Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 10, 1917, Image 1

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V , s
, Want-ad
Night Service
to 10 p.m.
Tyler 1000
VOL., XLVI. NO. 253.
tn Trilai. it Htta.
NM Utntt, It., to.
i . . . ' w "
Cloudy ' 1
General Haig's Army Advances
Along Twelve-Mile Front
Southeast of. Arras for
Several Miles, y .
Canadian Troops Reported to
'' Have Carried the Famous '
, yimy-Ridge. ' "
' ' .
(From a Staff Correspondent of the Asso
ciated Press.)
With the British Armies in France,
. April 9 (Via London.) It is estimate
cd at the British headquarters .that
- approximately 5,000 Germans were
captured by 'the British in the lasf
twelve hours in the region northeast
of Arras. The British penetrated far
into the German lines and inflicted
heavy casualties on the Teutons. Jt
is reported the British are in posses-,
sion of the Vimy region.
Advance of Several Miles.
London, April 9. An advance of
. from, two to three miles has been
made by the British troops on a front
from Henin-Sur-Coieul,
southeast of Arras, Jo Givenchy-En-
(johelie, a distance 01 auoui iwcivr.
miles. The official report from army
headquarters; in France makes tfiis
announcement tonight and adds that
the advance continues. - -
The famous Vimy ridge was car-
ried by Canadian troops.
Thousands- of German prisoners
were taken by the British. Up to 2
.o'clock this afternoon 5,816, includ
ing 119 officersTpassed through the
receiving stations, and according to
the official report, many more remain
to te counted. . v y .
. Berlin Admits Reverie.
The official communication issued
by the war office at Berlin says that
heavy fighting took place throughout
the day on both sides of Arras, "the
enemy having forced his way into
parts of our positions.", The report
savs the fighting continues.
The report adds that there was
strong artillery firing on the Aisne
and Champagne fronts.
Seventeen entente airplanes were
brought down yesterday oh the west
ern front, the war1 office -added.
The British official statement
reads: ' ,' "
'The' operations continue to be
, carried out .successfully inr accord
ance with the plan. Our troops have
everywhere -stormed the enemy de
fenses from Henin-Sr-Cojeul to the
' souther- outskirts of Givenchy-En.
Gohelle. to a depth of from two to
three miles,, and our advance con
'. tinnes. , '
Captured in Morning., ,
"The Client's forward defenses n
this front, including Vimy ridge,
which was carried by the Canadian
troops, ' were captured in the early
morning. These defenses comprise a
network of-renches and fortified lo
calities Neuville Vitasse, Telegraph
Hill, Tilloy Lez Mofflainesrbserva
tion Ridge, St. Laurant-Blangy, Les
Tilleullcs and La Foli farm.
"Subsequently dur troops moved
forward and captured the enemys
rearward defenses, including, in addi
tion to other powerful trench sys
tems, the fortified localities of'
Feuchy, Chapelle de Feuchy, Hyder
bad redoubt, Athies and Thelui. .
' "Up to 2 p. m., 5,816 prisoners, in
cluding 119 officers, passed through
the stations,. and many more remain
to be counted.- Of these a large num
ber belong to the Bavarian divisions,
who have suffered heavy casualties in
today's fighting. , , ,
Demioourt Taken. -
"The captured war' material in
cludes guns and a number of trench
, mortars and machine guns, which
have not yet been counted. '
"In the direction of Cambrai fur
ther progress has been, made in the
neighborhood of Havrincourt wood.
: We have captured, the village of
Demicourt ' i ,
"In the direction of St. Quentinwe
' Continued sn Page Two, Column Oae.) -
The Weather
r . ' , V:V..
For NebrMka Partly cloudy.
Tempentoref at Omaha YMtrdr Y
Hour. v Define,
E as san tt
a., m
.. li
.. S2
.. 36
.. 41
.. 44
.. 48
.. 14
.. If
7 p. m.. 66
I p. m.f.. ....... 63
:'; Comparative Local Beoord.
1917. ill. 1118. 114.
