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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 7, 1917)
THE BEE OMAHA, MONDAY, MAY 7, 1917.
FACE SHORTAGE OF
HORSES AND MULES
Importance of Animals to War
fare Pointed out and Breed
ers Urged to Help.
AS NECESSARY AS MEN
"While Tlie Omaha Bee has very
properly placed great emphasis on
maximum crop production this year,
C()ua emphasis, however, should he
placed on liv stock production, and
this subject has not received the con
siderate i it should from the public
press," declares Wayne Dinsmore,
secretary of the Pert-heron Society of
America, with headquarters in Chi
cago. "Our available supply of meat ani
mals is lower than it has ever been,
in proportion to our population. Ger
many, through the slaughter of swine.
. reduced its supply of animal fats to a
point where the nutrition of the entire
nation has been seriously endangered,
and recent reporu from the battle
front are the loss of artillery in
dicate that the Central nations arc
also short artillery horses. We know
that German army authorities have
purchased every available horse in
Holland and Denmark since the war
began, and that they have paid as
high as $500. for yearling colts of
common breeding, which sell in this
country for $100 or less.
, Learn By Experience.
"Bitter experience ha's convinced
army men that horses and mules arc
as. essential in modern warfare as
men and guns. Trucks are invaluable
in transporting supplies from terminal
points to field bases, tanks have their
uses, but in transmitting supplies
from field bases to the firing lines,
horses and mules are indispensable
and under actual battle conditions,
where men ant) guns must be taken
into position across plowed fields,
trenches, ditches and shell holes,
horses, and horses alone, can be re
lied upon to speedily place men and
guns where they are needed, when
they arc needed.
"So pressing has been this need
that despite' the desperate situation
as to ship bottoms, importations of
horses have been made steadily and
are still continuing. '
"The shipment of more than 1,000,
0001 horses and mules to foreign na
tions has reduced our surplus mater
ially. The needs of the United States
army within the next three years will
be an added drain upon our resources
and there is danger that unless em
phasis is placed on the necessity of
maintaining our horse breeding oper
ations that wc will, ere the war is
over, face an actual shortage of horses
for farm work, city work and for
"The statement I am giving , be
low has been prepared after an ex
haustive study of the situation.
Requirements in Horses and Mules. .
"3'he passage of the selective draft
measure by congress makes certain
the immediate preparation and equip
ment of an army of at least 1,000,000
men in 1917. All preparations are be
ing made for a.war that will last three
years, for regardless of what civilians
may think, army officials do not ex
pect an early ending ,Jo the war into
which the United 1 Slates has been
"The requirements of cavalry, in
fantry and artillery, regiments in
horses and mules are set forth in a
letter just received from the War de
partment, as follows: '
Cavalry Ri'ilmmt 1,611 horses, 111 draft
Jnuls, 2S pack animals, S riding- mule.
Infantry Regiment Us ridlns horses, lit
draft mules. 2& park mutes, 6 riding mules.
Artillery Reriment-1,07 horaea, 88 draft
muleo, 4 riding mulea. ' -
"These are minimum requirements
and do not take into account trans-;
portation trains required to forward
supplies from terminal .points tJ field
bases. In other words, the number of
animals specified above refer only to
those actually needed with the troops.
Regiment Meant 1,500 Men.
'The war strength of a regiment of
intantrv ia annrnvimatplv 1 SOft n.
of a regiment of cavalry approximate
ly 1,300 men; of a' regiment of artillery
consisting of six batteries of four
guns each, approximately 1,146 men.
While definite information as to the
proportion of infantry, cavalry and ar
tillery to be included in the new army
is not yet forthconuig, it is generally
understood among army officials that
an artillery bat.ery of four guns will
be allowed for each 1,000 infantry.
"It seems probable therefore that
the first 1,000,000 men placed under
arms by the United States will be
composed of 500 regiments of infantry
'totaling 750,000 men, 125 regiments of
artillery totaling 143,250 men and 100
regiments of cavalry totaling 130.000
men, making a grand total of a little
over 1,000,000 men. The proportion
of artillery certainly will not be less,
and may be more, as actual warfare
on European battlefields has demon
strated that overwhelming superiority
in the artillery branch of the service
is essential to efficient operation by
Need 100 Cavalry Regiments.
