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U. S. SHIP SINKS GERM A N U-BOA T
The Omaha Daily Bee
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Telephone Tyler 1000
VOL. XLVI. TO. 267.
OMAHA, THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 26, 1917, FOURTEEN PAGES.
Or Trains, at Halals.
Nawi Hands. Itc, e,
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
(I. S. GUNNER SINKS
DIVER WITH FIRST
SHOT FIRED IN WAR
Steamer Mongolia in British
Waters Sends Undersea
Craft to Its Fate. With
. Well-Directed Shot.
HITS AT THOUSAND YARDS
Periscope Is Shot Away and
Enemy Craft Disappears
GUN NAMED T. R. DOES IT
London, April 25. Captain Rice of
the American steamship Mongolia,
which ha", arrived at a British port,
told the Associated Press today that
the Mongolia has fired the first gun
of the war for the United States and
sunk a German submarine.
The submarine, Captain Rice said,
-was about to attack the great liner in
British waters on April 19.
He declared there was absolutely
no doubt that the U-boat was hit and
that there was every reason to believe
it was destroyed.
i The naval gunners on board made
a clean hit at 1,000 yards. The peri
scope was seen to be shattered.
Shell Disappears at Once.
Even more pertinent a fact, as re
gards the ultimate fate of the sub
marine, was that the shell disappeared
immediately after the hit was made.
Tire captain stated that a shell al
wavs ricochets in the waters and can
be seen again unless it finds the mark.
Oil also was seen on the water alter
the submarine disappeared.
TSe Mongolia was going at full
speed and was a long distance away
when the spray and foam subsided.
but from the bridge the officers ob
served the spot through their glasses
and they arc confident the submarine
First Sighted Dead Ahead.
The periscope, was sighted dead
ahead on the last afternoon of the
voyage. The captain gave the order
tor full speed ahead, with the inten
tion of ramming the submarine.
The periscope disappeared, and i
few minutes later reappeared'on the
ship's, broadside. The gunners fired-.
tutting the periscope squarely and
throwing up a mountain ot water.
Captain Rice paid a high tribute to
the gunners who fired the shot that
sank a Uerman submarine.
"For five days and nights." he said,
"I did not have my clothes off and
we kept a big force of lookouts on
duty all the time. It was 5:20 o'clock
in the afternoon of the 19th that we
sighted the submarine. The officer
commanding the gunners was with
me on the bridge, where, in fact, we
had been the most of the time
throughout the voyage.
Alarm Is Given.
"There was a haze over the sea
at the -time. We had just taken
sounding, for we were getting near
shallow water and we were looking
at the lead when the first mate cried'
'There's a submarine off the port bowv
"The submarine was close to us, too
close, in fact, for its purposes and it
was submerging again m order to ma
neuvcr in a better position for tor
We saw the periscope go down and
the swirl of the water. 1 quickly or
dered the man at the wheel to pull it
to starboard and we swung the nose
of the ship toward the spot where the
submarine had been seen. We were
going at full speed ahead and two
minutes after we first sighted the U
boat it emerged again about 1,000
yards off. Its intention prdbably had
been to catch us broadside on. but
wtien it appeared wc had the stern
gun trained full upon it.
"The lieutenant gave the corrfmand
and the big gun boomed. We saw the
(Continued on trig Two, Column Two.)
For Nebraska Fair; warmer.
Temperature! at Omaha YeaMrdaf.
fi a. m.
7 a. m.
S a. m.
9 a. m.
10 a. lu
ll a. m.,
- noon . ,
1 p. m , ,
3 p. m 44
p. m 44
i p. m 45
6 p. m 44
" P. m 44
8 p. m 4:
Comparative Iral Record.
IB 17. 1916. 1915. 1314.
highest yesterday..., 45 bi, 73 81
Lowest yesterday 40 42 St 66
Mean temperature... 42 4R 98 68
1'recipltatloa 00 T. .01 .00
Temperature and precipitation departures
from the normal:
.Normal temperature 66
Itpflelency tor the day , J3
Total excess since March 1 84
Normal' precipitation 12 inch
TJeficlency for the day 12 inch
Tolal rainfall since March 1 3.09 Inches
Deficiency ini March I 6S inch
Iieflclency for .cor. period In 1916.1.73 inches
Ucflckncy for cor. period in 1916. l.!S Inches
Report From stations at 7 P, M.
