Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 08, 1917, Image 1
Senate s Break; British Liner Sunk You can telephone your want-ad at night service for your convenience. Tyler 1000. The Omaha Daily Bee THE WEATHER Fair; Colder VOL. XLVI. NO. 201. OMAHA, THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 8, 1917 TEN PAGES. On Trttnt. it HoUU. Htm Standi. Etc., M. SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS. K SENATE APPROVES BREAK WITH THE GERMAN EMPIRE With Five Members Voting Against It, Resolution En dorsing Wilson's Action Passes Upper House. FOLLOWS STORMY DEBATE Kirby, Vardaman, Gronna, Works and La Follette, Op-. pose Formal 0. K. FIVE HOURS' DISCUSSION Washington, Feb. 7. President Wilson's severance of diplomatic re lations with Germany was formally approved today by the senate. liy a vote of 78 to 5 the senate expressed confidence in tlie presi dent's course, adopting a resolution submitted by Chairman Stone of the foreign relations committee endorsing the withdrawal of American Ambas sador Gerard from Berlin and givivng to German Ambassador Bernstorff his passports. Senators Who Voted "No." Senators who voted against the resolution were: Democrats, Kirby of Arkansas and Vardaman of Missis sippi; republicans. Gronna, North Da kota; Works, California, and Lorol Ictfc, Wisconsin. Hive hours of debate preceded the vote, but the only active opposition camefrom the five senators who stood'but against the resolution when the roll was called. The ranking re publican leaders joined the demo crats in declaring their whole-hearted support of the president. Text of Resolution. The resolution follows: "Whereas, the president has for the reasons stated in his address delivered to the congress in joint session on February 3, 1917, severed diplomatic relations with the imperial German government by the recall of the American ambassador at Berlin and by handing his passports to the Ger man ambassador at Washington, and "Whereas, notwithstanding this sev erance of diplomatic intercourse the president has expressed his intention to avoid conflict with the imperial German government, andd Approval of Action. "Whereas, the president declared in this said address that if in his judg ment an occasion should arise for further action in the premises on the part of the government of the United States he would submit the matter to the United States congress and ask the authority of congress to use such measures as he might deem necessary for protection of American seamen and people in the prosecution of their peaceful and legitimate rights on the high seas. "Therefore, be is resolved by the senate that the senate approves the action taken by the president as set forth in his address delivered before congress as stated above." "I have presented the resolution," said Senator Stone, in bringing the matter before the "senate, because I think we should let the world know that wa support the president of tne United Stales whenever acting within his constitutional power he speaks authoritatively for the, country. Thought Waiting Advisable. "There are senators who thought it would have been the better part of wisdom if the president had post poned the severance of diplomatic relations with Germany at least until Germany had committed some overt act offensive to this government and sufficiently aggravated to warrant a step so grave in possible conse quences, but the president took a dif ferent view which with great ability he strongly supported in his address before the joint session. "I think it both wise and advisable for the senate to say officially that ft accepts and approves this action of the nation's chief magistrate." Senator Kirby made his first ad- (Continued on Pftge Two, Column One.) The Weather For Nebraska Fair and somewhat colder. Temperatures mt Omaha Testerday. Hour. Deg. 6 a. m 32 6 a, m 31 7 a. m 30 ft a. m 29 ft a. m 30 10 a. m 34 11 a. m 38 12 m 42 1 p. m. . , . : p. m . . 49 3 P. m 4 p. m 51 5 p. m 48 6 p. m 4ft t p. m 41 8 p. m 3ft Comparative Loral Record. 1917. 1918. 1914. Highest yesterday 51 II st 17 Lownt yesterday 29 0 14 11 M'an temperature.... 40 (J l!I r. Precipitation 00 .03 T .00' Temperature and precipitation departures from the normal: Normal temperature 22 Kx.'rvs for the day..: 18 Total ecesii since March 1 161 Normal precipitation 04 Inch Deficiency for the day 04 inch Trual rainfall ainre March 1 17, 42 Inches Deficiency since March 1 12.72 Inches Deflrlenry for cor. period. 