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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 31, 1917)
The Omaha Daily
VOL. XL VII. NO. 168.
OMAHA, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBB'R 31, 1917.
Si Trtt. it MtMi.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS
Km SUM. Eft,
GERMAMSIN PEACE PACT
'ESSARABlJTNOW IS REPUBLIC
I THE WEATHER
II II M li. 1
21 1 A
RUSSIA BETRAYED BY
BOLSHEVIKI, NOT YET
UNDER GERMAN YOKE
National Movement Organized Against Red Rule Will
Turn Against Germany's Efforts to Destroy Russ
Democracy and Conquer Country Econom
ically, Says Slav Leader in America.
Petrograd, Saturday. Dec. 29. Bessarabia has declared
its independence as the Moldavian republic to form a part of
the Russian federated republic.
Bessarabia is a government of southwestern Russia, ad
joining Roumania. About half the inhabitants are Roumanians.
The population is about 2,000,000 people. Kishinev is the cap
ital of Bolsheviki, which has an area of about 18,000 square?
The Bolsheviki announce that tomorrow a general cele
bration of the peace negotiations will be held in Petrograd and
other Russian cities.
PETROGRAD CELEBRATES. O
London, Dec. 30. Dispatches from
Petrograd say that the city was given
over today to a celebration of the
peace negotiations. The watchwords
Down with international imperial
ism! and Long live the third Interna
tionale! A telegram received in Petrograd
from Novo Tcherkack, capital of the
territory of the Don Cossacks, an
nounces that General Kaledines, who
recently resigned as hetman of the
Cossacks on the ground that there
was opposition to him at the front,
has been re-elected by 562 out of a
total of 638 votes.
The counsel of people's commis
saries ordered the confiscation of the
factories and all other property of the
Russo-Belgiuni company because its
directors on December 18 declared the
company to be in a state of liquida
tion and declined to submit to the con
tronl of the .employes. Al the work
men have been ordered to continue
the J.;scharge of their duties. Anyone
guiity of acts of sabotage will be
brought before a revolutionary court.
Bolsheviki Power Is on
Wane, Declares Sack
By A. J. Sack.
iPifeetdr, Russian Information Bureau.)
The rule of the Bolsheviki is tot
tering and we may expect their down
fall in a very short time.
But, whether they fall tomorrow,
or even today, they already have com
mitted their greatest crime against
Russia and the allies. They have
disorganized and demoralized the
once so glorious Russian army.
While Trotzky is pathetically ex
claiming that the Bolsheviki will not
kneel before the kaiser, and that in
case Germany offers Russia "offen
sive peace terms," the Bolsheviki will
declare a "revolutionary war" on
Germany while play-acting so in the
midst of the Russian tragedy, which
the Bolsheviki have themselves cre
ated, the truth of the situation
The damage the Bolsheviki have
already done to the Russian mili
tary machine is almost irreparable;
there is probably no longer a Rus
sian army in existence and the roads
to Russia are open. A separate peace
between Russia and Germany, under
present conditions, would be a peace
on Germany's terms. Russia, under
these terms, would become practically
a vassal of Germany.
Dream of Prussan Junkers.
It should be understood that a
separate peace with Russia, on the
terms which Germany now is able to
dictate, resorting probably to some
pseudo-democratic camouflage, would
be a realization beyond the wildest
dreams of Prussian junkerdom. This
victory would strengthen the political
position of the German militarists and
justify for the population of Germany
their sacrifices during this war.
If Germany extends her rule over
Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Turkey,
Roumania and Russia, with the pos
session of the resources of these
countries, with access to every kind
(Conttnned on Page Two, Column Two.)
Fair Monday; slowly rising tem
perature in east portion.
Temperatures at Omaha Yesterday.
6 a. m i
6 a. m 8
7 a. m I"
8 a. m 1
9 a. m 14
10 a. m .yii
11 a. m 18
12 m 19
1 p. m 20
2 p. m 22
3 p. m 23
4 p. m. .......... . 24
5 p. m 24
6 p. m 23
7 p. m' 23
Comparative Local Record.
f 1017. 1916. 1915. 1914.
