Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 13, 1917, NEWS SECTION, Image 1
PART ONE NEWS SECTION Pages 1 to 10 VOL. XL.VII. NO. 101. HrTC ee Omaha Daily Bee VnT VI Tnr ii t THE WEATHER & Fair OMAHA. SATURDAY MORNING. OCTOBER 13, 1917. TWENTY PAGES. 3 HIES ADVANCE ALONG. WIDE SMASHES GERMAN DEFENSE , , . n n i r JJ CALL SECOND DRAFT QUOTA IN DECEMBER Indications Point to Marshaling Next Increment Before First 1 of Year; Many Shortages to Be Made Up. CAPELLE RESIGNS AS MINISTER OF GERMAN MARINE Recent Storm of Criticism Over Vice Admiral's Attitude in Navy Mutiny Makes Posi tion Unpleasantly Warm. TEACHFRS im sclsa BOND BUYERS (By Associated Trrtm.) Washington. Oct. 32. Dismmn of the advisability of expediting the ! Fr,a"kfurter Ze"un8. r,tl fr tu. i : , t ' Admiral Edu inv. octuuu uiLrciiicni oi me (By Associated Press.) Amsterdam, Oct. 12. Vice Admiral von Capelle. the German minister of marine, has resigned, according to the urate army now is in progress at the War department and it appears likely that the date may be fixed for' some time in December or January. Mobilizations o.r the first increment of 687,000 men is now far enough ad vanced to show clearly that there will be a big deficiency for the seventeen national army divisions. More, than 250.000 of the first increment are still to be assembled, but it already is evi dent that there wll be available at the sixteen cantonments quarters for an additional regiment at each nost and at some for a full brigade of two regiments. Fifty Thousand Short. The strength of the new regimental organization is 3,600 men. With a regiment lacking at each cantonment, this alone would mean a shortage of nearly 50,000 men. In addition there has been authorized a separate divi sion of negro troops, which means nearly 30,000 men withdrawn from the original number assigned to the six teen cantonments. The shortage is due partially to the necessity of taking out of national army "men to til up National Guard divisions. Two complete national army divisions of southern troons have been absorbed in this way. The remnants of three other southern na tional army divisions will be consoli dated to form a single divisional unit, and the surplus men from other camps will be sent south to make up the missing "divisions. To Fill Aviation Corps. Drafts on the national army forces also must be made to fill up the en listed personnel oi the aviation serv ice, the medical corps and the service battalions needed behind Ae. fighting lines abroad. Eventually there will be 250,000 men in the last named serv ice alone, and aviation and the medi cal service will take nearly as many more, though rio1; alt of t Herri will be taken from the national army. Operating to deJay the calling out of the second increment to make good these shortages are' several factors. lounng ana equipment is coming , lorwara oniy at a rate tnat can meet the demands of the forces already calleJk and the railways of the coun try have been overburdened with' tfic job of moving the arm'- and its neces sities without hindering freight ship ments vital to the allies. Fixing Date of Call. Fixing the date o." the call for the second increnie-t probably hinges also upon the careful study being made by Provost .Marshal General Crowder and his assistants of the re sults of the plan followed in assem bling the men called first. Many questions have arisen which may be decided hereafter, and substitute regulations to guide both local and district boards, prepared in the light of .what actual experience has taught, fly be issued to govern the second Eduard von Canelle was one of the administrative direc tors m the ministry of marine before : sv w C-l ul r War 4 fy Jill. Camp Dodge Men Subscribe For Large Block of Bonds Camp Dodge, Des, Moines, la., Oct. 12. National army men at this can tonment today subscribed $32,100 to the second Liberty loan. It is hoped to bring the total to ?100,000 by the civd of thr week. The Weather Temperatures nt Omuha lesterdar. ADJtjRai, yon ror.'ii.p' the war and had served as a captain at sea. In March, 1916, he succeeded Admiral von Tirpitz as imperial min ister, of the navy. Several times since then Von Capelle has appeared before the Reichstag with optimistic state ments regarding the progress 'of the unrestricted submarine campaign, as latc as August 26,-l7, defending the U-boat policy of his predecessor and himself at a meeting of the Reichstag mam committee, .. Vice Admiral von Capelle '' an nounced in the Reichstag last Wed nesday that a plot had been discov ered in the navy to paralyze the ef ficiency, of the fleet and force the gov ernment to make peace. He said that the guilty parties .had received their just , deserts, . arid attempted to link socialists