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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 5, 1917)
VOL. XLm NO. 146.
OMAHA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 5, 1917. FOLJRTEEN PAGES.
On Trtlni, it H.lcli,
Nfwi Standi, Etc., tc.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS
2 : : 9 " , . " . ' ' ... :
VIOLENT FIGHTING RENEWED
HEAVY LOSSES TO GERMANS
Activity Unequated Since Verdun Attack, Dense Masses
of Attacking Infantry Being Cut Down Lnke
Grass bys Concentrated Fire of British
Artillery at Marcoing.
With the British Army in France, Dec. 4. That "Field
Marshal Haig prevented the Germans from breaking through
hii Jines on the Cambrai front, discount the small gains which
(ftdenemy hosts achieved yesterday at a terrible cost in life. It
mains that yesterday's critical period has been successfully
passed and that for the second time in four days Field Marshal
Haig thwarted what is believed to have been a German attempt
to duplicate the German-Austro-Hungarian performance
FIGHTING UNEQUALLED SINCE VERDUN.
(By Aiaoelated Prei.) '
Before Cambrai the violent fighting activity, unequalled
sinceHhe days of the Verdun attack, has broken out anew on a
front of less, than three miles between Marcoing and Genne
lieu. British troops in this sector repulsed-with heavy losses
German attacks delivered in great strength with large forces.
After the fighting of Friday and
Saturday, m which the enemy sut-
i-cd severely in fruitless efforts to
break through the British defenses
before Cambrai, the Germans brought
up fnew reserve forces. These were
thrown against the southern leg of
the salient and throughout Monday,
Field" Marshal llaig says, "fighting of
an exceptionally severe nature" took
place. Thtf infantry masses attacked
under a strong artillery fire . from
concentrated British guns, -v
The Germans advanced ; into La.
-Vaqucrie. but' were -immediately
thrown out of most, of their gains.
East of Marcoing. the attacks forced
the British lo retire slightly. South
of Marcoing the enemy broke through,
but a British counter attack restored
the position. Elsewhere on the Cam
brai battle front there has been little
activity, the Germans bending all
their offensive efforts on the front be
tween Marcoing and Bonnelieu.
Southeast of Ypres, in Flanders, the
British have advanced their line
j'4rhtly near. Polygon ; Wood. Very
Vvy artillery actions are taking
plaee north of the Aisne on the
French front. On the right bank of
the Meuse the Germans essayed an
ittack north of Flirey, in the Woe
re, only to be checked with heavy
loss by the French,
Jnfantry 'activity on the Italian
front has not been renewed, although
the Austro-Germans are busy with
troop movements behind the lines,
probably in preparation for a su
preme blow against the. Italian north
ern front. Large Teuton forces
have been in motion north of the
Asiago plateau and between the
Brenta and the Piave, but they have
kept beyond the reach of Italian guns.
Artillery activity continues heavy.
East Africa Conquered. ,
4 German, East Africa has been
eared of enemy forces and ' Ger
many's last colony has fallen com
pletely into allied hands. The cam
paign in this territory, with an area
of more than 384,000 square miles, be
pan nearly, three years ago. British,
Belgian and Portuguese troops were
engaged against the German troops,
mostly natives, who prolonged, , the
lighting by carrying on guerrilla war
fare in small bands. v
An armistice between Austro-Ger-man
and Russian troops on the east
ern front is in force in Galicia, Vol
lynia and northward. Russian emis
;aries have1 reached the headquarters
(Continued on I'nge FItc, Calumit One.)
For Nebraska Cloudy.
Temperatures at Omaha Yesterday,
5 a. m SI
0 a. m 31
" a, m si
S a. ni 32
9 a. m 33
10 a. ni . 35
11 a.nl 33
lii ni...'. 30
1 p. in 28
2 p. m 28
p. m...v. 27
1 p. m.... 27
5 p. m 26
li p. ra :o
7 p. tu 25
8 p. m I 24
ie I.wal Record
1W. Hit,. lli. 114.
y.vt.r'Iii)- ....3S 64 49 40
,i,Mt jesternay si -s -u
lean tempt ratura 30 50 "8 30
wlpitatton T 00 00 00
Temperature nd precipitation departures
:rom the normal at Omaha since Morc-h 1:
N'ormal temperature 31
Uetteleney tvr the day 1
Totals deficiency- since March 1 177
N'ormal precipitation 03 inch
'efiiltncy for the day 03 inch
rota, rainfall since .March 1.. 21.36 inches
Hf"cienry sine Marc 1, 1917. ... 7.09 inches
' !f :deni:y for cor. perio, 1916. .12.38 Inches
lef.cieiu'v for cor. period, 1915.. 1.71 Inches
Report From Stations at ?. P. M.
