Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 24, 1917, Image 1

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    The Omaha .
Uae the telephone for
Telephone Tyler 1000
Easiest Way
VOL XL VI NO. 265.
English Torces Capture Two
Towns and More Than Thou
sand Prisoners As They
Smash Enemy Front.
Cne of Heaviest Engagements
f Entire War in Progress
Where Haig Strikes.
(From staff Correspondent of Tht Asso
ciated Press.)
With he British Armies in France
(Via London), April 23. The battle
of Arras, which had been smouldering
for a week past, burst into flaming
fury again today and is still raging
tonight with some of the heaviest
fighting of the war in progress.
The sky is alight for miles with the
flashing of guns and with vari-colored
rocKeis, wmcn-nasn signals 10 me op
posing artillery. The cold east wind
carries the echoes of the cannonade
far back of the British lines.
Take More Than 1,000 Prisoners.
ihe hghtine today covered an
- eight-mile front, from south of the
Vimy Tidee to a point well below
Croisilles. At the north end of the at
tack the British swept over German
fixed positions running almost due
south from Lens and captured long
sections of German positions in front
of the Hindenburg line and a great
number of prisoners.
More tnan l.iw prisoners 1 were
counted in this sector late today and
others were still coming in. Ihe
largest number of prisoners was from
the 141st Pomeranians, who aurren-
oerea in hundreds atter very brief re-
sistance. A battery of field guns also
was talcen.
Cling to Slopes of Hill.
Between Gavrelle and Croisilles.
the heaviest fighting occurred along
botn banks ot the scarpe and around
Monehy-Le-Preux, where the British
Easter advance had projected a sharp
salient into the German lines.
Monchy was taken in the first phase
of the Arras battle after three days'
fighting and has been held against
desperate counter-assaults. . -:,
The Germans always managed 4o
, cling to the slopes on, either side .of
'-e--h?Il' Wt wiiich-'Mdricfiy-Ee-Preux
is perched, this being the highest
point east of" Arras and Vimy, over
looking the great broad eastern plains
of northern France. ' ,
" The Germans today were undoubt
edly throwing their full force into
, their resistance along the Scarpe.
They had brought up strong reserves
to oppose a -further British advance
and had thrown in scores of new bat
teries of artillery.
Berlin Says Offensive Fails.
Berlin (Via London), April 23.
The new British offensive on the Ar
ras was repulsed today with heavy
loss to the attackers, according to the
official communication issued by the
war office this evening. ,
Uncle Sam Calls Out
New Mexico Guardsmen
Washington, April 23 The first
regiment of infantry and battery of
field artillery, New Mexico National
Guard, today were ordered intosthe
federal service for purposes of police
American Aviator With
French Army Missing
Pans, April 23. Sergeant William
Dugan. one of the American aviators
with the, French army, is reported
missing. ' He was 27 years old and
was born at Patchogue, Long Island,
hut lived latterly in Rochester, N. Y.
The Weather
For Nebraska Unsettled.
Temperature at Omaha Teiterday.
Hour. I
5 a. m 4...,
6 a. m.. ,.
7 a. m..
s a.
f 9 a. i
. 1 1 a.
VJ" 12 m.
T. f
in. . .
.3p. m 6S
1 4 p. m v 70
S p. m 68
s p. m er
7 p. m 64
,8 p. m : 60
Comparative Local Record.
1S17.1916 1911 1514
HKh'at today 70 64 74 68
Lowest today . . 48 48 82 65
Mean temperature ..58 ii 68 62
Precipitation 0 0 .01 1.31
Temperature and precipitation departure
rrom the normal at Omaha alnca March 1st.
anV compared with the past two years:
Normal temperature S4
Kxcens for the day 4
Normal precipitation . 12 Inch
Deficiency for the day 12 Inch
Total rainfall since March 1.... 1.08 Inches
Deficiency since March 1. 1917.. .48 Inches
Deficiency for cor. period 1916. .1.48 Inches
Deficiency for cor. period 19 6 ..1.19 Inches
Reports From Stations at 7 p. m.
