Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 21, 1917, EDITORIAL SECTION, Page 12, Image 12

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THE BEE: OMAHA, SATURDAY, APRIL 21, 1917.
The Omaha Bee
DAILY (MORmWO-EVENING SUNDAY
FOUNDED BY EDWARD KOSEWATE
VICTOR ROSEWATER, EDITOR ;
'THS BK8 f UBL18HINQ COMPANY, FKOPR1ETOK.
Entered at Omaha poatofflca Bacono-tlaae wetter.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Br Carrier.
..per BMMla, 050
Daily eaS enSv..
Petlf WltaOW BufluW
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REMITTANCE
ton H drift, ign e.- waul ortw. Onle lean mam MM tl
Itmat ef eeiHI tocooiu. Penonel eheee. eicept as Omaha eat
0FPICE3.
OmaHa-Tae Pre inlklfni. (laum-PmU't do ialsir.
CouMII Bliiffe-H H.Mtll m. St. IMKn BIL of .Ceaurjroe.
ttmwla UtUe Building. WMbloittm-715 Mln St. W. W.
CORRESPONDENCE
AdSrae) eeSHBWleellene rtlttlni u aaae and edtterlel aUar to
Online Bee. IdlMrlBl Denertlnant .
FEBRUARY CIRCULATION
54,592 Daily Sunday, 50,466
Artnn Beelitleo fw trie WU lbe( eee" tlwl H bt D(a
nuiiM. cifwuw "
Sokeerftere leeetaf tHe city sbmM eave Tb. aulleal
to abase. Addmo thensej as alien rMt-'
Food hoarding Is not conservation.
Muffle the cheer, boys! The legislature is
line die-ing. - : '
Standing around or loafing on the job it an
other way of encouraging the enemy., ,
Omaha still has that new Union depot on her
little lift, which, though laid aside, is not for
gotten. :
April showers are coming little behind the
schedule, but quite as welcome as the fruits and
flowers they promise later on. ',
The1 possibility of securing national prohibition
as a war measure i calculated to make even
peace-loving Mr. Bryan fight for it. , '
;Now if congress approaches the army bill with
th nationat vision shown in voting the sinews
of war, the rest is comparatively easy.
'A vast amount of efficient patriotic service can
be,rendered behind the lines. The real "slackers"
are those wjio stick around and spill hot air.
1 .!
Wheat soars to dizzy heights, regretfully dis
tancing the hog. When the latter gets used to
rare atmosphere it's all off with the speed limit.
.Viewed from distant bleachers, it is evident
the Allies are playing the lucky aeventh inning
and have knocked Teutonic pitchers out of the
box. .
;"The little brown jug" lost popularity some
years ago, but Its gray stone successor promises
tb wear the mantle of favor for .some time to
come.
.'Some twenty years ago Tom Reed jarred the
crowd by calling thi a billion-dollar country.
The first war bill of seven bitlioni measures our
growing speed.
Old Necessity rises joyously to the emergency.
A cargo of Cuban shark hides, Utilized as shoe
leather, insures appropriate footing for Ameri
cas price, boosters.
' Without any visible cause the grain and pro
vision pita marked down prices several notches
on. Tuesday. Misdeals are bound to happen when
amateurs shuffle the deck.
A paltry little thf.ee and a half millions is all
the Allies gained on s single wheat order in Chi
cago, delivery of which was delayed by ear short
age till the price went up. , Some laving!
' Still, because we are in for a heavy load of war
taxes is no good reason why the burden should
not be distributed equitably and conform to the
accepted rules of tmiformity and impartiality.
Chicago and New York are wrangling over
which has famished the more. recruits and in the
meantime the hamlets and villages of the country
are beating both in proportion to the population.
- Germany advises as officially that there are
no submarines in the west Atlantic not yet I As
surance Is lacking, however, that we will have ad
vance tips when they are ordered to sally forth.
In stoppage of street car traffic Lincoln folks
have the advantage, aa compared with Omaha,
of being within walking distance of one another
and also of being all on the same level, with no
hills to climb. .
