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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 7, 1917)
Americans at War With Kaiser's Empire
All German Ships Held in American Waters Seized by United States
Paget 1 to 10
VOL. XLVI. NO. 251.
MORNING, APRIL 7, 1917 TWENTY PAGES.
On TrilM, It Mot1t.
Niwt 6U.t, It., to.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
EXPIRE AT END OF
WAR WITH KAISER
Wilson Says Hope of World Is
When European Struggle
Over That the Nations
PLAN FOR THE PRESENT
President Approves Principle
Embodied in General Staff
THREE ARMY ELEMENTS
.Vashingtoti, April 6. In a ?ratc
fhent approving the army plan pre
sents, to congress by the V de
partment. President Wilson today
said that "the hope if the world is
that when the European war is over,
arrangements will havi been made
composing many of the questions
which have hitherto seemed to re
quire the arming of the nations."
The president's statement follows:
"The principle embodied in the leg
islation pressed by the War depart
ment to the military committees of
the senate and house have my enl). ;
approval, and its specific recommen
dations embody the best judgment of
the officers of the War department.
"It proposes to raise the forces nec
essary to meet the present emergency
hy bringing the regular army and te
National Guard to war strength and
by adding the additional forces which
will now be needed, so that the na
tional army will comprise three ele
ments, the regular army, the Natioi.ul
Guard, and the so-called additional
forces, of which at first 500,000 are
to be authorized immediately, and
later increments of the same size as
they may be needed.
Enlistments Will Be Uniform.
''In order that all these forces may
comprise igle army, the term of
enlistment in the! three is equalized
and will be for the period of the
"The necessary men will be secured
for the regular army and the National
Guard by volunteering, as at present,
until in the judgment of the president,
a resort to a selective draft is desir
able. The additional forces, however,
are to be raised by selective draft
from men ranging in age from 19 to 25
years. The quotas of the several states
in all of these fi -:s will be in propor
tion to their population.
"This legislation makes no attempt
to solve the question of a permanent
military policy for the country, chiefly
for the reason that in these anxious
and disordered times a clear view
cannot be had either of our permanent
military necessities or of the best
mode of organizing a proper military
Plan for This War Only.
"The hope of the world is that
when the European war is over, ar
rangements will have been made com
posing many of the questions which
have hitherto seemed to require the
arming of the nations, ifnd that in
some ordered and just way the peace
of the world may be maintained by
such co-operation of force among the
great nations as may be necessary to
maintain peace and freedom through
out the world.
"When these arrangements for a
permanent peace are made, we can de
termine'our military needs and adapt
our course of military preparedness
to the genius of a world organized for
justice and democracy.
"The present bill, therefore, is
adapted to the present situation, but
it is drawn upon such lines as will
enable us to continue its policy, or so
much of it as may be determined to
be wise, when the present crisis has
For Nebraska Unnettled; probably rain.
Temperatum at t)mahi. Yesterday.
ryv U B a. m H
-) 8 a. ni 46
wm E a
tMhih : z ::::: : : : B
kiX r 3p.m 69
B m 60
6 D. in 68
6 p. m 66
7 p. m 65
8 p. m 63
Comparative Local Records.
1917. 1916. 11G. 1114.
Highest yesterday.... 60 40 67 63
Lowest yesterday 41 24 42 38
Mean temperature. 1 . 60 32 50 41
Precipitation 00 .00 T .07
Temperature and precipitation departures
from tf normal ftt Omaha since Mnrch 1,
and compared with the last two years:
Normal temperature 46
Excess for the day 4
Total o::cess since March 1 79
S'ormal precipitation 08 Inch
Deficiency for the day 08 Inch
Total rainfall since March 1.... 1.68 Inches
Deficiency since March 1 27 Inch
Deficiency for cor. period 1916. 1.44 Inches
Deficiency for cor. period, 1916. .16 inches
Reports From Stations at 1 P. H.
Station and S'jtte Temp. High- JUln
of Weather. 7 p.m. est. all.
Cheyenne, clear 26 40 .01
Bavemports. cloudy 6ft 64 .00
Denver, clear 42 60 T
Des Moines, cloudy 60 62 .00
Dodg City, cloudy..'... 66 74 .00
Lander, snow 34 44 .02
North Platte, pt. cloudy. 60 .00
Omaha, cloudy 65 60 ,00
Pueblo, cloudy 44 62 T
Rapid City, cloudy.... 38 60 .14
Salt Lake, part cloudy. 46 48 .00
Valentine, part cloudy. 42 60 ,00
"T" Indicates trace of precipitation.
