Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, June 15, 1917, Image 1

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    The Omaha Daily Bee
Fair; Warmer
VOL. XL VI. NO. 310,
Single copy two cents.
President in Hag Day Address Says Stars and Stripes
Are Going to Foreign Lands for Purpose as Old
as American Traditions.
. Washington, June 14.
sembled here today for a Flag day celebration, President
Wilson declared anew the aims and purposes of the United
States in entering the world
Standing in the shadow
ed to the memory of George
told thousands gathered on the grassy slopes that the
United States has entered the war, not alone to keep the
world safe for democracy, but also because the "extraor
dinary insults and aggressions of the imperial German
government left us no choice but to take up arms in de
fense of our rights as a free people and of our honor as a
sovereign government
The Stars and Stripes are
president said, for a purpose
"For us there is but one
"We have made it Woe be
that seeks to stand in our way
when every principle we hold dear-'f
est is to be vindicated and made se
cure or the salvation of nations.
"We are ready to plead at the bar
of history and our flag Shall wear a
new luster. Once more we shall make
good with our lives and fortunes the
great faith to which we were born
and new glory shall shine In the
face of our people."
President Wilson warned against
permitting Germany to end the war
now by an "intrigue of peace" while
its aggressions were secure.
' All the central empires, the presi
dent declared, have beben cemented
into one great autocracy-ridden em
pire, "throwing a broad belt of Ger
man military power and political con
trol across the very center of Eu
rope and beyond the Mediterranean
into the heart of Asia." "This
achieved." he said, "it is easy to un
derstand why Germany is fostering a
propaganda for an early peace.
Why Kaiser Wants Peace
"Peace, peace, peace has been the
talk of its foreign office for now a
i vear and more." said the president.
"A little of the talk has been public,
but most of it has keen private.
Through all sorts of channels it has
come to me and in all sorts of guises.
The military masters, under whom
Germany is bleeding, see very clearly
t what point fate has broSght them.
If they can secure peace now with the
immense advantages still in their
hands which they have up to this point
apparently gained they will have jus-
tined themselves betore the Uerman
people; they will have gained by force
what they promised to gain by it."
The president recited again the Ger
man aggressions which drove tnc
United States to war. He declared
the purposes for which American sol
diers now carry the stars and stripes
to Europe for the first time in Jiis
tory are not new to American tra
ditions, because realization of Ger
many's wtr aims must eventually
mean the undoing of the whole world.
Text of Address.
He spoke in full as follows:
"My fellow citizens: We choose
to celebrate Flag day because this flag
which we honor and under which we
serve is the emblem of our unity,
our power, our thought and urpose
as a, nation. It has iu other character
than tkat which we give it from gen
eration to generation. The choices
are ours. It floats in . ij.stic silence
(Continued on Tage Three, Column One.)
Vancouver and Victoria , -Traction
Lines Tied Up
Vancouver, B. C, June 14. Eight
hundred strikers on the British Co
lumbia Traction company's lines in
Vancouver were joined today by the
500 men employed bythe same com
pany in Victoria and not one car is
operating in either city. The company
says it unable to grant the demands
tor higher wages because the com
pany has been losing money on ac
count of the qompetition.of the motor
buses. Both men and company de
mand that the latter conveyances be
removed from the streets.
Fifty Are Killed by
Explosion in Factory
London, June 14. Fifty persons
were killed and many were injured
by an explosion at Ashton-Under-Lrne,
Andrew Bonar Law, chancellor
of the Exchequer, announceu in the
House of Commons today. Ashton-Under-Lyne
is a manufacturing town
near Manchester.
AU German Planes Return
Safely, Says Berlin
( Berlin, June 14. (Via London.)
"A fleet o four large airplanes," says
today's German official statement,,
"yesterday bombarded the fort of
London. All our airplanes returned
unharmed. One English airman," the
announcement says, "fell down over
the Thames."
Before a great audience as
of the great monument erect
Washington, the president
going to a strange land, the
as old as American traditions.
choice," said the president
to the man or group of men
in this day of high resolution
Teutons Abandon Area Two
Square Miles in Extent
to the Southwest
' of Warneton.
(Associated Preii War Summary.)
.The German line in Belgium is
crumbling under the British offensive
there. Evidence of this appears today
in the announcement by London of a
German retreat on a front of approx
imately two miles in the area south
west of Warneton.
After wiping out the Messines
Wytschaete salient in the crushing
attack last week General Plumer con
tinued attacking the Germans from
time to time east of Messines and
gained additional ground there.
Further south tile British also have
exerted pressure upon General Von
Arnim's lines.
Having lost the last of the com
manding artillery and observation po
sitions m this region when the Mes
sines ridge fell into British hands, the
Germans arc finding the pressure at
some places beyond their ability to
meet. One of the first results has
been the abandonment of important
sections of their first line between the
River Lys and St. Yves.
