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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 3, 1917)
Phe Omaha": Daily
VOL. XLVII. NO. 144.
OMAHA, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 3, "1917.
tt.T.r,i!2tf IT.'-u. SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS
SLAV FIGHTERS HERE
ROUSE THEIR HEARERS
TO BELIEVE IN NATION
Real Voice of Russia Soon to Be Heard Is Declaration of
Commissioners from Eastern Land Now Torn
With Cruel Strife; Will Land-on
Side of Allies.
Russia will yet be a factor in the world war," was the
strong note of the speeches made Saturday at the Hotel Rome
by the members of the Russian commission who. appeared at the
mass meeting there, y
"Everyone must be prepared to hear the real voice of Rus
sia very soon,'tsaid A. Js Sack, member of the commission, who
told in a touching way of the sacrifices Russia has already
made, and the sacrifices its people are still prepared to make,
v4n though the Bolshevik! have
affairs in Petrograd.
VETERANS TELL OF FIGHT
"The real leaders in our country
are working hard, and will eventually
put a stop to the German intrigue
there," said Lieutenant Commander
Hwoschinsky, veteran of many fights,
and hero of a charge of a regiment i
3,500 strong in which he and 135
privates were all that survived.
It was Major . tanley Washburn,
the American correspondent, soldier
and diplomat, at the head of the party,
who told the story of the great fight
in 1915, in which Hwoschinsky's regi
ment was all but annihilated. The
400 people in the audience cheered and
cheered at this announcement, until
the Russian commander was'obliged
t.fTise and bow several times in ac
Make Great Sacrifices.
The tone of all the talks was that
the Russians have wonderful staying;
qualities, that they have made tne
enormous sacrifice of 8,000,00 lives
in this war, and that no American has
earned the right to criticise the people
of that great country in the present
temporary embarrassment and-crisis,
until this natiou has made some sacri
fices that will bring it to realize what
such, sacrifice mean.
' Ask U. S. to Aid.
At the close of the meeting. John
L. McCague, who presided, read a
reSOIUUOn -WHICH. WAS Uliauiniuuni;
adopted.- that the mass meeting in
Oniahr. urge the American goven
ment never to falter in its policy to
stand back of Rusaia in this hour of
need and give its all moral and ma
terial support consistent with the
icy of the nation.
lj Men Without Munitions.
ji'ajor Stanley Washburn made an
rarnpst and convincing talk on the
matter of Russian morale. "The
morale of an army," lie said, "never
rises higher than the capacity for
sacrifice at home. There is in Rus
sia today one of the ! great moral
forces of the world."
He pointed to the sublime acts'rf
heroism of the Russian peasant sol
diers in the early stages of the war
when they fought witnout nan or
even one-tenth enough munitions or
guns at times. This, he said; was
never fully understood . here. He
showed by facts and figures that the
onlv important retreats the Russsians
made before the Germans were always
made because they absolutely had no
3witions, though at times, he said,
ien they were out of ammunition
they charged the Germans with bay
onets in the face of terrible artillery
fire, and drove them temporarily back.
Major Washburn was iri Russia dur
ing the early stages and was present
at no less than 50 important cngag.
ments. . '
Betrayed at Base.
A. J. Sack, in his talk showed that
the Russians, due to the German in
trigue which had fastened itself upon
the country, had often been so short
of munitions that the armies were
sent into the field with but one rifle to
four men, while at times they had but
one rifle to 10 men. "Time after time,"
he said, "the soldiers in the rear had
to wait and watch until their comrades
in the front lines were killed so they
could rush out and get their guns to
Major-" Washburn confirmed these
statements and said, "Yet day after
day. following retreats these soldiers
(Continued on Page Two, Column Two.)
For Nebraska Unsettled; colder in
Temperature at Omaha Yesterday.
y a. in..... ji
jt 8 a. m 35
rt t a. in.'
a. . m 3J
t 9 a. m 35
T 10 a. m 36
)T 11 a. m 38
L J m 40
D 3 p. m 39
4 p. m 25
& C' 5 p. m 35
'&Vrr.- S p. ra 37
K P. m 37
('omnarative IOcal Record.
117. 1816. 19ir.. 1914.
