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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 11, 1918)
VOL. XLVII.-NO. 178.
OMAHA, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 11, 1918. TWELVE PAGES.
On Tralai. t HottU.
Ntwi Standi, Ett,, Si,
i SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS
' " XV .. I '
1 , . .
: : . 1
. . '
l&AISEM ' 1REAPY FOR PEACE.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY
BILL PASSES BY
I . '
Speaker Clark Announces Triumph of Woman's Cause
at 7:10 O'Clock After Recapitulation Shows Un
mistakable Victory By Vote of 274 to 136
Now Gees to Senate. .
laking of Oil!-
. (By Associated Firfsn.)
y ' Washington, D, C, Jan. 10 The resolution for submission
to the states bf a woman suffrage amendment to the federal
constitution, was passecT tonight by the house. It now goes to
the senate. .'
The vote was so close Representative Saunders of Virginia
demanded a recapitulation. V if
The .vote as announced by Speaker Clark at 7:10 o'clock,
after recapitulation was 274 for and 136 against the resolution.
General debate on the woman suffrage amendment reso
lution closed in the house at 5 p. m., and the bill was read for
. Republican Leader Mann, brought from a Baltimore hos
pital, where he has been for weeks, aroused a demonstration
y his unexpected appearance to vote.
PLEADS STATE'S RIGHT. U
Reoresentative Heflin Alahama
begged ongress not to take away thej
yuwci ui me suues over a state ques
tion. He declared the people in the
Bouth have a problem of suffrage to
work out that the other sections do
Representative Decker, Missouri,
said that he, like Heflin, believed in
states' right, but he believed in the
fundamental right of three-fourths of
the states to decide this question un
der the amendment.
Representatives Gard, Ohio, Sladen
and Mansfield, Texas, and Saunder,
Virginia, opposed federal action, and
Representatives Fees, Ohio; Chandler,
New York, and Norton, North Da
kota, spoke for it. .
firing one ot the hnal shots ot the
opposition, Representative Meeken,
republican Missouri, deprecated talk
of political expendiencv. "Of the two
f presidential candidates last year," he
said,' "Mr. Hughes of New York, the
republican .. candidate,, ; proposed, a
woman suffrage amendment and every
suffrage i state went - against - him;
Presjd'ent Wilson, who was demd
cratic candidate, passed out the word
that he kept the country out of war.
If hehad 'depended oh. the suffrage
vote, Germany wmild be here todty."
; ' Denounces Picketing.
' Mr. Meeker denounced the White
House picketing by woman's party
suffragists, who he said, broke into
jail and did not want equal treatment
there and were lionied when they
came out. .He was hissedfrom the
galleries as'he said: "They say they
won't raise babies if they can't hove
the vote. ,.
Representative Lunn of New York,
-resented the suggestion" that if every
thing depneded on" the suffrage states
Germany would'be at he nation's
T' doors. He said the women are loyal
and America could never win a war in
which the women were not loyal.
Representative Kearns, Ohio; EU11
of Wisconsin, and Barkley of Ken
tucky urged adoption of the resolu
Antis Take Hope.
As the debate on suffrage wore on
the antis see'med tcube getting up
fresh courage-over a new poll of the
house. Some of the leaders of the op
position declared that on a basis of 408
members present, they thought they
had a chance to beat the resolution for
four or five votes. The suffragists,
however, were little dismayed ad, re
Representative Gray of New Jersey,
opposing the resolution, recalled that
Miss Rankin, when,, congress voted
for war on Germanysaid:
"I love my country, but I cannot
vote for war."
' Women Should Rear Children.
"How would you. like- to have con
gress made up of a majority of wo
men before the war is over?" he. de
manded. "The function of women
should be the rearing of children."
For the anti-sutfragists, Represen
tative Clark of Florida, democrat, an-
' nounced he purposed offering an
amendment providing for conventions
in the' different states for the express
purpose of passing on the amendment.
Representative Taylor of Colorado,
who urged the resolution, said he
wished the opponents of suffrage
could have been with the congression
al pajty on its recent visit to the
" European battle fronts, where woman
are doing the drudgery usually per
formed by men. ' , -,
v "Woman suffrage is here and here to
fstay," declared Representative Gal
lagher, Illinois, "and the only ques
tion we need concern ourselves with
is what we are going to do .with it.'
