Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 27, 1917, Image 1

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The Omaha Daily - Bee
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Rain or Snow .
VOL. XL VI. NO. 268.
. ,l'"'K:!ci:!:'!r. single copy two cents.
" ;"
Omaha Dealer Declares Specu
lators Are Holding Supplies
to Force Housewives to
Pay Fancy Figures.
More Sugar in Warehouses
' Than tor Two Years at This
Season, Says Broker.
With more raw sugar in stock in
the United States April 4. 1917, than
there was on the corresponding date
for Jhe two preceding years, and
though these raws cost very littte
more than k year ago, the price of re
fined sugar has been boosted $1.75
per hundred pounds above the' price
a year ago.
These and other salient facts in the
sugar situation were brought to the
attention of Senator George W. Nor
ris of Nebraska by Omaha brokers
following a survey of the whole situa
tion. Senator Norris is urged to
cause a congressional investigation of
the sugar situation.
Get More Than Expected.
Attention of the senator is called
to the fact that the beet sugar manu
facturers stored their tugar last Octo
ber with the expectation of marketing
it at from $4.50 to $5 per hundred
pounds. In spite of this they are now
demanding $8.53 per hundred, whole
sale.for the sugar in storage.
The New York Coffee and Sugar
exchange for the week ending April
7 gives the official quotations for raw
sugar, Cuban centrifugals, 96 degrees
Mr-h :
April J
Al.rll y
April 7,
.18. 45
Last year during the corresponding
' dates the price was $6.14.
Rise Is on Refined Sugar.
Standard granulated sugar for the
above mentioned date. was quoted at
$8.50, while standard granulated last
year for, the corresponding lates was
$7.25.;' v
Thus, while the cost of raws is not
over 6 per cent higher than last year,
the refined sugar is 17 to 20 per cent
higher tlian last year.
Senator Norris' attention has been
called to the fact that the tonnage of
raw sugar on hand at present is ap
proximately three times as great as
that on hand a year ago at this time,
yet dealers j and refiners are pleading
shortage. -
More on Hand Now.
The tonnage of stocks of raw sugar
in the United States'April 4 this year
and the two preceding years was as
follows :
T1917. 1916. 1915.
311,340 tons 120,405 tons 270,079 tons
"These sugars," the letter to Sen
ator Norris reads, "were obtained by
the trust at prices ranging from $4.56
to $5.96. There can be no excuse on
the grounds of the great demand for
No Sugar to Great Britain.
"The Roya4- Sugar commission of
Great Britain in its last decree re-
' stricted the importation of sugar, and
as a result its importation has actually
decreased during the last four months
68,000 tons below the quaitify import
ed during the same four months last
year. This same condition is true
x with reference to France. If ever
there was a case of an unjustified in
crease and positive robbery by the
sugar kings; if ever there was such an
open and flagrant violation of alt laws
and of principles that are conducive
to the public welfare without the
slightest regard for ti e law of supply
and demand, the present sugar mar
ket is such a cascv"
The Weather
Tor Xebranlia liain east, rain or snow
wesi ponton.
Temprntur at Omnha Yesterday.
Hour. Dcf.
i a. m ZH
.'M.m j-iHlerday.
rffiiii lemraftire. . , . us
'r.-cipjttiilou 25 T .09 .68
Tc;nipt'riiture and precipitation drpat-turca
from the normal at Omaha slurp March J
and compared with ths last tiro years:
Normal temperature -jg
LWlency for tlio day IT
Total exceas altire March I "" 67
Normal precipitation lnl'ne'h
Eice for the day !lii lnrh
Total rainfall alnee March 1.... 3. 34 Inehej
Iieflclency for cor. period. 1916. 1 .a Inches
Deficiency (or cor period, 1916. 1.41 Inches
Report! From stations at 7 p. m.
Station and State. Temp. High- Raln
of Weather. J p. m. est. fall.
Cheyenne, cloudy 26 3. -4
Itavrnport, cloudy 4t Mi 'on
1'env.r, rata 3J 61 ' y
De. Moines, rain ,
Dodge City, cloud 42 64 H
Lander, snow a.'
