Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 01, 1917, Image 1

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PAGES 1 TO 10 1 -
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head of War Council of National Relief Organization De
tails Some of Work Being Perfected by Society
Which He Direct; BelievesRussians
Still on Allies' Side.
''We are going to win this war, but wc must get our feet
a little firmer on the ground, our houlders back a little more
and take a few more hitches in our belt, and then we will say,
'If that is the hill, we are going over it, and a little discourage
ment won't stop us.' " asserted Henry P. Davison, chairman of
the war council of the American Red Cross society, addressing
an audience in Brandeis' theater Friday afternoon.
nuts t tppi nif SERVICE. Q-
. -
mr. Davison was introduced by
H. H. Baldrige, an Omaha friend, who
referred to the distinguished visitor
as a "notable example of a man who is
giving his life to "service and sacri
fice for his country."
"I would like to think of the Red
Cross, not as larger nor smaller than
any other organization, but as repre
senting the ' mobilized spirit of ", the
American people," Mr. Davison said
in continuing his address. "Thework
of the Red Cross is to make every
possible provision for every possible
emergency among our soldiers and
"Some may wonder why the govern
ment does not do this work, to which
inquiry it may be said that it is not
poetical. If I were given the alterna
timv of carrying on the Red Cross
work wVh a , government check for
$500,000,000 on one hand, or a theck
for $100,000,000, plus the good., will of
the women of the United States, I
would accept the latter. ' '
"In this work we are saving -the
lives of even the boys of Omaha and
we are helping to shorten tne war,
By helping the French people, we are
helping our own cause, aney werei "vvny tne unitea oiaies- siwu.u u -,
. - (nr ns In, unr nnnn itnpr Tnrkev or bul
e we became involved m the war.
"If the French line Mould breakviwho know anytning. or tne miprnai
hn Dmitri fill the trad
! gad; rersning s -
irAiv nrpnared or unoreoared.
When we were able to locate Rus
sia, we sent a Red" Crbss commission
there. Russians are a people in the
position of the'boss being away, and
they are riding around in the cars. I
don't believe that the mai lives who
can put Russia, out of the war, or in
it I don't think Russia is an even
break for the kaiser,- butyl believe It
k still on our side. . ''.. ':
!Vl'he work of -the Red Cross is
bound to havi its influence on the
character of peace that will be made.
- "This is the hour, of service in
which to back up the boys at the
front. Noiie now living wiIToutlive
the effects of this war. In the social
circles that will be formed in the
days to comej what will the person
have to say who has not helped in
this hour?" ;
Americans Improve Morale.
Henry J. Allen, Wichita, affirmed
that the French morale has improved
since the advent of-Americans on the
, western front and he said he spoke
from personal observations. " . '
"By March we . will have 500,000
soldiers over there. England is pour
ing 40,000 fresh troops into France
ery week, and, man for man, I
tfclieve they are better than Germany
ever had. The American-army will
give the highest and best expression
of soldiery the world has ever seen,'
6aid Mr. Allen. . '
The Kansas man said that the Red
Cross is helping 15,000 French Chil
dren of less than 7 years of age, who
are along the battle front. He told
of 200,000 . women in Italy building
4,000 miles of automobile roads in
tone and a half years..- t .
"We want every woman in Omaha
to join the Red Cross and get the
spirit of devotional sacrifice. Take
the job you are asked to do. Whether
in Omaha, or in France, the time has
come, not to hold controversy with
yourself, .but to stand shoulder to
( shoulder and win the war." ,
Ivy Lee of Red Cross headquarters
offered statistical information inj
which he stated .that the .average
yearly pay of all classes of Red Cross
workers is $300 a year. He estimated
ibe work being done by the women
" cf the .country as worth $100,000,000
a year, if it would be paid for at the
usual rates of compensation.
Bishop Stuntz offered prayer and
O. T. Eastman led community sing
ing. - ' '
: The Weather
' t Fof Nebraska Partly cloudy.
Temperatures at Omaha Yesterday.
t p. m 40
T p. m 40
p. m. .......... 31
omporntlTe Iaral Reord.
