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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 2, 1917)
PAGES ONE TO TEN
VOL. XLTO. NO. 39.
OMAHA, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 2, 1917. TWENTY-TWO PAGES.
On Traliit, it HoHlfc
Ntwi Stssds. Eto.. to
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
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FARMER, SLACKER, MUST FILL
PLACE OF FIRST EXEMPTED
MAN IN COUNTRY DISTRICT
H. D. Becker, Arrested for
tion Board He Failed Because it Rained on Regis
tration Day; Penalty Heavier Since Draw-
ing; Army Refuses Tramp.
H. D. Becker, a farmer living west of Benson, is the first
man arrested in Douglas county as a slacker after the big draw
ing in the selective draft and brought under the drastic pro
visions dealing with slackers. -
Becker was arrested Tuesday and, after a hearing before
federal officials, was taken to the exemption board of , his dis
trict in Benson, there to take the place of the first registered
This is in accordance with the rules'!-'
laid down by Attorney General Greg
ory and transmitted to Omaha federal
officials. Before the drawing in the
big national human lottery most
"slackers" when apprehended were
allowed to register. Now that . the
drawing has taken place, the sterner
procedure is followed, and every
"slacker" ' is insured a place in the
In case they are-exempted for any
reason, criminal procedure against
them may follow.
Rain Only Excuse.
Becker had no excuse for not reg
istering except the fact that it rained
on registration day.
"At first I thought I wouldn't reg
ister," he said naively, but my wife
said I'd better do it. So I decided I
would. But then it began to rain
and I just , didn't do anything more
. Cyrus Mitchell, a. box car tourist,
was hauled from a freight train in
:he railroad yards. He didn't have
t registration card, but told federal
officers (hat he had registered at Can
ton, O., wherv he happened to be in
the course of his travels on registrar
tion day. He claimed he had lost his
registration card. He agreed to en
list, but when a United States mar
shal took him down to the regular
army recruiting -station the army men
declared in decided terms that they
didn't care for any men of Cyrus'
style of beauty as soldiers. So he is
being eW in the county jail awaiting
telegraphic advices from Canton as
to whethei he obeyed the draft law
and registered there;
Motano is Sunk by a
London, Aug. 1. The American
steamship Motano, of 2,730 tons gross,
was sunk by a Teuton submarine on
July 31. Twenty-two survivors have
New York, Aug. 1. The Motano
sailed from New York July 2 for
Cjueenstown, Ireland. The vessel was
in command of Captain L. S. Strat
ton and carried a crew of thirty-four
men, of whom fifteen claimed Ameri
can citizenship when signed on here
before the United States commis
sioner of shipping. The Motano was
built in 1890 at New Castle, England.
Among the Americans in the crew
was Arthur B. Hansen, mate, Bay
To Introduce Bread Cards
Into France Saturday
Paris, Aug. 1. Bread cards will be
introduced into France on Saturday.
The Journal Officiel, it is announced
today, will on that day publish a de
cree whereby each adult and family
head is to receive a card entitling
grown persons to 500 grams of
bread daily. Children under 7 years
will be allowed 300 grams. This ration
may be augmented by 200 grams if a
holder of a card furnishes sufficient
For Nebraska Fair; Warmer west
Temperature at Omaha Yesterday.
Hour. ' Deg
t a. m S9
( a. m 67
7 a. m 69
8 a. m .... 10
a. m 71
10a m. 75
11 a. m 79
12 m S3
1 p. m 82
2 p. m 84
3 p. m.... 85
4 p. m. 86
6 p. m 88
6 p. m 87
7 p. m 84
8 p. m 80
Comparative Local Record.
1917. 1116. 1915. 1914.
