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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 27, 1917)
JUST INSIDE THE DOOR OF FARNAM STREET ENTRANCE- THE BEE'S NEW WANT-AD SHOP
VOL. XLVII. NO. 165.
OMAHA. THURSDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 27. . 1917 TWELVE PAGES.
I'Jr&ntt Hi!V SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS
TT TTN f T? YT TjfNl fu
3 ills ii ii I - sja n li II . h i ' .
Enemy Infantry Inactive as Hindenburg Awaits More Re
inforcements Before Making Attack; Artillery
Fire is Heavy; Italians Retake Lcrt
Positions on Col Del Rosso.
(B.v Ansoclatrd Press.)
London, Dec. 26. The Russo-German peace negotiations
. . . .i .. . c i . .1 i . .,
ment to give the Germans time to formulate their reply to the
-jijr j rL
Russian terms, were again delayed for one day, an Exchange
Telegraph dispatch from Petrograd reports. The dispatch also
says the Germans have asked for a further postponement until :
January 24. I
(By Associated Press.)
While their guns bombard the western front, the Germans
are taking troops from the eastern front f or use elsewhere, de-
spite the provision of the Russo-German armistice prohibiting
such action. The artillery activity in France has been moderate
over most of the front and more
Meuse, northeast of Verdun,
nearly two years ago.
German infantry has not been active
and it is probable that Field Marshal
von Hindenburg is waiting for more
reinforcements before making his
heralded attack. Russian advices tell
ing of the German withdrawals in the
east add that some of the troops are
being taken to the Roumanian front.
Roumania is not taking part in the
peace negotiations and the Ukraine,
which lies beyond Moldavia and Bes-.
sarabia, is opposed to the Bolsheviki.
FRENCH MAKE RAID.
South of Juvincourt, in. the Rhcims
sector of Champagne, the French have
carried out a raid. iatc.. the-Geroun
lines and brought back prisoners. On
the British portion of the front there
have been raids in addition to the ar
tillery duel,, but no large operations
are yet indicated.
On the northern Italian front, the
Austro-German tactics appear to be to
strike alternately at vital points on
cither side of the Brenta. Checked
at Monte Asolone last week, the
enemy has struck toward the ranzela
valley, west cf the river. After two
nays of bitter fighting, the Italians
have regained possession ot lost posi
. , 1 n i r - ...... f
fro-German positions on Monte i er-1
u'ca, east of the river. j
Huns Gain Prisoners.
Merlin, claims th
capture ot .000 ;
prisoners i-. the gaining oi tne i.oi j. ei ; Garfield Testifies
Uoso. which later was lost to the . ""eid lestihes.
Italians, f Questioned by .Senator kenyon. Dr.
Lecm'Trotzkv. tire Bolsheviki for- j Garfield said his organization is com
rign minister, has protested to the j posed ot about 200 persons, chief of
Germans against the transferreuce of j whom arc engineering experts, law-
troili the eastern trout, imtiM'is. co.u proucucr.s ami jorin i.
also has ordered Russian factories to
stop the manufacture of munitions,
fie did not indicate whether his gov
ernment would take any other steps
against German violation of the arm-
jstice - j nau ueen investigated, ne saiu, anu
Germans Delay Answer. j each one had required services of en
,, , , .. , iRineers. expert accountants and law
Peace negotiations at Lrest-Litnvsk ; yer. Dr. Garfield said his chief ad
apparently arc making little progress, j yisers wcre volunteLrs and worked
I he Germans have delayed their an-. withoi!t salaries or expense accounts,
swer to the Bolsheviki terms and it is i Vr-yQ consumcrs 1)avc fet the
reported that tne conference will he ; sI)ortaKt, becausc ti,e ,,ov(.rlllI)cnt las
transferred to Stockholm shortly. In ; f 0lnp first ; its (lcnmul, but that
the meantime tne majority party m , njIc has .been changed in the hw few
the constituent assembly the social ; d Dr. Garfield said,
revolutionists, lias convoked the as- -
scmblv :o meet January 2 despite' People First.