- ' 117. 1S1. 1915. 114.
Htfchest jesttnlay .. 41 , hi . . 2 49
I. Jktst yesterday .. ' 32 , 2 . 24 43
llftn temperature
.00 43
, precipitation
reclpitation 00 .00 .00 .02
Temperature and precipitation departuree j
nm th. nnrmirf : I
" from
formal temperature
jlitceee for toe iy
Vr222Z.EZr ."-.7".
total defioleney elnee March 1 HI
. i a. WELSfi. iietMjreieiiit.
Hour. Desr.
VpSpeTI 5 1 :;:::::::: n
.JL ra S5
SSyvtSgC 1 . m....i 35
LtO ifSii 1 m 41
C 4Y' )03 J 9- m
El Jx?(lf' S p. m '41
ggfeSgK 4 j. ra 41
'S-JfrffiZ'- 5 p. m 40
Dr. Strong Declares Turks Cry
Out Against German Rule;
Incline to Be Friendly
To America.
. - (By Associated Press.) ,
Boston, Nov. 30. The ' Turks are
heartily tired of German rule, 'and
a declaration of war .by the : United
States against -Turkey now will be
playing into. the hands of the Berlin
officials, in the opinion of .Dr. Wil
liam E. Strong, editorial secretary
of the American board of commission-
' ers for foreign missions, n . .
gana is incomprehensible to those
situation ot tnose two countries, wv.
a statement issued by Dr. Mrong to
night. "Both of the countries are as
much under the control of Germany
as are Belgium and Poland.
. Tired of Germany. .
"Those who .have come out of
Turkey during the last few months
give only one testimony, and -that is
to the, effect that Turkey: is heartily
tired of the domination of Germany.
Even the leaders recognize that they
went into this war not for any possi
ble gain to Turkey, but with every op
portunity of losing everything.
"It would be cruel to make an at
tack upon a people who hate the al
liance with Germany and who would
gladly "break that alliance if they bad
the power to do so. A declaration of
war today on the part of the United
States would lead to a new attack
under German direction upon the non
Moslemvpopulation of Turkey, whose
elimination from Asia Minor is one
of the manifest policies of Germany
Friendly to United States.
"We know that Bulgarian and Turk
ish officials are increasingly friendly
toward the United States, as they5 be
come dissatisfied and even hostile to
German rule. This is a tendency to
be encouraged rather than discour
aged. '
, "The sending of Bernstorff to Con
stantinople was with the idea of turn
ing Turkey against the United States.
In the face of the rising tide of Ger
man opposition in Turkey, he will
probably be unable to do so unless
the United States, by a declaration of
war, plays into his hands and into
the hands of the Berlin officials."
Sue to Compel Sorensen .
,To Make Good on Trade
Herman C. Peters and Fred G:
Delfs have filed suit in court to com
pel Charles C. Sorensen to deliver to
Delfs, the Harney hotel, . of which
Sorensen is proprietor, and to speci
fically perform an agreement to pur
chase Chase county land from ePters,
valued at &31.300 on which tkj trans
fer of the hotel was to have been part
Peters and Delfs allege a written
agreement between themselves and
Sorensen was signed Octobr 30, le917,
providing that the hotel with its ilease
and fixtures should be accepted as a
payment of $12,000 and a mortgage
would-be, taken xn. the land tor the
balance. They allege that Sorensen
has failed to perform his part of the
contract and ask that he be compelled
to do so. '
Wife of Poet Comes to Attend ?
Funeral of Man Who Killed Self
' John T. Oyler, who killed Himself
last Tuesday morning, was buried
this. -afternoon in West Lawn ceme
tery, near the scene of the tragedy
and by the side of two of his children
who died in Omaha a year ago. '
Mrs. Mamie Oyler is here- from
Chicago to attend the funeral of her
husband, her rief be -g intensified
because four children are quarantined
flt linm rn ' nrrnnnr nf uhnnnino
COUSr, TUe vountrest is
cou8"- f c youngest is
Ot age. r
seven months
My husband leu Chicago
medical treatment here, which is his
. ''lrV.
i legal residence. Last June hc-wasj
- When Star Meets Star ' x
-. ., f ... . . . . i
Washington Withholds Hasty Condemnation of Bolshevi
ki for Fear of Antagonizing Radical Pace Party ; '
IireconcilablelDiffCTences Between SIa.v'
and 'Germans May Yet SaVe Day.' 1 '
(By AlBOClated fress.)