Highest yesterday .. 87 82 87 , 84
Lowest yesterday ... 67 69 71 67
Mean temperature . . 77 76 79 76
Precipitation 24 1.00 .23 .00
Tejmerature and precipitation departures
from the normal:
Normal temperature 76
Excess for the day 1
Total deficiency since March 1 132
Normal precipitation . 14 inch
Excess for the day ,. .10 inch
Total rainfall since March 1.. ..16.21 Inches
Deficiency since March 1.. 2.07 Inches
Deficiency for cor. period, 1916.. 7.75 Inches
Excess for cor. period, 1915.... .92 Inch
Report from Station at 1 P. M.
Station and Stat Temp. High- Haln-
of Weather. Jp.ra. est. fall.
Cheyenne, clear ....... 76 80 .00
Davenport, cloudy .... 82 86 .02
Denver, clear ......... 82 84 .00
Des Moines, clear ...... 82 86 .22
Dodire City, clear .... 82 ' 90 .00
I.an1er, clear 8C 88 .00
North Platte, clear ... 84 86 .00
Omaha, clear 84 87 .24
Pueblo, part cloudy.... 86 86 .00
Rapid City, celar ..... 61 86 .00
flult Lake City, clear... 84 88 .00
Kansas City, clear .... 86 88 .04
fheridan, clear 80 ' 84 .00
Chicago, part cloudy.. 82 88 .01
Valentine, clear ...... 84 8 .00
T Indicates tracs of precipitation.
L. A. WELSH, Meteorologist.
Evading Draft, Tells Exemp
THEY WILL CLAIM
Chairman Sundblad Says if All
Succeed in Evadinq Service
More ' Registered Men
Must Be Called.
Nearly 100 drafted men have been
examined by Douglas county exemp
tion boards, although examination
days proper will not begin until the
last of this week
Notices have been senjt out by
most of the exemption boards, calling
men for examinations on the fifth,
sixth and seventh days from the date
of mailing out the notifications.
Men who voluntarily appear before
exemption boards before the fifth
day, however, are examined.
Scores of men also have notified
boards they will file claim for exemp
Of the seventeen men examined by
the doctor of the Fourth district
board Monday, four failed to meet up
with physical requirements.
To Be Re-examined.
They will be re-examined by an
other physician, who does not know
the verdict of the first doctor's ex
amination. The other thirteen men examined
by the Fourth district board filed no
tice they will claim exemption on
grounds of dependents.
On this basis a lot more than
double the quota of each district will
have to be examined in order to sup
ply the national draft army with the
number of men expected from Doug
It does not look as u we got many
soldiers out of the first batch of men
we examined," averred Acting County
Judge Sundblad, chairman of the
Fourth district board.
Doctors Are Busy.
Examination for exemption in the
Fifth district is now being carried on
by special appointment with Rr. Rob-
err liollister. Dr. t. J. Frendergast
is second examiner for this district.
These examinations have been made
at night in the army building. Aboiit
thirty-five men have been examined,
of whom about one-sixth have been
Most of these have been rejected
because of underweight," said Dr.
Hollister. "One of the applicants was
E. J. Brandeis, who passed the ex
amination well. We will begin next
Monday to examine the whole list.
This will mean hard work, as we
must be through in about a week."
After the first physical examination,
(Continued on Pace Two, Column Four.)
Delayed Two- Weeks
Washington, Aug' 1. Delays in
preparing national guard mobiliza
tion camps, the War department
announced today, will postpone
their opening about two weeks.
Another Member of The Bee Family
Goes to Do His Bit for Uncle Sam
Samuel Slotky, a member of The
Bee editorial staff, has taken a
position with the navy and will leave
immediately for the Great Lakes
Naval Training station near Chicago.
Slotky, who is an Omaha boy, is
a graduate of the Omaha High school
and also holds a diploma from the
University of Omaha where he was
graduated in 1916. Since that time he
has been a member of The Bee staff.
Slotky is the only man in Omaha
who possesses a gold medal, awarded
to htm by the city council for his
valiant services during the Easter tor
nado which swept Omaha in 1913.