Report has it that the entente commissioners
intend to search this country for European
"slackers" who dodged service by leaving home.
How many purchased immunity by absence Is dif
ficult to determine, but a census of the number
would be worth while as an aid to the finger of
scorn.
What the Trademark Means
. By Clinton L. Oliver
Trade-marked goods are those articles of mer
chandise that bear a certain design adopted by the
manufacturer, which has been registered in the
patent office at Washington or at the state capitol.
It is a distinguishing mark placed conspicuously
on the goods. On some goods it is stamped or
imprinted while on others it is a label attached in
some manner to the article.
' The trade mark standa for alt that a firm rep
resents. It ascribes a known quality to the goods
and actually represents the reputation of the firm.
The same trade mark represents the same product
whether it is in Maine or California.
When a trade mark is once adopted the manu
facturer will see to it that the standard aet is al
ways maintained in order that confidence may be
held 'in his product The manufacturer knows
that if he sells to a customer once, and the quality
is satisfactorv. he-will sell to that customer attain:
and if the quality continues to satisfy, other sales
., win toiiow. as a business proposition ut be
hooves him to improve on or maintain the same
standard of quality that he has adopted.
An article may be sold that doea not bear the
signature or trade mark of the manufacturer. It
may look all right, but it it does not giversatisfae.
tion it will not knowingly be purchased again.
Yet, inasmuch as one may not be able to appraise
the quality of a commodity without a trade mark,
he may be induced, repeatedly especially by
clever salesmen, who see a great profit in non-trade-marked
lines to buy an article which never
. gives satisfaction. For when the commodity is
not trade-marked and bears only a general name.
the manufacturer ran change this general name at
will and thus continue to foist indefinitely his
interior article upon the public
. ' Moving for Food Control'
Federal authorities are now cautiously ap
proaching the task, of food regulation. This does
not necessarily mean putting Americans on short
rations, but does contemplate a careful conserva
tion, that the danger of' want may be averted,
Ample warning has been given us in the experi
ence of other countries and we must realize that
some of our waste and extravagance in the use of
food must be curtailed. We will always have
enough, but we must be prepared to do more
than this. The world's supply of food is short
and the immediate future depends almost wholly
on the'trop to be raised this season, for out of
our surplus we will have to feed, millions who
otherwise' will go hungry.. Americas farmers
are aroused and fully aware of what rests on them
in this emergency. .
The matter of price fixing will come in for
due consideration. It is suggested by one Omaha
jobber, whose life has been spent in the grocery
trade, that consumers at present ire the greatest
of !ool speculators and more than any responsi
ble for the steadily mounting cost of living. Con
trol by the federal government should bring about
a more equal distribution of supplies and. give
assurance that will aid in quieting popular appre
hension. . With , this established and shortage
guarded against, prices will adjust themselves.
Old Glory Flying Over London.
Significant of the sentiment of the British
towards the United States, emphasizing earlier
expressions of satisfaction with , our course, is
the floating of Old Glory on the great Victoria
tower of Parliament House", the first time a for
eign flag ever flew above that historic pile. The
sensation it must create may be understood by
trying to imagine the British banner displayed
high above the capitol at Washington. A greater
compliment has never been paid one nation by
another. Cynical comment may be to the effect
that we are expected to help England in its hour
of need. Even so, but in doing so we are helping
ourselves and moving to the fuller and firmer es
tablishment of free government on earth an in
itiation typified by those banners now flying side
by side, as free as the winds that caress them.
It does not.involve national coalition, but co-operation
in a cause to which both peoples are de
voted by a common genius. ' , ;,
Nebraska's "Dry"" Law.
' After threshing it over until the very last min
ute, thus consuming the bigger part of the time
of the session on this one measure, the legislature
has finally put its seal upon a prohibition "enforce
ment law which, -on the face of it, is "bone dry,"
and considerably, broader than the prohibition
amendment adopted by popular vote. The issue
in controversy, if it may be called an issue, turned
on the question of permitting the manufacture
and sale of non-intoxicating malt beverages and
the decision of the legislature is adverse, the rea
son for including such "soft drinks" within the
prohibition being the alleged difficulty of draw
ing the line between the alcoholic and non-alcoholic
concoctions.
