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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 21, 1917)
VOL. XL VI. NO. 263.
OMAHA. SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 21, 1917 TWENTY PAGES.
t. SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
CONGRESS URGED TO CONTROL FOOD PRODUCTS;
TEUTON LINES MELT BEFORE FRENCH ONSLAUGHT
PAGES ONE TO TEN
BOARD BE MADE
Secretary of Agriculture Wants
Law That Will Give Council
of Defense Power to
. Regulate Markets.
IOWA CHILDREN ARE
ASKED TO GROW FOOD
i- . I.
Proclamation by Governor is
Read in Every School Room
in the State.
Gauls Are Maintaining Initia
tive and Are Making Sub
stantial Progress All
Along the Line.
J& M ' I
OUT IN GERMAN
BROAD SCHEME OUTLINED
Authorizes Government to Buy
and Sell Food in Cases of
NEAR PANIC AT CHICAGO
Washington, April 20. Secretary
Houston today recommended to the
senate that the Council of National
Defense be empowered to fix mini
mum and maximum food prices.
To meet the food situation Secre
tary Houston told the senate the De
partment of Agriculture needs the
"To make a complete survey of the
food supply of the nation to deter
mine its location, ownership, control
"In co-operation with the interests
involved, to establish minimum
grades of farm products, including
i seeds and standards for receptacles.
f "To license and supervise the oper
ation of all plants, mills, packing
houses, canneries, slaughter houses,
breweries, distilleries, storage house
or other establishments or factories
in which food or feeds, implements
and any other articles required for
agricultural purposes are prepared,
manufactured or kept for sale or dis
tribution. "To require the preference move
ment by the common carriers of
seeds, fertilizers, farm implements or
the materials required in their manu
To Facilitate Distribution.
"To enlarge the, existing tele
grahic market news service of the de
partment to assist tn the distribution
of product! to the proportionate re
quirements of -the consuming centers.
"In case of extreme emergency, the
government should have power to
nuikct(Mrn dispose pf, food
products and to fix nttiiru,or,ijfe.
f mumr prices. i .' ' ". '
"If is estimated that approximately
$,25,000,000 will be required to carry'
out the plans outlined herein. In or
der that prompt steps may be taken
to put them into effect it is urged that
immediate action be taken to give the
department the -requisite authority
and to make available the necessary
VnnA Pantf at Chiraot
Chicago, III., April 20. "Stop
Hoarding ioou i
This was the cry that swept Chi
cago today as two new restraints
, ; were thrown against the steadily
V , i growing wave of household buying.-"
J ' First An investigation of reports
;i mac speculators wcic tidiuujuig wuc-
' houses in an effort to corner the mar
. ; fleet jn certain foodstuffs was begun by
Second Through its president, Mrs.
'. T. Yerne"e Morse, the Hornet Mak
; era' guild instituted a nation-wide
movement to. check hoarding of foods
through appeals to the patriotism of
women. , X, .
Householders Hoard Food. , .
Despite the restraints thrown about
. food hoarding by the quantity limita
i lions established' by grocers, buying
ly .householders' who feared further
j advances reached a degree of inten
J sity which led grocers in many sec
' i I tions of the city to institute what
' : amounted to the virtual disruption of
fi a. m 42
6 a. m 42
7 a. m 43
8 a. m 40
9 a. m 37
10 a. m 37
11 a. m 3ft
12 noon 3K
1 p. m 30
: p. m 41
3 p. m 4 ft
4 p. m 48
6 p. m hi
6 p. Ill r.3
-7 p. m r.2
8. p. m 6s
Comparative Loral Record.
'"- 1917. 191)1. Kit. 1914.
Hlshfit yesterday 63 R3 S2 71
Lowaot yesterday 3ft 40 65 34
Mean temperature.... 44 4ft 8 62
Precipitation .-.38 .07 . 17 v.00
Temperature and precipitation departures
fromt the normal:
Normal temperature 53
deficiency tor the day 9
Total excess since March 1 86
Normal preclpltAtlon , 10 Inch
Kxi'oss tor the day 28 Inch
Total rainfall since March 1. ..3.09 Inches
TJeflelency since March t. 10 Inch
deficiency for cor. period tn 1916.1.15 lnchea
Deficiency for cor. period In 1916. .90 Inch .