Station and Slate. ' Temp. High-
of Weather. N 7 p. m. est,
Cheyenne, cloudy 64 66
Davenport, cloudy 46 60 J,
I'enwr, cloudy 64 6't
!is Moines, cloudy..., 41! 45
Vodge Ctly, plly. cldy.. c: 6S
Chicago,, cloudy id M
North Platte, clear..,. u4 80
Omaha, cloudy 44 43
Puet-lo, cloudy Hi
Tinpld City, cloudy 44 i
Suit Lake, cloudy G 7;
Snnta Ke, ptly. cldy.... p; tjj
AiinueapslliT, cloudy .... ,"6 31
SfoUK City, cloudy 4 444
V..I;nUiUi. ptly." cldy... U ' JO s
" ' t.i'dtc&tfs lrac of pr.-cli)ttalloii t
L. A. WELSH. .Mticoamitfibt.
TO SPEND MILLIONS FRANCE
BORROWS FROM U. S.
General Paul Vignal, one of the
three assigned as Marshal Joffre's
aide, is a brother of Madame August
M. Borglum of Omaha. He is mill'
tary and naval attache of the French
embassy at Washington, receiving his
rank as general only ten days ago.
lhis is the seeond time he has served
as military attache. His lirst term
was fifteen years ago.
He is also president of the French
commission in this country which
does the buying of all the supplies
tor the trench government, includ
ing munitions, automobiles, horses.
General Vignal has served hi
country nobly on the battlefield. He
took part in the battle of the Manic,
after which, as military engineer, he
fortified the towns of Callais, Bou
logne and Dunkerqiic on the coast.
"It's two years since he fortified
the coast trfivns which the Germans
tried steadfastly to capture, but they
haven't succeeded," said Madame
Paris Says One French Tor
pedo Boat Sunk in Battle
With German Destroyer..
INVADERS POT "TO" FLIGHT
Paris, April 25. Dunkirk was bom
barded by German destroyers early
this morning. British and French
patrol ships engaged the Germans,
one of the French torpedo boats being
sunk, according to an official an
The statement reads:
"A German destrover flotilla hnm-
barded Dunkirk between 2:15 and 2:25
this morning. The coast batteries re
plied and British and French patrol
ships engaged the enemy, who re
treated in the direction of Ostend at
une ot our torpedo boats was
sunk in the brief action. The enemy's
losses are not Knovyn.
Britons Must Be on
Bread Rations Soon,
Says Food Controller
.London, April 25. The British pub-
lie was solemnly warned today by
Lord Devonport, the British food con
troller, that the country's shipping
was being depleted daily in large
volume and that severe privations
menaced the nation" before the next
The warning was issued in the
House of Lords in response to a ques
tion by Lord Laminglon as to what
success had attended the efforts at
voluntary rationing and whether the
government intended to resort to
Insisting on the necessity of limit
ing consumption to four pounds- of
bread per capita weekly. Lord Devon-
port confessed that he was watching
the weekly figures of national con
sumption and reserves with growing
anxiety. He went on:
"Who can say when the war will
end? We must be prepared for all
contingencies, even the failure of the
present year's harvest. The continu
ance and increase -of the enemy's
submarine activity is another factor
without which our outlook upon the
future cannot be complete. There is
no margin for risks. Recognizing this
I have decided to set up the neces
sary machinery for rationing, in or
der to be prepared to deal with the
control and distribution of the sup
plies of bread, sugar and any other
food at short notice, if any, when
Villa's Main Army
Defeated by De Factos
Juarez, April 25. Carranza forces,
in command of General Eduardo Her
nandez, met and defeated the prin
cipal command of Francisco Villa at
Carmen, between San Buenaventura
and Moctezuma. yesterday morning.
according to the official report of the
Datie received here today trom Gen
eral rrancisco Murguia, commander-
ln-chiet ot the division of the north
General Manuel Ochoa. one of Vil-
as principal commanders, was killeH
in the fighting at Carmen. His body
found. I hrec hundred "V illa
roops were killed
iiid wounded, the
official repoit sai
! a Our Flag
BLYTHE HAS FAITH
IN MEN OF AMERICA
Patriotism Everywhere and
Millions Will Respond to the
Call to the Flag.
