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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 11, 1917)
VOL. XL VII. NO. 151.
OMAHA, TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 11, 1917.-TEN PAGES.
S Tralss. tl MeteU.
Nm tttaih Its-, Is,
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS
TO THE BRITISH
NNY CA USES REVOLT;
WREST HOLY CITY FROM
TURKS AFTER ALLENBY
ATTACKS ON ALL SIDES
Capture Delayed to Some Degree in Consequence of Great
Care Taken to Avoid Damage to Sacred Relics in
City; Official Occupation' Tomorrow,
Announces Bonar Law. -
-London, Dec. ,10. Andrew
exchequer, announced in the
Jerusalem, after being surrounded on all sides by British
troops, had surrendered.
The chancellor said British, French .and Mohammedan
representatives were on the way
tjptvts Sm rwn STnir.s
General Allcnby reported that on
Saturday he (attacked the enemy's po
, sitions south and west of Jerusalem,
the chancellor said. Welsh and Home
, coun troops advancing from the di
1 rection of Bethlehem, drove back the
enemy and, passing Jerusalem on the
east, established themselves dn the Je
rusalem and placed themselves astride
the Jerusalem-Shechem road. The
Holy City, being thus isolated, sur
rendered to General- Allenby.
Official Entrance Tomorrow.
;The chancellor said General Allenby
expected to enter Jer-ffsalem officially
tomorrows accompanied by the com
manders of .the French and Italian
contingents and' the heads of the
Fjrench political missions British po
litical officers,' together wih the Brit
ish governor,: were in the party that
had gone ahead on the safeguarding
mission, the chancellor, stated.
"The capture' of Jerusalem had been
delayed to "some - degree, added , the
chancellor, in" consequence of the
great-J 'rare . that had been' taken to
avoid damage to thetacred places in
and around the city.. , '
.Apart from its connection with the
campaign being waged against Tur
key by the British in Mesopotamia,
the fall of Jerusalem was the definite
collapse of the long-protracted efforts
of the,. Turks - to capture , th'e Suez
canal and 'invade Egypt, hi Novem
lier. 1914, a 'sTtifkih army, variously
estimated at frem tf3,O0O Uf 250,qp0
"men. marchcrl?on the Suez canal and
succeeded In, reaching within -striking
distance of lUe' great artificial jvater
way at several points. V
In December. 1915, the Turks were
driven back as far as El Arisli, about
85 miles casf of the canal. In; June,
the Turks again advanced -as far as
Katicb,- about. 15 miles east of the
canal. Here they were decisively de
feated.' "losing more .'than 3,000 pris
wiers and a great quantity of equipr
fliei't. In December, 1916, the- British
stoA" scd El Atish and a few days later
se.f ly defeated the Turks at Magli-
dabi'iiu about' six miles to the south on'
the t-aiiK front. i jvo weeks later the
jfivi'iiers had been driven out of Egypt
and' the British forces crossed the
bonier into Palestine. t
On March. 7 last the British cap
tured El Khulil. (the ancient Hebron),
15 ii;i!es south of Jerusalem.
' r'.arlv iti November thev took Beer-
slicha, 40 miles south of Jerusalem.
Bv November 7 the city of Gaza was
iif' their hands and the, British were
pursuing theTurks'iorthward' after
hr.ving'inflicted casualties as in excess
of 10,000. v : ; '
By Noveinbc;-22 the British had
pushed witiiin'five miles f Jerusalem,
on the- northwest, "aiuPon December
7- General AllenbyNannotrhced that he
had definite possession of 7Tebron.
Jerusalem thus was; virtually cut off
on alt sides but the east.
'."In sentimental and romantic aspect
the capture of. Jerusalem far exceeds
even the fall ; of ' fable-crowned Bag-
--'.,d. The modern city, of Jerusalem
contains about 60,000 inhabitants and
is- the. home of pestileAce, filth and
fevers, bu'. in historic interest it natu
rally surpasses, to the Christian
' '(Continued on; Pago two, Column Tiro.)
For Nebraska Snow. '
Tfimperntures at Omaha Yesterday
5 a,' m. . .
?s. m. . .
8 a. m. .
t a. m. .