Slotky rushed to Fort Omaha on that
fatal day and advised Major Hartman,
who was in command there, of the
catastrophe. . ;
For this quick-minded work the
city council unanimously voted that
Slotky should be rewarded and at
a special session the presentation was
Mr. Slotky's work for the govern
ment at; the Great Lakes Naval Train
ing station will be of a publicity na
ture along the lines of his work here
Slotky is 23 years' old and formerly
resided at 211 South Twenty-first
street k ,
MAY DECIDE KAISER'S
' . Cii
Administration Control Bill,
Shorn of Features Opposed
by President, Ready for
(By Associated Pres.)
Washington, Aug. 1. The admin
istration food control bill, stripped erf
the features opposed by President
Wilson, was reported out of confer
ence today, just one month after the
date the president had hoped to see it
enacted into law.
Enactment some time next week
now is predicted.
House conferees will make their re
port tomorrow and favorable action
will be taken on it Friday.
Senate approval probably will fol
low early next week, although ex
tended debate is expected in the sen
ate, owing to elimination of senate
amendments providing for a congres
sional war expenditures committee
and a three-member food control
The deadlock conference was
broken by Senator Warren of Wyo
ming, republican, in agreeing to vote
with the democrats to strike out the
war expenditures committee amend
ment. Another Measure Proposed.
Senator Warren is understood to
have been influenced by a tacit under
standing that the senate rules com
mittee will report favorably and as a
separate measure a resolution to pro
vide for a joint congressional com
mittee on the conduct of the war, in
troduced by Senator Weeks of Mas
sachusetts. Whether this resolution
can be put through both houses is
problematical. 'Administration lead.
ers will wagea bitter' fight against it
Conferees from each house tonight
declared they had emerged from con
terence victorious. J. he result xt
sembled a draw. The senate conferees
sacrificed their jwar expenditures
committee and three-member food
control board amendments, while the
house conferees accepted greatly re
stricted pnce-hxing and control pro
visions, a $2 minimum for wheat and
a less drastic prohibition section.
Under the latter the manufacture of
distilled liquors would be prohibited
and the president given power to
limit the manufacture of light wines
and beers, if necessary, and to com
mandeer such distilled liquors in or
out of bond, as he may deem advis
able. Steps to finally enact the first ad
ministration food bill, proposing a na
tional food survey and containing
provisions to stimulate production,
were taken immediately after the
agreement on the control legislation.
The conferees agreed to meet tomor
row, when it is expected their differ
ences will be adjusted. The measure
has been held in conference since
June 2, because of the desire of ad
ministration leaders to secure action
upon the control bill.
8,500 Trainmen on S. P. Road
Vote to Strike Saturday
San Francisco, Aug. ' 1. Eight
thousand five hundred trainmen of the
Southern Pacific company have voted
to go on a strike next Saturday night
unless grievance claims against the
railroad company are settled, it be
came known here today.
Fletcher Back in Mexican
Capital After Visit to States
Mexico City, Aug. 1. Henry P.
Fletcher, the American ambassador
to Mexico, returned here late last
night from his visit to the United
TEST BATTLE OF WAR
Iowa Pastor Charged
With Preaching Treason
Cedar Rapids, la., Aug. 1. Rev.
John Reichart, pastor of the German
Evangelical church at Lowden, la.,
was held to the federal grand jury
in $5,000 bond at a hearing last
night. He is charged with preaching
treasonable sermons from his pulpit.
He gave bond.
Upper House Willing That Pro
hibition Amendment Ques
tion Be Submitted to
(By Associated Tress.)
Washington, Aug. 1. A resolution
for submission to the states of a pro
hibition amendment to the federal
constitution was adopted late today
by the senate. The vote was 65 to
20, eight more than the necessary
As adopted the resolution contains
a provision that the states must be
asked to ratify the amendment with
six years. The house still must act
on the resolution.
Senators opposing the resolution
were: . s
Lewis Underwood 11.
Penrose 'Weeks (.
Total against, 20.
Senators voting for the resolution
were: . . .v
Smith of Oa.
Smith of 8. C.
