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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 10, 1917)
THE BEE: OMAHA, TUESDAY, APRIL 10, 1917.
The Omaha Bee
FOUNDED BY EDWARD KOSEWATER
VICTOR ROSEWATER, EDITOR
" THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY, PROPRIETOR.
Entered at Omaha postoffie as second-class matter.
TERMS OF UB3CRIPTION.
Br Camir. Bf Msll.
Dally sad ftantU? nrB0&tb,flla ptr jmt, .
Hilly wtltiftut Sunday.. " 45o " 4.00
Etenlni and Blindly " 40 " 6.00
Kvln ntliout Sunday " flk " fOO
juadai Baa only - 9o " 100
Daily and Bundaf Baa. tarn raara In teVaaee lll.M
8nd notice of change of address or tmfularttj to dsll-ery to Omaha
11m Circulation Department.
Remit hy draft, enseal or poital ordtr. Ocly S-aaat stamps takes la
parmmt of anal) acooonu. Pareoul check, exeat oo Omaha aod
uatera exchange, not accepted.
Omaha Tha Baa Building, CtUcacoPeorla'a Ou Building.
Houta Omaha Mil N Bt. New tori-Ms Fifth Are.
Oiunrtl Bluffs 14 N. Main . Bt. Lrmls New B'fc. of Commerce.
Uuyla little Building. Waihlngiw 733 Hth BL K. W.
Address nommmiieatiOTia raiatinc to nam and adltorial matter to
Otnahe Bee. Editorial Peparuwwt
54,592 DailySunday, 50,466
Uitii. circulation for th. mmtbi mtbiorltMd and iworo to br DwilM
William, C1itul.Ho. MiflMW.
Subacrlbara iHTtaf tk. city ihraW ! Th. Bm i nullad
to lha AiMrM. dunga aa .Itan aa raqmaMal.
Motto for Uncle Sm: "When In doubt, take
The talk of "billions for defense" strikes the
high notes of wsr at the start.
Nebraska ii not the only state that can put
on a white mantle of April snow.
There are many ways to serve the country and
a way for which each is best adapted.
The United States has not only the determina
tion, but also the money and the men.
Assurances of the defensive condition of Coney
Island relieves the tension of national anxiety.
"Fair and warmer" is announced officially. The
seasons move and the weather man jogs along.
A trifle early, perhaps, but, just the same, keep
the fly swatter where you can reach it-liandily.
Anybody now- want to" dispute the need of
fortifications for the military defense of our Pan
At this stage of the game it looks as though
Herr Zimmermann took too large a mouthful of
No matter what Villa tries to puH off, he can
never again command the front page space that
used to be a Hi Is disposal.
A declaration of war on porch climbers, hold
ups and auto thieves would arouse community
loyalty to the highest pitch.
Nonoed longer for Americans to cross over
into Canada to enlist in order to have a part in
the great world war for democracy.
Belated moves for political reforms in Ger
many indicate that Potsdam, heard something
drop at Washington and Petrograd.
. . I
la mobilizing our resources and putting all our
national activities on an efficiency basis the post
office and the mail service should not be overlooked.
The republic of Panama throws its war bonnet
into the ring and joins In the world battle for
democracy. Well ihay autocrats tremble. The
worst is comingl
, Phantom raiders prepare the coasters for phan
tom fleets such as sailed the deeps in Spanish
war days. Now, as then, a scare gives agreeable
assurances of watchfulness at the front.
It is not possible always to pick one's com
pany, any more than to pick one's neighbors, but
since Russia has discarded the Romanoff dynasty
we can be quite satisfied with our company in
this war. '. '
Never before has world food conditions guar
anteed farmers record prices for crops and stock
they can raise this year. The situation presses
for intensive cultivation ,not atone for ample pe
i cuniary reward but also on the score of humanity.