State's Rights. V
Representative' Tread way, Massa
(Contlnued on Paje Two, Column Two.)
"I'm Sure We'JI Carry the
' Senate, With Wilson an Open
Champion," Declares Mrs. v
"We're going to win this time, at
least. With President Wilson an open
champion and a victory in the house,
fni. sure we'll tarry- the states," was
the jubilant exclamation of Mrs.
Draper. Smith, ex-president of the Ne
braska -Woman -Suffrage "association,
when informed by The Be,e of the re
sult of the vote. :
. "Our biggest hope now is that Sen
ator Hitchcock will vote "Yes" when
the federal amendment comes up in
the , senate. Personally; I think he
will. My! Myl Glory Hallelujah,"
and exclamations of surprise and joy
mingled themselves in her throat..
Mrs. D. G. Craighead.
Mrs. H. C. S
Richardson. Mis Mnna - Cn-areH onrl
other leaders in the suffrage work of
the community, rejoiced similarly,
Mrs. iieorgev. Lovell, pioneer
Suffrage and JpmnMni-o nrnrl..
feels double cause for jubilation on
ootn victories in the present session
things are suddenly coming our
way. But I don't see how American
men could do otherwise," she said.
, Suffraeists eacerlv awnit the rep.
' ord of Congressman Lobeck's vote.
Mffre than 150 personal telegrams-beside
numerous ones from labor
unions, the Farmers "Union and the
Swedish Noon-day club as well as
women's organizations ' flooded the
congressman from this district yes
terday. HOOVER'S AIDE TO
BE DIRECTOR OF
U. S. OIL BUREAU
GERM ANS ASK SWEDEN '
TV INTERCEDE WI TH
VICTIM TO STAY
FOR COURT CASE
Fort Omaha Soldier . Will Be
Left ' Behind Wherv- Third
Balloon Squadron Leaves
IN FEOST KING'S
BULLETIN. " :
, Petrograd, Wednesday, Jan. 9. The German delegations in Petrograd arere
ported by the Evening Post to have gotteji in touch with the, Swedish legation
here and to have expressed the desire that Sweden act as a go-between with Great
Britain, France and Italy. - , - -
Germany plans to conclude peace with the entente powers, according to this
United States is not mentioned in the purposed negotiations. ' :
Washington, Jan. 10. Marjs L.
Requa of Oakland, CaL, was toctay ap
pointed head of the newly formed
oil di vision of the fuel administration,
which will handle government con
trol of oil. The first work will be an
investigation of the entire" petroleum
It is understood that the govern
ment's plans are not fully matured
and will not be until the new ap
pointee v makes an investigation.
Licensing of the oil industry from
the wells to the wholesaler is contem
plated. The fuel administration, it is un
derstood, has not decided yet how far
it will go in controlling the oil.
The fqod control bill, although it
does not, give authority to fix oil
prices outright as in the case of coal
and coke, empowers the government
to institute a licensing system.
It is probable that the subject of
how far control will be exercised will
be left largely in the hands of Mr.
Requa, a minftig engineer and an oil
Mary Juanita Pratt, 19-year-old girl
whose strain of Spanish blood Janded
her in jail Thursday on the complaint
of army officers on a charge of
"vamping" a Fort Omaha soldier into
a . marriage ceremony December 22,
when she was already the wife of
William A. George, threatened to take
her own life before she was arrested,
according to T. E. Dunbar. j
Dunbar, attornev fnr William A
George,Nier first husband, filed a peti
tion for dw-orce in district court set
ting out the fraudulent marriage.
George was willing io get his divorce
quietly and let his girl-wife live with
her new fancy, but military authori
Eterna Triangle Meets. '
George says Private Frederick J.
Rayome knew that his wife had an
(Contlnned on Pae Two, Column Three.)
Preceded by Llgty Snovy,x Tern
perature Falls to 'Five De
grees Below Zero and Is
Lofldon, Jan. 10. "The hostile ar
tillery has shown slight activity in the
neighborhood of GbnnelieA (south
west of Cambrai)," the war office an
nounces. "Otherwise there is nothing
MUST JOIN CONFERENCE.
London, Jan. 10. The Russian gov
ernment has refused Turkey's offer
of a. separate peace and has informed
that country that it must participate
in the general conference.
