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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 26, 1917)
A TT V
VOL. XLVII. NO. 112.
OMA'HA, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 26, 1917. TWELVE PAGES.
0 Tralai, at Nottli.
Niwi SUndt, Etc. St.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS
x KAISER'S M
SHIPS, WHEAT AND PORK OF
! U. S. DEADLY AMMUNITION
MORE POTENT THAN BULLET
Food Administrator Pleads With Every Red-blooded
American to Raise Products America and Allies
Lack; Urges "Keep-a-Pig' Movement; Fats Ne
cessary for Life; Great Wool Market.
(By Associated Vress.)'
Washington, Oct. 25. In a statement" tonight reviewing
the world food situation, Food Administrator Hoover said the
fight against the submarine would be won if the United States
and Canada could stimulate production and effect economics so
as to feed the allies from this continent without sending a ship
farther afield than the American Atlantic seaboard.
SHIPS. WHEAT. HOGS. O
Ships, wheat and hogs are the great
needs emphasized by Mr. Hoover. He
said deepest concern had been caused
y the fact that in spite of high prices
wis country's pork consumption had
increased during the war until produc
tion had been outstripped, a situation
that must be changed.
MUST HAVE FAT.
"If -we discontinue exports," Mr.
Hoover r.dded, "we will move the
German line from France to the At
lantic seaboard. Pork products have
an influence in this present world
situation wider than one would ordi
narily attribute to them. ' The human
body must have a certain amount of
fat; we must increase production of
hogs if we are to answer the world's,
"Every 'pound of fat is as sure of
s.crvice as every bullet, and every hog
is of greater value to the winning of
this war than a shell."
As to wheat, he said the allies' de
ficiency of production is 196,000,000
bushels with imports of 577,700,000
. bushels required to maintain normal
consumption. He estimated the ag
gregate American, Canadian, Austral
ian, Indian and Argentine export sur
plus at 770,000,000 bushels, but pointed
out that lack of shipping made it
necessary for 'this country 'and Can
ada to bear the burden C meeting
, the allies' deficit.
Ships the Problem.
"The problem is thus simply one
of ships," , he said. "If ample ship-
nine existed there would be no need
for saving or increased production of
wheat on the part ot "the American
people. But if we can produce eco-
. nomics and stimulate production in
the United States and Canada--as will
enable us to feed the allies absolutely
from this continent nd then enable
them to ive without sending a ship
farther afield than our Atlantic sea
board, we can resist the submarine
Placing the United States' wheat
export surplus from this year's crop at
80.000,000 bushels, and Canada's at
150,000,000 bushels, Mr. Hoover urged
domestic economics to increase this
country's surplus to 150,000,000 bush
Cornmeal the Answer.
"This we could do," he said, "ifour
people would eat one pound less of
wheat flour per week and one pound
of cornmeal instead."
"The question of who wins this war
is of who can endure the longest and
the problem of endurance, in a large
degree is a problem of food supply
and tlie ships to carry it. The farm
er who works overtime, and the con
sumer who economizes are fighting
the submarine with a positive- and
If climatic conditions next year are
right, he estimated a wheat crop in
this country of 1,000,000,000 bushels.
U. S. Backs Wheat jrice.
"If -.var continues this wheat will
be vitally necessary," Mr. Hoover
said, "but if the war should come to
, an end, there will be no foreign mar-
ket for at least 400,000,000 bushels.
The government must then take over
the wheat and probably find a market
for it at a very great loss, as it guar
anteed a price of $2 a bushel."
Turning to the meat situation, the
administrator said that pork products
were more vitally needed by the
allies than beef.
"In the matter of beef," lie said.M
the allies can support themselves
without any consequential increase of
imports rom the United States."
Keep a Pig.
In view of the European situation
and the American' shortage of hogs,
he pointed out, there would be a hjgh
average trice for pork products, and
tueretore it would be to the vital ad
s! vantage of every farmer to raise hogs,
"We need a keep-a-pig movement in
By preventing undue increases in
forage prices, Mr. Hoover promised
that the food administration would
co-operate in measures to stimulate
livestock products. He also said
further production of sheep, both
for meat and particularly forvwol, jex
tcnsively used in uniforms, is needed.
"Our American farmers," he
added, "would be wis to realize that
for a considerable period after the
war there will be a very poor export
market for American bread grains,
whereas here will be wide demand
for animal products."