with the plot. The imperial German chancellor, Dr. Michaelis, also spoke of the existence of a con spiracy in the navy and asserted that certain deputies were involved in the revolt. The socialists and trjeir newspapers have attacked both the chancellor and the vice admiral for their statements. I John L. Kennedy to Be Nebraska's Fuel Dictator for War (From a Staff Correspondent. Washington, Oct. 12. Special Tel egram.) It is said on reliable author ity that Dr. Garfield, fuel administrator-for the United States, -has de cided to recommend appointment of John L. Kennedy of Omaha to take charge of the fuel situation for Ne braska. . The matter has been held in abeyance for a considerable time, but the decision is said to have been def initely reached. Bloomington, III,. To Have City Coal. Yard BloomniRton, -Jl!., Oct. 12. The city council today voted to use $1,000 ! in buying coal and delivering it to persons who have been unable to get fuel ffom dealers.. Consumers will pay cash at actual cost to the city plus delivery charges. Announce at Commercial Club That Instructors Subscribe for More Than $50,000 in Liberty Loan. Announcement that 711 teachers in the Omaha public schools, with Cen tral high instructors yet to report, had subscribed $50,500 irl Liberty bonds, was made at the noon mass meeting at the Commercial club. Anna Held, the famous French actress, was the guest of honor at the meeting. The crowd rose and cheered when the patriotic entertainer of international fame entered the Commercial club rooms. The announcement of the public school teachers' loyal response to the appeal to participate in the great sec ond Liberty loan was the occasion of another outburst. Miss Belle Ryan, assistant in the office of Sui erintendent of Schools beveridge, was chosen to inform the mass meeting of the big subscription by the teachers. Stands on Chair. Anna Held was introduced bv T, C. JJyrne. He helped her up on a chair, on which she stood while she talked to the crowd. ' She told of the early days of the war and her own experiences during the mobilization of soldiers. She was a witness to several Zep pelin air raids and she recited"the ex periences of the peopleywho were in the streets when the "giant German gas bags passed over the country. A ttign compliment was paid to WRECK OF GERMAN AEROPLANE BROUGHT DOWN BY FRENCH GUNS Here i one German aeroplane that will never fly again or observe another movement of French troops. The machine and its pilot were brought to earth inside the French lines. American Red Cross nurses by the little- French woman. 'Some said all thev were coiner to France for was to flirt with the sol diers," she said. "But I saw them saw them pulling socles off legs of wounded men, when the flesh was rot ted and came -off ' witli 'the foot cover ing. They are noble these American Red Cross nurses." Anna Hlrf fhlrf At flow ctli tlnir in French and English soldiers back of the trenches and of their appreciation. "Ah, it is a grand thincr to think of the Sammies helping them." she sighed. The total subscriptions taken at the Anna Held mass meeting amounted to $125,000. Wlicn the figures had gone to $124,300 John L. Kennedy. who was presiding, said, "We now have $124,300. and I'll take the other $700 to make it tven money, and we'll rise and give three cheers for Miss Held." During the couse of his soliciting for subscription Mr. Kennedy stopped and said,""Now, I think Miss Held would like to say a few words. 0 F, A T YPR BRITISH STEAMROLLER IS AGAIN CRUSHING KAISER'S MEN INTO FLANDERS SOIL Second Drive of Week Is On Northeast of Ypre; Haig's Forces Renew Destruction of Berlin's Belgian Barrier; Making Rapid Progress Across Lille-Ostend Line. "WRECKED Hour. Peg. ' 6 a. m it Jj 6 n. m. ........ mi 2:- I 7 m - (v HM 'A a. m 25 SJ&4r :'m' ri 3 a. m i'9 j . '.i f v 1 a. m 113 Vi. 1 ! " P. 47 ,r til? . 4 '' ni 47 C ' w V -C( .". p. m 4S ' " ! P. m 42 Compnmtlve local Uwnrl. 1917. 19Jf.. 151.'. 1914. Highets yesterday.... 4S o f.; f.6 Lowest yfsterday .... 14 61! Su 41 Mean temperature ... M fi8 tl 4S Treclpltatlon 00 .ii) .49 .01 Temperature and precipitation departures from the normal: Normal temperatur 57 Deficiency fur tho d:'.s 21 Total deficiency Nince March 1, 1 0 1 7 .... 2 7 5 Normal pr'eclpltatlo.i OS Inch Deficiency f' the fly 09 inch Total rainfall since March 1....20.70 (nchea Deficiency since March 1 5.18 inches Deficiency for cor. period, 1SH..11.7D inches Deficiency for cor. period, 1915.. 1.20 inches Beports from Stations at 1 P. M. Station and States Temp. Men- Raln- ot Weather. 7 p. m. est. fall. Cheyenne, part cloudy.... 