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The Omaha Daily Bee
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VOL. XLVT. NO. 278.
OMAHA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 9, 1917. TWELVE PAGES.
Oo TrllH. ai Hum. orvT-'TE rfiDV Tivn PF.MTM
BRITISH TROOPS ARE DRIVEN FROM FRESNOY;
U. S. PLANS TemD BIG MERCHANT MARINE
TOWN AND WOOD
Two Fresh German Divisions
Take Positions After Re.
peated Failure to Dislodge
English Troops. 1
LONDON ADHITS REVERSE
Prussians Win Foothold in
Trenches Northeast of Vil
lage and Are Later Ejected,
'ALLIES RESIST ATTACKS
London, May 8. The Germans
lave retaken Fresnoy Tillage and
They secured a foothold jn trenches
iiortheast of the village earlier, but
were driven out by a British counter
The Germans later returned to the
attack with two fresh divisions and
recaptured the town and wood. The
British stubbornly resisted, but were
compelled to withdraw. '
Still later in the morning east of
Fresnoy the Germans returned to the
attack with two fresh divisions. ' The
British stubbornly resisted, but final
ly were compelled to withdraw from
the village and wood.
. British Admit Loss.
This 'information is contained in the
official British communication:
"Enemy made heavy counter at
tacks this morning upon our positions
in the neighborhood of Fresnoy. In
the first of these they succeeded in
gaining a foothold in our trenches
northeast of the village, but the
ground lost was shortly afterward re
gained by our attacks
"Later in the morning a second at
tack in force was delivered by two
fresh German divisions east of Fres
noy. On the right of the front at
tacked the enemy s troops were re-
pulsed with heavy casualties and our
positions successfully maintained,, y
"On the left, after fierce resistance.
our troops were compelled to wlth-i
draw from 1' rcsnoy village and
wood. " ;
Fighting continued in and around
the village of Bullecourt, Reuter's
correspondent at British headquarters
A party of 300 Germans who suc
ceeded in forcing their way through
to the southwest corner of the village
were held up and punished heavily.
The British airmen have brought
down seven of the enemy's observa
tion balloons. '
Germans Retake Fresnoy.
Berlin, May 8. (Via London.)
German troops have recaptured Fres
noy, says the official statement issued
today by the German army headquar
ters staff. ,
Attacks by the British near Roeux
and on German positions between
Fontain and Riencourt were repulsed,
the statement says.
The storming of Fresnoy took place
this morning. The place was held, it
is declared, against British attempts
to recapture it
Canadians Retake Point.
Ottawa, Ont., May 8. A dispatch
received here today from a corre
spondent at Canadian army headquar
ters says that the Canadian line was
penetrated this morning by a German
attack northeast or Fresnoy Village,
but that the Canadians succeeded in
re-establishing the line except at one
small point. The fighting still con
tinues, the dispatch adds.
"After a heavy bombardment, in
cluding the discharge of a large num
ber of gas shells," the dispatch reads,
"the enemy this morning launched
an attack in force in the region north-
lontlnned on Pmre Two. Column Three.)
For Nebraska Fair; not much change in
Temperatures at Omaha Yesterday.
uour, - Den.
Highest yesterday .
Lowest yesterday .
Mean temperature .
Temperature and precipitation departures
from the normal:
Normal temperature 60
Deficiency for the day , 4
Total deficiency since March 1 98
Normal precipitation .14 Inch
Deficiency for the day.. H inch
Total rainfall since March 1 6,83 Imrhes
Exi ofs since March I 2 Inch
Deficiency for cor. period. 1916. .3.33 Inches
Deficiency for cor. period, 1916. .3.62 Inches
Beporta from Stations at F.N,
'Station and State Tmp. High- Rain-
Cheyenne, cloudy S
Davenport, cloudy .... 52
Denver, cloudy 42
Dea Moines, cloudy .... 64
1,ander, cloudy 44
North Platte, clear.... 6J
Omaha clear 65
Kansas City, clear.... 66
Sioux City, clear...... 64
Valentine, clear .' i'i
T Indicate trace of precipitation.
h. A, WELSH, Mteorologlsi
I " o a. m 48
I . M F 6 a- m
W Jk jf I 7 a. m 48
lit 4Jj3 E A 8 a- m 62
lfcflF'y ' r & tn..,.. 57
2Sl M i 10 a- m M
vi J!X I 11 m
W Jt&KTw) A. 1 rn 63
tTJD D 1 p- m
M 3 p. m 66
3 p. m.. 66
9 . 4 p. m 67
tfgM- - 6 p. m 6S
VMOTft 0 p. in 67
, , I 7 p. m 66
8 p. m 62
Comparative lcal Record.