'Igfttet yesterday.... 24 27 33 14
owt yesterday 7 5 22 2
an temperature.... 16 16 27 6
Kt) ttatton 06 .00 .00 .00
fcerature and precipitation departures
m temperature 22
le icy for the day..' 6
U atflclency since March 1 463
m j precipitation "3 inch
for the day 03 Inch
M Rainfall since March 1 . . . .11.84 Inchftj
1 Incv since March 1 7.39 Inchen
SMnejr for cor. period. In 1914.13.7! Inch's
lncy for cor, rriod in 1915. 2.10 lnchcc
icatcs below tiro.
HOME FOR GIRLS
WHO WORK TO BE
BUILT IN OMAHA
Association for Betterment of
Girls and Boys Has Brought
Woolworth Site on St.
An up-to-date home for working
girls of Omaha will be built on the
old Woolworth property at Twenty
second street and St. Mary avenue
by the Omaha Association for the
Betterment of Girls and Boys.
The plaa4ia3.ip!l6gressed quietly and
rapidly and with the co-operation of
heads of wholesale' houses of the city
where many young men and women
are employed. The site has already
According to Dr. Jennie Callfas,
president of the association, the build
ing will contain not less than 200
rooms, and will be outfitted to provide
On Beautiful Spot.
"The site has many advantages over
outlying rooming houses," says Dr.
'Callfas. "The place is high, within
walking distance of the heart of the
city, and is located on a beautiful spot,
surrounded by trees.
"The association lias been interest
ed in the welfare of boys and girls
who come to the city either to work
or to mush their education, ana in
the construction of this new home
will be realized the hope and plan of
the members of the association.
"While the building is being con
structed, we still will go ahead in our
work of canvassing.
Great Work Ahead.
"Much can be done for the work
ing girl and boy in our city and this
is one way of arriving near our end.
After the building is completed we
shall organize various educational
clubs for their interest."
The executive committee of the
association consists of the following:
President, Dr. Jennie Callfas; vice
president, Mrs. C. W. Hayes; second
vice president, Mrs. George Joslyn;
secretary, Miss Esther Johnson; treas
urer, Mrs. Samuel Foote.
The board of directors comprises
Judge Charles Leslie, Judge Howard
Kennedy, Herbert Rogers, George
Payne and Gus Miller.
The deal for the property was ar
ranged through George Payne.
Only Two Soldiers in
1,000 Die in Camps
Washington, Dec. 30. Figures
compiled at the office of Sur
geon General Gorgas and made pub
lic today, show that with more than
900,000 soldiers in training in this
country from September 21 to De
cember 14, there were only 1,391
deaths from all causes, an average
rate of less than two per i,000.
The record shows that the aver
age strength of the army in the
United States during the period was
916,722 men. Among the 202,009
regulars there were 144 deaths; there
were 494 deaths in the 387,233 na
tional army and 753 deaths in the
327,480 National Guardsmen.
Finland Faces Starvation;
Many Towns Breadless for Days
(By Associated Press.)
Washington, Dec 30. Food stocks in Finland are so, depleted that
officials there fear a famine unless tonnage is obtained to transport he
oats and corn granted the Finnish provisional administration here by this
government. Official dispatches today from Helsingfors says the direst
need exists throughout the country.
The stock of cereals in Helsingfors was exhausted two weeks ago,
the dispatches said and the surrounding country has been without food
for a fortnight Wiborg has flour for one week, but the suburbs have been
without bread for days. Hammarsfors has rice and oats for 10 days, but
many other towns and villages are breadless and few farmers have stocks
to last until the next crop.
Dr. Kaarlo Ignatius, the Finnish commissioner, is endeavoring with
the assistance of the State department and the shipping board to obtain
tonnage to take food to relieve the situation and it is considered likely
that two ships will be obtained.
Condition of Civilians in Belgium
' Described as Heartrending by One of
Them Who Made Escape to England
QUEEN OF REALM
TO WED f MAN
Announcement Made of En
gagement of Miss Elizabeth
Reed and Lieut. I. W.