Washington, Nov. 30. Realization of the danger. of cau
ing a reaction in Kussia favorable to tne central powers oy in
tervention in the" political affairs of the new. " democracy, has
caused administration officials here to sound a note of warning
against hasty condemnation o f the Bolsheviki.
v W W aaa
Back of what is described as a tol
erant policy in dealiag with Russia
apparently not only is a purpose to
demonstrate faith in - the ultimate
stablization of the democracy, but a
faint hope that the-extremist faction
which is for the moment in control
of the government will, refrain from
violating Russia's treaty pledges to
the entente allies and make a separate
So long as there is a possibility
that these overtures will fail because
of the apparently, irreconcilable dif
ferences . between - the. Bolsheviki'
peace scheme founded, on "no an
nexations and no indemnities," and
Xht German demands for compensa
tion and ' adequate safeguards for. the
future," it-i sregarded as bad policy
to exert any pressure from the out
side at this stage; To do so, it is
believed, would only tend ,to cause
resentment in Russia and to solidify
the star elements -around the Petro
grad regime. . - , -
Conference to Meet Situation. ,
An additional reason for. maintain
ing an attitude of watchfulness and
resreve in Washington, is found irri
the fact that to meet just Such, a sit
uation as is developing in Russia is
one of the purposes of the inter-allied
conferences assembled , in ', Paris,
There are intimations that sugges
tions have reached Washington from
the French capital that it would be
wise. to avoid adverse criticisms here
of the Russian tangle leaving the
commissioners gatheringin Paris to
deal, with it at this stage at-least.
It is even possible, that in pursu
ance of the idea that by moral
suasion Russia can be prevented from
going to trje extreme of making a
separate peace, some of the entente
powers may decide to Wake some
sort of acknowledgment of the xe-
(Contlnned on Fas Slxteea, .Column Three.)
struck by. an automobile in Chicago
and since then he suffered mental de
rangement. He tried to work' at his
printing trade, but could not hold his
own. He became discouraged," said
Mrs. Oyler. ,
Mr.' Oyler rode to Omaha .on a
stock pass and had 50 "cents when he
arrived. He visited Thirtieth and
Franklin streets, his former neighbor
hood. He-lived at 3003 Franklin street
until he went to Chicago last May. .
He was 46 years of age and lived at
Winchester, Ind.," before he moved
west. During his brief .residence-in
Chicago his poems brought a page
write up in pne-pf the newspapers, -
Foreign Minister 'Czerhifi Sends
Official Reply Favoring Ne
gotiations for Armistice -
and General Peace.
',.'. i 1 .
Amsterdam, Nov. 30. The Austrp
Hungarian government, according (to
a dispatch from Vienna, has sent an
official J reply accepting the Russian
government's wireless proposal to en
ter into negotiations, for an armistice
and a general peace treaty. , .
The reply was sent yesterday,
signed by Czernin, foreign minister,
and is as. follows: , . .
' "The guiding principles announced
by the Russian, government for nego
tiations for an armistice and a peace
treaty, counter proposals to.whicli.are
awaited by the Russian government,
are, in the opinion of the Austro
Hungarian government, .a- suitable
basis for entering uoon these nego
tiations. The Austro-Hungarian gov
ernment, therefore, declares that it is
ready to enter' upon negotiations as
proposed by the Russian' government
regarding an immediate armistice and
a general peace."
. May Affect American Plans. .
Washington, Nov. -30. Austria's
decision to line up with Germany in
opening, peace negotiations with the
Russian Bolsheviki -. may possibly
have some effect on the administra
tion's disinclination toward a declara
tion of war on the dual monarchy.