6S 77 19 &
43 0f 4: 4ft
fi 64 60 it
.00 .00 .00
Hoover Urges Food
Dictator for the U.S.
Washington, May 8. Herbert
C. Hoover urgently recommended
to the senate agriculture commit
tee today a separate department
of the government, to deal with
the food question and absolute
government control of certain
staples, particularly wheat and
Mr. Hoover did not believe it
necessary to have the food de
partment led by a member of
of cabinet, but urged prompt
action on, food legislation. He
said Europe has found minimum
I price fixing a failure, but mini
mum price fixing has proved a
FOR FAILURE OF
Pan-Germans Boldly Lay Re
sponsibility for Loss of
Battle of Marne at j
. Door of Chancellor.
CHANCES THROWN AWAY
Tages Zeitung Says His Oppo
sition Delayed the Subsea
Campaign a Year.
"NOT LIKE BISMARCK"
Copenhagen, May 8. (Via London.)
The conservatives and Pan-Germans
have now brought up their
heavy artillery in the battle against
Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg
and boldly lay the blame for the long
duration of the war at his door.
The conservative Deutsche Tages
Zeitung explains that three or four
day's delay in German mobilization at
the outset of the war, due to the
chancellor's hesitant policy, caused
the loss of the battle of the Marne.
. The- paper holds that the troops
that were detached to stem the Rus
sian invasion oi East Prussia would
have been sufficient to change the de
feat of General von Kluck's armv into
a victory, and that in that case the
war would nave ended .n a speeay and
decisive German triumph.
Second Chance Lost
The Taees Zeitung goes on to de-
clare that the chancellor threw awav
a second chance of terminating the
war by opposing ruthless submarine
warfare. It cites Field Marshal Con
rad von Hoetzendorf, Austrian coin-
mander-in-chief, as saying recently:
"The war would have been oyer
long ago if the submarine campaign
had begun a year earlier." '
The Pa -Germans and annexation
ists arc also .jmparing the chancel
lor to Bismarck and demanding his
retirement because he does not meas
ure up to Germany's "iron man."
The agitation for the downfall of
Von Bethmann-Hollwe. is uncon
cealed in press and parliament and is
reinforced by mass meetings or
ganized byoimperialist leagues and the
independent committee for German
peace. T. - bitterness increa-es as
the chances grow for a reform of
political conditions in Germany.
The chancellor's opponents couple
their attacks with far from flattering
remarks abjui tl. . Austro-Hungarian
government for its declarations in
favor of moderate peace.
Hungarians Fight Tinr.
The Hungarian opposition leaders
have announced their intention to
wage a sharp war against Count Tisza
and will not desist until the premier's
retirement is forced, accordin to a
dispatch from Vienna. They will
e.ei.tually resort to a parliamentary
strike if necessary.
Emperor Charles,1 accompanied by
the Austrian premier, has -mbarked
on a tour of Galicia, to which consid
erable political importance is attrib
uted. The plan to give Galicia a spe
cial autonomoi.. -osition m the em
pire,' incidentally killing the Polish
strength in the Austria parliament and
giving the German parties working
control, has been dropped and the
emperor and premier are endeavoring
to nnd some other solution.
Must Fight for Peace.
London, May 8. A Copenhagen
dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph
company, says that in the Keichstag
yesterday Dr. Karl Helfferich, the
Uerman vice chancellor, spoke or the
peace necessary for the German peo
"We are not yet able to obtain it.
We must still fight for it."
Time to State Terms.
Amsterdam. May 8. (Via London)
In referring to the Russian govern
ment's explanation of its war aims,
the Berlin socialist newspaper, Vor
waerts, insists that Chancellor von
Bethmann-Hollweg has no reason to
pestpone a definite statement of Ger
many's aims in the war and asks what
the chancellor is waiting for.
