Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 22, 1918)
r : ; " : : 1 "
VOL. XLVII NO. 187 f ' OMAHA, TUESDAY MORNING," JANUARY 22, 1918 TEN PAGES. ' "iAWA SINGLE COPY, TWO CENTS
POLITICAL SITUATION IN
RUSSIA ACUTE; TROOPS ON
G,UARD AT PETROGRAD
..... , . . , . ' "
Red Government Issues Decree Claiming That Move.Was
Necessary to Protect the People; Soldiers and
Workingmen Plan New Conference to
Replace Constituent Assembly.
Amsterdam, Jan. 21. -The negotiations between the cen
tral powers and the Ukrainian "pepl' republic" at Brest
Litovsk fcave resulted in the an agreement on the principles of
a peace treaty which is to be concludednd the war be de
clared terminated, according to advices from Brest-Litovsk
today. ','"' -
Petrograd. Sunday, Jan. 20. A. I. Shingaroff, minister of
finance in the Kerensky cabinet, and Prof. F. F. Kokoshkine,
state comptroller under Kerensky, were murdered in their beds
last night in the marine hospital.
Russia's constituent assembly had been in existence but a
few hours before it was dissolved, early Sunday by the execu
tive commfttee of the congress of -workmen's and soldiers' dele
opnc t net? rnuTsnt. 0-
It is reported it will vbe succeeded
by the workmen's and soldiers' con
gress, which has been supporting the
Lenine government. ,
Dissolution came after the Bolshe
viki adherents had been defeated in
attempts to gain control of the as
sembly through the elections.
The Bolshevik! have been in control
of the Russian government since the
overthrow of . the Kerensky regime
two months ago. Kerensky assumed
the reins of government when Czar
Nicholas was desposed last summer,
Bolsheviki troops now guard the
deserted assembly meeting place and
Premier Lenine , announces he will
not permit the delegates " to reas
Whether - the . social revolutionist
majority will submit to the Bolshe
viki orders without protest Jo nt yet
Petrograd. Sunday, Jan. 20. The
Bolsheviki government has issued i
proclamation tothe people of PetrO'
irrad. savinir in tiart:
"Enemies of the people spread the
report that revolutionary workmen
and soldiers have fired on a peaceful
labor demonstration. This is done for
the purpose of sowing trouble in the
ranks of the workers, causing excesses
and inciting against the revolutionary
leaders. . :
Fire at Soldiers.
"It has teen proven that the au
thors of these rumors fired at sailors,
soldiers and workmen who are keep
ing order in the c ty. The central ex
ecutive , committee lias opened s
searching inquiry and the culprits will
be tried by revolutionary tribunals."
SJ The proclamation concludes by ad
' vising the people to ignore the rumors
and remain calm and by assuring them
mat oraer is Demg maintained oy soi
diers, saihrs and workmen.
Committee .Issues Decree.
The decree issuet" by the central ex
ecutive committee of the congress of
workmen'- and soldiers' delegates dis
solving the constituent assembly says
that the revolution created the work
men's 'and soldiers' council as the only
organization able to direct the Strug
gle of the exploited working classes
for complete political and economical
liberation. ' . "
i "Therefore the revolution of No
Tvember arose, giving al authority to
the congress of workmen s and sol
diers' delegates," the decree says.
For Nebraska Fair.
Temperatures at Omaha Yesterday.
Comparative Ixx-al Record. '
1918. 1917. 191fl. lilt.
Highest today , 29 .21 41 11
Highest yesterday ....29 11 42 . 11
lowesi yesieraay ..... .is l 21. 4
Mean temperature ....21 15 3$ g
Precipitation i,- 0 .40 0 .33
Temperature and precipitation departures
NottAI temperature ....... '....V." ...... 20
Excess for the day 2
Total deficiency since March 1 (It
Norma! precipitation 01 inch
Deficiency for the day . , .01 Inch
Total rainfall since March 1... .22.11 inches
Deficiency since March 1 7.81 Inches
Deficiency for cor. period. 1916. .12.44 Inches
Deficiency for cor. period. 1916. 1.74 Inches
Report From Stati-ns at 7 P. SI.
Station and State Temp. High- Rata
of Weatner. 7 p.m. est.
