Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 19, 1917)
THE BEE: OMAHA, SATURDAY, MAY 19, 191T. ,
The Omaha Bee
DAILY (M0RN1NO-EVENING SUNDAY
FOUNDED BY EDWARD R.OSEWATEK
VICTOR ROSEWATER, EDITOR
THB BE! PUBLISH MO COMPANY. PROPRIETOR. .
EBtwtd at Owsha poatoffica as semd-class msttar.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
B Carrlar. B, Hill.
Call, w4 Sa6a pa, moBik. saa par raar, la m
Dukp anlpjOU Bond, " 4 4 00
toanlBf wd Stwda .... 4to t.W
aaaln, altaont laalar tfla 4.M
uadss Saa oolp - JOs " l
Daltt and tiadap Baa, Una nan U adraixpa 110
SaoS euea ot caaosa or addraaa or tmtuiarllp la dallrarf to Ootaas
Baa, CaKHlaUoa DapartaMal
Banll kr draft, annas sr ponal ordar. Onlp I -pan! auain UM M
pioacl ef small aoeowiu. Paraoeal aback, auapt oo Omasa and
aatara aaeBaara, aoi accaptad.
ftiaka Tbs Bid Bolldlna. ( Bioun Panpla-a lu BulldUl.
acuta Omaha ml N at. Nw Tnrt rifts in.
OuaoU Bluffa ! 14. Uala It Bt. Louta New B'k. of Omnarea.
laaoote UtUa Bulldlna. Waibtoiu-71S lits St N. w.
Addrdal aneaaMleatlwia ralauni lo aaaa wd tdJURlsl nattst to
Oaa&a Baa, Editorial DaparUMaL
56,260 Daily Sunday, 51,144
iTirari atioolaune rat Uia Banll nbientdd lad avon 10 bp DUU
WiUlaaUk, OnulaUOB Maaasar.
Sukacrftara la.iaf tka ally ahoulal aav. Tha Baa mallad
kddraaa caaarsa aa aiiaaa mm Tmiwwm.
Today eloief our Red Cross week! Make it
I good one. ' .
. The senatorial score of "wilfull men" under,
goes a downward revision.
Senator Stone finds little comfort in the go
bga on at Washington thce days.
Pi Rourke'a spring drive ia of the aort that
If kept up bringi home the pennant in the fall,
Talk of lS-eent bread loavea with wheat on the
toboggan auggeatt unwavering zeal for the dough
Still, the appearance of reliable pinch hitter
la ample juitifkation for an outburat of London
The big puih launched by Italy emphaia
once more the auperior charms of the Tyrolean
Alpa aa a aummer retort. "
Nebrnka'a Guard regimenta are due to go
with the firat block into the new army. And they
kr ready for the tramition, too.
Bakera will please not lose aight of the fact
" that it Is the aite of the loaf aa much ai the price
' the public ia interested in just now.
Socially and municipally it goea without saying
(hat Florence and Benion win the bridal blue rib
bon! In the June competition. All othera are mere
Grain exchange managers wisely shut d.iwn on
speculation of their own accord). Prompt acti in
may delay il It doea not avert the blow of the of
Demolition of aubstantial building only a" few
years old lo make way for more important struc-
tures is a pretty good evidence that Omaha really
lias become t city. '
One of the delights of life nowadays Is to
watch the tender shoots of planted things poke
their heads up into the night and air, t promise
pi plenty to eat by and by.
Ia th competition for the Iron cross between
Nebraska senatora, it must be evident to the im
partial referee that the junior senator his much
gh best of It on consistency points.
Owing to circumatancea beyond control,
Fourth Of July orators will kindly work the soft
(edal and forget the Fourth, George and his
tribes. Remember, they are dead onea.
A tumble of $1.40 a barrel In the price of
flour la notable chiefly aa a reverse novelty, but,
unless the dime loaf swells with pride and fiaft,
ihe.recesslon becomes a mere market Incident,
The battle for freedom of the aeaa moves for
yard vigorously. With American and Japanese
scouts eeconding British and French naval talent,
aubseas will be lucky if (hey escape "Davy Jones'
French residents, of the conquered provinces
protest against peace unless Alsace and Lorraine
are restored to France. Forty yeara' experience
with "blood and iron" rule makea death and deso
lation preferable to continuance. ' ,
Omaha Aa An Army Mobilization Point.
