Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 08, 1917, Image 1

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s Break; British Liner Sunk
You can telephone
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Tyler 1000.
The Omaha Daily Bee
Fair; Colder
VOL. XLVI. NO. 201.
On Trttnt. it HoUU.
Htm Standi. Etc., M.
With Five Members Voting
Against It, Resolution En
dorsing Wilson's Action
Passes Upper House.
Kirby, Vardaman, Gronna,
Works and La Follette, Op-.
pose Formal 0. K.
Washington, Feb. 7. President
Wilson's severance of diplomatic re
lations with Germany was formally
approved today by the senate.
liy a vote of 78 to 5 the senate
expressed confidence in tlie presi
dent's course, adopting a resolution
submitted by Chairman Stone of the
foreign relations committee endorsing
the withdrawal of American Ambas
sador Gerard from Berlin and givivng
to German Ambassador Bernstorff his
Senators Who Voted "No."
Senators who voted against the
resolution were: Democrats, Kirby of
Arkansas and Vardaman of Missis
sippi; republicans. Gronna, North Da
kota; Works, California, and Lorol
Ictfc, Wisconsin.
Hive hours of debate preceded the
vote, but the only active opposition
camefrom the five senators who
stood'but against the resolution when
the roll was called. The ranking re
publican leaders joined the demo
crats in declaring their whole-hearted
support of the president.
Text of Resolution.
The resolution follows:
"Whereas, the president has for the
reasons stated in his address delivered
to the congress in joint session on
February 3, 1917, severed diplomatic
relations with the imperial German
government by the recall of the
American ambassador at Berlin and
by handing his passports to the Ger
man ambassador at Washington, and
"Whereas, notwithstanding this sev
erance of diplomatic intercourse the
president has expressed his intention
to avoid conflict with the imperial
German government, andd
Approval of Action.
"Whereas, the president declared in
this said address that if in his judg
ment an occasion should arise for
further action in the premises on the
part of the government of the United
States he would submit the matter to
the United States congress and ask
the authority of congress to use such
measures as he might deem necessary
for protection of American seamen
and people in the prosecution of their
peaceful and legitimate rights on the
high seas.
"Therefore, be is resolved by the
senate that the senate approves the
action taken by the president as set
forth in his address delivered before
congress as stated above."
"I have presented the resolution,"
said Senator Stone, in bringing the
matter before the "senate, because I
think we should let the world know
that wa support the president of tne
United Stales whenever acting within
his constitutional power he speaks
authoritatively for the, country.
Thought Waiting Advisable.
"There are senators who thought it
would have been the better part of
wisdom if the president had post
poned the severance of diplomatic
relations with Germany at least until
Germany had committed some overt
act offensive to this government and
sufficiently aggravated to warrant a
step so grave in possible conse
quences, but the president took a dif
ferent view which with great ability
he strongly supported in his address
before the joint session.
"I think it both wise and advisable
for the senate to say officially that
ft accepts and approves this action
of the nation's chief magistrate."
Senator Kirby made his first ad-
(Continued on Pftge Two, Column One.)
The Weather
For Nebraska Fair and somewhat colder.
Temperatures mt Omaha Testerday.
Hour. Deg.
6 a. m 32
6 a, m 31
7 a. m 30
ft a. m 29
ft a. m 30
10 a. m 34
11 a. m 38
12 m 42
1 p. m. . , .
: p. m . .
3 P. m
4 p. m 51
5 p. m 48
6 p. m 4ft
t p. m 41
8 p. m 3ft
Comparative Loral Record.
1917. 1918. 1914.
Highest yesterday 51 II st 17
Lownt yesterday 29 0 14 11
M'an temperature.... 40 (J l!I r.
Precipitation 00 .03 T .00'
Temperature and precipitation departures
from the normal:
Normal temperature 22
Kx.'rvs for the day..: 18
Total ecesii since March 1 161
Normal precipitation 04 Inch
Deficiency for the day 04 inch
Trual rainfall ainre March 1 17, 42 Inches
Deficiency since March 1 12.72 Inches
Deflrlenry for cor. period. 191 B. . .50 inch
Deficiency for cor. period, 1914.. 1. S3 inches
Report! From Buttons at 7 P .M.