Ill a. m. .
11 a. m
13 m....t S
1 p. m 1
2 p. m..k. 1
3 p. ni . 1
4 P. in. 2
5 p. pi.- 1
6 p. ni.; 0
7 y. m,..X 1
8 p. Ill 0
Comparative Loral Record.
- - 19. 1916. 1913. 1914.
Highest yenterday. .. 2 3 5 18
Lowest yesterday.... 18 S3 28 13
Mean tempearture. ..' 5 29 33 16
Precipitation-...... .00 .02 .07 .02
Temperature and precipitation departure!
from the normal:
Normal temperature 2
deficiency for the day 34
Total deficiency since March 1... 339
Normal precipitation 03 Inch
Deficiency for' the day 03 Inch
Total rainfall since March 1 : 1.68 Inches
Jlofielency since March 1. ...... 6.98 Inches
JJeflelency for eor. period, 1916.. 12.56 Inches
Deficiency for cor. period, 1916.. 1.83 Inches
.V R'porte from Stations at 7 P. M.
Station and State Temp. High- Raln-
of weather. :. 7 p. m,
Cheyenne, snowing ..
lnvenport, clear ' 0
Vch Moines, cloudy . .
Jod-e City, clear
tander, cart cloudy.
North Platte, clear .
pueblo, pyt cloudy..
Hapld C.. clear. 0
tilt Lake City, cloudy.. 34 42
Snta Fe. part cloudy.. 42 4
Sheridan, clear - 4 10 .02
Sioux City, part cloudy I 2 .00
Valentine, clear.'. 6 4 .01
Indicates below xero.
Ik U Ju WELSH, MeteorologliU
r ... :.,v- t
Bonar Law,' chancellor of the
House of Commons today that
to Jerusalem to safeguard the
LOST TO GERMANS
Observation Points ' East-of
Caposile on Lower Piave
Retaken by the Roman
; ' .Forces. .
Washington, , Dec. , 10. Rome dis
patches today, conforming earlier re
ports of a lull after the fierce fight
ing in which ' the,. Teutons failed to
break through the Italian lines, say
the Austro-German .contmandersac
rificed hundreds of thousands of his
best men without improving his posi
tion. . -;
It may be stated that the central
powers have failed to obtain their
general objective, namely, to break
through the Italians' lines into the
plains of .Italy, where they expected
to find comfortable shelter during the
winter months. ;""'' ;;
- Rome, Dec." ' 10. Observation f
trenches which had been lost by the
Italian's east of Caposile, on the lower
Piave line, have been retaken by the
Italian forces,- - -the war office an
nounced today. '
(By Associated Press.)
In northern Italy the Austro-German
efforts to penetrate the Ital
ian mountain barrier have, been sus-
pended, but apparently the attempt,
to break the Italian dine is beinge-
newed along-the Piave. , Berlin re
ports a success near the mouth of the
river, m which the bridgehead ot
Sile.'at the edge of the inundated dis
trict about eight miles from the Adri
atic and three miles west of the main
river bed, was'captured. ,
Reports-from the Italian front have
jiiininiized the danger ,of any move
ment by the Austro-German invaders
along this section' of the river, and
apparently the Itafian force, at this
point was not an important! one, as
the capture of only 200 prisoners is
claimed by the 6erman staff. ' " '
"Official anouncement is made by
Berlin of the signing of an armistice
with the Russo-Roumanian armies on
the Roumanian front, the agreement
embracing the line from the Dniester
to the mouth of the Danube.
CATCHES FIRE IN
Halifax, N. Dec. 10. The deck
cargo of the British steamer Picton,
laden with munitions, caught fire
last night and only the quick and
courageous work of the Halifax
company of riflemen prevented an
other big explosion in the harbor.
The men boarded the ship, threw
the burning cargo overboard and
checked the flames before they
could spread to the holds. The ves
sel' was taken to sea today and
After the Picton had gone to the
bottom, it was officially announced 1
that , there was absolutely no dan
ger now of other explosions in the
Chief Dunn is Better.
' Chief Dunn continues to improve'.