Omaha ought by all means to be selected for
one of the training camps from which the new
army of conscripts is to be whipped into shape for
fighting service. The district to which Nebraska
is assigned includes also the two Dakotas, Minne
sota and Iowa and with the officers' reserve corps
assembled for drill at Fort Snelling, just outside
of St. Paul and Minneapolis, it leaves only two im
portant army post centers for consideration,
namely, those at Omaha and at Des Moines, and
if it narrows down to such a choice, as seems like
ly, what Omaha has to offer should appeal1 con
vincingly to the military authorities charged with
making the decision. This is not a question of
satisfying rival claims or recognition on the score
of relative patriotism, but of best accommoda
tions, easiest access and effective results. .
The army chiefs heed not be reminded that
Omaha has the equipment of two military posts
Fort Crook and Fort Omaha ready to hand, a
quartermaster's aupply warehouse and facilities
and also an army headquarters building and could
take care of the men with very little additional
barracks construction. They know that as the
converging point of all the, big railway systems of
the section, the men can be gotten in here and
out conveniently and quickly without overtaxing
the means of transportation. They know, too, that
by virtue of the same situation they can here best
assemble the food and supplies and all other main
Every factor of economy and efficiency in
mobilization points to Omaha as the logical place
for the training of the soldiers. ,
War Takea on a New Phase.
The presence in English and French waters
of Yaflkee and Japanese warships, bent on taking
up part of the work carried on so far by the Brit
ish and French navies, gives a ruddier tinge to the
fire of war. It shows these nations are, allies in
fact as well as in name. To the people who have
been so sorely tried in the deluge of destruction
these newcomers bring a proof that the sacrifices
made by brave men and women in the combat
against autocratic oppression has not been in
vain, To the war lords of Prussia the message
must be that opposed to them is such a union of
forces as they could not have reckoned on in the
beginning and against which they will not make
headway. Moreover, it is reasonable to look for
more or real activity in the war at sea -now, for
the dash and initiative of American and Japan
ese sailors will not be wasted in mere watching.
The men who have written the history of navies
for the last half century may be depended upon to
add some new chapters to its annals. A new phase
of the conflict is now opening.
Secretary of War Baker aaya military plans
are based on three more yeara of war. Premier
. RIbot, addressing representatives of the allies In
Paria last week, was less specific aa to time, but
more encouraging in outlook, "While it is unfin
ished," he eaid, "it la Bearing its denouement."
There you are. Take your choice.
Our Army of Engineers
St. Laula Oleba-Daaaaant
The sending of an army ef nine regiments of
engineera and highly trained railway men to
France will be of more practical value than the
transporting of several timea that number of
troops, inexperienced in the mode of warfare now
being employed on the western front, and it
should have equal psychological value. Modern
. war makes heavy drifts on all the resources of
science, For that matter, war haa always utilized
science, even before Archimedes waa called upon
to devise the military enginea that postponed the
fall of Syracuse. There is scarcely a physical
science that ia not making contributions to the
conduct of the great war. The present aspects
of the fighting especially call for civil engineera
and experts in transportation problems. Under
American supervision marvels of quick railway
suilding have already been accomplished. We
suspect that American ingenuity had a part in
; facilitating the renewal of the allied offensive
after Hindenburg began his strategical retreat.
Americans have been famous for such thinga. It
wai during Sherman's march that a confederate
grumbingly obeyed ordera to blow up a tunnel:
I'll blow it up," he aaid, "but it won't do any
good. Old Sherman carries a lot of extra tunnels
with him and he'll have one down within an hour
after he arrives." It was during the same march
that a private aoldier in a well-worn uniform vol
unteered to repair a locomotive the retreating
confederatee had purposely crippled. "I helped to
make this engine," he explained.