H'.shctt yiterday.,...60 53 S6 47
LpwtBt yesterday. .....31 it 10 39
Mean Umperatura ,..4 '44 61 18
PrMlplUUoa 00 .90 .91 -.09
Temperatnra Mid pracipttattn departure
'from tha normal "t Otxxaha since March I
and compared with the laat two ye&ra;
Normal temperature , 40
Deficiency for the day 2
Total eirru elnee Uarch 90
Ndrmal precipitation ..... .10 Inch
Deficiency for the days. ,!..... .lOlaoh 1
Total rainfall , sine March 1....S.90 Inches
Ucficleflcy eince March 1....... ,11 loch
Deficiency tow ror. period. 19K.,J.(t tnajies
Deficiency for cor. period, 1111.. .It Inch,
Keporta Trm 8teMM at IT. If.
Station and State v" Temp; High- JRaln-
of Weather. . j " tp7 m. ; est. fall,
Chcytmne. cloudy..... t 14 .00
Davenport, clear. ...... 4k ' 41 . ,00
lenver, cloudy ... CI . "2 .'ft
Dm HOI nee, clear....... 49
Dodica City, clear...... 9
Indr, cloudy it
North Platte, pt. cloudy T4
Omaha.' ciear,,. ...... 44 !
Ptjeblo, cloudy........ 99
Kaptd City, cloudy.,.., 92
Palt Lake, chud...... 94
Hmnta Ke, cloudy 14
Sheridan, cloudy 91
Sioux Ctty. clear. .... 94
10 .
tl .00
Valentine, clear........ li 71 .00
'T. ' indicate!, trace of precipitation.
- . U A. WELSH, Meteorololet..
fCi 8 a, jn
- fp' 39 a, m......
-fjt 11 a. m
A j?' X p. m..,!!
New German Slogan is Victory or
Death With Honor, Says Essen Paper
Economic Writer Says Ger
many May Have to Sacri
v fice Fruits of Victory '
to Win War. -
, ' ' ' ''
Amsterdam. April 9. (Via Lon
don.) Three questions in regard to
America's entrance into the war have
been put to leading German manufac
turers "by the Rheinische Wcstfalische
Uazette ot tssen, an important in
dustrial organ. The paper asks:
First, whether unrestricted subma
rine warfare has been bought too
dearly at the gricfe-of war with Amer
ica; second, what will be the economic
consequences; third, is it possible to
make Germany economically inde
pendent of America?
Councillor Dr. Beukenberg of Dort
mund answers the first question in
the negative. Beukenberg says: "Our
early reluctance to use of our subma
rines was due to the most far-reaching
deference to America) with whom
we, were on friendly terms, and, above
all, enjoyedjmportant commercial ref
lations. America never attempted to
help us in our distress' caused by Eng
land's starvation blockade. Our yield
ing to America's demands was not
caused by fear of its military re
sources, but with a view to avoid
difficulties in rebuilding our foreign
Ltrade after the war.
President JWilsons biased judg
ment of the German peace proposals
showed that America does not want
German victory and prefers to 'aid
British aims in the dismemberment
of Germany and Austria-Hungary.
"We were thus compelled to resume
unrestricted submarine warfare in orw
der to force a victorious conclusion
x . '
Record Day for Enlistments in
the . Various" Branches of
War Service. .
Today. Total.
Army .........
National Guard ...
Navy ............
Marine Corps ..I.
Total since the call. .......52
All records for. a lay's recruiting
in Omaha are being broken today,
with almost overwhelming numbers
of recruits at the army, navy, National
Guard and marine recruiting stations.
The grand total of all four branches
for- the day promises to exceed any
previous record and, may reach 100
men. - "
ii Forty-four men were lined up at 8
a. m. Monday for examination and en
listment in the army. By noon over
thirty had passed the physical tests.
Sergeant Hansen said that he ex
pected the enlistments for the day to
reach fifty.
Navy recruiters were also swamped
and by noon had accepted over
twenty applicants for enlistment.
Three new men were also enlisted in
the marine corps. '
National i Guard recruiting, sus
pended last week, seems to have suf
fered as a result, 'AlthMrgh resumed
Saturday,' the recruiting for that
branch has not ytt returned to the
pace set when the "original call -was
issued two weeks 'ago. However,
nineteen new enlistments in the guard
were reported un to Monday noon.
