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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 22, 1917)
e Omaha Daily
4 THE WEATHER
H PACES ONE TO TEN
VOL. XL VII. NO. 161.
OMAHA. SATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 22. 1917. TWENTY PAGES.
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SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS
I AM CAPITAL
SOLDIERS RIOT IM MSS
ARGEMTIMA TOMME WAR
SAMMIES ABROAD MUST
GO SLOW ON BOOZE SAY
ARMY ORDERS FROM U. S.
Strict Regulations Issued Demanding Abstinence from All
Liquors Except Beers and Light Wines; French Com
ment Favorably on High Moral Standards of
American Forces Quartered There.
(Br Aristd Pre.)
With the American Army in France, Dec. 21. All alcoholic
beverages except light wines and beers are denied to members
of the American expeditionary forces in France by General
Pershing, in general orders issued today. Extraordinary meas
ures are being taken to insure sobriety and a high moral stand
ard in the army, and the officers have been informed they will
be held to strict accountability for the fullest compliance with
PUNISH DRUNKENNESS. 0
The text says: j
"Should men return to camp intoxi-!
cated, they will be seized by the !
guard. Cases of drunkenness should
be subjected to prompt disciplinary j
measures. Commanding officers at all j
places where troops are located will j
confer with the French authorities
and use every endeavor to limit to the j
lowest possible the number ot place
where liquor is sold.
It is desired that the authorities be
assisted in locating non-licensed re
sorts, which should be reported im
mediately for necessary action.
"Soldiers are forbidden either to
buy either buy or accept as gifts
whisky, brandy, champagne, liquors
or other alcoholic beverages other
than light wines or beers. The gift
or the retail sale of these by inhabi
tants in the zone of the army are for
bidden by French law. Commanding
officers will see that all drinking
places where the liquors named are
sold be designated as "of limits" and
the necessary means adopt to prevent
soldiers visiting them.
"Camp, regimental, battalion and
company commanders willjse held to
a strict accourrraftrrfty for the fulest
compliance with the requirements of
Guard Boys' Morals.
As regards morality the protection
ot the troops begins the moment
hey land and is continuous constantly
thereafter. The order says that at the
ports of debarkation, by co-operation
with the French authorities and, if
necessary, the use of the military sec
ret police, every endeavor shall be
made to locate the habitations and
sections of. towns frequented by im
iioral women. Such places will be de
clared "of limits" and posted for each
company oretachment, and the fre
quenting or visiting of these places
by members of the American expedi
tionary force is prohibited. Local
commanders at all other towns and
places, where troops are stationed or
billeted, are instructed to observe the
provisions of the order when local
conditions indicate the advisability of
'For the information of friends and
relatives it may be said that ranking , year-s button. The girls are keen
officers declare that the sobriety and eved and you cant put anvthjng over
high moral standards of the American on them," in the word going out from
iorces as a wuuic nave uccyiy 1111- i
pressed the French civilian and mili-1
Conductor Killed When
Train Goes Over Bank
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 21.
James A. Simcoe, conductor, was kill
ed and four other members of a
freight train crew of the Denver &
Rio Grande railroad were seriously
injured on the Park City branch line
near here today, when the brakes fail
ed to act on a steep decline and
the train plunged over a 50-foot em
bankment. Simcoe stuck to the train,
but the other four men jumped just
before the engine with IS cars top
pled over the embankment.
For Nebraska Cloudy, not much
hangc in temperature.
Tnifperatnre ut Omaha Yesterday.
M u: h
M'RIl I" ! i ' p
'i'einperatiir.- ami prc-iplta Hon
from the normal:
Kiess fur the Jay
Deficiency lines March 1, 1317.
Xonnal prtf lpitstton
t-v-; -i--.. rnr tha rinv
Total precipitation since March 1- 31.. MU
Precipitation sine March 1 - ; "hat
deficiency sine-: March 1 '-20
I,-flclncy for cor. period, 1916. 12.63 Inches
iu.firicy force- period. IMS.. l.M Inches
l Amp. oi&m- i'""1
: ,. !,, rl. fall
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I . ,-. r. r!..H.ly 1 '
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1 lu- t'l'v. !;. 1 .-I. r.1;. "
i ul.;r. ci.'..r .