"It may be argued that-there is no
probability that the United States twill
I prepare 100 regiments of cavalry, but
in view of the danger from the Mexi
can situation, it appeal's to be the be
lief of well informed army officers that
at least that many cavalry regiments
will be provided for in this year's
"To equip 500 regiments of infantry
will require 34,500 riding horses, 56,-
(100 draft mules, pack mules, and
3,000 riding mules. ,One hundred and
' twenty-five reiriments of artillery will
require 137,025 horses, 10,000 draft
mules, and 500 riding mules. The
equipment of 100 regiments of cavalrv
will necessitate 154,000 horses. 15,200
draft mules. 2.900 pack males, and 600
riding mules. The total number there
fore required for the equipment of 501!
regiments of infantry, 125 of artillery,
and 100 of cavalry, will amount to
Ub.bib horses and 100.700 mules.
. 350,000 Head Short.
The army has at present only 70,
000 head of horses and mules. This
means that approximately 350,000 head
of horses and mules must be bought
within the next six months. No in
formation has yet been received from
the army authorities in regard to how
the purchase of these horses and
inu'.cs will be made. In the judgment
of experienced horsemen, however, the
Eurchase of so large a number of
orses and mules within the limited
time available can best -be accom.
plished by setting a" definite price to
be paid by the army for the different
ilt that will nasa ItiAnrr.tinn for
their respective classes, and by estab
lishing ten or fifteen inspection points
where horses and mules may be
endeted for inspection. This will per
mit dealers, large or small, or even
farmers, to consign their horses di
rect to inspection points with
definite information in regard to whal
they will obtairfor them if they pass
Cut Out Middleman.
"There seems to be no pood rea
son why the producers of horses
should not be permitted to sell them
directly to the government, if they
nass inspection, instead of being
obliged to sell them through some in
tervening contractor. It is earnestly to
be hoped that the army officials will
decide on some general plan.
"It must not be forgotten that the
allied nations are still in the market,
and will continue to be. Their need
for horses and mules is as great as for
guns and ammunition:' indeed, even
more so. because they can manu
facture the guns and ammunition in
their own countries, but their re
sources in horses and mules have
already been exhausted, and the
United Slates is the only source from
which they can obtain additional sup
plies. Eight hundred and fifty-three
thousand one hundred and sixteen
head of horses and 289,062 head of
mules have been exported, practically
alt of them for war purposes, during
the" thirty months ending March i,
1917. fn spite of the shortage ot
ships, 40.000 head of horses and mules
were shipped in January, 1917, and
more than 27,000 head in February,
Horses Win War.
"Kecent accounts from the battle
front relating the loss of hundreds ot
nieces of artillery by the Germans in
recent operations state that the loss
of these pieces was due recently to
the lack of artillery horses.
"It is fortunate that the United
States is well supplied with boffc
horses and mules at the present time,
but it is incumbent upon us, if we are
tomaintain our resources so as to ef
fectually back up our armies and
maintain maximum production on our
farms, to see that every good mare
is bred to a first class stallion this
seasoifi and that every effort is made
lo save the foals that will be coming
within the next six weeks. The war
iay yet be decided by the number
of horses available to the respective
belligerents, for on the far flung bat
tle lines and in the reserve made up
of our farm, forces,) the horse is the
most important single factor aside
from man." ,
Archbishop Urges Omaha
To Observe Rogation Days
' Archbishop Harty has sent a let
ter to the priests of the Catholic
diocese of Omaha, urging them' to
observe the Rogation days, which
this year fall on May 14-16. These
days, since file fifth century, have been
observed with solemn grayer and pro
cession by the Catholic church.
Archbishop Harty directs the
priests to recite the litany and the
Rogation prayers after each mass on
each of the days, and where practical,
within or without the churches, have
a solemn procession. '
Contending that this year there is
more reason than usual fori observing
the occasion, the archbishop says:
"In the many centuries, when has
there been a time in the church of
Christ, at virhich men needed the di
rect intervention of God more than
we do now, : when the nations are
threatened hi their prosperity, their
civilization and their life by the con
flagration of war?
"The flames are upon us; we fear
for ourselves and for our sons today,
as during the last three years we have
suffered with our brethren in sympa
thetic sorrow." s.