Station and State Temp. Hiirh- Raln-
uf Weather. 7 d. in.
Cheyenne, clear 32 42
Davenport, pt. cloudy.. 18 40
Pcnwr, cloudy 44 60
Dea Moines, cloudy.... 42 48
Dodge City, clear 48 64
Lander, clear 2H 36
North riatte, cloudy... 40 60
Omaha, pt. cloudy 41 EI
Pueblo, pt. cloudy 4? 52
Rapid City, cloudy...... 42 ili'
Bait Lake City, clear... 30 34
Santa Ke, clear 36 40
Sheridan, cloudy 40 46
.00 I
Sioux City, cloudy 3H 42
Valentine, cloudy 38 44
Indicates blow uero.
T Indicates trace of precipitation
L. A. WiSLSH, Meteorologist.
United States Will
Not Convoy Ships
Washington, D. C, Feb. 7. The
American liner St. Louis will not
be given a convoy if it decides to
sail for England through the Ger
man submarine lone, it was an
nounced at the State department
The government is acting on the
policy that Americans have an in
alienable right to traverse the high
sea'.;, that the German submarine
blockade is entirely illegal and that
any sinking of American ships in
contravention of law would im
mediately lead to hostilities.
St. Louis and St. Paul Again
Delay Departure on Word
From Washington.
New York, Feb. 7. Sailing of the
American line steamships St.- Louis
and St. Paul, now in the port of New
York, has been indefinitely postponed,
it was announced here tonight by P.
A. Franklin, president of the Inter
national Mercantile Marine.
The announcement followed an of
ficial statement received by telephone
from the State department at Wash
ington declining to advise persons as
whether or not their ships should
start on voyages which would take
them within the war zones laid down
by Germany. The State department
pointed out, however, that neutral
vessels may arm themselves for de
fense if the owners so elect and that
it is the right of an American vessel
to traverse any part of the high seas.
Mustn't Book Passengers.
The International Mercantile Ma
rine today sent out instructions to
its agents throughout the country re
questing them to cease booking pas
sengers on American line ships.
Although there has eben no can
cellation of sailings of British or allied
ships from American ports, it was
learned here today that the British
consulate is refusing to issue pass
ports for women and children on
ships destined to pass through the
war zone. No formal notice has been
issued, but applications for women
and children are refused.
Evidence that the thirty-one Ger
man and Austrian ships self-detained
in this port have been disabled and
that most of their crews left thein
prior to the placing of a guard over
the ships by the customs authorities
on Sunday, is in possession of federal
officers, it was authoritatively learned
today. The ships are so badly dam
aged that six or eight months will be
required for repairs.
Over 4,000 Vanish.
Figures that were made public also
show that more than 4,000 members
of the crews have vanished. There
were 5,460 officers and men aboard the
vessels at the outbreak of the war.
The Holland-American Rvndam.
which sailed from New York January
29, is returning to this port, a cable
message from the Holland-American's
line s officers abroad informed the
local officers.
There are ninety-seven passengers
on the Kyndam, sixty-eight in the
first and twenty-nine in the second
cabin. Among the passengers is
Desire Derulle, American consular
agent at Luxemburg.
British Capture the
Grandcourt Village,
Says Official Report
London, Feb. 7. "As i result of
our continuous pressure on both
banks of the river Ancrc, the enemy
has been forced to evacuate the vil
lage of Grandcourt, which is now en
tirely in our possession," says the
British official communication issued
this evening.
Union Pacific to Open
Up a New Scenic Spot
The Union Pacific has about com
pleted the lineup for arrangements by
which during the coming season it
will take tourists into Little Zion
canyon, a section of country that,
it is asserted, contains more natural
attractions than the Yosemite Na
tional park.
The Little Zion is seventy-five miles
off the San Pedro line of road, this
distance south of Lund, Utah. Tour
ists will leave the railroad at Lund
and make the trip by automobile into
the canyon, where hotels are to be
erected. The road from Lund is
through fertile valleys and over
mountain ranges, ending in the can
yon that in places spreads out to
a mile in width, with sides 4,000 to
5,000 feet high.