Reports From Stations at J P. M.
Station and State Temp. Hlsh- Rain
of Weather. 7 p. m. est. fall.
Cheyenne, cloudy 60 62 .00
davenport, rainlni 46 64 .04
Denver, clear 66 so ,00
Pes Moines, raining 42 60 .18
l)o.lr City, clear 68 62 .00
Lander, part cloudy 6tl so .00
Chicago, part cloudy .62 72 ' .06
Omaha, clear 62 63 .38
Pueblo, clear GO 62 .on
rtspid.Clty, part cloudy. ..(in 5 .on
Kelt Lake City, clear 62 63 .00
Kanta , clear 56. 66 .00
Minneapolis, cloudy. 42 44 .10
Htoua City, clear. 52 64 .Ot
Uslahoma. clear 62 66 .00
L. A. WELSH. MetsorolclUt
WORK IS TO BEGIN TODAY
Dcs Moines, la., April 10. In a
proclamation which is believed to be
the first instrument of its sort ever
! addressed exclusively to school chil
dren by the governor of any state
William L. Harding, governor of
', Iowa, today appealed to the boys and
! girls of the staje to help Iowa pro
duce a maximum yield of foodstuffs
during the coming season.
The proclamation, which follows,
will be read in every school room in
the state this afternoon.
"To the boys and girls of Iowa:
"As governor' of the state on be
half of humanity everywhere I call
upon you to help in every way you can
in reducing the world food shortage.
Shortage Already Apparent.
"You no doubt know that in our
own United States we are producing
less foodstuffs than is demanded to
supply our own people. This, cou
pled with European conditions, makes
the situation very serious and com
mands our earnest and patriotic at
tention. "Our own beloved America is at
war with a foreign country. It is
the duty of every boy and girl in stir
ring times like these to volunteer his
or her service to the flag and to the
country. Few, if any, of you can
join those who take up arms, but you
can do just as valiant service for
your country and show your patriot
ism just as much by doing all in
your power to assist in growing food
stuffs to help feed the hungry mil
lions and those who actually do the
righting in all the ways of modem
Needs Help of All Children.
"Our own Iowa is by nature
equipped to produce more food than
any other state in the union. To do
this and bring this production up to
the. highest possibility we need the
help of every boy and girl in the
state. We need your individual help.
You can help and by doing so not
only serve your country, but your
self as well. The way that naturally
suggests itself to one with open mind
is for you to plant a garden, give it
good care and then make a careful
etudy of harvesting so that the fruits
of your-toil can be available for iood.
."Parents and teachers will help you
in this splendid task and, in addition,
the state stands ready to give through
its various agencies all the assistance
you may command. The state can
lo much for you by furnishing in
formation of the latest and most im
proved methods of food production
"Therefore, by virtue of the power
in me vested as governor of the state
of Iowa, I call upon every boy and
girl in the state to enlist in this cam
paign to increase the food supply and
in accordance therewith set apart Fri
day, April 20, 1917, as the day when
this work shall be actually started."
Letter to Teachers.
In a letter address to all school
teachers the governor said:
"We are all interested in the great
need of incrasing food production of
our state and. I feel sure that you will
co-operate .with us in bringing to the
attention of the boys and girls of the
public schools the fact that they can
be of material assistance in this im
"I am sending you the proclamation
with the request that you make it a
part of your program and that you do
all you can to enthuse the boys and
girls to plant, cultivate and harvest
such garden and field vegetables as
will increase the food supply."
Another Ancient City
Of Egypt Unearthed
By the Scientists
(Correspondence of The Associated Press.)
Cairo, March 25. The site of
Canopus, one of the most ancient
cities of, Egypt, has been found, ac
cording to Daninos Pasha, who claims
the honor of making the discovery.