Station and State Temp. High
of Weather. 7 p. m. est
t'heyenne, cloudy 60 61
Davenport, cloudy BO fin
fall. .00
Denver, cloudy 70 72 .00
Des Moines, cloudy .... 86 60 .00
Dodge City, clear ,6 80 .00
tender, cloudy 60 62 .00
North Platte, pt. cloudy 66 To .00
Omaha, cloudy 64 70 .00
Pueblo, clear 74 78 .00
tlspld City, elburty .... 60 . 66 .22
Halt Lake, cloudy 61 6t .on
Santa Fc, clear 60 6t .oa
Sheridan, cloudy ...... 68 liU .02
Sioux my, cloudy 66 6J .00
Val"ntlne. cloudy at 2 ,00
"T ' Indicates trac of prcrlcllaiion.
J: A. WELSH. Meteorolociet.
directing British offensive, from
Arras, now flaming afruh.
Railroads Report Farmers Will
Plant Greatly Increased
Acreage of All Sorts -;
v of Cereals.
Are to Substitute Corn, Oats
and Spring Wheat to Make
Up the Loss.
The first of the crop reports of the
season, issued by the Burlington and
Northwestern railroads, covering
practically all the grain-growing sec
tions of Nebraska and dealing with
the wheat, oati and torn conditions,
are ourand ,maie- tsat instead -ot
the Winter wheat crop of. .Nebraska
being a total lailure it is going to
be some 50 per cent ot a normal
crop, better than shown by the gov
ernment estimate of 35 per cent of a
crop made a week ago.
On the Umaha division ot tne
Burlington the winter wheatcondi-
tions are placed at ou; on tne wy-
more. 40: on the Lincoln, JU. and on
the McCook division, 60 per cent, as
compared with the normal.
Throughout a large portion ot
Burlington territory the rains of the
last week brought about wonderful
results in the winter wheat fields and
many of them in which it was sup
posed the plant nad Been completely
killed have, taken on new. life and
give promise of a fair crop. ,
increased Acreage.
In some sections, particularly the
South Platte country, where the win
ter wheat suffered most severely, the
fields were plowed up and many of
them seeded to spring wheat. It is
estimated that the acreage put into.
spring wheat will be 10 per cent more
than the normal.
As a result of the damage to win
ter wheat killing it is estimated that
of the acreage which has been plowed
up -ft per cent will be put into corn,
about the- same into oats and 10 per
cent into spring wheat.
It is believed that the alfalfa fields
have been greatly damaged by the
cold of. last winter, but no estimate
is made on the acreage killed out.
Throughout the territory! covered
by the Northwestern report condi
tions relative to winter wheat are
about the same as that with which
the Burlington deals. Many of the
fields have been plowed up and a
largely increased acreage of spring
wheat and oats sown.
Spring Grain Fine.
Reports indicate that spring grain
of all kinds is making rapid growth
and, 'though early in the season, gives
promise of an abundant yield.
Everywhere . farmers are turning
their attention to potatoes. This is
particularly true with reference to the
northern and western portions of the
state, where it is estimated that the
acreage will be increased 75 to 100
per cent.
Generally throughout the state the
ground is in good condition and
pretty thoroughly soaked. What is
most needed is warm weather.
Pastures have been slow in starting,
but within the last week the grass
has made rapid growth.
Farmers Optimistic.
In line with the crop reports of the
railroads letters from different por
tions of the state and written by
farmers indicate that damage to win
ter wheat is not so great as it ap
peared to be ten days ago or two
weeks ago.
From Sutherland comes the infor
mation that in Lincoln county in
many fields where it was thought the
plant was dead recent rains have
caused new shoots to be thrown up
from the wheat roots and there is
a promise f a fairly good yield.
Reports from Broken Bow indicate
that with the coming of rain the w in
ter wheat in the Custer county fields
has taken on new life and in numer
ous localities there are indications
that the crop will be -50 (o 75 per
rent and in .'.onie inslnce ftillv un
to normal -. - '
Meager Reports that Filter
Past Censor Indicate More
Persistent Rumors that Count
Tiara Resigned followed
"by Pall of Deathly
(Br Associated Press.)
A pall of silence has fallen over the
central empires. This serves to ac
centuate the reports of grave internal
In spite of the assertions of the
German press that the great Berlin
strike, which involved 300,000 work.
ers, is over, there is evidence that
the agitation continues.
The Berlin Tageblatt admits that
the members of two of the munition
workers unions have refused to re-
turn to work and says that those who
persist in theuvrefusal will be called
to the colors.