Pioneer Papillion Woman
Is Dead at Her Home There
Mrs. Carl Niemann, aged 72 years,
died at her home in Papillion yester
day of paralysis. She had lived in
Papillion for thirty years. She leaves
three daughters and four sons. The
daughters are Mrs. C. H. Ross, wife
of Dr. Ross, Omaha, and Misses Alice
and Lillian Griffith. The sons arc
William Griffith of Salem, Mo., and
three sons still in England. The
funeral will be held at 1'aDillion Sat-
uraay at i p. m.
Fifth Nebraska Scheduled
At Fort Crook This Morning
The first troop train of the Fifth
Nebraska regiment left Kansas City
at 4:30 Wednesday afternoon and is
scheduled to arrive at Fort Crook at
12:30 this morning. The second troop
train left one hour behind the first,
and is scheduled to arrive at 1 :30.
Dispatch from Ambassador
Willard Indicates that He
May Have Left the
German Capital, ,
Report that He Would Be De
tained Until Bernstorff
Has Safe Conduct,
Paris, Feb. 7. A Havas dispatch
from Barcelona, Spain, says that
Ambassador Gerard will sail from that
port for the United States on a Span
ish transatlantic liner.
Washington, Feb. 7. Ambassador
Willard at Madrid reported to the
State department today that lie had
received a dispatch from Ambassador
Gerard, sent from Berne, Switzerland.
Although no word came from Am
bassador Gerard himself or from
American Minister Stovall at Berne,
the State dcpaitincnt interpreted Mr.
Wjllard's dispatch as indicating that
Mr. Gerard had left Berlin and got
ten as far as the Swiss capital
The fact that Mr. Gerard was not
expected to leave Berlin before Sun
day coupled with the possibility that
l.e may have sent a dispatch to Berne
to be transmitted to Ambassador Wil
lard makes it possible, however, that
Mr. Gerard has not left Germany, but
officials expect further advices during
the day.
The State department had sent to
Ambassador Willard a dispatch to be
forwarded to Ambassador Gerard in
Berlin ,which would be of value only
in case Mr. Gerard still were in the
German capital.
Ambassador Willard replied he had
whether he should forward the de
partment's dispatch to him there.
No direct report has been received
from Mr. Gerard or from the Ameri
can minister at Berne, bui word is
expected during the day which will
clarify .the situation. The last dis
patch from Mr. Gerard at Berlin was
dated February S.
.Step Aimed at Entente.
From European source Outside of
Germany the government has learned
that the German government actually
did consider Mr. Gerard practically
as a hostage until it received advices
from Washington detailing the ar
rangements made for the safe depar
ture of Count von Bernstorff.
It was disclosed today that on
Monday the State department sent a
long ' dispatch, giving the plans
worked out for the safe departure
of the former German ambassador
and his suite. Any plans German of
ficials might have entertained to re
strain the departure of Mr. Gerard
were then, of course, dropped.
The German gbvernment's action
is believed to have been more in the
nature of a move to compel a safe
return of Count yon Bernstorff
through the allied blockade rather
than any step against Mr. Gerard or
the United States.
In line with its policy of doinc
nothing to force further strained re
lations with Germany, it was officially
reiterated today that tire administra
tion is taking the greatest care to
sec that no right of any foreign gov
ernment or foreign property is vio
lated. It was added that the government
has nowhere seized German ships or
claimed title of any sort to them.
It was authoritatively declared on
behalf of the administration that the
only action taken has been to put
vessels and their crews under such
guard and protection as to prevent
anything being done which would ob
struct navigation or in any other way
violate the laws to which they would
in any case be subject. Only the
necessary precautions, it was said, are
being taken against violations of the
law of any sort
Statement by Baker.
Secretary Baker gave out the fol
lowing statement:
"In the harbors of Manila and else.
where in the Philiboine Islands and
at Colon, Fanama. the German mtr
chant vessels were discovered to have
had certain parts of their machinery
removed, ana in some instances evi
dences of preparation for the sinking
of these vessels had been made.
"Solely for the purposeof protect
ing the several harbors and other
shipping and property therein, steps
have been taken to prevent damage,
but none of the ships have been
seized by the government of the
United States and in all cases the
commanders and crews have been in
formed that the government of the
United States had made no seizures,
claims no right to the vessels and
does not deny the right of the com
mander and crew to dismantle the
vessels if they see fit, so long as the
destruction is accomplished in a way
which will not obstruct navigable port
waters or injure or endanger other
shipping or property.