Aside from this, the "dry" amendment would
have been self-operating as soon as the new fed
eral statute barring the importation of intoxicants
should become effective next July and presumably
the reconciling of state and federal laws will be a
matter for the courts to determine. This much
may be taken as settled, that Nebraska will be
really "dry" after May 1 to would-be Jmrchasers
of intoxicating liquors, and that bootlegging will
be a precarious occupation, That the saloon in
Nebraska should go out of business, however, was
decreed at the polls last November, and made
certain by the congressional enactment governing
interstate shipments, ao that what the legislature
may have done, or left undone, can be but a small
factor. . v
Control of Railroad Securities,
A report by the Interstate Commerce commis
sion, juat made public deals with the financial af
fairs of the Fere Marquette and the Cincinnati,
Hamilton & Dayton railroads, It is flatly charged
that these companies were wrecked through ma
nipulations from inside and that the wreckers had
the assistance of banks that loaned large sums
of money on securities of doubtful value. "Neither
rivalry nor regulation nor low rates, nor all com
bined, can be found on this record as having con
tributed in any appreciable degree to the disas
ter," says the commission. This strong language,
the commission' hopes, may. serve to warn mi
nority stockholders to be ,on guard always. It
does not expect to avert everything possible in
the way of calamity that might follow unscrupu
lous promotion, but believes these examples ought
to have some effect. Argument in support of fed
eral regulation of issue and marketing of securi
ties of common carriers is found in the experience
of these wrecked railroads and recommendations
for such a law are renewed. The two roads will
be added to the long line of signposts on the
speculator'a path, but it is not so certain that
the plain lesson- wilt be extensively heeded or
closely applied. '-' . ' '
They Come High In Nebraska.
Other states may boast of the number of men
they are sending to serve in the army or navy,
though few of them have surpassed Nebraska in
this regard, or are likely to, but we have one field
that is our own. Our boys are not only 100 per
cent efficient for the service, but some of them
even exceed the requirements. For example, the
navy has just had to turn down another youthful
aspirant because he is too tall for Uncle Sam's
battleships. This is the second giant from the
state who has been forced to remain a landlubber
owing to the fact that he had attained a stature
not contemplated by the naval designers when
planning the 'tween-decks headroom. But what
is the navy's loss is the army'a gain, and the
magnificent specimens of what the Antelope State
can do in theway of raising real man-size men
will battle for the right on terra firms. They come
high in Nebraska, but you can't keep them out
of the service on that account
Department of Agriculture
Building a Nation's Roads
By Tredtrie J. Haskin
The British House of Lords resents efforts of
the Commons to cut out enemy deadwood among
the peers. Three .German princes hold British
titles and membership in the lords, while in ac
tive service at home; yet the dual role finds cham
pions among the peers. The idea that prince
lings may serve two warring masters at the same
time becomes the scheme of monarchial privilege.
American Catholics want it distinctly under
stood that the fact that Catholics are fighting on
both sides of the battle line- in no way impairs
the loyalty of American citizens of that faith. As
we have more than Once observed, patriotism
knows no distinctions of race, creed, color, an
cestry or political affiliations v : - -.'".'."'