Nation and Slate Temp. IllKh- Baln-
of Weather. 7 p.m. est. fall.
:iieynne. partly cloudy .... 34
Jcvenport. rloudy . . .
Jc tf floine. cloudy
i1o.l4i City, clear 30
Laniier. prtly cloudy .... 54
North TUitt''. idear 30
Omaha, t-loudy . -'
Puiblo, clear 40
rjj-Hd City, clouay
L. A. WELSH. Meteorologist.
..Hi) r -i!
ON U. S. TROOPS,
"" ': ' '- ' ; s .
Soldiers Immediately. Cros? Rio
.Grande, Kill 12 Bandits -A-
and; Set Fire to?-
Indio, Tex., Dec. 4. r('ia , Army
Telephone to Marfa, Tex.) Mexican
outlaws opeftfcd fire on, one of the
American cavalry patrols ' five miles
from f here late yesterday, wounding
Private Keist in the' thigh and leg.
The ' American troops stationed
here immediately, crossed tne river
into Mexico, opened fire on the little
settlement of shacks and killed 12
of the bandits, including Felipe Rom
ero . and Rafael Venaslado. The
shacks '. where the outlaws - sought
shelter, were burned after the occu
pants had been driven jtif
' Following the two fights" between
Mexican bandits and American bor
der cavalry troops" during the last
three days the entire Big Bend riv.r
front was in arms last night and
every, precaution-was taken to pre
vent further firing into American ter
ritory or bandit raids by the organ
ized force of outlaws uiider, Chico
Cano, ''who is said to be wanted both
in Mexico and the United States on
Colonel George T. Longhorne,
commander, of the Big Bend district,
was in personal command of the
troops along the Rio Grande last
night d again today. He has the
situation well. in hand, with reinforce
ments at his command sufficient , to
run duwn and annihilate any bandit
land which might attempt reprisals
following the killing of 35 of theii
number Saturday and 12 yesterday.
GENERAL HARRIES GETS
GENERAL GEORGE H, HARRIES
El Paso, Tex., Dec. 4. (Special
Telegram.) General - George H.
Harries, brigadier commander from
Nebraska, has been ordered to Co
lumbus, S. G, to assume command of
the One Hundred and Eighty-sixth
infantry brigade, Eighty-first division.
He will leave for bis new duty at
once, accompanied by his first -aide,
Lieutenant Warren G. Harries.
i 1 JF'-
RMANY MUST MAKE
' 'v ;- .' .
REPARATION SA YS PRESIDENT
TO DECLARE WAR
ON AUSTRIA NOW
Resolution Drafted by Interna
tional Experts of State De
partment May be Passed
by Friday Night.
President Wilsen yesterday asked
congress to declare war immediately
on Austria-Hungary, and congress, re
sponding with signs of approval, be
gan setting itself about the work.
The senate foreign relations com
mittee and the house foreign affairs
committee, which must deal with the
war resolution, were called to meet
The resolution,' drafted by the in
ternational 14w experts of the State
department, will be introduced, and,
leaders say, probably will be passed
by both houses of congress by Friday
The president did not recommend
declarations, of war with Turkey and
Bulgaria, Germany's other allies, at
Some members of congress, believ
ing they should be included, have an
nounced their intention of attempting
to so amend the war resolution.
Most administration leaders, how
ever, realize that the president may
have a diplomatic reason for not in
cluding Turkey and Bulgaria,' and the
,WUr resolution probably will pass as
the president wants it. "" .
' 'War-on Centrarowers.
Before a crowded hall of congress,
which included the officials of the
American, government and represent
atives of many foreign nations, the
president spoke , the words which he
said he considered necessary to the
successful prosecution ot .the war
against the central powers,
Even though Austria is the tool of
Germany and not her own mistress,
he said, it stands in the path of Amer
ica s part in the world struggle , tor
To the unselfish end that there shall
be no peace until Prussian military
autocracy is crushed and reparation
made for its wrongs, the president
pledged again all the resources and
power of the United States.
His attitud towards Italy's claims
for Italia Irridentia is believed to
have been expressed by a reference
to a previous address to c6ngress, in
which he declared all nations should
have free access to the sea. Today
he declared he was thinking of Aus
tria as well as all others.
To Fight to End.
