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Clear Way in Congress for War Resolution
Senator LaFollette Holds Up U. 5. War Resolution for Another Day
The (ha Daily Bee
OMXaWEDNEDAY MORNING, APRIL 4, 1917. TWELVE PAGES. !''.":.?' H.!"'t
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Vol. XLVL No. 248.
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0. S. WOULD NOT
OF THE KAISER
Washington Considers Best
More Toward Peace Change
in German Oovernment
RESPONSIBLE TO PEOPLE
Inconceivable America, Would
Enter Conference Such as
Rumored Teutons Wish.
,Vashington, April 3. I he posi
tion of this government, as authori
tatively outlined today, is that the
best move toward peace which can
be made by the German government
is the estaolishment of universal suf
frage in the German empire and the
creation of a ministry responsible to
the people rather than to. the em
peror. Government officials here consider
it inconceivable that the United
States could enter into a peace con
ference such as previously outlined
by Germany unless there was some
assurance first that any agreements
made would be adhered to.
Change in Temper.
There was a sudden and noticeable
change in the general tenor of tele
grams received at the White House.
While for the last two weeks the
messages have been almost evenly
divided between those counseling
war and those counseling peace, prac
tically all today expressed enthusias
tic support of the president.
The telegrams showed an entire
lack of partisan feeling. Colonel
George Harvey, a strong political op
ponent of Mr. Wilson in the last
campaign, sent a strong message of
support Many other telegrams came
from men who have neither been
strongly against or at least cool, to-'
ward the president.
While the president and cabinet
were discussing means of financing
. the war today, leaders in congress
were considering the problem and
agreed -entirely with the president's
idea that most of the expense should
be met by taxation upon the present
Ways and means committee mem
bers feel that the present generation
will derive the greatest benefit from
the war and should pay the greater
share of the expenses. They rccog
niee, however, that coming genera
tions will profit by world peace and
propose to fasten some of the burden
on citizens of the future.
Although no definite plans have
been laid it is known that the excess
profits tax will be greatly raised.
England now is taking excess profits
in the neighborhood of 60 per cent
and some leaders feel that if necessary
this country can do as much. Excise
taxes, too, it is declared, are certain to
be raised. ,
Problems Before Cabinet.
As the cabinet assembled members
said the three most pressing problems
facing the government vere:
The raising of sufficient money to
finance war operations and extend
credits ;to the entente allies.
The raising of a large army.
The provision of adequate means
of fighting German submarines.
Jn adJitinn to these problems, the
cabinet took up questions of indus
trial preparedness, already considered
thoroughly by the council of national
, Ready to Talk Peace.
Berlin, " April 3 (Via London)
The proposal of Count Von Czernin,
Austrian foreign minister, that a
peace conference be held by belliger
ents without requiring the cessation
of hostilities, apparently represents
the attitude of all the central govern
ments. Count Czernin's proposal was
"not only sanctioned by Austria and its
allies, but will shortly be formally
approved at a conference of high per
sonages at Berlin representing the
For Nebraska Rain or snow.
Temperature at Omaha Yesterday.
7 a. m....
8 a. m....
t a. m....
hjv-f iu a. m tfl
aa 11 a. m 49
Q . i 12 noon. ......... SO
If 1 p. m 61
IS ' 2 p. m SI
10 a. m.
S p. m.
4 p. m
6 p. m......
8 p. m
7 p. m......
5 p. -m
Comparative Loeal Record.
i t hi
1117. HI!, lilt.- 1111.
U!frli?n yesterday.... 63 42 66 it
l.onrcst yesterday.... 44 SO 8S 20
Mean temperature... 41 10 44 34
Precipitation 00 .04 .00 ' .00
lit ports From Stations at 1 P. at.
Station and State Temp. High- Raln-
of Weather. 7 p. m. est. fall.