Washington, April 18. More progressive road
laws have been passed in the United States in
the last three months than in any year since the
establishment of the union. This spring sees the
beginning of actual building operations m a great
campaign for better roads. This campaign will
extend over-years; it will not be finished until
there is a first-class road system extending over
the entire United States. The task is a colos
sat one, but-the nation is working on a new plan
which seems to soell success. -
The new system was inaugurated by the pas
sage of the federal aid road act, a piece of legis
lation more important than most people yet real
ize, that was made into law at the last session
of congress. During the winter the machinery
for putting the law into operation was organized,
and now with the opening of the spring working
season the campaign begins. The federal road
act appropriates $85,000,000 of government money
to be spent entirely tor better roads; it provides
that the states must appropriate an equal amount,
barring $10,000,000 of the sum, which goes'toward
roads in national forests. More than that, how
ever, the states have taken up the idea with so
much enthusiasm that conservative officials state
that all indications point to the states covering
the government money with $2 for $1, so that
all in all they will out uo $150,000,000. Thus
about $235,000,000 will be spent for road build
ing in the next four years under the supervision
of the office of public roads of the Department
of Agriculture.
These large figures do not tell the whole story.
The road act will have effects more significant
and far-reaching. It should assure three things
that means much more to American roads than
the expenditure of $235,000,000. These things are
foresight, economy and 'expert - supervision in
road-building.
Nobody at this time has any doubt as to the
immense importance of adequate roads. Twelve
years ago the states were only spending about
$2,000,000 a year on roads, while today it is esti
mated that the nation is spending through vari
ous channels ?300,uoo,uoo yearly on road-build-ing
and .upkeep. When Uncle Sam goes down
into his wallet for $300,000,000 a year for any
thing it is pretty -certain that he needs it. The
amount is more than half the cost of the Panama
canal, a project whose magnitude made the na
tion open its eyes when it was tirst suggested.
Few people have paid a similar amount of atten
tion to the road matter, because the road money
has been spent a little at a time, here and there,
and the impressive total was. never called for in
a lump.
mere are some pretty sad facts connected with
this annual road budget of $300,000,000. We pride
ourselves on being a business nation; the world
looks to us tor business efficiency before all other
peoples and in general we live up to our repu
tation. But our road funds have been spent in
very unbusinesslike fashion. Experts estimate
that about $50,000,000 a year of the annual local
road expenditure served no really useful purpose.
This sum was an absolute loss, not due to his
honesty or malicious intent, but solely to the in
adequacy of the system. l.
Only about a quarter of the millions spent an
nually for roads in the oast have been spent in
a way that can be called thoroughly efficient. The
federal road act promises to get results for all
the money spent on roads. If it can do this it
will do much more than through the direct ex
penditure of federal money.
Ihe law provides that in order to share in
the federal appropriation each state must work
through a state highway commission. Under the
stimulus of this law highway commissions are
rapidly being created in the states which did not
already have them. Then the plans for new roads
must be drawn by competent engineers and aub
mitted to the experts in the office of public roads.
All the money that the federal and state govern
ments spend jointly must be spent efficiently. The
example set by this efficient work, the ratio of
results to expenditures, can hardly fail to raise
the standard of all state and county road work
and create a general demand for efficiency. The
new system will make available trained men and
an efficient state machinery for road building that
can be used in all road work, whether the federal
government is co-operating or not
In order to get the benefits of the new road
law application must be made through the state
highway board. Individual farmers, townships
and counties have sometimes gotten the idea that
if they will raise a certain sum of money for road
work the federal government will put up an equal
sum and have applied directly. All such plans
must be approved and forwarded by the state
highway1 department
Great changes should be brought about by the
completion of this ambitious road-building project.
Minions upon minions oi oonars win dc speni
by counties and states and the nation, yet there
should be an actual profit to the American people
in dollars and cents. It costs 23 cents to haul a
ton a mile on the average country road today. On
a first-class road it costs 13 cents and there are
quite a few tons hauled over American roads
every year.
With good roads the farmer can pick his own
time for hauling instead of waiting on the weather
and being forced to haul when he ought to be do
ing something else. With good roads the whole
educational and social life of rural counties is
revolutionized. 1 We must have good roads: the
only question is how to go about getting them.
ihe federal aid road act promises to be a long
step in the right direction. Its operation will be
worth watching. , !
v
People and Events
The soring onion drive of Texas is on and 100
carloads a day promise to shatter one of the
trenches of inflated prices.
Francis 1. Kernan, recent v promoted by Presi
dent Wilson to the rank of bigadier general, is
the man who put machine guns in the army.
