Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 13, 1917)
VOL. XL VII. NO. 153.
OMAHA, THURSDAY MORNING,.' DECEMBER 13, 1917. FOURTEEN PAGES.
O Tril. it HotI.
Nvt 8ld. (t. M
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS
.ROMANS WIPE OUT 4 GERMAN DIVISIONS;
RUSSIANS MA Y WIPE OUT LEN1NE REGIME
IN SHARP ENGAGEMENT
Advance 40000 Strong onExtremist Headquarters at
, Petrograd and Moscow, Where Unrest Prevails", and
Political Parties Unite Against Lenine Re
gime and Favor Counter Revolution.
. : mzvnz
0 ENLIST m
Last Day of Recruiting Wit
nesses Record Breaking Jam
at Big Army Building;
Our Soldier Artist Xmas Shopping
(By Associated PreHS.)
Bolsheviki power in Petrograd is being menaced more ser
iously as the opposition becomes solidified. There is unrest in
Petrograd and Moscow, the extremist strongholds, and the
Cossacks already have advanced from the Don northward.
Russian officials in London assert that the anti-BoIsheviki
forces are composed not only of the Cossacks, but also of the
leaders of the other political parties in Russia,
i imccArvc vr wtm anrM O " 1
The political leaders opposed to the
extremists expect that their military
forces will be able to depose the Bol
sheviki soon and that by spring they
will have a formidable fighting fore
to meet the Germans., The whole
' force of 400,000 Cqfesacks, it is said in
London, where direct communication
has been established with General
Kaledines, will back the counter revo
lution. It is planned to solidify the
loyal fighting forces, eliminate the
Bolsheviki from southern Russia and
establish a new fighting front to keep
the" Germans out of the Russian grain
and coal and mineral fields.
COUNT ON ALLIES.
Allied support is counted upon by
the leaders of the counter revolution,
if it is to be successful, and it is hoped
that an American army may be sent
to Russia to aid the friends of the al
lies in re-establishing order and a
solid fighting front against the enemy.
Detachments of Bolsheviki troops
and some of General Korniloff's forces
have fought an engagement near Biel
gorod, in the province of Kursk, 300
miles south of Moscow, and Cossacks
are reported to be in Kharkov and
Mohilcv provinces north of the Cos
sack region. According to Bolsheviki
reports, the engagement near. BieU
gorod was not $erio,u$
Soldiers Threaten Revolt.
Threats against the Sniolny insti
tute, Bolsheviki headquarters in Petro
grad, are made by opponents of the
Bolsheviki, who demand that the
leaders be shorn of their power. Tn
Moscow the Bolsheviki are having
trouble in feeding the population and,
their own soldiers threaten revolt.
The Bolsheviki" are attempting to
convene the constituent assembly and
threaten to arrest any of their op
pvent who try to gain control of
UTc assembly. .. '
Fighting is Heavy.
London, Dec. 12. The fighting at
iTamanovka, according to, the Reuter
dispatches from Petrograd, appears
to have been between detachments of
anti-Bolsheviki shock battalions and
local troops assiste 1 by sailors; red
guards, infantry and armored cars
sent from Petrograd, and troops rrom
Kharkov. The Kussko Slovo of Pet
rograd says the fighting lasted all day
and all night. It adds Jthat it -was
very severe and that tlTere were a
v,reat number of casualties.
Fight at Mohilev.
Reports of fighting at Mohilev,
Russian headquarters, between troops
newly arrived there and the Bolshe
viki were received in Petrograd Mon
daf according to the correspondent
of the Times. It is also reported that
shock battalions and Cossacks ad
vancing on Mohilcv clashed with the
Bolsheviki, who were defeated.
-Petrograd, Monday, Dec. 10. Leon
Trotzky, the Bolsheviki foreign min
ister, has issued a decree dismissing
all Russan ambassadors and their
Staffs because they ignored the Bol
jheviki demand that they v denounce
the Kerensky government. 4
"We have declared them deprived
tf all "further rights and pensions,"
The Bolsheviki have dispersed the
genate, the highest Russian court, and
ill the other courts of Petrograd, in
keeping with the recent decree of the
people's commissaries, substituting
aew revolutionary tribunals. The only
Opposition met was at the congress of
tounty judges, who refused to be dis
pelled. They were arrested.