-r:h Plat'. .
' 'innhn, clnu-.'v .
I'U'-Mo. part cloudy
I la Pil City, clear -,
Lake City. li cWy.4"
T tnriirt tri-B of ureclpl ta ' ion
- Inlicat'!! blow'iero.
1,. ,. WEUCH. Mteorolo
i, . , i 5 a. in 27
v J 6 a. m 28
-V , 7 i 7 a. m 16
( - ! 1 1 8 a. m 26
a. m 27
VTf H a. ro 29
' C( (tif I p. m 31
2 p. m 34
Ini'i'iualiif l.mal Record. ,
HOT. 1 !!:. 1?1. 1311
' ... ,-,Ih .... -1 ;
tun: ... 3 '
'iO oi' 0" .6'J
NOW AIM OF
Workers Reach 35,000 Mark
at Noon; Drive to Con
tinue Saturday and
To double Omaha's quota of 40,000
Ret! Cross memberships is now the
goal of the Omaha campaign com
mittee. With the ,-10,000-goal in sight the
flag was hoisted to the 35,000-mark
at noon on the Red Cross Christmas
slocking the conipaign committee
now believes this city should equal
the record of other cities in the
United States. Salt Lake has already
doubled its quota.
Two big clean-up drives are there
fore announced for Saturday and
Street Sales Saturday.
Saturday will be given over to
street solicitation Mrs. Henry
Doorly, assisted by a small army of
society women, will solicit member
ships in the crowds of down-town
shoppers. Booths from which the
women will work will be placed in
all the big stores. These women will
man the botlis: Mcsdames II. G.
Moorhead, , George Smith, Robert
Bradford, Ross Towle. C. G. Powell,
Lucien Stephens, S. S. Caldwell, J.
J. Sullivan, Jensen, Stephen Davies,
Lloyd Holsapple, W. J. Burgess, W.
E. Shepard and Miss Gertrude Young.
"Wear your button on your over-
Volunteer Drive Sunday.
The second big drive will be made j
Sunday between the hours of 2 and 5 1
in the afternoon when the 5,000 vol- j
unteer solicitors will be turned into
the residence districts. Every house !
in which a Red Cross scrvkre flag is
not displayed will be canvassed. i
Monday is the last day of the cam- j
paign, when the totals will be tabu
lated and Omaha's standing in the big)
Christmas week drive will be known.
Franklin Mann headed an army of j
insurance men who canvassed the !
downtown office buildings. The post
office, electric light company, Wood
men of the World and 65 manufactur
ing printers in charge of C. E. Corey
turned in 100 per cent records.
Rivalry Among Women.
Rivalry among workers in the
women's committee has reached an
intense pitch. Mrs. S. S. Montgom
ery leads the district chairmen, hav
ing obtained 21- memberships. Mrs.
O. S. Goodrich, Mrs. George John
ston and Mrs. W. S. Knight run next
highest. Merchants hotel booth, in
charge of Mrs. L. J. Millard, and the
one at the Paxton, headed by Mrs.
Allan Parmer, are running a neck-and-neck
race, their record only bet
tered by that of the Union station
Schools at Work.
The spirit of Red Cross has
reached the school children, too. The
graduating class of Saunders school
(Continned on rage Two, Column Fonr.
Would Sooner Go
Than Fill Out
There is one registrant in Omaha
who has solved the problem of get
ting away from the task of filling out
a questionnaire so he thinks but he
was brought ut, with an abrupt jerk
bv Chief Clerk Sutton, of the dis
' S.i'-, if a fellow doesn't till out that
go-li-hangcd questionnaire the gov
epiment'll arrest him and take him
to ( amp Funston, won't it"'" he asked.
He was informed that the govern
ment might take such action.
"Well, then, by heckl w'y don't
they come and take me. I ain't filled
it out and I ain't a goin' to. Why
i i i
rWLL! &0S, 2'At gqat Cuftn! w'lL Go wtf (
CITY FILES NEW
STRICT CAR CO.
Amended Petition Seeks to
Have All Property Turned
Over to Omaha; Based
On New Contention.