The Ak-Sar-Ben queen, Miss Eliza
beth Balch Reed, is to marry Lieuten
ant Isaac White Carpenter, jr. Mr.
and Mrs. Abraham Lincoln Reed, her
parents, yesterday announcing, the
engagement of their attractive eldest
daughter, the reigning queen of the
realm, to the young soldier in the
Coast artillery, son of the Isaac W.
Carpenters. Lieutenant Carpenter
came home from Fort Andrews,
Mass., where he is stationed, to spend
Christmas, but leaves tonight to re
turn to his post. The wedding date
is indefinite but will probably be one
of the "after-the-war" ceremonies, ac
cording to the bride-elect.
Of Pioneer Stock.
The young people are numbered
among the most popular of the young
er set because of their likeable quali
ties and achievements. Miss Reed,
whose grandparents, the Balchs and
the Reeds, were among the pioneer
settlers in Nebraska, was mentioned
as the first "real daughter of Omaha"
in connection with her coronation as
queen of Ak-Sar-Ben this year. Her
choice as queen was heralded as one
of the most popular decisions the
board of governors ever made. She
is a Brownell Hall graduate, after
which she attended the Bishop school
at La Jolla, Cal., and finished at the
Bennett school, Milbrook, N. Y.
No Formal Debut.
Wm ReVd" Ws ' "among 1n first
Omaha society girls to forego a for
mal debut last year, with the prospect
of war and she has given much of
her time to Red Cross work since
then. She is decidedly athletic in her
Lieutenant Carpenter is a graduate
of Central High school, where he was
active in student affairs, and Dart
mouth college. His fraternities are
Delta Kappa Epsilon and the senior
society, Casque and Gauntlet. He en
listed in May and received his com
mission at Fortress Monroe.
German Professor Ousted
From University of Denver
Dencer, Colo., Dec. 30. Mrs.
Martha Loescher Crook, professor of
German at the University of Denver,
was dismissed from the faculty of the
school at a meeting of the board of
trustees today. Pro-German sympa
thies and utterances, it was an
nounced, were the grounds for the
action. The'trustees voted to continue
her salary to the end of the academic
W. G. Evans, chairman of the board
of trustees, said that the vote was
Mrs. Crook has been connected with
the University of Denver many years,
is widely known in educational circles
and holds degrees from the University
of Berlin, Columbia university and
the University of Chicago.
Triple Murder Follows
Muskogee, Okl.. Dec. 29. The
bodies of C. E. Logan, his wife and
4-year-old daughter were found to
night in the ruins of their home near
McLain, a farming community 12
miles south of Muskogee. The bodies
of Mrs. Logan and the child were
burned, but an examination of Lo
gan's body revealed that his head had
Neighbors of the Logans said that
Logan received a mysterious message
over the telephone yesterday threat
ening his life.
Eat Ice Cream to Keep Warm
Chicago, Dec. 29. Snow made in
coming trains from the east hours
late. Near Hammond, ' Ind., long
lines of passenger trains from the
east stalled so long that hundreds of
passengers visited farm houses, gro
ceries and drug stores for food. Some
were hungry enough to order ice
cream with the temperature around
Many Who Make Desperate Bid
for Liberty Across Border
Shot by Germans or De
ported to Prisons. .
BY AN ESCAPED CIVILIAN.
In London Times. December 11.
Some pacifists abroad, following
the lead of Mr. Morel, having recent
ly exploited the' suffering of the Bel
gian population as an argument for
an early and premature peace, the
German newspapers hastened to re
produce the news.
It did more harm to the popular
ity of the allies than the bombs drop
ped by British airmen on the army's
communication lines, which necessar
ily cause a certain number of casual
ties among the civilians.
While realizing that air raids are
unavoidable, we have often wondered
why they were limited to Rclgian ter
ritory. The taids carried recently
into Germany wi'.t no doubt relieve
the feelings of many.
I. should mention here the case of a
young friend of .mine, a boy of 18,
who crossed the wire quite recently. A
British bomb had fallen on his house
at Bruges. His father had been killed.