NO SPEEDY END OF WAR
"If America needs 2.00(1.000 men for
its defense, then 2.000,000 Americans
will respond. If America needs 10,
000,000 men. then 10,006,000 Americans
Such is the faith of Samuel G.
Blythe, correspondent of the Saturday
Evening Post, who was in Omaha yes
"Patriotism is as much in evidence
in this city as it is in the cities of the
cast," he said. "The spirit there is
manifest mostly by display of Hags.
Enlistments in the middle west com
pare favorably with enlistments on the
Atlantic coast. Omaha recruiting offi
cers have mustered about 1 .500 men
into the service and this record is not
to be sneered at. The east has no
monopoly on patriotism.
Volunteer a Patriot.
"Did you ever stop to consider that
the man who signs his name to an en
listment paper now is much more
worthy of praise and is a greater pa
triot than the man who jauntily en
tered the war with Spain?
"Nine years ago those who volun
teered to fight did not comprehend
what was ahead of them. They mere
ly saw a vista of war and dreamed of
dramatic victories in which they would
play a part.
' "But that delusion does not evist to
day. War news has been fed to Amer
icans so that they really know what
they are up against. Thcv know that
they must expect gas attacks and ev
ery other death-dealing contrivance
which has been invented for whole
sale murder. They know that they are
staking their lives in the most cruel,
the most inhumanly relentless of all
wars. rrcr1trer d6 "hrf 'rffsitale:
Americans are ready to die for their
country so long as the nation needs
the sacrifice of blood.
Favors Selective Conscription.
"I am not in favor of the volunteer
system ' of recruiting. Out of ten
possible soldiers, the two men that
enlist under the volunteer system are
in the greater number of cases, the
ones who can least afford to go to
war.- 1 favoT the selective conscrip
tion plan. But no matter what plan
is adopted, men will respond eventu
ally and in such numbers as to as
sure victory for the I'notcd States."
Asked to venture a prophecy as
to when the war might end, Mr.
"Nobody know s. I have interviewed
officials at Washington from Presi
dent Wilson down. I have talked
with Russian. English and French
statesmen. They don't dare predict.
I have been on all fronts and I will
not attempt to fix even an approxi
mate date for the war's finish. It is
all very well to read stories or to
hear rumors that Germany and its
allies are about to capitulate, and
are on their last legs, but to prove
that such stories, or rumors are
founded on fact, not fancy, is quite
a different matter.
"No matter how long the war con
tinues and no matter how intensely
cruel or costly it becomes, the Unit
ed States will come out on top. This
country has the men, the money and
the spirit to meet any emergency."
Endeavor Meet Postponed
For Patriotic Reasons
Boston, April 25. Postponement
for "patriotic reasons" of the Interna
tional Christian Endeavor conven
tion, which was to have been held in
New York July 4 to 9, was announced
last night by the trustees of the Uni
ted Society of Christian Endeavor.
The postponement is for one year if
the war shall then be over.
Balfour Says Entente Will Not
Ask U. 5. to Enter Formal Alliance
Washington, April ' 25. Arthur
James Balfour, British foreign secre
tary, stated today that the allied gov
ernments would not think of asking
this country to depart from its tradi
tional policies or to enter into anv
formal alliance which might Drove
"Our confidence in the alliance and
the assurances of this government."
Mr. Balfour said, "is not based on
such shallow considerations as arise
from treaties. No treaty could in
crease our unbounded contidence that
the United States, having come into
the war, will see it through to the
great end we all hope for."
Mr. Balfour, after his first two davs
in the American capital, consented to
an interview to express his gratitude
for the warmth of his reception.
"For two and a half years." Mr.
Balfour continued, "people here in
this counfv have watched the great
and blood-stained drama abroad and
with each passing month the convic-
tion lias grown that this was no ordi
nary struggle involving a few miles of
territory or some small national am-1
bitions, but nothing short of the whole
BRITON AND GAUL
EAT INTO GERMAN
il JIT DV DIT
i' " 11 n 1 nil
I I IS Ml I
General Haig Gains Additional
Ground on Three-Mile
Front Between Cojeul
BLOODIEST SPOT IN WAR
Village East of Arras Scene of
Fiercest Fighting in
TEUTON EFFORTS FAIL
! ANMrtatf4 PreM.l
In pushing the British offensive to
day General Sir Douglas Haig direct
ed an attack along the three-mile
front between the Cojeul and Scarpe
rivers, where further gains have been
South of the Arras battle front Gen
eral Haig is eating bit by bit into the
German lines between Cambrai and
St. Qucntin. Store than 3,000 prison
ers have been taken.
