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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 20, 1917)
THE BEE: OMAHA, FRIDAY, APRIL 20, ' 1317.'
iThe Omaha Bee
DAILY (MORNING) EVENING SUNDAY '
FOUNDED BY EDWAKD R03EWATER .
VICTOR ROSEWATER, EDITOR
! TUB BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. PROPRIETOR.
tntarad mt Omaha poatoffica mm ttcotij-dtn mattar.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
B, amir. R. UHL
flail sad Buflflar par moalh. S5 Bar.'. $8. so
n-i'ir vmboiu Mania " " -
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rtatl. ana Bundar Bm. thrvt Taaia In sdvane I!.M
Bcn4 vntlM ri caanas of addrsss or tmiulana la Bslltsrf to Oausa
Bm, Circulation Doptftawnt. ' '
Ranut Mt srifl. tipfuo or petal ordar. On! -float sunns tikoo II
riratwl or small areounts. Paraoaal ease, taeopl aa Oaaaa and
aaaura Mcsaaia. sot accaptaa.
ftaiata TM too Balldlns. Oaicaio rantf1 Gas BuilaUl.
8-nitB ,Omaa-ll ! Bt. Krw Tort 3 fifth At,
rounrtl llaffa-14 !. Mali Bt Bt. lolo-No . tf
L!neola-mtIs BuHdlns. Washington -7 HtaBt N. W. ,
jtnartt ataaainalratletia relating to aawa ana sdltsrlal "attar It
Omaha Bm. Editorial Pswrtmsat
, FEBRUARY CIRCULATION
54,592 Daily Sunday, 50,4gg
tman MnularM for too inontna nbocrtbtt aad rwora u J arolBBI
vtuitaaia. wnviisiioa "
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Sutocraasra laavin - ' I r.j
MM Una.. Aadraaa chaniaal fasjmalaal
' Don't be i Blacker, Clean upl
f Soda water and ginger ale, we take it, are to
! ' "Do your bit!" is a fitting follow-up to
"Brighten the Corner!"
i r Cape Cod loomi large in the naval icare belt.
Emphasis on the last syllable.
; Looks like a few labor troubles impending
litre in Omaha. Get togetherl
i Well, here's hoping that nothing in our new
prohibition law will operate to atop the flow of
grape juice. I
The spring drive of the rake, the paint brush
and the broom makes for health and home com
fort. Go to it. .. -
'- One peculiar attribute of the devoted pacifist
', hit readiness to fight for his views against any
who differ with him. ' v
S Butter and egg prices going up may pass beef
and pork prices on the way, but the "h. e. of I."
goes on just the same.
Army officers no lest than aliens might profit
ably heed the Gregorian injunction, "Obey the
lav.- and keep your mouth shut,"
; The legislature has tet Friday evening for ad
journment, but this doesn't mean the solons won't
be there till Sunday morning.
The home guard must not forget for t mo
ment that opportunities for service behind the
line call for physical, not vocal action.
; Warnings of Subset sea-serpent! in the Pa
cilic prove to be false alarms. Just a repitition
of the usual summer resort sea-serpent yarnl .
The house military committee says "No" to
the administration army plan. The house com
nlittee, however, does not have th whole say
nor the last say.
' In former years Arbor day exerted one dis
tinct pull "Plant trees." This year patriotism
: overshadows sentiment and calls for food crops.
Trees can wait, if necessary,
: The time for debating the wisdom of our en
tering the war is over. The only thing to do now
; it to stand firmly for the United States at against
all enemies at home and abroad.
; The reason for "no aeparate peace" it the same
.today as it was' when the thirteen American eol-
oniet were fighting their war for independence.
United we stand, divided we fall I
' , The Austrian cardinal who presided at the
ceremonial prayer meeting where Emperor
. Charles vowed to erect a church if given victory
appropriately enough it named Fiffi.
' Germany'i assurance that none of itt subma
rines are present in American waters will be put
down along with tevcral other ttatementt that
have cVme out of Berlin aince the war begun,
' under the heading of "important if true."