Our army of engineers will not need military
training. They will need some such organization
as that of the American circus. Thev are already
trained in the real work they must do. With un
limited labor and material they will be able to do
in hours what would normally require daya or
weeks. It will be brief respite that a retreating
army may gain by destroying bridges, railways,
tunnels and wire communications when a large
force of experts ia ready to reproduce them, as if
by magic. There should be little difficulty in fill
ing the reoimentss with volunteers lor this valu
rhie and inspiring service.
Planning for the New Army.
Final passage of the new army bill has com
pelled the disclosure of some of the plans laid
by the War department for operations under the
law. Greatest immediate importance will attach
to the announcement from Secretary Baker that
assembly of men under the selective draft will
not be commenced until September. This date
is about aa early aa possible under the circum
stances. It allows only a little over ninety days
for the accomplishment of the immense amount
of preparation that must be carried out. It is
encouraging, too, for it suggests that the experi
ence of last summer's mobilization of the National
Guard ia not going to be repeated. Men will not
be taken until the government is ready to pro
vide for them. The ahortage of supplies, now ad
mitted, ia not alarming, for the public ia aware
of the fact that for many months all our factory
output of war goods has gone to Europe. These
plants will now be speeded up on work for the
home forces, that clothing and bedding at least
may be ready when the recruits assemble.
Another outstanding feature of the "program
as laid down in Washington is that eighteen of
the thirty-two great camps will be located in the
aouth, twelve of them in the new Department of
the Southeast, which embraces the most reliably
democratic atatea we have. This will permit car
rying through the winter on the outdoor work of
training the soldiers and will also insure spend
ing a considerable proportion of the appropria
tion for their support where it will do the most
good' for the party. This arrangement is for
tuitous rather than arbitrary.
It may be assumed that the authorities will
now move with all due celerity to prepare the
army and that the delay will not check the ardor
of the nation, but the next three months will give
our people plenty of time to'considehow costly
our neglect is proving. Have we learned the
lesson experience haa sought to teach us?
: Efficiency on the Railroada.
The American Railway association is moving
to attain more efficient practice in the movement
of trains and the use of motive power. Many
details already are worked out and 'operating offi
cials are being urged to even greater watchful
ness, that better results may be had. For exam
pie, by the apeeding up of repairs it ia stated
the equivalent of 779,000 additionalfreight cars
may be thrown Into immediate use. Similarly,
by reducing the number of locomotives under re
pairs and increasing mileage alightly, it may be
poaaible to keep in aervice 16,625 more locomo
tives. Juat a little more care in firing will aave
millions of tons of coal; every second an engine
"pops" while standing costs a quarter of a pound
of coat and thla waste easily can be checked.
Simplification of methods and speeding up of
operation already haa accomplished wonders and
even better service is easily possible. ' Fairfax
Harrison, chairman of the associa'tion, urges on
all operating executives that they give thia mat
ter the cloaeat ofattention, to the end that the
aervice be brought up to the highest point and
the railroads show their patriotism in an emi
nently practical way. '
The railways are showing t good example for
all linea of activity. We may have thought we
were doing business on a pretty close margin,
yet a surprising lot of lost motion may be taken
up under atress, with only good results to all.
The lordly pose of mutton and wool on the
market place glimpses the lofty altitude of west
ern ftockmasters. The wealth of grain speculators
combined with the greased fortunes of Oklahoma
oil fields barely approach the golden reach pi the
aheepmen. Beside them even munitioners are
pikers. " .
One branch of the Illinois legislature passed a
bill providing for real atate supervision of banks.
Its fate in the other' branch remains to be aeen,
Even a partial victory for banking honesty is not
able in a state which has been scandalized by rob
bers cloaking their operations as private bankers.
It seems that, after all, the silent sentinels at
the White House did not sacrifice shoe leather
Eat More Bananas
By Frederic J. Haskin
Washington, May 16. Eat more bananas! This
is the advice of food experts. Bananas have al
most the same food value as potatoes and are
digestible when ripe. They are never out of sea
son. Americans should learn to use bananas, not
merely as a luxury, but as a staple food.