Ho II Is Ransdell
Jones of N. M. Robinson
Johnson of Cal. Norrls
Jones of Wash. Page
Smith of Mich.
Watson 2 .
Total for. 65.
Russ Soldiers Fire On Sailors
After Capture of Enemy Trench
Petrograd, Aug. 1. Premier and
Minister of War Kerensky has re
turned from the front.
A "battalion of death," consisting
of 300 reval sailors, forced four lines
of enemy trenches on the western
front, instead of two, as had been
ordered. They then asked for rein
forcements in order to consolidate the
captured positions. Instead of re
inforcing them, however, the soldiers
fired on the sailors, who between two
fires began to retire. Only fifteen of
the men'' escaped unwounded.
I he commander of the force died
as the result of thirteen wounds, and
a sub-lieutenant and two midshipmen
shot themselves rather than retreat.
U. S. Soldier Is Killed
In Quarrel Over Card Game
(By Associated Press.)
American Training camp in France.
Aug. 1. Major General John J. Per
shing arrived today at the American
training camp and inspected the
troops. The third death in the cair.p
occurred last night when one soldier
kicked another in the stomach in a
quarrel over a game of cards. The vic
tim died later and his assailant was
Proposed Beer Tax Will
Close Thousand Saloons
St. Louis, Aug. 1. St. Louis brewers
today said that a thousand saloons
in Missouri would go out of business
if a tax of $3.50 is placed on beer as
planned by the senate finance com
mittee. They declare that under the
proposed tax it would be impossible
to sell beer at 5 cents a glass.
RIBOT MAKES HOT
REPLY TO SPEECH
He Says Michaelis' Statement
About Secret Treaty Full of
. Gross Inaccuracies and
Paris, Aug. l.Prcmier Ribot re
plied in the chamber yesterday to the
declaration made Saturday by Dr.
Michaelis, the German chancellor, that
there was a secret treaty between
France and Russia, having in view
plans of conquest.
Premier Ribot, after saying he was
convinced that Spain would apply the
decree interning the German subma
rine which anchored in the harbor
of Corunna Monday evening, said:
"I wish to reply to the singular
speech which Mr. Michaelis thought
fit to invite the Berlin journalists
to hear. The German chancellor pub
licly commanded the French govern
ment to declare whether in a secret
sitting June 1, the French government
had not made known to the Cham
ber of Deputies the terms of a se
cret treaty made before the Russian
revolution, whereby the emperor
bound himself to support French pre
tensions to Germany territory on the
left bank of the Rhine.
Inaccuracies and Lies.
"The chancellor's version contains
gross inaccuracies and absolute lies,
notably regarding the role he attrib
utes to the president of the republic
in giving an order to sign a treaty
unknown to . Premier Briand. The
chambers know how things passed.
M. Doumergue (ex-premier and for
eign minister), after a conversation
W$J .t!j$sempefor,.demanded atid 0D.
tam$4 U, mrand a authorization to
talit note of the emoeror's oromise
tr support cur claim to Alsace-Lor
raine and to leave us free to seek
guarantees against fresh aggression,
not oy annexing territories on the
left bank of the Rhine, but making an
autonomous state of these territories
which would protect us and also Bel
gium against invasion.
We have never thought to do
what Bismarck did in 1871. We are
therefore entitled to deny the allega
tion of the chancellor, who evidently
knows of the letters exchanged in
February, 1917, at Petrograd and falsi
fied since, as his , most illustrious
predecessor falsified the Ems dis
patch. Whenever the Russian gov
ernment is willing to publish these
letters we have no objection.
Michaelis Also Ignores Facts.
"The chancellor refrained from
speaking about my declaration, March
21, wherein I repudiated in France's
name any policy of conquest and an
nexation by force. He has willfully
forgotten my language, May 22, in
the chamber, saying we were ready
to enter into conversation with Rus
sia as to the object of the war, and
if the German people, whose right
to live and . develop peacefully we
do not contest, understood that we
wished peace founded on the right of
people, the conclusion of peacj would
thereby be singularly facilitated.