191 B. . .50 inch Deficiency for cor. period, 1914.. 1. S3 inches Report! From Buttons at 7 P .M. Station and State Temp. Hiirh- Raln- uf Weather. 7 d. in. fall Cheyenne, clear 32 42 Davenport, pt. cloudy.. 18 40 Pcnwr, cloudy 44 60 Dea Moines, cloudy.... 42 48 Dodge City, clear 48 64 Lander, clear 2H 36 North riatte, cloudy... 40 60 Omaha, pt. cloudy 41 EI Pueblo, pt. cloudy 4? 52 Rapid City, cloudy...... 42 ili' Bait Lake City, clear... 30 34 Santa Ke, clear 36 40 Sheridan, cloudy 40 46 .00 .00 .00 .no .0ft .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 I Sioux City, cloudy 3H 42 Valentine, cloudy 38 44 Indicates blow uero. T Indicates trace of precipitation L. A. WiSLSH, Meteorologist. United States Will Not Convoy Ships Washington, D. C, Feb. 7. The American liner St. Louis will not be given a convoy if it decides to sail for England through the Ger man submarine lone, it was an nounced at the State department today. The government is acting on the policy that Americans have an in alienable right to traverse the high sea'.;, that the German submarine blockade is entirely illegal and that any sinking of American ships in contravention of law would im mediately lead to hostilities. AMERICAN CRAFT POSTPONE SAILING St. Louis and St. Paul Again Delay Departure on Word From Washington. NO PASSES FOR WOMEN New York, Feb. 7. Sailing of the American line steamships St.- Louis and St. Paul, now in the port of New York, has been indefinitely postponed, it was announced here tonight by P. A. Franklin, president of the Inter national Mercantile Marine. The announcement followed an of ficial statement received by telephone from the State department at Wash ington declining to advise persons as whether or not their ships should start on voyages which would take them within the war zones laid down by Germany. The State department pointed out, however, that neutral vessels may arm themselves for de fense if the owners so elect and that it is the right of an American vessel to traverse any part of the high seas. Mustn't Book Passengers. The International Mercantile Ma rine today sent out instructions to its agents throughout the country re questing them to cease booking pas sengers on American line ships. Although there has eben no can cellation of sailings of British or allied ships from American ports, it was learned here today that the British consulate is refusing to issue pass ports for women and children on ships destined to pass through the war zone. No formal notice has been issued, but applications for women and children are refused. Evidence that the thirty-one Ger man and Austrian ships self-detained in this port have been disabled and that most of their crews left thein prior to the placing of a guard over the ships by the customs authorities on Sunday, is in possession of federal officers, it was authoritatively learned today. The ships are so badly dam aged that six or eight months will be required for repairs. Over 4,000 Vanish. Figures that were made public also show that more than 4,000 members of the crews have vanished. There were 5,460 officers and men aboard the vessels at the outbreak of the war. The Holland-American Rvndam. which sailed from New York January 29, is returning to this port, a cable message from the Holland-American's line s officers abroad informed the local officers. There are ninety-seven passengers on the Kyndam, sixty-eight in the first and twenty-nine in the second cabin. Among the passengers is Desire Derulle, American consular agent at Luxemburg. British Capture the Grandcourt Village, Says Official Report London, Feb. 7. "As i result of our continuous pressure on both banks of the river Ancrc, the enemy has been forced to evacuate the vil lage of Grandcourt, which is now en tirely in our possession," says the British official communication issued this evening. Union Pacific to Open Up a New Scenic Spot The Union Pacific has about com pleted the lineup for arrangements by which during the coming season it will take tourists into Little Zion canyon, a section of country that, it is asserted, contains more natural attractions than the Yosemite Na tional park. The Little Zion is seventy-five miles off the San Pedro line of road, this distance south of Lund, Utah. Tour ists will leave the railroad at Lund and make the trip by automobile into the canyon, where hotels are to be erected. The road from Lund is through fertile valleys and over mountain ranges, ending in the can yon that in places