth Vr uf weiuyniiun una isupow, wno Vi ing home from work at the water works, ffered -m , and possible internal fnjuriesv ' Oscar Br&man, 13 Twenty-second street, suffered may have internal injuries. 4 , ' Miss Tighe, Karuska and Drugeman were all taken to thai, Swedish Mission hospital where it U reported Miss Tighe prob ably will die but that Karuska and Drugeman will recover. - Miss Belle Sprague, 2567 Ames avenue, teacher at the Vin ton school, suffered minor injuries and was taken to her home. Walter Moraine, 4807 Seward street, also was badly hurt C. Litton, 1513 South Twenty.fifth street, switchman, was injured when He attempted to check the charge of the wild coal car. He flipped the car aS it sailed past, climbed to the top and made a desperate attempt to apply the hand brake. The car, however, had gained too much momentum and Litton found it impossible to stop it He jumped from the flying car just be fore it crashed into the street car and suffered a broken leg and arm. ' . 1 ' V . -1 ' ;; v . The coal car broke loose from a switch train at Forty-fifth and Hamilton streets.' The grade along the belt line is about 2 per cent and the car soon gained a speed of 40 miles an hour ' as it plunged over the rails. '' : O The car was upon the ill-fated street GERM ANS LOSE 16 AIRPLANES WHEN ALLIES ATTACK I ' (Br Associated Press.) Sixteen German - airplanes were brought down Saturday in France, by French and British airmen. Entente warships have bombarded Ostend, one of the important German sub- marine bases on the Belgian coast. ' Increased artillery and aerial ac tivity on the western front has been accompanied by more frequent raids by both sides. Therl have been no attacks , in force, however, and there is little to indicate any serious break in the winter inactivity. ' - On the Italian front there has been only artillery fighting, most marked in the Monte Aselone sector and along the Piave. London, Jan. 21. The night passed quietly, the war office reports. "We captured a few prisoners in patrol en counters. r , Publisher of German Papers Jailed in South Dakota Aberdeen, S. D., Jan. 21. (Special.) Fred W. Sallet, publisher of the Dakota Freie Presse and the Nieu Deutsche Freie Presse. two German language weekly newspapers, Is in the Brown county jail, awaiting a hearing on a charge of violation the espionage act by publishing disloyal statements on his papers, and by Aling ialse translations of articles from his pa pers with the postmaster at Aber deen. He was held without bail, and -fnewspaper reporters were not permit ted to see him, pending a hearing be fore a United States commissioner. ' Kansas City Police Raid I. W. W. Club Rooms Kansas City. Mo.. Tan. 21. The police and federal authorities yester day raided the club rooms of the Group of Free Russia in Kansas City, Kan., and arrested 61 men, nearly all of draft aire. Books, papers and a quantity of Industrial Workers of the .World literature were-seized. CROSSING and Dupont, who was return brokejt leg , 1324 North' severe cuts about the head and car before its crew was aware of It The street car was traveling south on Twenty-fourth ""street t the time and contained but a few passengers. Conductor Bradehoft was in charge of the car at the time. Conductor Hutchinson was a passenger on the car, going home from work. O. T. Kaschke was foreman of the switch crew which had charge of the train. He said the drawbar broke and that the air coupling also broke at the same time. He telephoned down the line, he said, when he saw th? car was beyond control, so that an effort could be made to check its wild flight. Wall Street Accepts "Cold" Monday Good Natunedly New York, Jan. 21. Wall street entered upon its first heatlesi Mon day with the utmost good nature. Elevator service and hghr'ng were greatly curtailed irt all the big office buildings, the reductions In' some in stances leaving the main corridors in darkness. On the stock exchange, where the market opened with a firm undertone, the attendance of members was much reduced and many of thos who ap peared wore overcoats , or jersey, sweaters under their outer garments.' The First 20 Days In January t The Bee Leads In Total Display Advertising ; Here Are the Figures By Inches (Haynea Adv. Co. Measurements) , Bee .17,146: World-H.r.Id ........ .17,121 ' New ..,,..16,523 . Keep Your Eye On The Bee Improving Every Day -14..