Bolsheviki disapproval. . " e are giving it to the people
German savaeerv has been called ;
jfficially to the attention of the Am
erican troops in France. An Ameri
can sentry has' been found with his
tiiroat cut, and an official bulletin says
'he must have been so killed alter
rapture" bv a force of Germans ;
winch surprised nun. iiiiorinmion n
enemy terrorism in driving women
ami children from their homes in the
occupied section; oi France and Bel
gium to make room for German
troops, soldiers and .war materia!
also bus been given the American
... ii- t . - a f
r eirai'ii. Fair.
TVmprtiire at Omaha YeMpr-ja .
,0'vf-st ; ec'e"('iij'
l'r;!"'ijpl::! tion ....
:-.-lil thrt iinrm.il:
N'i'mi! 1'inp' rut'jr
Ovarii :v fi.r I!'.-
fc.ti,! fi- i-n ;:
OT'i. !.. V fur th"
i . .. . ,,.1' .U..II 1
j 0 ."u
1 p ' h
' ' lc,
5 a. w l :
. F 7 a-nl J-
W JJj I S a. in !
7 p. n, .Li
I p. rr,.. 2 ;
Comparative I.ooal Rrnrd. j
i 1 t . no;. U1. 1?H. !
s II 1.1 .I")
violent on the right bank of the j
the scene of the German attack
U.S. MAY POOL ALL
COAL TO SELL IT
AT AUJST PRICE
Private Consumer to Be Served
Before Government, Fuel
- Administrator TeJIs Senate
Committee at Probe.
Washington. Dec. 26. -Fuel Ad
ministrator Garfield told the senate
investigating committee today that if
the war continued very long, the gov
ernment would he compelled to pool
coal and sell it at reasonable prices.
Some coal operators, he said, were
making the greatest profits in their
history, but he considered high prices
nulus to the great production the
The fuel administrator said he saw
little relief in prospect for the rail-
roadc until ihfir on pr n f 10, i i: -nn
nitei president ot the United Aline
Workers of America. lie proceeded
to give at length details of how com
plaints against prices are handled.
Forty such complaints of operators
nrst now. he said. With a discon-
tented people we could not
much progress in the war."
Conditions are much better now
that the severe cold wave lias passed
and preparations are being made for
the future, he said.
''I can guarantee thai we hnve the
situation well in hand." Dr. Garfield
Dr. Garfield said he did not want
to place blame tor Lici-
tor lack ot iranspo; la- i
. .. .1-1 .... . . . i
'.Km on anyone hot ihd ne want to
try to shift blame that might be at
tached to hi:', administration. He
that it was impossible for the 1
railroads to cope uith the situation. ;
Traffic Responsible. j
"Coal is responsible for one-half i
e congested traffic and thousands of i
cars are being backed up at
iiciK iioiuiM Hiniunn which ine ran-
road have endeavored to move large
amounts." he said. "The oiilv thing ,
(Continued on I'asre To, oinrnn one.)
1- r. ... . . 1 1 l. ...t. :. -t. .1.
Glum Looks Change to Smiles
In Ranks of Seventh Regiment
.Met: ijt tile Seventh regiment are
congratulating themselves. The form
er "unlucky" 'guards are happy once
1 more. Luck ot the .Seventh has
! 'changed, and once again it is to be
known as the "Lucky Seventh," for
the powers that be at Washington
have corrected certain little delects
and the regiment is about receive
ei! f i recognition.
Battalion officers are bu-y impart
ing the goo, I ::ew; and hunting an
r.rmory. I'.acii .mm is eonlnletit that
.-" -. '.'.. ':) the near future I're-'di: t
V ''' i'l i.e ; npr-.:' ed 'he . -; -i-iio:
'.'1 'i reuiiint oi coinicd wrap
0LSHEV1KI POWER BEGINS
TO WANE; RED
Dispatches From Russian Capital Indicate Influence of
Ruling Party is Declining; Lack of Authority, Re
luctance of Population to Work and Scarcity
of Foodstuffs Are Reasons Ascribed.