Almost the entire supply of bananas eaten in
the United States comes from Jamaica, Central
America and the northern edge of South Amer
ica. A different species, known as Chinese ba
nanas, is shipped from Hawaii to the Pacific coast,
but the popularity of this variety is small com
pared to that of the golden yellow banana, known
as the "Gros Michel," or "Big Mike."
Americans already eat millions of bananas a
year as raw fruit, but our capacity would be much
larger, according to the food economists, if we
would use it more extensively as a cooked food.
There are many ways of cooking bananas and in
most of the lands where it grows fried and stewed
bananas are staple articles of diet. The banana
contains as large a percentage of carbohydrates
(starch and sugar) as does the potato and nearly
the same proportions of other constituents, with
the exception of potash. It is not a perfect sub
stitute for the potato, but it is very near it.
Few American housewives know how to cook
bananas. For fried bananas, peel and split the
bananas, dip each half into well-beaten egg, then
into fine bread crumbs and fry in hot oil.
More digestible are baked bananas. Bananas
may be baked whole, one side of the skin being
stripped back in this .case, or it may be peeled
and cut in halves. The fruit should be put in a
baking pan sprinkled with cinnamon, a half cup
of sugar, a pinch of salt and tiny bits of butter.
Pour into the pan a half cup of water and baste
frequently while baking in a quick oven. Lemon
juice may be substituted for cinnamon; making it
into a syrup before baking, then pouring over the
fruit when placed in the oven. Apples may be
baked with the peeled bananas and the combina
tion is delicious. ,
From time to time there have been well
founded and important charges that the banana
was indigestible. In a (treat manv cases this is
undoubtedly true, but the fault lies with the con
dition of the fruit. Bananas, are indigestible only
when unripe. In recent medical exoeriments con
ducted by Victor C. Myers and Anton R. Ross of
New York and published in the Journal of the
American Medical Association patients were fed
bananas and the results noted. In no single case
when a patient was fed sufficiently ripe bananas
was there any resulting discomfort. One man was
given a bread and milk diet for one week and
bananas and milk for a corresponding period and
"the subjective sensations experienced were much
more favorable to the banana and milk than to
the bread and milk diet," aver the doctors.
The great difficulty is in secunns bananas of
precisely the right stage of ripeness. It is, of
course, just as unwise to eat them when they are
so ripe that a chemical disintegration has set
in, but, on the other hand, there is no doubt but
that the majority of Americans eat them entirely
too green. There seems to be a popular tend
ency to refrain from buying fruit with brownish
tints on the peel. People want their bananas to
be yellow. As it happens, however, the yellow
color in no indication that the fruit is sufficiently
ripe. "In fact," says Drs. Myers and Rose, "un
der certain climatic conditions the fruit may be
entirely yellow and still be so unripe that itj con
sumption in large amounts would be followed by
discomfort." It is when the peel becomes golden
instead of yellow and sprinkled with specks of
brown that the banana is ripe enough to eat with
perfect safety.' ,
The bureau of home economics of the United
States Department of Agriculture has been able
to ascertain the precise point at which the ba
nana is ripe enough to be palatable, digestible and
nutritious. The various stages are best described
in the following schedules, which also may be of
some use to the average purchaser of bananas.
This schedule, however, was not compiled by the
department ot Agriculture, but bv the New York
doctora who made the experiments already re-,
ferred to. Stages of the banana's ripening as
shown by Its appearance are: First, very green;
aecond, greenish yellow, with pea green tip and
edges and bitter flavor; third, yellow except ex
treme edges and tip. beemninsr of solden vellow.
bitter flavor almost gone; fourth, all yellow ex
cept extreme tip, greenish cast to edges; fifth,
golden yellow, greenish cast to edges, occasional
brown specks, no herbaceous flavor; sixth, -full
golden yellow, with brown specks, strong amyl
acetate flavor; seventh, patches of light brown
shades; eighth, largely light brown.
ft is better to let bananas ripen on the stem,
but if necessary buy them while yellow and let
them ripen afterwards. Under these circumstances
there is no excuse for indigestion. At any rate,
in cutting down the family board bill, the banana.
both cooked and raw, deserves more careful at
Corn and the Cook
Right where "Tama Jim" Wilson, secretary of
agriculture, left it twenty years ago, the question
recurs of teaching the English to eat American
corn It is a matter timely both to the food crisis
in Britain and to the newly warmed and strength
ened relations between two great nations attached
to one mother tongue.