Cleanup week in Omaha promises to be a
' marvel of municipal efficiency. The laundrymen
having deferred their state convention to next
week insures the perplexed city dads the co-operation
of experts and a thoroughgoing job radi
ating godliness in frontand rear. -
Active recruiting and enthusiasm among col
lege students features in a striking way the first
week of war. The fever for service is nation
wide. Even in the University of Wisconsin, de
spite Senator La Follette. 4,000 able-bodied
young men are taking military training under
federal officers. There, as elsewhere, vast num
ber of trained men will be ready for efficient
service at the coming training camps.
"Plant an Acre"
Kit York World
Pointing out the supreme importance in war
of an adequate food supply. President Marsden G.
Scott of the International Typographical union,
says in a letter to the World:
"Uncle Sam can enlist the men and he can
buy the ammunition and the guns. -But Uncle
Sam cannot manufacture potatoes or beans or
onions, or turnips. The home guard can.
"Organise the home guard in a 'Plant-an-Acre
The most important duty for this crop season
is that of the American farmer fortunately with
a certainty of profit to spur his energy to put in
seed every possible acre of spring wheat, to make
up for world scarcity and a bad start in the winter-wheat
states. But Mr. Scott outlines a form
of national defense peculiarly appropriate for city
and suburban dwellers who control land in small
This home guard everyone not on a sick bed
can join, regardless of age or sex, and with the
fine consciousness that thev are defending their
flag and country no less in the fields and truck
gardens than in the trenches or munitions fac
tories, Not one in a hundred of the people of
the United States will have anv finhtint ta do. ht
for the ninety and nine who stay at home there
is ine equal oDiigauon 01 aomg tneir duty to the
nation a it presents itself; and one urgent aspect
of that duty is to help feed the country.
Not everybody can go into the trenches and
not everybody can plant an acre, but nearlv
everybody can add his individual bit to the prod
ucts of the sail, with the result of safeguarding
the nation's food supply and possibly safeguard
ing Europe at the same time from the danger of
Eternal Vigilance the Price of Safety.
The chief apprehension of war-time disturb
ances in this country entertained by government
officials at Washington is of damage to bridges,
transportation lines, arsenals, munition factories,
etc., by concerted or individual assaults by Ger
man agents or sympathizers. We have had some
of this heretofore in different parts of the coun
try and similar outbreaks have been experienced
in other countries in Canada and South Africa,
for example as the means employed by the Ger
man war lords to hit back. For this reason, and
properly so, every precaution is being taken to
protect these important and vital instruments of
the nation at war and to forestall possible lawless
attempts of this character.
If being forewarned is to be forearmed, then
no great destruction can be wrought along these
lines and the German strategists may conclude
that nothing is to be gained through such guer
rilla warfare. In our own judgment the rebound
of anything that might look like systematic and
organized effort to blow up our bridges or de
stroy our factories or wreck our public buldings
would be instant and far-reaching. Nothing would
so instantaneously excite the resentment of the
great body of our people, or unify them more sol
idly, than an internal warfare waged through un
official agencies, and German military leaders
ought to know enough to know this. We would
not believe they could be so foolish except for
some equally foolish things they have heretofore
Neither the foolishness nor the futility of it,
however, must be allowed to support a .sense of
false security on our part. Eternal vigilance is
the price of liberty and also of safety.
By Fredrrk J. Hatkin
Ballot Reform in Prussia.
Promises by the German emperor, who also is
king of Prussia, that measures will be taken after
the war to liberalize the Prussian elections is a
sign of the times. Chancellor von Bethmann
Hollweg gave an intimation of the approach of
such a move some time ago and the consent of
the emperor that the measure may be considered
is quite significant of the effect of recent develop
ments. Prussia, it should be kept in mind, is
far behind many of the German states in its
electoral system, the control by the autocracy lin
gering here long after it has all but disappeared in
Other parts of the empire. Voting in Prussia at pres
ent is an utter sham, so far as expressing the will
of the people is concerned, the law being framed
to preserve control in the classes. "Suffrage"
is universal, but its purpose is defeated by the
preferential indirect vote. The direct vote of
fered by the emperor will be a great improvement,
but the omission of equality among the voters
leaves the plan open to objection as falling short
of the real purposes of an electorate, The deep
significance of the imperial proposal lies in the
fact that the emperor has admitted the need of
any reform, which may be taken as- conclusive
evidence that the junkers are coming to under
stand the feeling against them. Election reform
for Prussia may be listed as among the certain
ties, regardless of the outcome of the war.