Latest reports from his bedside indi
cate that he will be able to eat his
Food Adminisfration "Spanks"
A mild "rebuke has been adminis
tered to Farmers' Co-operative union
by the federal fodd administration-on
account of the way Jthe union has
sought to deal with the sugar situa
tion. Recently the Farmers' union, it
is said, emi loyed an attorney to make
a trip to Washington to use his in
fluence to bring about a' change in the
rules governing the shipping of sugar.
; The rules 6f the food administra
tion had been made with a view to
serving sugar consumers in any given
territory from the sugar mills in clos
est proximity to consumers' territory
to avoid useless hauls of the commod
ity back and forth.
'This regulation prevented the
Farmers' union of Nebraska from get
nipninm ntiio nr?
UAo DAIl DLUl-
. HOUSE AT FORT
Corporal Leonard . Pracy Seri
ously Burned-in Terrific
Explosion That Rocks
v v Army Post.
Lives and property weto endan
gered yesterday wnen an army
balloon exploded in the huge balloon
shed at Fort Omaha.
The explosion1 occurred at 11
o'clock. Houses were shaken and win
dow' glass broken by the ' terrific de
tonation, which could be heard all
over the north end of the city.
Had the balloon shed . caught 'fire
and the flames spread to the bijj gas
manufacturing plant nearby, all build
ings and the lives of thousands of peo
ple in that part of Omaha would have
been m danger. . '
Corporal Leonard Pracy was tfie
only soldier seriously injured. He was
burned about the face and hands. His
injuries were treated at the post hos
pital. ' .
Lieutenant Colonel Hersey, com
manding officer at the fort, issued, a
statement that the explosion, was
caused by friction creating a spark in
side an old army balloon that was be
, j. here were two explosions, the first
a juinor,one. Immediately following
the iirstlast 4he second explosion
came. ' . t '
All the windows in the big balloon
shed were blown out. "
Two Balloons Escape.
. .Two big army balloons; each fully
inflated with 7,000 cubic feet of gas,
weres alongside the gas bag that blew
up. " .
Neither was damaged, although it
is considered a miracle that they too
did" not explode. '
Both the Omaha city fire depart
ment and the army post tire brigade)
had apparatusat the scene of the ex
plosions a few minutes after they oc
curred. t. .
Owing to the heavy smoke and gas
which followed, the explosion of the
gas bag, .army men were unable to
gain entrance to the balloon house to
The entire north side of OUnaha
was thrown into a furor of excite
ment over the explosion, which, could
be distinctly heard over a radius of
many blocks. -
V The huge balloon house is constantly
guarded. At night great searchlights
play upon the building and not even
a rat could cross the open ground
near the shed without being detected
Immediately adjacent to the bal
loon shed is the large gas plant. Had
the fire extended to the gas plant an
explosion which would have rocked
the north end of Omaha might have
Beet Sugar Due for Raise
Says National Food Man
Salt Lake City, Dec. 10. That beet
sugar and Honolulu cane sugar will
be advanced to $7.50 a hundred
bounds Within the next few days was
the prediction made today by
Stephen If. Love, member of the su
gar distributing committee of the na
tional food administration.
BIG GUNS ACTIVE ON MEUSE.
Parts, Dec. 10. Violent . artillery
fighting occurred last night on the
Verdun front east of the Meuse.
"The-artillery fighting was violent
for a time in Alsace and also on the
right bank of the Meuse, in the region
of Chambrettes." says today's official
report. "Ah enemy raid against our
small posts south of Corbeny was re
pulsed." . HUNGARIANS IN ITALY,
" Berlin, Dec. 10. Hungarian in
fantry in the Piave delta yesterday
stormed the Italian bridgehead on the
Sile river, east of Caposile, and took
prisoner more than 200 Italians, it
was announced officially today by the
German war office. -
i . ARMISTICE SIGNED.