Omaha may not entertain volunteer army offi
. cers at their intensive training camp, but we will
enjoy the greater privilege of being host to a
large assemblage of soldier boys when the
rendezvous at Fort Crook begins in earnest.
! 'In the matter of the vetoes,. Governor Neville
has not kept up even with Governor Morehead,
who did en rare occasions kill an objectionable
bill or two. It is surely not because some of the
democratic legislative output ought not to be
Man has no monopoly of physical courage.
The notion is an enlargement of the male ego.
There are innumerable instances in everyday life
. of womanly courage, endurance and heroic forti
tude which are not surpassed by the records of
the trouserod crowd.
Enlisting the Railroads
Now York World
The new Adamson bill empowering the presi
dent to take over railway, telegraph and telephone
lines "in case of actual or threatened war ia a
fateful precedent and landmark in our history.
Under it the president can commandeer for
national service alt railway, telegraph and tele
phone lines, or say how they shall be managed.
Nor will these powers lie dormant. , We may need
to put checks on messages, to reduce the num
ber of passenger trains, to curtail shipments of
luxuries and give food, war material and neces-
. sities the right of way. These things have been
done in England. On a far smaller scale they
were done here' during the civil war.
More startling are the provisions for conscrip
tion of persons. From section hand, brakeman
nd engineer up to general manager and. presi
dent, they may all be aet at work for the country
(there experience maket them useful. For this
also there is precedent among free peoples.
This bill measures how far and at what speed
we have come from Jefferson's best government,
that "governs least. No other human activity
so compels socialization and centralization as
does modern warfare. And aince in all the great
nations engaged it will be impossible at the re
turn of peace to unsocialiie and-decentralize vital
industries to quite the degree previously existing,
it may be necessary for future historians to
- reckon that modern times began on August 1,
1914 . ,. .. ,.
Whither W Are Drifting.
. The obstacles that are being put .in the way,
in congress, of the measures deemed by the presi
dent necessary to vigorous .prosecution of the
war show" that, despite the object lesson furnished
by Great Britain's costly experiences before
buckling down to business for the fray, we will
probably have to go through the same ordeal.
Differences of opinion as to whether we
should, or should not, have entered thewar count
for nothing now. Being in it; we must bend
every energy to accomplish our object, and those
who do not want to help must at least refrain
from obstructing the, work in hand. After invit
ing the enemy to do his worst it it suicidal for us
to hit at him with the soft end of a feather duster.
If the chairman of the house military affairs com
mittee and the majority of his associates are op
posed to pushing the war in earnest and refuse
to change their present tactics, it will devolve
upon the house to get another chairman of that
committee and reconstitute its membership.
If the controlling democratic majority in the
house is not ready to co-operate effectually with
the president of their own party faith, a realign
ment of the house across party lines will become
necessary, as it did in Great Britain, and control
will have to be assumed by a coalition majority.
And if a coalition party made up of the ag
gressive forward-looking democrats and repub
licans and independents in both senate and house
take the reins in congress, it will be necessary for
the president, likewise, to make his administration
accord with his supporting forces and give us a
coalition cabinet with the strongest and best
equipped leaders in the whole nation at the head
of each department, regardless of previous polit
ical affiliation, just as has come about in Great
Finally, if Jhis is to be the outcome, it will be
well for one and alt to realize, quickly what is
ahead of us and to begin to shape our action in
that direction. .
Department of Agriculture
The Biggest School in World
By Frederic J. Haikin
Socialistic Intrigue in Ruttia,
Pledges given by the provisional government
of Russia to not negotiate any separate peace
brings great relief to the allies. Some natural ap
prehension had disquieted the governments whose
fortunes are bound up with the Russians as to
the disposition of the men who are in control at
Petrograd. This was increased by the announce
ment of the progress of a commission of German
socialist leaders toward the Russian capital, with
the thought of inviting their "comrades" to desert
the entente. This intrigue, supported by the
Prussian leaders, is nullified hy the assurances
now obtained from Milyukoff and his associates.