ALREADY MADE IN
S. R. McKelvie, Chairman of
State Committee, Says Chil
dren Have Obtained Won
Although the campaign for food
pledge cards signers does not begin
until next week, the work is almost
all done already, declared S. R. Mc
Kelvie yesterday afternoon at a meet
ing in the Boyd theater at which many
of the county chairmen of the food
pledge card committees were present,
besides other citizens.'
"The result that has been obtained
by the school children in getting the
food pledge cards signed is one to fill
our. hearts with joy," he said. "Whn-
thev have completed their work there
will be little left for the other work
ers to do next week. It was certainly
a bright idea to get this mighty force
of children to work.
Mr. McKelvie, chairman of the
state committee in chartre of the cam
paign, said many people are slow to
sign because they do not understand
that signing the cara merely pledges
them to' save food as much as pos
sible. Some have been found who be
lieved signing the card made it pos
sible for the food administrator -to
confiscate their supplies. He asked
the county chairmen to keep lists of
the names of persons who refuse to
sign the cards. t
' Nebraska Is Ready.
The state of Florida has issued
challenge. Mr. McKelvie read it. It
is addressed to Food Administrator
Hoover and in it Florida challenges
any and all other states to secure as
large a percentage of signatures to
the pledge cards as rlorida does. Mr,
McKelvie sent this challenge out to
all the county chairmen and he reaa
some of the telegrams he had received
in which they, one and all, accept the
' - , 4?W4I5?
Groups Debate Candidates For
the Presidency Bal
loting Is Now
(Continued on Eight, Column One.)
Rhode Island Women
- . Help at Corn Husking
Newport, R. I., Oct. 2. Becausof
the shortage of farm help women
went to work in the fields today in
an effort to save a big corn crop
which is threatened with destruction
unless quickly harvested. The wives,
u:ghters and servants of farmers at
Jamestown, Middletown, Ports
mouth and elsewhere took the places
of men usually employed in husking
Fo Nebraska Cloudy; warmer,
Temperature at Omaha Yeaterday.
Galligan to Be Fuel Head.
25. William J.
uaiugan ot uenver today was
pointed fate fuel administrator
6 a. m. . .
6 a. in . . .
7 a. m . . .
8 a. in . , .
9 a. m...
10 a. m...
11 a. m . . .
1 p. in
2 p. m
3 p. m 4
4 p. m.. .i. .40
5 p. m ...39
6 p. m. ....... ..37
7 p. m 3!
, p. m 3
Comparative Loral Record.
1917. 1916. 1915. 1914.
Highest yesterday .. 47 49 fin 61
lowest yesterday .... 35 54 46 34
Mean temperature . . '41 42 B 48
Precipitation 25 .00 .00 .00
Temperature and precipitation departures
fro mthe normal:
Normal temperature 49
Deficiency for the day 8
Total deficiency since March 1 356
Normal precipitation 07 Inch
Excess for the day , 18 Inches
Total rainfall since March 1 .... 21.1 0 Inches
Deficiency for cof. ptrlad. 1916. .11.62 Inches
Deficiency for cor. period. 1915.. 1.63 Inches
Reports From btaiionn at 7 P. M.
Station and State ' Temp. High- Rain
of Weather.i 7 p. ni. est.
Cheyenne, cloudy as 2
Davenport, rain........ 46 2
Denver, cloudy 4H 48
Pes Moines, rain 42 , 48
Dodse City, clear 42 48
Lander, pt. cloudy...... 40 B0
North Platte, clear.... 38' 4!
Omaha, rain 25 .47
Pueblo, pt. cloudy 46 56
Kansas City, rain 42 48
Salt Lake City, cloudy. 62 54
Santa Fe, cleat. SO hi
Sheridan, cloudy..:.... Ill 40
Sioux City, rain 3 4;
Valentine, clear,-. 36 4
T Indicate" trace of precipitation.
L. A WELSH, Mcteorolosii
CONCERTED DRIVE FOR
ONE DAY BRINGS TOTAL
FAR ABOVE MINIMUM
Treasury Officials Announce Second Liberty Bond Sub
scriptions for Wednesday Greater Than Anticipated
and Total of $5,000,000,000 is Now in
Sight; Must Keep Up Work.
Politics sizzle in every group of
clubwomen "attending the Nebraska
Federation of Women's Clubs con
vention at the Fontenclle. The contest
for presidency promises to be one of
the closest elections ever held in the
Mrs. A. E. Sheldon of Lincoln and
Mrs. Cora Beds of Norfolk are the
candidates!- Mrs. Sheldon has the
support of the large Lincoln delega
tion, but Mrs. Peels "has a large fol
lowing because of her service on the
state board. She is now vice presi
dent of the state federation.