His mother and sister, both seriously
wounded, were lying in hospital.
"The only thing left for me was to
join the army," he said to me when
we met in England.'
He is now in an instruction camp in
Can't Cross Frontier.
It is easy to speak of crossing the
frontier; it is less easy to do it now
that it is barred by a double fence of
electrified wire and guarded by a sen
try every 50 yards and patrols during
the whole night.
Many have failed and tried over
and over again, 10 times, 15
times even, before succeeding. A large
number of those who make the des
perate bid for liberty are killed by
the sentries or captured and deported
to prison camps.
There is perhaps some exaggeration
in the statement current in Belgium
that lle enemy, ueedet whole firmy.
corpa to keep u troni slipping
through the prison gates, but if we
consider that the Dutch-German
Jrontier must be guarded as well as
the Dutch-Belgian, and that thou
sands of spies and secret agents are
kent busy in the occupied territory,
this estimate does not seem very far
from the truth.
Persecution and Hunger.
-Nothing can give a better idea of
the obstinate resistance opposed by
the Belgians to German edicts and
regulations than the statement of a
German newspaper the ' Deutsche
Jurrstenzeitung which estimates at
no fewer than 100,01)0 the number ot
sentences inflicted on the people dur
ing one year only (1915-1916). Most
of them, of course, are fines or short
terms of imprisonment.
Formerly we used to have the
choice and manv rich people prefer
red to go to the St. (iilles prison rath
er than help the enemy by paying
their fine. But the prisons have he
come so crowded and the financial
situation of the empire has become
so bad that only the destitutes pre
serve' the privilege of sacrificing their
The others, if they refuse to pay,
have their watch taken from them or
are obliged to give up a piece of val
uable furnitur:. In Brussels these
things are sold by auction in a shop
in the Rue de la Limite.
Now that winter has set in I should
like to say a word about the food
question. It is impossible to realize
the spirit which inspires the Belgian
people if one does not take into ac
count their economic situation.
To Break Belgium's Spirit.
In their attempt to break Belgian
nationalism the enemy has found a
forceful ally hungery and the moral
power necessary to resist the former
is nothing beside that which is re
quired to resist the second. Mainly
on account of the submarine menace
and of the torpedoing of a number
of relief ships the imports of the com
mission for relief have fallen this
year far below the average.
The workman must live on a ration
of .100 grammes of bread a day and
the platter of soup provided by the
communal authorities. This is about
half the food necessary to keep alive
in ordinary times a man who is not
doing any physical work. If the shop
(Continued on Tage Two, Column Two.)
Food at Danger Point
In France and Denmark
Washington, D. C, Dec. 30.
Further reduction of civilian ra
tions in European countries today
was reported necessary.
Information received by the food
administration said the wheat short
age in France was becoming alarm
ing and that Maurice Long, min
ister for general revictualling for
the French government, had indi
cated a decrease of 20 per cent in
the bread ration soon would be im
perative. Denmark also is looking forward
to a reduction of the bread ration
because final figures for the
cereal harvest show a total of only
62,000,000 bushels, or 20,000,000
bushels less than in 1916.
Food supplies in Switzerland are
falling off to the danger point, the
food administrator's information
said. The Swiss now may have
only a pound and a half of sugar
per person each month, half a pound
of bread daiiy, and one-fifth of a
pound of butter monthly
JAMS I). S. GREAT
New England Coal Administra
tor Declares Unless Relief
Factory Tieup Result.
(By Amnciated TrwO
Washington, Dec. 30. James J. Stor
tow, fuel administrator for New Eng
land, yesterday told Secretary Baker
that war contracts calling for hundreds
of millions of dollars' worth of clothing
and war munitions could not be car
ried to completion at the present rate
of ctal supply.
Some factories working on war
contracts have fuel sufficient for only
two weeks, Mr. Storrow said.
Chairman Hurley of the shipping
board also was called into the confer
ence between Secretary Baker and
Mr. Storrow, Mr, Storrow later made
Lack of Carriers.