The. German schemers, who head the move,
showed either astounding simplicity or impudent
duplicity. The socialistic embassy was empowered
to carry promises, but had no authority whatever
to give guarantees. Separate peace with Russia
would surely prolong the war, and might even
lead to triumph for the Prussian autocracy over
other of its foes. Such an outcome would cer
tainly be followed by the restoration of the
Romanoff dynasty, probably as a vassal of the)
junker ruler, for Prussia could not abide another
republican neighbor.' So transparent in all its
details it the plan of the radical socialists of Ger
many that it lacked support of a considerable
v tug of the party, and its only menace lay in the
fact that it might find welcome among Russians
The Russian people have won their freedom,
and for the time must maintain it themselves.
They can not at this time look for any help to
Germany, nor until the German socialists have
freed themselves will they ever be able to assist
others to freedom.
One Hundred Per Cent Men.
The naval recruiting, station 'at Omaha points
with pride that itt contribution to the new navy
hat passed 100 per cent. Not a man of the Hun
dreds tent" out from here for the service has been
rejected for any cause. It has long been known
that the real men of the navy come from the
west, the "corn field" sailors surpassing in gen
eral qualities those who are reared within sight
of "tide water." Nebraska and itt neighbors add
annually to the strength of the nation by the con
tribution of splendid men to the fighting forces
of Uncle Sam; but not only to the military does
this region provide manhood that stands the most
severe tests, but to every phase of- national life.
The sturdy and vigorous youth of the middle
west, full of energy born of life in the open, air,
with notions unrestricted by the influence of over
crowding, it the best of our country's resources.
One hundred per cent men come from out of the
west. ' ,
Washington, D. C, April 17. Almost three
years ago congress passed a law which hat been
repeatedly described by men qualified to judge
as the broadest and most significant educational
act ever adopted by any nation in the world since
history began. This act (the Smith-Lever exten
sion act) has been operating for three years now,
and it promises to do all that was expected of it.
Yet there are very few Americans, even among
those directly affected, who realize what a big
measure it is and what immense changes it can
work in our national life.
The Smith-Lever act is a law providing fuwU
for teaching the people in the rural districts of
the United States the most successful methods of
farming. But by successful farming it means a
great dcil more than raising the greatest possible
number of bushels to the acre. Successful farm
ing means a successful solution of the whole
problem of rural life; it means checking the rush
to the cities by making possible a full and com
fortable life in the country; it means a balancing
of our whole national economy by building up a
country life that shall be as attractive as city life,
and thus gall ;ring t contended rural population
as large as is necessary to settle questions of
The farmer is a conservative citizen. The sys
tem of sending him printed booklets and printed
directions is all right, but it has its limitations.
The best way to convince him is to send a prac
tical man to his farm and show him how to do it.
Let him tee the process and the results with his
own eyes, and put the profits in his own hank
account, and he is an enthusiastic convert. The
method of teaching by actual demonstration is
better than all the other methods put together.
This fact has long been recognized, and dem
onstration work was no new thing when the
Smith-Lever act provided for an increasing an
nual expenditure by state and nation for the pur
pose that will eventually total ten or twelve mil
lion dollars a year. But the system will effect
demonstration work on a new scale. It will
mean that every one of the 2,850 rural counties
in the United States will have two county agents
for demonstration work, probably a man and a
woman in each. Already more than 1.300 rural
counties have such agents. Every agent is in
touch with all the work that is being done on
farm problems in all the different states and in
the federal department. The plan will put every
farmer in touch with all the farm work that is
being done in the United States. If a farmer in
Oregon or an experiment station in Florida works
out a new method, the farmer in Iowa or the
farmer in California can learn how to use it a
week later. Without such a system he might not
even hear of it for three seasons.
The demonstration method has the great merit
of convincing the most skeptical by piling up re
sults before their eyes. It usually has to work
that way. For instance, there was a county agent
out in Arkansas who got into a community that
laughed at the idea of new methods. The agent
got one farmer to plant a demonstration acre of
corn. That farmer was an object of public pity.