Berlin, Dec, 10. Military officials of
the central powers have signed an
armistice with the Russian and Rou
manian armies on the Roumanian
front between the Dniester river and
the mouth of the Danube, the war of
fice officially announced today .
ting its sugar from Xew Orleans, as
heretofore. It could not get the
same terms with the Nebraska sugar
mills it had been getting from the
cane mills of New Orleans, hence the
prfetest and the request to change the
In a letter to Food Administratar
Wattles of Nebraska the federal food
administration says: "It is to be re
gretted that any organization should
have employed a paid attorne to rep
resent them. "It is also to be regret
ted that any organization has been
selling sugar for less than cost or in
quantities larger that, those permitted
by the regulations of the administra
tion. We regret also the useof sugar
as an advertising commodity in these
times."- ;- -
MOTHER OF ENSIGN WHO
PERISHED ON U. S. SHIP
BEARS LOSS BRAVELY
IVlfst Flofa "Ft KAilciiiitmg
When She Learns Only Son Gave His Life In
Cause of Democracy; fie and She
v As the brave mothers of brave men should mourn, so Mrs.
Flora F. Kalk mourns the death of her son, Ensign Stanton F.
Kalk, who was lost when the United States- destroyer Jacob
Jones was sunk Ibry a submarine. Mrs. Kalk, who formerly
lived in Omaha with her son,' is visiting here at the home of her
sister, Mrs. T. JF. Kennedy, 127 North Forty-second street. 1
REAL AMERICAN WOMAN. 0 , '
A woman of medium height, still
young-looking in spite of her graying
hair, she is dressed in black, with a
bit of white at the throat. She might
well stand for the type of "American
motherhood." Only a few hours ago
she had received word that her son,
her only son, had lost his life out on
the bleak waters of the North Sea-
had lost hisjifc in the service of his
country. Only two days ago she had
received a letter from the boy, as
she had received (them nearly every
day, tor the motner an$ son were al
ways comrades. -... . , .
Suddenly the one remaining mem
ber of her family hid been taken
from her.Tt is .the hardest conceivable
blow. But this American mother does
not give way utterly to. grief. Her
eyes are swollen and red, telling of a
night spent m weeping. Her voice
trembles as she talks. But she does
not give way to her sorrow not in
Widow of Soldier. .
Such mothers make America what
it is, ah irresistible intelligent, self
controlling force. Mrs. Kalk is the
daughter, the widow and the mother
of men who spent their, lives in the
Service of their country. Her father
was General T. H. Stanton; her hus
band was Lieutenant hrank G. Kalk;
ner son. ensign Stanton' t. Kalk.
This s not the first time tracedv
has entered the life of this brave, gen
tle woman in black. Seventeen years
ago her husband was killed in a rail
road accident at Burlington, la.
Classmate of Pershing.
"It was a dreadful thing," shesaid.
"At that time my husband was mili
tary instructor in Iowa Weslevan uni
versity t Burlington. He belonged
to the 1' .h infantry and graduated
(Continued on Pane Two, Column Three.)
KILLED ON BOARD
U. S. SUBMARINE
Washington Dec, 10. News of an
explosion on . board the submarine
A-2, -resulting, in the death of Joseph
Schaeffer, chief electrician of the boat,
was received today by the' Navy de
partment.. Xvo details were given by the de
partment's announcement. Schaeffer
died from injuries after the accident.
He was 25 years old and enlisted in
the navy March 6, 1912, at Omaha, as
an apprentice seaman. After being
honorably dischawged .March 4, 1916,
'rom the U. S. J. Iris, he re-enlisted
May 19, 1916, as an electrician.
His sister, Mrs. Clara Amen, lives
at Hastings, Neb, .
jn Omaha, Acts Like Spartan
. RAIL QUESTION
Wilson Will Seek Special Legis
lation to Bring About .Uni
fication of Roads Dur
(llf Associated Press.)
Washington, Dec' 10. President
Wilson will go to congress for spe
cial legislation to bring about unifica
tion of railroads during the war.
' The fact that the president has de
cided definitely on such a move be
came known tonight after he had
gone over the whole transportation
situation with Senator vNewIands
chairman of the senate interstate
commerce .committee. He probably
will ask for the legislation in an ad
dress to be delivered before the
Indications tonight were that the
president has confided to none of his
associates his full intention and offi
cials were doubtful as to just what
he may ask. : m
The persident's advisers - are di
vided in their views as to what is nec
(Contlnued on Pane Two, Column Five)
Petition in Boots"
Council to Get
"You've got to make a noise in
this world if you expect to get any
where," is the policy of residents of
Benson when seeking public improve
ments. Benson wants a park. This former
village, which is now a part of
Greater Omaha, did not send a for
mal letter to the city council with
these words, "Please give us a park.