Sorth Platte, anow T
Umaha, rain 36 4; 25
T'ueblo, cloudy i4 ,
Hapld City snow 30 :;.
Halt Lake, cloudy m 54 j:";4
Santa Ve, rlouUj , ',.
.Sheridan, snow 31. 40 .til
Si.u!i Clij, cloudy :;n 4; .on
aliil!ne. anew ...... so .54
'T' Indicates trace or precipitation.
L. A. WELSH. Meteorologist.
pi m
' r U. m 36
Comparative lxnal Records. I
1917. 11S. 1915. UK.
CI !3 :
31 40 j9 an I
Washington, April 26. In a state-
, ment to the American press today,
Rene Viviani. France's vice-premier
I and head of the war mission," said the
I co-operation of the United States
I would mean not only a military vie
j tory, which already was assured, but
a victory of morality and right.
I Expressing deep gratitude for the
enthusiastic reception given his mis
sion here, M. Viviani said he realized
it was "not to us. but to our beloved
and heroic France." ,
M. Viviam's statement to the Wash-
I ingion con csponnenis louows:
i "I promised to receive you after
I having reserved, as elementary 'cour
' tesy, required, my first communica
I tion solely for the president. 1 have
k.j .t.- !....,. ...u:u t ,1 -j
with other members of the mission,
of being received by liim.
Praise for President.
"1 am indeed happy to have been
chosen to present the greetings of the
French republic to the illustrious man
whose nam; is in every French mouth
today, whose incomparable message
is at this very hour being read and
commented upon in all our schools as
the most perfect character of human
rights and which so fully expresses
the virtuesf your race long suffer
ing patience before appealing to
force; and force to avenge that long
suffering patience when there can be
no other means.
"Since y;u are here to listen to me,
I ask you to repeat a thousand fold
Mhe expression of our deep gratitude
tor the enthusiastic reception the
American people has granted us in
Washington. It is not to us, but to
our beloved and heroic France that
reception was accorded. We were
Marshal Discusses With Sec
retary and General Scott
American . Cooperation
With Allied Armies.' ""?""'
Distinguished Visitors Ex
change Felicitations With
Chief Executive.
Washington, 'April 26. Marshal
Joffre had a two-hour conference late
today with Secretary Baker and Major
General Scott at the home of former
Ambassador White, discussing Amer
ican co-operation with the allied
armies in France,
The commission began its first day
in Washington with a round of official
calls. They visited at the State, War
and Navy departments.
Former Premier Viviani, head of
the mission, Marshal Joffre, Admiral
Chocheprat and Viscount de Cham
bruri called at Secretary Lansing's
office. v 4
The clerks of the great building
lined the halls and gave the French
men a reception of almost continu
ous cheers and handclapping.
After spending a few minutes with
Secretary Lansing, M. Viviani, Mar
shal Joffre and Admiral Chocheprat
went over to the White House to be
formally received by President Wil
son. Reception in Blue Room.
At the main entrance of the execu
tive mansion a large party oi the
president's army and navy aides in
full dress uniforms met the French
men. Salutes were exchanged and the
guests were ushered into the Blue
room, where President Wilson was
waiting to receive them.
Since neither Minister Viviani nor
Marshal Joffre speak English. M.
Hovelaque acted as interpreter. After
the president had shaken hands with
members of the mission, M. Viviani
went to the capitol, accompanied by
Assistant Secretary Phillips, while
Marshal Joffre, accompanied by Col
onel Spencer Crosby of the army and
Lieutenant Commander Robert L.
Berry of the navy, walked from the
executive mansion to the state, wac
and navy building.
Felicitations Exchanged.
President Wilson in the brief ex
change of greetings told the French
commissioners how deeply the
can people appreciated the action of
the frencn republic in sending tlie
commission to the United States and
Minister Viviani replied, saying that
the French people felt very deeply
the bond of friendship between the
two nations, cemented by the entrance
of the United States into the war.
While at the White House M. Vi
viani presented .to President Wilson
a letter from President Poincaire.
Later today M. Viviani accepted an
invitation from Vice President Mar
shall to appear on the senate floor
Saturday or Monday. The former
premier of France will make a brief
address, which probably will be inter
preted by Senator Lodge.