Administration senators gathering
for the coming session i of congress
have found on conference with the
executive branch of the government
that there is no disposition to ask
congress to make another war declar
ation at this time. They found the
hope of breaking up the central power
alliance had not been entirely aban
doned. Russo-German Meeting Sunday.
London, Nov. 30. The Russian en
voys sent to treat witff the Germans,
according to a Reuter dispatch from
Petrograd(have telegraphed the Bol
sheviki leaders that the. Russo-Ge-man
plenipotentiaries will meet Sun
day noon at the . crossing of tne
Dvinsk-Vilna railroad, west of the
village of Kukharishky, between the
opposing military lines. Thence they
will travel by special train to Ger
man headquarters at Brest-Litoysk.
Extensive Troop Movement
Has Been Accomplished With
out Loss and National Army
(llr Aanoetated Frrsi.V
With the 'American Army in
France, Thursday, Nov. 29. National
Guardsmen from every state in the
union have arrived in France, it is to
day permitted to be announced. They
are among the troops now training or
lately arrived.
While it is not permitted to dis
close the identity of units, it may be
said that all those which sailed from
the United States have arrived safely
and that some already are in training
within sound of the guns on the bat
tle fronts.
They are showing a spirit in keep
ing with the purpose of all concerned
to make the American expeditionary
force a homogeneous American army,
iu which each division, whether regu
lar, national guard or national army,
cannot be distinguished in efficiency
from the others. .
The former state troops are billeted
over a wide area and are pronounced
excellent soldiers.
Wore French Cockade. '
The troops from the various states
have been recognized by the French
population and have been welcomed
enthusiastically. Many of the units
on arriving in billet towns wore the
French red. white and blue cockade
pinned to tlieir campaign hats. These
were given to the soldiers when they
landed at base ports. '
During the last few days one unit
has been working with grenades and
automatic - rifles, , while another has
been working out military' problems
in maneuvers. Another unit has been
in the instruction trenches, which
briiiK them as near 'possible ,Jto
actual fighting conditions ..T.hey are
all being given the same course of
instructions, as-. the. first contingtrets
of regulars have undergone
Announcement of the arrival in
France of the first National Guard
unit gives the first official notice that
an extensive troop movement has
been accomplished despite hostile
submarines, shortage of. troop and
supply fcbips and other obstacles, but
without ' the ..loss of a .man. Thou
sands of men have been moved to
the seaboard f rem all parts of the
country, loaded on transports' and
safely landed in France without any
general knowledge of the facts hav
ing been disclosed t the country at
large. ' . '
War department officials were grat
ified at General Pershing's decision to
announce the arrival of the National
Guard forces, but permission to pub
lish the designations of the guard
units now at thetraining centers in
France still is withheld. Unless Gen
eral Pershing sees fit to release the
information there is no present pros
pect of its publication.
Large Movement in Prospect. .
It can be stated, however! that the
brief dispatch of today covers a large
movement that has been in progress
for several weeks. The next fctagc
will be actual occupation of ijront line
Guard units to be sent later will be
more sectional in character, the
grouping of - the old divisional or-
(Continued on rage Two, Column Two.)
Former Plattsmouth Man
Dies in Arizona Miner's Cabin
Plattsmouth, Neb., Nov. 30. (Spe
cial.) A telegram was received here
this morning telling of the funding of
the body of Dennis McHugh, in a
miner's cabin at Cloride, Ariz.. '
Dennis McHugh, leaves a widow at
Falls City, a son, Jerry McHugh,
merchant at Murdock, and two sons
and a daughter at Falls City, and a
daughter, Mrs. Thomas Walling. Mr.
McHugh was 64 years of age. He
was born in Illinois. Ik was a Mason
and an Odd Fellow. The body will
be brought here for interment.
James T. Hayes, Prominent
Base Ball Man, Disappears
Davenport, la., Nov. 30. James T.
Hayes, for several years vice-president
of the Three I league and secretary-treasurer
of the Davenport
Blue Sox, is being sought by his rela
tives and the police following his mys
terious disappearance from home last
Tuesday afternoon. Mr. Hayes is a
nationally-known . figure in minor
league base ball affairs.