The big recruiting business Monday
was' partly due to the Sunday re
cruiting, as those recruits had to wait
for actual examination and enlistment
until Monday, the formal swearing in
of 'the men not being permitted on
Sunday.- ' - v s. ,
" - Patriotic Response.
According to all recruiting officers,
however.' the bie of recruits is
.largely due to the patriotic response
jiuiii yuung men ill tne war jcnsis.
"The boysar now realizing that we
are at War and need many men bad
ly,", said one officer. "From now on
red-blooded Americans are expected
to throng the recruiting offices arid
(juickly fill up the ranks." '
This morning canvassing parties
started out from the army sta
tionvto recruit men-in small Towns
in Nebraska and Iowa that hereto
fore have not been covered by, the
recruiters. A phone call was also re
ceived from Sidney, la., saying that a
patriotic mass meeting will be held
there Tuesday, and askjiig for a re
cruiting officer to attend. One will
be sent from the Shenandoah ,sub
itation, Sergeant, Hansen sait).
Navy recruits over 16 yeara of age
no longer will have to wait for under
age waivers from headquarters,' if
they meet all other requirements, for
the age requirement has now been re
moved to that extent. That was done
supposedly to hasten the recruiting
of the large number of new men now
so urgently needed.
1 Captain 'Wallace Here.' V
Preparation of blank forms for fed
eral muster of the Guard began Sun
day. J By Tuesday mustering of the
machine gun company at the post of
duty, near Omaha, it expected to be-
! rA n, I 5 . ',-1 i
St .ra11'' r "ng,e5 Alexa.nder climbfd
the other Omaha companies of the
Captain Wallace, U.S.A., recently
from border duty .afNogales, is here
and, wilbe the senior mustering offi
cer. He will be assisted by Captain
King of the medical, corps of the
regular army, and Captain- Eyering
ton, U.S.A., who has been here since
he mustered the Fourth regiment out
of federal service in January They
say they cannot tell how long it will
take to muster the Fourth regiment
in again. The work will be done for
each company at its prh.iit post. I
to the war. Considerations of the fu
ture developments of our trade must
wait while danger exists of our losing
the fruits" of victory."
In regard to -the second question
Dr. Beukenberg, after pointing out in
detail that American exports to Ger
many were two and a halt times big
ger than German exports to Amern
says: " Alter the war America
not want to cut off its desman
mer. It would harm us griev
America were to refuse to us
large loan to help us over our dif
ties. We would then have to make our
stocks last much longer, 'although
J eventually able to return- to a sound
After calling attention to the huge
increase I in America's financial
strength. Dr. Beukenberg says in an
swer to the third question:
"Germany cannot become wholly
independent. In the case of cotton,
tor jmstance, under the most favora
ble circumstances, it 'vould take decades-
to meet our needs' from our
colonies in Asia Minor. .To a certain
extent we can be sparing with cotton
and use all our available, substitutes,
but a large part of German imports
are raw mattrials which are exported
as manufactured goods.Thus in
creases in the difficulties of importing
would hit us badly. This, however,,
applies equally to the United States.
Americans do not' grow cotton for
nothing and they will welcome their
old customer back again. After all,
the submarine war spells victory, and.
if we are to dictate peace adequate
guarantees may be negotiated. Now
that America isj an open enemy, we
no longer have 'our hands tied and
there is- no longer the fear that we
might have to make an undignified
peace through exhaustion. I he s!o
death with
- j . '
House and Senate Consider
,. Resolution .to Create 8oa.rd
to Advise Departments.
,, 4
V Washington. April 9. A ioint res
olution " for a congressional joint
committee on the conduct of the war"
was introduced simultaneously today
by Senator Weeks of Massachusetts
an9 Representative Madden of Illi
nois, both republicans.
The committee would be com
posed of six members of the senate,
including four democrats and two re
publicans, six from the house, evenly
divided between republicans and dem
ocrats. : ..
The resolution provides that the
committee shall be known as the
joint committee on the conduct of
the war and "shall sit during the ses
sions or recesses of congress; shall
make a special duty of the problems
arising out of the war; shall con f el
and advise with the president of the
United States and heads of various
executive departments 'and shall re
port to congress from time to time in
its own discretion, or when requested
to do so by, either branch of con
gress." The committee would be clothed
with the widest power of investiga
tion, ' compelling testimony under
oath.' In the. senate the resolution
for a joint' congress war committee
was referred to the rules committee
at the request of Senator Weeks, who
explained that it was designed to
have this congress follow the course
followed irj the civil war.