Northwestern Alumni to
Have Big Meeting Here
On Friday night, May 18, the local
alumni of Northwestern university
will have dinner together at the Uni
versity club. On this night similar
meetings of Northwestern alumni will
be held throughout the world in cele
bration of what has been designated
as Northwestern night. Last year was
the first time that a meeting of North
western alumni had ever been held
in this city and the organization was
perfected at that time. At the coming
meeting matters' ot interest to the
local alumni will be discussed and
election of officers for the ensuing
year will be held. All Northwestern
alumni in the city! are urged to com
municate witit Korjert U. Neety, Lity
National bank building. Phone Doug
las 3908, as soon as possible.
Presbyterian Women Plan
Patriotic Sewing Meets
The seventy-five women of the
First Presbyterian church who are
planning to sew at the war relief
rooms in the Baird building Tuesday
to make hospital supplies will hold a
preparedness meeting Monday after
noon at 2:33 at the parish house.
"We desire to crowd the room with
workers one day a week and prove
that First Presbyterian church women
are not 'slackers,'" said Mrs. W. H.
Milroy in her appeal to the women.
Miss Jessie Millard, as well as Mrs.
Milroy, is instrumental in calling the
Empress Gardens to Have
An Extensive Program
Mr. Hutsell, manager of the enter
tainmcnt at the Empress Garden, an.
nouuees a new program for the com'
ing week, starting Monday. In ad
dition to the quartet, soloists and
Walter Adams, Omaha's popular
dance impersonator, the following at
tractions have been secured:
Miss "Patsy" Murphy, assisted by
J. Harrold Williams, in classic dance.
Also the juvenile entertainers, Thel-
ma Walpa and Tommy Bonney, who
made their debut in song and dance at
the Orpheum last January.
American Troops Put in
' Shape to Take the Field
San Antonio. Tex., May 5. The ac
tion of General Pershing in perfecting
plans for placing forces of the South
ern department on an army corns
basis makes American troops ready to
take the field under that organization
for the first time since the civil war.
Announcement of the plan of organi
zation was made today at headquar
Has a Good Opinion of Chamberlain's
"Chamberlain's Tablets are a won.
der. I never sold anything that beat
them.' writes r. B. Iressev. Rich
mond Ky. When troubled with indi- i
gestion or constipation give them a
rPAN velour cloth
was chosen for
the honor of mak
ing this coat cape.
And the woman
who chooses to
wear it will do all
honor to her own
good taste. Collar
and girdle show
great breadth a t
the back, but when
the belt slides
under the wing
cape . i t narrows
abruptly and 'also
matches in width
the smart little
cuffs which tip the
sleeves. The hat
is of burgundy red
lisere, edged with
rosette -like orna
ments which alter
nate with little
Cones o f black
heckle. This is a
THE JAGIC CITY
Seriousness of Live Stock Sit
uation Should Appeal to Con
sumer and Producer.
BANK DOUBLES DEPOSITS
Warsu'ng of the seriousness of the
live stock and food situation,"., as
sounded at the conference of leading
bnsiness men of the state at Lincoln,
will have a tendency to cause farmers
and stock growers fully to appreciate
the situation and make special ertorts
to increase production, commission
men t say.
l ie scarcity of tood and live stocK
is not a matter that should be considered-
bv the farmer onlv.'i said a
commission man yesterday. "The con
sumers should take need ot tne
alarming state of affairs and curb
their appetites a little. The visible
supply of meat is very low. At the
present rate of consumption we will
be having meatless days by August.
If the people will get along witn
less meat they will conserve the sup
ply and possibly extend the date
when the government will be com
pelled to order noimeats sold on cer
I here is very little hope of im-
mediate relief. The outlook for meat
animals this fall is discouraging, as
the losses of sheep and cattle on the
western, ranges last winter were
unusually heavy. The prospects for
big crops this fall are none too bright.
I tell you it looks bad."
Going to Louisville.
Delegates of the National " Live
Stock convention at Louisville, Ky.,
will leave Omaha May IS. The dele
gation trom here will consist ot nine
members of the Live Stock exchange,
five of the members will take their
wives making fourteen in the party.
Bank Doubles Deposits.