Author of "Arabella and
Araminta" Stories Is Dead
Brookline, Mass., Nov. 30. Ger
trude Smith, author of many books
for children and best remembered for
her "Arabella and Araminta" stories,
published more than 20 years ago,
died at a hospital here yesterday.
Miss Smith was bom at Coloma, Cal.;
and had lived in this state since her
school days.
Red Cross Calls for
16 Women Chauffeurs
New York, Nov. 29. A call for
16 women chauffeurs to drive motor
trucks and ambulances in this city
was sen', out tonight by the Na
tional League for Women's Service.
The trucks are used to transport
Red Cross supplies from work
rooms to warehouses and ships,
. ' ' ' ' ' -
Begin Inspection at' Once on Great River Battle Line;
v Their Advent is Hailed with Joy by Allies nd
is Regarded as Significant of Com
ing Events.
Italian Army Headquarters in Italy, Thursday, Nov. 29.;
A number of American officers of the United States army, with
Brigadier General George H. Scriven, have arrived at the Ital
ian front. '
General Scriven is detailed to make a careful and thorough
study of the entire situation and will inspect the whole battle
line along the Piave river, on the Asiago plateau and in the ex
treme west, reporting to the War department at an early date.
perman Artillery Jore Up Their
Track, But American Energy
Quickly Replaces it in
Spite of Shells.
(By AioolatMl PrfM.)
British Army Headquarters in
France Monday, Nov. 26,American
engineers, thc first American troops
to be. engagtfd in military operations
on the British front, took a promi
nent part hi the breaking of the Hut-
oeuourg 'line py ucnerai rsyng last
wreck. lilifary necessity has made it
impossible to .Jspeak ,f their presence
before, but it is now possible !to in
form the people of the United Mates
that engineers of the American army
had a large part in pushing; up the
vital railways behind the advancing
British soldiers. V ? ( ' (
As a matter of fact, the American
engineers have been laboring on the
roads through1 the devastated battle
fields of the Somme district for nearly
four months and two of their men,
who were wounded, were the first
American' casualties announced from
) Astonish the British.
Tlie speed with which the lines have
been laid up through the broken Hin
denburg defenses during the past
week has called forth the highest
praise frfrm the British authorities.
The Americans have been working in
shifts 24 hours a day and no such
amount of track has been laid in this
region in so short a time before. The
manner in which they stood up under
the Btrain has ,, led to their being
dubbed the "force of American ath
letes." For these untiring soldiers
are today as fit and as willing as they'
were before the battle began.
Naturally the Americans have for
long' time been working under the
range of enemy artillery and more
than once they have come under
heavy "shell fire. One of the, most
striking .sights along the front has
been that of the -engineers laboring
coolly at their tracks with great shells
bursting 100 yards away.
German Guns Don't Stop Them.
' At one time the Germans cut loose
with 'their guns on a section of 'the
tracks and tore up three miles of rails
which had been laid with much labor,
but they scarcely had finished this
(Continued on Page Two, Column One.)
Cannon Predicts Prompt Action
And Adequate Appropriations
Washington, Nov, 30. Prompt and
adequate appropriation by congress
for further .prosecution of the war
were predicted . today by former
Speaker Cannon upon his return for
the new session.
"Sentiment as far as I can observe,"
he said, "is for a vigorous prosecu
tion of the war, to bring it to a suc
cessful end as early as possible. The
financial needs will be' great, both of
ourselves and our allies. Of course,
we can't provide for the whole shoot
ing match, but congress wilr respond
adequately to the needs of the situ
ation. ' ' "
"I de not know the status of diplo
matic affairs, but if the president
should recommend declarations of war
against Germany's allies I have no
doubt that they would be immediately
Rescuers Unable to Reach
18 Men Entombed in Mine
' Christopher, ' 111,,' Nov. ' 30. Res
cuers have been. unable to enter the
Old Ben mine to search for the 18
men entombed by yesterday's explo
sion. A second explosion was heard
within the mine at 3 o'clock this
morning. ' It is thought that the 18
men are, dead ......