3 60 .00 Davenport, clear 32 35 .00 Penw, clear 2 72 .00 Des Motnes, clear 44 4; .00 DodM City, clear 62 r,8 .00 Iander. part cloudy 58 68 .00 North Platte, clear Omaha, clear 44 4(t I'ueblo, clear 4 7. Rapid flty. clear 52 to Salt Lake City, pt c'.oudv .4 .0 fianla Fe. clear . Sheridan, part cloudy . " ' Hloux City, clear 4" Valentine, clear 44 64 T Indicates trace oi precipnaiiun. U A. WELSH, Meteorologist. (Continued on Tare Two, Colnmn Three.) Nation-Wide Society To Aid Dependents Of Fighters Formed Cleveland, p., Ocf. 12. Cleveland is to become the headquarters of a new organization, "The Fathers and Brothers of Our Soldiers and Sailors," being formed here today. The organization proposes to supple ment the work of the Red Cross among dependents of the country's fighters and is intended to become nation-wide. It is proposed to organize with twenty-five directors, and en courage the formation of chapters all over the country, the , goal being a membership of 10,000,000 men and wonien, fathers and mothers and brothers and sisters of soldiers. Americanization of Parents Urged by Settlement Worker Americanization brought about in the homes of the foreign population is the doctrine preached by Mrs. Marie A. Leff, new head resident of the South Side social settlement, who arrived in Omaha last week from Cleveland. "Teach the parents American ways. Don't expect them to learn them indi rectly from their children' said Mrs. Leff. "It the foreign woman won't come to your settlement house, go to her. She is probably, too busy wash ing dishes and caring for the baby." Mrs. Leff has a scheme all her own with which to accomplish the Ameri canization. Her volunteer workers, whom she specially trains, go into the homes and teach not only the A, B, C's, but rudiments of home-making, according to the American style. Washing dishes, sweeping, making beds, washing clonics all come in the course of instruction. . j Mrs. Leff asks for volunteers who will "adopt" one foreiga family ta help Americanize them COLUMBUS DAY , IS OBSERVED AS A HOLIDAY HERE Monster Parade Precedes Ex ercises at feohemian Hall City and County Off ices Closed. , Friday, "Columbus day," legal holi day by the grace of the state legis lature, was observed in an aus picious manner fcy 15,000 Italian resi dents of Greater Omaha, accompanied by many representatives of other na tionalities who regard Christopher Columbus as one of the world's great est cosmopolites. Four hundred and twenty-five year; ago the famous Italian navigator em barked upon a memorable cruise and discovered this land which now is the home of more than 100,000,000 people. Opens With Parade. One of the features, of the day's local observance was a parade which moved from Sixteenth and Cuming streets to the Bohemian hall at Thir teenth and Martha streets. A motor cycle squad lead the fine and city and county officials followed. In .the marching demonstration were Chris topher Coiumbus society and band, I Italian Benevolent society and band, Society Dal Cenesio alia Etna, Cosen tino's Liberty band, Society Gioyan nia D' Ameglio, and Italian citizens in automobiles. L. J. Piatti, chairman of the parade committee, presided at the hall( where short addresses were made by Mayor J. C. Dahlman, Sebastian Salerno, president of Society Giovanni Ameg lio; Dominick Anania, president of Italian Benevolent society; Carmelo Falconi, president of Christopher Co lumbus society; Louis Cantoni, presi dent of Society Dal Cenesio alia Etna, and Rev. Michael A. Stagno. Italian Courageous. Mayor Dahlman referred to the valor of the Italians in war, their thrift and loyalty as citizens of this country and their domestic solidarity. A "grand ballo colonaile" was given last night in the Bohemian hall, on South Thirteenth street, under aus- p.res of Socieja Italiane Di Omaha. Omaha Italians during the year con tributed $4,000 to the Italian Red Cross society, gave liberally to the American Red Cross, subscribed $50, 000 to the first Liberty bond loan and are responding patriotically to the second Liberty bond issue. Thursday night L. J. Piatti was elected honorary president of the Christopher Columbus rocicty and was presented a fine badge in memory of the occasion. LIBERTY BOND DRIVE KEEPS UP FAST PACE SET Boy Scouts , Active While Schools Are Closed; Insur- . ance Men and Bankers . Start Next Week. The boy scouts of Omaha have al ready hustled in $11.1,000 in sub scriptions to the second Liberty loan. These chaps have been exceedingly active, particularly since there were some days when they could not go to school. These days they improved by hustling for the Liberty loan. Be sides they have hustled hard every moment out of school hours, and are piling up the subscriptions so fast that they are amazing riot only their scout masters, but the general Lib erty loan committee besides. : The biggest single subscription thus far reported coming through a boy scout was that of $20,000 brought in by Herman Grotte of Troop 5. Young Grotte worked hard for this one, even though he got it from his uncle.