Known for War Work.
Mrs. Sheldon has not been so close-
v identified with federation affairs,;
though she served as state literature
chairman. She is best known for her
work as chairman of registration for
the women's committee, State Council
Mrs. Sheldon organized every
county but three in Nebraska for
women's registration. No political
party has ever completed the organi
zation to this extent, nor has the
work been attempted before. Mrs.
Sheldon expects to have Nebraska's
statistics on women trained for war
service sent in to Washington head
quarters before .any other state in the
Mrs. J. Rowan of Alliance, present
corresponding secretary, is popularly
mentioned for vice president.
New Yoflc Woman to Lecture.
Mrs. Kate Upsou Clark of x New
York, noted writer and women's club
Oct. 25 Treasury officials announced today
their conviction that the liberty loan subscriptions had passed
the $3,000,000,000 mark and were well on their way to the.
Indications at 11 o'clock were that
Liberty day sales had carried the to
tal to approximately $3,500,000,000, if
not beyond that sum.
THREE BANKS DELAY REPORT
Subscriptions officially reportedv to
the federal reserve banks up to the
close of business last night, with re
ports from three banks missing, ap
Banks reported officially subscrip
tions totaling more than $400,000,000,
but this sum, officials say, represents
only a fraction of what was really se
cured during the day. The full extent
of the Liberty day drive probably will
not be known before the campaign
closes Saturday. 1 i
Subscription Agencies Swamped.
"A flood of telegrams from every
part of the country, the Treasury de
partment announces, "told the same
story, of subscription agencies
swamped so badly-that there was no
possibility of making accurate esti
mates of yesterday's sale before to
night at the-earliest. Out of all the
confusion that has resulted from the
overwhelming flood of business that
fairly swept sales committees off their
feet there is evident a fixed determi
nation to attain the $5,000,000,000
maximum total. '
Sale Already a Success.
"The sale already is a success, it is
felt, for the country has achieved the
minimum, but that is not enough. The
purpose to sell $5,000,000,000 worth of
bonds, born of a desire to show lie
world, and particularly the enemy of
liberty, what America can do is as
serting itself today in every nook and
corner of .the United States.
"No section of the country can be
said longer to be asleep to the mean
ing of the sale. Until yesterday the
Dallas and Atlantic districts and cer
tain parts of the middle west were
cuuMiig great concern more, in fact,
than those m direct communica
tion with the district committee
could, realize. But they came
through with flying colors. x Today
they are moving swiftly along, intent
on achieving their maximum."
Boy Scouts Work Fast.
New York, Oct. 25. One hundred
million dollars, or one-thirtieth of the
country s minimum allotment, is now
the amount which the Boy Scouts of
America expect to raise on behalf of
the second Liberty loan. -
The Boy Scout goal was originally
set at $50,000,000, as compared with
approximately '$23,000,000 collected
for the first loan. At the request of
the Treasury department, their presvj
ent ertorts will not be concluded to
night, as planned, but will continue
until Saturday noon. About 270,000
Boy Scouts and their leaders are at
work. The prediction of $100,000,000
was contained in a statement issued
SCHEDULE FOR GENERAL
Arrives, Missouri Pacific 7:15
Breakfasts privately with aides
a Fontenclle 8:00
Visits Forts Omaha and
Crook 9 to 12.00
Luncheon at Commercial club.l2:15
Addresses public meeting at
Informal dinner at Hotel Fon-
Starts theater speeches about 7:50
Departs for Camp Funston 11:00
today by James E. West, chief scout
executive, at national headquarters
With only one-tenth of the cam
paigners heard from this morning,
$19,864,300 had been collected in a
house-to-house canvass. St. Paul,
with 2,830 subscriptions, led the
country, with $4,113,050; St. Louis
was second with $1,891,700, represent
ing 6,757 pledges.
Thompson Buys Bonds.
Chicago, Oct. 25. Mayor William
H. Thompson, he announced today,
has subscribed for $5,000 in Liberty
' ' 7
I I v4 ' f
lecturer, will talk on "Personality" at
'Personality has been acquired by
modern women, Mrs. Clark believes.
"In other days no women had "per
sonality. They were allowed no free
dom to cultivate it. Only men's per
sonalities mark historical periods of
Jane Addams, Anna Howard Shaw
are modern women of great per
sonality, according to Mrs. Clark.
ilrs. Clark will give her best known
(Continued on Pan Two, Column Four,)
Executives of Panama
Subscribe to Loan
Panama, Oct. 25. Dr. Ramon Vil
dcz, president of Panama, and mem
bers of his cabinet have subscribed
liberally-to the American Liberty
Women Say Men Are Slackers
In Conservation of Foodstuffs
Mrs. John Slaker of Hastings,
prominent Nebraska club woman, has
a thing or two to tell Gurdon W.