At the age of 23 years John W. Ferguson was
elected mayor on SmHhsburg, Md., and is now
serving his tenth consecutive term. For obvious
reasons the nature of Mr. Ferguson's political pull
with the Smiths is a municipal secret.
"Two bits for carrving the rag." exclaimed
two young bonehefads in Milwaukee, as a troop of
guardsmen carrying the colors marched by. A
few minutes later the boneheads saluted the flag
on their knees in the presence of a thousand peo
ple. Herbert C. Hoover, Belgium's good angel, now
food controller of the United States, is an Iowa
product born at West Branch, and is heading
into 43 years. An engineer by' profession he
started up the ladedr of big deeds on the Pacific
coast. ,
One of the earliest obstacles encountered by
the garden movement in Massachusetts is an an
cient blue law which forbids a citizen from potter
ing around his backyard beds on Sunday. The
Boston Transcript voices a demand for repeal of
"the prehistoric legal fossil." .
Fourteen solemn "mourners," bachelors from
choice, got together in Chicago Sunday night, and
over a big feed lamented the passing of a member
into the ranks of the benedicts. Rosettes of crepe
adorned the coatsleeves of the bereft and the
menu cards carried a deep border of printer's
gloom. .
A youthful crook convicted of robbery in hi
cago pleaded with the court for a chance to join
the navy. "The navy is no place for derelicts,"
said the judge, as he handed the crook the limit.
After a Chinook wind melted snow piles on the
hills around Helena, newsboya picked up : $20
worth of gold nuggets washed onto the paved
streets by the water. The nugget stunt is
Helena's long suit ever since Last Chance gutch
soothered the town, u -. . .. , ... , ,
I TODAY
Proverb for the Day. . v
A barking dog seldom bites.'
One Tt'car Ago Today In the War.
Italians dropped sixty bombs- on
Trleate hangars. A- -
Teuton assaults In Gallcla stopped
by Russians.
Day of violent cannonading fol
lowed night of successful French
offensive at Verdun.
Death of Field llarshal von der
Colli, German commander of Turkish
army.
In Omaha Thirty Years Ago.
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Raapke and Mrs.
A. L. Meyer. have left for a six-month
trip to Europe.
Nine of the gentlemen who are con
nected with the C. B. Mayne Real
Estate company surprised him by
walking in "Injun Die" and politely
saluting him with high, stiff hats of
exactly the same shape and style.
Mayne was nonplussed a minute and
then went down to Frederick's, where
he learned the tiles were obtained.
and was soon ornamented with one
himself. The "Mayne" hat promisee
to become a fixture.
The new brick building on the west
side of Sixteenth, near the corner of
Douglas, has been leased to two good
firms Kennard Bros, and Hayden
Bros.
The Indies' Afternoon Luncheon
club met at the residence of Mrs.
Leopold Heller, 710 South Eighteenth.
Those present were Mesdames F. Ad-
ler, M. Goldsmith, A. Heller, Louis
Heller, M. Hellman, O. Heyn, L. Men
delssohn, A. Meyer, Max Meyer, -Morftz
Meyer; B. Newman, I. Oberfelder, A.
Polack. H. Rehfeld. Selissohn. Rau and
urotte.
The cornerstone of the First Meth
odist church of South - Omaha was
laid with impressive ceremony. The
pastor is Rev. T. B. Tilton, and the
new church will seat 250 people.
A surprise party met at the horns of
Mr. and Mrs. George Humes on Web
ster street. The following were among
those present: Messrs. and Mesdames
F. E. Bailey, Joseph Redman, Corby,
Harpster. John Gannon, F. E. Bailey,
Will Brown, O. Ogburn, Cain, Larkln,
H. A. Haskell and William Latey.
Mrs. Louis BelndorfT has sold her
house on Chicago street and will live
on capitol-Hill.
km
This Day In History.
1812 In anticipation of the war
with England, the War department
arranged the "detached militia" of
New York in twa divisions and eight
brigades.
