Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 23, 1917, Image 1

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    Dhe Omaha
PAGES 1 TO 14.
Irotzky Says Will Not Accept "Offensive Peace Terms;"
Members of Constituent Assembly Rebel Against
Lenine Tyranny; Kaledines Recognized as
Savior of Russian Democracy.
London, Dec 22. The resignation of General Kaledines
and his associates in the military government of the Cossacks,
who have been resisting the Bolshevik!, is reported in a Petro
grad dispatch to the' Times. The purpose of this move is said to
be to permit the formation of
! 1
uenerai itaiemnes explains ne nas aeciaea u wunaraw on ac
count of his unpopularity with the troops at the front, who re
fuse to obey him in consequence of .misrepresentations on the
part of his enemies. The dispatch does not suggest any weak
ening of the Cossack movement, which is represented in other
reports as still progressing.
. t
(By Associated Prmi.)
Opposition by the Ukrainians and the followers of General
Kaledines to the Bolsheviki movements, together with an un
confirmed report that the Germans have rejected the peace pro
posals of the Bolsheviki delegates, continue to" overshadow mil
itary operations in the European war.
The report that a definite alliance f.
has been formed between the Ukrain
ians and the Don Cossacks gives cred
ence to another rumor that the Uk
rainian Rada has definitely notified
the Bolsheviki commissioners that, it
will not reconsider its action in aiding
the Kaledines forces.
German attacks in Alsace liave been
repulsed, according to the French war
office. The chief of these attacks at
Hartmanns Weilerkopf took the Ger
mans into the first line French trench
es, but in the engagement that follow
ed they were driven out with heavy
losses. At. other points along- the
French front artillery activity has
been intermittent, encept at Oaarieres
wood, in the Champagne region.
KTicims again has been shelled by the
Germans. . .
In Flanders the Belgian war office
reports artillery activity, though kss
intense because of fog. -, '
Ah offensive movement Initiated by
the Italians, .in .which they. launched
seven attacks against the. enemy front
west of Monte Asolone, -is claimed by
the German official communication to
have been without success. .
. In the region of Doiran, in.the east
ern war'tbeater, artillery activity con
tinues, lit the same war theater Brit
ish troops have carried out a" success
ful raid in the region of Lake Butkova,
capturing one officer and 54 Bulgarian
in Argentina..
The publication of telegrams sent
lv Count von Luxburg, former Ger
nian minister, to the Berlin foreign
office has resulted in riots in Buenos
Aires, where crowds -of people as
sembled and demanded a rupture of
relations wi'.h Germany. A mob in
the Calle Florida ' was dispersed
afrer a fight with mounted police.
Guards again have been stationed
around property owned by Germans
in the city, and police are guarding
the office of La Union, the ..cws
paper for which Count von Lux
burg obtained a subsidy. Congress, is
expected to insist. upon an explana
tion Dy the government of the condi
tions revealed in the Von Luxburg
Trotzky Won't Kneel. '
Petrograd, Dec. 22. Leon' Trotzky,
the B61sheviki forefgjminister, in ad
dressing the council of soldiers' and
workmen, declared that if the German
emperor offered "offensive" peace
terms the , Russians ' would fight
against it.
"We did not' overthrow czarism. to
kneel before the kaiser," he cried.
Continuing, he said: .
"But if through our exhaustion we
had to accept the kaiser's terms, we
would do so to rise with the German
people against German militarism."
The total , number of members
elected to the constituent assembly is
now 368, but only 48 . of these have
been registered as members by the
The Weather
For Nebraska Unsettled: some-j
hat warmer. j
Temperature t Omaha Teterdj. ,
Hour. 5:1
t m'.'.'.'.'.'.'.V.'. jj I
7 a! mY.'.'.'.y.'J'.'. It
19 a. m. .
11 a. ro.-. ...
15 m
1 p. m......
2 p. n
3p. m 44
4 p. m
p. it
p. m
7 p. nt
39 I
! i;
CvmparatlTe Local Berord.
mi. nie.-nis.
II IK heft yeterdy.... 4 14 H
Lo.est yesterday.... I" S 84
M.-an temperature ..34 .10 43
Frecipitation 1 -m
Temperature and precipitation departure
from the normal at Omaha ince March 1
ami compared with the last two years: J
Normal temperature ... :s
toui" Jficienry in ' Uarct i" i '. '. V. '. '. '. '. 40 ; by occupants are informed of the ap-j
Normal precipitation .o inch j pearance of the morals squad in that
iw7"tj5,VrVi;'r",M'Mle.idistrict' a "lookout" man giving the'
TnLl rainfall Bin' Marco l . . ..i .7 rocnes . . t 0 .
rcecy -me. March i 7.13 inche. alarm when the raiders appear.
ifirin.-T for cor. period. Inche Bell bovs and taxi drivers are men-1
i,ridency for cor. period. s.ot inche
T" indicate trce of precipitation.
ladicaw below wro.
