Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 01, 1917, NEWS SECTION, Image 1

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    The Omaha Sunday 'Bee
NEWS SECTION
PART ONE
PAGES 1 TO 16.
VOL. XLVI NO. '42.
OMAHA, SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 1, 1917 FIVE SECTIONS FORTY PAGES.
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
THE WEATHER
i Cloudy
NEBRASKA HOUSE
TELLS PRESIDENT
KEEP OUT OF WAR
Members at First Refuse to
Consider Pacifist Resolution,
Later Ssnd It Through
With Little Discussion.
FRIENDS OF THE GERMANS
Desire No Hostile Conflict
With the Imperial Gov
ernment. GIVE MORAL LEADERSHIP
(From a Staft Correipondent.)
Lincoln, March 31. (Special.)
Anti-administration democrats, paci
fists and others who desired to assist
the democrats to put themselves com
pletely in the hole joined in an at
tempt this morning to pass a resolu
tion introduced by McAllister, dem
ocrat, from Dakota county.
Mr. Reisner shouted loud and
long for consideration of the reso
lution. Others who favored the reso
lution or at least the suspension of
the rules so it could be considered
numbered forty-nine, but as it takes
a three-fifths majority to suspend the
rules, it failed to carry.
Not Opinion Moulders.
Several members took a shot at the
resolution, while others pleaded its
cause. Dalbey, republican, said that
he would protest against the consid
eration of all such measures. "The
legislature is not convened for the
purpose of trying to mould public
opinion, but to make laws, atd if it
wanted to do real patriotic service for
the country it could pass laws bene
ficial to the state and then go home."
In the afternoon the resolution was
again brought up in the form of a
motion and seconded by Norton and
' Schwab.
Acts Both Ways.
Murtey moved to table, but this
was defeated on a standing vote.
Without more discussion the motion
was adopted and the house went on
record as being not only for the
president but against him at the
same time.
The resoVition was as follows:
We beg to assure the president of our
tinrwervin loyalty to htm In anything ho
may undertako to protect the honor and
dignity of the United States In the present
world crisis, but we believe the president
expreaaed the true sentiment of the Ameri
can people when, on February 3, 1917, be
fore congreaa he said:
"We do not dealr any hostile conflict
with th imperial German government. We
ire the sincere friends of the German peo
ple and earnestly e)ertre iWTeaaaln at peace
with the government which speaks for
Ihem."
We honor the president for, up to this
time, keeping Amerlra out of war and Its
attendant consequences; and, as representa
tives of the people of thu state of Ne
braska, we earnestly hope that he will con
tinue to do so.
We feel that war would only Increase the
lots tt llfo and property, and that It is
the duty of America to prevent suffering,
not t Join in the work of further destruc
tion. We fear that war would not quench,
but feed the fires of militarism. If we be
come belligerents we cease to he neutrals
and become engulfed in European politics.
We believe that a course by our gov
ernment which will defer settlement of
grievances until the present war Is over
will give 'the United States the oppor
tunity to be the leader In the great inter
national peace movement crying to be born.
To stay out of war demands more courage,
more patriotism and more self-sacrifice
than going to war. but It will give America
more moral leadership for all time to come.
That a copy of this resolution be sent to
our congressmen and senator at Wash
ington. '
Juarez Prepares to Meet
Rush Attack by Villa
Juarez, Mex., March 31. Unusual
military' preparations were being
taken here today to prevent Francis
co Villa and his forces from repeating
the coup of November 15, 1914, when
he surprised the garrison here and
captured the city after having been
defeated at Chihuahua City.
Villa recaptured the city at that
time on a troop train which was an
nounced as. a federal train, and to
prevent this trick being duplicated all
train movements have been suspend
ed between here and Chihauhua City,
outposts have been stationed along
the Mexican Central railroad and
guards doubled around the city. No
trains were permitted to leave here
yesterday or today and no train has
arrived from Chihuahua City since
Thursday, one having started from
the state capital yesterday, but was
ordered back by General Murguia.
The victory of yesterday over Villa
has caused a general celebration and
General Francisco Murguia is being
called the hero of northern Mexico
following his defeat of Villa. Gen
eral Jose Carlos Murguia, his brother,
who is in command here, was busy
receiving the congratulations of city
officials and military officers today.