London, Dec. 26. There have been occasional assertions
in Petrograd dispatches that.the influence and power of the Bol-
sheyiki was waning, but never with such unanimity as in special
,. . . , , , . . , 3 , . .
i dispatches dated from the Russian capital Sunday and printed
. . r
ED CROSS TO
ALL NO HALT
N BIG DRIVE
Tired But Happy Workers.Will
Storm Trenches Until 80,
0C0 Memberships Are
I Mo halt in the Ked Cross drive
until the 80,000-mark is reached is
I the spirit among tired hut happy
i workers in Red Cross headquarters.
jubilant over Omaha's record in pil-
memberships, tlie campaign com
mittee still believes it possible to
double Omaha's original quota of
The executive commit leee is going
to resolve itself into a hustling com
mittee to "hustle" memberships from
large down-town establishments
which did not make as satisfactory a
showing as the campaign committee
desired, owing to the Christmas
Returns Are Incomplete.
A number of labor unions and
many canvassers have yet to turn in
their figures and points in the county
are still unrecorded.
On the ba.sis of the government
census, which places Douglas county's
population as l''!l.'IOH, -10 per cent of
tli e county is enrolled in the Red
"li the rest of the United Stales
equaled our record, the Christinas
week drive would total 4U.000.000 Ked
Cross members in the United Slates,
instead of the 15.000,000 the national
society started out to get," said one
of the committee.
Omaha Wins Wagers.
Henry Doorly, campaign manager,
was counting the money cities who
entered the friendly contest for mem
bership owed the Omaha chapter.
The wager was $100 for the city
which would better Omaha's record
per population. Mr. D.iorly says
Denver, Dallas. Des Moines and To
ledo each owe Omaha $100. Min
neapolis and Kansas City evaded
pledging themselves in the contest.
The number of people in poor or
moderate circumstances who came
into headquarters to take out their
memberships, 500 of them every day,
is the. big outstanding feature of the '
campaign, according to the chairman.
"It shows how truly the spirit of
the people is with the Red Cross so
ciety," he said.
Totals on Omaha's response will be
wired to national headquarters todav.
; Tokens of appreciation to some of the
workers were given Christmas day.
i State Director ludsou's office re-
Illirt f'lr f I il If in til cr cIlrm-S,-,r in lir.
," . , ,' " ".'
tate: Lexington. 24 members in the
first three davs; Grand island, 5.000;
Fender, 1.200. Judge Curtis I.. Day,
" . ' MO" C' ' " ' w,rcs
, r r '.Tr ' "C PpU
Moon re.-.urrection morn in g.-
.Mrs. A. O. Carmacl: of Onfer.
Neb., reports ' KM) per cent for the
Center chapter: 1.. H. Highland of A!
?((; 11. If. Andrews of '..'alia- j
no), ,'', ano .Mary .Maxwell o
Dakota county wires the town ot Da
koto City is 100 per cent and the en
tire county is clear over the fjuota
. 1 1 u , . .1 . i : - ii . ,
pers whose governor want, to 1,1
them to prance and victory.
Glum looks have changed to smiles;
knocks have given way .to boosts:
shoulders have Ijcen thrown back;
eyes arc brighter and the gallant
"sojer" boys of the Omaha companies'
hne taken a niw l-a.-e on life. The!
whoH atmosphere of the headquarters;
in '-'amain stri ct is charged with ac-1
tivity. and joy -real, pure, unadu't-J
crated and mnarni.hed joy reigr.s j
sunn tne. One or tlie captains vvas 0 1
;-,'! cr ! 1 !u ;ood news that he :
''- ' - ''" 'e:'.:,nys 1. 1) v.Tvi'g
W ed(a-.ti:; !uoViLk"J
Nearly all make the point in one
form or other that defection from the
workmen's and soldiers' organizations
is growing constantly.
Among causes alleged are general
lack of authority, the increase in
drunkenness, the reluctance of the
population to work and the scarcity of
foodstuffs. The main desire of the
soldier is said to he for peace.
The correspondents cite instances
of Bolsheviki troops refusing to
march, declining to attack the Uk
rainians and permitting the Cossacks
to disarm them without resistance.
Fighting, it is said, is t lie last thing
they are willing or intend to do.