For many years he has maintained
that its site lay somewhere in the
region of Abouklr bay and, appar
ently, his contention is now proved to
Before the foundation of Alex
andria, Canopus was the commercial
capital of the country and the most
important religious center in lower
tgypt. Excavations have already
brought to light a great public bath
of the Ptolemaic period, about 150
feet in length. It is divided into
twenty chambers of which the largest
is ahout twenty-tour feet long and of
the same width. There are rooms for
various forms of baths, such as hip
and mud baths and a large ' all which
was evidently used for massage pur
poses and the preparation of aromatic
Bronze coins found in various
rooms bear the effigies of Ptolemy
Soter Ptolomey Energatcs and Queen
Berenice. Of the several statuettes
unearthed, the most interesting is
that of a Chinese figure, which shows,
it is contended, that in the dim oast
relations must have existed between
China and this ancient capital of
Egypt. . '
Ben Teal, Theatrical Producer
And Stage Manager, Is Dead
New York, April 20. Ben Teal,
theatrical producer and stage man
ager, died here today.
Strikes Breatt Out iWyQpp
Plants and Various other
War Factories in Berlin
HOLLWEQ WON'T LISTEN
Chancellor Declines to Aot as
Arbiter or Discuss Situa
tion With Toilers.
DEPUTATION CALLS ON HIM
Amsterdam, April 20. (Via Lon
I don.) Strikes have broken out in var
I ious munition factories in Germany,
including the Krupps, the Telcgraaf
says it has learned from German
I Chancellor von Bct!fniann-Hollvreg
I says the Berlin Lokal Anzeiger, hav
i ing declined to discuss the situation
with a deputation headed by Hugo
I Haase, president of the central execu
! tive committee of the independent so
i cialist democratic party. 20,000 work
ers in four factories m Greater Berlin
decided to continue their strike.
Strike Continues Everywhere.
Copenhagen (Via London), April
20. According to the Berlin Vor
waerts the strike continues every
where in Berlin and Chancellor von
Bethmann-Hollweg's reply to a depu
tation of workers from the Deutsche
VVaffcn uud Munitions Fabrik of Ber
lin was a declaration to assume the
task of arbitrator.
Loqan Backs Up Men
Who Enter Army Service
Logan, la., April 20. (Special Tele
gram.) The war meeting here last
evening at the Christian church in
honor of the company in process of
organization at Missouri Valley was
a decided success in attendance, en
thusiasm and patriotism. Dr. R. D.
McEvoy presided. Speeches were
made by Rev. Edgar Price, of the
Christian church; Editor A. H. Sniff,
of the News; Attorney Ambrose
Burke, Captain Brown, representing
the veterans of the Civil war, and the
Spanish-American war soldiers also
had a representative. Dr. C. S. Ken
nedy, of Logan, and Dr. Wells Dew
ell. mayor of Woodbine, who recently
enlisted with thirty or more young
men of Woodbine and vicinity, were
Missouri Valley proposes to give
$1,000 to the local company.
Son-in-Law Tried to Chop
Him Up With Cleaver, He Says
Frank Wilson, 2710 Parker street,
colored, is in the hospital' ward of the
city jail with several deep gashes on
his head, which he said were inflicted
by his son-in-law, Tex Richard, with
According to Wilson, his son-in-law
attempted to chop his wife. When
Wilson protested, Wilson said, Rich
ard grabbed the oil lamp and heaved
it at hinie. He then took a meat
cleaver and was in the act of chopping
him up when police were called.
Frank, jr., son of Mr. Wilson, 'was
cut on the arm by Richard, when
he asked that his father be spared.
His injury was not serious. A fire
alarm was turned in to put out the
blaze, caused by the oil spilled on the
floor. Richard made his escape.