German Attacks Fail.
The' French night report announces
artillery fighting along the whole
front. A German attack north of
Vauxaillon and two attacks by them
against the Huertebaise farm were
repulsed, the latter two with heavy
Berlin reports three British attacks
on the north bank ot the Scarpe nortli
ot Menchy repulsed.
Bloodiest Spot in War.
(Vnim a Staff forrrxrHinrifnt of Hie Amo-
British Front in France, April 25
(Via London). the town or .Monchy
Le Preux, which lies about five miles
east of Arras, will stand out In his
tory as one of the bloodiest spots of
the world war. I he fighting north
east and south of this little Artuisvil.
lage, perched upon a high knoll, has
exceeded in intensity any of the in
dividual struggles of the Soinmc.
Efforts of the Germans to retaki
Lthe village apparently have subsided
on account of the sheer exhaustion of
their available forces.
Ground Covered With Dead.
: The ground-around -Monchy, as far
as the eye can reach, is covered with
the dead, the Germans at times, hav
ing employed their old tactics of at.
tacking in mass formation.
Letters taken in the last two days
from German prisoners, written in
front of Monchy, say they regard the
situation as worse than it was on the
Somme, while the casualties are
mounting up as at Verdun.
In one of the letters the opinion is
expressed that what has made the
fighting difficult has been the fact that
the opposing forces have not occu
pied fixed lines, but are scattered in
half-built trenches on this part of the
Slayer of Armour
Is Found Guilty of
First Degree Murder
- Santa Fc, N. M., April 25. Elbert
V Blancctt of Friday IJarbor,
Wash., was found guilty early today
of murder in the first decree for kill
ing Clyde Armour of Sioux City, la.,
near Glorieta, X. M last fall while
the two were on an automobile tour
from Armours 'home at Sioux City,
la., to Fresno, Cal. The only penalty
possible tor the oHense under the
state law is death by hanging.
Giant Ship Reported
Sunk Reaches U. S. Port
New York, April 25.-The 32,120
tou passenger steamship built for the
Holland-American line in Euglaud
under the name of "Statendam," and
taken over by the British government
in 1914 for war purposes reached an
American port under a White Star
The arrival refutes reports from
Berlin in March indicating it bad been
torpedoed and sunk. The vessel is
being used as a freighter.
welfare of mankind."
Such a cause, Mr. Balfour said,
could not fail to affect the United
"And now, when after all these
months you feel impelled to enter the
struggle, I am certain you will throw
into it all your resources, incompara
bly the richest in the world; all your
man power and your will and effprt;
I am sure nothing will turn you from
your consecrated task until sucess
crowns our joint efforts."
Mr. Balfour, commenting on the ar
rival of the French commission here
today, spoke of General Joffre, one
of it; members, as "the successful
general commanding the allied forces
at one of the most critical moments
"Wc rejoice to tliiuk," Mr. Balfour
said, "that the hero of the Manic has
conic to join us in laying before the
people of the United States our grali-
tudc lor the infinite aid and moral en-
couragenicnt given to the allied caus.
1 am certain that the reception ac
corded to them will be not less warm
of heartfelt welcome than that so un
grudgingly given us
in Cash Paid Britain
Washington, April 25. Secretary
McAdoo today handed the British
ambassador treasury warrant or
(200,000,000, the first loan made to
any entente government by the
United States under the $7,000,000,
500 war finance measure.
Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, British
ambassador, handed to . Secretary
McAdoo rtcsipt, completing tht
The British government will save
approximately $3,000,000 annually
in interest charges by obtaining
the, loan from the government in
stead of from private institutions.
. Great Britain is spending ap
proximately $8,000,000 a day for
foodstuffs and munitions in the
Speaker Takes Floor to Cham
pion Volunteer Amendment
to the Army Bill.