Thanking you for early considera
tion, we are." They did not write a
They sent to the city council cham
ber a formidable array "of declama
tory talent. . "A petition in boots,"
remarked the Careful Observer.
The following publicists of Benson
appeared before the city commission
ers and voiced in eloquent terms the
present needs of their community:
James Walsh, Colonel Lew Mather,
SIBERIAN "REDS" SEEK TO
KEEP ALL FOOD SUPPLIES
OUT OF REACH OF TEUTONS
I. ..A. I. ...
i 1 '
Provisional Government Orders Stoppage of Shipments to
'European Russia, Particularly Petrograd; Counter
Revolt Under Kalendines Aims to Seize
Authority; Troops Besiege Impor
tant Railway Center.
Petrograd, Sunday, Dec. 9. The provisional government
of Siberia hat ordered the stoppage of food supplies4 for Euro
pean Russia, particularly Petrograd, on the ground that they
may reach Germany.
IMO CREW BLAMES
v 1 1 1
Seamen on Belgian Steamer
GiveVersion of Tragedy;
Men Stuck to Their . ;
Latest Figures on -
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Dec 10.
Revised figures were issued today
regarding casualties resulting from
the explosion as follows:
Known dead, 1,200.
Unaccounted for, 2,000, ,
Dead which have been identified,
900. , '
Wounded,' 8,000.. .
Halifax, N. S., Dec. lO.-Memberj
of the crew of the ' Belgian 'steamer
Imo assert that the French munitions
steamer Mont' Blauc was ' to' blame
for the1-collision which caused the
terrible explosion last Thursday.
! The crew's, version of the tragedy
i The Imo was proceeding down the
harbor toward the. sea when the Mont
Blanc was seen coming toward it,
apparently, tor, tne ucaiora ,iasiu.
The French vessel was on the Dart
mouth side of the narrows. It blew
two blasts of the whistle, indicating
that it was going to starboard. The
Imo replied with two blasts. The
Mont Blanc turned and the crew of
the Imo thought that they could, pass
in safety,, but the distance between
the two vessels was too short and the
Imo rammed the Mont Blade on tho
starboad side. , s
Saw Chemical Flames.
Neither vessel appeared to be se
riously damaged" by the' collision.
After they separated the Mont' Blanc
headed for one of the city piers. The
Imo went on,-the skipper's intention
being, .the crew believe, to get into
shallow water in order to find out ex
actly what damage had been done to
The seamen received their first
warning of danger when they saw
chemical , flames leaping from the
decks of the Mont Blanc. Then
came the explosion. The Imo was
caught in the tidal wave and, riding
on its crest, was hurled on the rocky
beach. The sailors declare that no
attempt was made to leave the ship
until it struck and that every man
was in his place. '
Head Blown OfT. , '
The capU.in was standing on the
bridge and his head was blown off.
The wheelsman was at his post and
his body was found in that os tion
when the steamer was examined later.
The body f the pilot, Willia-Ulayes,Lernnin't dissolving the Tctrograd mu-
was found along the shore near the
hulk, and it is thought he was blown
from the deck. Every man above
uec.K was kiiicu.
When the vessel struck the beach
the survivors rushed up from beneath
decks. 'and scrambled ashore. Thirtv-
one men escaped. Naval relief parties
found them wandering about in the
All those on board the Mo (ft Blanc
escaped from the ship, but three men
were subsequently wounded, by pro
(t'ontlnued on Pat Two, Column Two.)
Park for Benson
G. R. Williams, Ed Sorenson, E. C
Hodder, Jonas Fry, A. E. Dunn, G.
W. Wright and George' McArdle. .
"Honorable geptlement of the city
commission," began James Walsh.
The city commissioners turned their
heads as one "mam.