Mob Wrecks Office of
German Paper in Brazil
Rio Janerio, Brazil, April 26. A
dispatch from Curitiba, southern Bra-'
zil. today says that a mob attacked!
the offices of a German newspaper
which had criticised Ruy Barbosa,;ing for exercise and recreation. He
Brazilian ainliatsi.dnr to Argentina. took a ride yesterday afternoon and
Two soldiers were Mounded j planned to go out again today.
proud to he her children in those un
forgettable moments when we read in
the radiance of the, faces we saw the
noble sincerity of your hearts.
Purpose of Visit.
"And I desire to thank also the
press of the United States, represent
ed by you. 1 fully realize the ardent
and disinterested help you have given
by your tireless propaganda in the
cause of right: I know vour action
has been incalculable. Gentlemen, 1
thank you.
"We have come to this land to
salute the American people and its
government, to call to fresh vigor
our life-long friendship, sweet and
cordial in the ordinary course' of our
lives, and which those tragic hours
have raised to all the ardor of broth
erly love a bortherly love which in
the last years of suffering has multi
plied its most touching experssions
you have given help, not only in treas
ure, in every act of kindness and good
will; for us your children have shed'
their blood, and the names of your
sacred dead are inscribed forever in
our hearts.
"And it was with a full knowledge
of the meaning 'of w hat you did that
you acted. Your inexhaustible gener
osity was not the charity of tlye for
tunate to the distressed; it was an
affirmation of your conscience, a rea
soned approval Of your judgment.
.Will Fght to End.
"Your fellow countrymen knew that
under the savage assault of a na
tion of prey, which has made of war,
to quote a famous saying, its na
tional industry, we were upholding
with our incomparable allies, faithful
and valiant to the death, with all
(fontinuMl orVhk Tin, Column On.)
Two Hundred Million-Dollar
Loan Will Be Asked of
Banks Soon.
Washington," April 26. Secretary
McAdoo is considering another offer
ing f. f.'OO.OOO.OOO JiLireasurj , Wr
tifica'tes, due June 30, 'to the banks of
the country within the next ten days.
The second offering of treasury cer
tificates, if made soon, probably will
follow the same course as that
adopted in the first offer of $250,000.
000, from which $200,000,000 was
loaned yesterday to Great Britain.
Conferences as to the further needs
of the entente governments were
continued today, the immediate neces
sities of Italy being especially consid
ered. Balfour and McAdoo Agree.
British Foreign Minister Balfour
and Secretary McAdoo have arrived
at a complete understanding on
questions affecting finance, trade ship
ping, banking, exchange and kindred
problems, it was announced today.
The working out of the details of
the' broad principles outlined will
form the major portion of the next
ten days' work of the commission.
. The foremost point of difference
between the American and allied gov
ernments relates to trade both with
the enemy and with neutral govern
ments. There is a gap between the
extreme which this government be
lieves justified under international law
and the practices of the allies. As a
'result the United States will pass as
strict laws as possible and allow the
entente to carry out other restrictions
which they have found necessary.
The British commissioners received
a letter of greeting from M. Viviani.
Mr. Balfour lunched at the British
embassy and paid an official call on
khe French commission. Later he re
ceived a call from the Chinese minis
ter. Britons Lift Black List.
London, April 26. (5:25 p. nO
The British black list of shipping has
been withdrawn, so far as it concerns
the United States.
Seized German Ships Will
Sail Under U. S. Flag Shortly
Washington, April 26. Legislation
to give the government direct con
trol of American" shipping will be
asked of congress soon, it was learned
today after a conference between
the shipping committee of the coun
cil of national defense with members
of the shipping board.
Within thirty days the shipping
board can put into trans-Atlantic serv-
- V6.VKH) additional tons of shipping.
, - nr.c . c-. . '
Ameri-te.OOO tons German vessel
der repair. The German ships will be
ready ior service within less than ten
President Wilson is
Against Rigid Censorship
Washington, April 26. President
Wilson in a letter to Arthur Brisbane
of New York declared today that he
is opposed to any system of censor
ship that would deny to the people of
the United States "their indisputable
right to criticize their own public
He wrote that whatever action con
gress may decide upon lie will not
expect to permit any tfw to shield
him against criticism.
