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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 7, 1918)
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BOY SCOOTS PUT
ACROSS BIG BOOK
DRIVE LAST WEEK
Little Fellows Make House-to
House Canvass and Gather
Up Reading Matter for
Omaha Boy Scouts have just put
across a gigantic drive in which they
collected more than 2,000 books and
3,000 sheets of music. The books will
be given to the soldiers at Forts Om
aha and Crook. The music will be
sent direct to the Sammies in France
In order to make the drive interest
ing a prize was hung up for the 15
scouts bringing in the largest indi
vidual collections. The prize is a
coy &cout entry tor 1918.
The vounsr trnnwn rlirln't ,.4
J 0 ,-.. w u . III.VM
much urging. They girdled up their
10ms ana startej out with the inten
tion of stripping Omaha clean of all
surplus books, and the number gath
ered in is evidence that they stepped
some, ine three troops making the
largest shewin? are: Trnnn ?S ?flh.
Troop 31, 382; Troop 42, 160. Ralph
Erickson, of Troop 14, rustled up 485
snceis or music, ana tan oral, Troop
38, made a good showing with 277
Each individual made a house-to
house canvass, and flintv.tipsrtxl n
deed was the matron who could resist
tne appeal or the young trooper after
he had made his wants known.
The 15 scouts who walked off with
tne "cakes" tor the largest individual
collections are as follows:
Troop. Hook i.
Barton Curry . . ,
Clifford Home .
aui Teusler j 79
William Coona . 9 75
Ralph KrlckBon 14 n
Lewla Henderson ....30 6c
Gordon Smith 9 65
I,e Weber xo
Wesley Miller 4 49
Ormond Showalter u 4,
Homer Roy 18 44
Olen Wllliema 31 42
The boys brought loads of books and
songs to headquarters Friday and Sat
urday. Scout Executive English ar
ranged the gifts in convenient manner
for fumigating. Miss Edith Tobitt
directed the boys in the work by giv
ing them suggestions as to the kind of
books that would be most acceptable
to the soldiers.
Father of Mrs. F. 8. Dale
Dies in Alabama Friday
Word has been received of the
death on Friday in Citronelle, Ala., of
George W. Fow, father of Mrs. Fred
B. Dale of this city. Mr. Pow was
known to a good many Omaha people,
having visited this city a number of
times in the last 10 years. His wife,
and daughter were with him at the
time of his death. Mr. Pow was born
in Salem, O., on June 12, 1851, and
was educated at Hiram college,
Hiram, O. He was engaged in the
banking business most of his life at
Salem and in Rolla, N. D. For a time
he lived in Minneapolis. He came of
an old-time banking family in Ohio.
Services and temporary interment
will be held at Citronelle. Mr. Pow is
survived by his wife, Mrs. Helen
Steele Pow, and his daughter, Mrs.
Bee Want Ads Bring Results.
Jungf Iimgndle the .Dooir.'
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4?H Ij IIH 1 1.111 1 i II I 1 ' '--U - V ' m
LESSON LEARNED IN
THREE YEARS OF WAE
Lieutenant General Sir Robert
Baden-Powell Sums Up What
Progress Has Been Made
by Britain and Its Allies.
(Correspondence of Tha AwioclRted Preaa.)
London, Sept IS. Lieutenant Gen
eral Sir Robert S. S. Baden-Powell,
in a statement on the opening of the
fourth year of the war, sums up the
lessons which the war has thus far
taught as follows:
'Tactical Strateev, consisting as it
does of principles, remains but little
altered, but tactxs, or the methods in
the fighting held, have been strangely
twisted through the use of high ex
plosives, mechanical transport, ma
chine fighting overhead and under wa
ter and by the vast numbers of men
Scientific In the field hare been
devised new explosives, poison gases,
curative drugs and many ingenious
devices for killing or for saving men.
Industrial State control has been
experimented with: intensive work
has been introduced and new indus
tries, including standardization in
ship building and airplane manufac
ture, as well as the home supplv of
oversea products and of many things
hitherto made in Germany.
Social Class distinctions have
argely disappeared; work is done for
work's sake; reforms long used in
theory for political cloaks are becom
ing practical reality.
Political 1 he exaggerated value
of party politics and the inefficiency
of our politicians at home and our dip
lomats abroad have all been shown.
"Imperial What some were
pleased to look upon as British colo
nies are now recognized as great self
contained nations actuated by a com
mon tie and common aim, whose
strength is in their freedom.