U. S. Government Postpones
, . Closing, ot Contracts
contracts by which the government
i - : t t r ..i.
silver produced in the country within
the lext. year for monetary use of it-
sen auu iiiv antes nave uccu pusb
poned until western silver producers
can confer- with, treasury pfficials.
Italian commander and his staff and
their arrival is regarded as highly
satisfactory and significant of coming
events.'. Up to the present the Amer
ican government has required military
and naval observers to remain com- '
paratively inactive in Italy so as not
to . affront Austria-Hungary, with
whom America is yet at peace, but
the interest now taken by the United
States in the gallant defense made byv
the Italians against heavy odds has
been a great encouragement.
Brigadier General George II.,
Scriven, who is here to study the
Italian situation for the American
government, yesterday inspected the
line along the upper Piave and today
was going. along the northern fight
ing front.
, The general vent into the first line
trenches along the edge of the Piave.
A heavy artillery, fire was coming
from enemy batteries posted on a hill
on the opposite side oi the river, with
rifle fire from the bushes along tin
shores and the Italian batteries were
making, strong reply over the plac
Where .."thtt Tjpenerat-and hfs",cscorU,
were making their inspection.
General Scriven says he was im
pressed most favorably with all that
he saw, as it shows the Italian army
has been able to make an effective re
organization and is . now iir a high
state 'of efficiency. The tour today
will 'take General Scriven through
Bassano and along the i Asiago
plateau, where the fighting now is
heaviest because of the enemy at
tempts to force a way southward to
the openiplains. f ; , , , -
Germans Feverishly Active.'
-Aviators report (that the enemy' is
feverishly active along the Taglia
mento river, where' he is compelling
the civilian population to assist in the
construction of lines of defensive
trenches and works on the eastern
bank of the river to which he prob
ably would fall back in case of a re
verse along the Piave.
The lessening of the intensity of the
enemy ; attacks along the northern
front Is regarded as forecasting the
mofng of activity to other points,
either for massed attacks or in prepa
ration of defensive positions capable
of meeting the Italians, reinforced by
the British and French, in a concerted
advance. . . :
Lansdowne Pleases Germany.
London, Nov. 30. The newspapers
in Germany today publish the Lord
Lansdowne letter ,,on H their- front
pages, ; telegraphs , the "Amsterdam
correspondent of the Exchange Tele
graph company. The German news
papers consider it a "beginning of
England getting reasonable."
The letter, the correspondent adds,
has caused general satisfaction in
Germany, where it is regarded as a
"semi-official feeler." . '
Many Soldiers Reach
Lincoln on Furloughs
- (From a Staff Correspondent.)
Lincoln, Nov. 30. (Special.) Lin
coln was full of officers and enlisted
men yesterday, home for Thanksgiv
ing and the foot ball game between
Nebraska and Syracuse.
Among the number was .Lieutenant
V. Grant Humnhrev. rn nf (!antain
t. M. Humphrey of Pawnee City.
Lieutenant- Humphrey is from the
training camp at Ocean ' Springs,
Miss., and was the only Nebraskan at
that camp. When he received a com
mission it was not announced in Ne
braska papers. He is a graduate of
the state university, and when his
furlough is over will go to Leon
Springs, Tex.
Slackers Sentenced, in
. Oklahoma Federal Court
Muskogee, Okl., Nov. 30 Federal
Judge Ralph E. Campbell this morning-
began passing sentence on 95
draft resisters and other violators of
the selective service law who pleaded
guilty in United States :court atArd
more - recently. Out of the first 15
men to face the court some received
sentences as light as 90 days in the
Vinita -jail,. while others were ordered
to the federal prison at Leavenworth
for two years. ""'' " 1 V. vT
Amerjcan Casualties' ' " '
-. ' . With Canadian Troops
Ottawa, bnt.. Nov' MTnrfav'a"
Canadian casualty list in part follows: ,
Killed" in "action: Tarltsnn Wnmird . '
Wounded:. - r Comnrat C
Carnte, North ' Yakima, AYr
wounaed and returnc '
E. Cook, Mount Pi;ar
, 1