The Live Stock National bank of
South Omaha, according to the an
nouncement of the comptroller of cur
rency, is the only'bank in the United
States in the $5,000,000 class that
doubled its deposits during the twelve
months prior to March 5, 1917. Dur
ing the period the increase was 114
"We've got it inside of, us and
you've got us inside the jail, if you
want to know where we got our sup
ply of booze, why, just go ahead and
find out. We're not telling anything."
So spoke John Dunn, no address;
Charles Huller, Twenty-sixth and L
and Louis Tornsit, Twenty-fifth and
Q, When they were brought to the
station by Officers Jackman and
Fleming. The police say Dunn is
more at home in the South Side jail
than any place else, hence he gave
no address. ,
The three had the finest assortment
of prohibition pickles that the police
Magic City Gossip.
For Rent Stores, houses, cottars and
flan. SOUTH OMAHV INVESTMENT CO.
Mist Maria McKternan, who was Injured
New Discovery Ends Corn Misery
Touch a Corn with Ice-Mint, Then
lift it Right Off-It Won't Hurt a Bit
Soreness Stops Quickly, then
Hert U th reil "Corn Killer" at It.
Sy Bood-bys to your old corn talvt and
plaatera, for that Pet Corn of yours ia
sure to be a "Goner" if it ever feela the
Mania touch of Ice-mint. Thia ia a new
discovery made from a Japanese product
and tt it certainly a wonder the way it
ends eorn misery. From the very second
that Ice-mint touches that sore, tender
com your poor tired, aching feet will feel
ao cool, easy and comfortable that you
will just sigh with relief. Ihink of it;
only a lfttte touch of that cooling, tooth
In an automobile accident Wednesday, la
rapidly improving-. ,
FIRE INSURANCE, cholca ot 12 leading
companies; prompt service, lowest rates.
Omaha War Nevis
Lieutenant Wilbur of Company A
of the Fourth Guard has been de
tailed as recruiting officer for the en
listed men's reserve corps by the army
central department at Chicago. .' He
will receive applications from, other
men fitted to serve the army in spe
cialized capacities when needed.
Attorney AmOs Thomas on Satur
day received his commission as a
captain of cavalry in the army offi
cers' reserve corps. Attorney Anan
Raymond was also commissioned at
the same time by the War department,
but the commission had not reached
his office at 2 p. m. Saturday, although
supposed to have been mailed from
Washington with Thomas'.
Positions as yeomanettes on active
duty at the navy recruiting station
have a new significance to Miss Ruby
Jane Busse and Miss Emma Hen
dricks. They received the first of three
typhoid prophylaxis treatments Sat
urday, to render them immune to ty
phoid, and are now nursing slightly
sore-arms. The prophylaxis serum is
injected into the upper arm with a
hollow needle. Bysthis means typhoid
has been eliminated from all branches
of American military service.
Recruits in Colonel C. L. Mather's
volunteer regiment, which he plans to
offer the government for service in
France, will have rifle practice this
morning at 9 o'clock at the Greater
Omaha Rifle club's range near the end
of the East Omaha street car line.
Colonel Mather says that about 350
men have applied to join his regiment.
Many applicants are out-of-town men,
he says. "I have no criticism to make
of the National Guard," he says," "and
have always had high respect for. it.
Any idea that I have cast aspersions
upon the Guard is due to misunder
standing. Such was neither made nor
intended." His proposed regiment will
drill and prepare during spare time,
so that members may continue work
until such time as they may be accept
ed for service in France, he says.
Gifts of, flowers, magaaines and
other remembrances will be appreciat
ed by several National, Guardsmen in
the post hospital at Fort Crook, says
Lieutenant Reeves, surgeon in charge.
Four or five-lads of the Omaha bat
talion are on sick quarters there.
Eight recruits have been signed up
so far in Omaha for the machine gun
company of the Fjfth Nebraska ,Na
tional Guard. Chaplain Jean Cobbey
is using his law offices in the Keeline
building as a recruiting station. The
latest volunteers for the Fifth here
are Robert A. Jeffrey, school principal
at Orleans, and Donald G. Rozelle of
the South Side, whose father is a well
known mail carrier. The Fifth regi
ment expects to be called into federal
service soon, to take the place of the
Fourth on home guard duty, when
that regiment is ordered away for ac
tive war service.
the Corn Shrivels and Lifts Off.
and See. .. .
ing Ice-mint and -real foot Joy Is yours.