spreads out to a mile in width, with sides 4,000 to 5,000 feet high. Pioneer Papillion Woman Is Dead at Her Home There Mrs. Carl Niemann, aged 72 years, died at her home in Papillion yester day of paralysis. She had lived in Papillion for thirty years. She leaves three daughters and four sons. The daughters are Mrs. C. H. Ross, wife of Dr. Ross, Omaha, and Misses Alice and Lillian Griffith. The sons arc William Griffith of Salem, Mo., and three sons still in England. The funeral will be held at 1'aDillion Sat- uraay at i p. m. Fifth Nebraska Scheduled At Fort Crook This Morning The first troop train of the Fifth Nebraska regiment left Kansas City at 4:30 Wednesday afternoon and is scheduled to arrive at Fort Crook at 12:30 this morning. The second troop train left one hour behind the first, and is scheduled to arrive at 1 :30. GERARD IS SAID TO BE AT BERNE ENROUTE HOME Dispatch from Ambassador Willard Indicates that He May Have Left the German Capital, , REGARDED AS A HOSTAGE 1 Report that He Would Be De tained Until Bernstorff Has Safe Conduct, FURTHER WORD EXPECTED Paris, Feb. 7. A Havas dispatch from Barcelona, Spain, says that Ambassador Gerard will sail from that port for the United States on a Span ish transatlantic liner. Washington, Feb. 7. Ambassador Willard at Madrid reported to the State department today that lie had received a dispatch from Ambassador Gerard, sent from Berne, Switzerland. Although no word came from Am bassador Gerard himself or from American Minister Stovall at Berne, the State dcpaitincnt interpreted Mr. Wjllard's dispatch as indicating that Mr. Gerard had left Berlin and got ten as far as the Swiss capital The fact that Mr. Gerard was not expected to leave Berlin before Sun day coupled with the possibility that l.e may have sent a dispatch to Berne to be transmitted to Ambassador Wil lard makes it possible, however, that Mr. Gerard has not left Germany, but officials expect further advices during the day. The State department had sent to Ambassador Willard a dispatch to be forwarded to Ambassador Gerard in Berlin ,which would be of value only in case Mr. Gerard still were in the German capital. Ambassador Willard replied he had .?sl7v. whether he should forward the de partment's dispatch to him there. No direct report has been received from Mr. Gerard or from the Ameri can minister at Berne, bui word is expected during the day which will clarify .the situation. The last dis patch from Mr. Gerard at Berlin was dated February S. .Step Aimed at Entente. From European source Outside of Germany the government has learned that the German government actually did consider Mr. Gerard practically as a hostage until it received advices from Washington detailing the ar rangements made for the safe depar ture of Count von Bernstorff. It was disclosed today that on Monday the State department sent a long ' dispatch, giving the plans worked out for the safe departure of the former German ambassador and his suite. Any plans German of ficials might have entertained to re strain the departure of Mr. Gerard were then, of course, dropped. The German gbvernment's action is believed to have been more in the nature of a move to compel a safe return of Count yon Bernstorff through the allied blockade rather than any step against Mr. Gerard or the United States. In line with its policy of doinc nothing to force further strained re lations with Germany, it was officially reiterated today that tire administra tion is taking the greatest care to sec that no right of any foreign gov ernment or foreign property is vio lated. It was added that the government has nowhere seized German ships or claimed title of any sort to them. It was authoritatively declared on behalf of the administration that the only action taken has been to put vessels and their crews under such guard and protection as to prevent anything being done which would ob struct navigation or in any other way violate the laws to which they would in any case be subject. Only the necessary precautions, it was said, are being taken against violations of the law of any sort Statement by Baker. Secretary Baker gave out the fol lowing statement: "In the harbors of Manila and else. where in the Philiboine Islands and at Colon, Fanama. the German mtr chant vessels were discovered to have had certain parts of their machinery removed, ana in some instances evi dences of preparation for the sinking of these vessels had been made. "Solely for the purposeof protect