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VOL. 'XLV1I. NO. 158.
OMAHA, WEDNESDAY MORNING. DECEMBER 19. 1917 FOURTEEN PAGES.
Ot TrilM, at Hotf.
Nti Standi. Etc. Ml
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS
S TO END W
TT U "II
Us i JLL
FOR PEACE WITH GERMANY
BEGIN AT BREST-LITOVSK
Vienna Announces that Armistice Will Be Speedily Fol
lowed Up and Count Czernin With Von Kuehlman i
Proceed to Russia; Trotzky Invites Allies
to Participate In Conference.
(B Associated l're V
Germany andAustria-Hungary apparently will lose no
time in bringing about a separate peace with the Bolsheviki
government in Russia, now that the armistice between the coun
tries has become effective. Dr. von Kuehlmann, the German
i foreign secretary, and Count Czernin, the Austrian foreign min
ister, will arrive at Brest-Litovsk today to begin negotiations
looking toward peace.
TO FOLLOW UP ARMISTICE. 9
A semi-official statement issued in
Vienna declares that the central pow
ers will tollow up tne armistice as
speedily as possible" with peace par
leys, and it is added that Bulgaria and
Turkey also will join in the negotia
tions. Asks Allies to Join.
According to Petrograd advices.
Leon Trotzky, the Bolsheviki foreign
minister, has notified the allied em
bassies that peace negotiations are to
begin and has asked them to partici
pate or state whether they wish peace.
An informal conference of the allied
diplomats is said to -have reached no
definite decision on the subject.
There has been virtually no change
n the internal situation in Russia.
The Bolsheviki government, in a no
ice to foreign embassies, in Petro
grad, says it considers the question of
-ecognition purely formal and cares
tittle about it. The notice declares
Mial the foreign embassies must vise
.he passports of Bolsheviki couriers
or similar courtesies will be refused.
- -petrograd. Monday, Dec. 17. The
German and Austrian foreign minis
ters, Dr. von Kuehlmann and Count
Czernin, have notified Leon Trot Ay,
the Bolsheviki foreign minister, that
hev will arrive at Brest-Lttovsk
Tuesday to begin negotiations tor a
general European peace.
The evening newspapers announce
that Troukv has notified the allied
embassies that the armistice has
reached definite results and that
peace negotiations will begin and
asking them to participate or to state
whether they wish-peace or not.
Up, to this evening embassies had
not received the communication and
an informal conference of the allied
diplomats is said to have reached no
America WH1 Wait.
Washington., Dec. 18. It is as
sumed at the State department that
the reply of American Ambassador
David -R. Francis to the invitation of
Leon trotzky, foreign minister of
the Bolsheviki government, to par
ticipate in the, peace negotiations,
would be that he has no instruction
from this government.
No instructions have been sent to
Mr. Francis and it was indicated that
none authorizing him to have any
thing to do with peace negotiations
i would be sent
Thp rernrrmcr sueeestion in Jf.u-
rope for de facto recognition of the
Bolsheviki has not been supported
here, and it is believed that Ambas
sador Francis will be expected to do
nothing more in connection with the
peace parleys than to observe de
velopments and report them.
Cleveland, O., Dec. 18. The Ke
mov al a month ago by John D. Rock
efeller of practically all the valuable
paintings from his summer home at
Forest Hill, East Cleveland, saved
hi'm hundreds of thousands of dollars
early this morning, when the home
was. completely destroyed by fire.
Citv and state tire officials today were
investigating the origin of the blaze,
i which caused a property loss esti
mated at $100,000.
Incendiarism is suspected by Wil
liam 13. Smith, superintendent of the
U. S. Army Officer in France
Dismissed for Drunkenness
With the American Army in
. ranee. Dec. 18. From several re
ent trials by courts-martial, it is
evident that sobriety and proper con
iuct on the part of the officers will
oe insisted upon at all times. The
alcst case is that of a lieutenant of
he medical reserve, who was con
icted of drinking with enlisted men
nd disgracing the military service
v being intoxicated while in uni
,.rm. The lieutenant has been dis
Used from the army and sent back
,, the United States under guard.