General Haig announces that the
British are following the Germans
cljsely and are moving forward east
of Ploegsteert wood and in the neigh
borhood of Gaspard village.
On the French front conditions re
main comparatively quiet. Last night
the Germans, after bombardments, at
tacked French posts in the Aisne re
gion and northwest of Verdun. The
French easily repulsed these assaults.
German Horses Will
Be Put on Rations
Amsterdam. Tune 14. (Via Lon
don.) Horses will be put on oats ra
tions in Germany from June lb. ac
cording to an ordinance issued in Ber
lin, varying from on and a half to
the three pounds daily. An agitation
has been going on for the abandon
ment of horse racing in Germany
during war time, but the authon'ies,
the papers say, have decided other
wise on the ground that all the bel
ligerents are continuing racing or
have resumed the sport.
Charge Four With Firing
On Virginia Guardsmen
Roanoke, Ya June 14. Four per
sons, wto men and .two women have
been arrested by detectives and de
partment of justice operatives at Bull
Mountain between Coeburn and Nor
ton, charged with firing at members
of the Second Virginia regiment on
guard duty in that section, it was an
nounced today. Several narrow" es
capes from sniping have been report
d since the arrest of W. V. McCoy
and J. W. Phip'ps, May 27 orl a con
spiracy charge.
Reign of Terror "Reported
In Separate Russ Republic
London, June 14. A Petrograd dis
patch to the Mail says that there
seems to be a leign of terror in Tsar
'tsyn, where a senarate republic has
been declared Tsaritsyn is a great
railroad center and an important
point for traffic on the Volga river
Separate repulbics also have, been
declared at Kherson and Kirnanova,
but the situation is sajd not to be
serious at either place
Colonel Roosevelt in Omaha ,
On His Way to State Capital
''' '
Former President Theodore
ton passenger station, where
Great Crowd of Nebraskans in
Tumult of Fervor for Country
and Flag as Former Presi
dent Gives Address.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
Lincoln, June 14. (Special.) How
many people were in Lincoln to meet
ex-President Theodore Roosevelt to.
day no one was able to say definitely.
The streets were jammed. It was the
climax of the semi-centennial cele
bration of Nebraska's admission as a
Escorted by the Nebraska National
Guard, several bands, veterans of for
mer wars and the Semi-Centennial
committee a parade marched through
the principal streets.
Representatives of foreign nations
were also in line, while the University
band. Nebraska State band. Green's
Omaha band1 were among those that
Shouts of Welcome.
Never has such a wave of patriot
ism been seen in the Capital City. The
presence of the typical American citi
zen seemed to inspire everybody with
a degree of enthusiasm which found
vent in shouts of welcome which ap
peared to fill the colonel with a great
deal of satisfaction.
Veterans of the civil war and othe"
wars were given seats in front of 'he
platform immediately below the
speakers' platform on the capitol
The parade reached the capitol at
2:45, a half hour ahead of the sched
ule and Colonel Roosevelt walked
from the Fifteenth street entrance to
the stand through an aisle packed
each side with a mass of shouting
humanity ar.d "midst the bombs
bursting in air," from which flags
were sent floating hundreds of feet
above the crowds.
Greets Pershing's on.
The first individual iith whom
Colonel Roosevelt shook hands was
Warren Pershing, the 6-year-old son
of General Pershing, commanding the
American forces in France.
"I am glad to greet you, my boy,"
said the. colonel, as he grasped the
boy's hand in both of his, "and my
(Continued an Pago Tm,. Colama Four.)
Roosevelt and Victor Rosewater photographed at Burlins
the reception committee met the
Big Bond Drive Enters Into
Home Stretch With Indica
tionsfhat It Will Go Over
$2,000,000,000 Mark.
Luther Drake, president of the
Omaha Clearing house association,
said after a meeting of the associa
tion, if interest in buying Liberty
bonds keeps up in Omaha as it ha'j
during the last two days of the big
drive, Omaha citizens by Saturday
will have subscribed for $8,000,000
in bonds. Totals were not available
last night either for Omaha or Ne
braska. Washington, June 14. The Liberty
loan campaign entered the h6me
stretch ' today with every indication
that the tremendous thirty-day drive
throughout the nation woudl result in
going well beyond the $2,000,000,000
From coast to coast the story that
poured into the treasury all day was
the same, a story of a whirlwind fin
ish. Telegrams told of tolling bells
and shrieking whistles .vross the con
tinent, marking the last day of the
campaign, of redoubled e.Torts by the
many agencies at work for the loan's
success, of enthusiasm at its highest
pitch, of long waiting lines oi sub
scribers in thousands of banks is
every state of the union.
Liberty Bell is Rung.