Highest yesterday ..41 61 4S 43
Lowest yesterday ..31 3 :i ij
Mean temperature.... 37 44 34 34
Precipitation . 1 00 .00 .00 :00
Temperature and precipitation departures
from the rmnnal:
Norm! temperature 31
Ere-s the day
Total ielftcy since March 1 173
Normal vreclpitation 03 inch
Dofictenry for the day "3 inch
nvtt.l Mttnfall since March 1... .21.36 Inch's
Dotttspnry since March 1 7.0J Inches
DiJt "lancy (or cor. period. 11 13.33 Inches
p.F, .sjicjr tor cor. period, 1915. l.S incfrei
m. w r
temporarily seized control of
aii irr iiiitii
III I i v urn a II
WAR IS WON
Dukhonin, Wijh Other Anti
Peace Forces, Quietly Put
Ming Big Country on ,
Copenhagen, Dec. 2. A dispatch
from Haparanda, Sweden, to the Ber
linske Tidende here says that General
Kaledines, hetman of the Don Cos
sacks, has surrounded Rostov-on-Don
with his troops. Sections of the Bol
sheviki council are till staying in that
city." " '
General Kaledines has 10 Cossack
regiments of cavalry, 10,000 Cossack
infantrymen, nine batteries of field
cannon and 20 machine guns.
DUKHONIN BACKS WAR.
(By Associated Press.)
London, Dec. 2. Reassuring mes
sages from Russia to the effect that
no separate peace will be tolerated,
but that the armies under General
Dukhonin will fight on, have been
received by the Russian embassy in
Dr. J. O. Gavronsky, special com-
missioner ot the Kussian provisional
government, and N. W. Nordmann,
director of the department of eco
nomics in the ministry of foreign af
fairs, who are now in London, de
clared in a statement to the Associ
ated Press today that it was only a j
matter ot a tew weeks, perhaps
sooner, when the Bolsheviki will be
SOUTH RUSSIA FOR WAR.
The forces in south Russia, which
is overwhelmingly opposed to a sep
arate peace, control the supplies and
are working quietly but surely in the
The fact , that the embassy staffs
in London .re carryiirfc on . their
routine work with the Dukhonin
headquarters as well as with part of
the Russian navy, the same as usual,
is said by the embassy officials to in
dicate that there is no intention to
recognize the Petrograd usurpers.
Aaccording v to Gavronsky and
Nordmann, the situation is most deli
cate because of the ignorance of the
masses, therefore the forces which
are working to put Russia again on
its feet are doing so quietly. Dr.
"We are certain that Russia will
never quit the war until the allies are
victorious. Information we have re
ceived is to the effect that some more
army units may go over to the Bol
sheviki before the reaction sets in,
but there will be still many units
which will fight on. They may be
forced to retreat again and again un
til their brothers who are now quit
ting unaer false promises, realize that
a separate peace would mea the
ruin of Russia for all time.
Always a Russian Front.
"One thing sure, however, there
will always be a Russian front. A
question which may bear close con
sideration soon will be whether the
(Continued on Page Two, Column Two.)
Deadly Germ-Lacen Toy Balloons
Float From German Trenches
(By Associated Tress.)
Boston, Dec. 2. Stories of germ
laden balloons that floated across
the line from the German front were
related today y the members of a
party of 18 American volunteers in
the ambulance service who arrived in
thi country on Thanksgiving day
"Toy balloons are the favorite in
strument of .unofficial comniurffca- j
tion with the allies in the trenches !
when the Teutons have depressing
news to make known. It has been
discovered, however, it was said, that
the little red colored messengers frc
quently carry also deadly gernn in- j
tended to breed epidemics and now
no soldier is permitted to touch one
Parley Says German Commander of East
Front Received Party With Open Arms
Arrangements Made for Second
Meeting Within German Bor
der; Steps to-order Slav
Armies Out of War.
Petrograd, Thursday, Nov. 29. The
report of the representatives sent
through the German lines by Ensign
Krylcnko, the Bolsheviki commander-in-chief,
to begin negotiations for an
armistice, was given out tiere today.
It shows that the agreement to take
up the negotiations was made on be
half of the Germans by their commander-in-chief.
It was agreed that
the conference should be held Sunday,
Decembr 2, at German headquarters
in Brest-Litovsk. The text of the re
"We crossed the line, preceded by
a trumpeter carrying a white flag.