1836 Sam Houston defeated the
Mexicans in battle of San Jacinto,
which decided the Independence of
Texas.
1864 Partial bombardment of
Odessa in consequence of Russians
having fired on a flag of truce.
I8tl Robert E. Lee became com
mander of the Virginia troops.
1867 Romulus M. Saunders. North
Carolina congressman and United
States minister to Spain, died at
Raleigh. Born in Caswell county.
North Carolina, March 3, 1781.
1879 General John A. Dix. civil war
commander and statesman, died in
New York City. Born at Boscawen,
N. H., July 24, 1798.
1892 The French cabinet decided
upon war with Dahomey.
ending over several days, in Greece.
Many lives lost and towns destroyed.
1888 Declaration of war. by act of
congress, between the United States
of America and the Kingdom of Spain.
The Day We Celebrate.
General Sir Archibald Murray, now
commanding the British expedition in
Palestine, born fifty-seven years ago
today. -
Major General William' T. Furse.
master general of the ordnance in
the Brltlstrarmy, born fifty-two years
ago today.
Dr. clarence A. Barbour, president
of Rochester Theological seminary
and president of the Northern Bap
tist convention, born at Hartford,
Conn., fifty years ago today.
David C. Montgomery, noted come
dian, now reported critically ill, born
at St. Joseph, Mo., farty-seven years
ago today.
Ernest o. Lorenzen, recently ap
pointed to the faculty of the Yale
Law school, born in Germany forty
one years ago today.
Timely Jottings and Reminders.
Today is the date set for the fore
closure sale of the Colorado Midland
railway.
Texas wilt keep a holiday today In
celebration of the elghty-flrat anniver
sary of the battle of Sah Jacinto.
President Wilson nas designated to
day aa a day for contributions to the
relief of 1,000,000 Ruthenlans, or
Ukrainians, In "dire need of food,
clothing and shelter,"
In resDonse to a call from presi
dent Wilson a group of leading men
from different parts of the country
will meet in Washington today to con
sider means of financing the Amer
ican National Red Cross for its re
sponsibilities toward soldiers and nont
combatants. -
Storyctte of the Day.
An Irishman who Is noted tor his
wtt went into a public house the other
day and called for a glass of beer. The
tumbler was not full enough for Pat's
satisfaction, so he quietly asked the
publican how many barrels of beer
he sold a week.
'Ten," replied the publican.
'I think," replied Pat, "If yer stand
me a piat I could put yes -on a plan
to sell eleven barrels a week."
"Agreed," said the - landlord, hand
ing him a pint "How now am I to
do It?"
Pat, taking a big drink at his new
pint: "Always All your glasses."
London Tit-Bits.
"PAAND MA".
Pa m to ma, in wrath, ei h.
ThlB sosb uurnta livln't causln' ms
To think that war la quite joker
Juat aa well be shot aa always broke.
With "eata" a rooetln' In the eky
And money with wtnte that makea It fir
You might aa well grab your eword and gua
Per ahootln' beata etarvln' 10 to 1.
Ooeh durn It all, when I wui a kid,
Talnga weren't so high that It made you
akM
A-turnin' the corner to make enda meet.
But now they're blgher-n a million feet.
And a-goin' higher each dad-blamed day
To peater the cewa In the milky-way.
Wntlo we on earth must mopa and pine
And let our atummfek scratch our spine. "i
By nees. i ll atriKe,", quotn angry pa, f
I'm a tired. a' dlggln' to flu my craw
While truot-men gobble the hard-earned
kale .. -
And make our puree look ellm and pale,'
"Cheer up, sea ma. It mlaht be worae.
It ain't autte time to call the hearee.
Bo we'll get out our rake and spade and hoe
And dig a hole for-a bean or ao. . H.
For. I allow, that In a year or two-
Thtnra won't look ao dark and blue,
go we'll Juet .keep on aeawln' wood
And thlnsa'll come down to where ther
ehouid." &jsr4Ngru btkuui-.