Death of Richard Olney.
Richard Olney of Massachusetts, secretary of
state in President Cleveland's cabinet during his
second term and famous as an exponent of "shirt
sleeve" diplomacy, has just died at his home in
the fullness of years. Mr. Olney's note to Eng
land in connection with the Venezuela affair has
fixed his place in American history. Legends of
Washington have it that the famous document
really was drafted by the president, who was much
more thoroughly aroused by the situation than
his secretary, and that Mr. Olney then performed
for Cleveland the service Bryan did for Wilson
he signed the document his chief had written.
The incident was tremendously exciting at th!
time, bringing the two nations into imminent
danger of conflict, but was happily adjusted, and
opened the way to a much better understanding
between the United States and England. "Uncle
Dick" Olney achieved fame in other ways, but
chiefly by his uncompromising attitude as a par
tisan democrat He went with the Cleveland wing
against Bryan, but did not desert the party for
good, and in the last campaign his support of
Wilson was made quite a card by the president's
partisans. Mr. Olney figured in a period of
American history for which no patriotic citizen
ever will have to apologize.
ii i in
, Loossnlng Bandi on Trade
A decision just handed down by the supreme
court is bound to have a widely-felt effect on
trade. It is in a case involving the "limited
license" plan! under which certain makes of talk
ing machines were vended, and reverses a deci
sion rendered some years ago in the case of a
mimeograph company. It formerly was held by
the court the owner of a patent had a right to
designate the selling price of the article he man
ufactured, thus preventing all possible competi
tion in that article. This doctrine is overturned,
and a new rule set up which will permit competi
tion in the sale of patented articles. Moving pic
ture interests are also involved, the court having
held adversely to the company holding the patents
as to restrictions sought to be laid upon com
petitors. By this decision, patentees may no
longer absolutely set the price at which their
articles are to be sold, nor can they regulate the
use of unpatented articles in connection with their
patented products. It was this phase of the mim
eograph decision, which gave the patentees the
right to dictate what sort of paper, ink and other
materials might be used with their machines, that
made it so repugnant to the public sense. The
new ruling will not deprive the patentee of nor
mal rights or the full benefit of his discovery or
invention, but if it serve to stop him frofn exact
ing an unreasonable tribute from the users it
will be of tremendous public benefit.
Labor and th War.
Much of the effectiveness of the United
States in its venture into war will depend on the
harmonious operation of its varied industries. To
secure this, the National Council of Defense is
working out a plan to prevent labor disturbances
while the country is at war. - This can be accom
plished by means which are readily available, and
to which the council is confidently turning. - Par
ties at interest will be required to submit labor
disputes to proper boards, and there secure ad
justment for any complaints or grievances that
otherwise might lead to a strike, operations of
plants involved to continue without Interruption.
This will secure to the public the benefit of con
tinuous service, and obviate any possible, dsnger
at home from disturbances arising out of labor
difficulties. The scheme has the support of com
mon sense, as well as of patriotism, and might
well be so arranged as to continue it after peace
hat been restored to the world.
Washington, D. C, April 5. Among the
American industries to surfer by the recent Ger
man blockade is the serum industry. For the last
two years American biological laboratories have
been supplying the military hospitals of Europe
with vaccines and serums, thereby waxing pros
perous. Now it is difficult to ship serum abroad,
and Europe of necessity is manufacturing its own
supply. Hence the commercial lOutlook for our
erstwhile money-making laboratories is rather
dismal, but encouraging to Uncle Sam. If we
go to war there will be plenty of serum on hand
with which to inocculate a volunteer army. To
the average person this does not appear extremely
important, but it is, according to the United States
public health service, which has just completed
a detailed inspection of all the biological labora
tories throughout the country to determine their
capacity in time of war. In the first place the
army is absolutely dependent upon typhoid vac
cine to prevent it from contracting typhoid fever.