Neighbors drove from miles around to implore
him not to waste his time and money. Later
they came to sit on his fence while he worked his
land in the new way, and laughed at him, calling
him a "government farmer" and a "book farmer,"
and predicting dire disaster.' About three monflis
later they were driving over again, but this time
to wonder at his corn. He harvested fifty bushels
to the acre, while the average for the neighbor
hood was twenty bushels. That neighborhood
was converted. The first farmer became a volun
teer co-operator with the department, one of an
army of 770,000, most of whom enlisted in some
what the same way.
Demonstration work is not by any means con
fined to crop work. It covers every detail of
rural life. The women county agents work ex
clusively in the household, helping in matters of
cooking and preserving, saving labor, teaching
sanitary methods, taking up the social side of life,
and doing much to render the country more at
tractive as well as more profitable. The -work
with boys and girls has become well known all
over the nation, through such features as pig
clubs and corn clubs. Very often the boy or
girl is the best way to reach the father or mother.
American Airships Commended.
A report lately made to the government by a
board of naval experts says that the American
built airship is equal to the best Europe has yet
produced. In fact, the aeroplanes and hydro
planet built on this side have some advantages in
design, while the fighting aircraft are actually su:
perior to the models employed by the European
armiet. Our scouting flyers are of the best type,
and are capable of meeting the extremest require
ment! of service. This is not at all surprising,
when it is recalled that the aeroplane it an Amer
ican invention, and, while our aviators have not
been put to the supreme test of war, their experi
ments have not slackened. Army airmen had
good tryouta last summer, when Pershing's
column in Mexico was well served by the flyers.
Our wavy, too, hat kept pace with all achieve
ments, the only thing lacking being plenty of the
machines. A sufficient number of aircraft is to
be prurided, and men to handle them will be
ready in good season.
Report has it that many vineyards in the ter
ritory surrounding Omaha' have been winter
killed, or, at any rate, show no tigns of bearing
this year. The grape vines must have gone on a
strike last fall when they heard that Nebraska
had voted to go 'Mry" the first of May.
Presidential warnings merely emphasize how
easily trouble may be found by those seeking it.
Citizens sore, at heart through kinship ties, yet
determined to do right, are assured safety by
practicing the Gregorian motto: "Obey the laws
and keep your mouth shut!"
Ambassador Gerard tells how Grand Admiral
von Tirpitt planned to collect a bunch of war
indemnity from the United States. Enforced re
tirement it one of the least of the grand admiral's
disappointments. ' '
A real tug of war is being staged between
President Wilson, and the house committee on
military affairs over the new army bill. Odds are
in favor of the president, at this juncture
The results of the work already are greater
than most people realize. Last year there were
over a million demonstration acres planted. Work
was done in 32,000 orchards; 60,000 head of pure
blooded aiock were bought for breeding at the
instigation of agents. Over 300,000 boys and girls
were enrolled in clubs. On the domestic side,
there are such figures as 27,000 homes screened,
2.S00 water systems installed, 2,500 community
clubs organized. County agents last year traveled
a total of 3,500,000 miles. Figures are cold things,
but behind each of these figures are facts that
would make an interesting book.
' Cme of the most significant features of the
work is the hearty co-operation that makes it suc
cessful. Nation and statu; and county are work
ing togetlier. All the loose and disjointed exten
sion activitiet of the past are caught up into a
aingle amooth whole. This co-operative machine
promises to give effective service in any steps
that may have to be taken for the regulation of
farm work and farm life in the present emer
gency. Such a step it already indicated in the
action of Secretary Houston to create an organi
zation extending into every state through which
the activities of the federal government can be
carried on. Co-operation means results.
Our Fighting Men
George O. Squier.
Lieutenant Colonel George O. Squier, who it
in charge of the army aviator service, was born at
Dryden, Mich., in 1865. Graduating from West
Point in 1887, he added to his scientific knowl
edge by a course at Johns Hopkins university.