Three hundred yards from the Ger
man entanglements we were met by
German officers, our eyes blindfolded,
we were conducted to' a battalion
staff of the German army, where we
handed over our written authoriza
tion from the national commissaries
to two officers of the German general
staff, who had been sent for the pur
pose. The negotiations were conducted in
the Frencc language. Our proposal to
carry on negotiations for an armistice
on all fronts of belligerent countries,
in odr later to make peace, was im
mediately handed over to the staff of
the division, whence it was sent by
direct wire to the staff commander of
the eastern front and to the chief com
mander, o the German armies.
Taken to Ministers' House.
"At 6:30 o'clock we, were taken in
a motor car to the ministers' house
on the road from Dvinsk to Ponevy
ezh, where we were received by di
visional General Von Hoffmeister,
who informed us that our proposal
had been handed to the highest com
mander and that a reply probably
would be received in 24 hours.
'"But at 7:50 o'clock the first an
swer fron. the chief of the general
command- already had been received,
announcing agreement to our pro
posals .an$ leavin gthe .MtilXSlLlht
next 'meeting to General von Hoff
meister and the parliamentarians.
After an exchange of opinion and
further communication by wire from
the .chief of the -general command
at midnight were given by Von Hoff
meister a written answer to our pro
posals. The reply was:
Germany Wants Peace.
" 'The chief of the German eastern
front is prepared to enter into nego
tiations with the Russian chief com
mand. The chief of the German
eastern front is authorized by the
German commander-in-chief to carry
on negotiations for an armistice.
" 'The chief of the Russian armies
is requested to appoint a commission
with written authority to be sent to
the headquarters of the commander
of the German eastern front. On
side the German commander.
likewise, will name a commission
with special authorization.
"'The day and hour of the meet
ing are to be fixed by the Russian
commander-in-chief. It is demanded
that the German commander be
warned in due time to prepare a
special train for the purpose. Notice
must be given at which part it is
intended to cross the front. The
commander of the German eastern
front will place at the disposition of
the Russian commission the neces
sary apparatus so that it may keep
in communication with its chief com
mand. " 'Signed Von' Hoffmeister.'
Russians Fix the Time.
"The Russian parliamentarians de
cided fo appoint as the place of junc
tion of the Dvinsk-Vilna line, whence
the Russian representatives will be
conducted to the Brest-Litvosk head
quarters of the German commander.
The time appointed is midday of
November 19 Russian calendar), or
December 2 (new calendar). At the
same time we were informed that no
firing would occur unless prompted
and that enemy fraternization would
be stopped. We were blindfolded
again and conducted to our lines."
Ask Hammond to Talk.
fFrom a Staff Correspondent.)
Lincoln, Dec. 2. (Special.) The
State Council of Defense has invited
Ross L. Hammond to address the
people of Lincoln at a meeting to be
held soon in the city auditorium on
matters pertaining to the war wit
nessed in his recent trip to the battle
fields of France.
of these balloons until it has been
subjected to a careful examination by
a member of the medical corps
Wash the Soda Glasses
Five Minutes y Says Law
Sacramento, Cal., Dec. 2. Drink
ing cups and glasses used in res
taurants, at soda fountains and
other places must be washed five
minutes in boiling water containing
a 5 per cent solution . ' lye, ac
cording 3 regulations promulgated
today by the California State Board
of Health for the enforcement of
the law governing the sterilizing
of drinking utensils.
Where Germans Fight to
Check Byng's Cambrai Push
From a short distance east of
Mocuvres almost to La l'olic Wood,
Britsh and German infantry are
locked in a desperate hand-to-hand
struggle. The fighting is for the po
session of Bourlon Wood and vil
lage of Fontaine Notre Dame
Along this narrow front the tide
ASK 40 PER CENT
Request Answer by December
' 31 ; Urge Managers Consider
Reply, Jointly; Result of
(By Associated Frm.)
Cleveland, O., Dec. 2. Demands
were presented practically to every
railroad in the country today for in
creases in wages for trainmen and con
ductors, which Tre approximately 40
per cent higher than the present scale.
The general chairmen of the two
labor organizations presented the
wage schedule to the general man
agers of the railroads throughout the
country yesterday. The railroads are
asked to make answer to the demands
by December 31, at the latest.
