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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 9, 1917)
to 10 p. m.
VOL. XL VI NO. 252.
OMAHA, MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 9,. 1917.
SLLTKMlfrL. SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
IN TRAFFIC LANE
Suspicious Looking Vessel Is
Sighted, According to State
ment from British Ship
in Boston Yard.
SECOND ONE ANNOUNCED
TO JOIN ALLIES
Early Entrance Into the War
Against Germany of Several
Additional Latin Re
BY SPEAKERS WHO
Former Secretary of War
Stimoon and Frederick R.
Coudert Deliver Patriotic
Talks at Auditorium.
TWO-THIRDS OF THE WORLD'S POPULATION AT WAR The estimated population of
the world ia 1,691,751,000. The population of the belligerent countries and their colonies
total 1,144,400,000. The allies now include Belgium, British empire, France, Italy, Japan,
Montenegro, Portugal, Roumania, Ruaaia, Serbia- and the United States, against the central
powers of Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, German empire and Turkey. A
Rumors From Widely Sep
arated Sources That Rover
Has Been Sunk..
NAVAL MEN SAY NOTHING
v Boston, Mass., April 8.-;A sus
picious vessel off Nantucket lightship
was reported to the Boston navy yard
by a British vessel today. The mes
"Sight suspicious vessel or object
forty-five miles south, six degrees
west true, from Nantucket light ves
sel at 3:12 a. m. today.
Position of Vessel.
Later the position of the mysteri
ous vessel was given as latitude
40:15 north, longitude 69:28 west, al
most due. south from the shoals. ,
The report of a mysterious craft
in the steamship lane to Europe was
the second, to be announced officially
within twenty-four hours. Yesterday
the lightship sent word of "a com
merce raider" of 10,000 tons' burden
passing west. Whether the craft
sighted today, was the same one naval
officers declined to state.
Raider Reported Sunk.
Nantucket shoals are only eighty
five miles east of the"Ttaval base at
Newport There were reports today
from widely separated sources that a
raider had been sunk off Nantucket
by a destroyer or submarine. To
quench all such stories naval men
have answered: "We can sajr noth
ing about it."
No report of any victims of a raider
in these waters have been received
so far as known. Prompt action by
the navy yesterday in getting all
shipping under cover- effectively
cleared the coast of prey for a for
eign warship. Under more favorable
weather conditions today with patrol
boats having a wide range of visibil
ity shipping moved more freely.
Next Saints' Conference ,
To Be Held in Independence
Lamoni, Ia, April 8. (Special Tel
egramsElder J. J. Cornish of Michi
gan was the morning speaker at the
conference of Reorganized Churih of
Latter Day Saints yesterday. Ad
dresses were made by Mrs. William
Madison of Independence, Mo.: Ruby
Short, instructor of art in Kansas
City Manual High school; Mrs. Evan
E. Inslee of Seattle, Wash., and Mrs.
John Lentell of Scranton; Pa."
A petition from Clitherall, Minn.,
that the conference pass a resolution
making dancing, card playing and
theater-going a test of fellowship, was
laid on the table without debate. To
the first presidency, quorum of twelve
and presiditif bishop was referred the
matter of incorporating the church in
Canada, with power to act as they
Bishop Albert Carmichaet was
elected for the three-year term as
trustee of the children's home and
Floyd McDowell for the two-year
term. This home is located at this
place, where the church maintains
also two homes for aged people.
Joseph A. Tanner was appointed
member of a co-ordinating board, to
act with members from the three
auxiliaries of the church, in an effort
to more closely affiliate the work of
the church, the Sunday School asso
ciation, the Religio -.society and the
woman's auxiliary.- The ordination of
E. O. Clark of Des Moines, Harlan
A. Scotton of Omaha, Edward
Tngham of Oakland, Cal., and Albert
E. Craig of New South Wales to the
office of bishop was ordered.
It was decided to hold the world's
conference biennially after next year.
The next conference will be held at
Independence. Mo., April 6, 1918.