For many years we of the New World have
furnished to our profit the roast beef of old Eng
land. There will be more than a commercial hap
piness if we may extend into a complete Anglo
American aervice the product of our corn fields.
Economy, good health and good cheer go with
the range of corn foods, from the pones of Dixie
to the Injun pudding of New England. Not for
getting the mush and milk which not infrequently
marks the end of a perfect dietary day.
One thing, nevertheless, is vital to the issue.
That thing is the cook. Not invariably over here
does culinary efficiency meet fully the rich poten
tialities of the yellow grain. Still we do have
good corn cooks, and we know better than to mis
judge the meal' when a fauH is presented from
the kitchen. If Britain is to be persuaded to take
to the corn, it must be through the able co-operation
of a blue-ribbon American artist at the range.
People and Events
A quart of liquor a month is the booze limit
in West Virginia. Not every Sahara yields an oasis
of that size.
Postage stamps, street car fares, gas and elec
tric light bills are conspicuous for failing to take
the elevator. The first in the list promises to
break away and ascend a story or two and the
aecond inclines toward aviation. The others ding
to the earth, impressive in their lonely dignity.
William Howard Taft is one of the happiest
dads in the country. One of his sons has enlisted,
another won the highest honors at Yale. The
latter is 18 years of age, a member of the junior
class and was awarded the Gordon Brown prize
for "manhood, scholarship and capacity forjead
ership." A mere man haled into court at Poughkeepsie,
N. Y, on charges of nonsupport won the aym
pathy of the judge by showing that his shaken
mate amused herself by throwing eggs at neigh
borhood cats. In these troublous days 'even a
court knows where economy ends and extrava
Failure to heed the Gregorian warning: "Obey
the law; keep" your mouth shut," Rev. John C.
Twele, pastor)? St. Peter's Lutheran EvangHistic
church at New Memphis, 111., worked up a bunch
of trouble for himself. Expressing in public the
sentiment that a rising of the masses, such as
occurred in Russia, "would be a good thing for
the United States" at the present time. Rev. Mr.
Twele was arrested by federal authorities.
Proverb for the Day.
Be sure of a new friend before cut
ting an old one.
One Year Ago Today In the War.
Austrlana penetrated Italian terri
tory from the Tyrol.
Germans took by storm small
French fort on alopca of Hill 287 at
Rusala and Sweden reported to have
reached a satisfactory settlement of
the Aland Island case.
In Omaha Thirty Yeara Ago Today.
A. C. Riddel! haa Joined forces with
hla brother, W. . Rlddell, the well
known commission man, and the Arm
will be known as Rlddell & Rlddell.
Land waa staked out on the Belt
line for the John Diert agricultural
Mrs. William Altstadt of South Six
teenth fell on the sidewalk and broke
her arm. She waa attended by Dr.
Jensen and is getting along nicely.
Benjamin Smith, the Boston capi
talist, who is largely interested In
property in Omaha, Is in the city and
contemplates the building of a flvc
story block on the southwest corner
of Eleventh and Harney.
A marriage license was Issued to
Russell Smith and Mias Victoria Allen.
As the couple are mutes, the questions
and answers were through the medium
of pencil and paper.
The Union Pacific management haa
decided to build the depot at South
Omaha and T. J. Potter, 8. R. Calla
way and Ed Dickinson have gone
down to look over the ground.
The students of the Omaha Com
mercial college, about twenty-five In
number, attended a picnic given at
Hanscom park by the management
of the cortege.
Miss Stella Rosewater and Miss Nel
lie Rosewater have returned from the
east, accompanied by Miss Daisy Stew
art of Washington, who will be their
guest for several weeks.
Five hundred commissioners of the
Presbyterian assembly met in the
Dodge street church. The music was
rendered by a choir consisting of the
following members: Mrs. W. L.