J A. WELSH. Meteorologist. .
a strong popular government 1
I J- !JJ ?il 1
McGuire Writes Kugel That Un
less Detectives Become Ac
tive Governor Neville
. Will Suspend Them.
T. J. McGuire, special state prose
cutorand assistant city attorney, has
addressed a. letter to Superintendent
Kugel of the police department, stat
ing that unless" immediate- and per
sistent support is given by the'police
department in enforcement .of the
prohibitory and other laws, action
will be started against 'some of the
patrolmen and detectives.
The first paragraph of Mr. Mc
Guire' s letter reads:
"1 wish to advise you that unless I
receive immediate. and persistent sup
port from the police department, I
shall be compelled to have a number
of men summarily suspended by Gov
ernor Nevillo."
The letter is signed by Mr. Mc
Guire as special state prosecutor and
assistant city attorney.
Makes General Charges.
Prosecutor McGuire enters various
charges of a general nature against
the patrolmen and detectives, but
mentioned none by name. He informs
the superintendent of police that he
has received reports ; that the police
are "fraternizing, not to say sympa
thizing," with bootleggers and men
connected : with the illegal sale of
liquor. '
"It , would appear that ' the state
agents and members of the police de
partment are working at cross-purposes.
Some of the policemen are
handicapped by reason of connection
of authority and in some instances
they refuse to proceed for fear of
blame from superior officers," wrote
the' state prosecutor.
' I -' Support is Necessary.
"As special state prosecutor I must
have support of the. policemen and
detectives in the enforcement of laws
against prqhibition, gambling and im
morality," was another paragraph.
Mr. McGuire emphasized a state
ment that he has received reports of
laxity in law enforcement in the
South Side, the Brown Park district
being referred to, as well as M, ST,
O and Q streets, Twenty-fourth to
Twenty-fifth streets. In that connec
tion he stated that reports have been
received to the effect that soldiers
from Fort Crook may be . seen any
i morning coming out of houses in the
south nje. ' .
Charges are . made that there are
leaks of information whhia the ranks
0f members of the police department
ar,d awiong 'hose whose duty it is to
enforce the. laws complained of. Mr.
McGuire infers that these leaks might
be traced to policemen and detectives
are supposed to enforce.
Advised to Stop "Leaks."
Superintendent Kugel is advised to
apply effective stop-gaps to these
leaks within his ranks.
Charges are made' of unrestricted
j law violations in Benson, this having
i reference to' bootlegging particularly.
I "The warning given by the mayor
land others of the council last-summer
i during the reorganization of the po-
ears," was one of the arraignments
of the prosecutor.
It Is alleged that houses on Capitol
a venue have a system of bells where-
tione(j as instrumentalities in the pro-
. . , , K .
motion of bootleggmg and other vio-
I !
I OwQQp) I
Mother of State Up 4n Arms
Over Alleged Conditions
t m . as Reported in The ,
... . ... Bee.- -
If the War department "is not tak
ing care of the boys at Camp Fun
ston, the Nebraska branch of the Na
tional League for Woman's Service
Mrs. William Archibald Smith,
chairman of the Omaha section, an
nounces she had had a long-distance
telephone conference with Mrs. W.
G. Langworthy of Lincoln, state
president, with reference to the story
of conditions at Camp Funston told
to The Bee by Mrs. A. B. McCon
nell. "Women in Lincoln are greatly ex
ercised over Mrs. McConnell's recital
of conditions and want to do every
thing possible to alleviate these con
ditions if the story is true," Mrs. Tay
lor said. (
"If there is work for the league to
do, we will attempt it at once," said
Mrs. Smith. "We have quite a large
number of sweaters on hand and will
dispatch them immediately. Our
league has not much money, but, if
necessary, we will make a-public ap
peal for funds."
Mrs. Smith was to confer with Mrs.
McConnell during the day.
Washington, Dec. 22. Meatless
mince meat, another culinary triumph
in the art of the food administration,
has been brought to the housewives
of the country by the National Em
ergency Food Garden commission as
a worthy companion of pumpkinless
pie and gingerless gingerbread.