Ad Club Members Plan
Banquet on Hoodoo Date
Advertising men of Omaha will
dine Friday night at the Fontenelle
hotel to culminate a celebration of
"Advertising Day" on that date. They
scoff at the double hoodee of "Friday,
Invitations to attend the banquet
have been issued to members of the
Ben Franklin club, the Rotary club,
the advertising interests of Lincoln
and the Salesman's club.
The event will be an annual affair
with the Omaha Ad club, who hope
to put April 13 on the map as "Ad
vertising Day" in perpetuity.
Temperatures t Omaha Yeterdy.
i a. m...... J
6 s. m. ........... 28
7 k. m..... 21
8 b. m... St
9 a. m 38
10 a, m. 8C
11 ft. m. 88
12 m.... . 41
1 p. Ri 48
2 p. in ,....'46
3 p. m 41
4 p. tn... 47
6 p. m 4S
8 P. m 46
7 p. m 42
Comparative Loral Bmord.'
1917. 1K. IMS. 1114.
Utirhefft ywterf1y, . . 47 2 67 38
Lowest yitrdRy. ... 28 28 iZ 22
Mean tmparature. . . 38 3 CO 30
Precipitation t M .01 .11 .00
Temperature and precipitation departure!
from tho normal:
Normal tfinporatur. .' 47
)efifenny for the day I
Total rxucM elnce March 1 B8
Normal precipitation. .0 inch
lfWency for tho day 08 tnrh
Total rainfall sincti March 1,. S.OOinrhei
Ifirifncy sinf-n liarrh 1 01 Inch
TH-rVloriry for ro. porlod. J91G. 1.68 Inches
Deficiency for for. porlod, 1916. .10 Inch
h. A. TVKL8H, Meteorologist.
Commands Chancellor to Sub
mit Proposals for Extend
U. S. ACTION HAS EFFECT
Amsterdam (Via London), April 8.
Emperor William has ordered Ger
man Imperial Chancellor von Beth-mann-Hollweg
to submit to him cer
tain proposals for the reform of the
Prussian electoral law to be discussed
and put into effect after the conclusion
of peace. An official telegram from
Berlin announcing this order adds thai
it foreshadows also the reform of the
upper chamber of the Prussian diet
The text of the emperor's order to
the imperial chancellor, who is alsr
president of the ministry of state fol
lows: "Never before have the German
people proved to be so firm as in this
war. The knowledge that the father
land is fighting in bitter self-defense
has exercised a wonderful recon
ciling power and, despite all sacri
fices on the battlefield and severe pri
vations at home, their determination
has remained imperturbable to stake
their last for the .victorious issue.
Understand Each Other.
"The national and social spirits have
understood each other and become
united, and this, has given us steadfast
strength. Both of them realized
what was built up in long years of
peace and amidst many international
struggles. This was certainly worth
fighting for. Brightly before my eyes
stand the achievements of the entire
nation in battle and distress. The
eventa of this struggle for, the ex
istence of the empire introduce with
high solemnity a new time.
"It falls to you as the responsible
chancellor of the German empire and
first minister of my government in
Prussia to assist in obtaining the ful
fillment of the demands of this hour
by right means and at the right time
and in this spirit shape our political
life in order to make room for the
free and joyful co-operation of all the
members of our people.
"The principle which you have
developed in this respect bave,-as "yon
know, my approval. I feel conscious
of remaining thereby yorr the' road
which my grandfather, the founder of
the empire, as king of Prussia, with
military organization and as German
emperor with social reform, typically
.. Question o! Internal Reforms.
Copenhagen (Via London), April 8.
The declaration by (lie United
States that a state of war exists with
Germany and the question of internal
reforms in Germany have acquired
ah intimate connection through Presi
dent Wilson's message. The German
government, though of course, deny
ing the validity of PresidentWilson's
statements, has hastened to counter
act their probable effect.'