' "International Communion with
our allies in fighting for a high ideal
has brought us into closer touch and
mutual sympathy than any mere com
mercial alliance could have done.
"Domestic The war has discovered
the splendid courage and sense of
duty that animates our race through
out, while the women by rising to the
French Tank Well Camouflaged
occasion have put themselves upon
a new and higher plane.
"Educational and Religious The
need of new methods and new stand
ards to meet the exigencies of the fu
ture has been more than plainly
French in No Danger of Going
hirsty This Year, but Prices
Will Be Abnormally High
for Ordinary Wine.
Beziers, France, Sept. 15. French
men are in no danger of going
thirsty this year, but they will pay
dearly for their favorite beverage un
less the government can check spec
ulation in wine.
The yield of grapes will be from 40
to SO per cent greater than that of
last year; last year's crop was nearly
50 per cent greater than that of 1915,
yet wine costs twice as much as it did
a year ago and three times as much
as it did in 1914. Ordinary table
wines then sold at the equivalent of
8 cents a quart for red and 10 cents
for white, at retail, They bring 25
cents respectively, today.
Requisitions for the army, lack of
distributing facilities, scarcity of wine
casks, bottles and wine tank cars, in
sufficiency of help, high cost of fer
tilizers and chemicals, and the nat
ural economic effect of war are
given here in the wine country as the
reasons for the rise. Another reason
is the purchase of "wine on the vine"
and successive transfers of the crop
from one speculator to another, even
before the grapes have ripened, the
same system as adopted by speculat
ors in coal importation licenses last
This abnormal dealing has made
ordinary wines relatively dearer than
the fine wines. Burgundies, clarets
and good white wines generally are
abundant and have not increased ex
cessively in price. They are not so
much subject to speculation and they
escape requisitions, but they suffer
quite as much as ordinary grades,
even more in some cases, from the in
sufficient supply of bottles land casks.
The minister of provision! pro
poses to either requisition the entire
crop, annulling all speculative con
tracts, and supervise the distribution
to the retail trade, or fix a maximum
selling price at which common wines
rcav be sold to the consumer.
The opinion of the wine country
was thus expressed by a grower of
the Gard: "They propose to limit
the avails of the wine growers' work,
but no one has ever talked about keep
ing down the profits of the merchants
who sell us sulphate of copper and
sulphur," said he. "The great danger
in these projects for limiting selling
prices or requisitioning at arbitrary
figures is that wine growers will sim
ply abandon their vineyards; conse
quence, a scarcity of wine and
higher prices yet."
The Wine Growers' association
proposes as a compromise that con
cessions be made to the state on the
quantities of wine requisitioned for
the army, and that, in return, the
state leave the wine market to adjust
How a Bank Judges
Applicants for Jobs
Here are some of the things by
which the City bank's interviewers
are instructed to judge men:
Appearance and Manner Judge
how well the applicant will impress
customers by his physique, facial ex
pression, clothing, neatness, voice
cheerfulness, self-confidence, courtesy.
Initiative and Self-Keliance con
sider his abilitv to start things with
out being shown or told, and his self
dependence after having once been
shown his work or given a task,
Industry Jud.ge his energy and per
severance. Base your judgment on
his personal history sheet (application
blank), all reports and your impres
sion from contact with him.
Character Judge his character,
having in mind ambition, honesty,
thrift, loyalty, spirit of service and
freedom from drinking, gambling and
other immoral acts.
All things considered. Frank Van
derlip in the American.
. Tht Peruvian Bite.
Manuel Lantander of the Peruvian em
basxy, mild at a dance:
"Peru'a declaration of war haa cauatd
the Oermani to laugh and proclaim that our
Peruvian bark If worse than, our bit.
"But let them look out. They'll be talk
Ine In tha and like the chap who growled:
" 'Didn't you aay your dog 'a bark waa
worie than hli bite?'
" 'I did, air,' said the dog owner.
" "Then, for goodnees' Bake, don't let him
bark I Ha Juat bitten me.' " Washington
RESULTS OF FOOD
PRICE FIXING IN
Official Memoranda Show
Bread and Meat Cheaper
Abroad Than in the
From lh New Tork Tlm.w
Despite the greater shornae in the
j supply, bread is today cheaper in
l England than in the I'nited Slates.
In America the householder pays
! about $12.50 for a barrel of flour, the
average weight of which is ll0
j pound, whereas in England a 2S0
I pound sack of flour retails at 50 shil
I lilies, or the same price a a barrel
sells for in the lTnitcd States.