ing the several harbors and other shipping and property therein, steps have been taken to prevent damage, but none of the ships have been seized by the government of the United States and in all cases the commanders and crews have been in formed that the government of the United States had made no seizures, claims no right to the vessels and does not deny the right of the com mander and crew to dismantle the vessels if they see fit, so long as the destruction is accomplished in a way which will not obstruct navigable port waters or injure or endanger other shipping or property. "The breach of diplomatic rela tions betweecn the governments of the United States and Germany has not changed the relation of these ships or their crews to the govern ment of the United States nor for feited their right -to hospitality and steps taken arc limited to necessary police regulations to prevent injury to the property of others or the obstruc tion of harbor waters." Gerard at Berlin Tuesday. Berlin, Feb. '6. (Via London, Feb. 7.) The fr.rcign office thus far has (Continued on Fate Two, Column Two) w 1 Jstm''- 4hhr i : - fiAnm I TFT I 1TV TO ADbLAlDli lb GIVEN MOW JUtHIMQ British Admiralty Says Vessel Given No Notice Before Being Sent to Bottom, FROST WILL' SECTJBE DATA London, Feb. 7. An official state ment issued today by the British gov ernment concerning the sinking by a German submarine of the British pas senger liner Port Adelaide says: "The British steamer Port Ade laide, carrying passengers ffom Lon don to Australia, was torpedoed without warning on Saturday by a German submarine. The passengers were rescued by the Dutch steamer Samarinda and landed at Vigo. The master, however, was made prisoner aboard the submarine. "Germany's withdrawal of its pledge to the United States not to sink passenger ships without due I warning thus has been emphasized." I Page Sends Orders. Ambassador Page today forwarded t oWesley Frost, the Americani con sul at Cork, instructions from Wash ington to obtain affidavits from mem bers of the crew of the British steam ship Eavestone. The Eavestone, according to an of ficial report, was sunk by a Gcrni.'Ji submarine, which shelled the boats as they were leaving the sinking steamer, killing the captain and three seamen, one of whom was Richard Wallace, an American negro. The Central News says it has learned that the Belgian relief ship Lars Kruse, which was sunk near the Belgian coast on Monday, was tor pedoed. Story of Palmleaf Crew. The crew of the British steamer Palmleaf assert that after their vessel had been torpedoed by a German sub marine the captain and chief engi neer were made prisoners by the Ger mans, who left the other members of the ship's company in open boats. German Dynamite Plant is Blown Up; 200 Women Killed Amsterdam, Feb. 7. (Via London.) According to Les Nouvelles of Maestricht, Holland, a dynamite fac tory at Schlesbusch, near Cologne was blown up on January 27, causing the death of 200 persons, mostly women. An explosion last Thursday on the railway between Aix-La-Chapelle and Louvain, this newspapor reports, caused the death or injury of twcnt.v six Belgian workmen. Mexican Boys Work Manual Of Arms Until Hands Blistered Mexico City, Jan. IS. Many a Mexican school boy has blisters on his hands as a result of the military training all scholars are compelled to undergo, for the instruction is not conhned to drill and manual bf arms, but includes a thorough course in nick i tuu anuvci wurr. in tne ircncncs. The Campos de Anzurcs, or plains lying near the castle of Chapultcpec, are criss-crossed with a thorough sys tem of trenches and fortifications con structed by the cadets. On these plains are staged sham battles at reg ular intervals. The boys are instruct ed by army officers and often arc maneuvered with regular troops. The Gulf Between ONE WILD HORSE MAN TOTOE PEN Terms in Jail or Fines for Others Imposed by Judge Woodrough. . TWO ARE TO TAKE APPEALS One year and one day in the gov ernment penitentiary at Fort Leaven worth, Kan., was the sentence im posed upon Charles M. Thompson of Omaha, banker, real estate operator and convicted conspirator in the Ari zona wild horse case, by Judge Woodrough in federal court Wednes day afternoon. Four other, sentences were pro nounced by Judge Woodrough, but none of the penalties were as heavy as the one imposed upon Thompson. A. C. Smith of Omaha was sen tenced to serve three months in the Grand Island jail. Charles W. West of Lincoln was