Cheyenne, clear .(......20
Davenport, snow ..II
Denver, clear, 24
Des Moines, 'clear. ... ..20
Dodge City, clear... .. ..26
Lander, clear .......... 4
North Plat. clear If
Omaha, clear 24
Pueblo, clear 14
Ranld City, cloudy '.24
Salt Lake, part cloudy.. 24
Bants JTe. clear 16 ... rj
Shoridap. cloudy 26' 21
Sioux City, clear 24 30
Valentine, part cloudy .'.20 . . .28
Indicates below aero.
T Indicates trace of precipitation. V -L,
A. WELSH. Meteorologist.
t a. m 18
f . - e a. m IT
54 C T a. m 1
H k a. m 15
ft AajI I A m 15
Vi M 10 a. m.., 1
lf I' ' , ,11 a. m... 1
ftfrkJL yft I l
AvJ&MVB) . 1 p- m 111
zywZfv W D 2 p- m
e(r t 2 P. m 27
-c2r - 1 P. m. ........ .28
12T- 4 p. ra.. ..2t
-agasw. . 6 p. m ,2a
5SSSfo - . . p. m 26
I 7 p. m.' 24
S p. m 23
MURDERED IN BED
Bolsheviki Assassins Enter
Hospital in Petrograd and
Shoot Helpless Men; Promi
(By Associated Press.) ' .
Petrograd, Sunday, Jan. 20. A.-1.
Shingaroff, minister of finance in tile
Kerensky cabinet, and :'Prof. E. F.
Kokoshkine, state comptroller- under
Kerensky, were murdered in their
beds' last, night la ith tiiarine hos
Dital. "r .
M. Shingaroff and Prof. Kokosh
kine were removed recently to the
hospital from- the Fortress of St.
Peter and St Paul because of illness.
A dozen armed mert entered the hos
pital and demanded that they be
shown the beds of the former min
isters. Prof. Kokoshkine was killed as he
slept, two bullets being fired. M. Shin
garoff wakened and protested. Six
bulets were fired into his body. The
assassins then left the hospital.
M. Shingaroff and M. Kokoshkine
were arrested by the bolsheviki last
month, notwithstanding the fact that
thev had been elected delegates to the
constituent assembly and nominally!
were immune from arrest. I hey were
prominent members of the constitu
tional democratic party, which is op
posed bitterly by the bolsheviki as
the representatives of the bourgeoisie.
Armed Mexicans Killed
By U. S. Cavalry Patrol
El Paso, Tex., Jan.lSl. Two armed
Mexicans were shot and killed today
on the "island" opposite Fabens, Tex.,
32 miles southeast of here, when the
United States cavalry patrols returned
rifle fire from the Mexican side of the
boundary line, according to a report
received at military headquarters here.
-One American cavalryman' horse
was shot from under him.
Holds Constitution Not "
' In Force in Porto Rico
Washington, tan. 21. Porto Rican
decrees holding that island to be an
organized incorporated territory of
the United States, with , the federal
constitution in full force there, were
today reverted by the supreme court.
Miss Florence McCabe Assumes
Duties as Visiting Nurse' Chief
Miss Florence V McCabe, formerly,
supervisor of St Luke's hospital in
Chicago, has assumed her duties as
superintendent of the Omaha Visiting
Nurse association. - Miss McCabe won
prominence t for her work , as Red
Cross executive in the Mattoon (111.)
" Wc feel that the social side of our
work will receive a new impetus, for
Miss McCabe is a graduate of the
Chicago School of Civics and Phil
anthropy," said Mrs. W." J. Hynes,
president of the board. "Securing
Miss McCabe's services has taken us
out of (he district-nursing-alone class,
as a testim6nial from Miss Edna
Foley, Visiting Nurse head, in Chi
cago, pointed out"
Miss McCabe has had special train
ing and experience also in tubercular
work, a department in which the local
association hopes to advance its ef
forts. A municipal tuberculosis nurse
is one of the needs emphasized by the
Ten nurses are on the local staff.
Welfare Board Promises
. . Surprise at Dance Tonight
Board of Public Welfare, under
whose auspices a community 'dance
will be held tonight in the Audito
rium, promises a surprise 10.