He has had a full, and highly creditable record in
the army as an expert in charge of the signal
corps. In the war with Spain he acted as chief
signal officer of the Third army corps. For two
years, 1900-1902, he was intrusted with the work
Of laying cables in the Philippines, the work be
ing undertaken at great risk owing to the hos
tility of the natives. In 1912 he was named as
military attache at the American embassy in Lon
don. While in London he perfected his invention
of the multiplex telephone. His attainments as an
electrician and mechanician and his resourceful
ness as an inventor made the choice of Colonel
Squier seem a natural one to men ip the army
acquainted with the needs of the aviation section
of the signal corps. .
Admiral Henry T. Mayo, the sandy-haired Ver
monter now in command of the Atlantic fleet of
the United States navy, upon whom much will
depend for the skillful execution of orders from
Washington, has served in the navy since 1876,
the vrar rtf hi. irraHnation from Annannlla Rv
rl899 he had risen to the rank of lieutenant-com
mander, and in the war with Spain he made a
creditable record. In-1907 he came into command
of his first vessel, the Albany. Since that time he
has forged ahead, with alternating land and sea
appointments, among the former being service at
the Naval War college, command of the Mare
Island navy yard, and aide for personnel at the
Navy department. In 1916 he became commander
of a division of the Atlantic fleet. It was while
on this assignment, when he demanded that
Huerta salute the Stars and Stripes, that he uo
held the honor and dignity of the American flag
and-uniform in a way to give him world-wide
fame. Among his associates Admiral Mavo is
known as just a plain, ordinary, unassuming two
fisted sailorman who has been tending strictly to
business for the period of more than forty years
that ha tiaa ktkatM n .1 Tni"ta Q i wi ' nttal at. a!,!-. a
, ..... ... ... w...v . ...... ......
Proverb for the Day.
A fool and hit money are Boon
One l'eat. Ago Today In the War.
British driven from a trench and
two craters about Ypres.
British at Kut-el-Amara reported to
be in critical condition.
French took by storm German
trenches on both sides of the Meuse
In Omaha Thirty Years Ago.
Arthur Kemingtoi and .Miss Georfri
ana McCormlck were married at the
MuCormick residence. Eighteenth and
Capitol avenuet by Rev. A. F. Sherrill
of the First CongreKallonal enurch.
D. M. Fretwell, assisted by Edward
Allen, conducted an auction sate of
tickets for the Edwin Booth engage
ment at Boyd's opera house. The two
boxos sold ,for f 25, while Guy Barton
sofe'-, Iawun EDWIN
bought the proscenium left-hand box
for the first night for $40 and John
T. Clarke secured It for the remaining
two nights at the rate of (35 for each
Messrs. . William Wallace, George
Wallace, E. L. Stone, Captain Rustin,
J. T. Bell and George Guy formed a
board of appraisers to pass upon the
value of a piece of property, about
half an acre In extent Just west of
the new bridge, which belongs to Lin
inger & Metcalfe.
Inspector O'Donovan, who has had
charge of the construction of the
Eleventh street viaduct, says that but
a few sections of the hand rail re
main to be put in place.
At the meeting of the Seventh ward
democrats John T. Boyd and James
Megeath were nominated councllman-at-large
and councilman, respectively.
The delegates to the convention ap
pointed were Christopher Daniels, C.
W. Brooks, Louis Soy, Samuel Cotner,
J. J. Mahoney, Cyrus Morton and
.t a meeting of the Omaha Gro
cers' association the following names
of new members were added to the
roll; J. T. McVittle, J. Mulvihill, J.
C. McGuckln, C. D. Sims. R. Engle
man, Jacobsen ft Tlmmenson, R. B.
Patton, Chris Grotmack. Hammond &
Co., Hitch & Son, James Whelan and
T. W. Smith.
This Day In History.
1889 Provisional government was
established In Massachusetts, with Si
mon Bradstreet as governor.