The appearance of a semi-official
declaration in the Norddeutsche All
gemeine Zeitung on the German em
peror's interest in reforms, testifies to
the fear that President Wilson's argu
ments will get home to the socialist
and liberal forces, who several weeks
ago were saying much the same thing
as the president and were demanding
the emperor identify himself with the
imperial chancellor's promises to re
South Dakota Boy Walks
140 Miles to Enlist
Aberdeen, S. D., April 8. (Special.)
If a' story told by the Aberdeen re
cruiting office for the regular army is
correct, Carroll Campbell, a Newell,
S.. D., young man, has won the title
for determined patriotism in the
Dakotas. Young Campbell is said to
have walked from Newell to Bow
man, N. D, a distance of 140 miles, to
take a train for Aberdeen, in order to
enlist in the regular army at the re
cruiting station here. Young Camp
bell is but-18 years old. As soon as
he knew of the imminent prospect for
war, he left Newell and started on his
long journey. It took him four days
to make the trip to Bowman, and
three days more, owing to delays in
train service, to reach Aberdeen. He
arrived here with but IS cents in his
pockets, but in splendid condition for
long distance hikes with the army
when it goes into active training.
Hide in Bath Room From
Fear of Prowling Men
Startled out of her dreams by what
she thought was the sneeze of a man.
Mrs. Lillian Schuhart, 140 North
Thirty-third street, awakened her two
sleeping children and with two hys
terical colored maids who she in
duced to crawl out from under their
bed, hid in the bathroom Saturday
after Mrs. Schuhart had screamed for
help through the bathroom window.
Police failed to find any prowlers
after a careful search. -
Rush for Marriage Licenses,
Women Say to Avoid War
Chicago, April 8. All records for
marriage licenses issued in one day
were broken yesterday, although the
bureau closed at noon. Four hun
dred and eighty licenses were issued.
The previous record was 367. Many
applicants were reluctant to state why
they were applying at this time, but
some of the women admitted that
they wetf urging the step as married
men would .not be called out until
after the single men..
BRAZIL TO LEAD PROBABLY
Three or Four States of Cen
tral Croup May Take
Stand Beside U. S.
NO FEAR NOW OF MEXICO
Washington, April 8. Early en
trance of several of the South and
Central American nations into the
war against Germany is regarded here
as practically certain. Brazil, aroused
by the sinking of its steamer Parana,
is expected to become a belligerent
this week and it is assumed that its
lead will be followed promptly by
Reports of divided opinion in
Argentina have given officials here
little encouragement to look for ag
gressive action by that country.
Active support of the United States
by at least three Central American
republics and possibly four would not
be surprising. Official reports that
Estrada Cabrera, president of Guate
mala, is contemplating seriously a
break with Germany have Been re
ceived. So long as Mexico's course is
undefined, unusual interest is attached
to the position of the Central Ameri
can governments, especially Guate
mala, controlling the southern frontier
In the event of the development of
an unfriendly situation in Mexico it
is realized that Guatemala's role
would be far from unimportant. In
Guatemala, Cabrera has built up what
is regarded generally as the most ef
ficient army in Central America and
with it he would be in a position to
lend valuable assistance to the United
States. Antipathy between the Guate
malans and the Mexicans there has
existed for years.
It is known that earnest efforts
have been made by counselors of
Cabrera to induce him to enter
promptly into the war. If he does
place his country in the list it is ex
pected that Nicaragua will quickly
follow and that the long standing dif
ficulties between those two countries
and Salvador and Honduras may be
swept away, in desire -to, present a
united Central America."
Position of Costa. ,
'An odd situation would be left in
the position of Costa Rica. There a
new government has just been in
stalled and has apparently no oppor
tunity of recognition by the United
States. Federico Tinoco, who over
threw the government of Alfred Gon
zalez in January, was elected presi
dent on April 1. Official notification
of his 'election was received at the
State department yesterday. The
couuntry is at peace, but prior to the
election and immediately after the
overthrow of Gonzalez the United
States announced it would not rec
ognize the de facto government and
would not recognize Tinoco if elected
much anxiety has been manifested
in the probable position Tinoco would
take, but in case the executives of the
other four Central American govern
ments in the war any obstruction
Tinoco might set up would be of little
No Fear of Mexico.