U A, WELSH, Meteorologist.
H. L. Stimson and Frederic
Coudert to Speak at the
WAVE OP PATRIOTISM HERE
All Omaha Invited
to Patriotic Meeting
- Public mass meeting, at Audi
torium. Band concert starts, 7:15.
Speaker: : H. L. Stimson, Fred
eric R. Coudert and R. L. Metcalfe.
All seats are free.
Coudert will explain why Ger
many's acts constitute act of war
against the United States.
Some of the enthusiasm that marks
the patriotic assemblages in New
York and along the eastern coast
promises to be manifested in Omaha
when the big patriotic or Stimson
meeting is held at the Auditorium
Henry L. Stimson, secretary of war
under President Taft, and Frederic
R. Coudert of New York, one of the
leading authorities on international
law, are to be the principal speakers.
Local speakers will be V. D. Mc
Hugh, chairman of the national pa
triotism committee of the Commer
cial club, who will preside at the meet
ing, and Richard L Metcalfe.
Stimson ani Coudert are makingiaj
tour "of tTi e? " count?? "'Wll VWmg""$iT
triotic addresses under the auspices
of the National Security league of
Their speeches in Omaha Saturday
night will wind up one of the busiest
weeks of speaking they have had.
Mr. Stimson is to speak at the Com
mercial club at noon on Saturday at
a public affairs luncheon. :
Is Carefully Edited
By German Censor
Copenhagen (Via London), April 6.
The German public to the present
time has had no opportunity tb hear
the full story of the reasons leading
up to the entry of the United States
into the war as only condensed and
expurgated versions of President Wil
son's message appeared in German
newspapers yesterday under headings
indicating that this was virtually the
A comparison of this tabloid ver
sion as received in Denmark with that
published in Berlin shows that the
German censor's pencil had bec:i
vigorously employed to strike out
references to the conduct of German
agents which constitutes one of the
main items of President Wilson's in
dictment of the autocratic German
President Wilson's reference to the
attempt to embroil Mexico against
the United States is deemed improper
reading for Germans. The reference
to dynastic wars, is twisted into a
shape that has aroused indignant
comment from every German news
paper. The fuli text of the message
was received in Copenhagen only to
day and reads almost like another
document. There is no reference made
to the proposed financing of the allies
and very littV: referring to Russia.
Officers of A. 0. U. W. Grand
Lodge Meet in Grand Island
Grand Island, Neb., April 6. (Spe
cial Telegram.) A special meeting of
the officers of the grand lodge, A. O.
U. W., was held today at headquar
ters in this city, all of the members
of the finance committee being pres
ent. The object of the meeting was
to pass upon petitions filed asking for
a submission to a referendum of the
members of the lodge throughout the
state of the rast adopted by the last
grand lodge held in Omaha in Jan
uary. The grand lodge officers after mak
ing deductions for names of persons
who are not members, it was found
that the required 10 per cent of the
total membership of the order had
not signed the petitions. In view of
this it was decided that no referen
dum will be submitted.
Elmer Wiggins Dies
In East From Operation
Elmer Wiggins of Gothenburg,
Neb., son of C. F. Wiggins of that
place, a widely known stock shipper,
died in Boston yesterday, where he
underwent an operation for tumor
at the base of the brain.
Senator Warren Will
Retire at End of Term
Washington, April 6! Senator War
ren of YVyoming announced today
tl. t he will retire from the senate
at the expiration of his present term,
OF THEJUL S. NOW
Interned Teuton Craft Will Be
Regarded as Owned by This
Government and Paid
for After War.
Iff NOT FINALLY DECIDED
Port Officials Take Possession
of Hundred Vessels Aggre
gating 600,000 Tons.
CREWS ARE INTERNED
Washington, April 6. While a final
decision has not been reached, indi
cations after today's cabinet meeting
were that nearly a hundred German
merchant vessels taken over in dif
ferent ports today, will be regarded
as the property of the American gov
ernment and paid for after the war.
New York, . April .6. The seizure
of German merchant vessels that
took refuge in Atlantic ports at the
beginning of the war began this
morning almost immediately alter
congress passed the resolution de
claring a state of war between the
United States and Germany.
The collector of the port at Boston
was the first to act. The federal
officials at New London, Conn., Bal
timore and New Yorkiquickly fol
lowed. Before dayljpht United
States deputy marshals were :n
charge of German vessels at these
points, ranging in ize from the Ma
jestic Vaterland, of 54,282 gross tons,
to small sailing vessels.