"Finally, the chancellor passed
over in silence the resolution unani
mously voted after the June secret
Reads Anti-Conquest Resolution.
Here Premier Ribot read from his
speech in the chamber warning
against those who wished to spread
the conviction that France was seek
ing conquest and read the terms of
the resolution adopted by the cham
ber at that time declaring that neace
conditions must include the liberation
of territories occupied by Germany,
the return of Alsace-Lorraine to
France and just reparation for dam
age done in the invaded regions. The
resolutions also favored the creation
of a league of nations for the main
tenance of peace.
Too Crude to Deceive Anyone.
"Who now dare say to the world
that we wish annexation?" continued
Premier Ribot. "Such maneuvers are
too crude to deceive anyone, especial
ly the democratic masses of the Rus
sian people, who it is vainly being
tried to separate from their allies by
deceiving them as to the true senti
ments of French democracy. What is
the chancellor seeking? He is trying
to hide the embarrassment which he
feels in defining Germany's objects
(Continued an Pag-a Two, Column Four.)
"Dandy Sixth" Ready
For Mobilization Order
Mobilization of the Sixth Ne
braska infantry is expected to start
at any moment. There are six
companies already in Omaha mark
ing time and anxious to start drill
ing. The band is rehearsing twice
daily and all is ready for the call.
The companies out in the state
can start on short notice.
A special dispatch to The Bee
from Lincoln said the "Dandy
Sixth" has been approved by the
War department and will be mus
tered in at once. It is not known
whether the Sixth will be sent to
Fort Crook or directly to Deming.
The regiment is almost full, lacking
on an average but" twelve men to
a eomoany to make the quota.
TEN TOWNS IN
FIRST DAY OF BIG DRIVE
French and British Forces Advance Two and Half Miles
On Wide Front and Take 3,500 German Prison
ers; Desperate Counter Attacks Are
London, Aug. 1. Telegraphing from the British army
headquarters in France and Belgium this afternoon, the corre
spondent of Reuters Limited says:
"The rain has almost ceased. The sky has grown per
ceptibly lighter and the guns are beginning to bark again in
Both British and French gained further ground in the fight
ing in the Ypres sector today, but the Germans by heavy coun
ter attacks, succeeded in recapturing the village of St Julien
and part of the village of West Hoek. According to the official
report from British headquarters tonight, the number of Ger
mans made prisoners exceeds
(Associated Press War Summary)
With a wide stretch of territory and more than 3,500 pris
oners in their hands as the result of the first day's fighting in
their new offensive, the British and French troops in Flanders
spent last night consolidating their sains and reDulsinsr the in
evitable German counter attacks.
The new line, which along
is from two to two and one-half miles in advance of the old and
includes ten captured towns within its limits, has been firmly
held along the entire front
The consolidation process
rential rain which is hampering
The extent of the permanent advantage gamed by the
front will have to be Judged by further developments., .
vcuuiie uujevtivo we nB&igncu tne various aiiiea units
for attainment in the first day's stroke, and these appear to
have been gained almost in their entirety.
The logical supposition with the history of the Somme and
Arras operations, particularly the former, in mind is that the
WAR OF DEFENSE,
Emperor William, in Proclama
tion to Teutonic People,
Disclaims Schemes of
(lljr Associated I'rrM.)
Copenhagen, Aug. 1. Emperor
William today issued the following
proclamation to the German people:
"To the German people: Three
years of hard fighting are behind us.
With grief we remember our dead,
with pride our soldiers, now fighting,
with confidence all our workers and
with a heavv heart those who ari
languishing in captivity, but above all
our thoughts stand resolute in the
determination to prosecute this
righteous war of defense to a success
"The enemy is stretching out his
hands toward German territory, but
he shall never have it. New nations
continue to enter into the war against
us, dui tnat noes not tnghten us. We
know our strength and we are de
termined to make use of it. Thev wish
to see us weak and powerless at their
leet, Dut they shall not prevail
Allies Scorn Peace.