American officials continue to
watch closely every move in Mexico,
but little real anxiety remains. It is
believed now that German ma
chintionsin that country has failed
and that the worst that may be ex
pected from that quarter is a dec
laration of neutrality.
Investigation by officers of the
American army showed that the re
ports of German reservists crossing
from the United States into Mexico
have been exaggerated and that the
total number crossing the Rio Grande
since the breaking of relations with
Germany up to ten days ago was not
more than 100.
Young Woman Puts Out
Fire on Mother's Clothes
Mrs. Louis Rubin, who lives in the
Flora apartments, Twenty-fifth and
Jones streets, was saved from a bad
burning by the timely intervention of
her daughter, Mrs. B. Rubin. The
elder Mrs. Rubin was tending the gas
stove when her apron caught fire and
the flames flared lip to her shoulders
and arms. She was burned about the
body and face. The daughter, who
quenched the flames with a heavy wet
cloth, suffered burns about the hands
and arms. Dr. Schlier attended both
., '. Effects of Special Merit
Electrical effects on the stage at
Saturday, night's patriotic meeting
were especially noteworthy, being ac
complished by what is termed flood
lighting with colored screens. An ef
fect of the aurora borcalis was pro
duced. Illumined waving flags were
numerous. W. S. Byrne and I. B.
Zimman of the Omaha Electric Light
company gave City Electrician M. J.
Curran much assistance in producing
Elmer Barr Winner
: In Oratorical Contest
F.lmer Barr, representing Nebraska;
Wilkinson, representing. Minnesota,
and Benton, representing Kansas,
were the winners in the interstate
oratorical, contest, held at York, Neb.,
Friday evening. Only the three high
este were mentioned, as the places
will be read out May 5, when they
compete in the national contest, to be
held at Minneapolis.
EASTER REAL DAY OF
SUNSHINE AND SONG
After a Saturday of Storm and
Snow Easter Morn Awakens
With New Life and Joy.
END OF LENTEN SEASON
Following a Saturday of execrable
weather condition, Easter dawned
yesterday amid a flood of glorious
sunshine which heartened thousands
of hopeful hearts. It almost seemed
as if the god of nature had been in
tentionally beneficent. Milady re
tired to her boudoir at the close of
the week, hoping against hope that
she would appear in the Easter pa
rade and join the spirit of the season.
Rain and snow disappeared, leav
ing a refreshened earth. Cloudless
sky and invigorating atmosphere
added full measure to the perfect
day. .The day suggested the resur
rection bl spring.
New Life New Hope.
Th nt .rcl,;,, Clio,!
with attendants whose garments and
thoughts gave expression to the be
ginning of things the new life the
new springtime and new hopes. Songs
pi. peaisa iilUdw4le sanctuaries,- and
flowers 9nd - smiling faces lent a
charm to'.the scene.
Feminine charm, the fairest of the
west, appeared in pretty frocks,
dresses, suits and hats; of shades of
green, yellow, gold, purple and other
combinations, presenting a scene
which made glad the heart of man.
Mere man was out with a new
necktie or hat or suit and walked
proudly beside his bedecked mate.
In the afternoon the parks a'ld
boulevards were filled with motorists
Of course, all of the Christian
churches bad special services to mark
the great day of rejoicing, the day
that ends the six weeks period of
Lentell penitence and marks the res
urrection of Christ.
The church choirs had been practic
ing the special Easter music for
weeks and their anthems rang out
in all the churches. Ministers read
their Bible passages telling of the
resurrection of Christ and preached
upon this great topic.
In most of the churches holy com
munion was celebrated. The decora
tions everywhere were lilies and other
flowers and palms.