A court decree ordering the Omaha
and Council Blutfs Street Railway
company to turn over to the city its
entire street railway property in the
city of Omaha, instead of merely an
accounting for a portion of its value,
is sought in the amended petition
tiled by Corporation Counsel Lam
bert. A judgment against the street
car company for its earnings since
January 1, 191, is also asked.
The original petition was based
upon the theory. that approximately
SO per cent of the value of the preseiif
street railway system was traceable
to the old Omaha Horse Car Railway
company property which, by its fran
chise, became tiie property of the city
on January 1, 1917. Judges Redick
Troup and Day recently. Vuled that
this property value could not be
traced in the present street car prop
erty. New Allegations Made.
The amended petition is based upon
a new contention and introduces a
new set of facts and alleges that the
city is entitled to all the street tail
way property under the provision in
the Jlorse Car Railway' company's
franchise providing for a reversion to
the city in 1917.
The amended petition alleges that
the Omaha and Council Bluffs street
railway company operates in Omaha
only by the authority of the old Horse
Car company franchise granted in
1867 and enlarged in 1889. This, it is
claimed, is the only valid franchise in
existence among all the companies
consolidated into the present system.
Operating under the old Horse Car
company franchise, under which 3b
miles of track, stations and equip
ment were installed on the streets of
Omaha, the company added to its sys
tem the property of five other street
railway companies., uir vamc i i am-
way company, the Omaha .Motor com- j
- ! - .1.- T .
pany, tne .Metropolitan street Kanway
(Contlnneil on l'uge Tmii, Column Two.)
NEEDS OF ARMY
Washington, Dec. 21. The army
appropriation bill for the next fiscal
year, on which the house military
committee was to resume hearings
January 3, probably will carry close
to $5,000,000,000 for the whole military
establishment, exclsive of fortifica
tions and field artillery guns, which
will be provided for by the appropria
tions committee. The bill is ex
pected to be ready about February 1.
The total army appropriation esti
mates sent to congress by the War
department aggregates $6,610,000,000.
"The military committee will give
the War department everything that
the department reasonably can con
vince the committee that they need,"
said Chairman Dent today. "We call
up the bureau chiefs and then ask
Secretary Raker to appear" to go
over his military policies. The ses
sions will be executive, because of
the military secrets involved."
don't they take me to Camp Funston?
I wantta get there?"
When the information wa im
parted to him that there was a pos
sibility that he might be arrested and
sent to prison instead of Camp Fun--toii.
and that in either case he would
have to till on' the questionnaire, he
somewhat t his pep and listened
eager! v while Clerk Sutton gave him
some fatherly advice.
"Believe muh!" he said, as he made
ready to go, "I'm gonna hotfoot it
down home and get that there thing
and get it filled out. None of them
there prisons for me."
Inmates of Pest home
Would Join Red Cross
"This is the cook at the small
pox hospital on West Center
street," were the words spoken by
a woman over a telephone wire to.
Health Commissioner Connell. i
"Well, cook, what can I do for
you this morning?" asked the
"Seven of us out here want to.
get Red Cross memberships. The.
smallpox patients can not get down
town just now and they asked me
to arrange the matter for them,"
replied the cook.
"Have you got the money?"
queried the doctor.
"I have," answered the cook.
"Well, I will arrange for the
memberships and you can leave
the money at my office next time
you come downtown," answered the
General Sharpe Testifies That
Full Equipments Were Con
tracted for in Advance of
Washington, Dec. 21. Without
waiting for congressional appropria
tions,, the War department authorised
orders tor supplies for 1,000,000
troops before the United Slates went
to war, it was brought out today m
the testimony of Quartermaster Gen-i
eral Henry G. Sharpe before the sen
ate military committee.
The committee investigating the
supplying of troops went particularly
today into the causes for the short
age of clothing.
Secretary Baker. General Sharpe
said, authorized orders for clothing
and other supplies for 1,000,000 men
just before the war declaration and
in Tune approved orders to etniip
Shortage of Clothing.
J'hc only complaints of sniinlv
. . .