Wattles, food, administrator and the
men of the food conservation com
mittee. "It's time men were signing food
conservation plcdge cards. We
women have signed about a half
dozen of them since the war began
and they are still having more food
pledge cards thrust upon us" "True,
women do decide what goes on the
table, but the men won't eat if they
don't like it and are freer than ever
to express their disapproval of con
servation methods adopted by
"Why don't men give up tobacco as
a war emergency and release the labor
so employed for raising food products,
or for industry," Mrs. Slaker wants
to know. "I am not opposed to the
use of tobacco, but there are 40 gitls
in my town who make cigars, who, if
they were employed iu homes to help
already overburdened housewives,
would even release 40 women who
could give loyal Red Cross service,"
Mrs. Slaker's friends at the Ne
braska club- women's convention echo
hc views. .
f- .'' ''f ''Jl f ; I
v MRS. JOHN SLAKER.
"We're going to name Mrs. Slaker
our spokeswoman to appear before
the men's committee," said one.
BERLIN CAP TURES
STAFF OFFICERS IN
NEW IS0NZ0 DRIVE
Recent Reinforcements Rushed to Southern Front by
n Kaiser Result in Crushing Italian Defeat, c
cording to German Dispatches; Real
Issue May be Decided on Tyrol.
Berlin, Oct. 25, (Via London.) Heavy captures in pris
oners and booty have been made by the Austro-German forces
attacking the Italians on the Isonzo front, army headquarters
. : o TAKE HIGH OFFICERS.
The prisoners include divisional
and brigade staffs.
The total prisoners taken exceed
The fighting on this front fe con
tinuing. ITALIANS MEET ASSAULT.
Paris, Oct. 25. General Cadorna's
skill and strategy, which made pos
sible the capture of the heights on the
eastern bank of the Isonzo, is being
put to the test by a strong Austro
German offensive on the front from
Flitsh to the Bainsiza plateau,
northeast of G'jrizia. Vienna claims
ine capture ot o.uuu prisoners as tne
result of the first blow.
Austrians Alone Were Defeated.
Austria's army could do Jiittle
against the Italians, who were press
ing forward steadily and breaking the ,
morale of the Austrian army. The '
Chiapavano valley already had been
entered and soon the Austrian forces
w"ould have been cut in ,two. Trieste
was threatened seriously and Pola, the
great Austrian port, was in danger.
The Italian efforts were having their
i . . . i . : i. 1 . . i- . : i
viti iiutii', wuii.li up iu mis lime nas
sent little of men or munitions to this
front, has come to the help of the
losing Austrians and it is German sol-
nicrs ana uerman munitions and guns
that, are thundering against Cadorna's
defenses along the Isonzo.
" f Cadorna is Prepared.
The Italians, General Cadorna re
ports, "are steady and prepared."
After a heavy bombardment the
Austro-German infantry was thrown
forward . against the Italian positions
near Flitsch, near Tolmino and on
the northern part of the Bainsizza pla
teau, a front of 25 miles. The Aus-tro-Germaus,
by their own report,
tained only the foremost Italian dc-
tenses at these points.
Generally the Italians have- some
advantage in terrain, but the Austrians
and Germans hold many high moun
tain positions near the Italian lines.
The Italians also are fighting with
their backs to the Isonzo river.
Where the Germans obtained larce
numbers of reinforcement-! for the
Austrians in this region has not yet
become apparent, but it is not im
probable that some of them were sent
post haste from the northern Russian
front, where between the Vina river
and the Gulf of Riga there has been
a withdrawal -by the Germans over a
wide front. " .J-
Civilians Leave Kronstadt.
PArograd, Oct. 25. The evacua
tion by the civil population of the
naval base of Kronstadt has begun.
The removal of civilians from Kron
stadt, the most important Russian
naval base, probably is a military
measure. The civilian population is
moving from Petrograd, froni wjiich
the government also will go to Mos
cow. The evacuation of Reval, another
important portion the Gulf of Fin
land, was reported last week. t
1 Twenty Teuton Divisions.
Washington, Oct. 25. The great
Austro-German drive against the
Italians front, now in full swing, was
fully expected by General Cadorna,
who has prepared to meet it for sev
erarweeks past. Official cablegrams
received today declare that in addi
tion to the heavy reinforcements
which the Austrians have received
from troops withdrawn from the Rus
sian front, many German divisions
have appeared on the long line from
Tolmino to the Carse-, so that there
are now 20 full divisions with a great
amount of artillery on this front.