Alms. Na '
.. Give the President an Army. ,
Omaha, April It. To the Editor of
The Bee: In this crisis In our coun
try's affairs President Wilson has
soown all the qualities of efficient and
forceful leadership. At one step he
has placed himself at the forefront
of the great statesmen of the world
ana nas put America in tne vanguard
of the struggle for triumphant democ
racy.
The president, with the aid of ex
perts chosen by htm, has evolved
plan for forging a great American
army on the principle of universal lia
bility to service. If It is enacted by
congress our country may yet take a
creditable part In the world war. If
his plans are thwarted with enfeebling
amendments America's contribution
will be a sorry one and our influence
In the great settlement at the close of
the war and in the world a reconstruc
tion Kilf be less.
We use conscription for war taxes:
we even conscript for Juries in time
of peace; why not for the peoples
army In time of war? ,
President Wilson has overcome the
Prussian spies and the American paeif.
lsts. He has yet to capture the
trenches held by the politicians In con
gress. These men are our represent
atives; they should represent us, not
Uermany. - -
Let us put behind President Wilson
the invincible force of American pub
lie opinion. Let us speak with a voice
that will drown treason, masquerading
unaer watever guise.
FRANCIS A. BROGAN,
Vice President Omaha Branch, Na
tional Security League.
Beans for the Soldiers.
Omaha, April 20. To the Editor of
The Bee: In connection with this
world war the citizens of Nebraska can
do considerable in assisting to mini
mize in some degree the horrors which
accompany this awful event. What the
farmers of Nebraska should do la to
raise crops and still more crops, to
their utmost, in order to help feed the
starving nations.
One of the most valuable crops In
this connection Is the navy bean.
There Is lots of land in our state
nicely adapted to the growing of beans.
The price will he high for years to
come. Let every farmer plant all the
beans possible. There is nothing more
convenient to feed the soldiers or
transport across the ocean than beans.
it you are not in a position to shoul
der a gun to help rid the world of
autocracy do all you can towards
helping to feed suffering humanity.
E. W. GUNTHER.
' Conservation of Food.
Omaha, April T9. To the Editor of
The Bee: One of the most important
things, under present war conditions,
and one that lies at the root of our
food problem, is the conservation of
our resources by the reduction of the
dally consumption of foodstuffs and
the elimination of waste. We must be
gin now in these matters instead of
waiting until dire necessity compels
us to payattention to them.
Food experts all over the United
States should be "mobilized" and put
to work constructing "bills of fare" or
correct combinations of foods for
meals that will be nourishing (keep
ing In view the requirements of grow
ing children, the sick, the aged and
the infirm) and that can be prepared
at as low a cost per meal as possible,
considering present high prices.
'men tne aid oi tne daily and weekly
newspapers (as well as of the monthly
publications of all classes) should be
enlisted in giving the widest possible
publicity to these menus.
The people generally do not seem to
understand the gravity of the food
shortage nor the serious results likely
to accrue to them later on. If they
continue to' overeat and to Waste as
they have done and are now doing
there will be grave danger of 'near
starvation" for thousands upon thou
sands of people, because all the food
stuffs that it will be possible to pro
duce In the United States this year
may not be sufficient to feed the peo
ple of this country and of our allies
and to carry them along until the 1918
crops are available.
In order that the stocks we now
have on hand and the, amounts that
will" be produced this year may be
made to do their full duty we must
begin mow to conserve our food re
source)! to the utmost
R. A. SMITH.
come and your property of all kinds
into land. It will keep in rising in
alue. Don't Improve If Leave it
idle. Aa the people grow more bun- ',
gry your land will keep on Increasing
in value. Of course. It being idle,
your Uncle will consider that you are
getting no Income, so he will not tax
you on what yon have not. Finally,
when everything else is taxed to death .
and the people are still more hungry
for the things that are made by la
bor, you can sell and "cop the dough."