President Takes to
Horseback Riding
Washington. April 26. President
Wilson has taken uo horseback rid
Indications that Momentous
Events Are About to Hap
pen Behind Firing
Lines. x
Socialists and Workmen Flan
Demonstrations in Germa
ny, Spain and Sweden.
Amsterdam (Via London),
April 26. The Tijd's German cor
respondent says that Dr. Von
Bethmann-Hollweg, the imperial
German chancellor, in his next
speech in the reichstag will spe
cifically propose peace terms in
greater detail.
Copenhagen (Via London).
April 26. It is reported that
Philip Scheidmann, leader of the
German majority socialists, who
recently visited Copenhagen in an
endeavor to bring about a peace
between Russia and Germany, is
again here.
To Republicanize Germany,
Washington, April 26. Official
dispatches from Berne to the State
department announced the appoint
ment there of a committee for propa
ganda in favor of the establishment
of a republican form of government in
Germany, headed by Dr. Roese
Meyer, former editor of the Morgen
Post of Berlin.
(Hf Tha Aaaorlaled TrtM.) '
Revolutionary mutterings which
were ominously, swelling through
Europe were drowned in the thun
ders of the' great battle now raging,
but indications are not lacking that
momentous events are about to occur
behind the fighting lines.
The summary adjournment of the
Reichstag, when its sittings had bare
ly opened, is given added significance
by hints in the German press that the
strike agitation in Germany may
burst forth with renewed violence on
May day, the- great mrernatioiral so
cialist holiday, A nanon-wiac lanor
demonstration in Sweden is also
planned for that day, and may have
its counterpart in Spain.
. . Austria Wants Peace.
Xo news of any importance has
come from Austria in-several days, a
fact which has given fresh vigor to
the ever-recurrent report of inten
tions or efforts on the, part of the
dual monarchy to seek a separate
peace. No confirmation of the re
ports is available fromany reliable
source, but there, is more definite tid
ing of the status'of affairs in Turkey,
the third member of Germany's im
perial triumvirate.
Returning travelers tell appalling
stories of the devastation wrought by
disease and starvation in the Otto
man empire.
Quarter Million on Strike.
Washington, April 26. Reports to
the State department, through official
channels, tell of a strike of 250,000
laborers in Berlin. The department
says the incident shows the growth
of desire forfceace on the part of the
workmen. It is reported also that
bread rations have been reduced from
sixty to fifty ounces a week.
Newspaper reports'from Berlin is
sued in summarized form by the
State department today said that the
strikers returned to work under threat
of being sent to the front.
Germans Tighten Censorship.
Copenhagen (Via -London), April
26. The protests of a socialist repre
sentative in the Reichsta-tommittee
yesterday revealed the faQ that Ger
man newspapers must now'submit to
censorship before being permitted to
leave the country, so as to block the
channel through which disagreeable
news has reached foreign ears.
Austrian Parliament Convoked.
Vienna, April 26. (Via London.)
Official announcement, was made here
today that the Austrian government
had decided to convoke Parliament
for May 30 to deal with questions of
food supply and with "economic, so
cial and financial problems." The Par
liament has not been in session since
before the war.
Food Riots in Sweden.
Copenhagen (Via London), April
26. Xew food demonstrations at
Stockholm arc reported by the Dag
ens Xyhcter. The military com
mander issued an order forbidding the
sol'liers to attend a socialist meeting.
Despite thi3 order, however, several
hundred soldiers participated in a
great meeting.
Omaha to Furnish More Than
Its Full Quota of Officers
Omaha will furnish more than its
rjuota of officers for the first army of
MHX0O0 men, according to present in
dications. Colonel Root, in charge of
preliminaries for reserve officer train
ing, said that he had received almost
200 applications in addition to several
score more who had . previously ap
plied from Omaha. Beginning May 8.
2,500 candidates for commissions will
be given three months' training at
Fort Snclling.
Duster roll for omaha.
..Thursday. Total.