Welsh, soprano: Mrs. F. P. Day, con
tralto; Franklin 8. Smith, tenor, and
J. L. Smith, bass.
This Day In History. .
1796 Josiah Bartlett, the first to
cast a vote for the declaration of in
dependnce and the second to sign It,
died at Kingston, N. H. Born at Ames
bury, Mass., November 31, 1729.
1812 Felix Kirke Zollicoffer, noted
confederate general, born in Maury
county, Tennessee. Killed in battle
near Mill Springs, Ky., July 19, 1862.
1815 An expedition under Commo
dore Decatur sailed from New York
for Algiers to punish piracies, war hav
ing been declared by tn united states.
1864 Confederates under General
Johnston crossed the Eltowah during
the night and occupied a fortified po
sition covering the Allatoona pass.
1893 A new ukase was Issued ex
pelling the Jews from the Asiatic prov
inces of Russia.
1896 Death of the Archduke Karl
Ludwlg, heir presumptive to the Aus
1898 William E. Gladstone, Brit
ish statesman, died. Born December
1916 Premier Asqulth announced
the reorganization' of the British cabi
net The Day We Celebrate.
John W. Garrett, named by Presi
dent Wilson to succeed Henry. Van
Dyke as United States minister to The
Netherlands, born In Baltimore forty
five yeara ago today.
Bishop Edwin D. Mouzon of the
Methodist Episcopal church, aouth,
born at Spartanburg, S. C, forty-eight
years ago today.
Louis W. Hill, who has been re
elected president of the Great North
ern Railway company, born In St. Paul
forty-five years ago today.
Captain Waldorf Astor, eldest son
and heir of Baron Astor, born in Now
York City thifty-eight years ago today.
Timely Jottings and. Reminders.
One hundred and two years ago to
day Commodores Decatur and Bain
bridge, with a squadron of nine ships,
ailed from New York to make war on
the Dey of Algiers.
Harvard university's second division
of ambulance drivers to go into serv
ice since the United States declared
war on Germany sails for Europe to
day. The citizens of Hyattsvllle, Md., are
to be given an opportunity to express
theif sentiments on the subject of sin
gle tax at a special referendum elec
"State Bird day" will be observed
In Massachusetts today under the aus
pices ot the 8tate Grange, the Audubon
societies and other organizations inter
ested in the preservation ot the wild
Storyette of the Day.
As the result of Judge Landls' pe
culiar sense of humor many "stories"
have gone the rounds.
While practicing law he was en
gaged' In a case before Federal Judge
Christian Kohlsaat. There were two
other federal Judges In Chicago. They
were Judge James Henley and Judge
Judge Kohlsaat called young Landls
to the bench.
"Say," he said to the young attor
ney in a severe tone, "I understand
you have been referring to me aa
Young Landls grinned and said:
"I'll bet I know who told you that.
It was either 'Jim' Henley or 'Pete'
His sense of- humor has never de
serted him. Case and Comment
"D you alwara a'va your wife her en
"How do you manage a?"
"I don't. She takes It. Baltimore Amer
ican. Bill Who la that man? .
DIM He la a plcltlat.
"Doean't believe In fKhtlnt?"
"How Sid he set tha black aveT"
"Because be didn't believe In tlghtlns."
Borelolgh It coats a treat deal mora than
one would think to become a broad-minded
and Intelllaent man or the world.
Miss Keen-I euppose ao. Mr. BorelelFh.
and I don't blame you' for saving your
money. Boaton Transcript.
Ha My love, you an fairer and brighter
far than yonder star.
She Well, I should hope so! That one
haa been extinct a thouaand years. udgs.
"There you are." aald the young wife
briskly aa she passed the plate. "Tou can't
have your cake and aat it."
"That'e true." responded her husband,
"and I think I'll Juat preserve mine aa a
Hula memento of your firet attempt"
"John, did you take the note to Mr.
"Tea, but T don't think he can read It
."Why ao, John?"
"Because he Is blind, air. Whlls I wur
In the room he axed me twice where my
-hat wur. and it wur on my head alt tha
Ulster Views of Irish Question.