If a frank, bold statement is made
in the sense of the Russian peace for
mula," it says, "Russia, Germany and
Austria-Hungary will stand together."
Man in Ring With Lodge
Enrolls to Fight Germans
Boston, Mass., May 8. Alexander
Bannwart, who engaged in a fistic en
counter with Senator Lodge, while
acting as a member of a peace dele
gation -to Washington several weeks
agi., enrolled today for the officer.'
reserve training camp at Plattsburg.
CHIEF TOPIC AT
Many Delegates to Convention
of Grand Lodge Voice Oppo
sition to Increase in
OTHERS SUPPORT MEASURE
Utica Man Says Higher Tariffs
Necessary for the Life
of the Order.
INSURGENTS ARE STRONG
Increased insurance rates was the
chief topic of discussion by the
Grand Lodge of the Ancient Order of
United Workmen at the afternoon
session at the Hotel Fontenelle yes
terday. An effort was made to reach a vote
before adjournment, but at 5 30 it be
came necessary to take up the nomi
nation ot officers in order to comply
with the constitution and by-laws.
These provide that nominations 6hall
be made on the day previous to elec
tion, Insurgents showed strength in the
debate over increased rates. Broken
Bow, Ord and other towns reported
their locals against higher rates.
Broken Bow delegates said that ap
proval of the higher rates might
sound the death knell of the order.
An Ord delegate said that the local
there had 257 members in good stand
ing the first of the year, but since the
new rate, voted in January, the num
ber had dwindled to 174.
Frank Cross of Utica defended the
higher rates, saying they were neces
sary for the life of the order. He is
one of the older members of the or
der. He told delegates to the" grand
lodge he was willing to drop out if
he found the burden too heavy, but
said that -the higher rates were fa
vored by him nevertheless.
Says Absolutely Necessary. '.
"If the higher rate forces mi out,1
Mrtwid.vTll b the fast to say that
anybody arced me out. I'll say eondi
tions forced me'out. I know that con
ditions have changed and that the
higher rate is absolutely necessary."
The eligibility of John L. Sundean,
insurgent leader, for office in the
grand lodge came into question. Sun-
dean lives in Minneapolis. He former
ly lived in Nebraska. He is sitting in
the grand lodge sessions now as a del
egate from Wahoo. When he was
nominated for erand recorder, one
delegate asked if Sundean were really
"Certainly he is a delegate here,
said Past Grand Master J. G. Tate.
The gavel banged and the buzz of
the meeting continued until Joseph
Oberfelder of Sidney arose and took
exception. "Mr. Sundean may be a
delegate here," he said, "but he is not
a resident of Nebraska. He lives in
Name Is Stricken.
Thereupon Sundean's name was
stricken from the list of candidates,
and he is not to hold an office in Ne
Same at All Ages.
Actuary Miles A. Dawson of New
York talked more than an hour in
defense of the higher rates adopted
at the special session last winter.
Dawson threw himself open to in
terrogation in the course of his lec
ture, but Sundean ventured to ask
but one or two questions, and after
that remained silent. Dawson con
tinued his discussion during the aft
ernoon. "The rates adopted by the grand
lodge at the special session," said
Dawson, "were computed in accord
ance with the National Fraternal con
gress table of mortality and 4 per
cent interest and were applied at the
attained ages of the members.
"This means that if the mortality
was precisely the same at every age
as is shown by that table and if mean
time alh amounts collected, which are
not immediately required to pay death
(Continued on Fs Two, Column Two.)
Solons Angry, Not Invited to
Dinners for Allied Missions
Washington, May 8. During the
secret debate in the senate on the
embargo section of the espionage bill
criticism was made because no mem
bers of the senate or house were in
vited to participate in White House
functions in honor of the visiting
British and French missions. Mem
bers also resented the attitude of
members of the cabinet toward the
Canadian Soldiers Defeated
Eight German Divisions
Ottawa, May 8. The Canadians de
feated eight German divisions and
captured nine villages and more than
5.000 prisoners between April 9 and
May A, according to a dispatch re
ceived here today from Canadian
army headquarters in France.