Hlort;igf received bv tin- department
,as focc j rcspecfto clothing. Gen-
eral Sharpe said
In an introductory statement deal
ing with the Mexican border mobili-!
zation, General Sharpe said the ord- j
nance equipment ordered with Sec-j
retary bakers approval was the regu
lation 30 days' supply, including
clothing, hats, shoes, tentage and
animals. This supply, he explained,
was expected to last two or three
"In February," he said, "anticipat
ing probable trouble, we ordered full
equipment, at war strength for the
regular army of 160,000 men, and
late in March, when war seemed
more imminent, the secretary au
thorized orders f?r equipment for
500,000 more men.
"Before the war broke out 1 got
authority for another 500,000, and in
June for an additional 500,000."
These orders, he explained, were
made without funds and in anticipa
tion of congressional appropriations.
Senator McKellar inquired whether
the Council for National Defense had
not, in effect, taken over virtually all
(Contfnned on Fate Two, Column One.)
THE OMAHA CITY MISSION
Anticipation Is Written on the
Faces of the Children.
"The children are looking forward
to a good time on Christmas, they
tlave implicit faith in older folks to
provide for their needs at that time,
they have no doubt but what funds
will be forthcoming to make the pur
chases necessary, neither have those
connected with the management of
the Omaha City Mission," said Arthur
Chase, executive secretary.
"We do not always know where the
uioiirj is coming froni to cany on
this splendid enterprise but it. omes
when we make the appeal, ot semi
out an S. O. S. in an emergency. I lie
time is short t get under the wire,
so send along your contribution and
join with others in helping a worthy
cause," Makes remittances payable to
A. L. Reed, treasurer. City Mission.
j 1204 Taeific street
SWIFT & COMPANY
REFUSE TO SHOW
Commission Will Apply to Fed
eral Court for Action to
Washington, Dec. 21.-Suut &
Company oi Chicago has lefused
to deliver to the federal trade com
mission records desired by the com
mission (jii its investigation of the
packing industry, and drastic action
will be taken in court to force their
production, Francis J. llcney an
j nounced today at the resumption of
the commission's inquiry.
It was said that when the commis-
sion's investigators went -to Chicago
thrv TPrp'iveA nnlv ivasivp renlip
;troiii- the officers of Swift & yLI'
I pany, ami inai tincn aeiuaim iorwwic
: records had been refused. To obfain
I ihe papers, which relate to the
, ownership of the Chicago stockyards
: and other deta;ls of the meat iipuiry,
the commission will go into alcderal
court and ask at( order compelfng the
company to produce them.
I The investigation begun to deter
mine the ownslun of the! Chicago
stock yards and railroad ferminals,
took on additional interestf witWhe
announcement that the inqwrj would
touch every phase' of the nations meat
supply. The commission's recom
mendations are expected to form the
basis for legislaiion to remedy the
.situation if sncli ir. inuinl necessary.
Details oi tliC-.ili-iM-ptiou of the
Chicago Junction railways and 1 nioii
Stockyards company oi New Jersey
by the Chicago Stockyards company,
the latter organized under the laws of
Maine, it was alleged, to provide a
legal method for the payment of re
bates to packing plants' engaged the
attention of the commissioners to
F. W. C roll, confidential secretary
' of J. Ogden Armour, was the first
I witness called.
Mr. Ileney also announced receipt
of a telegram saying that t.. C. (.Iiase
of Chicago, auditor of the I'nion
Stockyards and Transit company, was
ill ami could not answer the com
mission's subpoena. The telegram
said Mr. ( base has been "onlycd
south for an indefinite time."
Ntr. llcney added ;
"1 desire to inform ill
sion tli at we have enough evidence
without Mr. Chase's testimony to
make a prima facie case and then the
packers can do what explaining tlicy
Flat admission that J. Ogden Ar
mour and F. If. Prince ol Boston
own the Chicago Stock Yards com
pany, controlling the Chicago stock
yards and terminal railroads, was made
by William Wadden, former treasurer
of the I'nion Stock Yards company.