DRAFT MEN ARE CONFIDENT
Washington. April 25. Opposition
tp the selective draft readied its cli
max in the house today when Speaker
Clark took the floor to champion the
volunteer army amendment.
Deploring that he could not stand
by the president, w-iom he unre
servedly declared wroug on the ques
tion, the speaker pleaded that young
men be given ;i opportunity to offer
their services voluntarily.
Protests Against Slur.
"1 protest," he shouted, "against
having the slur of being a conscript
being placed upon the men of Mis
souri. So far a5 Missourians are
concerned, there is precious little dif
ference between a conscript and a
The speaker made a defense of
congressmen who have stood by the
volunteer plan, declaring that the
volunteers have done most of the na-
Advocates of selective conscription!
without 'he volunteer amendment
claim a majority of sixty or seventy
in the house.
Huddleston Attacks Capitalists.
Members on the floor and visitors
in the galleries broke into cheers at
the outset of debate on the army bill
n the house today when Representa
tive Huddlcsto: of Alabama, who op
poses the selective draft, read a list
of names of men who, he said, fa
vored it. Among them were Henry
P. Davison. Frank A. Vanderbilt,
Frank A. Munsey, Theodore N'. Vail,
Cornelius Vanderbilt. Elihu Root and
J. 1'. Morgan, Huddleston also de
clared that most of the pleas for war
and conscription came from members
of such organizations as the Harvard,
Vale and Union League clubs and not
Ironi the working people of the
bveryhody who is familiar with
industrial oppression and reaction in
its most vicious form," he said, "will
recognize the men named. . They and
their associates arc the men who rule
the nation. They rule it through
their newspapers and their wealth."
Henry Stivers, Former
Des Moines Editor, Dies
Burlington, la.. April 25. Henrv
Stivers, 68 years old, of Osceola, la..
one time publisher of the Des Moines I
Kegister and widely known in Iowa
newspaper circles, died today. I
U. S. WILL NOT FIX
that Government Will Pre
vent Manipulation. '
GIVES "WASHINGTON VIEW
'"'Secretary of Agriculture Houston
has assured the Omaha Live 'Stock
exchange that the object of the gov
ernment will not be to fix prices of
food products. The secretary ' de
clares in a telegram that regulation
will be confined to controlling specu
lation. "It is not suggested," Secretary
Houston says, "that maximum prices
be ftxcrli to producers, but simply that
power to fix prices governing the dis
tribution of products be given the
government to be used, if necessary,
to control uneconomic speculation and
manipulation in the handling of food
The Omaha exchange took the mat
ter up with Mr. Houston because of
a fear among stockmen that the gov
ernment contemplated fixing maxi
mum prices for their products. There
was a lively exchange of telegrams
between Omaha and Washington.
The first wire Tuesday, from W, B.
Tagg, president of the stock ex
change, to Secretary Houston, was as
Ask Houston's Views.
"The South Omaha Live Stock ex
change is working on a plan to in
crease the production of live stock in
this territory and to discourage the
selling of immature stock.
"We believe a statement from you
that the federal authorities do not
intend to arbitrarily limit prices on
live stock would have a good effect
on producers. Present prices of
breeding stock are very high and buy
ers hesitate to start new herds until
assured that government officials will
treat them fairly when stuff is ready
"All they want is a chance to sell
their stork on an open and competi
Secretary Houston replied that it
is not suggested that the government
fix prices for consumers, but that
power be given it to control specu-
tation in loou products, l nis is wnat
rfot to Fix Prices.
"Your telegram received. No
agency now has power to fix prices
of food products. I have suggested
that congress confer power on the
government to lix minimum andj
maximum prices it the emergency re
quires them. v
"The object of a minimum price
to producers would be to stimulate
production of certain staple products
by assuring farmers that these prod
ucts would not be disposed of below
trontlfiard on !'ac Two, Column One.)
Joyce to Represent
State at Federal
Lincoln. Neb., April 25. Governor
Neville today named Robert M, Joyce
of Lincoln to represent the state of
Nebraska at the conference of the
Federal Trade commission April JO
at Washington and the conference of
the National Defense Council May 2
at the same place.