The ; railroad managers are re
quested to enter into a collective
movement for the purpose of handling
the proposition at one and the same
time through a joint committee repre
senting all railroads concerned and
the. two labor organizations stand
ready to do likewise.
Joint Session Ahead.
It is expected the railroad man
agers and the representatives of the
employes will meet in joint session
in about two weeks, probably in the
east, in an effort to reach an agree
ment on the wage question.
Today's demand for increased
wages is the result of a referendum
vote taken by the two labor organi
zations following the approval of the
proposition by executive committees
of several associations v representing
the two organizations which met in
Chicago on November 1, to 4, inclu
sive. The new wage schedule is signed by
W. G. Lee, president of the Brother
hood of Railroad Trainmen, and A. B.
Garretson, president of the Order of
Railway Conductors. A request that
an answer to the proposal be made in
writing to the general chairman of
the labor organizations on or before
December 31, 1917, accompanies the
Article A of the schedule refers to
passenger service as follows:
Rates for Conductors.
Rates to be paid employes on steam
trains or upon trains propelled by
other locomotive power, on runs of
155 miles or less per day: Conductors
not -less than 3.5 cents per mile, $5.43
per day or $162.90 per month.
Tickets collectors, not less than 3
cents per mile, $4.65 per day, or
$139.50 per month.
Baggage electricians, not less than
2.9 cents per mile, $4,50 per day, or
$135 per month.
Baggagemen, rot less than 2.5 cents
(Continued on Pago Two, Column One.)
Reported hi U. S.
Washington, Dec. 2. Two hun
dred and six men with millionaire
incomes 10 of them with annual
incomes of more than $5,(1)0,000
and 196 with incomes ranging from
$1,000,000 to $5,000,000 are shown
in the income tax figures of the in
ternal revenue bureau for the fiscal
The number reporting incomes
between $3,000 and $4,000 was 85,
122; between $4,000 and $5,000, 72,
027; between $5,000 and $10,000,
150,551; between $10,000 and $15,000,
45,305; between $15,000 and $50,000,
59,311; between $50,000 and $100,
000, 10,452; between $100,000 and
$ 1 50,000, 2,900 ; between $ 1 50,000 and
$200,000, 1,284, and between $200,
000 and $1,000,000, 2,238.
of battle surges back and forth as
each side brings up fresh reserves.
Furious German assaults drove the
British from Bourlon village. In
that direction ,as indicated by the
arrows, General Byng lias atttmpted
an encircling movement, with Cam
brai as his ultimate objective.
A PAPAL PEACE
Secret Agreement Bared by
Bolsheviki Discloses Romans
to Be Awarded Territory in -Final
(By Associated PrM.)
Tctrograd, Dec. 2. The text of a
secret agreement among France,
Great Britain and Russia and Italy
has been published here by the Bol
sheviki government. The agreement
gives Italy sanction to annex certain
territory in return for entering the
entente alliance and embraces the in
admissibility of the intervention' of
Pope Benedict with a view to stop
ping the war.
The drtcunient was signed in Lon
don, April 26, 1915, by Viscount Grey,
former foreign secretary, Paul Cam
bon, French ambassador to Great
Britain and Count Benckendorff, the
Russian ambassador to Great Britain.
It contains a memorandum from the
Italian ambassador at London to the
foreign office and the allied ambas
sadors. To Destroy Austrian, Navy.
Italy was to have the assistance of
the French and British naval forces
until the 'Austrian naval force was de
stroyed. After peace, Italy was to re
ceive the Trentino. thp southprn Tv.
rol to the Brenner Pass, Triest, Istria
and lJalmatia, with additional geo
graphical boundaries outlined in 'great
Italy was to govern the foreign re
lationships of Albania in the event
that that country became an auton
omous government, but Italy was
not to oppose objections if it were de
cided to apportion parts of Albania
to Montenegro, Serbia -and Grece.
Rights in Lybia.
The aereenipnt surmnrtpd Ttalv'a
contention in the principle of the bal
ance ot naval power in the Mediter
ranean Sea, subject to future defini
tion. Italy was' to have rights in
Lybia enjoyed by the sultan on the
basis of the Lauheanne treaty. Italy
agreed to the proposed independent
Mussulman sacred places in Arabia.