South Africa to Take
Charge of Kaffir Beer
Capetown, April 30. In an effort
to solve the troublesome native drink
problem, the South African govern
ment has decided to take over the
production and sale of all kaffir beer,
as the drink consumed by the natives
is popularly called.
Gen. Provision, Nebraska's Food Mobilizer
U.S. WHEAT CROP
WITHIN 13 YEARS
Estimates for Harvest Indi
cate This Country Will Need.
All of It for People's
NO BREAD FOR THE ALLIES
Yield Short Sixty Million
Bushels Owing to Acreage
Being Cut Down.
CONDITION IS IMPROVED
Washington, May 5. Oflieial wheat
crop estimates announced today show
that with the world facing a bread
shortage the United States, unless it
cuts its present consumption, proh
ably will produce only enough wheat
this year to supply its own popular
The forecast compiled by tre De
partment of Agriculture on conditions
May l,.put this country's winter
wheat yield at .'66,000,000 bushels, the
smallest in thirteen years.
There will be no estimate of spring
wheat acreage until July 1. but with
a crop of 250,000,000 bushels, which is
higher than the average, this country
would grow this year a total of 261,-
000,000 bushels. The normal Amer
ican consumption with seed require
ments is nut at slightly more than
More Than Million Short.
The country's greatest soring
wheat crop was 352,000,000 bushels,
produced in 1915. The five-year aver
age from 1910 to 1914, is 234,000,000.
lac estimated production this vear
of 366,000.000 bushels of winter wheat
falls 116,000,000 bushels short of last
year's poor crop and 308,000,000.below
that ot 1915, a bumper crop. It is
129.000.000 bushels less than the aver
age for the preceding five years.
.Reserve stocks this year are said
to be lower than at any previous
time at this season. The visible suo-
ply is out now at 30.000.000 bushels.
with a somewhat larger invisible
The lowest visible stock ever re
ported in the United States was 6,000,
000 bushels on July 1, two years ago.
When harvesting of the new crop be
gins in July of this year it is esti
mated that the reserve will be even
lower than that.
What Allies Require.
The allies' wheat requirements for
the coming year are out at 500.000.000
bushels as a minimum. The United
States will be asked to supply more
than half that amount. Wheat crops
in other parts of the world are poor.
l ne Argentine crop tailed, and
The department is making every
effort to educate the American people
to a greater use of com meal for
homey consumption will require the
entire yield. Canada's production is
confined chiefly to a spring crop of
normally about 200,000,000 bushels,
much of which is available for export.
Since the war started America has
exported to Europe vast quantities of
wheat, reaching a high mark of 332,
000,000 bushels in 1915. Last year the
total fell to 243,000,000 bushels. Be
fore the war it ran slightly less than
Meeting inOovernor'i Office
at Which Work is Divided
. Up and Campaign
. Mapped Out.
RICHMOND IS SECRETARY
Omaha House Member Elected
to Carry Out Work
WORD FROM WASHINGTON
(From a Staff Correapondont.)
Lincoln, May 8. jfSpecial Tele
gramsWork of the State Council of
Defense was arranged today at a
meeting held in the office of Governor
Eleven subdivisions were . agreed
upon and members of the council
were chosen to have them in charge
Publicity Robert Joyce, Lin
coln. Finance C. A. McCloudy,
State Defense and Security
General P. L. Hall, Lincoln.
Food Production, Conservation
and Distribution George Coup,
lanr, Elgin. I
Co-operating Agencies Miss
Gertrude Keating, Columbus.
Hygenie, Medicine and Sanita
tion Dr. E. O. Weber, Wahoo.
Labor T. P. Reynolds, Omahs.
Industrial Survey George E.
Secret Service R. L. Met
Recruiting and Selective Draft
General George H. Harries,
Organization of County De
fense Councils Robert Joyce
and George CouplinA
The committee was sworn into the
ser vice by Chief Justice Morrissey of
the supreme court.
Selection of Henry C. Richmond of
Omaha, a secretary, was made unani
mously. The office carries a salary of
$2,000 a year with traveling expenses.
Governor Neville presided. K. M.
Joyce of Lincoln was elected chair
man; Ueorge Coupland ot I'.lgin, vice
chairman, and C. A. McCloud of
Mr. Joyce, who with General Har
ries of Omahi, a member of the com
mittee, attended the national meeting
in Washington, told what was to be
expected of the state organization.