- He has worked on that uucle for about a week, and everv dav he reported his progress. For the past several days he has been reputing the climax drawing nearer and nearer, until at last he .came gallop ing -into scout headquarters in the Patterson block, shouting "I got him; I got him," and waving high over his head the subscription card. Boys Have a Slogan. The scouts have a slogan all their own, "If-you can't go across, come across; boy a Liberty bond." The scouts' parade which was scheduled for Saturday of this week has been postponed to Saturday, Oc tober '20. At that time the' troops will march through the streets with banners flying, calling attention -to the Liberty loan drive.' At stated driven home less than twenty-four hours after it was made by the begin ning this morning of another, British attack in Flanders. 1 Only three days had elapsed since the last attack made on Tuesday. Tuesday's push was launched after four-day paute, the last previous drive having been carried out the pre ceding Thursday. . Previously intervals of a week or more had elapsed between the Brit ish attacks. GOOD PROGRESS FROM START. Good progress wss reported earl: (Continued on Paf Two, Column Hlx.) (By Associated Press.) British Headquarters in France and Belgium, Oct 12. By 7:45 o'clock this morning reports were received that every thing was going well with today's British attack in Flanders. The troops along a wide front had pushed forward to a) depth averaging 800 yards or -more. The main enemy today was not the Germans, but the mud. The Germans were far less formidable than previously, owing to the disorganization occasioned among them by the re cent terrific blows of the British. Indications are that the Germans early were aware that trouble was impending, as about 4 a. m. a large number of gas shells were fired by them along the British front. Prisoners were beginning to come in early, although slowly, owing to the condition of the ground. The British steamroller "goes uphill very slowly, but it is now going downhill and battles are following each other more and more rapidly," said Major General Maurice, director of operations at the British war office, yesterday. V ONLY THREE DAYS' REST. Bit I'LllBVUflRIV UIIIILl" The truth ot this assertion was ucmtimii nurco TO WIN SWEDEN BY FEEDING HER Kaiser Will Ship Grain, Sugar and Potatoes to Replace Those Cut Off by New American Blockade. London, Oct. 12. M. Widen, who lias been asked by King Gustave of Sweden to Jorm a cabinet, will at- tempt to construct a ministry solely of liberals, says the Stockholm cor respondent of the Daily Mail. Hjal mar Branting and his associates in the socialist party will be excluded by M. Widen, who is a moderate liberal. It is the correspondent's opinion that M. Branting will not be sorry to be excluded, as popular discontent is likely to increase during the winter. As to the effect of the American blockade, the correspondent says, the manner in which the policy of the United States is to be answered is f i i . t . indicated oy tiie government s an nouncement .that Germany will sun ply to Sweden grain, potatoes and sugar, which the allies have refused. This announcement, if realized, will naturally stimulate the pro-German trend of public opinion developed by the Washington news of the last few days, the dispatch says. It adds that particular resentment has been pro voked in the press by the statement that the Swedish delegates to the United States had suppressed the tacts in relation to Sweden s expor tation ot iron ore to Germany. Congregational Council Favors Woman Suffrage Columbus, O., Oct. 12. The Na tional Council of Congregational churches, in session here, today adoptei. by a large majority a resolu tion favoring woman suffrage The suffrage question was unlocked for and developed hot debate. Active participation in prohibition work and support to the Anti-Saloon league also was pledged by the coun cil today. The resolution urged Presi dent Wilson to forbid during the pe riod of the war the use of food values in the manufacture of alcoholic liquors and the sale of such liquors. ninrbart-SlcMen root MunitiorrJorker8 Pray ' To Make More Shells Victoria, B. C, Oct. 12. Muni tions workers here have forwarded a petition to Sir Robert Borden, premier, praying for the letting of further shell contracts in this province on the grounds that this kind of work should be provided for the dependents of those who have gone to the front and for returned soldiers. Within thirty days all shell contracts in the province will be completed and 2,000 