The new mince meat, officially de
scribed as a "camouflage," was tried
on 500 troops on a transport, Mho
pronounced it perfect and called for
Half a package of seeded raisins,
half a pound of prunes stewed with
lemon juice and peel, one-quarter cup
sweet cider, four tablespoons brown
sugar; chop the raisins and prunes
together and the result h said to be
a meatless mince pie which will ac
cord with the food administration's
meatless Tuesday.
As turkey does not violate the meat
less day," Christmas dinner may be
To give employes of this paper
an opportunity to observe the
holiday as far , at .possible, The
Bee will net issue an evening pa
per Tuesday.
It was our desire to join with
the other Omaha dailies to dis
continue publication altogether
on Christmas day, but to meet
competition we will print the
morning edition as usual, and
serve subscribers with The Morn
ing Bee in tea d.
Santa Knows
Stop Use of Invisible
Ink and Code by Teutons
Washington, Dec. 22. An exten
sive traffic in written communica
tions to Germany, Austria and the I
northern European neutrals, in
volving use of invisible ink and code
system, has been discovered and
stopped by customs -officials -within ;
the last few weeks, treasury of- 1
tficials disclosed today. -
Armed Steamer Stephen Fur
ness Torpedoed and Sunk in
Irish Channel by Ger
man U-Boat.
(By AmuM-iated Pre.)
London, Dec. 22. The British
armed steamer Stephen Furness has
been torpedoed and sunk by a Ger
man submarine in the Irish channel,
it was officially announced today. Six
officers and 95 men were lost.
The Stephen Furness was a mer
chantman of 1,712 tons gross, built in '
1910 at West Hartlepool and owned
by the Tyne Tees Shipping company,
Limited, of Newcastle. It was one of
the many merchantmen- that, have
been refitted by. the . admiralty for
naval uses.
Plans are being made at Hastings
for the formation of the Western Ne
braska Teachers' .association, whose
membership will cover western and
central parts of the state.
The effect of this would be to cut
the Nebraska State Teachers' associa
tion into two organizations. Sentiment
in Lincoln is divided on this proposed
The promoters explain that under
the present system of balloting for the
annual state teachers' meeting Omaha
seems to have a walkaway. The vote
at the recent convention in Omaha
was overwhelmingly in favor of Oma
ha for next year's meeting.
It is proposed to hold the first meet
ing of the new association at Hastings
next November and to arrange a pro
gram that will be as attractive as the
one in Omaha. Some are in favor
of arranging the dates of the two con
ventions so that the principal speak
ers at one may appear at the other.
Another argument advanced for the
new association, is that 300 to 400
miles to Omaha is too far for the
teachers of the western part of the
state to travel to a state convention.
Bailey to Sail for France
First Week in January
E. F. Bailey, general secretary for
j the Young Men's Christian associa
tion, at Jackson, Mich., has written to
I J. O. Philippi, his father-in-law, that
! he will sail for France during the first
i week in January. In r ranee he will
j represent the executive department of j
the association. His wife' will stay
with Mr. and Mrs. Philippi during his
absence. - .
Secretary Bailey is an Omaha boy
and a son of J. P. Baiiey of this city.
nni in'ioiiiiDic
. ! Says Department Wants to
Kill His Miichme Gun and
' Crozier Is Preju-. .
Washington,' Dec. 22. Colonel
, haac Lewis, inventor of the machine
gun bearing his naiitc, today told the
f senate committee investigating - con
i duct of the war that while Still an
I active officer in the. United States
! army, he tried without avail to per
suade the' War department to accept
the gun free of cost as an act of pa
triotism. - '
Colonel Lewis said he took his in
vention to the chief of staff, then
Major General Leonard Wood. "Even
i last June I went to the present sec
retary of war and offered him all mv
interests, without any emolument,'
he declared. "The only condition,
which I think was fair, was that the
official test should rot be made at
the Springfield arsenal."
"My offer wasn't even considered"
Colonel Lewis protested- "It was
turned down flat." I
A letter dated December 11, last.
renewing his'offer of his gun to Sec
I retary Baker, was read by Colonel
Lewis. In it he offered also to turn
over' all his share 43 per cent of
all" royalties, aggregating $2,000,000
i under existing contracts. In the let
j ter Colonel Lewis protested alleged
! injustice of statements by Secretary
1 Baker regarding his gun. He cited
the success the British had had with
his arm and declared that of 12 Zep
pelins brought down by the British
10 were bagged with the Lewis gun.