Although the stock appears in the
name oi 1 rank R. l'egrain, secretary
of the company, Wadden said he knew
who tile real owners were,
Wadden said he was a partner in
F. P. Prince & Co. of Boston, but
sometimes took shorthand dictation
from Prince. Two pages of shorthand
notes were identified by Wadden as
having been taken by him in 1911.
American Soldiers Drill Now
With Gigantic French Guns
With the American Army in France, j
Dec. 21. There is no scarcity of vol-
luntecrs for the dangerous work of
airplane observers among the younger
officers of the army.
When a call was issued at the heavy
artillery trailing grounds three times
the number asked for responded.
Some of these were sent to train with
American pilots and others with
The latter are doing the observation
work for the heavy artillery which the
Americans who had been working
with p.ims from approximately 1'0'to
lllll milnih t. i s e.i'itx't are lion icady
The Aim ik. in artillery Wednesday
watched the French handling the gi
gantic 400 milimeter gun which hurls
a projectile weighing more than a ton
at such a great range that it was nec
essary to haul the weapon several
miles outside the training grounds,
PEACE TERMS OF
Factions Hostile to Lenine Regime Precipitate Civil War;
Ukrainians and Roumanians, Kerensky, Cossacks,
and Grand Duke Nicholas with Caucasians
Move Against Petrograd and Moscow.
London, Dec. 21. It is reported unofficially that the Ger
mans have rejected the Russian peace terms, the Petrograd cor
respondent of the Exchange Telegraph company wires under
date of Thursday.
Last Disclosure of Teutonic
Trickery Makes Rupture
Almost Certain is View
Washington, Dec. 21. Declaration
of war against Germany by Argenna
was regarded as almost certain in
Latin-American diplomatic circles to
day as the result of new evidences of
German trickery disclosed simultane
ously in Washington and r.tienos
Aires last night by publication of an
other series of telegrams between the
notorious Count Lujsburg of "spurlos
versankt" fame and the Berlin for-
n office. . ,
Luxburg, fan&er charge in Buenos
Aires, in a message dated August 1
last, informed his foreign ofhc that
President Iriftuven of Argentina had
at hst made up his mind to negotiate
a secret agreement with Chile and bo
livia for ' protection against North
America. Another telegram intimated
an citempt would be made to include
Peru, and the plan was to be per-
Mcted, according to Luxburg s com
munication of August 1, "before the
conference idea is taken up ugain."
The "conference idea" is assumed to
be the proposed Latin-American neu
trality conference, advocated by rres
ident Carranza and widely discussed
in South America. The secret agree
ment referred to may explain recent
South American reports of President
Irigoyen's proposals for a league of
South American nations.
Denounced as Falsehoods.
The messages, 40 in number, wcr
made public by the State department
through an agreement with the Ar
gentine government and were accom
panied by a statement by Foreign
Minister Puerreydon, in which he
says the "inaccuracies" of the Ger
man charge's report are so surprising
that no epithet will fit them.
The messages were sent to Argen
tina soon after the State department
I gave out the first series, in which Lux
I lung advised his government to sink
Argentine ships without trace, hut
heretofore demands for their publica
tion have been in vain. The first
series were transmitted through the
Swedish legation at Buenos Aires, but
the means of communication used for
the latest batch sent during July, Au
gust and September was not disclosed,
except that ome of the first series
telegrams were included in these made
public last night.
Restriction on Thrift Stamps
Removed for Christmas
Washington, Dec. 21. To facilitate
the use of war savings stamps and
certiticatcs as Chiistuias gifts. First
Assistant Postmaster General Koons
has telegraphed postmasters in the
leading cities to sell an unlimited
amount of stamps to individuals, firms
or corporations wishing to give them
as Christmas presents. Temporarily
the rule forbidding persons to have
more than $1,000 worth of stamps at
a time will be waived.
which arc probably the largest in the
world, so that the shells would fall on
open ground at the targets. The fir
ing continued all day, the terrific ex
plosions shaking the houses in. the
territory and being heard at a dis
tance of many miles.
After a certain period the American
gunners will begin firing with the 400
milimeter pieces so that by the time
they get into action they will be as
familiar with the gun as their com
rades now are with the 75s.
During the tiring a big shell butst
prematurely near an observation poet
tilled with young American officers.
piinlers and fragments rained down,
bul no one was iujuied.