These meetings will deal with the
national food supply and its conserva
tion and the organization of the state
defense leagues to co-operate with the
National Council of Defense for in
dustrial mobilization in meet the
emergencies of the war.
CHEERS HERO OF
FIGHT J MARNE
Marshal Joffre is Center of In
terest in Commission Which
I RECEIVED BY LANSING
Reception at Navy Yard Far
Transcends Usual Diplo
PARTY ON THE MAYFLOWER
j Washington. April 25. The French
j commission, headed hy Marshal Joffre
land former Premier Viviani, landed
safely at the Washington navy yard
today soon after noon.
! The reception of the French mis
sion transcended the usual diplomatic
courtesies Kiusiug chsef s" and hand
clapping greeted the Frenchmen.
Marshal Jolfre, hero of the Marne,
was the center of interest, although
Uene Viviana, head of the commis
sion, was warmly received. As Mar
shal Jotl're stepped from tlie Mav
Hower a ouni? French officer al-
! ready ashore, kissed his hands.
' Headed by Secretary. Lansing,
American oOieials paid the visiting
I Frenchmen every honor.'
j As the Miyflnw'er came to it wharf
marines and sailors kept buck all hut
' thnse directly connected with the re
I eeritioti ceremonies. Attaches of the
French embassy and of the ;itate de-
nnrtincnt wnteu, carrying V rciieli and
Diplomats Line R.'.il.
Marshal Joffre. Mhi.cr Vi.iui
land the other members of Ihe parlv
lined the rail of the Mayflower. With
them were Ambassador Jiisserainl.
I Assistant Secretary Koosevelt, As-
Long. Major Gen-
ho went I i
Hampton Roads to welcome the visif,
as soon as the gang u i::n ; n
run out Secretary Lansing boarded
ihe vessel and warmly clasped the
hands of Minister Viviani and Mai
shal Joffre and other members of the
mission, ' During ilie href eertmi.ny
the ship's band. played the. .Marseil
laise." Short Stop at Richmond.
Richmond, Vs., April 25. Mem
bers .of the French commission on
their way to Washington were warm
ly greeted by crowds during an auto
mobile tour of the city today.
"Vol) lopk as peaceful and as quiet
here,!' said one of tht party, "as
France did a few years ago. Let us
all hope the conditions here will never
change." .,,,,,., .
Directors of Associated ; ,
' Press Elect Officers
New Virk, April 25. The board of
directors'of the Associated Press at a
meeting held here today elected the ,
following officers for the ensuing
President, Frank B. Noyes, Wash
ington (D. C.) Star.
First vice president, Ralph H.
Booth, Muskegon (Mich.) Chronicle.
Second vice president, E. E. Adlcr,
Davenport (Iowa) Times.
Secretary and general manager,
Melville E. Stone.
Assistant, secretary and assistant
general manager, Frederick Roy Mar
tin. Treasurer, J. R. Yotiatt.
Federal Grand Jury
To Probe Egg Situation
Chicago, April 25. Following the
statement made yesterday that ap
proximately 36,000,000 eggs were on
the tracks here, announcement was
made today that grand jury investi
gations into the storage of eggs and
the manipulations of prices had been
put in motion hjr United States Dis
trict Attorney C. F. Clyne. Evidence
as to the manipulation of prices has
already been gathered. Eighteen mil
lion eggs are said to have been ship
ped into Chicago over one road yes
terday and are being held here for
reconsigntnent to eastern cities.
Villa's Main Command
Defeated by De Factos
El Paso, Tex., April 25. An en
gagement Tietween 3,000 Carrama
cavalry troops in command of Gen
eral Edwardo Hernandez and the
main command of Francisco Villa is
reported to have occurred yesterday
at the Germen ranch in western Chi
huahua. The Villa forces were re
ported to have been routed, many of
Villa's followers having been killed
President Wilson Say
"Lat ma miit, alio, that
everyone who ereatea or cul
tivates a garden helps, and '
helps greatly, to solve th
problem of the feeding of th
The Bee Offers Free
an official booklet prepared
by the Department of Agri
culture, telling you how to
plant and take care of a small
vegetable garden. Do your
bit. Send for this booklet to
day. Address The Omaha Bee Informa
tion Bureau, Washington, D. C,
enclosing a 2-cent stamp- for re
turn postage. Ask for "The Gar
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