Senator Chamberlain asked why the
War department should oppose the
Lewis gun and the inventor replied.
"They want to. kill it, to take the
label off it."
The 1913 test was premature,
against his judgment, Colonel Lewis
declared, but he did not regard the
outcome as a failure for his gun.
"The gun is just the same today
as it was then, not a change made,"
Colonel Lewis said, declaring Gen
eral Crozier had adopted various dif
ferent types of machine guns, spend-
ing millions on the Benet-Mercier (a
rrencn gun.
"All the other experts believe the
Browning is the best gun developed
auu juu arc iiic uiiiy unc against
them," Senator Hitchcock suggested.
Lewis replied that the experts were
interested in manufacturing the
Colonel Lewis declared the ord
nance bureau was a "one man ma
chine" and said General Crozier had j
used his office for personal- malice
against a man not in the "ring." Mr.
Lewis said he did not think the ord
nance department was corrupt but
hopelessly inefficient.
Responding to other questions,
Lewis charged that General Crozier's
attitude towards him was due both
to personal and professional prejudice.
Arthur L Palmer Appointed
Secretary to State Fuel Head
State- Fuel Administrator Kennedy
announces the appointment of Ar
thur L. Palmer, young Omaha attor-i
ney, as executive secretary to assist
him in the fuel administration work.
Mr. Palmer has entered upon his ac
tive duties.
Fred B. Loomis will handle the dis
tribution of fuel, while Mr. Palmer
will have general" charge of the state
office under Mr. Kennedy
Fire Reported Burning Fiercely for La$t Twenty-four
Hours; Destruction of Plant May Put Effective
Damper 6n German Hopes for Suc
cess in World War.
Maestricht, Holland, Friday, Dec. 21. (British Admi
ralty, per Wireless Press.) Workmen from Essen, Germany,
say that the Krupp plant, the great German munitions estab
lishment, has been ablaze for 24 hours.
This great plant was one of the prominent factors in the
preparations of the German government for the world war, and
in the marked efficiency of that government in carrying it on.
(?) uav nirpirAT r.powAMV
Nearly 45,000 Memberships
Obtained by Noon Today;
Now Trying to Reach
70,000 Goal.
Omaha pissed its quota of 40,000
Red Cross memberships early Satur
day morning. By noon the figures
had swelled to close to 45,000- The
figures on the Christmas stocking
indicator on the First National bank
building have been renumbered to
70,000,-and the campaign committee is
working harder than ever to reach this
goal. Street solicitation today in
charge of Mrs. Henry Doorly will
bring in a large number, it is thought.
' "Turn in your money, memberships
and supplies to campaign headquar
ters," is the word emanating from that
source ith the end of the big mem
bership" drive in sight. "Sixty per
cent of the 5,000 solicitors are holding
out their money and making no re
ports. This is seriously embarrassing
the campaign committee, which has
no way in which to estimate the real
standing of Omaha in the nation-wide
Many Places Re-Visited.
, Failure to return reports is' also
causing a great deal of duplication of
effort. . Not satisfied with the mem
bership standing, the campaign com
mittee is sending out squads of solici
tors who return with the statement
that memberships have already been
taken out in these designated places.
Headquarter?, however, have no rec
ord of this on account of laxity of
solicitors in turning in their money
and cards.
"We cannot emphasize too strongly
how important it is that the returns
be made as soon as possible," say the
campaign committee members in one
Sunday morning at 9 o'clock vol
unteer workers will report at head
quarters in the Keeline building for
assignment to districts for the after
noon residence district drive.
Mrs. W. B. Tagg of the South Side
woman's committee reports 1,500
memberships by her committee. Seven
hundred memberships were taken out
at the two booths in headquarters in
the Keeline building Friday.
Theater Audiences Help.
At the Orpheum and Strand
theaters, 270 memberships were taken
Friday night. At the Orpheum $97
was thrown on the stage for member
ships for poor who could not afford
them. A Cleveland man threw a $-0
gold piece on the stage at the Strand.
L. A. Williams of Blair purchased a
$25 membership in Detroit, another
$25 one in Omaha and threw a $25
check on the stage at the Orpheum.
J. Kitnck, a laborer for the Drake
Williams company, endorsed a $9
pay check and sent it with a letter
to the Red Cross committee.
The f!. C. Fnltz home is ntiarantinrd
with scarlet fever but the family tele-
phoned thev had a S3 membership.