Army -r.....21 1,248
Navy 7 508
National Guard .'. 6 309
Marine Corps 1 36
Totals , 35 2,101
For Posterity
. j ; - ; I ,
V : ,' ;
' (?oWBl
Britons Expept U. ft. Will Do
"Much to Solve Growing: Sub
sea Menace, Says Board
of Trade Chief.
Beresford, in House of Lords,
BranfJs Admiralty Reports of
Losses as Misleading. '
London. April 26. A grave warn
ing that "the submarine menace may
be an important factor in deciding
the outcome of the war was sounded
today by Sir Albert Stanley, presi
dent of the British Board of Trade.
Addressing a luncheon of business
men, Sir Albert said:
No Weapon Yet Found.
"We have not yet found a way of
dealing with the submarines so as to
remove the danger of their being an
enormous factor in determining the
oulrome of the war.
"The effect of the submarine war
upon the existence of the British em
pire is simply this that we cannot
continue to bring into this country all
the supplies and materials required
for our existence, for the continuation
of the war and for the actual needs
of our indiKtries.
''Our courage and perseverance .will
be tested to the utmost before success
comes, and 1 have no doubt we will
overcome all obstacles."
Criticises Admiralty.
In the House of Lords today Ad
miral Baron Beresford criticizetl the
admiraltys' weekly returns of ship
ping losses as "seriously misleading
since they omit losses of neutrals
through which this country is now
really being fed. while the totals of
arrivals and sailings include both neu
tral and allied vessels."
In reply, Lord l.ytton said that no
essential facts were running than be
fore February 1.
British Use Big Guns With
Telling Effect in Arras Battle
Outstanding Feature of Strug-1
glo Is Superiority of the
English Artillery.
Loudon, April 26. The outstanding
feature of the second phase of the
battle of Arras is the definite estab
lishment of superiority in artillery by
the British and it is due to this su
periority that they have been able ,to
maintain a successful offensive, said
Major General F. B. Maurice in his
weekly talk with the Associated Press
today. ;
General Msurice declared that the
Germans had drawn onto their stra
tegic reserves and brought up new
fort .a in an attempt to stem the on
slaught, hut that the British machine
was working without a hitch. The
German losses had been terrific and
thousands of dead, he said, were lying
in front of the British lines. In the
eighteen days of the Arras battle,
General Maurice continued, the Brit
Delegation Receives Telegrams
and Lettera Setting Forth
Different Ideas.
' J "trVom a staff Carrpondnt. ;
Washington, 'April 26. (Special
Telegram.) The Nebraska delegation
is being bombarded with telegrams
and letters for and against the socallrd
selective draft bill. The preponder
ance of these telegrams being in fa
vor of the conscription plan of raising
an army. Here and there, however,
is found a prominent citizen in favor
of the volunteer bill.
Ex-Governor Morehead of Ealls
City wired members of tht delegation
late last evening that conscription for
army service was unpopular and should
he used only as a last resort for na
tional defense. '
Morehead Against Draft,
"Conscription," he said, "for Euro
pean service exceeding unpopular. My
associations such that I know the
sentiment of the rank and file. No
measure so unpopular during my life
time as drafting our boys for Euro
pean service. Let those go who are
willing to volunteer is the unanimous
In opposition to the position of the
ex-governor,'' Congressman. Lobeck
and members of the delegation re
ceived twenty-five to thirty telegrams
from the members of the Rotary club
of Omaha strongly urging, the dele
gation to support the president in his
war measures and vote for the selec
tive draft plan.
Mayor Dahlnian wires Mr. Lobeck
as follows: '
"Am in favor of conse'ription bill
as endorsed by the president. Hope
you can vote that way."
Hill Estate in Minnesota
Is Worth $51,179,889
St. Paul, April 26. The estate of
the late Jitmes J. Hill, subject to pro
bate in Minnesota, is valued at $51,
179.88V.58, according to a report of
the appraisers tiled here. Of this $1,
373,779.5.1 is real estate. The inheri
tance tax will be approximately $1,
489,370. ish casualties had been something less
than half what they were in the cor
responding period of the Somme of
fensive, while the numbers of prison
ers ad guns captured were much
greater than in the same period on the
The general also said that the Brit
ish have definitely established their
superiority in the air.