The meager light which sifts
through the veil of the German cen
sorship disappears entirely in the case
of Austria. Following persistent re
ports that Count Tisza, premier of
Hungary and 'foremost exponent in
the dual monarchy of the German
idea, had resigned all information as
to conditions in Vienna or Budapest
Use Inflammatory Language.
One thing that appears certain is
that the socialists and radicals in
both empires have recently drawn
much closer together and that inflam
matory language is being used with
an impunity inconceivable in the ear
lier days of the war.
In the meantime the revouttionarv
spirit which is rampant tlffotighout
burope Has given a sensational dem
onstration in Sweden. The food sit
uation is ostensibly the cause of the
remarkable, events in Stockholm,
where a great multitude of workers
tried to force their way into the Par
liament building.
J he tact that there were unrebuked
("srlWt rof" 4 "republic and that the
ominous word revolution was freely
used gives another aspect to the af
fair. The royal castle is under truard
and more serious outbreaks are pre
dicted for May 1.
Meanwhile the armies of the Brit
ish and French democracies are mass
ing their guns and shells for another
thrust against the German lines in
r ranee. Ihe general omnion in the
allied capitals is that General . Haig
is about to make another great ef
fort to smash his way through to
Cambrai and Douai.
Blow Aimed at Sultan.
Pending these developments public
interest has been keenly aroused bv
the cryptic; words jf Lord Curaon,
member of the British war council:
Keep your eve on Mesoootainia "
The uninterrupted successes of the
British lorces in the valley of the
Tigris, who are now eighty miles
north of Bagdad, have given rise to
the hope that Lord Curzons words
are a prediction of some overwhelm
ing blow against the shattered forces
of the sultan.
The main Turkish forces are at
present practically surrounded ty the
British and Russian armies and their
only road of retreat lies across an
almost impassable desert.
Exports Are Near
Record Despite
Subsea Warfare
Washington. Aoril 23. Desoite the
German submarine campaign, Ameri
can exports in March reached a value
of $551,278,000, which has been ex
ceeded only once, last January, the
best month in the country's history.
Imports of $270,84,000 set a new
American record.
roreign and domestic commerce
bureau statistics announced today
show the country's foreign trade in
creased in March $156,000,000 over
ebruary totals.
Exports for the nine months furl
ing with March were valued at $4.-
634,900,000, against $2,995,500,000 for
the corresponding period in 1916 and
$1,931,100,000 in 1915. Imports for
me months ending with March were
alued at $1,818,320,000. at $1,504,663.-
000 in 1916 and at $1,213,614,000 in
1915. -
Import records show that the pro
portionate amount of goods entering
free of duty has been increasing
The net balance of gold nriDorts for
the nine months period was $651.-
uneral Service for .
W. H.. Bucholz Wednesday
Funeral services for W. H. Bucholz.
Omaha banker, who died Sunday, will
be held from the home, 1728 South
Thirty-second avenue, at 2 o'clock
Wednesday afternoon. Services will
be for friends only. Rev. G. A. Hul
bert, pastor of St. Mary's Avenue
Congregational church, will officiate.
The body will be taken to Norfolk,
where services will be held Thursday
afternoon at 3 o'clock at the Congre
gational church.
The family has requested that no
flowers be sent.
noma, part ofJncle Sam't
T, Bandhauer and E, A. Glas
Are OmahanS Honored
; With Offices.
nrvrtriv tavatwv tnn it in
Frank A. Ray of Lincoln was yes
terday elected president 'of the Ne
braska State Branch of the United
National Association of Postoflice
Clerks, assembled at the Fontcnelle
in their tenth annual convention
v. Bandhauer of (Jmalia was
made first vice president and O. R.
Robinson of North Platte second vice
president. Harry Armstrong of Lin
coin is secretary and Miss Bessie
Burlingame of -Clay Center treasurer.
Miss Burlingame is the first woman
ever honored with an office in the
"oostomce -eJerks' aeciticm, -
fc.. A. Was of Umaha was named
to be the Nebraska delegate at the
annual convention of the national as
sociation at Fort Worth in Septem
ber. The position of state organizer
was given to D. J. O'Brien of Mc
Cook. H. W. Eberstein of Lincoln,
W. E. Hall of David City and G. P.
O'Meara of Hastings were named on
the advisory board.