LOSS OF SHIPPING.
London, Jan. 10. British merchant
men lost during the last week equal
the loss of the previous week, when
18 of more than 1.600 tons and three
of less than that tonnage were sunk
Dy suomannes or mines.- The French
report the loss of one merchantman,
as compared with nine the previous
Three Taxi Drivers With Autos "'
Full of Booze Caught by U. S.
THREE KILLED IN
'. EARLY MORNING
!' Three Sioux City taxicab drivers
j were arrested by United States Spe
i Cial Officers Gumm, Ljenner. and Gar
! ner near Winnebago, Neb., Wednes
day night. ' - - .
I Thev are Toe -Smith ViVt T. Pi.-h
and Ferris Skaff. Thev had rarcs
. t , l.oJifluqr. in .their machines. The ma-
, Austin, lex., jan. JU.--inree per-; chines, all fine Peerless eights, werd
sons were Kiiea ana j l injured at Z:IU confiscated by the government and
o'clock this morning in rear-end col-.will be sold., '
lision between two sections" of the! The three taxi drivers ' are ' in jail
Katy flyer at Granger, about 40 miles at Winnebago. Deputy United States
. northeast of here, First reports Attorney Saxto'n' has' filed complaints
placed the number of dead at 16. but against them on two charges; first
this, later was denied by officials of i violation of the Reed amendment in
the road after an investigation. bringing liquor into a prohibition
state, and, second, introducing liquor
on an Indian, reservation. Libel1 pro
ceedings will also be started for con
fiscation of the carj. The Reed amend
ment -provides for the latter pro
cedure. A' car captured j at Winne
bago ki the liquor trafnc was sold
only about six weeks ago y
A big army wagon, drawn by four
mules, stopped at the federal building
and, under direction of United States
Marshal Flynn, 3,500 pints of whisky
were loaded on it. This is the "bQoze"
captured by federal officers in the last
few weeks. It was turne'd over to the
military authorities fnr incHirinal no
Uud Ukeu to Fori Crouk.
Zero weather has come again and
is iiKeiy to make umana s ears twigle
for several days. Thursday afternoon
the temperature fell steadily until it
reached five degrees below zero at
o o clock and was still falling at a
late hour. The snow blew all day and
curing tne torenoon thex drop was
scarcely noticeable, but as the wind
k a i ... 1. 1 . i . tt: . i i 1
uti-nuic aimipti aim. me onzzaxa drew
nearer in mid-afternoon the snow
flakes were turned into ice particles
ana gradually ceased.
llie snowfall in Omaha ivic nnt
heavy Plough greatly to hinder traf
fic, Imt the growing intensity ,of the
cold soon sent the wayfarers indoors.
Cold Over State.
it was very cold vesterdav over
a large part of the counVy. Omaha
was about the warmest place in the
state. . , ,
Temperatures' were below zero in
central and western Nebraska and
Colorado and Wyoming. Valentine.
Neb., reported 6 below; Cheyenne,
wyo., u oeiow. in .North Dakota
there were temperatures of 26 below,
and in Canada they ,were still lower.
Storm Ouite Extensive.
. Snow extended over nearlw all tlin
plains states, lake recinns nnH nhin
valley. It was snowing this morning
nujnirac iruiu oouin uaKota -to
Texas with extreme rnlH Tllitinic mil
northern Missouri are already cov-
Vi-u nun iiccivy snows.
The snow.it is pointed out, is just
the thing needed by the crops, both
for the moisture it gives and for the
protection against cold that it af-
Sees No Letup.
The weather bureau sees no letup
Hi me coia lor several days.
Snow and wind interfered with tra
fie and caused many workers to walk
IO WOrK in th trinrnintr i rnectnum
Street cars were stonnerl rlnrina (It
Coal waeon teams struecled alone
and motor trucks -were not moving
witn much sDeed.
The Storm is said to he ccmnertpA
with the general disturbance which
has prevailed for several days over
a wide area.
Snow in State.
At 8 o'clock yesterday, accord
ing to the reports coming to the rail
roads, all over Nebraska it was calm.
(Continued on rge Two, Column Kour.)