Forty More Car Men
Join Lincoln Strike
Lincoln, Neb., April 20. Forty
street car operatives joined the strik
ers here this morning, bringing the
total of men striking up to 140. Only
twelve of the old men are now work
ing. Street car service is further par
alyzed and hundreds of people walked
in from the suburbs through a chill
rain this morning. The traction com
pany has complained that the Lincoln
police officers have not given satis
factory protection and as a result all
car service will be abandoned again
Nebraska House Asks Law
Barring Liquor During War
Lincoln, Neb., April 20. The low
er house of the Nebraska legislature
iast evening adopted without dissent
a resolution petitioning President
Wilson and congress to pass a law
"that will prohibit the sale and trans
portation of malt, spiritous, vinous,
alcoholic and intoxicating liquors in
the United States during the period
of the war."
American Sentries Fire
On Mexican Snipers
F.I Taso, Tex., April 20. Snipers,
who fired at an American sentry sta
tioned at the viaduct, in the suburbs
of this city, were fired upon in return
by a squad of United States soldiers
"One Mexican was seen to fall after
a volley had been fired across the
Bennie Leonard Knocks Out
Richie Mitchell in Seventh
Milwaukee, April 20. Benny Leon
ard of New York, crack lightweight,
scored a knockout over Richie
Mitchell, Milwaukee, in the seventh
round of a scheduled ten-round,
no decision boxing bout tonight. The
blow that ended the bout was a stiff
swing to the jaw
VILLA TELLS D.S. HE
ISN'T KAISER'S ALLY
Bandit Chief Reported to Have
Sent Envoy With Assur-i-ances
Not Leagued.", i
ALLEGED DEAL 18 .DENIED
El Paso, Tex., April 20. Coming
direct from Villa's camp on the Cpn
chos river, a delegate from the Mexi
can leader is said to have passed
through here recently enroute to the
interior of the United States to de
liver documents to Miguel Diaz Lom
bardi, who is understood to be Villa's
choice for provisional president of
his proposed government.
The presence of the Villa courier
was not known here until after he had
left the border, according to men who
are close to Villa. This courier told
a Villa partisan here that he would de
liver papers to Lombardi instructing
him to go at once to Washington and.
deny that any Germans were in
Villa's command and to state that
Villa would oppose' by force any ef
forts of any Mexican faction to align
his people with the Germans.
The arrival of this courier was the
first direct information which local
Villa partisans claim to have had
from him for three weeks.
Say Must Continue
War With Germany
Petrograd, April 20. (Via Lon
don.) The Zemlia Volia, the organ
of the revolutionary socialists, de
clares that the prosecution of the wa.'
is necessary, since Germany persists
in its plans of conquest. The paper
"A peace formula without annexa
tions implies of necessity the restora
tion of the devastated countries of
Belgium,- Serbia, Montenegro and
Rouroania, and also the application
of the principle of a plebiscite to de
cide the fate of the people in cases
where there is a dispute. Germany
still continues to seek conquests and
to penetrate further into Russian ter
ritory. It is, therefore, necessary to
accept the Calvary of war to the end.
"But the defense of the country
and abstention on our' part from at
tempts at annexation in no way
means that the soldiers are to re
main in the trenches without attack
ing. An offensive is necessary to se
cure a successful end to the war."
Bread Cards in Sweden ! :
Force Use of Barley Bread
(Correspondence of The Associated l'ress.)
Stockholm, March 31. One result
of the introduction of the bread card
in Sweden has been a return in some
quarters to the baking of barley bread.
Bread from barley flour, which may
be sold without bread cards, is already
being served in several railway res
taurants. Hotels to Save Eyes
Of Spuds for Gardens
Columbus, O., April 20. After
a conference with Governor Cox,
Columbus hotel proprietors an
nounced today that in the future
they will save the eyes of the po
tatoes they use foe distribution to
backyard gardeners as seed.
w Our Flag
Comedian, Who Wai HI for
More Than Month in Chicago
BK8AK WITH SMALL CIRCUS
Chicago,. April 20. David Mont
gomery, the comedian, who had been
ill in a church hospital for more than
a month, died shortly after 4 o'clock
this afternoon. '
Montgomery was of Scotch descent
and was about 47 years old. He began
his career as an entertainer with a
small circus. From clown and side
show dancer he became a minstrel
and for some time was with the Hav
erly troupe of Mastodon minstrels.