1791 Henry Burden, inventor of
the horseshoe machine, born in Scot-'
land. Died at Troy, N. Y., January
1861 Partial destruction and aban
donment of the Norfolk navy yard
by United States forces.
1874 Bllboa, which had been be
sieged by "Carllsts, relieved by Mar
1894 Announcement of the be
trothal of Grand Duke Nicholas (re
cently deposed from the Russian
throne) and Princess Allx of Hesse.
1898 President McKinley signed
the resolutions of congress and an
ultimatum to Spain was cabled to Min
The Day We Celebrate. ,
John Paul Breen, attornay-at-law,
is 61 tjday. He was born at Lock
port, 111., and has been corporation
council and also once republican can
didate for mayor.
Former United States Senator
Joseph H. Millard Is to be congratu
lated on having eighty-one birthdays
to his credit today. He was born in
Canada, but Ib a prominent and no
table figure in Omaha history from the
early days. He is president of the
Omaha National bank. i
Cardinal Farley of New York born
In County Armagh, Ireland, seventy
five years ago today.
Louis Ma.nn, well-known actor of
the American stage, born in New York
City fifty-two years ago today.
Daniel Chester French, one of the
foremost American sculptors, born at
Exeter, N. H., sixty-seven years ago
James D. PhSlan, United States
senator from . California, born In San
Francisco fifty-six years ago today.
Dr. August Hoch, noted New York
pathologist, born In Basle, Switzer
land, forty-nine years ago today.
David J. Bancroft, shortstop of the
Philadelphia National league base
ball team, born at Sioux City, la.,
twenty-nye years ago today.
Timely Jottings and Reminders.
Cardinal Farley of New York cele
brates his seventy-fifth birthday anni
"Agricultural preparedness" is to be
the keynote of the annual celebra
tion of Arbor day in Indiana today.
Nearly 26,000 employes are to be
thrown out of employment today by
the closing down of the shoe factories
In Lynn, Mass.
One hundred and thirty-nine officers
will be added to the army by today's
graduation of the first class of cadets
at West Point.
Today has been fixed as the date for
a hearing of the National American
Woman Suffrage association on the
senate joint resolution, for universal
suffrage. The measure was introduced
in the upper house by Senator Jones
of New Mexico. . .
Storyette of the Day.
Bismarck one evening attended a
gathering of prominent men- at the
house of a . Russian nobleman. . Dur
ing all the conversation he was par
ticularly sarcastic,- cuttings friends and
opponents unsparingly. When heose
to take his leave and walked down
stairs the host called a pet dog that
was frisking about and led him to one
"Are you afraid the dog will bite
me?" asked Bismarck.
"Oh, no," replied the host; "I'm
afraid you'll bite the dog." Argo
. . VIVA, LA FRANCE!
Ollvor Wendell Holmes.
The land ot lunahlne and ot aonf!
Her norao your henrta Slvlno;
To her the banquet'! vowa belons
Whoae brraato have poured Its wine;
Our trusty Mend, our true ally
Throurh varied change and ehanye:
Mfio. fill your (laahlnt (oolete high
I live you, Vive la Franco!
Above our hosts In triple folds
The selfsame colors spread.
Where Valor's faithful arm upholds
The blue, the n-hltr, the red:
Alike each natlofi'a flittering crest
Reflects the momlnaa fiance '
Twin eaflea, aoarlnf eaat and west:
Once more, then. Ytve la France 1
Sister In trial! who shall count
Thy fenoroua friendship's claim.
Whose blood ran mlnallnf In the fount
That favo our land its name.
Till Torktovrn saw In blended line
Our conquerlnr arms advance.
And victory's double garlands twine
Our banners! Vive la Franca!
O land of horoea! In our need
One flft from Heaven we crave
To stanch these wounds that vainly Itlecd-
The wlae to lead the brave!
Call back one captain of thy past
From gtory'a marble trance.
Whose name aholl be a bugle-blast .
To rouse us! Vive la Franc!