Several resolutions were adopted,
including a pledge of support and
loyalty to the president and the cbun
try during the war.
A recommendation that salaries of
postoflice clerks start at $1,000 per
annum and increase at regular inter
vals to $1,500 was passed, as was a
resolution advising' against the pro
posed one-cent postage rate. A plea
for better equipment in the postofhees
was made.
Mayor Dahlman welcomed the
postal clerks for Omaha. Postmaster
Fanning and George Klepfer, super
intendent of mails in Omaha, made
Next year's convention will prob
ably be awarded to Columbus."'
Mahoney Wins Last Case
Suit Against Union Pacific
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
Washington.' April 23. (Special
Telegram.) A decision was given to
day in the supreme court denying a
writ of certiorari in the case of the
Union Pacific Railroad company, pe
tioners, against Maud C. Henderson,
administrator of the estate of Edward
C. Henderson. It was the particular
case that brought T. J. Mahoney to
Washington as counsel for the estate.
He desired to know if his brief had
been received in opposition to the no
tice and petition filed by the railroad
company. Having been told that
everything was in accordance with the
rules of the court, Mr. Mahoney went
into the gallery of the senate reserved
for visitors, where he died.
The court denied the petition of the
Union Pacific company to bring be
fore the high tribnual a review of the
case. This was a personal injury case
growing out of the death of E. C.
Henderson, who fell from a car while
switching at Elkhorn. The widow
brought suit in Douglas county and
was awarded a verdict of $11,000,
which was aflirmed by the supreme
court of Nebraska. Mr. Mahoney won
his last case.
Paint Auto Dimmers to
Help Raise Relief Fund
Mrs. Clement Chase and Mrs. How
ard Baldrige have brought their in
genuity into play in doing war serv
ice. They are coloring automobile
dimmers in the patriotic hues, red,
white and blue, and are selling them
to raise funds for the National
League for Woman Service.
Frank W. Judson donated the
discs, which've being sold for $2 a
Mrs. Chase and Mrs. Baldrige ad
mit they spend most of their time in
painters' aprons doing the coloring,
but they refuse to divulge their work
shop. They are going to apply for a
patent for their coloring recipe.
Already a request for 200 pairs of
ihe dimmers has come from a Young
Woman's Christian association out in
the iStatc which would like to help 'in!
the sale.
N " f '111 f JtsJ s s v X
( r .
mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmtmmmtfmmmmm innii'axi i iiwiiiihiii i nun i ' rnm:m!!sr$
OF DEFENSE The riant suDordreadnotiffht U. S. S. OWL.
first line of defense.
Tree Planting Held Near Statue
of the Late J. Sterling:
Morton. -
t ' ' r ' ' ' '-, : '" '" - v
' Nebraska! " City, Neb. - April 23-(Special-
Telegram,) A parade two
miles in length and participated in by
over 1,000 schoolchildren,, farternal
orders, three bands, the city fire de
partment and many floats and deco
rated, automobiles, including three in
which road the board of governors
of the Omaha Ak-Sar-Ben, featured
the annual Arbor day exercises here
today. . .
The parade was a perlude, to -the
tree planting which took place near
the statue of the late J. Sterling Mor
ton,, father of Arbor day. .Chancellor
Samuel Avery of the University of
Nebraska made the principal address'
at the tree planting an dhimself placed
the roots of the first tree in the
ground. ' '
Mark Morton, son of- the late J.
Sterling MortonSterling t Morton,
came from Chicago to attend the
: S . j - . ... : . i. T? I.
cxcrcisc5NU in uunipany wiui i-ibiik
(KiO-Cirson. who drove the stage
in the early days, rode in the parade
in the historic old stage coach, which
is one of Nebraska City!s most cher
ished relics of the frontier days.
Webster Makes Talk.
lohn Lee Webster, president of the
Nebraska Historical society, made the
principal address at "the evening ex
ercises, at the Overland theater. He
spoke on the early history, of Ne
braska and the important party play
ed by the founder of Arbor day in
the advancement and development of
the cornluisker state. Dr. S, P. Cre
sap. president of the Business Men's
association, made the introductory
Judges of the parade were: Mrs.