T.ite soldiers, peasants and work
Bien in each district, according to the
proclamation, name a permanent
president of the court and six jurors,
Hie latter serving only one week. They
lave full power to impose fines, im
(Contlsoed on Page Two, 'Column One.)
GOLDEN DAYS FOR
MAN WHO IS ABLE
TO CALL! MARKET
Steady and Somewhat Sensa
tional Decline in Stocks Har
1 vest for Those on the
The question of what has hit the
stock market has set local dealers in
these commodities guessing. For
weeks the stocks have been selling
off and the offices of local brokers
have been mighty popular places with
those who have had any' desire to
take a turn, at bucking Wall street.
Several weeks ago, when the New
York stock market commenced to
sell off severa points a day, specula
tors charged thenar movement up
to the possibility that the depression
was braugafcabioutday srasatt.-tlrC
government officials looking with
favor upon the plan ri taking oyer
the railroads, or at least adopting
some plan for operating them as a
unit during the continuance of the
Argument Knocked Out.
This argument seemed logical and
probably would have been accepted
without question had it not been for
the fact that in the bear movement,
some other stocks were harder hit
than the rails.
For instance, the Steels, Bethlehem
and United States, while the -demand
for the products were enormous, with
never a word concerning Uncle Sam
having designs on them, slumped
even more than the rails.
The industrials were caught jn the
slide downward prices and many of
them sold off several points daily.
The same was true with the coppers
and it was known that- the mines
and refining plants were being
The decline held all along the line,
the oils being raided and even the
Liberty bonds, securities back by the
government, for weeks have -been
selling 2 and 3 points under par.
Men who watch the market and
contend that they ought to know, ad
mit that they are at sea and will not
even venture a guess as to what has
put the skids under the stocks and
sent them down the toboggan.
This Was a Field Pay.
Wednesday was a field day for the
bears and the local fellows who dab
ble in stocks art said to have cleaned
up nicely. It is intimated that a
number of them felt that they had a
hunch, sold short on about every
(Continnd on rage Two, Column Two.) I
019 QJ&H T(? f&?A S""J'SX. Qv6r 7a 0 '.
thc tassus orr you y lVajc'7 CV " oe
) AT CQHfi. 5-A fXrT)
; iff 10 DAYS WTT
"rJtM II' left to nnlr 5
(Kd VA II YOUR XMAS lUouipo yovz
OH COfIRO SBTT'UMPS "BUTt STRlKf Cof l)6W(iJ 'RE5T -' "
b diz j1
Wednesday, last day on which men
of draft age can enlist, except in the
navy and the balloon service, saw
army headquarters, Fifteenth and
Dodge streets, crowded to the doors.
The first floor corridor was packed
with young men.' One line passed be
fore a line of tables where their en
listments were received. Another line
passed before Recruiting Sergeant
Hansen, who received their creden
tials, gave them a ticket for their din
ner, another ticket calling for a box
lunch and a railroad ticket to Fort
Up on the Third floor the doctors
and physical examiners were at work.
Here the men, their clothes all dis
carded, were gone over as thoroughly
as possible. If they passed, they re
ceived the credentials which entitled
them to the meal tickets and railroad
"We shipped 656 men out from this
station yesterday," said Sergeant
Hansen, "and. 150 from other stations
in this district. Ordinarily the 150
would also have gone through this of
fice, but the congestion is so great
that Major Frith, decided to send them
direct. Nearly all the men go to
Fort Logan, Colo. A few go to Jef
ferson Barracks, Mo., and a few to
Fort Riley, Kan.
Trains Are Crowded.
"All men of draft age must leave
here in time to be sworn in at Fort
Logan, after their final examination.
before noon Decenjber ' 15. "That
means thaf we will not ship out any
in this class after today. The Union
Pacific took out a special train
loaded with recruits yesterday. To
day at 4:20 o'clock the Burlington will
take out a special train. We will also
send about 150 out over the Rock
Island at 11:15 tonight.. (Some will
also go on Union Pacific regular
'fAbouf half of 'the "men enlistinor are
going into itlie. aviation; service. not I D..i. xriitt i r'. it.-.t v 1 ' 1
ss,er; but doing, work o; jthe ,;" i, "f ""M"" r ?om ruu -nyro ana
ireiTlS-lViillimeTer Gun; Projectile Explodesinr
ENEMY IN DESPERATE
HASU THROWS UP
NEW PIAVE DEFENSE
Italians Hold Own Despite Huge Reinforcements From
Russian Front Arriving to Succor Teutons; Brit
ish Arrest Fierce Mass Attack Directed
Against Them Near Cambrai. '
CONGRESSMAN FIRES FIRST
AMERICAN SHOT ON PIAVE
sented. Onfyabout one marl in 20 is
going into the infantry. The reft are
enlisting for other branches artillery,
quartermaster s corps, etc.