fined $500, and upon his inability to pay the hue was com mitted to the Grand Island jail. R. I a, liurwinkle of Llston, la., and John I Bnlccy of Omaha were each fined $500. Postpones Action Two Weeks'. William Ilinkly of Brayton, S. D., through his attorney, asked that the court delay pronouncement of sen tence upon him because, although a man of considerable means, his prop erty is so encumbered at the present time it would take a few days for him to raise the money to pay the, sum he might be fined. Accordingly Judge Woodrough postponed his case two weeks. It is believed Ilinkly will be given a somewhat larger fine than the others who were fined. Sentence was not pronounced upon J. Sidney Smith of Omaha because Smtili was taken ill while on his way to Omaha and had to be removed from the train at Mason City, la. Sentence will be pronounced upon him later. Thompson and Smith, it is under stood, will appeal. Those upon whom fines were imposed, it is believed, will pay. New bond for the same amount must he given by Thompson, but Smith's was reduced from $10,000 to $5,000. Doctors Divide on Merits of Measure Before Legislature (From a Staff Correspondent.) Lincoln, Feb. 7. (Special Tele gram.) A large number of physicians from lincoln, Omaha and points out in the state held a seance with the medical committees of the legislature this evening in consideration of the bills before the legislature, more es pecially House Roll No. 124, known as the Fox bill, which makes a rad ical change in the health department of the state, making three depart ments, with a head for each. Those favorablt to the bill were headed by Dr. B. F. aBilev of Lin coln. Among those who spoke were Dr. Milroy, president of the State Medical society; Dr. J. P. Lord of Omaha, Dr. Miller of Broken Bow, ')r- 'rvm S. Cutter of the Omaha Medical college, Dr. Diller of Auburn and several others, including Attor ney M. A. Hall, representing the Omaha Commercial club. Dr. Cum mins and Dr. Carr of the present board of secretaries of the State Board of Health, Dr. F. R. Wilinuth, Dr. A. C. Shoemaker of Lincoln and others spoke against the bill. The committee took uo action. IMPLEMENT DEALERS ARE NOTTO OET IN Hardware Men of State Favor Having Their Own People in Organization. NO ASSOCIATE MEMBERS The Nebraska Retail Dealers' Hardware association is not in favor of taking in the implement men as associate members. This was- the sentiment expressed at the afternoon session Wednesday of the hardware men's convention. The Midwest Im plement Dealers' association had made formal application for associate membership in the hardware men's organization. The business of buying was the subject discussed during most of the forenoon. The discussion was led by K. M. Healey of Dubuque, la. He declared that a dealer must know how to buy right and also that he cannot expect to hold trade by buying only the cheapest grades of stock. "You can't hold trade," lie said, "unless yon give the best service for the money. Most of the profit must be made through the careful buying of Buy Advertised Goods. The speaker urged the members to buy nationally-advertised goods. "The manufacturers are spending thousands of dollars," he said, "to advertise and make their particular product known throughout the country. They are educating the buying public to ask for a certain brand, and you must carry it. i he Nebraska Hardware Mutual Insurance couiDanv. made un of mem bers of the association, is to have a few sessions of the policy holders during the convention. fins com pany has added to its assets, is in creasing dividends, and has decided to maintain the established board rates which the inspection bureau is fixing on rates throughout the state. McAdoo's Brother Denies Charge of Thomas W.Lawson Washington, Feb. 7. The congres sional leak investigating committee continued today its inquiry with the question of concluding the hearings still undetermined. Malcom R. McAdoo, a brother of Secretary McAdoo, hotly denied at the inquiry today that he ever acted as a "go-between" for the secretary and C. D. Barney & Co., New York brokers, in a Wall street deal, as re ported to the committee by Thomas W. Lawson. Asks for Half Million to Aid Americans in Europe Washington. Feb. 7. An emer gency appropriation of $500,000 for relief, protection and transportation of American citizens in Europe was asked ot congress today by becre tary Lansing. The secretary did not mention spe cifically the situation in which