Take care that no one hears of this
game nefore you buy, r.swus they
will all wnnt to get in on it and you
will hvn t ry more for what you
buy In 1'inrl. ut course, afUr vou gi't
your "stake" then breeze it about all
you can, because then you will be ben
efited by Increasing land values.
After writing the above, which I
thought was an original Idea, I rind
that many of our millionaires and such
a e already "wise" to this game and
are buying up nil the land in sight.
1 hey are keeping it quiet, thousrh, so
ho "common hyrd" can't pet "next."
I'll let it out anyhow, so wo can all
t'xt in on the de.tl.
L. J. QUINHt
Protest from a Fanner.
Loomls, Neb., April 15 To the
Editor of The Bee: Our government
is appealing to the American farmers
to raise as much as possible. We
greatly need to encourago production,
yet of late It has become the fashion
to clamor for government regulation
fit prices of foodstuffs.
First came Qtilnby, contributing to
the letter box, demanding that land
and agriculture be taxed sufficiently
to pay the cost of the war. His Idea,
if he had one, probably was that this
would force landowners to forfeit
their holdings to the government on
account of Inability to keep up taxes.
Highway robbery Is more honorable.
The highwayman at least makes no
pretense of doing It for the public
good.
A few days ago the brilliant Jerry
Howard tried to make the Nebraska .
house go on record as favoring the
fixing of a maximum price of $1 per
bushel for wheat by congress. Splen
did way of encouraging production.
In Saturday's Bee F. A. Agnew ex
hibits a letter he has sent to Senator
Hitchcock. He also wants government
control of prices. I suppose he Is al
ready having visions of ante-bellum
condition as far as cost of living is
concerned. He doesn't want to reduce
wages to what they were. Certainly
not!
Now why not play a little fair? Cost
of production has doubled withfn the
last three years. It Is practically Im
possible to secure experienced farm
.nanus at.any wages, a nine unwise
legislation would drive tne rartner and
subsequently the nation into bank
ruptcy. When we have an aversupply
nobody suggests the fixing of a min
imum price. Now when we are suffer
ing from a shortage why should we
establish a low maximum price and
thus encourage waste? Why doea not
some ono try to curtail the legitimately-earned
profits of the manu
facturer or the Inflated pay checks
of .the laborer? It would be as Just
As a rule they have shorter hours
and better pay.,
The result of the November election
in one of the Dakotas should have
given Qulnby, Howard, Agnew and
company a hint to proceed with cau
tion. Nobody wants a national non
partisan league in control of the af
fairs of this nation, yet sufficient Drod-
dlng by the above brand of statesmen
might arouse a slumbering giant.
H. A. SWANSON.
A S-week'Old calf was nibbling at the
great In the yard, and was viewed In alienee
for some mlnutea by the city girl.
"Tell me," Ihe natd, turning Impulsively
to her hoetees, "does It really pay you to
keep a cow as email aa that?" Harper's.
, . How to Beat Uncle Sam.
Omaha, April U. To the Editor of
The Bee: Of course, you are a pa
triot. You would not do a dishonor
able thing to evade your full 'duty to
help out Uncle Sam in a pineh. You
would pay every tax he levies against
such wealth as you have and you
would not He about the amount of
your wealth or the size of your income.
Yet yeu would like to know some way
in which you could legally evade pay
ing taxes even to Uncle Sam in a
pinch. Come close. Never wh'sper it
to a tout I will "put you next" to a
sure game in which you can evade
paying your Uncle a single penny.
This Is perfectly honorable, because
he himself says you may do It What
is It? Listen!
Invest your money in the things he
says shall be exempt from taxation.
Perfectly plain simple honorable.
What are they? Well, his bonds are
generally free from taxes, but when
hi credit Is good he demands a pre
mium on his bonds, and the Interest
don't amount to much. I can give
you a tip thai; will beat that into a
Joke.
There are In the United States alone
about (90,000,000,000 (ninety billions;
just think of it) of land values, which
your Uncle Sam, In the goodness of
his heart says shall not be' ' taxed.
Isn't it simple? Just convert your in-
The
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