Among the heavy guns with which
the Americans have begun working
are big howitzers of a certain caliber,
which are declared to be among the
most powerful weapons the war has
Opposition to the Bolsheviki ap
parently is increasing in Russia as
reports of German support of the
Maximalist government become more
pronounced and the situation in Rus
sia grows more chaotic, while the Bol
sheviki endeavor to arrange a sepa
rate peace with the central powers.
The Ukraine, in its hostility to the
Bolsheviki government, has been
joined by the Russian staff on the
southwestern frqnt and General
Stcherbatcheff, the commander in
Roumania, has been appointed head
of the Ukrainian forces reported to
be marching against the Bolsheviki.
Another report reaching London
says that the Roumanians have join.. I
the Ukrainians, while other dispatches
declare that former Premier Keren
sky is marching against Moscow and
that Grand Duke Nicholas is raising
a royalist am. in the Caucasus.
Meanwhile, diplomats of the central
powers are hurrying to begin peace
negotiations with the Bolsheviki. On
leaving Berlin the German emissaries
were urged by the populace to make
"a strong peace."
The Izvestia at Petrograd, a Bol
sheviki organ, publishes what it says
is the textof the secret treaty drawn
up last yelr providing for joirt ac
tion y Russia and Japatr to prevent
any third country from achieving po
litical dominance in China. The treaty,
dated July .1,, runs for five
years, automatically extending itself
until a year aft.;.- one party expresses
the desire to annul it. It is signed by
Sergius Sazonoff, then Russian for-
- j if; l it.,
eign mmisier, ana viscouni iuoiono,
Japanese - foreign minister.
Soldiers Rioting in Petrograd.
Petrograd, Thursday, Dec. 20. In
cessant fighting has occurred in many
parts of Petrograd in connection with
the efforts to check drunkenness and
prevent the raiding of wine cellars.
A mob raided one distillery where
I s soldiers drank themselves to death.
Fifteen persons were killed and
wounded when an armored motor
ear attacked the distillery, which was
set on lire.
The lire department was prevented
from extinguishing the bjaze by
rowdies, and many persons were
burned before the situation was
brought under control.
The streets arc running with wine
in many sections, where the soldiers
arc pumping wine out of the cellars
to prevent disorder.
Treaty Not Directed at U. S.
Washington, Dec. 21. American
official;) said today they had no
knowledge of -the so-called secret
treaty between Russia and Japan de
scribed in the Petrograd dispatches,
but they considered that to describe
it as contemplating "joint armed dem
onstration against America and Great
Britain in the far east" was not borne
out by the text of the published ar
ticles. There is a possibility that the
treaty referred to is the special con
vention concluded between Russia
and Japan at about the same time as
the so-called secret treaty. It was
generally assumed here that the
treaty contained some secret pro
visions, but its purpose was described
as being to safeguard the rights of
Japan and Russia in the far east; to
reconcile all outstanding issues be
tween them , and generally to follow
the lines of the Anglo-Japanese al
liance. At that time it was supposed that
the secret articles provided for the
sale by Russia to Japan of all of the
Mauchurian railroads south of Har
bin; the transfer to Japan of naviga
tion rights in the Sugari river and the
extension of fishing rights off the
coast of Siberia.
Will Not Ask Explanation.
It is improbable that the United
States government alone will make
any effort to secure an explanation
of the meaning and purpose of these
secret treaties from the principals,
but it is rather expected that one of
the other of them voluntarily will
come forward with a statement.
Careful reading of the four pub
(Conlluufd on Png Two, Column 81x4
Three Aviators Are Killed
In Crash of Their Machines
Fort Worth. Tex.. Dec. 21. Three
British aviators in training here were
killed this morning when two ma
chines collided in the air.
Two of the men were in one ma
chine. The collision took place at a
low altitude and less than half a
mile from the landing field.
The dead ai -.
ARTHUR F.DLX WEBSTER, 19,
Kingston, N. Y.
LIEUTENANT RUSSELL JEN
NER, 19, Kingsville, Ont.
CYRIE ALBERT BAKER, 20,
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