The Liberty bell was rung again.
the first time in years, at Philatkl-'
phia, its reverberations being carried
from coast to coast by the aid of the
telegraph. Where Patrick Henry
stood when he uttered hit immortal
(Continued on Pace Three, Column Two.)
One Killed in Million
Dollar Fire in New York
New York. June 14. One man
dead, one missing, thirteen badly in
jured and a property loss of Si. 000..
000 resulted from the fire and explo
sion last night at the American sugar
Refining company's plant in Brook
lyn, it was announced today.
Several investigations have been
begun to determine the cause of the
explosion. The company has large
orders for the entente allies.
colonel and his party.
Business Men Amused at the
Efforts of the World-Herald
to Shift the Re- .
sponsibility. v
Omaha business men are amused at
a story in the World-Herald that
gives W. J. Leahy, passenger agent
of the Iowa district for the Rock
Island, credit for landing one of the
army cantonments in Des Moines.
While they are amused at the story
they arc indignant over the fact that
Senator Hitchcock, owner and pub
lisher of the World-Herald, failed to
raise his voice to protest the location
or raise a hand to secure the canton
ment in the vicinity of Omaha, al
though the senator is a member of the
military committee.
Mr. Leahy is not only .1 agent c
the Rock Island, but he is a member
of the federal board that inspected
cantonment sites that were .offered
by different cities and subsequently
recommended their acceptance.
Omaha Presets Case.
Omaha was in ti.e race for one of
thv' cantonments, and that its claims
might be creditably presented a meet
ing of civic organizations was held.
At that meeting Charles C. George,
Randall K. Brown and H. F. Myers
were appointed a committee to pre
pare and present what was known as
the "Omaha brief." These men se
cured the data, showing the land
available in the vicinity of Fort
Crook, its adaptability for army train
ing purposes, the railroad facilies of
Omaha, the street railway lines be
tween Fort Crook and the cjty and
the many other advantages that might
accrue to the government bv the lo
cation of a cantonment here.
The brief was presented to the fed
eral board and Omaha business men
and others felt pretty certain that this
city would be named as one of the
points at which a cantonment would
be located. But, according to the
business men of the city, there was
other w rk to be done' and not a hand
was raised to do the work.
I" Hitchrnrk mj T.nhrlr Mt9
After the local committee had pre
sented the "Omaha brief" and done
everything n. its
power to secure
(CantlMMd on Thrw, Columa Four.)
Mrs. Maloney, from Her Seat in Gallery, Calls Sutton Liar
When Detective's Testimony is Being Heard;
Investigation Furnishes Thrills for Large
Crowd Present
Captain Steve Maloney, under charges before the city
council, injected a dramatic situation during the morning ses
sion by pointing to Superintendent Kugel and referring to him
as "that dirty rat!"
Maloney reiterated the words and added embellishments
not allowable in public print.
Prom her seat in the council chamber gallery Mrs. Ma
loney added another thrill by calling the lie on Detective Paul
Sutton, who was testifying at the time. A
Both situations brought a solemn huth over the crowd,
which was expecting something more.
"Sutton and that dirty rat," pointing his finger directly at
Kugel, "framed this up," exclaimed Maloney. Ku gel's face
Sutton's testimony which aroused the outbreak related to
the case of a man whose name was given as Mayfield. The wit
ness stated that Pipkin arrested
Douglas County to Pay, Twelve
Per CenJr-oi-AH Taxes in
' "': the State if Boost
Douglas county, which ' means
Creater Omaha, will pay 12 per cent
of all taxes in the state this year, if
thi , wholesale and enormous boosts
in assessments made by County As
sessor Fitzgerald go through, accord'
ine to County Clerk Dewey, a mem
ber of the County Board of Equaliza
tion, now sitting.
Indi-iant taxoavers are swarming
into tue equalization board s cham
bers and standing in line to await
their turn to protest against the
raises, as first related exclusively in
The Bee.
More than 5,000 notices were sent
out to business houses, manufactur
ers, private individuals, in fact, every
class of taxpayers, notifying them
their assessments were boosted, some
several thousand, per cent.
Only a Few Passed.
The boosts total millions. In two
days the equalization board has
passed on only eighty-two protests,
representing for . the most part,
smaller amounts.
The majority of these eighty-two
protests were compromised on, the
county assessor's raises holding in
only a few cases.
Membcrsof the equalization board,
composed of the county commission
ers, the county clerk and the county
assessor, believe it will be possible
to hear only a small per cent of the
protests in the twenty days provided
by law for th . board to sit.
Under New Law.
This is the first year that the burden
of hearing protests on raises has been
? laced upon the Equalization board
n former years assessors, when they
thought returned schedules were too
low, called hi taxpayers and endeavor
ed to reach a fair compromise before
the Equalization hoard met.