No pain, not . a bit of soreness, either
when applying it or afterwards and it
doesn't even irritate the skin. j
Hard corns, soft corn or corns be
tween the toea, also toughened callouses,
just shrivel up and lift off so easy. It is
wonderful! Just ask in any Drug Store
for a .tttlt Ice-mint and give your poor,
suffering, tired feet the treat of their
lives. There is nothing better, or noth
ing "just as good." -
Socks and Socks and More Socks, y
Plea Omaha Women Are Answering
"Socks and socks and more socks
is the cry I heard in the east," said
Mrs, S. D. Barkalow when soeakine
of the knitting crusade which the wo
men of the United states and particu
larly the Omaha women arc just
It is said that millions of socks arc
needed by the army now being equip
ped for war, and that there are not
enough socks in all the factories, mer
cantile establishments, Commissaries
and Red Cross supply centers of the
entire country to fit out for even a
tnree-day march halt the 1,000.000
men now being called.
J. he Kitchener sock which is un-
shaped, long and straight is favored
by the fcnglish soldiers, but here are
the directions used by those preferring
iu matte mc regular ones.
Knit two plain, two purl for four Inches.
Knit plain for two and one-half inches.
narrow two stltchas, seven rows plain, do
ing this five times, and after the fifth nar
rowing knit two and one-half inches plain.
Take off thirty-four stitches for heel and
make double heel for two and one-half
Inches. Then turn heel.
Pick up twenty Inches on each side. Knit
two together, evening off until you have
seventy stitches left in all.
Knit nine Inches from end of heel. Nar
row every sixth stitch for one row. then
knit five rows plain. Narrow averv fifth
stitch, then knit five rows plsln and so on
until six stitches are left. Then bind off.
Miss Caroline Barkalow has iust
completed her list for the , surgical
dressings class, the first of its kind to
be held in Omaha. Under the instruc
tion of Miss Nellie Calvin, who' re
turned yesterday from Chicago, where.
sne nnisnea a cours.htting her to be
come an instructor.
The women will meet in the Lyric
building Monday and Thursday
mornings at 9:30 o'clock and Tuesday
and Friday afternoons at 2:30. The
class is composed of the following
women who will be fitted to become
instructors after the course. Mes-
dames George Voss, chairman; E. L.
Bridges, Walter Fage, Ben Wood, jr.;
James Tancock, John Trinder, W. W.
Waddell, Milton Barlow, Clement
Chase, Tames Shanon, and the Misses
Gertrude Metz, Margaret Bruce,
Helcne Bixby, Catherine Thummel,
Mary, Megeath, Mary Richardson,
Gladys Peters, Elizabeth Reetf, Sidney
Stebbins, Mae Davis and iCaroline
Seniors at Central High
Form "Bachelors" Club
A group of seniors at the Central
High school have formed a club
known as the "Bachelors." To be elig
ible to membership in this club the
candidate must have won a letter in
some branch of athletics, have been
president of the class, editor of the
school paper, presidents the stu
dent association or hold a captaincy
or a higher office in the cadet regi
Real Economy "Safe Tea" First
It is the cheapest beverage next to water
1 1 You get four cups - for a cent-and
delicious refreshment when you drink'
Third, to Build a Truck That
Would Be Simple to Operate
In fact, so simple to operate that a woman
could quickly learn its manner of action andv
manage it readily without any effort.
Because a truck is designed and intended for
strenuous duty is no excuse for its being hard to
manipulate or requiring an expert driver. In
deed, such a condition would be a great draw
back to "its daily use, while in an emergency
when much would depend on its ease of control,
its utility would be unduly hampered if unusual
skill or strength were required of the driver.
,So, the makerssof GMCs set down as the
third feature that must distinguish their truck
that of being "Simple to Operate."
Members of the National League
for Women Service, who met Saturday
morning for their first lesson in physi-'
cal drill at the Kimball home, 2236 St.
Mary's avenue, were more than en
thusiastic, according t Miss Arabel
Kimball, commandant for this detach
ment. They began with the simplest
of the Russian ballet work under the
direction of Miss Katherine Grable.
"We hope to develop our general
health and make good strong muscles
so we will be ready to answer any
emergency call that may come later
on in cfther departments of the Na
tional league work. Health must -be
conserved first of all," said Miss Kim
For the present the women wilt drill
in one-piece dresses, but later on they
will adopt khaki uniforms.