Appealing to congress to devote
all its energies to the successful pros
ecution of the war, the president
closed his address by declaring anew
the determination of the United
States not to lay down the sword un
til a righteous peace is achieved.
Hoover Restricts Trading
In Provisions Futures
Chicago, Dec. 4. Restrictions' re
quired by the federal food adminis
tration on provisions trading were,
announced by the Board of Trade to
day, effective tomorrow.
Thefe must- be no manipulation of
provisions futures, which comprise
pork, ribs and lard. Six months is
the limit of futue contracts. Lard
and ribs must not fluctuate more
than 50 cents per hundred weight on
any one day, jior pork more than $1
in a day. ,
Cheese and canned salmoir were
added to the fair price list of the
Illinois branch of the national food
administration. Pink Alaska salmon
should cost the householder 19 to 23
cents a can, and the red variety 27
to 33 cents. A pound of American
full cream cheese should cost from
30 tc 39 cents.
Deny Increase in Live
Stock Rates in East
Washington, Dec. 4. Applications
for increased rates on live stock, in
less than carloads east of the Missis
sippi river were denied today by the
Interstate Commerce commission, but
permission was given to Jkt new
minimum weight rulings Jpnich would
result in small increas
lhe increases allojaed amount to
an average of 15 percent and apply
mainly to shipment of breeding ani
mals. The 'commission also ordered
eastern railroads to cancel proposed
rate providing charges on ordinary
live stock, dependant upon value.
Rabbis' Union Will Build
Huts for Jewish Soldiers
Harrisburg, Pa., Dec. 4. Repre
sentatives of the, Jewish Uniop of
Rabbis from all parts of the United
States and Canada meeting here last
night decided to erect huts in the war
zones of Europe. A fund will be
raised for the work. .The huts will
be used for worship for Uwish sol
diers. '' ... . '.
Never in Recent History ;Has
Occasion Arisen in Capital
Where Patriotism Reached
Such High Pitch.
Interests All Nations.
Washington, Dec. 4. The inter
national character of President
Wilson's address which was de
livered to congress at 12:30 o'clock
today is indicated by the fact that
the government already has placed1
it for simultaneous publication in
practically every capital in the
world. ' -
Although the address was not
entrusted in advance to 'American
newspapers or news distributing
associations, it already was placed
with the London office of Reuter's,
the principal European news dis
tributing agency, which in turn
was to supply others in Europe.
Indirectly, the address will get to
Berlin and the other central power
capitals. Its world-wide distribu
tion is also evidenced by the fact
that it will be available for publica
tion in China and Japan.
The fact that the government
also has taken steps to have the
document placed in the hands of
Ambassador Francis in Petrograd
is taken as an indication that the
president's address will deal also
with the situation in Russia.
"'The . secrecy which has been
thrown around the address pre
vailed up to the last moment, as
the text was not given to the news
papers until the president began
The president, it is understood,
practically finished the document
on last .Saturday. On that day the
document was taken to fhe govern
ment's great printing plant to be .
turned out, with' every precaution
By EDGAR SNYDER.
Washington, Dec. 4. (Special Tel
egram.) In jiearly a quarter of' a
century's residence in Washington as
The Fee's correspondent, I have wit
nessed 'many great legislative oc
casions, the declaration of war
against Spain, the determination to
build the Panama Canal, the crea
tion of the inter-state commerce com
mission, the declaration of war
against Germany, but none any
equaled in transcendent interest the
message which President Wilson de
livered to the people of the world
It as ascene unrivalled in my
20 odd years of newspaper experience
and it will be written about for
many, many years to conic as the
crowning, achievement in Woodrbw
Wilson's career. r
, Heights of Applause.
Never has the congress or the peo
ple risen to such heights of applause
as thev did when the-firesident closed
"his great state paper with '"the baud
Of God is laid upon the nations, he
will show them favor, I devoutly be
lieve, only if they rist to the clear
heights of his own justice and
"Justice and mercy," big as the
words arc, did not seem to he any
bigger than, the speech, which has
already been read invery capital of
the world and will be pondered over
by the ages to come.
The fighting phrases of the ad
dress were enthusiastically welcomed,
as, "but we intend to guarantee the
world's peace" and "a partnership of
people that will do it."