"We are here today as citizens of
Greater Omaha, reprjsenting particu
larly the commonwealth of that ter
ritory formerly known as i-enson,"
continued Mr. Walsh. "We are ask
ing for a public park and we know
that such fair-minded gentlemen as
yourselves' could not if you would,
nor would not if you could, deny us
that privilege." ; " " 1
Eight other Bensonites followed
with cogent reasons why. Benson
should have a public park. ' .
The city commissioners will take
the matter under careful ; considera
) CIVIL WAR BREAKS OUT.
Civil war has broken out In Russia
and the Bolshevik! regime apparently
will be put to the tet. The Petro
grad government has issued a proc
lamation announcing that Generals
Kaledines, Korniloff and Dutoff have
begun a revolt in southeastern Euro
pean Russia. ' '
The Bolsheviki announcement . de
clares that the constitutional demo
crats are assisting the hetman of the
Don Cossacks, and his fellow military;
leaders, who are said to aim at cut-'
ting off food supplies and in seizing
power from the Black Sea to the Ural "
mountains, as well as in the . Cauca
sus. Bolsheviki troops have been or
dered to take the held against the
General Katedinc- is said to: be
collecting his forces and it is inferred
that their objectives' include Moscow.
General Dutoff is leading the revolt
in the . province of Orenburg and 1 is
endeavoring to cut the trans-S'berian
railway at Tcheliabinsk.. , Two: towns .
in the Caucasus arc. besieged by forces '
under General KarauloJf. . .
In Orenburg the' Bolsheviki leaders
have been arrested and: the soldiers
under them disarmed. In tfie )ey
Ukranian republic the middle class is "
reported to be a'siisiin'g .General Kal
edines nS opposition to the workmen's
and soldiers cotiiwils. The, pfdclatha; '
tidn of the iiolsheviki denounce s the ;
constitutional' democratic-party and
its leaders, -.including. Michael Rod-'
rianko, the jormer president of the
Duma,; and Paul .N. ' MilukolT, ... (the
former foreign minister, '
.. Arrest Election Committee.
The central election cortimittee of '
the constituent assembly, which in-
eludes minimalists and constitutional!'
democrats, "have been arrested by the
Bolsheviki red guard and the members
taken to the Smolny .institute,' the
headquarter.s of the Bolsheviki, where
they protested against their arrest. ',
Returns from the elections in Mos
cow show that five Bolsheviki, four '
constitutional democrats and 'one so-'
cial revolutionist were elected to the
constituent assembly,, Scattering re
turns from the provinces indicate that "
the Bolsheviki will have the largest
vote of any single faction, probably
equaling tha,t of all the others com
bined.. The garrisons were largely for
the Bolsheviki; thesocial revolution
ists carried the villages and the con
stitutional ;democrats the town. '
The entral duma committee,
though it has been dispersed, issued a
statement that it is still contihuingits
work, v ' , '
The workmen have taken over the
control of factories in the Petrograd
district under a decree issued by;the
Bolsheviki. The' Petrograd banks
have decided to issue notes aggregat
ing 100,000,000 rubles to relieve. the,
financial, situation. . . i
Former Premier : Kerensky, . in' a
communication addressed to the pro
visional government, announces that
although ,he has resigned as premier,
he still considers himself a member
of the cabinet. , '
a NuIItfy. Bolsheviki Decree., .
The decree of the Bolsheviki gov-
nnicipa council has aroused; strong
opposition on dart vf social revolu-v ;
tionary members of the central execu
tive coinmitfee of the soldier's'-'lnd,
workmen's delegates; who at tonight's
session characterized the act as unau
thorized and illegal. A resolution 'de
claring the decree void was carried by
a bare majority. . '
The Bolsheviki rallied their sup
porters, 'demanded a roll call and de
feated the resolution by. a'small ma
jority. As a concession to the dis-
(Contlnoed on Page 'Two, Column -on
! The following Room 'to ;
Rent advertisement ; ; ,
NICE light housekeeping rooms suitable' for
family; adults preferred; i walking , dis
' tanee. Douglas St Phone Red, ,
appeared in one issue of
The Bee (Sunday, Decem
ber 10th) ; Monday morn- "
ing the advertiser phoned
. Tyler 1000 . -
. saying she had secured la.'
reliable roomer as a direct .
result of the ad. -..u
Take advantage' of , the : :
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