Cheyenne, snow.. 23 . 20 .04
Davenport, cloudy 4g 64 T
Denver, snow 28 32 .18
Des Moines, cloudy...,. 48 60 T
Dodge City, cloudy 68 68 0
Lander, clear 32 34 744
Xorth Platte, rain 36 50 T
Omaha, cloudy 62 S3 .00
Pueblo, - cloudy 38 28 .12
Rapid City, clear 34 40 T
Salt Lake, clear 36 28 ,00
Santa Fa, clear...'.... 34 38 T
Sheridan, clear 34 38 .10
Sloua City, rain ,.. 42 30 ' .03
Valentlue, cloudy 36 43 .04
L. A. WELSH, Meteorologist.
LLOYD GEORGE TO
DISCDSSU. S. STEP
Will Make Reference to Entry
of America Into War if
BRINGS JOY TO BRITAIN
London, April 3. It is understood
that Premier Lloyd George proposes
to attend the session of the House of
Commons tomorrow for the purpose
of making a reference to the entry
of the United States into the war if
today's congressional debate justifies
London, March 3. A storm of ap
plause was aroused in tlu House of
Commons today by mention of Pres
ident Wilson's address to congress.
Henry Dalziel asked Cnancellor Bonar
Law "whether he was in a position to
give any information as to the de
cision of the American congress in
regard to war. Mr. Bonar Law re
1 have just received a telegram
from our ambassador in- Washington
in which, after referring to the speech
of President Wilson, he ajlds that in
his opinion it was well received by
congress and he expected the author
ity asked 'o; would be given."
When president Wilson s name was
mentioned the members applauded
and they cheered again when the
chancellor told them what the am
bassador - had cabled.
The text of President Wilson s ad
dress to congress with lor g accounts
of the scenes attendant upon its de-
lrvOTJrwwe'UtttStrcd -rn- the noon edi
tions of the evening papers tinder big
headlines such as "America's Weight
Into the Scale." "An Indictment of
Hohenzollernism." ''The United States
at War," "Money and Munitions for
The Westminster Gazette says:
"The stirring words with which the
president's address closes should re
move all hope on the enemy's part and
all fear on the part of the allies that
America, having made its choice, will
pursue it half-heartedly. It comes as
a great ally, with immense reserves of
man power to be used as it tells us,
without stint, to supplement and for
tify the heavily drained resources of
the other nations who are fighting in
the same cause."
University Machine Shop
At Governor's Disposal
Lincoln, Neb., April 3. Chancellor
Avery of the University of Nebraska,
acting with the consent of the local
regents, today placed the mechanical
engineering laboratories of the uni
versity at the disposal of the. federal
government. The action was an
nounced in a letter which the chan
cellor dispatched to Secretary of War
Baker, in which he made the offer
and enclosed a classified list of the
equipment as it stands at present, in
cluding the machines, particularly the
lathes, and the equipments of foundry
and the forge and wood shops. The
plant is considered equipped for mak
ing some classes of munitions.
Lafe Young Says Duty of
Today to Whip Germany
.Ames, la., April 3. In a patriotic
convocation of Ames students and
faculty members today, Lafe Young
of Des Moines, editor of the Capital,
declared that the duty of today was
to help whip Germany. i
"We are going to fight them," he
said, and predicted the dethronement
of the kaiser and the establishment
of a republic. He also scored the
British Press Praises Spirit
London, April 3. Undeg the heads
"Brothers in Arms" the PalfMall
Gazette says today of President Wil
"The president frames the issue in
a setting calculated to stir the deepest
emotions of the American peopled
The Russian revolution enables him
to commend it to them as a conflict
between the virtues of democracy and
the crimes of autocracy.
"America enters the ' war without
reservations. Its action will be wel
comed both for the substantial aid
which it will bring and for the com
munity of spirit which it will further
among the free nations of the world.
It is a great satisfaction to join with
a nation carrying so much of our
blood in a crusade worthy of its best
traditisns and ours."