"The breach of diplomatic rela
tions betweecn the governments of
the United States and Germany has
not changed the relation of these
ships or their crews to the govern
ment of the United States nor for
feited their right -to hospitality and
steps taken arc limited to necessary
police regulations to prevent injury to
the property of others or the obstruc
tion of harbor waters."
Gerard at Berlin Tuesday.
Berlin, Feb. '6. (Via London, Feb.
7.) The fr.rcign office thus far has
(Continued on Fate Two, Column Two)
1 Jstm''- 4hhr
i : -
fiAnm I TFT I 1TV TO
ADbLAlDli lb
British Admiralty Says Vessel
Given No Notice Before
Being Sent to Bottom,
London, Feb. 7. An official state
ment issued today by the British gov
ernment concerning the sinking by a
German submarine of the British pas
senger liner Port Adelaide says:
"The British steamer Port Ade
laide, carrying passengers ffom Lon
don to Australia, was torpedoed
without warning on Saturday by a
German submarine. The passengers
were rescued by the Dutch steamer
Samarinda and landed at Vigo. The
master, however, was made prisoner
aboard the submarine.
"Germany's withdrawal of its
pledge to the United States not to
sink passenger ships without due I
warning thus has been emphasized." I
Page Sends Orders.
Ambassador Page today forwarded
t oWesley Frost, the Americani con
sul at Cork, instructions from Wash
ington to obtain affidavits from mem
bers of the crew of the British steam
ship Eavestone.
The Eavestone, according to an of
ficial report, was sunk by a Gcrni.'Ji
submarine, which shelled the boats as
they were leaving the sinking steamer,
killing the captain and three seamen,
one of whom was Richard Wallace,
an American negro.
The Central News says it has
learned that the Belgian relief ship
Lars Kruse, which was sunk near the
Belgian coast on Monday, was tor
pedoed. Story of Palmleaf Crew.
The crew of the British steamer
Palmleaf assert that after their vessel
had been torpedoed by a German sub
marine the captain and chief engi
neer were made prisoners by the Ger
mans, who left the other members
of the ship's company in open boats.
German Dynamite
Plant is Blown Up;
200 Women Killed
Amsterdam, Feb. 7. (Via London.)
According to Les Nouvelles of
Maestricht, Holland, a dynamite fac
tory at Schlesbusch, near Cologne
was blown up on January 27, causing
the death of 200 persons, mostly
An explosion last Thursday on the
railway between Aix-La-Chapelle and
Louvain, this newspapor reports,
caused the death or injury of twcnt.v
six Belgian workmen.
Mexican Boys Work Manual
Of Arms Until Hands Blistered
Mexico City, Jan. IS. Many a
Mexican school boy has blisters on
his hands as a result of the military
training all scholars are compelled to
undergo, for the instruction is not
conhned to drill and manual bf arms,
but includes a thorough course in nick i
tuu anuvci wurr. in tne ircncncs.
The Campos de Anzurcs, or plains
lying near the castle of Chapultcpec,
are criss-crossed with a thorough sys
tem of trenches and fortifications con
structed by the cadets. On these
plains are staged sham battles at reg
ular intervals. The boys are instruct
ed by army officers and often arc
maneuvered with regular troops.
The Gulf Between
Terms in Jail or Fines for
Others Imposed by Judge
Woodrough. .
One year and one day in the gov
ernment penitentiary at Fort Leaven
worth, Kan., was the sentence im
posed upon Charles M. Thompson of
Omaha, banker, real estate operator
and convicted conspirator in the Ari
zona wild horse case, by Judge
Woodrough in federal court Wednes
day afternoon.
Four other, sentences were pro
nounced by Judge Woodrough, but
none of the penalties were as heavy
as the one imposed upon Thompson.
A. C. Smith of Omaha was sen
tenced to serve three months in the
Grand Island jail. Charles W. West
of Lincoln was fined $500, and upon
his inability to pay the hue was com
mitted to the Grand Island jail. R.
I a, liurwinkle of Llston, la., and John
I Bnlccy of Omaha were each fined
Postpones Action Two Weeks'.