The Weather
For Nebraska Partly cloudy.
Temperatures at Omaha Yesterday.
(SM !:s:: :li
5 7 a. m 42
8 a. it. 41
E a. m 42
T10 a. m 44
11 a. m 42
;T 12 m 44
J, l p. m 43
E f-
8 p. m 46
D 4 p. m 48
p. m
6 p. m 46
? p. m 46
Comparative I -oca I Recerd.
117, 1111. 1915. 1914.
Highest yesterday... 4t 47 S3 48
'jowfit yesterday. 41 39 23 41
Mean temperature. . . 44 ' 43 SI 44
lM-ecipt'atlon .00 T .00 .26
Temperature and precipitation departures
from 4 he normal:
Normal temperature 44
Mxresa for the day.... .. 0
Total excess since March 1 66 Inh
Normal precipitation 09 Inch
Deficiency for the day 06 Inch
Total rainfall since March 1,... 1.8Hnhes
deficiency since March 1 04 Inch
deficiency for cor. period, 1916. 1.04 Inches
ExofM for cor. period, 1915 28 Inch
T indicates trace of precipitation.
L. A. WELSH, Meteorologist.
am
OS
Entire Cargo of Ship
for an Omaha Man
Undated, March 31. Speed,
darkness and strategy combined
to save the British freight steam
ship Knight of the Carter from de
struction by a uerman submarine
oft the French coast. The freii
arrived in an American harbl
day from France. 1
With a few hours of dayligl
maining on March 18 the British
vessel sighted two small craft a
mile distant. They seemed harm
less sailing boats, but Captain Ste
vens said the fact that tiny sailing
ships were 250 miles off land
aroused his suspicions and he put
on full speed ahead. The small
boats suddenly disappeared, he
said, and he was convinced they
were submarines.
The Knight of the Garter
brought as its only cargo a large
box bearing the address "Dr. Des
pecher, Omaha." Captain Ste
phens said it contained "something
handsome" from the French gov
ernment for Dr. Despecher in ap
preciation of his service,
NAVY ENLISTS AID
OF EVERY MAYOR
Lieutenant Waddell Starts In
tensive Campaign for Recruits-Appeals
to Nasbys.
MANY MOKE MEN NEEDED
MUSTER ROLL.
National Guard.. 132
Army 70
Navy 47
Marine Corps 8
Total 257
Every postmaster and town mayor
in Nebraska and South Dakota will
become a helper of the navy recruit
ing station, according to a plan made
by Lieutenant Waddell, to meet the
call for 800 more navy recruits from
the two states in the next twenty
days.
He is sending telegrams to eich
postmaster and mayor, asking those
officials to co-operate in securing the
desired navy recruits at once, in re
sponse to the latest emergency call.
Need Is Urgent. -
The lieutenant is taking this action
in an effort to meet the demands
made on his recruiting district, as in
dicated in the following telejsram re
ceived Friday night from the chief
of the bureau of navigation at Wash
ington: "Thirty-eight thousand five hundred
additional men are needed immedi
ately to fill the navy's emergency
complement Considering the popula
tion of your district, its diversified
industry, and its national importance,
I have assigned your station a quota
of 800 men, to be recruited by April
20. From your estimate of the peo
ple and their keen interest in the na
tional defense, can I surely count up
on this number? v
Bluejackets to Bear Brunt.
"I believe your district is alive to
the urgent need for more men, and
now is the time to show in a practi
cal manner that the people of your
district want a powerful navy. Armed
guards, composed only of naval of
ficers and American bluejackets, are
assigned to every American ship that
sails for the war zone, and in any
emergency American bluejackets will
bear the brunt of the fighting.
"The immediate need is for blue
jackets, and until the navy quota is
filled you will spare no efforts to get
recruits, as it is of the first and most
urgent importance. After the navy's
complement is filled, you will con
tinue jour work in assisting the ma
rine corps and the army to recruit.
Navy Has Advantages.
"Although the spirit of patriotism
will be the guiding motive in actuat
ing young men to enlist, do not fail
to inform all applicants of the ma
terial benefits the navy offers in way
of pay, advancement and vocational
training.- Enlist the service of all pa
triotic Americans in this vitally im
portant work."