TO DECIDE ON
London, Jan. 10. At4he fifst sit
tinK of the resumed nppotlah'nna at
Brest-Litovsk on Tuesday, says a dis
patch sent out by thesofficial Russian
news agency, the discussion between
the Russian delegate's and those of
the central powers centered on the
selection of a city in some neutral
country in whxh to continue the de
liberations. There is every proba
bility, it is added, cf a satisfactory
Bulgaria Makes Separate
Treaty With Russia; Bol
t sheviki Declines Turk Pro
, posals for Peace..
ly Amtoclated rrens.)
Bulgaria and Russia hltve
concluded a separate peace.
according to circumstantial ad
vices by way of Switzerland.
If a separate adjustment be
tween these nations has been
reached, it seems probable that
it was because Bulgaria found
00 difficulty in - subscribing, to
the Bohhcviki formula of i6
annexations and no indem
nities so far as Russia was .con
:erned. MEETS BULGARS' VIEWS.
Bulgaria has desired no Russian
territory, seeking its acquisitions
from Roumanh and Serbia. It was
ior ccrpias assistance, however, that
Russia prwjarea tor war under the
Old rceime.VS mobilizatinn after Ails.
tria had threatened Serbia being made
ine occasion tor uermany s, declara
tion of war.
Turkey, likewise, has been peeking
a separate Deace wit r. Russia hut
accordinfr to today's advices, the Bol
sheviki have declined to entertain the
Ottoman proposals, requesting the
Turks to participate . in the general
peace conference between the central
powers and Kussia,
Refuse Turkey's Offer.
Fetrogra.d, Wednesday, Jan. 9. A
eparate peace proposal made by Tur
cev. it 'is renorteH. has heen re(aei
by the' Bolsheviki government. Tur
key was renuestfd tn narfirinali. in
the general conference between Rus-
sia ana me central powers.. r
A Bulgarian corrfesponde.nt of the
Bund savs Premier Radoslavoff read
the followunr disoatch from . Brest
Litftvsk in I'arlianipnt-
?'War between Russia and Bulgaria
ceases. Diplomatic and economic re
lations oetween Russia and Bulgaria
are resumed. "Russia recognizes Bul
garia's right to nominate a delegate
wan international Uanube commis
sion. The first nrare is thus rnnruAeA
with the consent of Bulgaria's allies."
The Bund savs Hlil?3ri:i lias an.
pointed a minister to Petrograd and
a consul general to be stationed at
Odessa anrl lias nrrfprprl tlit r.ciimn.
tion ot navigation to'Udessa.
ARMY M FRANCE READY
FOR ACTIVE SERVICE,
SAYS CABINET OFFICER
Facts About American Jroopt Given to Senate War In
vestigating Committee; Million and Half Men Are
Under Arms; Adequate Supply of Rifles
is Available for very Soldier. ;
A dispatch received in ' I.onilon
last Saturday twim lctro'crrad pur
ported to give the lurkish peace
terms as presented to Russia", but the
disnatrh did nnt state that T
- v "i-
proposals had been made independent
or tne otner central powers. Among
the terms proposed by Turkey were
free passage of the Dardanelles for
Russian ships, Russian evacuation of
lurkish territory and demobilization
of the Russian Black Sea fleet. Tur
key was. to retain its active army in
consequence of continuation of war
against the entente.
U. S. TO SHIP
Washington. Tan. 10 The. fnort sit.
Uation in Etirone is recirrlrr) hore as
so critical that tlie food administra-
: l ...... : 1 i ... , . i i:
tional .90.000.000 bushels r.f wheat.
despite the, fact that the normal ex-
port surplus nau oeen snipped Dy tne
middle of December.
Th Ameriran npruilp will he acLpr!
to save to make up the deficiency. :
llie demand irom the allies is so in
sistent that the food administration
has decided to take a chance on a
shortage in the spring to meet in part
their needs. If consumption is not
reduced, officials see a nossihl? klinrr-
age of flour in the United State.? in
way, oetoie tne new crop comes on
Great Programs for Carrying -On
War Have Been Developed
In sumnilng up the War department's work Secretary Biker rave the
following as its chief accomplishments: .