STEAMER IN PORTl
nam Mi VV. a
Enemy Lines Amid Cheers of Gunners4 v
MEN OF LUCKY
TO THE DRAFT
Governor-Colonel's Office Be
sieged With Men Who Want
Discharges So That They
The Hague, Tuesday, Dec. 12.The
ietnerianas uverseas irust was in
(By Annotated Fre.) '
Italian Army Headquarters in Northern Italy, Tuesday,
Dec. 11. The first American shot against Austria was fired by
Representative George H. Tinkham of Boston, on the lower
Tinkham pulled a string firing a large 149-millimeter srun.
tA.,. u.. u. D 1. 1. : I J ! .U.11 I ul! iL. n. 1. 1 a .
that the Dutch steamship Nieuw tions.
reheT'is3 beini'etafne8? HalffLx" , n hue ?J?udt of hlack smoke marked the place where the
having been provided with no safe shell burst. The Italian artillerymen gathered around the gun
conduct or distinguishing mark, and and raised a cheer as the American congressman fired.
also having passengers on board. Un
der these circumstances and espe
cially in view of the recent seizure by
the Germans of the Belgian relief
steamer Haelen, the British govern
ment cannot undertake the responsi
bility of' permitting the Nieuw Ams
terdam to continue its voyage, the
Overseas Trust was told.
Nine Thousand Men
. . RenrMntativ TinlrViam fri tKitJ"
shot by invitation of the colonel in
command near Dona di Piave. The
shell was sent on its journey during a
heavy artillery fire along the Piave
and the northern front. The bombard
ment was especially concentrated
back of Mount Grappa, between the
Piave and Brenta rivers. This may be
an indication of another drive on the
Cnliot in flno Tii an indication 01 another drive c
nnii&i in une uay jtalian iine8 from that direction.
Washington, Dec. 32. The last
hour rush to enlist before the regula
tions applying to registered men be
came applicable at noon Saturday
continues to bring volunteers into the
regular army by the thousands. Yes
terday's enlistments were 9,401 After
aaiuraay noon registered men may
not enlist unless tney can show cer-
tihcates from local draft boards that
they are far down on the lists.
Claude L. Peake, Former Carrier
For The Bee, Arrives in France
Claude L. Peake, son of Mr. and
Mrs. C. A. Peae, 1924 South Thirty
fifth street, has just landed In France,
where he has gone to take charge
of a Young Men's Christian associa
tion war camp. His parents have iust
received a cablegram anrrouncine his
Senate Passes Webb Bill,
Boosting U. S. Exports
Washington. Dec. 12. The Webb
txport bill to legalize combinations of
) American exporters in promoting
f their foreign commerce, was passed
by the senate late today, 51 to 11.
ti 1 . t 1 ' 1 . 1. : - l - i
i trresiaenr wnson, 111 ins reran au-
I tiress to congress, urged enactment
f fpf the measure, which was passed
I Jast June by the house and now goes
I Jo conference.
I ! The measure provides that prohi
$ titions of the Sherman and Clayton
I Snti-trust. laws against combinations
lor foreign selling shall not be en
1 Jorced, provided trade in this coun
try is not thereby restrained and that
to agreements shall be made or acts
done "which artificially or the natural
Consequences of which enhanc; or de
press prices within the United States
Claude I,. Pt:iki was n nanpr r-r-
rier for The Bee from the time he I to Vienna, most of its crew was saved
There has been no break in the in
fantry inactivity on the western and
Italian fronts. The artillery on both
sides has been active alongMhe greater
part of the two fronts and on the
western front the allied and German
airmen have engaged in lively com
bats. German reinforcements con
tinue to be sent westward, but there
is no sign of Jwhen and where the ex
pected blow will fall. Heavy bombard
ments by the big guns generally sig
nify approaching fighting activity, and j
yie impression prevails in auica capi
tals that the Germarfl will make a su
preme effort before very long.