The Globe says:
"German statesmen have scornfully1
affected to regard the entrance of the
United States 6s negligible. We can
safely leave them to find out their
mistake. In the meantime we are
content to stanid shoulder to shoulder
IS AT WAR WITH
Congress Will Make formal
Recognition of Fact that
Hostilities Were Started
by the Kaiser.
PREPARATIONS ON FOR WAR
Cabinet and Council of Na
tional Defense Begin Putting
Nation on War Footing. -
GENERAL STAFF IS BUSY
Washington, April 3. The United
States really is at war with the Ger
man empire today, awaiting only the
formal recognition of congress.
Every agency was moving to gird
the nation against the government
which President Wilson in his address
to congress characterized as a natural
foe to liberty.
I lie cabinet at a war session was
called to discuss the extension of
credits to the nations already at war
against Germany; the raising of
money by taxation for use of the
United States in the war; the equip
ment ot the navy to the tullest state
of efficiency to cope with the subma
rirrrrmenace and the raising of a great
army on the pfihciple of universal lia
bility to service the hrst increment
of which is to be 500,000 men.
The council of national defense and
its advisory committee in a joint ses
sion continued the work of mobiliza
tion of the naticnal resources to
"bring the government of the German
empire to terms and end the war," as
the president expressed it.
The War department and the army
general staff was ready to present to
congress its plans for raising an army
just as soon as the legislative body
asks for it.
Resolution Goes Over.
Consideration of the war resolution
in the senate was forced over until
tomorrow by objections of Senator
LaFollette and in the house it was
delayed by lack of organization. o-tteM
foreign affairs committer), it is ew
pected to come up for action in both
nouses tomorrow. -f
Action by the senate within at least
two or three days was predicted today
even by senators opposing it Some
of the "willful nren" named by Presi
dent Wilson declared there would be
no filibuster or protracted debate, al
though several want to speak at
Amendments from republican sena
tors especially to prevent a formal
alliance with the entente or a federal
loan to them are expected. Senators
Borah, Kenyon, Penrose, Colt and
other republicans are particularly op
posed to an alliance.
Leaders of both parties in the sen
ate are. disposed to pass only appro
priation and other war measures and
adjourn. Some leaders believe it pos
sible to adjourn by May 15, but some
republicans think June 1 more prob
able. Sharp Jabs for Autocracy.
Whether the German government
will permit publication in Germany of
President Wilson's address was a
question of great interest today at the
State department. The sharp line
drawn by the president in his address
between the German people and the
autocracy which rules them is re
garded as providing additional fuel for
the unrest in Germany which has been
recognized even by Chancellor von
The extent of the unrest and the
attitude of the authorities toward it is
exDected to be shown in the way they
treat publication of the president's ad
dress. Reports from Berlin that Count
Czernin, Austrian minister, had pro
posed a conference of belligerents
without a cessation of hostilities
caused surprise at the State depart
ment, where it was said that no such
definite information had .been re
ceived. Count Czernin is known here
only to have said that the central
powers still considered open their
peace offer of December 12, but that
Continued era Page Two, Column Six.)
Wilson s Address
with the land of the free in the great
est battle for freedom the world has
In a long editorial the Evening
"The German government has done
a very mad thing in forcing the United
States into the ranks of its enemies."
It argues that until yesterday
Germany could have obtained peace
by abandoning submarine warfare, in
asmuch as "the strong pacifist ele
ment in the United States would have
overruled the wiser party which rec
nizes Prussia as tl;e enemy of man
kind, fvho must be disabled if the
world is to enjoy peace."
The Standard then says that Ger
many, in bringing the crushing mate
rial and moral' force of the great
republic against it was acting on only
two possible theories: First, that Ger
many contemplates a surrender and
that its pride demands that it sur
render only to the whole world: sec
ond, that it means a desperate stak
ing of all on the chance of starving
England by its submarine campaign,
To BE AN ENS-INtlR.
IT TrtKES TIME mo
aboard mo Run a
mart IT- tow w
CrtMPIN IN" SUrtMBr-
T Tks Tine BbpoBsu
Yoo fciiow How To Do it -
AHt 88 coneorna.t.....