A hostile spirit is reported to sur
vive among the Baltic sailors and the
Red Guard, but the former are not
numerous enough to compter the
Ukrainians and the Red' Guard is
largely untrained. It is reported,
therefore, that war against the Uk
raine probably will not materialize on
any serious scale.
Bolsheviki leaders, the 1'ctronrad
correspondent of ,the Morning I'ost
j rji none SB tai urp whi 1 he
pondent of the Daily News writes:
"There is a tremendous and grow
ing opposition to the Bolsheviki
among all classes. Men who formerly
supported them are turning against
them and 'German hirelings' is a
common term of denunciation. There
is much talk of meeting the present
reign of terror with counter measures
and bomb throwing is freely sug
gested as the only method of exerting
pressure on the Bolsheviki. This is
not merely idle talk, as those who say
it are those, who already have thrown
Reports of civil war activities, how
ever, continue to be received. The
Bolsheviki government declares
definitely that its troops have cap
tured Kharkov, N'icoliaev and are
threatening the Ukrainian hold on
Odessa. The Cossacks report the
strengthening sof their hold oa thc.
i-wnetz nasm. .None ot the reports,
however, is more precise than recent
reports of a similar nature. In the
meantime nothing nuore is heard of
the efforts at reconciliation between
the Bolsheviki and the Ukraines.
It appears that the Bolsheviki com
missioners a're trying, although vain
ly, to shift some of the discontented
military units from the capital. A
Renter dispatch from Petrograd says
the I'raobrashensky regiment has de
clared its disbelief in the intention of
the Bolsheviki government to open
the constituent assembly and has re
fused to relinquish guard of the
Tauride palace until the assembly
meets, me ."semcnovsky guard regi
ment has resolved not to arrest mem
bers of the constituent assembly no
matter what orders it receives.
In cousetpience of the postpone
ment of the peace negotiations at
Brest-Litovsk because the Germans
were not ready to reply to the Rus
sian terms, the Russian delegates arc
reported to be returning to I'etrotrratL
.. .1.. il o ... ' . ,
Elicit .lpprfi eniiv iney are expected
to await, the arrival of the delegation
from the enemy powers which is to
participate in a conference for dis
cussion of the political aspects of an
eventual peace conference.
Various explanations are offered in
Petrograd dispatches of the purpose
of German concentration ot troops in
the southwest. One suggestion is
that part of these forces will be sent
to Asia Minor. Jl is predicted a large
force will be retained m the south-
west to assure
nl the val-
er dispatch from I'etroerad
reports the arrest and imprisonment
in Hie fortress of St. Peter and St.
Paul of M. Vyshnegradsky and M.
(Cnntlmiril nn rave Two, olimm Oiw.)
Dodge Troops Denied
Rails on Xmas Leave
Des Moines, la., Dec. 26 Sev
eral hundred soldiers from Camp
Dodge returned. today from Christ
mas leaves spent at home, many
having been compelled to make the
entire trip, in some cases several
hundred miles, by automobile.
Christmas leaves permitting use
of steam transportation were grant
ed only 5 per cent of the men in
camp, and others who went home
were required to sign affidavits that
they would not use the steam rail
roads on their journey.
More than 200 men motored to
Minneapolis, and other parties went i
to Moi nc, Umncy, In.: h eol-i'lc, Ja.:
St. Paul. Minn., and other points.
OF GIGANTIC SYSTEM
V31XiAI-l G. H ADOO.
FOR U.S. TROOPS
Major General Q'Ryan Gives j
Investigating Committee First
Hand Information $f Con
ditions at Front.
Washington, Dec. 2o. First hand
information about the equipment and
training of America's fighting men in
France and in training camps at home
was given the senate military commit
tee today by Major General John F.
O'Ryan. commanding the New York
National Guard division at Camp
Wadswortlr; Spartanburg, S. C, re
centlv returned from an observation
Before the general took the stand
the committee, on resuming its inves
tigation of war preparations after a
.. i. . ' t . ,
snoi i . inisunas rec ess, sent to tlie
War department a resolution urging
that immediate sfeps he taken without
regard to departmental routine to sup
ply deficiencies of winter clothing to
men in the camps.
The action was based upon late re
ports reaching the committee as well
as upon evidence hearl last week.