The prices of meats in the two
countries are also in favor of the
English buyer. An Englishman pays
according io the British food con
trol system about $2.12 for 14 pounds
of imported pork, at the rate of about
15 cents a pound, whereas pork'in this
country is selling at about 45 cents.
Beef and veal in England, under the
Rhondda system sell for about $2.15
for 14 pounds. In the I'nited States
the same amount brings in about
The nleat supply report predicts a
serious shortage of meat in England
From official sources the Times has
received two memoranda prepared un
der direction of the British food ad
ministration, in which the bread and
meat control svstem in Great Britain
is explained. The first of these deals
with the price of bread. It shows that
on September 17 last an order issued
by Lord Rhondda, the food controller,
became operative which fixed the
maximum price at which a four-pound
loaf of wheat bread could be sold over
the counter at 9 pence or 18 cents.
The price of four pounds of raw flour
needed to bake a four-pound loaf in
the United States is between 25 and
How Bread Is Controlled.
The bread control statement which
shows how England is meeting the
bread problem, even to the extent of
taking over the control of the great
milling plants, is as follows:
"From Monday, (September 17, the
four-pound loaf is by order of the food
controller to be sold over the counter
at a maximum price of 18 cents. The
price of flour is correspondingly
fixed. Flour may be retailed at $12.50
per sack of 280 pounds, or $6.25 for a
naif sack. For quantities of seven
pounds or more, but less than half a
sack, the maximum price is to be 66
cents per stone of 14 pounds; for a
quartern (iYt pounds) the permitted
charge is 17 cents; for a half-quartern,
Yt cents, and for a single pound, 5
cents. For self-raising flour, 7 cents
a pound may be charged. These prices
refer to sales for cash over the
counter. A reasonable additional
charge may be made by the retailer
if he gives credit to his customer, or
delivers the bread or Hour at the cus
"The average price of the four
pound loaf before the war was slightly
over lt cents. But in August, 1914,
about 1 cent per loaf, and in Decem
ber, 1914, a rapid advance began,
which continued June, 1915, raising
the average price to 17 cents for four
pounds. By March, 1915, the average
price had risen to nearly 18 cents, and
in November, 1916. it was just over
19 cents. Since then the price had
risen to 22 cents, though where the
bread was delivered the general charge
was 25 cents.
"The causes of this rise were mainly
the growing price of flour, hut also
the higher price of production owing
to the cost of salt and yeast, mainte
nance and replacement of vans and
plant, and various other items. A rise
in the price of flour and wheat was
inevitable in time f war in a country
which depended for four-fifths of its
supplies of those articles on overseas
The specific causes of the rise arc
four in number, the first being the cut
ting off of the Russian and Balkan
wheat supplies, the British imports
from Russia alone during the last
three months of l'M4 totalling only
.52,000,000, as compared with 250.000;.
000 pounds in the corresponding
period of 1913, and more than 400,000,
000 pounds in the s;nie period in 1912.
The second cauoc was the heavy
consumption of the armies and the
necessity of aceiriMilatinx emergency
stocks, in the countries ot the entente.
The third cause was the rise in
freights due to the demands made on
mercantile shipping for naval and mil
itary purposes, while the fourth and
last cause was the failure of harvests
which from time to time occurred in
the main sources of supply.
Continuing the statement reads:
"In order to carry out its scheme
the government is taking over all the
important Hour mills of the country
and working ilicm on government ac
count. Flour will be sold from mills
to the bakers at a uniform price, and
the bakers will sell at the maximum
prices of 18 cents for a four-pound
loaf, 9 cents for a two-pound loaf,
and 5 cents for a one-pouuJ loaf.
"The price charged to the millers
for flour will be lower than' the price
at which the. government purchases
the wheat. The difference will, there
fore, have to be met by a government
subsidy. This will amount in the ag
gregate to a very large sum estimat
ed as high as $194,400,000 per annum."