During the Spanish-American war, before vacci
nation was instituted, sixteen men died of typhoid
fever to every one of bullet wounds. Smallpox
vaccination is well established. And in the pres
ent war the use of anti-tetanus serum has reduced
the mortality rate of tetanus from 70 to 20 per
In 1885 thousands of children died in a diph
theria epidemic which swept all the large Ameri
can cities, the mortality rate running as high as
115.9. Then Paul Erlich, the great German scien
tist, who died in 1915, discovered anti-toxin. What
Erlich did was to inject diphtheria toxin into a
healthy horse, whose blood immediately formed
a poison to resist it This poison, known as anti
toxin, he drew from a vein in the horse's neck and
injected into a guinea pig which was dying with
diphtheria. The guinea pig got well. A little
girl dying with diphtheria was also given an in
jection and she got well. So anti-toxin was dis
covered. Today anti-toxin is made the same way. The
large biological laboratories of the country main
tain sometimes as many as 500 sleek, healthy
horses for the purpose. Fortunately the process
does not hurt the horse. Since diphtheria can be
conveyed only by living bacilli the horse does not
contract the disease, for the poison injection is a
preparation from which the bacilli have been re
moved. Neither does the bleeding process hurt
the horse any more than it hurt our suffering an
cestors who submitted to it so gracefully. A
sterile tube is inserted into the jugular vein of
the horse and a gallon or more of blood drawn
off, which is placed in little glass cylinders and
packed in cold storage until the coagulation proc
ess occurs. From this preparation the serum is
then filtered, a small percentage of trikresol added
as a preservative and it is again placed in cold
storage until tests have been made upon guinea
pigs to determine its fitness for use.
Now in addition to using anti-toxin as a cura
tive it is also used as a preventive measure in the
treatment of diphtheria. The sooner the dose is
administered in the course of the disease the
greater chance the child has to recover, but where
children have not the disease, although having
been subjected to it, anti-toxin is given to keep
them from contracting it.
Tuberculin, a preparation given to determine
whether or not a person has tuberculosis, is made
in much the same way as the diphtheria toxin in
jected into the horse. The tuberculer bacilli are
isolated into a culture and placed in an incubator,
where, as they grow, they produce a poison. The
whole preparation is then put through a filter,
the bacilli separated from the poison, which is
then known as tuberculin. There are several va
rieties of tuberculin, but the results produced by
all are much the same. If a patient has not tuber
culosis he will feel no ill effects may, in fact,
feel even a trifle stimulated but if he has tuber
culosis a reaction will be evident. He wilr run a
temperature, experience a general lassitude and
show symptoms of a rash around the surface
Anti-tetanus serum is also made with the as
sistance of the horse. The tetanus germ, however,
is deadly and must be handled with greater exacti
tude and care than any other bacillus. The poison
produced by this germ is also stronger than any
other toxin, which fact may be appreciated when
it is said that five-millionths of a gram of tetanus
poison will kill a mouse. While the serum has
been reported as very successful in curing a large
proportion of tetanus cases its greatest success
is as a preventive when injected into wounded
soldiers before the disease has had. a chance to
Of a different order from serums are the vac
cines employed as immunizers by the medical pro
fessions. Everyone is more or less familiar with
the vaccination mark which is his passport into
the' public schools and with the fact that the
smallpox vaccine is contributed by cows. But
the mysteries of the typhoid vaccine are not so
widely known. A strong and virile typhoid or
ganism is put in a flask containing certain suit
able material and placed in an incubator to grow.
At the end of a short period there will be numer
ous bacilli, which are taken out and killed, usu
ally by heat, and then tested upon animals to de
termine their satisfactory condition.
Anti-typhoid vaccination is becoming more and
more popular in this country, 50,000 people having
presented themselves for vaccination last year in
one state alone, but it is not compulsory any
where except in the army. In most countries in
Europe it is compulsory. At the beginning of
the war the British war office had great difficulty
in enforcing vaccination among the volunteers
for a Briton hates to be compelled to do any
thingbut now there is little opposition. It has
proved its necessity.