William Ilinkly of Brayton, S. D.,
through his attorney, asked that the
court delay pronouncement of sen
tence upon him because, although a
man of considerable means, his prop
erty is so encumbered at the present
time it would take a few days for him
to raise the money to pay the, sum he
might be fined. Accordingly Judge
Woodrough postponed his case two
weeks. It is believed Ilinkly will be
given a somewhat larger fine than
the others who were fined.
Sentence was not pronounced upon
J. Sidney Smith of Omaha because
Smtili was taken ill while on his way
to Omaha and had to be removed
from the train at Mason City, la.
Sentence will be pronounced upon
him later.
Thompson and Smith, it is under
stood, will appeal. Those upon whom
fines were imposed, it is believed, will
pay. New bond for the same amount
must he given by Thompson, but
Smith's was reduced from $10,000 to
Doctors Divide on
Merits of Measure
Before Legislature
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
Lincoln, Feb. 7. (Special Tele
gram.) A large number of physicians
from lincoln, Omaha and points out
in the state held a seance with the
medical committees of the legislature
this evening in consideration of the
bills before the legislature, more es
pecially House Roll No. 124, known
as the Fox bill, which makes a rad
ical change in the health department
of the state, making three depart
ments, with a head for each.
Those favorablt to the bill were
headed by Dr. B. F. aBilev of Lin
coln. Among those who spoke were
Dr. Milroy, president of the State
Medical society; Dr. J. P. Lord of
Omaha, Dr. Miller of Broken Bow,
')r- 'rvm S. Cutter of the Omaha
Medical college, Dr. Diller of Auburn
and several others, including Attor
ney M. A. Hall, representing the
Omaha Commercial club. Dr. Cum
mins and Dr. Carr of the present
board of secretaries of the State
Board of Health, Dr. F. R. Wilinuth,
Dr. A. C. Shoemaker of Lincoln and
others spoke against the bill. The
committee took uo action.
Hardware Men of State Favor
Having Their Own People
in Organization.
The Nebraska Retail Dealers'
Hardware association is not in favor
of taking in the implement men as
associate members. This was- the
sentiment expressed at the afternoon
session Wednesday of the hardware
men's convention. The Midwest Im
plement Dealers' association had
made formal application for associate
membership in the hardware men's
The business of buying was the
subject discussed during most of the
forenoon. The discussion was led by
K. M. Healey of Dubuque, la. He
declared that a dealer must know how
to buy right and also that he cannot
expect to hold trade by buying only
the cheapest grades of stock. "You
can't hold trade," lie said, "unless
yon give the best service for the
money. Most of the profit must be
made through the careful buying of
Buy Advertised Goods.
The speaker urged the members to
buy nationally-advertised goods. "The
manufacturers are spending thousands
of dollars," he said, "to advertise and
make their particular product known
throughout the country. They are
educating the buying public to ask for
a certain brand, and you must carry
i he Nebraska Hardware Mutual
Insurance couiDanv. made un of mem
bers of the association, is to have a
few sessions of the policy holders
during the convention. fins com
pany has added to its assets, is in
creasing dividends, and has decided
to maintain the established board
rates which the inspection bureau is
fixing on rates throughout the state.
McAdoo's Brother
Denies Charge of
Thomas W.Lawson
Washington, Feb. 7. The congres
sional leak investigating committee
continued today its inquiry with the
question of concluding the hearings
still undetermined.
Malcom R. McAdoo, a brother of
Secretary McAdoo, hotly denied at
the inquiry today that he ever acted
as a "go-between" for the secretary
and C. D. Barney & Co., New York
brokers, in a Wall street deal, as re
ported to the committee by Thomas
W. Lawson.
Asks for Half Million to
Aid Americans in Europe
Washington. Feb. 7. An emer
gency appropriation of $500,000 for
relief, protection and transportation
of American citizens in Europe was
asked ot congress today by becre
tary Lansing.
The secretary did not mention spe
cifically the situation in which many
Americans in the Teutonic countries
are placed by the break with Ger
many, merely calling attention to the
continued extraordinary expenses of
the State department on account of
the war and suetrestinir that the ner-
atcly, "in view of apparent develop
ments in the international relations
of the I'nitcd States within the last,
few days."