' The report which tells of the meat
control system which Lord Rhondda
has put in operation points out that
the whole of the imported supply of
meats, which in normal times amounts
to 40 Der cent of the entire meat con
sumption of the United Kingdom, was
absorbed as a result of the war, by
the British, French and Italian armies
and that the imported element in the
supply available for the civil popula
tion bar amounted to only 10 per cent
of the civilian consumption. Further
restriction in the supply of foreign
meats was due to the submarine ac
tivities of the Germans and the short
age of ocean tonnage available for its
Mow Lord Rhondda met the meat
situation and the prices he fixed are
stated as follows:
"Following on the Ijnes laid down
by his predecessor, the new food con
troller issued a meat order on August
29,1917, which fixed maximum whole
sale and retail prices. This order
came into effect September 3. After
that date no one was to sell whole
sale any carcass of beef, mutton, or
pork, or any hindquarter or forequar
tcr of imported beef or veal at
price exceeding the maximum price
specified in a schedule. These prices
are fixed for the months of Septem
ber, October, November and Decem
ber, 1917, and January, 1918; for ex
ample, the price per stone of home
killed beef and veal in September is
$2.16; in January, $1.83. The price per
stone for hindquarters of imported
beef and veal is $2.08 in September,,
and will be $1.75 in January. The
price of mutton and pork continue
the same during the five months; for
home-killed mutton and lamb max
imum price of $2.16; imported mutton
and lamb, $1.83; home-killed pork,
$2.37; imported pork, $2,12 per atone.
The retailers profit is based on
these wholesale profits. It is limited
to 20 per cent on the price to be paid,
or to an average of 5 cents per pound,
whichever is the less. The food con
trol committees, which are being
established throughout the country,
arc given the power of fixing particu
lar prices, applicable to different lo
calities, within the maximum limits
of the order.
The result of the order, it is said,
has so far been not only to check
the rising prices, but to effect an all
round reduction of 15 to 20 per cent,
more on mutto: less on beef. Lord
Rhondda expects that a reduction in
the price of beef to the consumer of
12 cents a pound will have been of
fected by January.
Naphtha Jags for the
Builders of Airplanes
At the request of the United States
Bureau of Labor Statistics. Dr. Alice
Hamilton of Chicago made an in
vcstigati(Jn of airplane factories in an
effort to form an estimate of the
danger of our workmen contracting
the "toxic jaundice" that has attact
ed so much attention in England and
Germany. This disease is due to in
haling fumes of the tetrachlorethane
used in the dope, or varnish, with
which the planes are coated. She re- .
ports that in this country we need
not dread the disease, for we are not
using tetrachlorethane to any extent.
Instead we are using principally i r
dope made from cellulose acetate dis-i;
solved in acetone, alcohol and ben
line, or the acetone may be replaced
by a mixture of methyl alcohol,
methyl acetate and acetone. ; ..
Benzine and methyl alcohol are in
dustrial poisons of distinct danger.
The former causes of the o-clled
"naphtha jag." which is disagreeably
but not serious. Amyl acetate is said
to cause dizziness, drowsiness and
other symptoms, but Dr. Hamilton
could find little evidence of it danger.
Methyl alcohol's worst effect is no
on the eyes. .
"We ought to insist," writee Dr.
Hamilton, "on abundant ventilation
for our doping rooms, as the Eng-"
lish do." She also "suggests regular
medical examination of alt dopert.
j - V
Billions of Tin Cans 2
For the Army and Navy
The canners of the United States
will have to fill close to 7,000.000,000
tin cans in a year to feed our trtny
If you allow only five inches as the
average length of a can, 7,000,000,000
cans, end to end, would stretch 533,000
miles, or more than 20 times around
this little old war-torn earth of ours."'
Five hundred and fifty-three thou
sand miles of cans la a fairly long
string of cans.
With the latest machinery, a plant
employing only 10 men and a few
boys is able to turn out 65,000 can
. . j... -t in t. . .-j .it k.. i in
of them guaranteed to be perfect
That small force multiplied' many
times in a oig punt easuy supplies
the cans to a packer who takes 50,000
bushel baskets of tomatoes from the
vine and outs them ud. all labeled
and ready to ship, between breakfast
In a plant with modern equipment
oeas are taken from the vine, hulled.
graded, cooked, sealed and labeled by
machinery; while only those that are
defective are touched with the hands.
Everybody's Magazine. , .
Ka Fault ot tha Chicken.
Uncle Joan waa comfortably lighting' blr
plpa In tha llvtnr room eaa aranlng- when
Aunt Maria glanced up tram hm knitting.
"Joah," aha ramarked, "da ran know thai
raxt Sunday will ba tha twanty-flfth anni
versary or our wadUlniT"
"You rtont aay io Maria!" raaponded
Uncle Joah, pulling vigorously on hie corn
oob pip. "What about It?"
"Nothing," anavrnrad Aunt Maria, "only 1
thought mayba wa aught to kill them two
Rhode Inland Red chicken." -
. "But, Mara," demanded Unol Joah. ''how
oan you blama them two Rhode Iiland Red
for what happened twenty .(Ira year agaT"
Ban Franclsoo Btar. 'u .
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