It is difficult to cover in the space of one
short article the many varieties of vaccines and
serums on the market. Some are still in the
experimental stage, such as that given for pneu
monia; some have still to prove their success
and others, such as those used for snake-bite and
meningitis, require a great deal of explanation.
Nebraska Press Comment
Neligh Leader: If Colonel Bryan thinks his
peace plan will work he might try it on the war
ring wet and dry factions of his party in the Ne
Seward Blade: The democratic senate has old
Judas backed clear off the boards in betraying
the people who elected them. You can never
trust a democrat when it comes to carrying out
Albion News: It now appears the people of
Nebraska were badly stung when they placed
confidence in the democrats to carry out their
wishes on the booze question. These democrats
said they were opposed to-prohibition, but would
carry out the wishes of the people expressed at
the polls. Their pledges were evidently made
merely to secure election.
Ord Quiz: Everyone of Bryan's paramount
issues has been a curse to the nation, every one
was wrong at the time and so proved to be in
later years. But of all these efforts this one is
doomed to be the final and. worst Even the
thousands who always blindly follow him wher
ever he leads, will be too ashamed of themselves
after this latest of his follies to follow him again.
Bryanism is committing suicide in its "Peace at
any price" attitude. v
Fort Calhoun Chronicle: The United States
senate hasn't anything on the Nebraska state
senate, by Hekl The former had its twelve "wil
ful" members, but our dignified body has nineteen
of 'em. Isn't it extremely fortunate that we al
ways have a few profound "statesmen" on hand
to tell the common herd that they don't know
what they want? The Nebraska state senate as
now constituted is about as representative of its
constituency as waa the deposed czar of Russia
of his subjects, and deserves a long, long vaca
tion which it will doubtless get
I TODAY 1
Proverb for the Day.
A setting hen never grows fat.
One Year Ago Today In the War.
Italians seized Austrian trenches In
British took by storm trenches be
tween Ypres and Li Ho.
German general offensive began on
thirteen-mile front at Verdun.
Germany denied to American gov
ernment that steamer Sussex had been
sunk by German submarine.
In Omaha, Thirty Years Ago.
The brlclc house on Farnam afreet,
opposite the Millard property, which
has been occupied aa a residence by
Dr. Womeraley, la being torn down
and removed. W. F. Sweesey, who
owns the property, ta preparing to
commence at once upon the erection
of a business building.
Roadmaster J. P. Taylor of the
B. and M. reports the bravery of an
Omaha switchman named T. M. Egan,
who, at a great risk, saved a little
child who was playing on the track
just ahead of the engine.
The citliens of Omaha tendered a
banquet at the Millard hotel to C. K.
Coutant, the retiring postmaster, and
C. V. Gallagher, his successor, at
which the following guests were pres
ent: Mayor James E. Boyd, J. H.
Millard, J. C. Cowin, F. W. Gray, B.
L. Bertrand, W. F. Gurley, Lewis S.
Reed, John Grant, W. F. Bechel,
Thomas H. Dalley, Thomaa Swobe, G.
E. Pritchett, J. C. Calhoun, E. M.
liartlett, Elmer E. Frank, C. S. Mont
gomery, F. R. Morrissey, M. Lee and
H. H. Moynihan.
Workmen are busy moving away the
old frame buildings on the southwest
corner of Thirteenth and Jackson, In
which Louis Heloirod's saloon and
feed store have been situated. Mrs.
F. Lange intends to erect a three
story brick store on this site.
The departure of the National Opera
company was delayed for a half a day
and the ballet girls (so the boys say)
spent the time dancing with Station
Agent Haney and Officer Duff Green
when business was quiet at the depot
Ed Gerke filed a complaint in police
court stating that some of his neigh
bors were afflicted with the habit of
playing ball in his strawberry patch
on Burt street
This Day In History.
1778 The Ringer, In command of
Paul Jones, sailed from Brest on a
1780 General Clinton began the
siege of Charleston, 8. C.