Greek Steamship Worth
Four Millions is Sunk
New York, May 8. The Greek
steamship Parthenon, which left New
York on April 14 for Havre, has been
sunk by a German submarine with a
loss of $4,000,000 in vessel and cargo,
according to a dispatch received here
today by the owners.
The Parthenon,. a ship of 2,934 tons
gross, was under charier to the Roval
Belgian Lloyd. It carried Greek of
ficers and irew. The cablegram did
not say whether they were saved.
The vessel was destroyed April 30,
presumably oil the trench coast,
CARRY FOOD TO
Three Vessels of Trans-Atlan-
tio Line Are Held at St.
Thomas on Serious
CREWS TELL THE STORY
Food and Oil Hidden Under
Coal Transferred to Sub
seas in Mid-Atlantio.
TWO DEPARTMENTS BUSY
Washington, May 8. The government-is
investigating the activities of
the steamer Manitowoc and other
vessels of the American Trans-Atlantic
company which are said to have
carried supplies to German subma
rines in the Atlantic.
This was disclosed at the Navy de
partment today, but no details of the
steps taken were given out.
The American Trans-Atlantic com
pany has offices in New York and
Boston and its ships fly the American
Officials here will not say what had
aroused their suspicions, but admit
ted that the ships had been held for
investigation at St. Thomas,. Virgin
islands, by order of the Navy depart
ment. Both the State and Justice depart
ments have been taking part in the
The Manitowoc, Muskegon and
Allaguash, ell belonging to the same
line, shortly.before the Danish islands
became the Virgin Islands, U. S. A.,
put into the harbor of St Thomas,
bound from Buenos Ayres to New
York, supposedly to "await orders."
They were still waiting for orders
when the islands were transferred to
the United States.
According to their manifests, all
three ships carried coal and other fuel
supplies. Members of the crew of the
Manitowoc say all the vessels were
loaded witii contraband: 1 or German
"Pood Hidden Under Coal.
"When we left New York last we
were supposed to have a cargo of coal
exclusively," said one of the crew.
"Underneath the coal were all sorts
of fuel and food supplies. Supposedly
the cargo was destined for Buenos
Ayres. Between St. Thomas and
Buenos Ayres we got rid of our cargo
on the high seas to German submar
ines. We had no cargo when we
reached Buenos Ayres."
At Buenos Avres that trio, the Mus
kegon and Allaguash all took on gen
eral food cargoes, oil an.0 -other fuel
supplies, which were 'covered over
with several hundred tons 'of coal,
they said. On the Manitowoc there
were also placed two iron chests filled
with gold, each supposed to- contain
$250,000. These, according to the men,
also were hidden under the coal.
Crew Demanded Pay.
While waiting in St. Thoma for or
ders, the Danish islands were trans
ferred to the United States, and the
ships, were not permitted to sail. The
crew of the Manitowoc tried to get
some of their pay while idle in the
harbor, but Captain Hogstead re
fused to make any payment.
Three Ships Are Held.
(Coireepondence of The Aesoclated Preae.)
San Juan, .-Porto Rico. May 5.
There are German submarines in the
Atlantic and until very recently they
have been supplied from the United
States by ships flying the American
flag, according to statements by
members of the crew of the steamer
Manitowoc, which for several weeks
was detained in the harbor at St.
Thomas. Twenty-one of the crew
are returning to the United States
after difficulties with Captain F. Hog
stead, master of the ship.
The men then made a complaint to
Rear Admiral Oliver, governor of the
islands, who required Captain Hog
stead to guarantee that he would not
supply any more enemy ships before
being permitted to leave the harbor,
presumably for Buenos Ayres. Cap
tain Hogstead said he was unable to
get any instructions from the owners
in New York.
One morning, according to the
crew, the captain ordered he ship's
flag hoisted upside down,ndicating
that there was mutinv aboard. When
officials from shore came on board to
find out what the troub e was. the
men insisted there was nothing wrong
except for the fact they had refused
to work unless their pay was guaran
teed. . Men Arrive at San Juan.
Finallv. thev said. - here Can lain
Hogstead sinned such a guarantee.