From University of Chicago
Chicago, III., Dec. 18. ( Special.)--
nuis Wirth of Omaha, Alphi Kelsey
,.f Norfolk, and Stella Eckels of Whit
man, graduate at Chicago imiversiij
RIVAL RED CROSS
WORKERS WAR AT
Overzealousness in Interests
of Cause Results in Wordy
Battle; Arbitration Com
mittee Called In.
Rival factions of Red Cross work
ers warred in Omaha Tuesday. Wo
men were the battlers, tongues the
The Red Cross campaign commit-1
tec was called in to preside at an im-1
promtti peace conference. Arbitra-
lion was in progress when a Bee re-j
porter ventured into the battle zone j
and endeavored to take a few notes i
while verbal shrapnel burst over a I
wide radius at the I'nioiv station
the sector of the liveliest operations.
A "shock troop," led by Mrs. A.
C. Stokes, was in possession of the
fust line trenches when the. war cor
respondents managed to get ha k into
Mrs Guv L. Smith's unit, however,
was showing fine morale in the war
Rivalry the Cause.
Overzealousness in the cause of
the Red Cross and rivalry .between
the men's and women's campaign
committees are the only charges made
on either h.yid.
"Help! Some unauthorized women
arc soliciting Red Cross memberships
at the Union station," came an ex
cited woman's voice over the tele
phone at Red Cross headquarters in
the Keclinc building Tuesday morn
ing. Visions of unscrupulous persons
possibly benefiting bv these means
flashed through the mind otNMrs. E.
M. Syiert. woman's committee chair
man, to whom the call was ad
dressed. Break Speed Records.
"Jump' into that machine and get
down to the Union station as fast
as you can," she ordered Mrs. W. A.
C. Johnson, "and find out who they
arc." Mrs. Johnson is chairman ot
the special booths' committee.
Mrs. Johnson broke several speed
ordinances enroute to the station and
found two excited groups of women
when she got there.
One was Mrs. pokes' committee of
society girls in charge of the officially
designated booth-from which to so
licit Red Cross memberships from the
The other was a party of automo
bile men's wives, headed by Mrs.
Smith, who conceived the clever idea
(Continued on I'age Fhf, Column One.
South Side Boy Heads DeBating
Squad at University of Chicago
Ralph Goldberg, class of VttU.
South High school, has been awarded
first place on the debating team of
the University of Chicago. This
carries with it a prize scholarship of
$100 and election to Delta Sigma Rho,
which is the national oratorical fra
ternity to which most of the re
nowned speakers of the nation be
long. Mr. Goldberg is the first sopho
more in the history of the university
to be awarded a place on the debating
team and as he has been made cap
tain of the team, the honor is a
As a student in the South High
school, he was a member of the de
bating team that defeated all rivals
in the district contests.
Last year he was the captain of
the freshmen debating team in the
university The tirst rival that Mr.
Goldberg's team will meet will be the
team of Northwestern university, in
Mr. Goldberg is a brother of the
Messrs. Goldberg, proprietors of the
Sun thratrr, and is a son of Mr. and
Mr-. II. Goldberg, 22h .1 street.
KERENSKY SAID HEAD ARMY
MADrumr mr DcmnrD in
JBlACfliilU lif FL. I nVVlXHU
Copenhagen Dispatch Says Former Premier of Russia Has
Massed Troops to Fight Bolshevik! ; Cossacks
Win in Don Region; Capture Cannon
and Munitions Near Kiev.
Copenhagen, Dec. 18. The report that former Premier,'
Kerensky of Russia, supported by some thousands of troops, has
.... . . , ' , . . . . ,. . ,
appeared in the vicinity of Petrograd is contained in a dispatch j
from Haparanda, in Sweden, at the Finnish frontier, to the Ber-;
lingske Tidende.. The Bolsheviki are Said to have sent troops !
i against him.
WRECKS HOME OF
Attempt Made to Murder the
Governor of California,
Who Was Home at
Sacramento, t 'al., Dec. IF. An abor.
the attempt to kill Governor William
P. Stephens by means of a powerful
explosive bomb at 1 1 p. m. last
night resulted in the wrecking of the
executive mansion, the entire rear end
of the building being blown out. The
governor and Mrs. Stephens, as well
as the household servants, were asleep
at the time and all escaped injury.