"It wmjld furnish a direct connect
ing link between the executive and
legislative branch of government,"
said he. , "We. should co-relate all
the forces of government in the con
duct of this war. It is reported that
we are tobe asked to appropriate
vast sums of money and we have no
direct knowledge how or where the
money is to be spent. It is the duty
pf congress to know the methoHs of
expenditures made and the purposes
of appropriations by congress, it is
no reflection on any pne to have ex
penditures so considered We are go.
ing to war and it seems to me we
should keen before the neonf af all
rimes the methods of makinfc ixnendi.
lures." .,
Comes Near to Bemg Shot
. Without Going Into Battle
Sergeant Jesse .'Alexander -of the
machine 'gun squad, on duty at Fort
Crook, came pretty near being shot
and that without going into battle.
He was" hauling down the flag when
up, the ladder (o straighten; out the
tangle and tn doing so, the holster
containing his revolver became un
buckled and the gun fell out The
hammer of the gun struck; against the
ladder, exploding a cartridge. The
bullet went up through Alexander's'
hat, missing his hcal by less than an
obert Wilbur, mustered out of the
Omaha machine gun squad January
, hareported at iort Crook and will
flre-enlist in his old company. He an
ticipated a call to arms ana hurried
gan now is
honor." .
r der Refuses Audi.
Teuton and Orders
mer Be Made Ready
for Mission Abroad.
Action Taken to Indicate Ar
rangement for Departure
of German Officials.
Riq Janeiro, April 9.Lauro Muel
ler, rareign minister, has refused to
receive the 'German minister. Dr.
Mueller then gave urgent orders thai
a steamer in Rio Janeiro be made
ready at once for a mission abroad.
: Dr. Mueller conferred with the war
minister and the chief of staff. He
also urgently requested a report from
the Brazilian legation in Paris.
- Think It Means Break.
Washington. April 9. In Latin-
American dinjematic quarters here it
was said late today that Dr. Mueller s
refusal to receive the German minister
to Brazil undoubtedly meant that the
government had definitely decided to
sever diplomatic relations with Ger
many, i
Dr. Mueller's orders that a steamer
be prepared "at once for a mission
abroad" was interpreted, as meaning
that the Brazilian government also
had determined to arrange forjthe im
mediate departure of the German of
ficials'. It was -considered doubtful
that the forty-six German ships in
Brazilian ports would be seized at this
tmie unless it should aDoear that the
vessels might attempt to escape or
were in danger t being destroyed by
their crews.
Warns Girls Against
Slackers' Marrying
To Evade Army Duty
Chicago, April 9. Judge Stelk In
the court of domestic relations issued
a warninr today to girls who marry
men in hajte so that conscription of
the 'men far the- army may be. de
layed. ' '.
"Men who take this . means of
evading their duty to their country
are likely to forget .thety duty to ther
wives," said -the statement. . i-'i-;'
Tbe rush for marriage licenses con
tinued, 1,132 being issued, the largest
number ever issued Jiere in one day.
- Throughout the day long lines of
waiting bridegrooms thronged the
license office, the rush being so great
that practically all of the clerks in
the county clerk's office were assigned
to the bureau. Bailiffs and deputy
sheriffs -here put at work maintaining
order and restraining scores of curi
ous persons, many of whom rebuked
the young "men. calling them "slack
ers." Orders were issued to exclude
from the corridors "runner" for
country justices of the peace, reported
to have been soliciting business.
Most of the prospective benedicts
denied that the call to arnil was re
sponsible for their rush to matrimony
and offered various excuses ranging
from religious onesMo the explaiKt,
tion of a youth who said, "The-war
had rtothing to do with it. I'm mar
rying her now before sornebody else
gets her." ,
Can Eecniit Guard
JTo Peace Strength
- Only in the West
' ,. , , i ' . i- - ,
Chicago1, April - 9. It . was a an
nounced at the headquarters of the
Central, department of the United
States army today that the National
Guard organizations called into fed
eral service in the Central depart
ment, will be allowed to recruit their
forcesto peace strength odly, or
about two-thirds of the war strength.