AMENDED DRY BILL
JASSED BY SENATE
Measure Intended to Enforce
" Goes Through. '
SIX DEMOS AGAINST IT
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
Lincoln, April 3. (Special Tele
gram.) The senate passed the dry
bill as it was amended in committee
of the whole. Dry senators protest
ed against the wet' amendments by
voting against its passage. Sixteen
democrats, Adams, Bennett, Buer
man, Doty, Gates, Henry, Kohl,
Mattes, Moriarty, Robertson, Sam-
uelson, Soost, Strehlow, Tanner and
both Wilsons, with Lahners and
Spirk, voted for the bill, while eight
republicans, Bushee, Douthett, Haase,
Hammond,- McAllister, McMullen.
Neal and Sandal!, and six democrats,
Beal, Lhappell, Hager, Henry, How
ell and Oberlies, voted against, the
vote standing 18 for to 14 agains't.
Dry senators as a general rule in
voting against the bill explained that
it was not a dry bill and they pre
ferred the present Slocumb law to a
law which laid the door wide open
Howell Roasts Newspaper.
Howell of Douglas.' democrat, took
four typewritten pages to explain
why he voted against the bill. He
quoted the democratic platform and
criticised the Omaha World-Herald
and the editor thereof who had un
dertaken in his zeal for democracy to
defend an "indefensible proposition."
xic criucisca tne oniciai organ oi
democracy because it had called the
action of certain democrats in oppo
sition to the wet amendments "A
cheap game of politics" by republi
can -politicians. He then asks if
Judge Albert, Senator Beal, Senator
Chappell, Senator Oberlies, Senator
Sawyer, Senator Hager and Governor
Neville are republicans. He wanted
to know if Lieutenant Governor
Howard, who pronounced the acts of
the men who supported the Robert
son amendments as a "crucifying of
the democratic party on a beer keg"
was a republican.
Reactionaries in Control.
He charged that the senate was or
ganized by the reactionary element in
both parties with the motto "to hell
with the people," and closed by say
ing: "Now that this senate and- the peo
ple of Nebraska shall pass upon the
charges and say whether or not they
had substantial foundation. Let us
not deceive ourselves; the fight is not
over and will not be until the reac
tionary element is-for all time
stamped put of the democratic party
and the World-Herald should realize
that its defense of the majority will
not fool the people, will make no
friends for itself, nor will it prolong
a condition which the people are de
termined shall no longer be."
The bill will now go back to the
house that that body may consider
the amendments voted to the bill by
the senate. In case the lower body
refuses to concur in the amendments,
which it probably will do, a confer
ence committee of three members
from the house and the senate will be
(Continued an Pago Two, Column Tiro.)
We Need Universal Training?
To 86. N AVIATOR,
Vou MOST STuOt
IT TrtKC you
HELD OYER SIM
Wet and Dry Question Con.
' spicuous by Its Absence
. This Year.
RESULT IN MANY PLACES
Columbus, Neb., April 3. (Special
Telegram.) Frank Kersenbrock,
nominee on both the citizens' and
democratic tickets, was elected mayor
for the ensuing term.
Councilmen elected were: P. G.
Cunningham in the Third; Mark
Rathburn in the Fourth; William
Kurt in the Second, and Godfrey
Frischolz in the First.
Members elected to the school
board were: Carl Kramer, Dave
Boyd, Otto Kummer and Frank Ru
dat. All were candidates nominated
b ya citizens' meeting held recently
and endorsed by the democratic con
vention. No other names appeared on the
Leyda Falls City Mayor.
Falls City, Neb., April 3. (Special
Telegram.) The city election was
without a contest, the citizens' ticket
being alone on the official ballot. W.
S. Leyda was elected mayor; J, C.
Mullen clerk; Elmer Kammerer,
treasurer; Jean Mullen, engineer;
John Mosiman, jr, T. I. Gits and Max
Hartman, members of the city coun
cil. Fred Brecht and W. L. Redwood,
members of the Board of Education.