Lieutenant Waddell says he has re
ceived many more applicants than
have been accepted, so far, and that
with this new appeal enough will
come forward to make the forty en
Iblments a day for the next twenty
days a cinch.
The district specified in the mes
sage from Washington comprises all
of Nebraska and South Dakota.
Elwood Man Killed,
Two Others Injured
In Auto Collision
Lexington, Neb., March 31. (Spe
cial Telegram.) In attempting to
cross the railroad tracks in the east
part of this city, an' automobile con
taining Clarence Haworth of this city,
Henry Bussong and Clifford Wild
man, both of Elwood, was struck by
Union Pacific passenger train No. 1
and demolished. Mr. Bussong was
killed instantly and Haworth and
Wildman severely injured.
A freight train was going east and
the automobile waited until it had
passed and then started across the
tracks when it was struck by the
passenger train going west.
University Band Draws
v Plaudits at Superior
Superior, Neb., March 31. (Special
Telegram.) The University Ne
braska band of fifty pieces was
greeted with a full house last night,
this being the first number of the
university week entertainments. It
was pronounced the best band organ
ization ever heard in the city by those
in attendance
tisVS. 1
GERMAN RAIDER
DESTROYS DOZEN
I
111 VJIIII u
lericans Among Survivors of
Crews Taken From Victim
Vessels by Sea Rover of
the Kaiser.
VALUABLE CARGOES SUNK
Crews of Victims of Formid
able Armed Craft Landed
at Bio Janeiro.
WELL LOADED WITH MINES
Rio Janeiro, March 31. A new
German raider, slipping past the Brit
ish warships on guard in the North
Sea, has reached the South Atlantic
and sent twelve or more merchantmen
to the bottom. According to survi
vors from the sunken vessels the
raider is the Seeadler (Sea Eagle), a
formidable . armed craft operating
with the same success and daring as
its predecessor, the Moewe, which re
cently returned to a German port
after playing havoc with shipping in
the same waters.
News of the activities of the raider
was brought to Rio Janeiro by the
French bark- Cambronne, which ar
rived here yesterday. It had on
board 285 men from the crews of ves
sels sunk by the Seeadler. The Cam
bronne encountered the raider on
March 7 at latitude 21 south, longi
tude 7 west, a point in the Atlantic
almost on a line with Rio Janeiro
and about two-thirds of the way to
the African coast. After the survi
vors had been put on the Cambronne
it was ordered to proceed to the
coast of Brazil, a voyage of twenty
two days.
Raider Loaded With Mines.
According to the Jornal Do Brazil
the raider was loaded with mines,
which explains the destruction of
vessels off the coast of Brazil. The
commerce destroyer is reported to be
armed with two guns of 105 millime
ters and sixteen machine guns. The
vessel has three masts and is
equipped with wireless. Its crew
consists of sixty-four men under the
command of Count Ukner.
According to the refugees the
raider left Germany on December 22,
escorted by a submarine. On sighting
a merchantman the raider hoisted a
Norwegian flag, which was replaced
by the German ensign when its prey
was within reach of its guns. Among
the refugees are two women, th4
wives of two of the captains of the
sunken vessels.
' Valuable Cargoes Sunk.
Among the ships sunk by the raider
are the following:
Gladys Roy!, S,268; tons,
Charles Oounod, salltnff. 3,109 torn.
Rochefoucauld. 3.A50 Ions.
Antolnlne, 4.000 tona.
Duplelx, 3,000 tona.'
Lady Island, 4,600 tona.
Rohmgoth, 6,500 tona.
Hongarth, 6,600 tona.
Canadian achooner Perse. SOO tona.
Plnmore, British Balling vessel, 2.431 tona.
Buonoa Aires, Italian Balling veaael, 1,611
tona.
Brlthjoanes, British salting veaaat (not
Hated).
The Hongarth, whic was on its
way from Montevideo to Plymouth,
with 6,500 tons of grain, disobeyed
the raider's order to halt and at
tempted to escape. The captain finally
surrendered after four members of
his crew, including the chief engineer
and his assistant, had been wounded
by machine gun fire.
The Lady Is!nd was loaded with
4,500 tons of sugar, the Antoinine
with 4,000 tons of nitrates and the
Charles Gounod with 3,100 tons of
grain.