In 1895 he formed the partnership
with Fred Stone, and the team of
Montgomery and Stone soon became
famous. The two appeared in the
"Wirard of Or," Montgomery as the
tin woodman and Stone as the sjraw
Montgomery last appeared in "Chin
Chin" at St. Paul, leaving the com
pany to come here for medical ex
amination, which resulted in his going
to the hospital on March 20. After
the operation he rallied for a time,
but suffered a relapse, since which
he had been unconscious for days at
a time. ,
Rev. C. C. Tracy, Author
And Missionary, is Dead
Los Angeles, Cal., April 20. Rev.
Charles C. Tracy, educator and mis
sionary, died here , early today,
having precipitated a fatal crisis in
his illness, his physicians said, when
he left his sick bed about ten days
ago to urge Armenian relief work in
a speech at a public gathering.
Dr. Tracy was president of the
Anatolia college at Marsivan, Tur
key, from 1886 to 1913 and was in
Los Angeles on furlough at the out
break of the war. He was the author
of many religious stories and hymns.
He was 78 years old and is survived
by a widow, a daughter and a son re
siding in Los Angeles and by an
other son in the ministry at Rich
mond, Vt. He was born at Smith
May Option on Wheat is
High:.- Than at Chicago
On the Omaha market the May
wheat option sold at $2.56, while Chi
cago May was selling at $2.44, but
cash wheat was unchanged, the top
price being $270 per bushel. Re
ceipts were twenty-eight carloads.
Corn was up 3 cents, selling at $1.51
1.58, the high for the day being a
new top. Receipts were seventy-two
Oats sold 'around 72(j73 cents per
bushel, unchanged from Thursday.
The receipts were fifty-four carloads.
TOO MUCH ECONOMY
WORSE THAN WASTE
National Defense Council Ad'
'i Titer Warni Against Hys
- terics in Sacrifices,
P&OSPZKITY IS ESSENTIAL
Washington, April 20. Warning to
the nation against a real danger in
hysterical . and ill-advised economy
and interference with normal pursuits
of the people is given by Howard E.
Coffin of the advisory commission of
the Council of National Defense in a
statement made public last night as
the first enterprise of the govern
ment's new committee on public in
formation. Just returned from a trip through
several middle western states, Mr.
Coffin deplores the fact that condi
tions of unemployment , and closed
factories should arise as a result of
indiscriminate efforts, public and pri
vate, toward wt,r-time economies.
Often Far from Practical.
"After nearly three years of refusal
to take the European war and its' les
son seriously;" Mr. Coffin says, "we
suddenly launched forth in a most
feverish activity to save the country
overnight. Patriotic organizations al
most without number are milling
around noisily, and, while intentions
are good, the results are often far
"Because of an impending and pos
sible shortage of foodstuffs we have
hysterical demands for economy in
every line of human, endeavor. Waste
is bad, but an undiscriminating
economy is worse.-
"Some states and municipalities are
stopping road building and other pub
lic work. General business is being
slowed down because of the emo
tional response of the trading public
to these micguided campaigns for
economy; savings are being with
drawn from the banks; reports show
that some people have begun to hoard
food supplies, and thousands of work
ers are being thrown needlessly out
of employment. All this is wrong-.
Prosperity Essential in War.
"We need prosperity in war time
even more than when we are at
"It seems therefore, that a plain
statement of general policv is most
"Upon the industrial side of the war
three great tasks confront us:
"First and foremost, we must fa
cilitate the flow of raw materials and
finished products to our allies and
must provide the means of rail and
water transportation therefor.