French Headquarters tit France,
Wednesday Evening, April 25. The
Germans today unsuccessfully hurhrd
masses of men against Hurtebisc
farm, westward of Craonne. The only
result of several strong German at
tempts to recover the territory won
from them in the last week's severe
fighting was an enormous sacrifice of
some of their best troops.
During these attacks, the corre
spondent watched the French artillery
hurling wide salvos of shells, which
dropped with methodical precision oil
the German lines further eastward in
the vicinity of VilleAux-Bois. The
Germans were most reluctant to sur
render this position, as it with Cra-'
onne formed one of 1he pillars of their
line here. They still hold Craonne.
Thovtends tf Ilaa Are Sacri
I fioed in Fierce Counter At
tacks Ajjainst Advanc
j inj Entente Armias,
I Prisoners Say Teuton Army is
I Being Drdnod and Collapse
Must Come Soon.
London, April 26. Telegraphing to
day from liritisl headquarters in
France, Renter's correspondent says
"The' Germans arc still hurrying up
fresh reserves to press their countcs
attacks. They are lighting a great
delaying battle, although not now
s'anding upon any well prepared sys
tem of defenses, a"d can only hope to
check our advance by using up great
masses of troops whose breasts have
taken the place of parapets.
"This policy must result in greatly
accelerating the process of exhaus
tion, and if continued long the situa
tion will resolve itself into the simple
problem of which side can longest
maintain the deadly pace.
"Prisoners declare that the German
army is now being drained at a rate
which brings collapse within a meas
urable distance."
Renewed German attacks on Brit
ish positions near Gavrelle were re
pulsed last night, the war office an
nounced today.
French Oft", .ill Report.
Taris, April 26. The Germans vain
ly renewed their counter attacks last
night on tht high ground near the
Chemin-Ds-Dames, the war office re
ported. The statement follows:. .
, "On the bank of the Oise a Ger
man reconnoitering party attempted
to approach our trencher . near Moy,
but was repulsed.
"North ot the Aistte the enemy re
newed in vain his efforjs to expel us
from the plateau near the Chemin-Des-Damet.
,Aftef Violent bombard-
II i l II , ., lllll .1... I n limp iirr run,
ful attacks were made' on the front
about two kilometers west of Cerny.
These assaults were broken, hefore
our lines w ith very heavy losses tor
the enernv. Another effort in the re
gion of Hurtcbise farm was equally
unsuccessful. i
Near La Pompelle m the Cham
agne and also on the front between
iavarin farm and Tahure several sur
prise attacks by the enemy were re-
I pulsed. .
I - German Official Report.
Berlin, April 26 (Via London).
i The German position at Gavrelle, in
the Arras battle ijcld,' is now situated
at the eastern boundary ot tne village,
says today's army headquarters state
ment. German Journals
Claiming Victory
In Arras Battle
London,- April 26. The German
newspapers are claiming victory in
the battle of Arras, telegraphs the
correspondent at The Hague of the
Evening News. Tt Frankfurter
filling says:
"Tie second battle, of Arras can
never be made good by the British,
who lost it at enormous cost in men
and material." v
The Cologne Gazette says:
"German troops look across fields
piled with corpses of the British
army, which the-- have repelled suc
cessfully." The Cologne Volks Zeitung says:
"The Siegfried position has become
i an , elastic band, a living wall which
has dissolved the physical and moral
strength of the enemy."
Chinese Governors
Vote to Declare War
On German Empire
Peking, April 20. At a conference
of provincial and military governors,
at which the premier presided, it was
voted unanimously that China should
enter the war against Germany.
A janvass shows that. Parliament
I is overwhelmingly in favor of China
i declaring war, but President Li Yuan
Hung still is undecided,
Danish Crown Prince May x
Marry Swedish Princess
Copenhagen, April 26. (Via Lon
don.) The visit of King Christian of
Denmark to King Gustave of Sweden
was to discuss the possible engage
ment of Crown Prince 'Christian of
Denmark and. Princess Margaretha.
a daughter of Prince Charles of
Sweden, it is reported in a aispaicn
from Stockholm.
Own Your
Own Home
A Full Page of
Bargains in Hornet
will be found on the Want Ad
Pages of today's paper.
Turn to it now.