Shortly afterward, it was learned, the
Manitowoc had been ordered to re
turn to Buenos Ayres and they -were
preparing to sail with it. when, thev
assert. Captain Hogstead repudiated
nis guarantee, lhe men demanded
that they be returned to New York
and they arrived here today enroute
io tne states.
On Adonis Myth Site
London, May 3. Americans con
nected with the American Mining
company's works on the island of Cy
prus are defraying all the expenses
of archaeological excavations of the
Cyprus museum. The spot chosen is
an interesting one, connected with
the frreat Adonis myth.
ASKED BY BOARD
TO BUILD SHIPS
Program Involves Rush Con
struction of 5,000,000 Tons
of Steel and Wooden
WILL TAKE OVER MILLS
Damages Will Be Paid Private
Consumers Whose Con
tracts Are Canceled.
TO MEET SUBSEA MENACE
Washington, May 8; Congress will
be asked to- appropriate $1,000,000,000
for the building of the great American
merchant fleet which is to overcome
the submarine menace. i ,
The program evolved by -the hip
ping board contemplates the diversion
to government uses of the products
of every steel mill in the country, and
the cancellation of existing contracts
between those mills and private con
sumers and where necessary payment
of damages by the government to the
partie whose contracts are canceled..
Estimates of the shipping board
Are that 5,000,000 to 6,000,000 tons
of steel and wooden vessels will be
constructed by the government during
the next two years.
, The only manufacturers of steel to
be exempted from the program will
be those needed otherwise for nation
Bills for introduction in congress
have been prepared and the adminis
tration hopes to get them under way
so promptly that the first of the ship
building operations may be in motion
within two weeks.
Just how the $1,000,000,000 will be
provided is left to congress, but the
tentative program calls for an addi
tional issue of bonds.
Co-operation of the labor organiza
tions has already been pledged, it is
understood, and there will be no leg
islation, Bnleis thepKesent program-is
changed, looking to the drafting of
the labor necessary to carry out the
JChe only other exception to the
general cancellations of private con
tracts with steel mills will be those
of - railroads. Steel mills, it is con
templated will be permitted to supply
them with the minimum amount of
steel products with which the rail
roads can get along,
Will Rspay Private Losses.
All other industries kindered to the
steel trade or in which the use of -steel
figures largely will be affected by the
proposed legislation., To adjust equit
ably their Tosses, the administration
contemplates . the operation of a
tribunal which probably wilt be des
ignated a court of appraisers to de
termine the extent of private losses
due to cancellation of contracts.
It may be unnecessary for the gov
ernment actually-to take over the ship
building yards of the country and
they probably will be operated by
their present owners under strict Gov
ernmental supervision. . .
4 he program contemplates the use.
to he maximum of every resource
within the United States, speedily to
design, and build the largest number
of ships possible. Should the number
of vessels thus turned out he inade
quate to meet the German submarine
menace ship building facilities will be
increased. ' ,
Dutch to Build the
Largest Port in Europe
(Correipondenot of Ths Auoclattd Praia.)
The Hague, April 30. The Dutch
are making a determined effort to
build the largest port of Europe.
The Dutch parliament has in hand
legislation for the improvement of
the harbors at Amsterdam and Rot
terdam with a view to increasing the
depth of the water at the quays so
that ships with a draught of forty
six feet can be admitted for dis
charging and loading. ,
To Welcome First
(CorrMpondenco of The Associated Press.)
Brest, France, April 25. Brest is
laying in a supply of American flags
to hang out when the first American
warship steams up the "Goulet."
There is about 10,008 acres of har
bor Here, with from thirty-six j sixty
feet of water and with all the dry
docks, naval repair shops and ship
building facilities that go with the
principal naval port of France.
Entrance is gained through the
"Goulet," a channel about five miles
long, 2,000 yards wide and with a
dept.i of water of from twenty-seven
to ,'ifty-seven feet It requires nine
lighthouses to guide the pilot up this
channel after he has dodged the reefs
of the Iroise in the offing.
There is a trade question allied to
the proposed use of the port as an
American naval base the old Brest
trans-Atlantic project, , intended to
shorten the route between the French
and American coasts. Brest is forty
three miles nearer New York than the
Dearest English port, Plymouth.
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