Democrat Mayor in York,
York, Neb., April 3. (Special Tele
gram.) T. W. Smith, democrat, was
elected mayor over W. M. Colton, re
publican, today by a majority of
twenty-one voles. C, R. Keckley,
democrat, and W. W. Wickoff, re
puvliban, were elected to the school
board. , '
Fairbury, Neb., April 3. (Special
Telegram.) The citizens' ticket was
overwhelmingly victorious today. C.
H. Denney was elected mayor to suc
ceed Albert W. Mason, who was com
pelled to retire on account of health.
Other officers: Charles Russell Davis,
treasurer; B. N. Johnson, J. C. Rich
ardson, D. E. Bone, S. H. Diller and
C. C. Howell, councilmen.
Franklin Elects Mayor.
Franklin, Neb., April 3. (Special.)
W. A. Chitwood was elected mayor
over present Mayor A. A. Gait at the
election here today. J. H. Burdine and
O. K. Chitwood were elected council
men from the First ward and H. E.
Tecker councilman from the Second
In Other . Towns.
Edgar Election results: Mayor, William
flhlveley; clerk, Earl Hlckel; treasurer. C.
C. Cartney; engineer, M. E. Lowery.
Councilmen: First wand, W. 8. Koherj Beo
ond ward, John Baker.
Valley Ordinance for prohibiting pool
halls, proposed by Initiative petition. For.
80; against, 88. Trustees, one year, A. An.
derson; two years, Laurence Coy, E. Erway
and J. V. Lentell.
Schuyler J. P. Roberts, republican, was
elected mayor. Democrats elected C R.
Davis, treasurer, and H. 1. Tully. council
man Third ward. Allen Cameron was elect
ed clerk, L. J, MUihaolson, cninrl!man First
ward; C. J. Jenkins, councilman Second
ward; Oeorge Verts and Jarostav Folds,
members school board! E. H. Vrana, city en
gineer. Oakland A Hammeretrom, the present
mayor, was re-elected, unopposed, and Ray
mond Johnson, clerk.
A (MACHINt ,
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How To H"fr A MOtKeT , t, TJ
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... PAINTED YELLOW
Campaign to Discourage En
listments Causes Great In
dignation at Capital. , .
SEVERAL SMALL RIOTS
Washington, April 3. A National
Guardsman of the Third district of
Columbia infantry, backed by t party
of citizens, covered the front of the
headquarters of the Emergency Peace
Federation here with a coat of yellow
paint today while another party of
citizens destroyed pacifist banners
and literature inside.
Pacifist delegations here today
turned their energies toward trying
to persuade senators and representa
tives from voting for the state of war
resolution asked by President Wilson.
They also began a campaign apparent
ly designed to prevent enlistments in
the army and navy. Declarations were
circulated by persons calling them
selves representatives of a no-enlistment
Disorders of yesterday, including
several fist fights and small riots in
the headquarters of the Emergency
Peace Federation in Pennsylvania
avenue resulted in the disappearance
of many of the arm bands and body
banners worn by the pacifists.
The Bee Ownerhip and Circulation
Sworn Statement Furnished the Postoffice Department, April 1, 1917.
Statement of the ownership, manafrement, circulation,
etc., required by the act of congress of August 24, 1912, of
The Daily and Evening Bee, published at Omaha, Nebraska,
for six months ending April 1, 1917.
Owner. The Bee Publishing Company
Editor and Publisher. . Victor Rose water
Managing Editor T. W. McCullough
Business Manager .N. P. Feil
Victor Rosewater, Omaha 194
Victor Rosewater, trustee for
.Nellie E. Feil... 12
Chas. C. Rosewater, Los Angeles 73
N. P. Feil, Omaha 10
Stella R. Feil, Omaha 12
Blanche R, Newman, Omaha. . . 10
M. B. Newman, Omaha 6
Frank L. Haller, Omaha 2
H. A. Haskell, Omaha 2
Estate J. Rosewater, Cleveland 14
Ida Rosenwasser, Cleveland, 0 . . 20
Bondholders, mortgagees and other security holders owning or hold
ing 1 per cent or more of total amount of bonds, mortgages or other
securities, are : ' ...