Italian headquarters recognize in
this great enemy force a confirmation
of the reports that have been leaking
out from Germany and Austria of the
conclusion reached by the' German
general staff that the real issue of the
war is to be fought out on the Isonzo
and Tyrol fronts. , -
, This offensive also was . necessary,
according to information received by
Italian officials, to encourage the suf
fering and starving population in the
interior of Austria, which is' thor
oughly tired of the war and dispirited
by the long defensive .campaign of
Today's reports state that in this
drive German troops for the first
time have appeared on' the Italian
front nd s German airplane, part of
much German war material gathered
on the Bainsizza plateau, was brought
down yesterday within the Italian
GERMANS IN FULL
Ml OF DVINA
Civilians Evacuating Kron
stadt; French Advance Con
tinues; Austria's Army
Helpless Before Cadorna.
(Br Awoclated PreM.)
Petrograd, Oct. 25. The German
retreat on the northern end of the
front continues. The war office re
pports that the Russian vanguard lost
touch in some sectors with the retiring-
Germans, who destroyed all the
bridges, roadrand buildings.
, On Tuesday the Germans were re
ported to be on the Rodenpois- Tur
kaln line. 1
FALL BACK FIFTEEN MILES.
This line indicates an extensive re
treajt by the Germans, who are now
back nearly to the, Dvina river region.
Rodenpois is on the Great Jeagel
river, about umife-j north of Dvina.
Turkaln is on. the Little Jaecel, seven
miles from the Dvina,
The Russian statement says that the
Germans who left their advanced po
sitions so far have retired about 15
miles in the Riga region, near the
Pskoff high road and in the sector of
the Little Jaegel river.
FRENCH ADVANCE CONTINUES
Paris, tct. 25.r-Further progress
was made last night by the French on
the Aisne front between Chavignon
and Mont des Singes.
The French war office statement
this afternoon says that the farm of
Rohay was captured by the French
and that a number of prisoners; were
Twenty-five German airplanes were
brought down by French pilots last
night or were compelled to land in
Austrians Accuse ,
Czernin of Being' -'
Weak, German Tool
Washington, Oct. 25. Sternly re
pressive censorship for the last two
weeks by the Austrian authorities has
failed to prevent the leakage of re
ports to this country by cable of
fierce attacks upon the government in
the Reichsrath by Czech leaders.
One of these, named Zoecieksiceh,
bitterly charged Premier Czernin with
being the vicitm of German theorists
who looked to world domination and
he declared that Austria might have
been saved all of its present misery
had not the Germanic race, which pre
dominated in the government, refused
Serbia's professed concessions. Count
Czernin's peace suggestions were de
clared to have no meaning whatever
and he was reproached for passing
over in silencc.the practical demands
of theententc, especially the guaran
tees for a general peace based upon
the recognition of small nations as
free and independent. v
To Standardize Loaf of pread
And Fix the Sale'Price
Washington. Oct. 25. Standardiza
tion of bread as the result of investi
gations by government experts soon
will be announced by the food ad
ministration. Benjamin Jacobs ot tlje
Department of Agriculture's bureau of
chemistry, who lias been making tests
and investigating the cost of in
gredients and labor and other factors
in the baking industry, has submitted
his report to Food Administrator
Hoover. . t
This Man's His Own Uncle
And Several Other Things
Springfield, I1L, Oct. 25.(Special.)
Here is a man who' is uncle to
himself. He's Justice of the Peace
Cleveland C. Bierman. Recently
he married the stepdaughter of his
sister. So he becomes son-in-law
of his sister; his bride. Miss Mary
Hunt CantwelL a sister-in-law of
her stepmother, and more compli
cated still, John Cantwell, father
of the bride, becomes brother-in
law to his sort.in-law, in addition io
being Lther-in-law. Isn't the jus
tice then also uncle to his wife and
uncle-in-law to all his brothers-in-law?
Then if he's uncle to his wife,
he's also nncle to all his children.
Camp Cody Reports Good
Return on Liberty Loan
Camp Cody, N. M. (Via El Paso,
Tex.), Oct. 25. (Special Telegram.)
Subscriptions to the Liberty loan by
the Thirty-fourth division totaled $1.
586,750 today, Chairman Colonel P. L.
Hall reported. They , are 2O,Q00 men
in camp. .. ; . v , fy
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