In the event of France and Great
Britain increasing their holdings in
Africa at the expense of Germany,
Italy was to have the right to increase
its holdings. Great Britain was to
facilitate the caust of Italy in bor
rowing 50,000,000 in the - British
Combine Against Pope.
France, Great Britain and Russia
the papal influence from ending the
war and in regulating questions con
cerning the. war. ItJly'SVo-opcration
was to begin one mmith after the
ratification of the agreement. ',
A dispatch from London November
were to support Italy in preventing
30, quoting a, belated Petrograd ad
vice, said that Italy also was tp have
certain islands in the Grecian archi
pelago and territory in Asia Minor,
as conditions to its entrance into the
Orva Williams' Body Sent
To Old North Platte Home
Camp Cody, N. M., Dec. 2. (Speyj
cial lelegram.) Ihe body of Private
Orva C. Williams, Confpany E, 134th
Infantry, Fifth Nebraska,. who died
in the base hospital here after an op
eration for abscess on the brain, was
sent to the former home of the sol
dier at North Platte, Neb., for in
terment. His willow, under the new war risk
insurance act, will be paid $25 a month
for 20 years and $20 additional com
pensation during her lifetime, or until
she might remarry.
GERMAN AD VANCE
WILTS AS HAIG'S
MEN STRIKE BACK
Temporary Teuton Successes Pale Before Stout Counter
x Attacks of British; Foe Buffers Complete Reverse
in Northern Push ; Captured Orders Show
Big Offensive Carefully Planned.
(By Assorlatrd Pr.) '
British Headquarters in France, Dec. 1. Field Marshal
Haig't troops yesterday were continuing their counter attacks
against the German forces, who Friday penetrated the Brit
ish defenses in the Gonnelieu sector and who pushed a con
siderable salient into the British territory. Desperate fighting
was proceeding about Gonnelien this morning.
ME NOW BUSY
If! MISS AIM
Turn Out Expert Teuton Paci
fist Propagandists in Schools
Established for That Ex-
(Bjr Associated Frrss.)
Washington Dec. 2. While nego
tiating with the Bolsheviki regime for
an armistice and a separate peace,
German military authorities have .re
newed their campaign to disorganize
the Russian army and inoculate the
soldiers with .German, doctrine.
Cable advices today said schools
have been organized in all the German
divisions on the eastern front fof 'the
training of men to be sent out among
the Russians. Three noncommissioned
officers" and six privates are drawn
from each division. They are chosen
with special reference to their know
ledge of the Russian and Polish lan
guages and arc instructed regarding
political conditions in Russia, lines of
communication in that country and
other facts that might be of value to
them in prosecuting their work.
In some quarters this campaign was
interpreted as designed to win over
the soldiers and thus strengthen the
Teutons in their demands for favor
able peace terms. There were those,!
however, who saw in the German
move a not overly optimistic view of
the success of the peace negotiations
and a desire to t.-fke advantage of the
present situation to so disorganize the
Russian army as to eliminate it as a
further menace during the war.
, Officials today continued their pol
icy of withholding comment on the
Russian situation. The negotiations
between the Bolsheviki and Berlin and
Vienna were 'watched with interest,
however, as they might serve to re
veal, in part at least, the Teutonic as
pirations, so far carefully veiled by
conflicting statements of German of
ficials. DISCOVER GUNS
AND CLOTHES OF
Osceola, N'eb., Dec. 2.-r(Special
Telegram.) Sheriff Potter of Osceo
la, accompanied by a number of citi
zens of the county, started in this
morning fdr a thorough search of the
Platte river bluffs to see if they could
find the trunk, and other personal
effects which had been left by Louis
Chobar after his escape after the mur
der of A. A. Blender f Wednesday
After going over much of the
ground, the sheriff, who was accom
panied by Alfred Forss, the man who
had first reported seeing Chobar after
the crime, discovered the entire per
sonal effects of Chobar and those ar
ticles which had been stolen from
Blender subsequent to committing the
The trunk was found in a ravine
about 200 yards from where the auto
had been abandoned. With the trunk
was a rifle, a 32 caliber revolver, a
lanjlern, fur ovcrcoaand fur robe, to
gether with two or three buckets or
The revolver had four cartridges
and one shell which had been explod
ed. It is now almost certain that it
was the gun that was used in killing
The revolver was found only a few
feet away, hidden in the forks of a
The sheriff brought all of the prop
erty to Osceola where it will be held
awaiting the arrival of the York coun-
Bread at 9 Cents in
.Chicago, Dec. 2. The pric of
unwrapped bread in Chicago will
be reduced 1 cent starting Monday,
according to an announcement to
night by wholesale bakers. A pound
loaf of bread will cost 7 cents
wholesale, and it is expected that
a corresponding reduction by retail
ers will make the cost to the con
sumer 9 cents,
V PUSH GERMANS BACK.