Socialists Declare Workmen
Will Not Calm Down Until.
Government' Promises Suc
cess of Brest Negotiations.
London, Jan. 21. The strike move
ment is spreading throughout Austria
Hungary and it is associated with
demand for immediate peace, accord
ing to dispatches received in London
from Swiss and Dutch sources.
A general strike was declared
Budapest on Friday, when the entire
transport system came to a standstill,
while from all parts of the dual em
pire strikes ana demonstrations are
Discuss Food Question.
The food situation and the question
ot peace were the sole subjects of dis
cussion at the sitting of the budget
committee of the 'Austrian Chamber
of Deputies Friday. ,
The socialists, according to the dis
patches, described the situation as ex
tremely serious and declared that
peace could not be postponed.
count von loggenburg, tne miniS'
ter of the interior, told the deputies
that Count Czernin, the' Austrian for
eign minister, and Leon Trotsky, the
Russian foreign minister, exhibited
many similarities, , which fact, he
added, was a guarantee that the nego
tiations at Brest-Litovsk would go
wen. , .
The socialist party of Austria has
published a declaration stating that
the workmen will only, calm down
when the government can undertake
that, it will not allow the negotiations
at Brest-Litovsk to break down on
the territorial question, and that' the
system of food distribution will be re-
NEW J0RK SUFFERS
ON HEATLESS DAY
New York, Jan.- 2J.--Almost de
serted streets m the downtown busi
gave evidence today that industrial
New York generally observed the first
of the "heatless Mondays decreed' B
tne tuei adtninistranon. s
Skyscraper office buildings virtually
were untenanted. Great v department
stores closed their doors. Hundreds
of factories and small business houses
ceased operation. Street cars were
run on holiday schedules. Focd
stores were open, as were specially ex
empted industries, but many of them
operated cn a restricted basis.
Theaters were allowed to remain
open, but they must close tomorrow.
The New York stock exchange
opened for business, but without heat,
and banks did business as usual. Sa
loons were privileged to open until
sunset on condition that they did not
use either inel or light.
Local fuel administrators even for
bade the se of lamps, lanterns or can
dies as substitutes for gas or elec
Colder weather had a discouraginc
effect. Ihe increasing ice menace in
the harbor has held up hundreds of
coal-laden barges from tidewater.
Iowa Stores Will Close
Early to Conserve Coal
Des Moines. Ia.. Tan. 21. Curtail
ment of the hours of operation of all
stores in Iowa -ith certain exceptions
will be ordered shortly by the State
fuel administration to Conserve coal,
it was announced today.
Price of Petroleum
Advanced 25 Points
New York. Jan. 21. The Standard
Oil compai.y of New York todav an
nounced an advance of 25 points in re
fined petroleum in cases for export.
making the price 16.75 cents a gallon.
MISS FLORENCE M'CABE.
! ' y ' ' 4
'A WA Y
SMASHES INTO TROLLEY AT
Omaha' Merchants Do Their Bit
I ; ; 5w,
FRIEND OF KAISER
BY POLITICAL FOE
Senator From Missouri Makes Bitter Attack On Former
President In Speech Before Senate; Denounces
Partisan Policies of Republican -Party.
Washington, Jan. 21. Characterizing" former President
Roosevelt as "the most potent
and the "most seditious man of
ator Stone, .addressing the senate today, charged that repub
ican leaders are engaged in a
out of the war.
Their object is to "take
own hands by partisan criticism of the conduct of the war."
Senator Stone's address, the first
of political significance made in con
gress since the United States entered
the war and regarded as the fore
runner of bitter pa'rtisan strife, ex
coriated partisanship in the war.
Besides Colonel Roosevelt, the Mis
souri senator named former Chairman
Willcox of the republican national
committee and Senator Penrose
among republican leaders as his "wit
nesses" to the political plot he alleged.
Investigatons by congress of war
operations, Senator Stone also de
clared, have almost entirely been
launched by republicans ani adroitly
exploited for partisan purposes.
ROOSEVEI T ATTACKED.