The evening services in a number
of churches were conducted by the
Sunday school. There were recita
tions by the children and "exercises"
significant of the occasion, as well as
special songs, published specially for
Eastef programs by Sunday schools.
Baptisms and reception of the new
members marked the day in some of
the churches. Another feature of the
day was the "sunrise prayer meet
ings," held by the'young people's so
cieties in some churches, these meet
ings being held at 6:30 or 7 a. m.
Returns to Find Family
And Furniture Missing
H. C. Washburn, 2568 St. Mary's
avenue, has asked police to find his
wife and three children, Laura, 8;
Mary, 6, and Gerald, 9. Washburn,
traveling salesman, said that he re
turned home about three weeks ago
to find all the furniture removed
from the house and his wife and three
children gone. The furniture, he said,
he later found in storage and was to
be sent to Reno, Nev.,. where he
thinks his wife may have gone.
He said that he never had any do
mestic trouble. -
Wants, Whole Hemisphere to
Knock Down Potsdam Eagle
Lima, Peru, April 8. El Commen
cio, commenting on the sinking of
the Brazilian steamer Parana, ex
presses the wish that Brazil may be
able to solve its troubles with Ger
many without going to war.
El Ticmpo in a fiery , editorial on
the duty of South America expressed
the hope that all American people
will support the United States and
help it "to knock down the Potsdam
eagle and pull out its claws."
War Department and the
", Railroads Will Co-Operate
New York, April 8. The War de
partment and the railroads have com
pleted a plan of co-operation during
the war, it was announced today by
Fairfax Harrison, president of the
Southern railway and chairman of
the special committee on national de
fense of the American Railway mso-ciation,
(souths ' ,N" ''S-KN ',
Omaha's Response in
Two Weeks' Recruiting
Guard (one week only) 167
Marintu , S
Total since the call..,. 437
OMAHA IS FOURTH
IN RECRUITING RANK
Four Hundred Thirty-Seven in
All Since Work Has
STATIONS OPEN SUNDAY
Not so bad, is it? And yet. au
thorities say that recruiting in Oma
ha is just beginning and will rapidly
wax warm under the conditions of
actual war now existing.
When National duard recruiting
was stopped last Monday, unofficial
figures indicated that Oniaha ranked
fourth in the Um'ted States in enlist
ments since the call for volunteers,
. Now that Guard recruiting has been
ordered resumed, and the army, navy
and marine corps. are signing up the
patriotic laila -by the, scores, an even
more remarkable showing is pre
dicted for the Oniaha district. '
Recruiting ' stations for all four
branches of the military service were
open Sunday.. And when .. Monday
dawns, a fifth station', for the Wom
en's Service league and the Red
Lross society, will be opened next
door to the Guard and navy stations
on Sixteenth street, in, the First Na
tional bank building.
Resumption of Guard recruiting
was announced Saturday noon, but
was not sufficiently promulgated to
bring appreciable results immediately.
Army recruiters scored a total of
nineteen, men accepted and sent to
the training station Saturday. Sixty
others had been enlisted before Sat
urday during the week.
The navy recruiters also did big
things Saturday. They signed, up
nineteen recruits for active service
and one as a reserve, out of a total
of thirty-five applicants.
Company Organized '
At Alliance Full an
Alliance, Neb., April fi.-7-FoIIowing
patriotic demonstration here on Fri
day, at which speeches were made by
C. S. Nusbaum of Colorado Springs
and local men, the company being
organized by J. B. Miller to fill the
vacancy in the organization of the
Fourth Nebraska regiment filled rap
idly until this morning, when it was
announced that more than the re
quired number were ready to be
mustered in. : ' '
Accordingly this afternoon, Major
Holdeman, assisted by Captain Strat
ton of the Fourth regiment, mustered
in seventy men, who now wait the
necessary equipment and call to join
To J. B. Miller, who will be in com
mand of this company, is due much
credit for his work in securing the
applicants, receiving his commission
about a week ago, to organize the
company, he secured the assistance
of the Alliance Commercial club, as an
organiztion and business men as in
dividuals and the task of securing the
required number of men was accomp
lished in a short time. ScottsblulT
country was visited and 'furnished
twenty or more. The officers of the
new company are: Captain J. B.