Btriiemla, a Second Belgium,
Lincoln, Neb., April 1 To the
Editor of The Bee: Although the
kingdom of Bohemia Is politically a
part of Austria and, therefore,1 tecn
nlcally a atate belonging to the Cen
tral Powers, It ia nevertheless treated
exactly as If It wjere a conquered
enemy country. Bohemian or Czech
workmen' have been deported by the
thousands to Germany or Hungary,
where they are compelled to work like
slaves. Many thousands of these men
who are really too old or too disabled
to serve In the army were, at the out
set of the war, put to work in the
famous Skoda munition factories in
Pllsen, Bohemia. The Skoda gun
factory Is second only to the Krupp
work in Essen. The places of these
munition workers deported out of
their native- land have been tancn ty
other laborers, such as Belgians de
ported by Germans, Croatian from
southwestern Austria who refused to
fight against Serbians, Poles who
would not enlist in the German or
Austrian armies after the central
Powers so magnanimously (?) gave
freedom to the Poland they took from
Russia, reserving their own plices of
the Polish pie for further exploitation.
The Bohemian workmen thus deport
ed have been forced to go to the Ger
man war front or to serve under Ger
man masters in trench digging or hard
Austria gives no protection at all
to its Czech citizens, Jits only thought
being, apparently, to get rid of as
many mutinous Slavs as possible.
This policy has been pursued espe
cially with regard "to the Cxfechs ever
since tfto outbreak of the war, when
the Twenty-eighth, the "crack" regi
ment of Prague, Bohemia, deserted to
the RuMan army rather than to fight
against their brother. Slavs. vThe late
Emperor Francis. Joseph, In reprisal,
immediately had a regiment mo.biliaed
consisting ot the sons of the men in
the famous Twenty-eighth all of
them mere boys of 17 or 18, but the
offspring of the most prominent men
of Prague in literature, Journalism,
music, art, science and business. This
regiment of boys was then sent to the
Italian front and placed in the most
exposed positions so that at the first
f uk Hade from the Italians all but five
fell dead. After this Emperor Francis
Joseph published his dastardly mani
festo In which he stated The blood
of this regiment of Prague's most
promising youth has washed away the
stain of their fathers' desertion." It
is no wonder that the vicious Francis
Joseph's proclamation embittered the
Czechs a thousandfold against auto
cracy in general and Austria in par
! When the reply of the allies to
President, wnsons note was puo
Hshed, Austria was a perfect bedlam.
The first thing the Vienna government
hastened to accomplish was to try to
force the Bohemians to repudiate the
entire program of the allies, which, it
will be remembered, distinctly de
mands the independence of the
CzecJis and Slovaks. At the point of
bayonetfe they tried to make the
Czech Journalists write editorials as
serting their loyalty to Austria and
opposition to all terms ot the allies.
Every editor who refused to publish
the government's fabrications was put
in prison and hundreds of persons
were seriously injured in the ensuing
Prague Is today under- military rule
and ever since the terms of the allies
became known the deportation of Bo
hemian workmen has continued on a,
constantly growing scale.-
Bohemian soldiers ore systematically
removed from their regular regiments
and are distributed among Magyar and
German troops. In every way the
Austrlans take care to weaken the
Czechs, who might attempt to imi
tate the example of the Russian revo
lutionists. The confiscation of newspapers and
books and all publications even dis
tantly hinting at Bohemia's hopes, po
litical or national, .began Immediately
at the outbreak of the wan. School
books which contained any reference
to the linguistic connection between
Bohemian and the Russian languages
were at once condemned. Songs or
poems in which occurred the names
of Slavic sister nations such as the
Serbians or Russians were burned...
All of the works of Prof. Thomas
Masaryk, the exiled leader ot the
"Free Bohemian" party, the novels
and articles of Joseph Sv. Machar and
of all other friends of Masaryk were
collected and confiscated. Collections
of songs published years ago, contain
ing "HeJSlovane" (Hail, Slavonians)
and "Sbohem, Stara Praha" (Fare
well, Dear Old Prague) were likewise
removed from sale and the singing of
these familiar tunes prohibited under
pain of imprisonment. In hundreds
of cases the penalty was suffered. The
force method of Germanization is ex
emplified in the wholesale distribution
of books of instruction in the German
tongue with commands forbidding the
use of every other language.