Most of General O'Ryan's testi
mony, particularly that referring to
conditions at the front was heard in
executive session. He was questioned
for three hours with the door closed,
but the public was given an oppor
tunity to hear him for an hour during
which he discussed chiefly the situ
ation at home.
Not Equipped for Fighting.
General O'Kjan said his men were
adequately equipped for Jraining,
though nt for fighting and'that he
would like to see them have two more
months of training before they went
t the front. He thl the committee
that the great need of the war was
artillery and recommended that the
troops aboard be supplied with winter
iioiuing oi Heavier quality.
The resolution offered by Senator
McKcllar'of Tennessee, declares that
upon "unquestioned proof" there is a
shortage of at least 20,000 overcoats
J .1 7 Of .i , . .
aii'i 1,1'ut wooien mouses
national armv cantonments.
iis -oiopiion loiiowc'l the testimony
last week of Ouarterinaster General
harpe, who admitted shortage of
winter equipment ii) .some camps, but
said all necessary supplies have been
shipped and would be 50011 received.
J he. resolution sav
I . r i ,
Cites Lack of Woolens.
"ft appearing to the committee
from unquef tinned proof addiic-d be
fore it that, many enlisted men in
Camps Wheeler, Shelby. Kearney,
Dix. Jackson, Grant. Custer. Beaure
gard and in the camp at Fort Worth,
(( ontiimril on fngr Klvr, Column Ht,
f ll As -
I 1 ; !
if 1 4. i j
"Aijlv.-:-. v..-.-. -
Mediator to Settle All Disputes
Between Packers and Employes
Chicago. Oec. 20. Tlie formal
agreement w hereby John k. Williams,
fuel administrator for Illinois, be
comes sole arbiter of all differences
between the packing houses and their
employes for the duration of the war
was signed today.
1'y the a'i e('tne-:t, brought about
by the federal government, there can
be no strikes or lockouts while the
i war !a-ts. ail '(notions Mr. Wil
li;, o'is' decision w ill he lm; I. He will
continue aNo as luel .'idmmMrator.
a.vrcenn-tu 'va- rearnei ve-
frd.ir jitter a series of eoi"'erf 11 -r
conducted bv i'lesident 'il;,on's
President to Ask Guarantees of Congress Promising Rail
roads Will Be Maintained in Good Repair and
Complete Equipment; Fixed Net Oper
ating Income Abo to be Assured.
illy oHtni 1'reuO
Washington, Dec. 26. President Wilson announced to
night that he will assume possession and operation of every
railroad in the continental United States at noon Friday, De
cember 28, and that he had appointed Secretary McAdoo di
rector general of railroads.
Secretary McAdoo, whose appointment is made Jy formal
proclamation, is expected to direct the unification and opera
lion of the roads through their present managements. He will
retain his place in the cabinet as secretary of the treasury.
In a statement accompanying his proclamation the presl
dent announced that when congress re-assembled he would ask
that definite guarantees be given that the railroad properties
will be maintained in as good repair and as complete equip
ment as when taken over, and that the net operating income ill
each case shall equal the average net operating income of the
three years preceding June 30, 1917.
The railroads will be taken over under war authority al
ready granted by congress, through the secretary of war.
WILL NOT TALK
OF RAIL CHANGE
Heads of Lines Mum as Oysters
When It Comes to Discussing
,the President's Action in
Taking Over Roads.
When the leading officials of the
railroads operating in and out of Oma
ha were informed that President Wil
son will assume control of and op
erate the railroads of the United
States, Friilay noon with Secretary
McAdoo, as director general, they
were, as mum as oysters.
Not one of them would express an
opinion relative to what this means,
so far as the transportation lines arc
"1 am not saying a word," was the
universal response of railroad presi
dents, general managers and super
intendent. One official high up in railroad cir
cles, unbended a little, however, and
went so far as to say:
"I am not fool enough to talk on
this subject," and then apparently for
getting himself, added:
"1 am not saying a won!; there is
nothing to say a this time."
by use of germs
Cleveland. O., Dec. 26. A plot
to poison Red Cross bandages and
spread wholesale death among the
soldiers of America and its allies has
been exposed and frustrated here.