Miller, First Lieutenant John Man
nix, second lieutenant to be appointed
by the colonel of the regiment.
German Paper Says Kaiser
Lost if the U-Boats Lose
Amsterdam (Via London), April 8.
The Chemnitz, socialist paper
Volkstimme frankly admits that if the
unrestricted submarine war should
prove a failure, Germany is lost.
"We all knew this on the, day un
restricted submarine war was an
nounced," adds the paper,
Jacksonville Pier Burns . .
. And Freight Destroyed
Jacksonville, Fla., April 8. One of
the Clyde Steamship company's piers
here was destroyed by fire late today,
a second pier was slightly damaged
and a quantity of freight burned. The
steamer Huron, lying in the slip, was
moved to safety. The fire was under
control as darkness fell, but was still
Sixteen Senate Measures and
TWO ARE SENT BACK
(From a Staff Correnpondnnt.)
Lincoln, April 8. (Special.) -Seventy-one
bills had been signed by the
governor Saturday night, when he
closed up the executive offices and
went home for a quiet Sabbath, Of
these sixteen were senate bills and
fifty-five house rolls, Two bills have
been sent back without the executive
Tomorrow the two bodies will again
convene to grind out some more.
Ther are still some', important bills
which have not seen the light of day.
Many of them are for appropriations,
while some cover other matters. 1 he
dry bill is the center of observation
and this week will probably see some
work done by the conference com
mittees appointed to fix the matter
up. ine House hat a conterence com
mittee which is distressingly . dry
looking at it from a wet atandpoint,
while th senate connnittte is "brent
trized," looking at it from thi dry
side. What the outcome will be the
one who knows is keeping silent. ,
1 Some go so far to declare that the
2 per tent near beer amendment is
unconstitutional, basing their opinion
on thevproposition that the amend
ment denies the manufacture and sale
of any malt liquors. However, this
opinion is said to come from those
who couldn't tell near beer from the
kind which has a closer acquaintance
to the real article .and so is no : good
' It is expected that much time will
be taken up this week on the dry
bill, while the state house appro
priation, the state printing plant ap
propriation, the one-mill rural school
appropriation and several others are
still to be lifted by the senate sifting
Panama Republic to
Help Protect the
Canal From Enemy
Panama, April 8. The president
of Panama.. Dr. Ramon Valdcz, signed
a proclamation yesterday afternoon
committing Panama unreservedly to
the assistance of the United States in
the defense of the canal.
The president also cancelled the
exequators of all the German consuls
in Panama. 1
The proclamation was issued after
President Valdei: had sent a message
to President Wilson endorsing the
American action in declaring a state
of war with Germany, "after the
United States had given unequivocal
proofs of its love of peace and had
made efforts to save western civiliza
tion from the horrors of war and had
borne with patience a long series of
provocations, as irritating as they
have been unjustifiable."
Ex-Senator Burkett Talks
' At Hamilton Club Dinner
Chicago, April 8. At the Hamilton
club annual dinner here last night,
F.lmer J. Burkett, former United
States senator from Nebraska, laid
stress on the individual's political
responsibility in the nation's time of
"I can sympathize with a man who
shirks his duty because of his rela
tionship with tile enemy country far
better than I can with the man who
sits in congress and votes against his
country and his president," Mr.
Burkett said. "This is no time for
petty politics. This is a time to sup
port our president,"'
Germany Will Not Reply
To Wilson's Arraignment
Berlin, April 6 (Via London, April
S.) The complete text of President
Wilson's message has arrived by
wireless. It is printedt'ir the-morning
papers. After a careful study the
foreign office declared that there will
be no" official reply.