"One member, telling of the work in
another city, said that women who
were unable to run from their gate to
the house could, after drilling a few
weeks, run around the block without
losing their breath," said Miss Kim
ball. The women in the class which will
meet every Saturday morning are as
follows: Mesdames J. C. Dahlman,
Paul Hoagland, Rex Morehouse, Wil
lian McKeen, Lowrie Childs, P. R.
Kimball, T. R. Kimball, S. S. Caldwell,
M-irium Patterson - Boyce, Henry
Doorly and the Misses Mary I. Wal
lace, Leeta Holdredge, Arabel Kim
ball, Joy Higgins and Bertha White.
Headquarters for the National
League for Woman Service will move
from 304 to 312 South Sixteenth street
in the First National bank building.
Mrs. Charles Weller, in behalf o(
a group of women living at the Black
stone, has "offered to make hospital
supplies at the Daughters of the
American Revolution headquarters in
the Army building. The women are
planning to meet on Fridays.
A patriotic meeting will be held at
Central High school Wednesday after
noon, to interest people in Red
Cross and National League for Wo
man Service work. The necessity of
physical drill for women will be em
phasized by Captain James F. Mc
Kinley and Mrs. George Doane, who
will be the principal speakers.
ment. Charter members are William
Alley, Bernie Holinquist, Clarence
Moore, Charles Morearty, Paul Nich
olson, James Williamson, ' Edward
Winterton, Lawrence Hogue, Robert
Booth, Frank Campbell, Dwight
Chase,s Owen Comp, Charles Crowe,
Warren Ege and Dwight Higbee
among the students; Harold Mulligan
and Fred Spinning of the faculty and
Clarence Dunham, alumnus.
Persistent Advertising Is the Road
Awarded Gold Medal, an Francisco, 1915
Grand Prize, San Diego, 1916
SLOAN WILL FIGHT '
Fourth District Congressman
to Go on Floor to Oppose
Tax on Ads.'
BITTERNESS CROPPING OUT
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, May 5. (Special .
Telegram.) The committee on ways
and means today did some lofty
tumbling in perfecting the war tax
By a sharp division, the main com
mittee supported the subcommittee's
recommendations creating zones for
second class postage matter and
turned down-Representative Sloan's
compromise as to the increase to
Upon the question of munitions
the committee refused to increase the
tax over the subcommittee's report
and then in the same breath voted a
tax of 5 per cent on all advertise
ments appearing in any newspapei
having second class mailing
This is a heavy tax and Mr. Sloan
will not only take his compromise
zone tax on second class matter to
the floo' as well as the tax on ad
vertisements, but hopes to have sup
port from the members of the com
A good deal of bitterness was
shown in the consideration of the
war revenue bill today and it looks
as if it might grow.
Big Crowd Attends Hop
Given by Ball Players
What is said to have been the big
gest crowd ever assembled at a dance
in the Swedish auditorium was pres
ent at the social given last night by
the Metropolitan Amateur Base Bail
league. About 750 persons were on
Included in the Metropolitan Base
Ball league are: The Stags, Wood-
men of the World, Beddeos, Kraji
ceks, Western Unions and Modern
The proceeds from the affair will
be split into purses for the teams
standing highest at the end of the
Omaha Woman Director of
Opera Given in Lincoln
Madame Laure De Vilmar of Oma
ha directed the opera "Geisha," wFch
was presented in Lincoln at the Oli
ver theater last week. Her husband,
Jean Shaffer, conducted a symphony
orchestra of fifty pieces and three
Omaha students of Madame -De Vil
mar played leading roles. They were
Miss Magdaline Whitley, Mrs. Ruth
Tackson and Albert Gladwin.
While Sturdy and Rugged
are noteworthy because of the ease
with which they can be handled.
Their utter simplicity of operas
tion and freedom from compli
cated parts means that anyone can
successfully manage them without
Ask any GMC driver about his
truck you'll get information of
vital interest to you, or
"Put It Up to Us
to SHOW YOU"
H. E. Sidles, General Mgr.
Lee Huff, Mgr.
S. C. Douglas, Mgr.
HENRY & CO.,
WKa amas comfaws M
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