A. C. Troupe, Mrs. Ed A. Allen and
Gus. Renzc, G. E. Haverstick, Charles
Black, J. D. Weaver and C. D. Beaton
of the Omaha Ak-Sar-Ben, were
guests of honor.
Prizes for the . best decorated
floats were awarded as follows: Gug
genheim Clothiers, first; Cleveland
stores, second; Forscutt's, third;
Wessels, fourth, and the Elks, fifth.
Dreadnought New
To Any Warship, Is Launched
New York, April 23 Another
dreadnaught entered American waters
as a unit of United States sea power
today when the battleship New Mex
ico, comparing favorably offensively
and defensively with any other fight
ing vessel afloat, was launched at the
New York navy yard.
With no untoward incident marking
a ceremony. which, usually made an
occasion of public festivity, was today
of private character because the na
tion is at war, the New Mexico moved
down the ways at five minutes before
the hour set.
The New Mexico was christened
by Miss Margaret C. DeBaca, daugh
ter of a former governor of New
Mexico, chosen for the honor by Wil
liam C. McDonald, who was governor
when the ceremony was arranged.
After the sponsor had successfully
smashed a bottle of champagne un
der the bow Miss Virginia M. Carr
as "maid of honor" broke against it a
jug made by New Mexican Indians
and containing a mixture of water
Legislatori in Home and Sen
ate of Two Hindi
About Building.
(From it&ff Oorraspondant.)
Lincoln, Neb., April 23. (Special.)
Contest over an appropriation of
$300,000 for repairing the state house
is now holding back the adjournment
ot tne legislature. I lie conference
eommittee on the big maintenance
bjll reported out an item formerly put
in by the house of $50,000 for repair
ing the east wing and raised it ts the
above amount, to which- the senate
agreed after attempts were made by
inenas or a new state nous to reduce
it first to $10,000 and then to $20,000.
both) of which were defeated. The
first amendment Jost by K vote of 13
Id R - '-.? . ' 1 '
The bill and the report' then went
back to the house, where the matter
was fought over again and the report
voted down, 35 to 37. Then a motion
to appoint-a new conference commit
tee in the house carried and Rich
mond, Peterson and Taylor were ap
pointed. Friends of the new state house are
opposing the expenditure of a large
sum for repairs, because they believe
It folly to spend! money on a building
which is nothing better than a wreck
and in which unlimited amounts may
bejioured. .
1 The claims bill will hare to be
fought out tomorrow. Two items,
one for $500 attorney fees, and $35
for printing briefs, sent in by State
Treasurer Hall as his expense in the
suit against Fire Commissioner Rid
gelt, are the- objectionable parti of
the bill. The house turned down the
report and insisted that the senate
should recede from its action in adopt
ing it.,
German Troop.
Transports Leave
London, April 23. German trans
ports have left Libau, on the Baltic,
south of the Gulf of Riga, for an un
known destination, according to a
Central News dispatch from Petro
grad today. ' .
A dispatch ' from Petrograd ' on
Thursday said there were well found
ed reports that the Germans were
preparing" to attack the northern
front, massing troops . along, the
Dvinsk-Riga line.and concentrating
troops and warships in the Baltic sea
ports. A .portion of the German fleet
was reported to have been sent from
Kiel to Libau. The Petrograd dis
patch said it was regarded as prob
able that the plan was to make a
descent in the rear of the Russian!
northern flank, somewhere on the
Gulf of Finland, and to cut off Petro
Mexico, Equal
from the Rio Grande and Pecos riv
ers. ;
United States Senator A. A. Jones
of New Mexico represented W. E.
Dudley, and there were nearly fifty
residents of New Mexico present, to
gether with several, hundred native
New Mexicans living in Washington
and New York.
Rear Admiral Nathaniel Rusher,
commanding the New York navy
yard, was master of ceremonies.
Chaplain Isaacs of the yards read the
invocation, and Assistant Secretary of
the Navy Franklin D. Roosevelt rep
resented the government. There were
no speeches. - i
The largest battleship ever con
structed at the New York navy yard,
the New Mexico is the' sister ship to
the Mississippi, recently launched at
Newport News, Va., and the. Idaho,
under construction at Camden, N. -J.
It will burn oil and is said to be the
first battleship equipped with the
electric drive. The keel was laid in
October, 1915,
Balfour Greeted at Whits
House by President After '
Former Sees Scr- .
retary Laming-.
Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, Ambal
. sador, Accompanies the -
Visiting Officials.' f ;
Washington, April 23, Great
Britain will receive the first proceeds,
to an amount as yet undetermined,
of the $5,000,000,000 bond, issue soon
to be offered to the public :
, The amount of the British loan, it
was stated authoritatively today and -other
details probably will be an- -nounced
by Secretary McAdoo within
a few days. - . ,
British Foreign Minister Balfour .
and members of the high commission,
here to discuss conduct of the war,
began their first official day in Wash
ington with a round of calls, the first
of which was at the State department.
Call on Lansing.
Soon after 10:30 o'clock Mr. Bal- ;
four, accompanied by the British am
bassador, Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, drove
from the mansion which has been
given over to him to the' State de
partment building and paid a formal '
call on Secretary Lansing.
The British ambassador and Hugh .
L. Gibson of the State department,
who has been detailed as Mr. Bal
four's -aide, remained with Secretary
Lansing and the British foreign min- -ister
only a short time and then with
drew, leaving the high officials to
gether. - . ' -
The conference between Mr. Bal
four and Mr. Lansing was not pro
longed and at its conclusion the two
crossed over to the. White House,
where the British foreign minister was
received by President Wilsdn.e
' President Greet! Balfour, '
As Mr. Balfour Uft the State de- .
partinent building several hundred
employes, crowding-tie stairways and ,
louoiy. , Mr. Ijalfour acknowledged
the greeting by bowing and smiling.
: Surrounded by a small escort, the - ..
British foreign minister and secre
tary of state crossed the avenue and .
just before 11 o'clock passed in the '
main entrance of the executive man
sion, where President Wilson, . sur
rounded by a party of army and navy -aides,
was waiting.'
While Mr. Balfour and Mr. Lans
ing were at the White House British
naval officers, headed by Admiral De
Chair, began arriving to call on Sec
retary Daniels. They were accom
panied by Rear Admiral Fletcher and
other officers assigned to the party.
; As Mr. Balfour passed into the
White House grounds the "silent sen- '
tinels" of the woman suffragists, do-' ,
ing "peaceful picketing" around thcv
White. House grounds, waved their ,
banners and the British foreign min-;
ister smiled broadly. '
Army Officers' Greetings, .
; The army officers of the British
mission at the same time' were arriv
ing at the War department to be re-'
ceived by Secretary . Baker. ; Major
General G. T. M. Bridges, . accom- .
panied by , hi aides, were escorted
first to the office of Major General :
Scott, chief-of-staff, where they were
received by a large party of American ;
officers. . . ;
The British officers were attired in i
field uniforms of khaki, . while the
American' officers were in the full
dress uniforms of blue. Later the
British guests were received bv Sec
retary Baker. ,
The naval delegation munwtiilc.
Jiad been received by Admiral Ben
son, cniet ot operations, and left cards
tor Assistant Secretary, Roosevelt,,
who was out of the city. , .
While Mr. Balfour and the nrrsi.
dent were together the British army .
and navy officers concluded their
visits at the. War and Navy depart
ments and returned to thir stopping
places.. '.'.: , . ,
; Call on Vice President.
the President's receoticm of Vf
Balfour lasted forty-five minutes. At '
n: o clock- Mr. Baltour left Ahe . '
White. House and accompanied Tv
Secretary Lansing drove to the eapi- A
tol to) be presented to Vice President
Marshall. ' - ' -. ,
After the formal greetings the
president and Mr. Balfour entered :
the Blue room with Secretary Lansing -and
remained in conversation more'. .
(Continued on Pas Two, Colama Obo.) t
Plot for New Revolution ; , :.
In Cuba is Discovered
New York", -April 23 Circtfchv
stances of an alleged plot to stir, np
a new Cuban revolution, with Kay 20
fixed as the date for the uprising,
were made public here today by the
republic of Cuba news bureau, which
said a complaint shortly would be
placed before the State department..
Bernhardt's Condition ' '
Is Slightly Improved
New York, April 23 The condition
of Sarah Bernhardt Improved during
the night. Last- evening the physi
cians attending the actress held out
scant hope for recovery.. She was op
erated on last Tuesday night for an
infected kidney. . r. , .