Raider in North Atlantic.
, March 30. An armed
vessel, believed to be the converted
Gertpan raider St. Theodore, was
sighted in mid-ocean three days ago
by the American : freight steamship
Mongolia, which arrived at an Amer
ican port today.'
If it was not the St. Theodore, the
Mongolia officers were certain the
vessel was a German raider, both be
cause of its actions and because its
wireless operator talked in German.
The Mongolia encountered the
raider March 27, 1,000 miles east of
Sandy Hook, the officers said. The
raider approached within a half mile
of. the American freighter, circled
around it. and then made away
without signaling, but its wireless
was crackling out messages in Ger
man to some unidentified receiver.
The stranger, undoubtedly a con
verted merchantman", had two masts
and one funnel, was painted a war
gray and armed with three big guns.
It had a speed of about sixteen knots.
The St. Theodore was captured by
the German cruiser Moewe last De
cember in South American waters and
fitted out with armament. It was
reported from Copenhagen today to
have been sunk off Rio Janeiro after
having transferred to the Moewe the
prisoners the St. Theodore had cap
tured from the British steamship Gov
ernor after sinking the latter vessel.
Lincoln Turns Out Well
To Patriotic Meetings
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
Lincoln, March 31. (Special Tele
gram.) With the blowing of whistles
on every manufacturing plant in the
city, hundreds of people began early
to gather at the city auditorium and
St. Paul's Methodist church, where
patriotic gatherings were to be held
this evening.
Nearly every automobile arriving
from the country was flying "Old
Glory" and by the time the meetings
were called to order the two places
were filled.
Frank H. Foods, president of the
Lincoln Commercial club presided at
the auditorium meeting, and Dr. T.
W. Jeffrey, at St. Paul's church.
Among thes peakers were Bishop
Tihen, F. M. Hall, C. C. Quiggle, Dr.
L. D. Ypung. Prof. Fling and Senator
E, P. Brown. -
What Did
Conditions of tho Contoiti
For the best and cleverest answers, not exceed
ing SO words, The Bee will give prises as here
enumerated. Address Picture Puzzle Editor, The
Bee. Answers must be in by Wednesday, April 4.
Awards announced Sunday, April 8.
Awards and Bast Answers in Last
UUCOLN POLICE
OFFICER KILLED
Captain C. E. Hall and Frank
Feeney, Chauffeur, Crushed
Under Automobile. '
ARMY OFFICER AND SCOUT
Lincoln, Neb., March 31. Captain
of Detectives C. E. Hall of the Lin-;
coin police department and Frank'
Feeney, a chauffeur were killed early
this morning when an automobile in
which they were rjding overturned
and pinned thein beneath the car.
Captain , Hall was searching for a
stolen automobile. He reported to
the police station by telephone
shortly after midnight and was ex
pected to arrive there shortly after
ward. At 6 o'clock this morning a
search was made and the overturned
car was found along a lonely road
just east of Lincoln. The men's bod
ies were badjy bruised and it is
thought death was instantaneous.
Captain Hall's career has been an
illustrious one. As a youth he was.
a scout with "Buffalo Bill." He
served as a lieutenant in the Spanish
American war and for eighteen years
was an officer of the law in Holt
county. He was 53 years of age. His
daughter is Mrs. Arthur C. Howard,
an actress.
South Dakota Man Is
Not Guilty of Murder
Frederick, S. D., March 31. (Spe
cial.) Friends here have been ad
vised that Peter McVary, formerly of
Frederick, who several months ago
was arrested at Ryegate, Mont., on
the charge of murdering, a home
steader named Gunnar Anderson, has
been found not guilty as the result
of his trial in Montana. From the
first it was believed by his old friends
here and in this vicinity that he was
innocent.
. viti&lT"
VttNA 0 APRIL " litA d'V
i
Our Country's Flag
Flags! Flags!! Flags!!!
Specially designed, printed in correct colors, on heavy
enamel paper to be cut out and pasted on the window pane.
Size 17x24 inches.
Get them at The Bee office.
Two flags for this Coupon and 5 cents by mail 2 cents
extra.
Put One in Every"Window.
Johnny Write on the
Ten
First Prize
Second Prizo
Three Prizes
Five Prizes .