The purpose of this order is said to
be to allow concentration of recruit
ing for the benefit -of the regular
army and navy.
Eastern States Are :
Covered With Snow
Philadelphia, April 9. Eight and
one-half ' inches 'of snow covered
Philadelphia today, exceeding in
depth any, snowfall during the past
winter. The snow began last night
and ceased at 7 a. m. ' '
New York, April 9. Worshipers
leaving the churches, after the Sun
day night Easter services walked out
into a snowstorm, which, continuing
all night long, ended today after lay
ing a five'-irtfli mantle of white upon
the city. The temperature of 25 de
grees at 6 o'clock this morning was
the lowest on anv April 9 in the
Records of the local weather bureau.
How About
Our Army?
The Bee la distributing a
of the United States Army. ' v
This book ifone every American
will be glad to own, because every
patriotic American is more keenly
interested in the army today than
ever before, and also because this
book - is a beauty printed on
heavy paper In colors, full of un
usual illustrations, absolutely re
liable, prepared by the govern
ment. . ., ,. .
(Get your copy of the Army
Book today. Sent free on receipt
of, your name and address and a
two-cent stamp for return postage.
Wjrite plainly to v
Washington, D. C.
Hope Sommer, fen American woman, wheeling a wounded
Senegalese on the promenade at Nice.
11 ' " i'ii liana " "rAh4w -tTi li g
iTi! -
" j ,"aaaaaaaaajaj g- - , -8 t,sS " iilKUHW W VVi,S 1
Barred Zone Established Against -
Tea Room Athletes, Yclept Mashers
Pernicious Activities of y These
Finally Sets On the Nerves
of the 'Polioe De
partment. :
. - " " V
- Woe hi unto tose members of the
hand-holding ukelele-playing he-dove
species 'whoTare commonly called
Captain- DemoseV" has issued orders
for his trusty guardians of the Deace
to hurt into the confines of the hoos-
gow (every teav room athlete found
lurking around the street corners or
planting himself in front of a cigar
Informed' as to Law. as Applied
to ThoievWho Are Inemtes
. of United States.
The - following instructions were
given by Martin J. Wide, Lnited
States district judgie, to the grand
jury called for the ""present term- of
federal court here with respect to the
war situation; . ;
'Now this grand jury1 meeta at
very important time. , This1 nation is
St war. You might as well lace the
fact. A few weeks ago men and wom
en all over this country were dis
cussing the question at to whether ye
should have . war or , whether Ve
should not have war, and men of
equal intelligence, but different ideas
of things varied in their judgment
on these matters. And then they were
exercising their rights. and duties as
American citizens, because that, is
one of the things that an .American
citizen-ought to do, to have an opin
ion about these things -and express
that opinion. But now thj door is
closed on discussion; the die is cast.
- "Republics must be governed by
majorities. ' It is the only way they
can live. And when the majority has
spoken, in the manner provided by
law, the minority must yield: Any
thing else il anarchy. , A submission
to the legally constituted authority is
the highest form of patriotism, arid a
defiance of legally J constituted au
thority is treason.- - .
. Heartaches and Heartbreaks, -
"I realize what this war means, to
a whole lot. of good men, and women
in this country. So do you. It means
heartaches .and heartbreaks. But in
it alk no man, no woman must, forget
that his or tier highest allegiance and
first duty, under their duty to God,
is their duty to their own' country,
and when a crisis like, this comes
there is only one thing to do' and that
is to perform the duty of an-American
citizen, -i ... V . - r , -."Congress,,
by the -constitution,- is
clothed, with, the power to declare
war. Members of Congress have
spoken, spoken not aione their indi
vidual views, but spoken with , the
voice of authority of the people who
sent them there. What they have
said ir final. There is no way of re
ceding. There is only one possible
result, from the standpoint of the
American citizen, and that il victory
final victory, , And in the meantime
there may,f be much sacrifice demanded.-
Likes a Good Fighter, -.
VNow I know how hard ' it is for
some men to submit. They are
temperamentally disposed to contest
every 'inch. That .is all right., I like
to see s good fighter. But tliere is a,
time in these matters When submis
sion is necessary. And anybody who
does not submit has violated his duty
as an American citizen-and has vi
lated the most solemn enactments ot
the congress of the United States.