The port officials acted on orders
issued by the secretary of the treas
ury. It is understood that this move
does not involve confiscation and
that the vessels are held for the pres
ent as a measure of satety. lhere
1iu ei I'll nu announcement as
vj announcement as to
whether the government shall take
over the ships for its use and pay for
them after the war.
German vessels now in American
ports number ninety-one, with a gross
tonnage of about 600,000. This in
cludes twenty-three ships in refuge at
! the Philippine islands, eleven at Hon
olulu and one at Pagopago, a port ot
the Pacific islands. There are twenty
seven German ships at New York an
chored on both sides of the Hudson
river and off Staten island, five at
Boston, three at Baltimore, two at
Philadelphia, three at San Francisco,
two at New Orleans, two at South
Port, N. C; two at Astoria, Ore.; one
each at Portland, Ore.; Winslow,
Wash.; Seattle, Wash.; Norfolk, Va.;
Savannah, Charleston, Jacksonville,
Fla., and Sn Juan, Porto Rico.
Largest Ships in World.
The total also includes two Ger
man vessels which have been interned.
The ships lying at their slips at the
Hamburg-American and North Ger
man Lloyd docks at New York and
Hoboken include some of the flower
of the German merchant marine. The
Vaterland, one of the largest vessels
in the world, is by far the most valu
able. Next in size is the George Wash
ington, 25,570 tons. Others of more
than 15,000 tons are the President
Grant, President Lincoln and Kaiser
Wilhelm II. Four Austrian steam
ships also are tied up here.
The first vessels taken over were
the Hamburg, Koenig, Wilhelm II,
Prinz Eitel Friedrich, Prinz Joachim
and Allemannia, in the Hudson river
at the foot of 135th street.
These ships total 38,128 tons, and
there are forty-one officers and 173
men in the crews.
Crews Are Reservists.
Washington, April 6. Seizures of
German merchant ships in American
ports, according to official statement
today, are measures of safety for
the ships themselves and adjoining
property. The crews aboard are re
garded as German reservists.
The further question of what is to
be done with the fleet now comes up
for consideration. Two courses, it
was said, are open to the govern
ment. The ships may be impressed
into service and paid for at the close
of the war or they may be confiscated
altogether without violating Hie
terms of the Prussian-American
treaty of 1828. Many officials oppose
the latter course unless it should be
decided to take it upon the principle
of taking a ship for every American
ship destroyed illegally by a sub
marine. The first step now, at any rate,
probably will be to repair the damage
done toxthe machinery of the ships
by their crews on orders of the Ger
man government when diplomatic re
lations were severed.
"Down With England at
Any Price " Says Haeckel
London, April 6. Telegraphing
frnm the Hague, the Exchange Tele
graph's correspondent says the Ger
man ministry of finance publishes
the following letter, written by Prof.
Ernst Heinrich Haeckel, professor of
zoology in the University of Jena, as
propaganda for the sixth German war
"You have asked my opinioi. of this
cruel world war. My answer, founded
on the words of our three greatest
heroes, Von Hindenburg, Ludendorf
and Von Tirpitz, is 'down with Eng
land at any price.' "
WILL DECLARE WAR
' ' . -
Sinking of Steamer Parana Off
Coast of France Causes In-
THREE OF CREW MISSING
Cherbourg, April 6. The Brazilian
steamer Parana was sunk during the
night. Three members of the crew
The Parana was a vessel of 4,461
tons. It was built in 1893 and was
owned in Rio Janeiro.
London, April 6. Anti-German
excitement in Rio Janeiro is intense
as the result of the sinking of the
Brazilian steamer Parana, according
to a telegram from the Brazilian
capital, transmitted by the Exchange
Telegraph correspondent at Buenos
The Brazilian foreign minister is
quoted as declaring the situation as
grave and that perhags a declaration
of war against Germany would be
Attacked Without Warning.
Washington, April 6. Details of
the sinking of the British steamer
Cannizaro without warning, with an
American in the crew, reported yes
terday from London, reached the
State department today. Consul
Hathaway at Hull, England, sent the
following dispatch: .
"British steamer Cannizaro, to
Hull, general cargo, torpedoed with
out warning March 28, 150 miles
southwest Scilly Isles, lattitude 49
north, longitude 10 west. All res
cued uninjured. American fireman,
William Samuel Jones, San Francisco,
in crew. No passengers. Wake of
torpedo seen after explosion. Sub
marine appeared twenty minutes
later and presumably German from
build. No vessels in sight until II
vington Court 5 p. m., rescued crew,
7 p. irt., and landed Falmouth next
day. No measures for safety of crew.