"The railroad congestion, which
now has reduced the car supply for
commercial coal at the Pennsylvania
mines is bringing us less than 20
per cent of our contracts, and no coal
whatever for the hundreds of New
England plants which depend upon
buying spot coal in the market.
"The taking of our tugs and ships
for governmental purposes also has
greatly reduced the supply of coal
moving by water from the West Vir
ginia mines to Boston, Providence,
Portland and other New England coal
"Unless immediate and effective ac
tion is taken by the government with
in a few days to increase the move
ment of coal to New England the tre
mvndouir amount of war equipment
which 'the gfiverrinicnf is '" expecting
the New England factories to produce
will not be -produced. Many people do
not realize that even though we are
at war, many million tons of coal
must be burned for purposes which
come ahead even of rifles, cartridges
and poison gas."
Student Aviator Flying in
Seaplane Given Up as Lost
Tensacola, Fla Dec. 30. Officials
at the naval aviation station here to
night abandoned hope of finding alive
Student Aviator Edward K. Crowe,
who disappeared last Wednesday
while on a flight in a seaplane. It
was believed that he was caught in
fog bank and lost his course, probably
being forced to land in the bay, where
heavy seas wrecked 1ns machine.
Crowe was the son of Michael F,
Crowe of Parkersburg, W. Va., and
was a graduate of Georgetown uni
versify, Washington. He was a mem
ber of the varsity foot ball team for
Mose Marks Arrested
On Embezzlement Charge
Mose Marks, Council Bluffs horse
dealer, was placed under arrest yes
terday at his home, 220 North Second
street, upon a warrant based upon an
information filed in St. Louis charging
him with the embezzlement of $4,000.
The complaining witness is Ben B.
Franklin, Omaha horse dealer. The
trouble has grown out of a partner
Coldest December Day Is
Recorded in New York
New York, Dec. 30. With a mini
mum temperature of six degrees below
zero at 11 o'clock last night, this city
experienced the coldest weather ever,
officially recorded for December. Only
once before on December 30, 1880
was the temperature reached, ac
cording to the records of the local
Oldest Postal Employe
Dies After Epochal Service
Buffalo, N. Y., Dec. .10. Dennis
Kinkade, the oldest emlpoye of the
postal department in the country, died
here today in his 90th year. He had
delivered the mails in this city from
1853 until 1913 with a total absence
of only II days.
dram of band Louses Lxmosx
Killing Two and Wreckin
I By Ao-ltd rrro i
Salt Lake Citv. Dec. 30. Two men!
were killed outright and
exneeted to dc a the result ot an I
explosion which occurred at the Bac
chus plant of the Hercules Powder
company, 18 miles from here at 4:30
The dead are Frank Ellis and James
Hansen, who were in the wrecked
building at the time. Erer Hunter,
who had just left the st.rture, had
his eyes blown out and is considered
fatally injured. The financial loss, ac
cording to General Manager F. I.
McGanncy, will not exceed $2,000.
TUc explosion ccurp'd in the b1a;k
powder press building. The force of
BASIS FOR AGREEMENT
TO END WAR IS REACHED;
EACH OUTLINES TERMS
j Decision Follows Preliminary
Must Be Settled in Event of General Peace; Envoys
of Teutons Submit Outline of Demands to
Offset Slav Contentions.
Br AMOflttnt Fmw.)
Brest Litovsk, Friday, Dec 28. Via Berlin atid London,
Dec 30." -Provisional agreement ' on a series of important
points, including the liberation of war prisoners and resumption
of commercial relations, was reached today by the delegates of
Russia and the central power .s
0 BASIS QF AGREEMENT.
IN BABY KILLER
RAID AT PADUA
Palace of Giustiniami and
Church and Seminary in
Ruins and Three Women
(Ht AMoclated Pri.)
Headquarters of the Italian Army in
Northern Italy, Dec. 30. A large en
emy fleet of airplanes participated in
the air raid over the city of Fadua
and nearby towns Friday night. Thir
teen persons were killed and 60
wounded, the majority of the latter
In Padua the bombs fell m public
squares, near hotels, clubs ' and
churches and from the manner in
which the raid was earned, on unusual
barbarism ; and , personal - .bUterness
were nQwn. - ..,.. n.