men and omen thrown out of work. Citizens of Alsace-Lorraine Are Given "Kultur" Treatments (By Aiuorlalei! frni.) French Front in France, Oct. 12. Fresh evidence o; the German cam paign of terrorization in Alsace-Lor raine comes to hand every day. Since the beginning ot hostilities German courts martial sitting in the annexed provinces have inflicted sentences to taling 5,000 years' imprisonments on citizens of Alsace and Lorraine whose sole offense has been the expression of opinions favorable to France. All classes and all districts have suf fered. Many Escape to France. Since Alsace and Lorraine were an nexed by Germany in 1871 until the outbreak of the war in 1914 no fewer than 500,000 of the inhabitants of the provinces, according to official figures, have migrated to France. Immediately after the declaration of .war three years ago, every one of real Alsatian or Lorraine origin who could find a way to do so made a hurried departure over the frontier line. Hundreds of those remaining, owing to their in ability to leave in time, were at once seized as suspects and sent to prisons or internment camps, where they have been l$cpt in confinement for three years. While the migration was in progress the younger and more daring spirits among the nieh of Alsace and Lor raine took the still more serious step of joining the French, army. Ove.r 30,000 of them have fought beneath the tri color since the war began. Many of them by their heroism have gained high rank, while numbers of their comrades have made the great sacrifice. Five Generals From Porvince. In addition to the men in the ranks and among the minor officers who have fought for France the two provinces have supplied many military leaders of high renown, among them no fewer than five generals having sealed their patriotism by ' dying soldiers' deajh in fighting the Ger mans. These five were Generals Si- bille, Duuuy. Dion. Trumelet-Faber and Stirn. v ; . by Field Marshal HalgVtfrrg the si"F milt front northeast of Ypres, on' which today's assault is being deliv ered. - Apparently the objective is the re mainder of the ridge commanding the Flanders plain, over the. dominant points of which the British have al ready passed and are driving down ward. Another notable fact in connection with the present series of drives is that each is now apparently being made regardless of weather condi tions. One good day for airplane ob servation was enough for the British in this 'instance to get their ranges, launch their drum .fire, drop their bar rage and push to the attack through the mud and renewed rainfall. Not Waiting on Weather. Military observers in this connec tion credit the British high command witlj the belief that it is probably of little use to wait for good weather at this time of the year in Flanders. Another consideration pointed to is the reported weakening state of the German army morale, an opportunity to be seize! with all possible prompti tude, if the utmost advantage is to be taken of it. ' There is no indication that the French-, forces on the British left, .which pushed forward approximately a mile to the edge of Hourtiolst wood in Tuesday's attack, are participating in today's advance. Their task for the moment seems to have becii com pleted by the bringing up of their lines to a point where efficient protec tion would be given the British left flank in the renewal; of the wedge driving process beiim carried out be tween Fassschendaele and Gheluvelt. Open Attack at 5:25: London, Oct. 12. The British troops in Flanders attacked the Ger mans this morning on a front of about six miles northeast of Ypres. vThey are reported to be making ' satisfactory progress. Kain fell heavily during last night. . The official report from Field Mar shal Haig's headquarters today reads: ' "We attacked at 5:25 o'clock this morning on a front of about six miles ' northeast of Ypres. Our troops are reported to be making satisfactory ' progress. Rain fell heavily during the night." 1-ield Marshal Haig s latest effort is being pushed in the same region as . (Continued on Pa Two, Column Fire.) Mutiny in German Fleet Causes Delay ; Of Petrograd Attack London, Oct. 12. The inactivity of the German fleet in the Baltic sea recently when there were obvious op portunities for attacking Russia, ac cording to a dispatch to the Daily Chronicle from Amsterdam, wis due to the mutinous outbreak in the Ger man navy. J. he outbreak affected at least six important units of the fleet. putting them out of action and caus ing the authorities to doubt the disci pline and lovaltv of the crews of other large ships. It was impossible, the dispatch adds, to take stern mea sures on a large scale against the ofi fenders, because that would have :" creased the evil.