Vessel carried one gun, but no chance
to resist or escape. Weather hazy
Moderate wind; choppy sea all day.
Ship sunk by gunfire after crew left."
Duluth Rabbi Lectures
Here for Next Two Days
Rabbi A. L. Levine of Duluth, rep
resenting the Mizrachi and Zionist
movements, will lecture at Beth
Hamedrosh Hagodol synagogue, at
Nineteenth and Burt, on Saturday and
Sunday at 4 o'clock. His subject will
be "The Land of Israel, for the Peo
ple of Israel, Guided by the Law of
Israel" Saturday. That the Mizrachi
and Zionist movements should be
united as one will the text of Sun
day's lecture. ,
Still Big Demand for
The Bee Window Flags
Miss Maud Hugl-.s, teacher of Firat
A and First B classes at Beals school,
bought sixty Bee flag, which will be
placed in windows of the school in
tl.ne for the reopci:ing next Monday,
These flags are in evidence all over
the city, in homes and ofT.ces, public
buildings and on many automobiles.
Therj has been no diminution in the
The Real Divine Right
Bryan Offers His
Services As Private
Tallahassee, Fla., April 6. For
mer Secretary Bryan today sent
this message to President Wilson:
. '"Believing it to be the duty of
each citizen to bear his part of the
burden of war and his shars of its
perils, I hereby tender my services
to the government. Please enroll
me as a private whenever I am
needed. Assign me to any work
that I can do until called to the
colors. I shall, through the Red
Cross, contribute to the comfort of
soldiers in the hospital and
through the Young Men's Chris
tian association aid in guarding the
morals of the men in camp."
Mr. Bryan, with the rank of
colonel, commanded a regiment of
Nebraska volunteers during the
TARNOWSKI WILL .
Such Is London Report, But
Washington Embassy De- ,
HAS NO INSTRUCTIONS YET
London, April 6. Vienna newspa
pers say that Count Tarnowski, who
recently was sent to the United States
as Austro-Hungarian ambassador, has
been instructed, in the event of ratifi
cation by congress of President Wil
son's recommendation for war with
Germany, to break diplomatic rela
tions with the United States and de
mand passports for himself and his
Washington, April 6. The Austro
Hungarian embassy here denied to
day that any instructions to break re
lations with the United States and
demand passports for Count Tar
nowski and suite had been received
Germany May Force Austria
And Turk to Break With U. S.
Copenhagen, April 6. (Via Lon
don.) The expectation ''that Austria
Hungary and Turkey will remain neu
tral for the present at least in the
conflict of Germany with the United
States prevails in diplomatic circles
here. . The Associated Press is in
formed from unquestioned sources
that that is the intention and desire
of the two governments, if left to
themselves, but that Germany will
seek to prevent this.
Washington, April 6. The United
States will not sever relations or de
clare war with Austria, Bulgaria or
Turkey so long as those countries
do not force such a step, it was
learned authoritatively yesterday.
Four Blocks Destroyed
By Fire at Asbury Park
Asbury Park, N. J., April 6. Four
city blocks in the heart of the hotel
district fronting on the beach were
swept by fire early today with the
loss of about $800,000. More than a
score of hotels and boarding houses
were leveled. It was attributed to
defective electric wiring. Most of
the hotels were closed and no loss of
life has been reported.
GERMAN U-BOATS IN
GULF OF MEXICO
Government Has Information
Several Are Ready to Attack
United States Commerce.
NEWS COMES FROM EUROPE
Washington, April 6. Persistent
but hitherto unconfirmed reports of
German submarines waiting in the
Gulf of Mexico for the opening of
hostilities with the United States were
further supported today by advices
to the government from Europe.
The full nature of the government's
information is not disclosed, but it
was received from one of the neutrals
contiguous to Germany, which has
served as a clearing house for Ger-
man information since the severance
of diplomatic relations.
It was reported at the source of
origin ot the government s intorma'
tion that more than a score of Ger
man submarines were already in Mex
ican waters. Persons here who have
been giving attention to the subject
think the estimate of numbers is
high, but feel no doubt that German
submersible! are somewhere on this
side of the Atlantic, most probably
in Mexican waters, and that some of
them have been there Since early in
There is no doubt here that if
the U boats are in the gulf they are
being supplied from Mexican shore
bases. Those who hold these views
are convinced that something closely
approaching the arrangements pro
prosed by Foreign Minister Zimmer
tnann in his celebrated communication
intended for General Carranza, have
been achieved, and that the whole
matter, including the supplying of
submarines from Mexican shores, was
arranged by Mexican' Minister Zu-
uaran in Berlin.