Two men were seen tleeing truin i
the house immediately alter the e.-nlosion.
The detonation of the explosion was : declining to recognize the people's
heard all over the city and windows j commissioners as comprising the gov
wcre broken by the force of it two or j eminent of all Russia, inasmuch as
three blocks away. It was believed I the Don, the Caucasus, Siberia and
thaf from twenty to twcntj-livc sticks j other p.lrts of Russia have their own
of dynamite were used. i governments.
Governor and .Mrs. Stephens were
iiybed and asleep in ita wim of the
lionse adjoining the- part where the
exnlosion occurred, but bevond a
nervous shock they were unharmed.
Wall Blown Out.
A hole ,-cveral feet in depth and at
least five feet in breadth was torn in
the ground beneath an overhanging
bay window at the rear of the struc
ture ami the entire wall up to the sec
ond sory was blown away.
The most likely due as to the per
petrators was given to the police by
the Rev. I'razer Eangford, pastor of
a leading church, who reported that
four months ago a man, evidently a
German, was first noticed lurking
about the executive mansion. The
man continued to haunt the locality
until a week ago, when he disappear
ed. The police arc of 1 lie opinion that
the attempt was mafic by pro-Germans.
Thrown from Alley.
"According to my judgment." said
Governor Stephens, "the bomb yas
thrown from the alleyway about 40
feel to the rear of the mansionand
did not light as far under the house
as its owner had intended. I am
strengthened in this statement by the
fact that the back gates were both
locked as usual and the watchman
had visited the basement just a few
minutes before the explosion occur
red. He says that whefl he passed
the steps he turned his flashlight on
the place where indications prove
the bomb was placed and at that
time there was nothing there."
A veritable dragnet was spread over
the city to apprehend the' guilty per
sons. Captain of Detectives Arthur
Ryan and assistants searched all the
down town rooming houses without
success for a man said to have been
seen near the executive mansion at
an early hour in the evening.
William D. Stephens became gov
ernor of California last spring upon
(Continued on Vsk" llvf, Column Two.)
DOUBTS IN DENMARK.
All advices which have been re
ceived recently regarding conditions ;
in Russia have tended to show that!
the Bolsheviki were strengthening
their position and were encountering
little opposition except on the part of
the Cossacks in southern Russia.
Under these conditions it appears
hardly probable that Kerensky could
assembly a force of any ttt and reach
the vicinity of Petrograd.
COSSACKS STILL FIGHTING.
London, Dec. Reports on the
Russian internal situation tonight in
dicate that fighting is continuing in
the Don region and that reinforce
ments have been sent touth from
Kiev dispatch tonight reports that
during the disarming of the Maximal
ist units there- the Ukranian troops
seized 72 cannons, 350 machine guns
and 5,000,000 cartridges.
It is stated in other advices that
the Russian government commis
sioners are drafting a ultimatum ad
dressed to the Ukrane Rad.i, recog
nizing the independence, of the Uk
raine, but demanding an immediate
expression of the Rada's attitude to-
wards the Bolsheviki authorities.
I he Rada had issued a statement
IN SHARPE'S JOB
W ashington, FTn . 18.- Major Gen
eral George. W. Gocthals has been
recalled to active service and detailed
as acting quartn master general to
succeed Major General Sharpe. de
tached by Secretary Baker to serve
as a member of the War department's
new war council.
In announcing this today Secretary
Baker also said Brigadier
John D. Barrettc had been detailed
a acting chief of coast artillery in
place of Major General Weaver, and
Brigadier General Charles B. Wheeler
as acting chief of ordnance in place of
Major General Crosier.
Generals Weaver and Crozier arc
also members of the new council.
Opposition to the nomination of
General Crozier for another four
years as chiet o ordinance neid up
confirmation in the senate today and
action went until alter tnc i nt lsimas i amf 11(nlPI!t w;th the third section ap
hondoys. pCnded, it would be declared null and
U r n void for he contended that a vote in
. S. Commission Probes i.ur ,, nlc motion providing that
Paul I shnr TrnnhlpQ i
oi. raui Lduui uuuuitb
Minneapolis, Minn., Dec. Presi
dent Wilson's special labor commis
sion today began an investigation of
the Twin City street car controversy
which for some time has been threat
ening a serious industrial tieup in St.