Revelations of the conspiracy were
made today when it became known
that Department of Justice agents
were hunting the perpetrators of the
I In ce thousand four hundred sur
gical dressings rolled by patriotic
women in Toledo were infected with
a mysterious greenish poison w hile in
transit between Toledo and Cleve
land. Immediately every one of the
i .1400 bandages was burned.
1 The poisoned bandages were part
ot the periodical shipments received
at tiie local headquarters of the lake
division ot the Red Cross headquar
ters in other cities in (lie division.
v.incli comprises UI110, Indiana and
been here tor a
board, which I
iaiui oolimics nt nit; siock yards.
'I he agreement practically is a con
tract between the packes ami em
ployes on one side and the United
States government on the other. It
gives the government, through a
mediator, the right 1 1 control all labor
di-putes in every big packing plant in
the United States, and. according to
1-.1..... 1. :.. . 1. ...!.
members ot tne mediation commission, 1
is the first document of its kind ever j said Mr. Stevens, the situation is im
'igned in this country. Under it there proving by reason of measures taken
1,1:1 'e neither s'rikc wr lockout in j by the board to adjust djjftrenc.es
packing plants during the war. j wherever they arise, ' i
MATTER OF NECESSITY.
The president's statement follows:
"I have exercised the powers over
the transportation systems of the
country which were granted me by the
H i" t f 1- rn n r m f A ........ i. imc V-
v.. wiigitaa ui nuguni, .131U, DC- .
cause it has become ' impefaVeiy
necessary for me to rio so.
"This is a war of resources no less
than of men. perhafi even more than
of men, and it is Viecessary for the
complete mobilization of our re
sources that the transportation sys
tems of the country ajrould be organ
ized and employed under a single au
thority and a simplified method of co
ordination which has not proved pos
sible under private management and
"The committee of railway execu
tives who have been co-operating with
the government in this all-important
matter have done the utmost that it
was possible for them to do; have
done it with patriotic zeal and with
great ability; but there were difficul
ties that they could neither escape
SOME ROADS SUFFER.
"Complete unity of administration
in the present circumstances involves
upon us a grave responsibility, and
the committee was of course without
power or authority to re-arrange
charges or effect proper compensa
tions or adjustments of earnings.
"Several roads which were willing
ly and with admirable public spirit
accepting the orders of the committee
have already suffered from these cir
cumstances and should not be requir
ed to suffer further. In mere fair
ness to them the full authority of
the government must be submitted.
I he government itself will thereby
gain an immense increase of efficiency
in the conduct of the war and of
the innumerable activities upon which
its successful conduct depends.
"The public interest must he first
served, and, in addition, the financial
interests of the government and the
financial interests of the railways must
be brought under a common direc
tion. "The financial operations of the
railways need not then interfere with
the borrowings of the government
and they themselves can be conducted
at a greater advantage. Investors in
railway securities may rest assured
that their rights and interests will be
as scrupulously looked after by the
government as they could he by the
directors of the several railway sys
tems. Immediately upon reassem
bling of congress I shall recommend
that these definite guarantees be
Kept in Perfect Repair.
"Fir.sJt, of course, that the railui.
properties will be maintained during
the period of federal control in as
good repair and as complete equip
ment as when taken over bv the gov
ernment, and. second, that "the roads
shall receive a net operating income
cuual in each case to the average net
income of the three years preceding
June .10, 1917, and 1 am entirely con-
tident that the congress will be dis
posed in this case, as in others, to see
( niitlmie.l nn I'axe Two. Column Three.)
Blame Labor Troubles for
Delay in Ship Building
By .Woriatd I'rrss.)
Washington. Dec. 26. Labor
troubles were blamed for much nf
delay in the government's ship build-
! nig program ty Raymond B. Stevens,
1 vice chairman of the shipping boardj
testifying today in the senate commit
Since the United States went to
war. Mr. Stevens said, ship yards
have In..; a total of 536,992 working
days by strike and other disputes.
Ibis, he tia tired. renrrsenU Ihp wnrl-
of 20.000 men for a month H:mt;i,.
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