1. A large army is in the field and in training; so large that further
increments to it can be adequately equipped and trained as rapidly as those
already in training can be transported. ,
2. The army has been enlisted and selected "without serious disloca-.
tion of the industries of the country. '
. 3 The training of the I army is proceeding rapidly, and its spirit is
Wgh.i The subsistence "of the-trmy-jias been above criticism r Its Initial
clothing supply,' temporarily , inadequate, is now substantially complete,
and reserves will rapidly accumulate. Arms of trte most modern and
effective kind including artillery, machine guns, automatic rifles and small
arms have been provided by manufacture or purchase for every soldier
in France and are available for every, soldier who can be gotten to
France in the yeai 1918... v K... ' ' ;;"":'' -r '-.
4. A substantial army is already In France, where both men" and offi
cers have been additionally and specially trained and are ready . for active
service.'. ' ' ;.: . .?
' 5. Independent lines of communication" and supply, vast storage and
other facilities are in progress of construction in, France.
6. Great programs for the manufacture of additional equipment and
for the production of new instruments of war have been formulated.-
BAKER REPLIES TO CRITICS
.Washington, Jan. lO.i-Secretary Baker' today replied to
criticisms of his department's conduct of the war, in a long and
exhaustive prepared statement presented to the senate military
committee. . , ,
- Conceding delays and errors of judgment in so vast an un
dertaking, Secretary Baker epitomized his reply in these words:
"No army of similar size in the history of the world has!
eyer been raised, equipped or trained so quickly. No such pro-'
vision has ever been made for the comfort, health and general
well being of an army."
O ARMY ia RFAnv -
America now has in France an army
of "substantiaP size ready for active
service, Secretary Baker today told i
the senate war investigating commit
"tee. ' . . . :
Officers and men, he explained in
a statement of the mobilization ac
complishments, have been trained
specially for modern warfare, inde
pendent lines of communication and
supply are in process of construction
and great programs have been formu
lated for the production of new in
struments of war. -
Provided Arms. :
, Arms of the most modern effective
kind, the secretary declared, have
been provided for every soldier in
France and are available for every
fighting man who can be sent to
France in 1918. , -,
An army of nearly 1,500,000 men,
enlisted and selected without serious
dislocation of the nation's industries,
is now in' the field or in training at
home and abroad, he asserted. 'The
subsistence of the army, he continued,
has been above criticism, while its
initial clothing supply, temporarily .
inadequate, is now substantially com
plete. . v - ,
"I state the foregoing conditions
of the War department' problem,,
and some of the results attained', for
two purposes," he said. "In the first
place, vthe American people are en
titled to know of the splendid effect-.
iveness with which they Jiave been
able to organize, the man power and
the material power of the nation in
a great cause; and, second, our army
(Continued on Vt Eight, Column Four.)
TO HOSPITAL BED
BURNED TO DEATH
BAKER TRIES TO
Secretary of War Insists That
Criticised Delay Has, in the
End, Produced -Good
Washington,' Jan. 10. After read
ing his report on conditions existing
in the War department to the senate
investigating committee today. Sec
retary Newton Baker was quizzed by
members of the board. Several sena
tors joined in questioning to show
that rifle production was permitted
to lair when it wan certain that the
country was about to go to war, but
Secretary Baker persisted that the de
layin changing models had,, iu the
end, produced a much desired result.
lie pointed out that eieht months
after England went to war British
soldiers were training in top hats
with walKinsr sticks, and insisted that
American rifle production is now "so
lar ahead that all men who will be
called out will have enough.
Turnine to criticism of the ma
chine gun situation. Senator Cham
berlain said there was delav in, ordpr-
ine Lewis euns that had hee'n npr1
successfully by England.
"There was no rfplav. ahm last
April," replied Secretary Eaker.
xes, mere, was, Mr. Secretary, re
torted the senator.
Secretary Baker continued hv re.
citing the machine gun co'ntroversy
tnat existed when he became secretary-
Senator Mckellar tbonalif the A.
Llay was unreasonable.
Well, :t s a matter of judgment,"
said Mr. Baker.
Secretary Baker told nf the Wire's
investigation pt marjiine, guns.
(Continued on I'aj two. Column One.)
Ottawa. Ont.. Tan in H? f-
forts by nuns and nurses saved all buf
one ot iao patients in the Water street
Central hosnital here tnriav bIim fir
broke out and destroyed a part of the
uuiiuing. a cnitd who was strapped
tO a bed with weis-htn faxteneA A an
injured lee was burned tn Aeath .
M One of the rescued patients; a littie
girv area later from excitement and
exposure, making tvro fstalitiec. ;
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