The enemy has resumed the,attack.
Today's official statement says that
the Italians resisted stubbornly yes
terday throughout the day and that a
few positions which were abandoned
in the beginning of the fighting were
reoccupied in nearly all cases. In the
evening the enemy effort was reduced
to the normal artillery fire.
Austrian Warship Sunk.
, The Austrian battleship Wien has
been torpedoed and sunk. According
To Avenge Jacob Jones
Victim, 15 Boys Enlist
Newartc, O., Dec. 12. Seeking to
avenge the death of their friend,
Archie B. Leedy, of this city, who
they believe lost his life on the de
stroyer Jacob Jones, 15 Newark
boys have enlisted in the navy
since yesterday morning. Of this
number 10 went in a body to Zanes
ville and enlisted Others will fol
low. Western Lines Send 100
Engines to E,1se Traffic
Washington, Dec. 12. Western
lines ivere ordered by the railroad
war board to send east 100 locomo
tives to aid in relieving traffic congestion.
Washington, Dec. 12. Reinforcements from the Russian
front for the Austro-German invaders of Italy are still arriving,
an official dispatch from Rome today announced.
The German plan of action, however, has suffered much
delay in its development. Information from Austrian sources
reveals that it had been planned to reach Bassano.ll days ago.
V MASS GREAT FORCES.
Four Austro-German divisions were
put out of action fir recent operations
between the Brenta and Piave rivers.
Italian aviators report thf Austro
Germans massing large forces near
Foza, and the enemy feverishly con
structing defensive works before
British Repulse Foe.
London, Dec. 12. A fierce mass at
tack was made by the Germans today
against the elbow in the bend of the
British line between Bullecourt and
Queaut (about 10 miles west of Cam
brai), says the Reuter correspondent
at British headquarters in France.
Their intention was to overwhelm
their opponents by sheer weight of
numbers. Owing to the staunchness
of the British opposition, the attack
only enabled the Germans to get a
fooling in about 500 iyards of the
British front line when the attack was
arrested. . .
Smajl Local Success. - -
Thus the attack was reduced to tho
limits of a very-smalt' local success
at the most. The correspondent adds
that it is difficult to get details, but
the fighting lasted from dawn until
1 o'clock in the afternoon and the
continuance of firing after, that sug
gested a British counter attack. ' ,
In his description of the battle, th
correspondent says: ,
"What apparently was intended as a
determined German attack upon the
sector of our tine east of Bujlecourtr
was . delivered shortly before dawn,
and, owing tohenutrctTKtss of Our
troops, was reduced to the limits of a
very small local success at, the most.
The spot the enemy chose was the
elbow in the bend of our line between
Bullecourt and ueant. ,,, ;
"The Germans opened an intense
bombardment as the first streaks of a
frosty dawn were paling the eastern
sky. Our artillery promptly replied
with a barrage put down between the
opposing trenches in order to catch
any infantry advance. ".
"Assaulting waves of ' Bavarian
troops came over in close formation. "
It was the manifest intention to throw
great pressure upon the front of the
attack and overpower the defenders
if possible, by sheer weight of num
Alpine Snows Begin. N
With the French Armies in Itali
Tuesday, Dec. "11. Snow, which hal
been eagerly awaited and long de-'
layed, began to fall this morning in
the mountaiu district where the Austro-German
armies are - striving to
break through. The beginning of the
snowfalKadds to the optimism of those
who have been confident, that the
drive would be checked within its
To Aid Dental Dispensary, '
The Dundee theater put on a new
Douglas Fairbanks picture Wednes
day and Thursday, 20 pe- cent of the
proceeds from which go to "the
Omaha Free Dental dispensary.
Governor Keith Neville's otlice
tne state House at Lincoln was
besieged by hundreds of registrants
who had enlisted in the governor's
pet regimenr, the Seventh Nebraska,
clamoring for honorable discharges
from the "Lucky Seventh" that they
might take advantage of the last day
to enlistin some other branch of the
service in some other rcginicitt or
corps that is likely to "go over."