Fifth Nebraska Infantry
Ordered to Fill Up Ranks
Lincoln, April 8. Alt companies of"
the ritth .Nebraska infantry, signal
corps and field hospital, have been or
dered to recruit to full war strength
at once, a bulletin from the adjutant
general's office tonight' announced.
'NOT SAFE WAR STIMSON
Former Official Points Out
Dangers That May'
KAISER -DEFIES ALL LAW
The call to war was sounded by
speakers at the patriotic mass meeting
Saturday evening in the Auditorium.
The war upon which the nation is
about to enter was pronounced "not
a safe war" by former Secretary of
War Henry L. Stimson.
"Don't underestimate the task be
fore us," lie warned. ,
He declared it is a war in which we
must furnish a great number of men,
and liot merely loan money to our
allies. "The war may be decided by
the last 100,000 men," he declared,
The Auditorium was profusely
decorated with flags, and the audience
comfortably filled the big building.
Members of the Grand Army of the
Republic marched in, headed by a fife
and drum corps and amid applause.
A band played patriotic airs preceding
the speaking and "The Battle Cry of
Freedom," "Star-Spangled Banner"
and other patriotic songs were sung
by the audience during the meeting.
Judge W. D. McHugh, chairman of
the National Patriotic committee of
Example of Colonists.
All the speakers paid tribute to the
way the Americans of German birth
are showing their loyalty to this coun
try. Judge McHugh. in his introduc
tory remarks, pointed out that it ia
no new thing for citizens of this coun
try to fight against the land of their
"That is what the colonists did in
the revolutionary war," he said. "They
fought against their mother land
They did the same thing in the war
R. L. Metcalfe sounded a high note
lor me present war into which the
country is entering. ; .
"It is not a war of resentment, re
venge or conquest, but a war to end
war,", ha .said. He pronounced '-the'
kaisef "the worst blood-bespattered
monarch in (lit history of the world."
and declared: "In the intelligence of
man he is doomed; in the justice of
God Jie must fail." i
He declared we must bind our
selves' with the allie to make no v
separate peace as a guaranty that they
will make no separate peace 'with
Acta of the Kaiser.
Frederick R. Coudert of NewlVork,
authority on international law, ex
plained the successive acts of the
kaiser which have made war inevit
able for this country.
1 "The world was amazed when, 011
February 4, 1915,' the destruction of
neutral ships on the high seas was
ordered by Germany," he said..
"Nothing of the sort had ever been
heard , before. People, couldn't be
lieve they would do it." -
"Six weeks ago, from my office
window in New York, I saw the
American flag imprisoned on more
than 100 ships in New York harbor.
They cowered there because the
kaiser said they could not go out
upon the high seas." 1
He referred with sarcasm to the
kaiser's special permit "for one Amer
ican ship to sail each week, it to be
painted red and white like a barber
He spoke of Belgium as the scene .
of men's wars through the centuries
and how it was finally erected into a
neutral state. , - -
"And the moment this was torn
down by Germany's violation of Bel
gium, the reign of law ended and all
that men had built up through cen
turies was destroyed by an autocracy ,"
that knew no Jaw. The German au- '
tocracy has torn down everything ;
that the German people love."
He read a manifesto by German'
socialist leaders, which, after review- t
ing the violatiou of Belgium and the'
butchery in other little countries, de
clared "the kaiser has covered ourna- '
tion with eternal shame." . . ,'
Mr. Coudert said, also: 1
"There is at this time something as '
to which there can be nothing save
union in thought and deed. The hour
is a solemn one, almost religious in
its solemnity and in its purport.
"America ,. is perhaps , the most
peaceful of nations, not perhaps more
peaceful than was France, hut cer
tainly she is, a most peaceful nation;,
yet, my friend, the typical American,
is pacific in the true sense of the
word. He believes a peace based
upon law and honor to be so im
portant that it is worth more than
mere material possession, it is worth
more than life, and he is ever willing
to fight to obtain it. 4
"That is the kind of pacifrsm that ;
is honest, that .is the kind that is true.
(C'MitlntMd or Par Two. Column Two.)
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