many Americans in the Teutonic countries are placed by the break with Ger many, merely calling attention to the continued extraordinary expenses of the State department on account of the war and suetrestinir that the ner- atcly, "in view of apparent develop ments in the international relations of the I'nitcd States within the last, few days." PASSENGER SHIP CALIFORNIA SUNK OFF IRISH COAST ! Crack Steamer of Anchor Line Sent to Bottom by Mine or Torpedo, with Probable 1 Loss of Life. NO AMERICANS ON BOARD Vessel Carried Thirty-One Pas sengers and Cre wof Hun dred and Eighty-Fonr. REPORT 160 SURVIVORS New York, Feb. 7. The British passenger liner California, one of the crack ships of the Anchor line fleet, has been sunk off the coast of Ireland, -with a probable loss of life. Messages to the State department in Washing ton and to the officers of the line at New York today told of the catas trophe, but did not say whether it was torpedoed or struck by a mine. The liner carried thirty-one passen gers and a crew of 184, none of whom, as far as is known, was an American. Advices to the local of fices said there were 160 survivors: those to the State department from Consul Frost at Queenstown that one life was lost and that there were "thirty hospital cases." Carried Stern Gun, The California was armed when it left here with a stern gun, and car-' ricd a cargo, including war supplies, it was said. The passengers, it was said by of ficials of the line, were all British or Canadian subjects. The British ship ping commissioner here said that only four members of the crew were shipped at this port, none of them be ing Americans. Tihe rest of the crew, he said, was taken on at Glasgow and he believed they were all British sub jects. The vessel was due at Glasgow to day or tomorrow. Henderson Commander. The California carried a crew of 184. It was commanded by Captain John L. Henderson. Although many in the passenger list are recorded as coming from American cities, it was explained by the officials that all the passengers were nevertheless British or Cana dian, who either resided in them or booked from them. The California was built at Glasgow in 1907 and is registered as a vessel of 8,622 tons gross and 470 feet in length. The California's general cargo of supplies for the use of the British government included munitions. The Passenger List. The California's passenger list fol lows: Klrat Cabin J. h. Brouihton, Shanghai, China. tWond Cabin Mra. A. Smith, Mr. J. Kldd, Edith Hmlth (Infant), Calgary, Al berta; Mr. and Mra. J. W. Anderaon and eon, Vancouver, B. C; Mr. and Mra. A. Ollrhrtm, New York City; Mlna Roea Mar tin. White Plalna, N. v.: Ale Martin, De trait, Mich.; Mra. A. Outhlll, Caapar, Wyo. : Mra. Mary J. O'Donnell, Maater Cornelia O'Donnell, Maater Jemea O'Donnell, Mlaa Mary O'Donnell, .Philadelphia: Nell ailliea. New York City.; Mlaa Margaret MaoLeog, New York City: Mlaa Madge Roberta, To ronto, Ont.j Mlaa Annie Chamber, Flrtfe Cliff. N. Y. Third CabinJ. Anderaon, Boaton, Maaa.; Mlaa Margery Blnclalre, Boaton; Mra. Jeanto McKlnley, Bridgeport, Conn.; Mlaa Jeaala Rnbertaon, Buffalo. N. Y.; Mra. Margarat Little, Maater John Little, Mlaa May Little, Ml Margaret Little, Maater Andrew Little, New York City; Alfred Knoa, New York City; Mlaa Annie Porbea, Toronto, Ont. British Liner Sunk. Washington, Feb. 7. Sinking of the British liner California," New York for Glasgow, off the coast of Ireland, was reported to the State department late today in a dispatch from Con sul Frost at Queenstown. The report said there was one life lost and "thirty hospital cases" and gave no other details of the catas trophe. Consul Frost's dispatch was as follows: "Anchor line California has been sunk; bound Glasgow, presumably from New York; 200 persons on board; one death, thirty hospital cases; survivors reach rere late to night." Casper Woman on Board. ': Casper, Wyo., Feb. 7. Mrs. Alex ander Cuthill, a passenger on board the liner California, sailed two weeks ago to visit her parents in Scotland. She is the wife of a foreman for a sheep grower. She is a native of Scotland. Mrs. Cuthill's husband recently took out first naturalization papers and filed on a homestead claim near here. Have you an extra room which is being kept warm and no one to occupy it. Phone Tyler 1000 and let a small want ad fill that room and help to pay the coal bill. Competent ad writers at your service. Yon are as close to t The Bee Want-Ad Dept. as your phone is to you.