1806 General Horatio Gates, who
was accused of plotting to supplant
Washington as commander of the
Continental army, died in New York
City. Born in England In 1728.
1814 Wellington defeated the
French at Toulouse, the last battle of
the Peninsular war.
1817 General John C. Robinson,
distinguished war veteran and commander-in-chief
of the Grand Army of
the Republic, born at Birmingham,
N. Y. Died there February 18, 1897.
1862 Federal forces took Fort
1863 Federals under General Gor
don Granger engaged the confederates
under General Van Dorn at Franklin,
1871 VntaKlA tAtotmtinn fnr Hm.
mtM unity and the return of peace In
1892 Five hundred cowboys set out
to exterminate the cattle thieves of
Wyoming and Montana.
1902 Body of Cecil Rhodes buried
among the Matoppo Hills.
The Day We Celebrate.
Max Sommer was born April 10,
1884. He, together with his brothers,
Isador and Samuel, dispense groceries
and meats at Twenty-eighth and Far
nam. Edward T. Heyden has reached the
ripe age of 45 years today. He claims
Wolcott, .la., aa his birthplace and Is
a member of the hustling real estate
Arm of Hastings Heyden.
Frank J. Haskell was born right
here In Omaha forty-three years ago
and Is right here yet, being vice presi
dent and treasurer of the Love-Haskell
company as well aa an eligible
Henry P. Fletcher, United State
ambassador to Mexico, born at Green
Castle, Pa., forty-four years ago to
day. George Arllsa, one of the celebrated
English actor now appearing in
America, born in London, forty-nine
years ago today.
Robert Hunter, noted sociologist
and one time socialist candidate for
governor of Connecticut, born at
Terre Haute, Ind., forty-three years
Dr. Lansing Burrows, one of the
noted leaders of the southern Baptist
denomination, born In Philadelphia,
eventy-four years ago today.
Timely Jottings and Reminders.
Puget Sound shipbuilders confer at
Seattle today on the subject of build
ing merchant ships for the government
Notable ceremonies are to be held
today in St John's Cathedral, Mil
waukee, In celebration of the episcopal
silver Jubilee of Archbishop Messmer.
The Association, of Collegiate
Alumnae Is to meet In annual session
at Washington today with representa
tives of all the prominent women's
colleges in attendance.
The supreme council of the PI
Kappa Alpha, one of the most promi
nent of American college fraternities,
begins Its annual meeting today at
8toryette of the Day.
"A great deal of what we call pleas
ure Is largely Imaginary," said the
"I suppose so," replied the man who
waa working on his automobile.
"Now, wouldn't you like to be able
to take a long ride without having to
worry about speed limits or spark
plugs or tires, or anything at all?"
"I should say so!"
"Well, here's a street oar ticket."
WHAT WOMEN ARE DOING
Mr.. M.ry T. Lampnian ho. boon town
ekrk of Pownal, Vk, for twantr-IWa 7 Mr..
Girl ttadonts of Btainona aoltar. novo
votod to sivs up thtlr aoeta .otlvitio. la
hh of wr and dovot. tholr time to work
for th. sownmnt.
Miss Ron Young, a Now York Mwipmpor
woman, hu boon anoaan to handlo th. mil
lion-dollar fund boquootbod to tbo auffrac.
Mao. br th. Into htn. Frank Lttlloe
"Wo'll wmuf lut sprint's suit, and tlv.
our montr to our oountrr," ha. boon adopted
as th tlocan of tho Now York women's
ool.tr orcnniilni for military a.rvloo.
Mrs. C O. 8ahrodar ta tho flrat woman
member of tho Indian. Grand Army of th.
Ropublle, havinr raeontly boon admitted to
th. rotular mmberhip by Famsnt poat,
Remonstrate Agalni-it Rumor Ped
dling. Lincoln, April 7. To the Editor of
The Bee: How much worse is it to be
mildly disloyal through love for one's
native land than it is to peddle false
stories impeaching the loyalty of
American citizens who happen to have
been born abroad? For several days 1
have encountered distressing rumors
of the arrest and imprisonment of
prominent men of Teutonic origin, and
I have found, upon Investigation, that
without exception each of these
rumors was a lie. Is there aot some
punishment somewhere prescribed for
this apparently vicious sort of libel
and slander? It seems to me inop
portune that the loose-tongued mis
chief makers should at this critical
period be allowed to run at large. I
believe that flagrant disloyalty will be
and should be promptly punished by
law. I feel confident that among the
sturdiest in upholding the government
will be many representatives of the
people who are thus being slandered.