Answer mar
separate sheet of
Wmk's Contest Ars to bo Found on Last
WILSON WILL FREE
THOUSANDS OF MEN
To Exeroise Clemency in Fed
eral Prosecutions . Where !.
Suspensions Nullified.
OTHERWISE MUST SERVE
Washington,' March 31. Attorney
General Gregory announced tonight
that President Wiilson would exer
cise executive clemency in a; large
number of federal prosecutions where
suspension of sentence' had been nul
lified by the supreme court's recent
opinion holding that such suspension
is illegal.
Clemency will be accorded, the at
torney general said, without applica
tions being made, in those cases
where pleas of guilty were entered
or verdict of guilty returned prior to
June 15, 1916, but no sentence pro
nounced, and in those cases where
the sentence imposed was less than
the period between the date of im
position and June 15, 117.
The number who will receive par
dons or commutations under the rul
ing probably will run into the thou
sands. Many of them havebeen at
liberty for long periods and the presi
dent is understood to fell that the
new business arid personal relations
they have been permitted to build up
because of clemency by the courts
should not be broken down. Under
the supreme court opinion all of them
wouW have been compelled, but for
the president's intervention, to return
to custody.
Hughes Will Represent
Mayor Mitchel at Albany
New York, March 31. Mayor
Mitchel announced last night that he
had retained Charles E. Hughes as
his personal counsel to represent him
before the state senate at Albany
next Tuesday. The mayor is to ap
pear then to be questioned concerning
alleged condemnatory statements, he
made about Senator Robert K. Wag
ner in connection with the Rockaway
Point fortification site legislation.
Blackboard?
Prlios for Beit Aniwera.
$2.00 in Cash
.... The Original Picture
- (each) 2 Orpheum Tickets
- - - (each) A Popular Novel
be written In blank space In picture or on
paper, as preferred.
Pago of Today's Foaturo Section
GERMANY IS NOW AT
WAR WITH THE O.S,
Congress Expected to Pass
Resolution Declaring Hostil
ities Started by Kaiser.
. ii
ARM7 OF ONE MILLION MEN
' Washington, March 31. President
WHsou having decided fully with his'
cabinet upon a course of action to
meet' the national emergency, today
set about tlie task of reducing the
conclusions to writing.
Exactly what these conclusions are
will be disclosed officially when the
president appears before 'congress
next week to deliver his momentous
message.
Indications today, however, were
that a formal recognition of the ex
istence of a state of war between the
United States and Germany would re
sult. ' The disclosure that a definite deci
sion had been reached was made fol
lowing a final conference between
President Wilson and his cabinet advisers-
yesterday. . Decision was
reached quickly and it was said there
was no division of opinion on the
question.
Just what part the United States
would play in the war against Ger
many will not be developed until after
congress defines the nation's status
and completes urgent defense legis
lation. . v .
' Organization of House.
Meantime plans for organization of
the house so that President Wilson
may appear early next week before
congress went ahead today. Until it
is known definitely, however, when
organization will be effected no date
for tliq president's appearance will be
st.
Administration officials are confi
dent that the president will have the
almost solid backing of the country
and' congress in whatever recommen
dations he may make. Some opposi
tion h-looked for.- however, from
pacifists at the capitol.
,Aniong the measures . congress . is
expected to act on. soon after Presi
dent Wilson's, i-ppearance are exten
sion of a large credit to the govern
ment, provision for raising an army
of about 1,000,000 men, censorship
and spy bills, the. regular army sup-?
ply bill and emergency,, legislation
for the army and navy. .
Stone and Hitchcock.
Senator Stone, chairman of, the
foreign relations committee1, broke his
silence today on the international sit
uation and said that war appears
probable; that he will vote against a
war declaration, but will give Presi
dent Wilson his unlimited support if
war is decided upon. Senator Stone
said he did not know the president's
program, but would co-operate in en
abling congress to promptly express
its convictions.
The foreign relations committee
will meet at 3 o'clock. in the after
noon of the day the president ad
dresses congress. ,
Senator Stone intimated that the
handling of a war resolution in the
senate would be left to some other
senator acceptable to the president
and the committee. Senator Hitch
cock of Nebraska, next in rank to
Senator Stone, has told the president
that he opposes a war declaration
and it appeared probable that Senator
Williams of Mississippi, the next in
line on the democratic side, might be
chosen.