Paul and Minneapolis as a result of
the State Public Safety commission's
order forbidding the wearing of
union buttons by street car men.
The commission, leaded by W. B.
Wilson, secretary of labor, arrived
from the western coast this morning
and after a bonference with Governor
Burnquist in St. Fjjul, relative to the
safety commission stand on the
union button question, came to Min
neapolis and heard the labor men's
su e from union representatives at a I
private conference. J omorrow the much commented on hy those who
labor commissicjjl wilj confer with thrhac enjoyed its privileges for many
safety commission in St. Paul and I years.
tomorrow night Secretary Wilson will I
make a public address there. ! PharriPS Filed Afiainst
New Troops Called Out
D Itilim flnwflrnmpnt
J noiiaii vv" 1
Rome, Sunday, Dec. Hj. - New con
tingents have been called up by the
government. The classes of troops
already mobilised consist of all eligi
ble and fit men between the at;es of
18 and 4,5.
F.xcept on the Italian northern
front near the Bronta river, military
operations arc at a minimum. 1 he
Italians, in a desperate struggle, have
been able to retake an advantageous
position on Col Caprille, while check
ing the Auslro-German attempts in
the region of San Marino. The ac
tivity of the aerial and artillery arms
on this front continues to be intense.
Railroad Fined $6,000 for
Failure to Feed Cattle
Newark, N". J., Dec. 18. A fine of
$6,600 was imjiosed on the Delaware,
Lackawanna & Western railroad in
the federal court here today, after
the road pleaded guilty to 00 counts
charging it with failing for J8 hours
to feed and water cattle transported
in its cars. The Central railroad of
N'-w Jersey pleaded Riiiltv to one in
stance and was lined ?P))
g SUBMITTED TO
VOTE OF STATES
Amendment to Constitution:
Must Be Ratified or Rejected
By the People Within j
, as'l"K,on- 1,ri ,s I lie ron' '
tutiofia! amendment (or national pro-
hillition was (0(Uy tjnaly Mlbnil(trd
by congress to the Mates, for ratinca. ;
tion or rejection within seven veais.
i The senate completed congressional
'action by accepting the resolution as
passed yesterday by the house, -17 to
; S, w ithout a roll call.
Senator l.orali objected to accept
ing the house amendments, contend-!.
ing tluit congress has no authority to
specify the time in which the amend
ment is to be ratified,' ami that the
constitution gives no authority for
providing that prohibition shall be
come effective within one vear alter
being accepted by the. states. 1
"We have no such power as to say
the amendment shall be ratified j
within seven years attrr bring sub '
mitted to the states by congress," said
be. "It is either to be submitted to
the states or not to be submitted 'at
all. It it ever goes to the states, they
can ratify it whenevet they desire." j
House Passes Bill. i
III) n SUff Coll' .'-pull. trnl.
Washington, Dec. 17. (Special i
I'. 'T-l fc" l .. . I . ,1-t
I elcgram. I lie ,cDr,isK.i ocicga
tion voted solidly for the prohibition
amendment today, the only absentee
being Congressman Stephens of the
Third district who was paired in fa
vor of the amendment.
Representative Lobeck s vote was
one ot the sm prises ot the day in
j view of the vole he cast for the. Hob-
j son amendment December ii, IVH,
when he voted no. Whether the
presence of Mr. Bryan in Washing
ton and about the corridors and in
the lobbies of the house during to
day's session was responsible for Mr.
Lobeek's vote is problematical, but
the. fact renjains that he was onu of
Mr. Bryan's guests at luncheon in
the house today and undoubtedly re
ceived the vievs of the "Perries
Leadei" as to the subject then up
permost before the congress.
Lobeck Tells Why.
Later Mr. Lobeck slated to The
Bee correspondent that he was in
duced to change his vote from the
vote on the Ilobsoii amendment be
cause of piesent conditions at home.
He had found a drift toward prohibi
tion in the Second district which in
fluenced him to cast his vote ac
cord ; ugly .
Representative Keavis of the First
district made the only speech in fa-
vor of the amendment from Nebraska
and the position he took was com
mented on by a number of lawyers
during the course of the day's debate
on the resolution.