JOHN G. MAHER.
Shortage of Farm Labor.
West Friendship, Md., April 6 To
the Editor of The Bee: Insomuch as
the federal and state authorities have
called upon the farmers to raise
bumper crops this year to save the
country from famine, and Insomuch as
an overworked educational system has
driven so many from the farms, the
farmers of Maryland are beginning to
petition their governor to have state
compulsory education law suspended
for boys over 12 years of age for the
rest of the year that they may go to
work on the farms.
The state, school board and the gov
ernor have already shown an incli
nation to unite upon the agreement
and if they do so the farmers will re
ceive the equivalent of thousands of
men workers for the farms.
Insomuch as all the states are in the
same straits for farm labor, the Mary
land idea should be taken up by all
every county -having a petition of its
own. Some Maryland farmers have
seen the compulsory education law,
just lately operative, so detrimental
to their calling that they are deter
mined to demand its repeal at the next
session of the legislature. Thus it Is,
as I stated forty years ago, war or
revolution would ultimately show the
bitter fruits of compulsory education.
FRANCIS BUCK LIVESEY.
HERE AND THERE.
The rail journey from Constantinople to
Bagdad requires fifty-four hours.
Russian railroads protect ties and tele
graph poles against decay by soaking them
for several months before use in strong
What are believed to be the most durable
highways in the world have been mad in
France of a concrete composed of iron shav
ings, cement and sand.
To enable a man to work in smoke or
gas for a short time there has been invented
a combination mask and hat, the latter act
ing as a fresh-air reservoir.
To enable a woman to examine her shoes
or the bottom of her skirt, there has been
invented a mirror to be set on the floor and
adjusted to any desired angle.
A stove that ts rubbed with a rag that
has been soaked in paraffin instead of with
ordinary blacking becomes bright and
glossy. This ehine will not rub off.
L. C. Johnson is a Pomona valley agri
culturist who has about 600,000 cabbage
plants growing, and he expects to be
crowned the cabbage king of southern Cali
fornia. The fox nearly always takes his nap dur
ing the day in the open fields, along the
sides of the ridges or under the mountain,
where he can look down upon the busy
farms beneath and hear their many sounds.
There ia an opportunity at the present
time to introduce American medical and
scientific books into the market at Am
sterdam, Holland. Books written in Eng
lish are being extensively used by Dutch
According to invoices certified at the
American consulate general at Rio dc
Janiero, Braiil, the exports of manganese
ore to the United States inoreased from
244.946 metric tons, valued at 2,880,107, for
191ft to 496,498 tons, valued at $7,928,660,
ACTIVITIES OP WOMEN.
Women are now driving the mail vans
A national congress of business women Is
to be held in Chicago next summer.
A vocational congress for college women Is
to be held this month at the University of
It is no violation of the law for women
to smoke in public, according to a recant
decision of s New York magistrate
The only woman in Boston who is licensed
to drive an auto truck is making use of her
unique privilege to help recruiting.
The $50,000 confederate monument erected
on flhfloh battlefled by the Daughters of
the Confederacy Is to be unveiled next
The Massachusetts Nurses club Is plan
ping the erection in Boston of elub house
which will be the largest and best equipped
of its 'kind tn the country.
For the first time in the sixty years of
Its existence, the New Orleans academy of
scfenea has elected a woman president. She
is Mrs. Elliot J. Northrup, wife of a profes
sor of Tulane university.
Officials of the Boston elevated railway
are anticipating emergency measures where
by women would be employed as conduc- '
tors on cars in the event of the drafting of
the men employes for military service.