"Second, we must meet our own
great military and naval building
"Third, we must plan to do all this
with the least possible disarranaiement
to our own vast commercial and in-
Recruiting Posters on the
Union Pacific Local Trains
Kavy recruiting posters are to be
placed in all chair ears of local and
branch line trains on the Union Pa
cific railroad in Nebraska and Kan
sas, according to orders by President
E. E. Calvin of the road.
Frank, 19-year-old son of President
Calvin, has asked and received his
parents' approval before joining an or
ganisation tor military service. The
young man is still attendinsr the Uni
versity of California in Berkeley, bul
plans soon to enlist
FORT CONDE IS CAPTURED
Strong Force Defending Im
portant Angle is Caught
Between Jaws of Vice.
COUNTER ATTACKS FAIL
Paris, April 20. Hard fighting con
tinues between the French and the
Germans all along the southern front
The French war office in its latest
communication issued this evening
records further progress for the
forces of General Nivelle north of the
Aisne, in Champagne and in the' Ar
gonne forest. '
More than 19,000 Germans have
been made prisoner and guns in ex
cess of 100 have beeivcaptured by the
French since the offensive began last
Monday. German counter attacks
were repulsed. The failure of the Ger
mans to resist the pressure of the
French is the outstanding feature of
the operations to date.
Crushing All Salients.
It is clear that General Nivellc's
armies are in no danger of losing the
initiative and that gradually but sure
ly all the salients along the Soissons
Auberive front are being crushed.
The principal salientf to which the
enemy had clung formed an. angle
where the front, running south from
St. Quentin, hinged to the line run
ning eastward toward Rheinis. .'
Caught as in a vise by the troops
advancing northeast from Laffaux
and northwest from Vailly and Chav
onne, the angle collapsed yesterday
and Fort Conde was captured. Sub
stantial progress also was made in
the center, ground being won cast
and west of Craonne. ,
Countsr Attacks Repulsed. .
' Violent fighting" umlinufd during
the night, in the course of which the
French msdc further gains in -the re
gions of Lsffaiuc-and the Vauckrc
platesfl, - the t war : office .announces.
Several .fines of trenches east of
Loivrt were captured.
Heavy counter attacks by the Ger
mans in the Champagne were re
pulsed, severe losses being inflicted
on the enemy.
The statement follows:
"South of St. Quentin the enemy's
artillery kept up a heavy fire, to
which our batteries replied vigor
ously. During the night patrol en
counters occurred north of Urvillers.
In the region of Laffaux we made ap
preciable progress and took fifty
prisoners. We repulsed several
counter attacks in this sector.
"On the Vauclerc plateau and south
west of Courcy we carried several
trenches with grenades. East of
Loivre a well conducted operation
enabled us to gain ground and take
German Attacks Violent.
"In the Champagne the night was
marked hy violent reactions of the
enemy. Strong counter attacks pre
ceded by bombardments wera
launched by' the Germans in the re
gion of Moronvilliers. Our curtain of
fire and our machine guns competely
negatived these efforts which cost
the enemy very heavy losses. A score
of prisoners remained in our hands.
Everywhere else the night passed in
"On April 16 ten German airplanes
and two captive balloons were
brought 'down by our pilots."
Berlin, April 20 (Via London). .
The occupation of the Siegfried posi
tions, which long have been under
construction, says the official state
ment issued today by the German
army headquarters, began on March
16 and ended yesterday by the aban
donment of the bank of the River
Aisne between Conde and Soupir.
"The enemy," the statement adds,
The German statement continues:
"On the Arras battlefield the firing
increases daily. Near St. Quentin it
varies. Th double battle on the Aisne
and in the Champagne continues its
normal course, v
"A second French attempt to break
through in the Champagne has been
frustrated." , , '
Berlin Reports New Battles.
Berlin (Via London), April 20.
The official statement issued, by the
Uerman war omce this evening re
ports that new engagements devel
oped during the afternoon between
lJrosnes, east ot Kheims, and the
Suippes valley. '
Your Want-Ad for the
must be in before 9
o'clock tonight. To be
sure to have it in in
time, call , ,
You are as close to
The Bee Want-Ad Dept.
as your phone is to yon.
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