' "I don't know whetbtranyf these
matters will come before you; they
may. If they do I- am sure that you
will throw off every -feeling for or
against any. mn in public life and
everv ooinion that yfju have had with
reference to whether we should have
(CsBtlnaad aa raa Two, Column Thn,
store for the purpose of giving the
passing review the visual forward and
back.. " ; -.. :
Captain Dempsey'j order ,is sweep
ing. It includes Sixteenth and Fif
teenth streets from Howard to Doug
las. Loitering will be the charge made
against anyone found hanging around
a given place for too long a period or
annoying women who pass by. (
Some complaint! of the pernicious
activities of mashers have come to po
lice headquarters and Captain Demp
sey intends, to put a stop to the prac
tice. Prosecuting Attorney McGuire
promises to prosecute all cases wtuch
come up and the masher who doesn't
guard his actions carefully is -likely
to find himself locked up inMie bas
tile. .!-. . - , . . .
Measure Providing for Larjre
Loan to Allies Will Be Intro-'
- duced in House Thursday. .
Washington, April 9. A decision to
introduce the $5,000,000,000 bond issue
measure An Thursday in the house
wal reached today by Secretary Mc
Adoo,and RepVesentative Rainey of
Illinois, ranking, democratic member
of the ways and meant aemmittee.1 .
The -measure will carry a $3,000,
000,000 issue for a loan to. the allies
and a $2,000,000,000 issue for conduct,
ing the war -for this country. The $2,
000,000,000 issue is expected to meet
approximately' one-half of this coun
try's war expenses up to June 30, 1918.
Consideration of plans for raising ad
ditional funds by taxation for con
ducting the war for this country will
come later. The most essential, thing
to be accomplished now, it is agreed,
is to prepare the allies' loan in order
that they may obtain much needed
food and munitions. ; ; ;. - -
Every effort to rush the bond meas
ure through the, house will be con
sidered by the iwkys and means com
mittee Wednesday. t ; rf-
has not beesi definitely decided. Some
members .- of the committee prefer
fifty-year bonds, but think It would be
best to pay them oft at diftcrent times.
- The -question of raising money' by
taxation still is being Considered from
many angles and no . concrete -plan-has
been worked out? It is generally
agreed that :ecess profits, incomes
and certain luxuries will be -heavily
taxetj. What will begone about in
creasing the inheritance, tax, however,
still is, problematical... Opposition to
increasing it because of interference
with, state inheritance tax. laws has
appeared, but, it is not believed it
will prove, strong enough to prevent
raising the government inheritance
tax. ..' . ' ... ;.,', .... .,
President of Buena , -;
Vista .College Resign?
,. Stoflm Lake. Ia., April 9. (Special.)
-Rev.. P. DEchlin, D. D., for the
last four, years - president of, Buena
Vista college has -resigned and will
re-enter the ministry of the Presby
terian church, tie came to Buena
Vista college from the pastorate of
Knox Presbyterian church jn Sioux
uy. . jw mc same lime rtevj, i. j.
Smith, who lias been financial agent
for the college, also resigned. Both,
resignations, have been accepted by
the board of trustees and their succes
sors are under consideration. - -
Seven Men Enlist at- 7
j . ' Storm Lake Saturday
" Storm Lake, la., April 9. -(Special.)
At a meeting held at the Commer
cial dub roopis in this city Saturday
night at the call of Maydr W.- C.
E.dson, sen Storm Lake young men
enlisted in Company M, Second Regi
ment of the. Iowa National Guards.
Captain Collins of Cherokee spoke
at the meeting, as did several of the
Grand Army men. Preparations are
being made for patriotic demonstra
tion in this city on next Friday, when
it is expected that Company M will
be over from' Cherokee , ;'. ;
. , u.-
Dual Empire Formally Jireaks
Off Diplomatic Rala-
- Hons With United :
' States.
American Diplomats and Oon
, suls Caring for Tw6 Million
Austrian Prisoners.
Washington, April . 9. Austria
Hungary, under the pressure of Ger
many, has severed diplomatic' rela
tions w,ith the United States. .