. The words fell like manna upon the
jammed galleries and when he came
to the. climax of his speech, "I shall
ask congress to declare the United
States in a state of war with Austria-Hungary,"
every man and woman
in the historic chamber rose, veiled
artd,applaudedf-every one but two or
three, and among them La toilette
and Vardaman. They sat s,ilent,' La
Follctte with his chin restiilg on his
left hand, gazing intently at the chief
executive of 100,000,000 and, may-hap,
wondering if some of. the president's
sharp, rapier-like sentences were in
tended for'him. '
An Epochal Occasion.
It was a never-to-be-forgotten oc
casion and the lighting blood of
America, seemed literally to run
throughout the chamber at the brave
words, "Weknow lhe. price of peace
and are willing to pay for it."
Senator Nor r is. when asked his
opinion as to the message, said that
e was glad tne president had de
clared war with Austria.
Representative Sloan, who returnedj
from Nebraska this morning, was on
tne noor in ample time to hear the
floor in ample time to
president s rmging message on the
"winning of the war.and madfe these
The president's recommendation
for a continued vigorous prosecution
tContimiAd oo !( tire. Column Two.)
CHIEF EXECUTIVE IN POWERFUL
MESSAGE DECLARES FOR WAR
ON AUSTRIA-HUNGARY AT ONCE
I v ' " 1 -'"- J
Germany Must' Make Full Reparation for Wrongs on Belgium and France, President
Tells Congress; .Peace Can Only Come When Prussian Military Autocracy
is Beaten Down and Rulers Named Whom World Can Trust; -Kaiser
Must Be Defeated.
Washington, Dec. 4.-Immediate declaration of war against Austria-Hungary
was recommended to congress today by President Wilson. .
The president did .not, howevery recommend a declaration of war against Tur
key and Bulgaria at this time. ,
Immediate war against Austria, the president told congress, was necessary to
meet the anomalous situation the United States faces yin its war with Germany,
even though Austria was not her own mistress and merely a vassal of Germany.
The same logic;, he said, would lead to war against Turkey and Bulgaria, buf
they do not yet, he said, stand in the path of the United States in its war against
P,. -.. . . , .
russian autocracy. . , ;s ..a.. :,, ,.,.:th':-
WAR - AGAINST AUSTRIA.
Immediate war against Au.itria,
even though she only be Germany's
vassal and not her own mistress, the
president declared, was necessary be
cause the central powers must be con
sidered as one and because the war
can be conducted successfully in no
other way. ' , v
Giving a plain warning, however,
that he would not hesitate to ask for
declaration of war on Turkey and
Bulgarian when he considered it
necessary, the president said:
"We shall go wherever the necessi
ties of this war carry us, but it seems
to be that' we should go only where
immediate and practical considera
tions lead us and not heed any
CRUSH PRUSSIAN AUTOCRACY.
Peace, thc-presidei.t told congress,
can come only when the Prussian
military autocracy is beaten down;
when the German people make peace
with the world through rulers the
world can truirt; when they make
reparation for the wrongs their pres
ent rulers have done stnd when the
enslaved people of Belgium, northern
France nd the Balkans have been set
Germany's declaration that it is
fighting a war of self-defense against
deliberate aggression, the president,
in ringing words, declared "wantonly
false," and he reiterated anew that
no one is threatening the existence of
the independence of the peaceful en
terprise of Germany.
Of those who speak of peace with
out the overthrow of German military
autocracy, the president declared:
I hear men debate peace who un
derstand neither its nature nor the
way in which we may attain it with
uplifted eyes and unbroken spirits.
But 1 know that none of these spe'aks
for the nation. They do not touch
the heart of anything. They may
safely be leVt to strut their uneasy
hour and be forgotten."
To Dominate World. '
Declaring anew that the United
States has no war on Germany's
skill. enterprise or commercial
achievements, the president declared
that the United States became Ger
many s enemy only when it started.
out to dominate the workl by force
of arms. Stating again the war. ob
jects of the UnitcStates and those
which he believed to be those of the
allies, the president declared:
"I believe that I speak for them
when I say two things: First, that
this intolerable thing df which the
masters of Germany have shown us
the ugly face, this menace of com
bined intrigue and force which we
now see so clearly as the German
power, a thing without conscience or
honor or capacity for covenanted
peace, must be crushed, and, if it be
not utterly brought to an end, at
least shut out from the friendly in
tercourse of the nations; and
"Second, that when this thing and
its power are indeed defeated and the
time conies that-we can discuss peace
when the German people have
spokesmen whose word we can believe
and when those spokesmen are ready
in the rtame, of their people to accept
the common judgment of the nations
as to what shall henceforth be the
bases of law and covenant for the life
of the world we shall be willin
and glad to pay The full price fc
glad to pay The full price for
peace and pay it ungrudgingly. We
know what that price will be. It will
be full, impartial justice justice done
at every point and to every nation
that the final settlement must effect,
our enemies as well as our friends."