Three young women, members of fam-
Dies of United States marine corps officers, ;
have been working Industriously every day
at the marine recruiting tent on historic
Boston Common for the purpose of stimulat- i
ing enlistments in the corps. I
"What's the trouble between young Mrs.
Flubdub and her husband?"
"Her husband tried to keep something
"Oh. men will have their little secrets.
Thfiy are not nertous."
'This waa serloua. He tried to keep f:
from his last week's pay." Louisville
"Hert?, ladles and gentlemen." tmid th"
guide, "ia ine place where loot's wife- looked
back and was turned Into a pillar of salt."
"I don't see any signs of her," observed
one of the tourists, looking around.
"The gentleman will remember," re
sponded the guide, "that we have had a
number of rain storms since then.'' Boston
1 WANE 1ST MN WIFE WW
mWf NEWS OF MAWQ UrTE -
TVJO MEEKS HCT1TC&
"They eay that Miss Snapper is going to
marry an army officer."
"Well. I should think that a man who
makes a business of war might be able to
get along with her. "Chicago Post.
She John, your friend. Smith, has a
very Queer way of expressing himself.
He How do you mean?
She He satd the young man you were
talking about had great staying powers
that he was going some. Baltimore Ameri
can. "The 311thers baby threw a bundle of
stock Into the fire yesterday morning."
"What a loss! It was destroyed, of
"No, Ollthers bought the stock from a
promoter. It was too full ol water to burn."
A SONG OF THE DOUGHBOY.
Have YOU ever telt the thrill
And the tremor and the chill, -
That goes puiBlng and a-throbblng up
When he hears the tramp of foet.
From the soldiers In the street,
And sees tho khakl-colored lads In line?
Havri TOU ever choked on dust,
Heavy-laden aa with runt
From the plains of Arlion' or Mexico,
Or sniffed the salty breeee,
From our cruiser-guarded spam.
And watched the starry emblem from be
low? Hnvo TOU ever cleaned a gun,
Or chased Greasers on the run,
Or fought a pack of dirty Igorettes,
Or eoen your comrades fall.
Just before the bugle call,
And heard the last death-gurgles in their
Have YOU ever had a friond
Go with Courage to the end.
Or a grandalre who stood up for human
Or a son or help-mate true,
Mott than life and all to you,
And who did his bit and suffered In the
If you've e'flr been near the army,
Thon this saving won't alarm ye.
It's a proverb from the gen'ral to the
That one "nnver loves the flag,
Tho' he talK and tho' he bra.
'Til he's fought for It, and risked hi
arms and shanks."
We'll scrap for our pennon,
Our symbol of right,
'Til the last would-be conqueror's crushed.
We'll give our last blood.
And our strength and our might.
Tho' our men from the land may bo
For the fight's to the strong.
And to men with the guts,
To hold up the name of the nation;
Let no evil or wrong,
No lfs, ands or buttt,
Keep our flag from eternal salvation!
Chicago. FREDERICK LESTER,
Quickly relieved by Cuticura even
when all else seems to fail. The
Soap cleanses and purines, the
Ointment soothes and heals.
Sample Each Free by Mall
Wllh n-P. bonk on the ikin. Addnw port-mrd:
"Cutlca... Dpt. HP; ho.too." Bold av.ryh.r.
This Beautiful Book
On the Army is Free
Uncle Sam has published beautiful illustrated book on the
United States Army. He is sending it free to Americans today.
This is a time when you want to know about the Army. This
is a time when you ought to know about the Army.
There are too many wrong ideas about the Army abroad.
Read this book and know the truth.
Few books have ever been published with so many interest
ing pictures. Fifty pages of text
This baautiful book is frso b.caus. tho (OTornmont wants
tho American people to know tho truth about Ufa in the Army.
Send for your copy today do it right now before you forget
it. Write your name and address plainly on the attached coupon
and send with 2-cent stamp for return postage to The Omaha
Bee Information Bureau, Washington, D. C.
OMAHA BEE INFORMATION BUREAU
' Washington, D. C.
Enclosed find a two-cent stamp for which you will please
send me, entirely free, The Army Book.
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