"They received disdainfully our
words of peace; they did not know
how Germany could ficht. Thrmiah.
out the world they have slandered
tne uerman name, but thev cannot
extinguish the glory of German deeds.
'Thus we stand erect at the close
of this year, unmovable. vir.tnrimia
Uur trials mav still await n lnt
shall meet them with a grave mien
and full of faith. Throughout the
three years' achievement the mighty
German people has become firm in
its resistance against all that the
power of the enemy can conceive.
"If the enemy wishes to prolong
the sufferings of war they will weigh
more heavily upon him than upon us.
Should Show Gratitude.
"For that which has been accom
plished on the front let us at home
show our gratitude by tireless toil.
We must still continue to fight and
to furnish arms for it. But our peo
ple may rest assured that German
blood and German zeal are not being
gambled with for an empty shadow of
ambition or schemes of conquest and
subjugation, but in defense of a strong
free empire, in which our children
may live in security.
"Let all our actions and all our
thoughts be devoted to this fight. Let
this be our solemn promise of this
day, August 1, 1917.
"WILLIAM, I. R."
Cotton Crop Estimated at
70.3 Per Cent of Normal
Washington, Aug. 1. This year's
cotton crop was forecast today at
the neater part of its stretch
is being carried out under a tor
drive will be renewed as soon as the
heavy guns are moved up, in pursuit
of the plan of driving a wedge into
the German lines by successive
strokes until a point is reached when
the falling back of the enemy on i
wide front will be forced.
The importance to be attached to
a drive into German-held territory in
this sector must be gauged not only
by the reclaiming of Belgian soil
from the invaders, which it makes
possible, but the threat it offers to the
German submarine bases along the
Belgian coast. A push much further
eastward along the present line of ad
vance will be bound to shake the se
curity oi tne uerman coast line.
German Line Badly Bent
The desperation of the German re
sistance, n'ow manifesting itself in
furious counter attacks, bears witness
to the importance the German high
command attaches to retention of the
present front. This front has been
shown to be not the rigid one the
Teutonic claims have made it out.
Badly bent by, yesterday's attack the
immediate future is likely to show
whether it can be strained to the
Advices from the allied capitals
point to the expectation of the battle
opened yesterday continuing for
weeks, if not months. The French
troops evidently were not brought
up to the Belgian front, away from
their former field of operations for
any brief effort ai arms.
On the French front the Germans
went on this morning with an op
eration they had been preparing m
the Verdun region, launching an as
sault between Avocourt and Hill
304, northwest of the citadel, in an
effort to regain the positions they
lost July 17. Only a few advanced
elements of the French line, how
ever, were reached by the crown
princes forces, the French fire stop
ping them short there.
Position Changes Hands,
British Front in France and Bel
gium, Aug. 1. The section of the de
fenses on the Warneton-Gapaard
road, which was taken by the Brit
ish, was the scene of heavy fighting
and the Germans succeeded in taking -it.
The British, .however, delivered a
strong attack and again drove the
enemy out, after sanguinary fighting.
Just to the north of the Ypres
Comines canal the Germans also
launched a counter attack, but were
hurled back By the defending troops.
German prisoners continue to ar
rive in large numbers, and while it
has not yet been possible for the mili
tary to make a count, it is known that
they run well into the thousands.
Boche's Cover Ground.
The reconquered territory about
the Ypres salient has yielded its de
tails of the awful effect of the British
artillery fire. The German bodies lay
thick in many places and in instances ",
too numerous to escape comment
fully accoutred soldiers ware found
turned away frohi the direction of the
British attack, indicating that they
were retiring when struck down.
Large numbers of the dead were
mere youths who looked as though
they might recently have come from
the school room, for they were slight
of build and physically unfitted to
bear the strain of war.
Most expressive was the comment
Continued on F( Two, Column Tw
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