Average number of copies of each Issue sold or distributed through
the mails or otherwise to paid subscribers during the six months pre
ceding the date shown above is :
Paid Daily Bee ..36,597
Paid Evening Bee A 16,191 ,
Unpaid Daily Bee, including office copies,
employes, charity institutions, returns, etc. 846 .
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Sworn to and subscribed befora ma
IS FORCED OVER
Objection by Wisconsin Man
Blocks Discussion of Re-,
port Made by Foreign
STORMY SCENE ENSUES
Majority Leader Martin Forces
Adjournment to Cnt Off, Re
marks of Badger Senator.
HOUSE COMMITTEE WAITS
Waslrington, April 3. The way
was cleared on both sides of the cap
itol today for prompt enactment of
the administration resolution declar-
g a state of war exists with Ger
many and directing the president to
prosecute it with all the nation's re
sources to a successful termination.
Balked by Senator La Follette in
their effort to have the resolution i
taken up immediately after it had
been reported from tne toreign reia- ,
tinns committee, senate leaders de- i
cided to begin tomorrow at 10 o'clock
a session to continue until a vote is
taken. Letters signed by Senator
Martin and Senator Gallmger, re-'
spectively, the democratic and repub
lican leaders, went to each senator
tonight, announcing the plan for a -continuous
Likely to Be Delay. .
If the leaders can Jiold a quorum,
as they were able to do in the closing
hours of the last session on the armed'
neutrality bill, it is probable that there :
will be no action until late tomorrow
night or Thursday morning. It is not
expected there will be any attempt to
filibuster, but no one knew tonight
how many senators would speak. ,
Adoption of the resolution by the
house before tomorrow night is pre
dicted by the foreign affairs commit
tee. The committee will meet in the;
morning and is expected to report
back quickly the resolution as ap
proved today -by the senate-commit--tee.
A special rule .probably will be
asked from the rules committee to ex
pedite the resolution regardless of its
nress in the senate and little delay
joked for once it reaches the
house floor, Sentiment on the house
side is almost unanimously in favor of
the measure. , " '
- : Expect Little Opposition.
Senators who have looked over the
situation believe that if friends of the
resolution can be prevented from con
suming time in speechmaking, a vote
in the senate need not be delayed
many hours. They expect few votes
against it and not many speeches in
opposition. Republicans in close touch
with the situation believe that Sena
tors La Follette, Gronna and Norris
on the republican side will speak and
vote against the resolution and that
they will be joined by Senators Stone
and Kirby on the democratic side. Of
the position that will be taken by
Senators Cummins arid Lane, who
were in the group President Wilson
blamed for failure of the armed neu
trality bill, they were not at all sure.
Enthusiastic approvel of the presn
dent's address is general among sena
tors. There are a few republicans
who express doubt about what he
meant when he said the entrance of
the United States into the war would
involve "The utmost practical co
operation in counsel and action with
the governments now at 'war with
Germany." . '
Some of them, who think this
might mean a close alliance and an
(Continued on Pag Two, Column One.)
Paul M. Rosenwasser, Cleveland 10
Herman B. Rosenwasser, Cleve
land, Ohio 10
Alice R. Cohn, Cleveland, Ohio 10
E. L. Geismer, Cleveland, Ohio 10
Emma Meyer, Omaha 2
Antoinette Gerber, Omaha....
Alice Meyer, Omaha.........
A. L. Meyer, trustee for Agnes
In our treasury 2
Total shares 400
Nf P. FEIL, Business Manager. '
this second day of April, 1917.
: C. W. CARLSON. Notar Public
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