At an early hour of the forenoon
the Germans had been pushed back
over a considerable amount of ground
which they overran yesterday.
Gouzeaucourt, which the enemy held
five hours and which represented their
extreme advance, was cleared a little
after 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon
and later the British operations re
sulted in the Germans being pushed
back from Quentin ridge to the east
of Gouzeaucourt and from Guache
wood, which lies west of Villers
Guislain' ATTACK NOT RENEWED.
A little further north in the La
Vacqueric section the Germans had
been forced, to fall back. .
Thus far the Germans have not
renewed their attack, , either in the
Gonncclure region or at the scene
of their disastrous failure yesterday,
alongr the line from Mocuvres and
around Bourlon wood to a point near
Cantaing. Howevevit was known
that they brought up heavy reinforce
ments for yesterday's offensive and
the further attempt on their part to
oust the British from the newly won
territory in th$ Cambrai sector were
not unexpected. ) .
Complete . TeuJm Reverse.
The GcVmans in their northern at
tack met complete" reverse at the
hands of the counter attacking Brit
ish and the enemy suffered exceed
ingly heavy losses both in killed and
wounded. This attack extended from
a point just west of Moeuvrcs and
the Bourlon wood and thence down
tothe region of Cantaing.
Planned Crushing Blow.
, London, Dec. 2. The official re
port from headquarters' in France to
"Reports from various sectors on
the Cambrai battle front, together
with captured orders and objective
maps, enable the following account
to fce given of the battle, which began
"The enemy's intention, was to de-'
liver simultaneous encircling attacks
with a large number of divisions and
drive our troops from the important
positions we had gained November 28.
The following order was issued on
November 29 by General von Der
morwitz, commanding ' the Second
Appeal to Soldiers.
'"Soldiers of the Second Army:
The English, by throwing into the
fight countless tanks on November
20, gained victory near Cambrai.
Their intention was to break through,
but they did not succeed in doing so.
thanks to the brilliant resistance of
our troops, 'who were put into the
line to check their advance. We are
going to turn their embryonic victory
into defeat by an encircling counter
attack. The fatherland is watching
you and expects every man to do
"Owing to the magnificent defense
and stubborn resistance of our troops
the enemy's object has been defeat
ed. From Vendhuile in the south fo a
point two kilometers west of Moeu
vres, in the north, the enemy ad
vanced in masses in an endeavor to
break through our defenses by weight
of numbers. From Masnieres north
ward our positions are intact and very
severe losses were inflicted on the
hostile masses by artillery, rifle and
machine gun fire. '
Temporary German Success.
"In places where the enemy tempo
rarily broke through he was caught
by the point blank fire of our field .
artillery and driven back by im
mediate counter attacks. South of Cre
Veco, the enemy suceeded in forcing
its way into our lines on a consider
able front, capturing a number of
prisoners and in places reaching our
"Our reserve troops in the counter
attack, recaptured a great part of the
ground taken by the enemy and have
today retaken the village of Gonne
lieu and the St. Quentin spur, south of
Prisoners and Guns.
"In these operations we have taken
several hundred prisoners and many
ni"h.n. guns, in addition to inflicting
heavy losses on the enemy.
"This afternoon the enemy repeated
its attacks on our positions in the
neighborhood of Masnieies, Marco
ing, Fontaine Notredame, Bourlon
and Moeuvrcs, and so far as reports
hitherto show, he has been complete
ly repulsed. ,
"The number of German prisoners
taken in November was 11,551, in
cluding 214 officers. In the same per
iod we have taken 138 guns, including
40 heavy guns and also 303 machine
guns, 64 trench mortars, besides great
quantities ot engiueemig stores,
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