A origin niooniight layered tne raid
ers, who operated -over wide aea
embracing the . cities of Treviso.
Montebelluna, Castel Franco' and
Padua. This squadron first appeared
over Padua at 9 p. m., when a deafen
ing bombardment fairly - shook the
citi- ... . ...
hxplosions began in the Suburbs
and gradually approached the center
of the city, where the streets were
filled with people. One bomb struck
in the middle of the main square,
opening a huge crater and killing one
person and maiming many. Another
struck a wing of the famous palace
of Giustiniami, near the St. Antonio
church, killing three women. .
The Carmelite church and seminary
also were struck and the oldest house
in Venetia, dating from 1160, was
damaged. Two people were killed
outright in front cf the American
Anglo club. The other cities within
the raided area escaped with little or
Pershing Visits King Albert
In Quarters at Belgian Front
Havre, Dec. 30. General Pershing
commander-in-chief of the, American
expeditionary forces, today visited
King Albert of Belgium. On arriving
at a station near the Belgian front,
General Pershing was received by the
king, who was accompanied by Gen
eral Ruquoy, chief of staff of tne Bel
gian army, and officers of the king's
military suite and a company of infan
try with a flag from the guard of
honor. King Albert conducted Gen
eral Pershing to the royal residence,
where the visitor remained for
luncheon. Later in the day the Amer
ican commander left the Be
front after further courtesies
Two Killed When
Salt Lake City, t
Two men Were killed
jured late this aftera
black powder press 1
pout mill at Bacchus
of Salt Lake City, wal
Steer Clear off
permit the Chilea
brazil, l'.cuador and
charge of the ardiivt'
legations in those coi
the explosion blew tl "
the bodies of Ellis a!
i duced the building tj
mew out rue conri
An 8110-pound car
the building was bl
, Ellis came to B
cules, Cal., and
Fountain Green, I'
The plant whici
000,000 supplies tl'.
mines and other
the state with expl
guarded and the
that there cannot '
picion of an out
able cause iv
blowing into th'
Parley Over Issues That
The agreement followed t discus
sion of issues which, in the event of a
general peace, would have to be set
tled among the nations represented in
the negotiations here. Tihs provi
sional discussion was terminated to
day, the basis of an agreement
adopted being reached under the res
ervation that it was to be examined
by the governments represented by
In respect of treaty relations, an
understanding was arrived at regard
ing the restoration of the situation as
it existed when the war began.
It was provided that certain laws
adopted during the war shall be can
celled, and that those affected thereby
shall be restored to their previous
rights or indemnified.
The rules in regard to payment of
war costs and damages were defined
in greater detail. Provisions were
made concerning damages sustained
by civilians outside the war area.
An agreement in principles was
reached regarding the reciprocal liber
ation and return to their homes of
war prisoners and interned civilians,
and also ,for the return of captured
Speedy resumtion of diplomatic and
consular relations is embraced in the
understandirig. , It is set forthvthat
tlir shall be immediate stoppage of -ednomic.
var,fare, establishment, of
commercial1 intercourse and the or
ganised exchange of commodities.
A substantial understanding was ar
rived at on which the basis of econo
mic relations shall be settled perma
nently. 1 '
Regarding the question ot occupied
territory the Russians made the fol
Russ Submit Proposal.
Jn full accord of the purpose dec
larations both of the contracting par
ties that they cherish . no bellicose
plans and desire to .conclude peace
without annexation's, Russia will with
draw its troops from all parts of Austria-Hungary,
Turkey and Persia, oc-.
cupied by it. while' the powers of the
quadruple alliance will w ithdraw theirs
In accordance with the principles
of the 'Russian government, which
has declared the right of all peoples
living in. Russia to self-determination,
including even separation, the popula
tions of these districts will be given
an t opportunity within the shortest
possible period of deciding entirely
and freely the question of their union
with one or the other empire, or their
formation into independent states
any troops, apart from national
this Question is decided
Ant jst i har rirtr
the hands of re.
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