County Assessor Fitzgerald had the
notices of boosts prepared in advance,
but waited until the eve of the meet
ing of the Equalization board before
sending them out. Taxpayers had no
alternative but to appear before the
A representative of a big implement
house, raised from $40,000 to $100,000,
appeared before the board and said he
was willing his schedule should be
raised to $80,000, providing others in
the same line of business were equal
ized on the same basis.
Percent County Pays.
The following table, prepared by
County Clerk Dewey, shows the as
sessed valuation of the state and
Douglas county and the percent the
county bears to the balance of the
state, from 1906 to 1916, inclusive:
aluntion or Valuation of P. C.
uoukIhm County D. Co.
I'M ....1313,06(1,301 330,633,068 9.78
1007 .... 22f.4K.li4S 32.616.25S 9.87
1108 .... 39(,731.4 14,587.913 1.82
1909 .... 398.985,819 36,768,843 8.98
1910 .... 412.138,607 37.696.864 9 14
1911 .... 416.670,07: 40,283,313 9.88
1913 .... 46J.371.8SI 44,417,079 9.69
191 470,690,414 46,829,116 8.73
1914 .... 471.940,191 46,767,081 9.90
1915 .... 481. 931, 338 48,104.884 9.98
191S .... 600,127.3 4 11,514,446 10.38
"If the of the state paid its
just amount of taxes, in proportion to
what Douglas county pays, taxes
wouldn't be so high here," said Mr.
"If Douglas county is raised, for in
stance, $5,000,000, the balance of the
state ought to be raised $50,000,000,
but they won't 'kick in.'"
Mayfield here and the prisoner
(?was returned to Kansas City, where
I , i . . i .,! . : ...
he it supposed to be st this time. Sut
ton said he had sent s man to Kansas
City to get definite information on
the case, admitting that his4nform
tion thus far had been imparted to
him by others and had not been
checked np.
He left the impression that the su
tombile said to have been stolen by
Mayfield was 'turned over to Ma
loney and that an effort to determine
whether Maloney had purchased a
mschln of that make from the local
dealer had been -futile.
"We could get information retard-'
ii.jt any other person from the local
agency of this kind of automobile, but
were told it was none . our business
when we inquired about Malontj." -said
Mayfield was connected with the
London hotel, whicfi Sutton, previ
ously in his testimony, referred to as
a place where automobile thieves were
said to have stayed.
"That is a lie," shouted Mrs. Ma-'
loney from the balcony. "It is an
awful lie. I have the receipt for that
automobile. It cost $1,400. It Was
a Christmas gift to me. I cannot sit
here and listen to such lies told with
out saying something. You can ask
Mr. Foley of the Cadillac agency
about this automobile. I even spoke
to Mr. Kugel before we bought the
Whereupon it was decided to sum
mon Thomas Foley regarding the
sale of the automobile to Maloney.
The hearing was attended by a
crowd of snxious listeners who
craned their necks when the cross
fire of questions and answers grew
acrimonious. Mayor Dahlman an
nounced that alt-day sessions will be
gin Friday morning at 9 o'clock. If
all witnesses whose names have been
furnished to the city clerk for sum
mons are -ailed the hearing will run
well into next week.
Detective Sutton was on the stand
nearly all morning. The only other
witness called was Officer Sanko who
was questioned but a few minutes. "
Echoes of the Chadron affair re
verberated frequently through the
council chamber, much of Sutton's
testimony being a repetition of what
he said at the Dawes county prelim
inary hearing. He attempted to show
that Maloney has been interested in
a hog-feeding ranch at Fiftv-sixth
and Center streets and that in arrests
of garbage haulers Maloney s hog
ranch was favored. This informa-
(rjontlDttcd on Fata Five, Oilnmn One.)
Big Sum in Gold Will Be
Released by New Law
Washington. June 14. More than
$350,000,000 in gold will be made
available for war use by reductions in
gold reserve requirements of the Fed
eral rserve banking system by amend
ments to the Banking laws as accept
ed today by the house.
The senate is expected to" act favor--'
ably, -The federal reserve board will
have power to regulate exchange
charges by non member banks.
The chairman of the banking com
mittee told the house that a lobby of
twenty-five bankers with headquar
ters here had been "winning and din
ing representatives in an effort to ob
tain their support for a flat exchange
San Salvador Shaken by
More Earthquake Shocks
San Salvador, Republic of Salva
dor, June 14. Several earthquake
shocks of varying intensity were felt
here yesterday and today, but no
dJfriage has been reported.
The various relief committees are
distributing provisions to the desti
tute and shelters are being built to .
house the thousands of homeless who
at present are encamped in the
streets. The wounded are being at
tended bv the Red Cross. Several
bodies have been recovred at Armenia
and Quezaltepec.