Omaha, May 18. To the Hdltor of
The Bee: In the evening issue of The
Bee of May 17 John Rush is re
ported as saying that any red-blooded
Irishman resents as an ( Insult the of
fer of the English government to make
home rule for Ireland Immediate,
leaving Ulster under English rule, and
calls such a proposal preposterous. It
would be of Interest to have Mr. Rush
explain why such an offer as that of
the English government Is not most
evidently fair and Just. If Mr. Rush
has a better suggestion to make it Is
of special interest now. Why does the
aouth of Ireland wish to force an of
fensive rule upon Ulster? If the Irish
nationalists are fair and Just, and have
suffered as much under English rule
as their public utterances would lead
one to believe, will Mr. Rush explain
why they desire to forte an obnoxious
government upon Ulster, placing them
selves in the exact position which thrv
so bitterly condemn in the English
government? ft may not be as gener
ally known as it should be that the
north of Ireland was colonized by the
Scotch and English at one time and
so the present inhabitants doubtless I
nna It much easier to affiliate with and
live under the rule of those whose an
tecedents were similar to their own.
As we know, agnation so called may
be a mere geographical expression, not
one of nationality, and hence not to
be treated as the homogeneous union
of a people. All unnreiurliced infor
mation points to a division In Ireland !
an agricultural section, as against i
an uroan ana manufacturing one: dif
ferent Ideals, as refer to the seditious
uprising which the south of Ireland
permitted the German nation to aid
them In not many months ago; the
fact that Ulster has furnished the most
of the volunteers In this war, if the
news agencies to which we are in
debted for the knowledge of so many
current happenings can he cited as ev
idence, - and many other . Instances
showing a clear division. -If the Irish
nationalists refuse this fair settlement,
which has been a standing offer for
some time, they will lose the sympathy
of all fair-minded men.
W. V. BENNETT.
fill investigation of the actual need for
them In a given district would be fool
ish and an embarrassment to the
farmers; that boys under 14 and girls
are not wanted, and that all farm la
bor must be supervised lo avoid waste
City children should be kept at
home, where they can help much bet
tor In school and In home gardens un
der supervision. Farmers are the last
people who Vant an army of Ineffi
cient, Inexperienced laborers on their
hands. The Grange officers show a
clear knowledge of the fact that child
labor Is the most unskilled and un
economical labor there Is..
Let us be discreet in our efforts to
help the nation in Its present crisis.
J. I. SAXON.
" Blames the Squirrels.
Tork, Neb.,' May 12. To the Editor
of The Bee: We have a stringent law
defending our song birds and we have
another law protecting bird murder
ers. What are we going to do about
The sauirrel Is the nmst remorse.
less enemy of birds. Every squirrel
M, leBuonaioie tor me aeatn of nfty
to one hundred birds. Our bird's
know we love them. They refresh
us with their sweet songs. Early in
the morning and in the evening thev
search our gardens for cut worms and
other pests and we reward them with
ruthless and relentless warfare. Squir
rels often pounce on the mother bird
and devour her and then eat the eggs.
That is their business and they fol
low it up relentlessly. A squirrel
once came into my house, where a
couple of happy wrens built a nest
In my coat pockets, and devoured the
eggs. What a funeral we had then!
My tears came at their pitiful walling.
If any young' robins should escape
they are ready to pounce en them.
A lady In York said a beautiful bird
aat on a limb near her window all un
conscious of danger and poured out
his sweet song. A sly and noiseless
squirrel pounced upon him and de
With all these facts before them
our senate preferred the whisk of a
'squirrel's tail to the song and service
of our birds. A rule for making a
senate seems to be to take a strong
dose of double distilled Idiocy, mix it
with about ten grains of downright
Incompetenceand make a law out of
It with a $5 penalty. Perhaps our
nert. senate can give us a law with
a ti fine for killing rats. There
might be some reason In that com
pared with the other. The rat can't
begin to do the mischief the squirrel
can. C S. HARRISON.
Be Discreet in Helping.
Omaha, May 15. To the Editor of
The Bee: The patriotic and well
meaning citizens who are urging that
city children be sent to the country to
help the farmers are taking too much
for granted. ,
The Survey, In the Issue of May 12,
reports the results of a questlonaire
gent to Grange officers throughout the
country, In order to get the viewpoint
of the persons most concerned.