KAISER HAD FULL
OPPORTUNITY TO
MODIFY DECREE
State Department Gives De
tails of Negotiations Just
Before Break in Diplo
' matio Belations.
PROMISES ARE BROKEN
Pledge Given in Sussex Note
Eight Months Before Abro-
gated on Short Notice.
EFFORTS OF BEBNS.TORFF
'. Washington, March 31. Secretary
Zimmermann's speech to the Reich
stag charging the United States with
responsibility for war if it comes
brought forth today for the first time
official admission that the United
States government knew in the middle
of January that the ruthless subma
rine decree wa to be issued and that
after its issuance three days were al
lowed to elapse to give Germany op
portunity to modify or repeal it De-
fore the severance of diplomatic re
lations were announced.
Count von Bcrnstorff, it was stated
by department officials, knew of the
impending decree two weeks before
it was issued and made every effort
with his government to have it re
pealed. '
Kaiser Breaks Promises.
Officials here are. much aroused by
Germany's continued attempt to con
vict the United States of desiring war
and they intend 'to show that every
possible opportunity was given Ger
many to avoid it. America's action,
tlu-y point out, foreshadowed in the
Sussex note, delivered eight and a half
months before the German decree,
merely followed out the policy then
outlined. , Germany, on the other
IISLIIU, SUIUgSlCU IIS piUUIiSCS VII BGICH
hours' notice to this government and
then in face of certain drastic ac
tion by this country allowed three
days to pass without another attempt
to meet the United States.
New Angle of Case.
"That Germany's decree was' dis- -cussed
'two Weeks ahead of its issue
adds new interest to the Austrian sit
uation, for it was just at 'that time
that Count Tarnowski left Austria
for this country to become the new
ambassador. Whether Vienna was
convinced that : the ; United States
would not sever relations, whether,.
Austria was a silent and nnsympatli- ,
etic part to Germany's action, or
whether the new ambassador was en
trusted with special arguments to
present the Teutonic viewpoint are
not known, --.-, ...-
State of War Exists. '
Zimmermann's statement that the
United States had tried to set the en
tire .jorld aginst Germany after the;
break might be construed by this
government, it was stated, as a recog
nition that Germany considered a
state of war had existed from the
date of the severance of relations and
President Wilson's anneal to neutrals
to take similar action. Whether
Germany took that point of view or
not was stated not to be known, '
Knoninctpin anrl nnulinn.
WW ,, gfwtvtll MilW WVVIIIIJj
In Mix at Norfolk Club
Madison; Neb., March 31. (Spc
cial Telegram.) Former County At
torney W. L. Dowling was assaulted
early this morning by Arthur J.
Koenigstein, who was recently con
victed of the crime of bribery, while
county attorney of Madison county.
The attack was made by Koenigsteiu
and another unknown man in the
Elks' club at Norfolk. '
Dowling was walking through the
lounging room of the club when
Koenigstein came out of an adjoining
room and struck him, knocking out
one tooth and inflflicting a painful f
wound which penetrated the right
cheek and which required a suture
to close.
Witnesses say the attack was un
provoked. Dowling, as county attor
ney, prosecuted Koengstein and se
cured his conviction, afterward ap- '
pearing in supreme court against him
on appeal.
Norfolk, Neb., March 31. (Special
Telegram.) Art J. Koenigstein, for
mer city attorney of Norfolk and
county attorney of Madison county,
in a statement here tonight denied
that he provoked an assault on former
County Attorney W. L. Dowling of
Madison in the Elks' club rooms here
this morning. Dowling, asserts
Koenigstein, attacked him. Koenig
stein asserts Dowling provoked the
encounter by making slurring and in
sinuating remarks. Koenigstein sus
tained a broken wrist in the affair.
Dowling lost a tooth and had a few
stitches taken in his cheek.
Koenigstein claims his action was
not entirely personal.
A Full Page of Poultry
and Pet Stock
news and advertising
in the' Want-Ad Sec
tion of this issue.
When you have some
thing to sell in these
lines, put your ad in
the paper that will
bring the Best Re
sults. The one that
carries the most ads.