Within the last month Bohemia has
been redistricted in such a way as to
give the Ji or 6 per cent of the Ger
man minority in each district an ab
solute majority in the Austrian Par
liament. 'This was 'done on the direct
request of Gertnahy, which insists that
all Bohemian national life must be
crushed out.' The official language is
to be German and-the Citech tongue
absolutely forbidden in all official or
public business. When it is considered
that the Bohemians' fairly "fought,
bledand died" in years past to win
that much -recognition for their lan
guage by Austria, this summary and
"unchangeable" measure is more than
ever calculated to arouse the in tensest
you must keep your stom
ach well, your Jiver active,
the bowels regular, and your
blood pure. Your physical
condition depends on the
health of these organs.
When anything goes wrong
a few doses of Beecham's Pills
and avoid any serious illness.
They are a fine corrective and
Ionic for the system, and a
great help in maintaining gooid
health. A single box will
prove the remedial value of
Unm UU f A ay MkI. tn Am Wort.
Sid vrvrywkar la box, 10c, 25c
antipathy among the Czechs to the
The imprisonment and execution of
so-called traitors who are seized on
the most flimsy evidence and convicted
without trial, continue to inflame the
Czech people and other Slavic nations
of Austria who are loyal to their demo
cratic traditions. Since the beginning
of the war there have been over 4,000
executions for treason in Austria and
fully half ot the victims have been na
tives of Bohemia.
The case of Alice Masaryk. a promi
nent young woman in the educational
world, who was seized and kept in a
filthy Vienna prison for sixteen months
on the charge of treason, when the
only evidence against her was that she
was the daughter of Prof. Masaryk,
the leader of the movement for Bo
hemia's freedom, arrested the atten
tion of the western world. It was
only after protest by such women as
Jane Addams, Mary McDowell, Grace
Lathrop and hundreds of other so
cial workers, who became personally
acquainted with Miss Masaryk at the
time of her visit to the United States,
that the Austrian government saw fit
to release her.
In Bohemia it Is a crime to dig po
tatoes out of one's own garden except
under supervision of the military. Any
number of Czechs have been put into
prison for daring to take a few pota
toes out of their own fields, even
though these same people were ac
tually ill because ot hunger. AH grain,
potatoes and vegetables in Bohemia
are confiscated by the government and
turned, over to Magyar (Hungarian)
and German regiments. It is an ac
tual facT that Czech soldiers are each
week allowed only one-sixth the
amount of rations furnished the Teu
ton and Hungarian soldiers.
The cleverest men in Bohemia, the
Journalists, professors, students and
musicians have been systematically
placed in the most exposed and dan
gerous position in the war lines. Every
kind of discrimination is practiced in
order to deplete the ranks of Bo
hemia's most capable men. It is a
war of extermination which Austria,
blind henchman of the frothing war
lord, is .waging against the most pro
gressive and cultured state in its em
pire. SAKKA HRBKOVA,
Head of Department of Slavonic Lan
; guages, University of Nebraska.
LINES TO A LAUGH.
'"Somebody said the other day thy be- ,
lieved BIiktb was a subnormal man."
''He tnuat be. He told me himself that
his son was a rood child, but not a bright
one," Baltimore American.
"These beauty parlors are paradoxical."
"In what way?"
"They give wrinkles on how to remove
A Y0LMS- AVM CALUNG ON
ME SAVS IF I VONtitMtoW
UJHAr SHALL I J)o f
WMCr. TAKE VCUR CHOICE
jjr - Ooeoooe
"Bragg tells me ho got mixed up in a
"Old he got the best or it?"
"Of course; otherwise he wouldn't have
said anything about It." Boston Transcript.
"What did you think of my paper at the
"I thought it by far the best one your
Husband ever wrote (or you." Deroit Free
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