The committee is Koinjr after the
money, quarantine or no quarantine
Miss Elizabetli Davis turned in $145
,in memberships in hairdrcssing and
millinery establishments.
C. S. Montgomery made a Red
(Continued on Pae Two, Column Two.)
Washington, Dec. 21. In addition
the report of the lake division,
which has exceeded its quota of en
rollments in the Red Cross Christmas
membership campaign, reports to
headquarters here tonight show the
Atlantic division, comprising New
York, Connecticut and New Jersey
have passed the 1,000,(KX) mark, Xew
York Citv suDDlvine 421. (XX).
The Pennsylvania division reported
631,953 members, of whiclr Phila
delphia furnished 379,000. The south
western' division, including Missouri,
Kansas, Arkansas, Oklahoma and
Texas, reported that returns received
assured an enrollment of 1,700,000. Its
quota is 1,162,000
Its destruction would be a serious
handicap to the German army arid
would deprive it of its principal source
of military supplies. Even its partial
destruction would delay if not prevent
Hindenburg'a projected offensive
against the western front and play no
small part in forcing the Germans to
cease hostilities in Italy. .
The plant at Essen, the main estab
lishment of the Krupps, the largest
manufacturers in Germany of arms
and munitions, employed about 30,-
000 men before the war. It has been
expanded freatly during the war.
Facts relating to its present size
and C.e number of workmen are kept
secret by the German government .
It was reported unofficially in Octo
ber of last year that about 70,000 per
sons, including several thousand wo
men, were at work there and that 20,
000 were to be added to the force.
Early this year there was a '.strike
at the Krupp works, said to have been
due to lack of food. It was reported
that 40,000 workers were involved and
that the authorities combatted it by
sending many of the men to the front,
but little authentic information was
permitted to come out of Germany.
Essen is in Rhenish Prussia, about
40 miles from the Dutch border. Few
places in Germany are guarded more
carefully ,No persons unknown to the
Gertuau authorities are permitted to
visit the town. . . . .-, ,
1 The plant has been' raided several
times by French and British airmen,
notwithstanding its formidable anti
aircraft defenses. Press dispatches
last July said 100 persons there bad
been killed in a raid by French air
planes and that considerable damage
had been done to the works.
Phoenix. Ariz., Dec. 22. The Ari
zona supreme court today seated G.,
W. P. Hunt as governor of Arizona.
Hunt contested the election of Gov
ernor Campbell, who now holds the
oflice. Hunt is a democrat.
On the 'face of the returns Camp- "
bell was given the certificate of elec-;
tion by the small margin of 31 votes. "
Hunt instituted a contest, declaring
that a recount would show he had
been elected. He declined to surren
der the office on January 1, but when
the supreme court issued an order
declaring Camp!!! the de factor gov
ernor pending tile appeal he vacated
and Campbell has held the office dur
ing these months.
On a recount of the vote Judge San
ford of the superior court of Mari
copa contity declared CampbcJI
elected. The decision of the lower
court was regarded as ambiguous and
an appeal was taken to the court
above, which today unanimously de
cided that the recount showed that
Hunt had oeen elected by 43 votes.
Fremont Kennel Club
Helps Gardner Family
"Enclosed find draft1 for $10.50.
Please hand to Mrs. T. Gardner to
accept with our compliments, and if
'Shep' gets hungry to call on us
again." ,
The foregoing is the text of a com-"y
munication received at The Bee office
from Otto Pohl, secretary of the Fre
mont Kennel club. In compliance to
Mr. Pohl's request the draft will be
turned over to Mrs. T. Gardner, 6148
Bedford avenue, for the benefit of
her children and faithful "Shep."
Fremont dog lovers just could not
resist the stirring appeal of the Card-
tier "kiddies" that they be allowed to
keep their dumb companion when,,
their mother made public the fact that
she desired to sell "Shep" to get "i
money to buy necessities, and with
the help of kind-hearted people the
little almost brokep-hearted "kiddies'
will not be deprived of their pet.
It sure will be a joyous Christmas
in the Gardner home.
Janitor Attends Court
' House Dance in "Spike Tails"
Court house employes and their
friends held their annual holiday
dance in thv. rotunda of the court
house Friday night. More than 200
dancers took part in the festivities.
One of the janitors attended the
dance attired in correct evening at
tire. In spite of the starchy atmo- ,
sphere created by the appearance of a"
"swallow-tail," and "sUk tile." the ;
formality of the occasion was soon
thawed by the efforts of the jazz band
and the marble halls of justice rang
with the latest rag as if nothii'; uv
usual had happens