What Reaves Contended.
Mr. Rcavis contended that the third
section of the amendment was uncon
stitutional because of the time limit
placed in its ratification by the state
and that it ought to be eliminated.
He jnsis,e( tIiat jf ,. colirts fcn0tjld
,c caC( u l0 aSiS 1JU t,e
i,s adoption should take place within
evfll ycars at tlie h;inds of tnrcr.
fourths of the states would be inter
pretcd as an inducement to vote for
such a resolution, which, in his judg
ment, was inimical to the spirit in
which the constitution was roncciveiL
Later Mr. Rcavis submitted an
amendment striking out the section to
which he had made objection, but il
received scant courtesy, going out on
a viva voce vole.
Kx-Sccretary of State. Bryan was
an occupant of the press gallery dur
ing much of the debate on the pro
hibition amendment and the "Com
moner" showed want of appreciation
of an unwritten law of the gallery by
vociferously applauding the speakers
in favor of the resolution. This
breech of press nailery etiquette was
A Police Patrolman
Cba-ges were-filed with the city 1
comic il .iRuinst O. II. Thornton, pa-
trolman, said to have hern intoxicated
while on duly last Sunday. The hear
ing was set for 10 o'clock Thursday
Donors Respond to Appeal of The j
Bee to Help Worthy Poor of Omaha ,
"I wi-.h to -cii'i a ( Ii r i s t inn i dinner
to a widow and her children. Please
give me the name and address, but
don't use my name for publication,"
telephoned a woman from the Happy
Hollow club district to The Bee.
The name of a widow wa-, ob
tained from Mrs. G. W. Doane, gen
eral serretaiv of the
Charities, and the Happy Hollow club
woman will do the rest.
This i 1 1 1 1 -1 1 a f f: - one phase of the
Christmas relief work being done by
the Associated Charities and The Hee.
In some instances donors prefer to
send the relief direct, and in other
cases tliev -end money nr clothing
and 'hor- to 1 he I'.ee office or to llic
iVJlf Ju 1 LiLilv
LOST WHEN SHIP
GOES TO BOTTOM
American Under Sea War Vessel Meets Disaster in Acci
dental Collision With Another of Same Class
in Home Waters, Secretary cf Navv
! Washington, D. C, Dec. 18. Nineteen live were 1q II.
! the American submarine F-l was rammed and sunk by siibma-
rine F-3 in home waters during a fog Mnday afternoon.
l TL I- ! I I I I - A
r" wns unaamsgc-u
i it Victim. t
Secretary Daniels announced the disaster late today in a
brief statement, which gave no further details.
Lieutenant A. E. Montgomery, commanding officer of the
F-l was among the five saved. Iis mother, Mrs. Julia Mont
gomery Pratt, lives at Fort H. G. Wright, New York.
GORGAS SCORES LOSSTlS
LAX METHODS AT BY SINKING OF 15
CAMP FUNSTONj SHIPS BY TEUTONS
Surgeon General of U. S. Army j Two Separate Attacks in North
Says Lack of Clothing and
Bad Sanitary Conditions
' Cause Disease.
Washington, Dec. 18. - Insufficient
clothing, over crowding and bad san -
ilary conditions, arc held largely re -
sponsible for di-ease epidemics at
( amp I'unston. Kan.; Camp Bowie,
Tex. Camp , Doiiij)lm,Jklii and
Camp 'Sevier", SV C. by burgeon TJciTT
cral Gorgas, in reports to Secretary
Baker, made public today on the re
sult of his pcrsonariiispection of the
Lxcept at Camp I'unston, none of
the I)msc hospitals have been c oniilet
ed, General Gorgas says, and this is
handicapping the medical ollierrs in
treating patients. He lecomminds
the. rushing of this work, particularly
the installation of the necessary
General Gorgas points out the prac
tically all the disease is brought to the
.letups by incoming men and recom
mends the establishment of observa
tion camps for all new-comers so
that they may be observed for such a
time as the division surgeon sha'll
To aid sanitary conditions he rec
ommends that 50 square feet of floor
space be furnished for each man at all
camps. In sonic cases now only 20
feet is provided.