Citing statements of the republican
leaders regarding the political plans
and editorials of Colonel Roosevelt,
which he said, are "villainous screeds"
published for money, Senator Stone
"On ray responsibility as a senator
charge that since our entrance into
the war Roosevelt by his attacks on
the government has been a menace
and obstruction to the successful
prosecution of the war. t
lhe only possible effect of. these
widely published utterances of this
man, said Senator Stone, "has been,
as they were designed to be, to dis
credit and bring the present govern
ment into public disfavor and weaken
its hold on popular confidence. That
seems to be the Kooseveltian stand
ard of patriotism."
Denounces Former President.
Similar utterances made bv less
powerful citizens, Senator Stone as
serted, would subject them to prose
cution for disloyalty.
Ut all men, the Missouri senator
continued, "Roosevelt is most re
sponsible for what he denounces. He
does his work cunningly. Iu the front
of his propaganda he throws a decep
tive political camouflage. I charge
that Theodore Roosevelt is the most
potent agent the kaiser has.
I cannot escape the belief that.
agent the kaiser has in America"
consequence in America' Sen
studied effort to make politics
the government over into their
this exceptional colonel, who has
played so many games of questionable
politics, is now playing anoihergame
of his particular brand for a very
The republican plans he rited, Sen
ator Stone said, have been "adroitly
"Many, if not all republican sen
ators," he asserted, "are acting in
manifest concert with dominant
republican leaders throughout the
country to make politics out of the
Calling attention to the elections
next fall of the entire house member
ship and many senators, 'Mr. Stone
said two years later the presidential
election would follow.
"Here is a chance," he proceeded,
"for the dominating republicans of
the country some of them, perhaps
more than one of them, seeking to
promote -in his immediate personal
glorificationg and others acting on a
larger scale to promote a party ad
vantageto strike hard to turn down
this administration and take the gov
ernment into their own hands. That
fight is on. It is being played b'efore
our very eyes.
"There are various elements of dis
content in the" country. Their poten
tiality as political equations is recog
nized by all. The natural disposition
of, these discontented elements will
be to strike blindly at tne party mi
power. Therefore, in a way. repub
licans ally themselves with these dis
cordant elements of unrest.
Demands Accounting of Penrose.
"First I present Hon. Boies Peny
rose," Senator Stone continued, "who
as a great leader of the foremost re
publican state, very properly occu
pies the front scat in the republican
Citing alleged statements of Sena
tor Penrose that republican leaders
were planning to demand an account
ing of the conduct of the war, Sena
tor Stone said that Senator Penrose's
justification for his partisan outburst'
(Coatlnoed on Pas Six, Columa Star.)
CAR ON BEL T LINE
BROKEN DRAWBAR CAUSE
OF COLLISION THAT KILLS
2 MOTOR CONDUCTORS
Wild Car Breaks Away From Switch Train at Twenty
Fourth Street and Is Upon Motor .Without Warn-' '
ing ; Teacher in Vinton School Sustains Minor
Injuries in Collision. - .
The dead. . , , -:. ,'...! ' " ' ' ' ' ." : ; '? V''
JAMES HUTCHINSON, 3915 North Twenty-f if th avenue,
conductor.' ....,. . - v ..
JOHN J. BRADEHOFT, 3532 North Twentyighth avenue,
conductor. "v .,-.. . ....
Probably fatally injured;
Mary Tighe, 1412 North Nineteenth itreet.
The injured i
C Litton, 1513 South Twenty-fifth streeL
Walter Moraine, 4807 Seward street y
Belle Sprague, 2567 Ames avenue. , '
Oscar Brugrfian, 1324 North Twenty-second street .,
Frank Karuska, Twenty-ninth and Dupont
:.' .. ,. '
Two are dead and six are injured, one probably fatally, as
the result of a collision between a coal car running wild on the
Missouri Pacific belt line tracks and a street car at Twenty-
fourth street and the Belt Line at 5:30 this evening4.
James Hutchinson and John J. Bradehoft, both street car
conductors in the employ of the Omaha and Council Bluffs
Street Railway company, were killed almost instantly. ,
Miss Mary Tighe, 1412 North Nineteenth street, passenger
on the ill-fated street car, received a fractured skull and inter
nal injuries and is expected to die.