That "there's many a slip, between
the cup and the lip" was aptly demon
strated when, ait order issued Novem?
ber 26 was made public yesterday by
the War department, which provides
tlia.t..ucu-juiuf.National Guard units
will be drafted it3 federal service.
T the ordetris as follows:
"Inasmuch as all National Guard
units in existence on August 5, .1917,
WRVjc been drafted into the military
service .of the United States in ac
cordance with the provisions of the
second paragraph of section 1 of the
acts of congress approved May 18,
1917,- and-that the raising of addi
tional forces.for the protection of the
war is provided for by other means
prescribed in said act, the secretary
of war directs that none of the Na
tional Guard created since the draft
of August 5, 1917, shall he called ,into
the military service of the United
States for the present. They arc,
however, subject to draft at the dis
cretion tif the president.
x "JOHN BTDDLE.
N "Acting Chicf-of-StatT."
Governor Neville issued a state
ment that he never expected the
"Lucky Seventh" to be called out be
fore spring and possibly not -until
next summer. There are approxi
mately 1,800 units in the regiment and
are not exempt from the selective
Abbott at Lincoln.
Major Abbott, in charge of the re
cruiting headquarters of the gover
nor's pet regiment in Omaha, is in
Lincoln endeavoring to importune the
governor to grant discharges to all
those who desire to enlist in some
other branch of the service.
Tradesmen and mechanics from all
over the state have enlisted with the
expectation that the Seventh Ne
braska would be called into service
at an early date and a majority of the
(( ciiillniird on I'nxe Two, Column One.)
Where Italians in Brilliant
Night Sortie Defeat Teutons
The vessel measured 5,512 tons and
its pre-war complement was 441 men.
TinkTiam a "Franc-tireur." v
Washington, Dec. 12. Congressman
Tinkham, by firing an Italian gun at
the Austrian positions, has taken on
the status of a noncombatant attack
ing troops, and, according to the rules
or war, laid himself liable to execu
tion by the Austrians should he by
any chance fall into their hands. Un
der the laws of war. a civilian may
never engage in hostilities.
The temper of the German govern
ment toward such incidents was plain
ly displayed early in the war when
orders were issued to the German
troops to promptly execute any Amer
icans found fighting with the British
or French? Jhe order- described them
Ac with arma in tliAir Uanrta f mm a
In National Army ThiS Year country with which Germany was at
Washington, Dec 12.-Men of the P"t u,a -,r a..
clared does not alter the situation,
and any. American civilian engaging
in hostilities, regardless of his posi
tion in civil nte, is regarded as a
was big vnough to carry papers until
he got through his school work here.
He was a captain of a company o'f
cadets in the Omaha High school,
where he was graduated in 1906.
Young Peake then battled through
the various sc' ools and colleges until
he acquired aiKexceptionally fine edu
cation. He attended the Peru Normal
school four years, was three years in
Boston Theological seminary, and
then- taught one and one-half years
in South American colleges. Two
years ago he taught for one year in
the Commercial High school of
Omaha, and during the last one and
one-half years he has been teaching
Few Christmas Furloughs
A.Z 1 ! . a
nauonai army win not . be given
Christmas furloughs unless they live
within trolley distance of their can
tonments, the , War deoartmenr has
The Austro-Germarfs are trying to
break through the Italian front on
the A'siago plateau and reach the
Sette Comuni. Bassano is the imme
diate objective of this offensive, the
SMTtt LiHt i " -: OA.O S
success of which would turn the en
tire Fiave river line. Rome reports
the Italians have halted a pretentious
Austro-German effort to descend the
Frenzela valley, just east of the main
Eveiy patriotic Ameri
can household is ob
serving at least one
Wheatless Day each
Make the Wheatless
Day a day to look for
ward to, by serving de
licious dishes of corn.
The Bee will send you
FREE a copy of a new
sixty-one recipes . for
If you are not keeping
the Wheatless Day send
for a cony of "The
Cornmeal Book" and
you will keep a Wheat-..
less Day and enjoy "it.
It's Free to Bee Readers
Send name and address
with a two-cent.; stamp
for return - postage '.to
The Omaha Bee Infor
mation, Bureau, Wash
ington, D. C. Ask for:
Powered by Open ONI