Towns Along the
Coast of Kent
London, April 6. Towns on the
coast of Kent were bombarded again
last night by a German airplane.
There were no casualties, it was an
The statement follows:
"A hostile airplane passed over cer
tain Kentish coast .towns last night.
Eigh bombs- were dropped, most of
which fell in the open. There were
no casualties and no damage was done
beyond the breaking of some glass."
Congressman Fined for
Spending Too Much Cash
Pittsburgh, April 6. O. D. Bleak
tey, republican congressman-elect
from the Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania
district, was sentenced in th United
States district court here today to
pay a fine of $800 and costs for vio
lating the corrupt practices act by
spending more than $5,000 in his elec
tion. He was ii. dieted by a federal
grand jury in Erie last week. Con
gressman Bleakle) announced today
that he had resigned his seat.
Executive Also Affixes Signa
ture to Proclamation De
claring State of War Ex
ists With Germany.
NAVAL MILITIA CALLED OUT
All American Citizens Asked to
Give Support to All Govern
SHARP NOTICE TO ALIENS
Washington, April 6. President
Wilson signed the resolution of con
gress declaring a state of war between
the United States and Germany at
the White House at 1:11 o'clock.
There was no formal ceremony.
By the signing of the resolution the
war which Germany actually has been
making on the United States for many
months is recognized in official form
and .he United States thus announces
to the world its determination to take
up what President Wilson character- ,
ized in his address to congress as
Germany's challenge to all the world,
its war against humanity.
Speaker Clark had signed the reso
lution soon after it passed the house
in the early hours of this morning and
Vice President Marshall had signed
it soon after the senate convened at
noon. The engrossed copy was sent
at once to the White House. It was
waiting for the president when he re
turned from a short walk with Mrs,
Naval Militia Called Out.
All the naval militia and naval re
serves were called to the colors with
the president's signing of the war res
olution. - '
The Navy department immediately
wirelessed or telegraphed all its sta
tions, navy , jaidsancV .ship a, . fol
lows: ' ",. ' '
"The president has signed an act
of congress which declares that a
state of war exists between the United
States and Germany."
' Vice President Signs Resolution.
The war resolution-was signed at
12:14 o'clock by Vice President Mar
shall. There was no ceremony in the
senate attending the vice president's
signature. The pen he used was pre
The resolution, signed early this
morning by Speaker Clark after its
passage by the house, was returned
to the senate soon after it convened.
The vice president affixed his sig
nature, "Thomas R. Marshall," be
neath that of Champ Clark and the
resolution was ready to go to the
Text of Proclamation.
The War proclamation follows:
"Whereas, The congress of the
United States in the exercise of the
constitutional authority vested in
them have resolved by joint resolu
tion of the senate and house of rep
resentatives bearing date this day
that a state of war between the
United States and the imperial Ger
man government which lias been
thrust upon the United States is
hereby formally declared;
"Whereas, It is provided by sectiun
4,067 of the revised statutes, as fol
lows: "Whenever there is declared a war
between the United States and any
foreign government, or any invasion
or predatory incursion is perpetrated,
attempted or threatened against the
territory of the United States by any
foreign nation or government, and the
president makes public proclamation
of the event, all natives, citizens, deni
zens or subjects of a hostile nation or
government, being male .f the age of
14 years and upwards, who shall be
within the United States and not
actually naturalized, shall be liable to
be apprehended, restrained, secured
and removed as alien enemies.
Sharp Notice to Aliens.
"The president is authorized in any
such event by his proclamation there
of or other public acts, to direct the
conduct to be observed on the part
of the ' United States toward aliens
who become so liable; the manner and
degree of the restraint to which they
shall be- subject, and in what cases'
and upon what security their resi
dence shall be permitted, and to pro
vide for the removal of those who,
not being permitted to reside within
the Un:ted States, refuse or neglect
to depart therefrom; and to establish
any such regulations which are found '
(Continued on Pbr Two, Colnma One.)
Phone Tyler 1000
before 9 o'clock to
night . to have your
Want-Ad in the
Big Sunday Section.
Experienced Wan t
A d takers will help
you write your ad if
You are as close to
The Bee Want-Ad Dept.
as your phone is to you. -
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