The developments in Russia the
Peace Out of Question
'In ringing, definite terms, the
president declared that nothing
shall turn the United States aside
until the .war is won and Germany
is beaten. All talk of peace he pro-,
nounced out of the outstion.
Peacl, the president declared,'
could , come only when the Ger
man people make it through rulers
the world can trust; when they
make reparation for the destruc
tion their present rulers have
wrought and when Germany re.
"cedes from all the territory ac
quired by armed conquest.
president' dismissed in a few words.
"The Russian people have been
poisoned by the very same dark
falsehoods," he said, "that have kept
the German people in the dark, ami
the poisoiMias been administered by
the very same hands. The only pos
sible antidote is the truth. It cannot
be uttered tod plainly or too often."
A rcnninn ti vin r li J a raMn mmJ'i f irt
I for a declaration of war on Austria,
the president, in no uncertain terms,
told congress it must make adequate
provision to protect the. nation against
the alien enemies. It declared it
should create a "very definite and par
ticular control" over all persons enter
ing or leaving the United States.
Violations of the proclamations cov
ering enemy alien activity, he de
clared, should be punished by peniten
tiary sentences for women as well as
Among recommendations for leg
islation connected with the war the
president included more laws to con
trol profiteering. The law of supply
and demand, the president declared,
had been replaced by the "law of un
restrained selfishness." To congress
itself the president made a plea for
economy in government expenditures.
" The president dosed with an ap
peal to congress to devote its entire
energies to legislation for winning the
War and reiterated the disinterested
war policy of the United States, seek
ing only for the preservation of lih
"A supreme moment of history has
come," said the president in conclu
sion. "The eyes oh the people have
been opened and they see. The hand
of God is laid upon the nations. He
will show them favor, I devoutly be
lieve, only if they-rise to the clear
heights of His" own justice and
Just before the president began de
livering his address a resolution pro
posing a declaration of war against all
Germany's allies had been introduced
for Senator King of Utah by his col
league, Senator Pittman of Nevada.
Congress Approves Message.
Approval of President Wilson's i
recommendation of waV on Austra
Hungary was voiced by practically
every member of congress who com
mented upon it.
"It was the greatest the president
has ever, delivered," declared Chair
man Chamberlain, democrat, of the
senate military atfairs committee.
Senator Stone Absent.
' Chairman Stone of the' senate for
eign relations committee did not hear
the address, being at. the War depart
men on business, but announced his
approval. ' ,
Senafor Smoot, republican, said he
thought the president's discussion of
relations with Germany was "too
idealistic," but added: "From the rec
onimeudatiou of a state of war against
Austria.-Hungary 16 the end, if
an American message. ' . ;
"It was the ablest message ' Mr.
Yilaoii has, ever delivered,'; said Sen
ator Underwood, democrat. "It
sounded the keynote upon which wc
must win the war."
Acting Republican Leader GilletK
of the house and .other republicans
said they regretted the president die
tot include Turkey and Bulgaria.
' "I don't share the president's dis
tinction between Austria and Turkey
and Bulgaria," said Representative
Longworth, republican of Ohio. "I
think we ought to declare war against
all three." ' ;
Speaker Clark and Democratic
Leader Kitchin said they would not
discuss the message until they had
had time to read it carefully. ,
In Sympathy With the People.
"The recommendation for a decla
ration of war against Austria," said
Democratic Leader Martin of the sen
ate, "is in sympathy with the wishes
of a great majority of the American
people." , .
Declaration, of war on Austria
merely transmutes into official action
and international legal record, a con
dition in which the United States has
found itself since it went to. war with
Germany. s V
It changes the status of Austro
Hungarian affairs in the United
States very little other Ahr-i to in
clude all subjects of the dual empire
in the list of enemy aliens. , Austria
Hungary has - had no diplomatic or
consular relations with the United -States
since they were broken off at
the time of the diplomatic break with
Germany. ' ' . ;
Austrian Investments Conserved.
Austrian investments in the United
States will be conserved hi' the same
way German property is being cited
for through the alien property cus
todian. American use of Austrian
war-bound ships is legalized- by the.
declaration of war, although some of
them have been used heretofore and
the money for their use' will be paid
later: y - . .
Text of Wilson's
Message on Page. Two
Full text of the president's mes
sage to congress may be found on
Page Two. . . .
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