Frank Karuska, Twenty-ninth
Vr uf weiuyniiun una isupow, wno Vi
ing home from work at the water works, ffered -m ,
and possible internal fnjuriesv ' Oscar Br&man, 13
Twenty-second street, suffered
may have internal injuries. 4 , '
Miss Tighe, Karuska and Drugeman were all taken to thai,
Swedish Mission hospital where it U reported Miss Tighe prob
ably will die but that Karuska and Drugeman will recover.
- Miss Belle Sprague, 2567 Ames avenue, teacher at the Vin
ton school, suffered minor injuries and was taken to her home.
Walter Moraine, 4807 Seward street, also was badly hurt
C. Litton, 1513 South Twenty.fifth street, switchman, was
injured when He attempted to check the charge of the wild coal
car. He flipped the car aS it sailed past, climbed to the top and
made a desperate attempt to apply the hand brake. The car,
however, had gained too much momentum and Litton found it
impossible to stop it He jumped from the flying car just be
fore it crashed into the street car and suffered a broken leg and
arm. ' . 1 ' V . -1 ' ;; v .
The coal car broke loose from a switch train at Forty-fifth
and Hamilton streets.' The grade along the belt line is about 2
per cent and the car soon gained a speed of 40 miles an hour '
as it plunged over the rails.
'' : O The car was upon the ill-fated street
GERM ANS LOSE 16
I ' (Br Associated Press.)
Sixteen German - airplanes were
brought down Saturday in France, by
French and British airmen. Entente
warships have bombarded Ostend,
one of the important German sub-
marine bases on the Belgian coast. '
Increased artillery and aerial ac
tivity on the western front has been
accompanied by more frequent raids
by both sides.
Therl have been no attacks , in
force, however, and there is little
to indicate any serious break in the
winter inactivity. ' -
On the Italian front there has been
only artillery fighting, most marked
in the Monte Aselone sector and
along the Piave.
London, Jan. 21. The night passed
quietly, the war office reports. "We
captured a few prisoners in patrol en
counters. r ,
Publisher of German Papers
Jailed in South Dakota
Aberdeen, S. D., Jan. 21. (Special.)
Fred W. Sallet, publisher of the
Dakota Freie Presse and the Nieu
Deutsche Freie Presse. two German
language weekly newspapers, Is in the
Brown county jail, awaiting a hearing
on a charge of violation the espionage
act by publishing disloyal statements
on his papers, and by Aling ialse
translations of articles from his pa
pers with the postmaster at Aber
deen. He was held without bail, and
-fnewspaper reporters were not permit
ted to see him, pending a hearing be
fore a United States commissioner. '
Kansas City Police Raid
I. W. W. Club Rooms
Kansas City. Mo.. Tan. 21. The
police and federal authorities yester
day raided the club rooms of the
Group of Free Russia in Kansas City,
Kan., and arrested 61 men, nearly all
of draft aire. Books, papers and a
quantity of Industrial Workers of the
.World literature were-seized.
and Dupont, who was return
brokejt leg ,
severe cuts about the head and
car before its crew was aware of It
The street car was traveling south
on Twenty-fourth ""street t the time
and contained but a few passengers.
Conductor Bradehoft was in charge
of the car at the time. Conductor
Hutchinson was a passenger on the
car, going home from work.
O. T. Kaschke was foreman of the
switch crew which had charge of the
train. He said the drawbar broke and
that the air coupling also broke at
the same time. He telephoned down
the line, he said, when he saw th? car
was beyond control, so that an effort
could be made to check its wild flight.
Wall Street Accepts "Cold"
Monday Good Natunedly
New York, Jan. 21. Wall street
entered upon its first heatlesi Mon
day with the utmost good nature.
Elevator service and hghr'ng were
greatly curtailed irt all the big office
buildings, the reductions In' some in
stances leaving the main corridors in
On the stock exchange, where the
market opened with a firm undertone,
the attendance of members was much
reduced and many of thos who ap
peared wore overcoats , or jersey,
sweaters under their outer garments.'
The First 20 Days
In January t
The Bee Leads
In Total Display
Here Are the Figures By Inches
(Haynea Adv. Co. Measurements) ,
World-H.r.Id ........ .17,121 '
New ..,,..16,523 .
Keep Your Eye On The Bee
Improving Every Day -14..
Powered by Open ONI