1 Baron Erick Zvveiriinek. rharan
A' n( ,k. A...f-A u....i.
,... v. v,-AAu,,ai lay
embassy here, called at the State de.
partmeht today and asked for pass
ports for himself ind the embassy
staff. ', ,"r , .- ;
Almost at the same time a dispatch-was
received from American
.Minister Movall at Berne saymg the
qjial monarchy had broken off diplo
matic relations with the United States
in Vienna yesterday. It is presumed :
this was done by handng passports to
American - Charge Grew. ' American
Ambassador Penfield, -who had left
Vienna on Sffturday,- probably did
not know of the government's action. -By
pe-arrangement SpaitVwill take
over the diplomatic and consular in
terests of the United States in Austria-Hungary.
All Austrian consular
agents will, depart from the United
States with the diplomatic mission as
was the case with Germany.
ir . I. - .: "l. ' ' i - ,
jv iw iiic tunc naruc z.wciaine
'asked for his passports no similar
(ction had .been taken by Bulgaria
and Turkey Germany's two other
allies and their representatives here
disclaimed having any knowledge of
the intention of their governments.-,
is expected nere iney win ioiiow
by breaking diplomatic relations.
Probably Will Declare War.
' Austria's break with the United
States undoubtedly is the prelude to
.-i...;. t . c ..... c:...
- UW.,.,U,I U. . IUUE U
two days elapsed between the break '
in relations between' the United States
and Germany and the forma) declara
tion of a state of war. .
' It is, quite possible, however, that
there may, not be war-like operations
between the forces oi the two govern
ments unless Germany's carrying fur-
Jher its- domination of the Vienna
government should force it.- , -
Charge Grew at Vienna also will"
turn over to Spaltt British and Japan
ese interests, which this country has
looked. after Since the beginning of
the war. Italian, French and Kojl
manian, interests in AuHria-Hungary,
previously looked after by the United
States, were ordered turned Over to
the Swiss minister, ; . ' I
American ambassadors, miniafera :
and (consular, officials in. France, Great
Britain, Russia, Serbia, Japan, Greece,
Morocco and Egypt will. stand ready
to turn over Austrian interests, which
the United States has represented in
those countries since the beginning of
(he wsr, to-whatever nation the. Aus
trian foreign office shall indicate. '
The United States, by the break In
relations, is released of the care of
proDamy ,uw,uuy. war -prisoners. In
Russia alone it is estimated that 1,-.
2.(1000 Austrian nrisinvra . r ttA
American protection, with a considerable-number
in France also. In Aus- -tria
the United States has cared for
.11 .1 T.i: r j t .. . ,
u tuc ai.iian anv jvouinanian pris-
oners. Other small groups are thought ,
to bring the total well up to 2,000,000. '
. . Few Americans in Austria. ,
About 200 native Americana ara -
thought to be in Austria 'and Hun
gary, with perhaps another 1,800 nat- '
uralized Austria-Americans, most ,of '
who may prefer to stiv in thiir
country of birth. Officials here expect
nc oimcuiiies' to De piacea oetore
Amsnnna in Anafrta mA l.a-1l .1..
American embassy-officials, will b
permitted to leave without restraint
or inconvenience.
There are about fifty consular offi
cers in. addition JoXtheir regular em
bassy staff, not including clerks, 'at
taches and - families. Safe conduct
for all will be. arranged at once.
Austria-Hungary has asked Sweden,
to take over her , intiaftsts in -the
uuucu states. - . , 1 N
. f t Penfold at Zurich. '
'The safe arrival of Ambassador and
Mrs. Penfold at Zurich, Switzerland,
with three members of the embassy
staff, was reported, today to the de
partment. The last i direct dispatch
from Vienna, was received vesterdav
and said that up tq that time Austria
had not taken action.' Joseph C,
Grewt formerly secretary at Beslin,
is' acting as charge in Vienna, aided
by four assistant secretaries.
Austria's action is attributed entire
ly to German influence, as officials'
have received every indication that
the dual monarchy did not wish a
break. When, the United States sev
ered relations with Germany, Austria
then' expressed gratitude that the
United States liberally interpreted her
formal endorsement of the German
Rolicy as largely academic because of
er not. operating ; near American -shipping.
.' . .. .f '
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