The answers tmTt have been received
Indicate that farmers do not want or
need city children. Of the answers
received, says the Survey, 62 percent
say unqualifiedly "No" to the question,
"Are city school children wanted to
work in your district?"
It is adult help, 18 years and over,
that the farmers want. A city child
will do more harm in one day weed
ing plants than any good he can do in
a month on the farm.
The conclusion of the National
Child Labor committee is that to send
school children to farms without care-
y 100 Good
OH! SO NICE!
Government Jn Great Britain and
Magnet. Neb.. May 10. To the
Editor of The Boe: Can your read
jrs have a couple of articles that will
adequately elucidate the difference be
fore the war In the basis of represen
tation in the United States. Germany
and, possibly, England in the law mak
ing and law enforcing departments?
EVAN A. CHAPMAN.
Am. Asiuminsr you r.'nt to know tht
qualifications for votert and the rtiponiibili- -ties
of government, we answer:
In the United States universal manhood
uffrasre, and in many states womn, at th
age of 21. Our headers are familiar with
the division between federal and state gov
In Great Britain the qualifications for
voters are: Male, 21 years old, freeholder
of annual value of 40 shillings, leaseholder
or copyholder of annual valu of 5 pounds,
householder or lodger of annual valut ef 10
pounds; owner of property of thia value in
different election districts may vote In each
In Germany suffrage is universal for
males of the aire of 25; soldiers In the ac- '
tive army, and certain specified ineompe
tents excepted. In Prussia the age Is 25.
but the voting is done indirectly; voters art
divided into three classes, according to taxes
paid. First group consists of those who pay
one-third of the total taxes, second group
those who pay one-third, and third group
similarly formed. Each group chooses an
equal number of electors, who, in turn elect
the members of the house of representatives.
This puts control into the hands of tha
smaller number of wealthy.
Essential difference between the form of
governments lies in the fact that tha Brit
ish cabinet is responsible to the Parliament,
and not to the king, while the Prussian min
istry and the German imperial ministry art
responsible to the king and emperor and not
to the parliament. The king of Prussia un
der the constitution is head of the German
confederation with title of emperor, and is
irresponsible. Powers of the Reichstag art
limited by the constitution, and the emperor
may refuse to promulgate any law passed If
he deems it unconstitutional, otherwise he,
has no veto power. His orders concerning
the army and navy must be signed by the
chancellor, leaving him irresponsible, but he
appoints his own chancellor, who is answer
able only to the emperor. Prussia elects
three-fifths of the popular membership of the
Reichstag, and also controls in the council or
upper body of the assembly.
LocoAiotive Auto Oil
The Best Oil We Khow
holas 03 Company
The L VJ
S Grain Exchange Bldg., S
S Omaha, Neb. S
I Ask Your Husband
LOGAN INN I
Attend the Great
1 ' SALE
Sherman & McConnell
5 GOOD DRUG STORES
Get the Round Package
Used ibt Yi Century.
i "tcw,ma,u.s.a. .
Ask For and GET ,
Made from clean, rich milk with the ex
tract of select malted grain, malted in our
own Malt Houses under sanitary conditions.'
infants an of ehildnn thriv on it. Agrtem with
thm wtakmtt ttamach of th invalid or th aged.
aVeeb no cooking nor addition of milk.
Nourishes and sustain, more than tea, coffee, ete.
Should be kept at home or when traveling. Anu
tntioua food-drink may be prepared in a moment.
A glauful hot before retiring induce, refreshing
sleep. Also in lunch tablet form for business men.
Suhatltutaa a-aa Villi C. ei-i
.ww wa.i.w I I
Take a PaGkago Homo
THE OMAHA BEE INFORMATION BUREAU
Washington. D. C
Enclosed find a two-cent stamp, for which you will please send me,
entirely free, a copy of the pamphlet, "Preparing Vegetables."
Street Address . .r.nrc.xa
city State. . .wmierwV&
Powered by Open ONI