Steps to remedy existing unfavor
able, conditions have been taken by
division conunendrrs as far as posible
the reports sav, while winter clothiiiK I
is brmc supplied as rapidly as rc-1
Lack of warm garments during the
cold weather of flic late fall is bc
lirvrd by General Gorgas to have
contrifibutrd largely to the spread of
Food Administration Says
Hog Market is Glutted Now
Washington. Dec. 18. The food
ministration today couusellei
crs to hold back their lion.-.
the Chicano market is glutted with
more pork than the packers can
handle, largely because of congested
"Do not sacrifice your hogs by
dumping them on an overcrowded
market." was the word sent out by
J. P. Cotton, head o( the meat di
vision. American Citizen Is
Reported as Missing
Amsterdam, Monday. Dec. 17. I he
'ocialisf newspaper Tribune reports
(lie iiivsU rioii-, disappe.iraiK e of Carl
inistcr, editor nt the German revo-
lut.ionary socialist paper. Kampf.
which is published in Amsterdam
j lie left Tuesday for southern IL
I and has pot been seen since. Th
j hune s;iv .s Minister is an
I rit icn.
laritirs office. 51'' Farnam building.
"1 have two bundle-, of warm
clothes; please send for them." tele
phoned Mrs. Julius TrcitsiTikc, (U9
South Twentieth street.
Among recent cash donations sent
to The Bee office were: Ncls Nelson,
Oakdale, Neb., $o; Mary A. Glasgow,
4857 Cuming street. ?1: Channcey P.
Cos- Waterloo, Neb., I0.
Frances Anderson of F.lkhorn,
Neb., wrote for names and addresses
of a worthy family in need of Christ
Mrs. DoanP reports that more than
100 families have already been given
substantial Christmas relief and the
work will be continued up to ncx
Jul r JUL)
ar pictica up live survivors oi
Sea and One of Them
Close to the British
j '"mlon, Dec. 18. --The succcssla
1 attack by Gcim.in warships on
' convoy in the North Sea, resulting ii.
the sinking of 11 vessels, as an
iioimeed in the House of Commons
..yesterday, came as an uncomfortabl
surprise to the British public. It i,
cpeclcil a revival of the serious cri
ticism of the admiralty, such as at
the time of the successful German
attack on a convoy of Scandinavian
merchantmen in October. Added to
this is the raid made olf 'the Tync last
Wednesday by German warships. As
a lesuH of these two expeditions one
British destroyer has been sunk, an
other seriously damaged, live trawlers
and right merchantmen have been
sent to the bottom, another trawler
has been damaged and a number of
men have been killed, wounded or
taken prisoners. Among the prison
ers is a nephew of Viscount Grey,
former foreign .secretary.
According to Danish accounts, the
force which attacked the convoy con
sisted of four cruisers, in addition to
destroyers. A painful aspect of tho
affair, from the British public's point
of view, is that apparently all the at
tacking vessels escaped and returned
to their bases.
Germans Fscape Loss,
Amsterdam, Monday, Dec, 17.-
Gaptain lletnicke, commanded the
German forces vvlncli made a raid on
the Knglish coast off the mouth of
the Tyne last Wednesday morning
according to an official statement re
ceived here from Berlin. The report
says that the Germans "successfully
attacked enemy mercantile traffic, in
cluding two large steamers, off th
Tync ami close to the English
coast." The German forces, it if
added, returned without losses oi
I rtnn Pninnanv Mnct
-I ! r I a Cnmiinr
nrid!i; uuinjjigii; ouuwim
(From n Staff Correspund'-nt.)
Lincoln, Dec. 18. (Special Tele
gram.) The bearing this afternoor
before Secretary of State Pol in which
the Cox Loan company of Omaha
wa scharged with collecting a larger
rate of interest than the law provides,
has been continued to December iS
because the company was not in a po
sition to furnish the information tc
iliired by Mr. Pool.
Miss Hurley, in charge of the office
and Mr. Bradely. an attorney were
present. Miss Hurley explained that
the overcharges were the result of ig
norance of the law and also because
of errors in computation. They will
nd be required to make a complete show
ri I ing from their books of all business
American j done since last April, whi n the com
; pany wa- known to be following the
Days in Decembet
for The Bee
Inches of dis
ing this yean
Inches of dis
inp last year,"
this year thaw
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