! Crack Steamer of Anchor Line
Sent to Bottom by Mine or
Torpedo, with Probable
1 Loss of Life.
Vessel Carried Thirty-One Pas
sengers and Cre wof Hun
dred and Eighty-Fonr.
New York, Feb. 7. The British
passenger liner California, one of the
crack ships of the Anchor line fleet,
has been sunk off the coast of Ireland,
-with a probable loss of life. Messages
to the State department in Washing
ton and to the officers of the line
at New York today told of the catas
trophe, but did not say whether it
was torpedoed or struck by a mine.
The liner carried thirty-one passen
gers and a crew of 184, none of
whom, as far as is known, was an
American. Advices to the local of
fices said there were 160 survivors:
those to the State department from
Consul Frost at Queenstown that one
life was lost and that there were
"thirty hospital cases."
Carried Stern Gun,
The California was armed when it
left here with a stern gun, and car-'
ricd a cargo, including war supplies,
it was said.
The passengers, it was said by of
ficials of the line, were all British or
Canadian subjects. The British ship
ping commissioner here said that only
four members of the crew were
shipped at this port, none of them be
ing Americans. Tihe rest of the crew,
he said, was taken on at Glasgow and
he believed they were all British sub
jects. The vessel was due at Glasgow to
day or tomorrow.
Henderson Commander.
The California carried a crew of
184. It was commanded by Captain
John L. Henderson.
Although many in the passenger
list are recorded as coming from
American cities, it was explained by
the officials that all the passengers
were nevertheless British or Cana
dian, who either resided in them or
booked from them.
The California was built at Glasgow
in 1907 and is registered as a vessel
of 8,622 tons gross and 470 feet in
The California's general cargo of
supplies for the use of the British
government included munitions.
The Passenger List.
The California's passenger list fol
lows: Klrat Cabin J. h. Brouihton, Shanghai,
tWond Cabin Mra. A. Smith, Mr. J.
Kldd, Edith Hmlth (Infant), Calgary, Al
berta; Mr. and Mra. J. W. Anderaon and
eon, Vancouver, B. C; Mr. and Mra. A.
Ollrhrtm, New York City; Mlna Roea Mar
tin. White Plalna, N. v.: Ale Martin, De
trait, Mich.; Mra. A. Outhlll, Caapar, Wyo. :
Mra. Mary J. O'Donnell, Maater Cornelia
O'Donnell, Maater Jemea O'Donnell, Mlaa
Mary O'Donnell, .Philadelphia: Nell ailliea.
New York City.; Mlaa Margaret MaoLeog,
New York City: Mlaa Madge Roberta, To
ronto, Ont.j Mlaa Annie Chamber, Flrtfe
Cliff. N. Y.
Third CabinJ. Anderaon, Boaton, Maaa.;
Mlaa Margery Blnclalre, Boaton; Mra. Jeanto
McKlnley, Bridgeport, Conn.; Mlaa Jeaala
Rnbertaon, Buffalo. N. Y.; Mra. Margarat
Little, Maater John Little, Mlaa May Little,
Ml Margaret Little, Maater Andrew Little,
New York City; Alfred Knoa, New York
City; Mlaa Annie Porbea, Toronto, Ont.
British Liner Sunk.
Washington, Feb. 7. Sinking of the
British liner California," New York
for Glasgow, off the coast of Ireland,
was reported to the State department
late today in a dispatch from Con
sul Frost at Queenstown.
The report said there was one life
lost and "thirty hospital cases" and
gave no other details of the catas
trophe. Consul Frost's dispatch was as
"Anchor line California has been
sunk; bound Glasgow, presumably
from New York; 200 persons on
board; one death, thirty hospital
cases; survivors reach rere late to
night." Casper Woman on Board. ':
Casper, Wyo., Feb. 7. Mrs. Alex
ander Cuthill, a passenger on board
the liner California, sailed two weeks
ago to visit her parents in Scotland.
She is the wife of a foreman for a
sheep grower. She is a native of
Mrs. Cuthill's husband recently
took out first naturalization papers
and filed on a homestead claim near
you an extra room
which is being kept
warm and no one to
occupy it.
Phone Tyler 1000
and let a small want
ad fill that room and
help to pay the coal
Competent ad writers
at your service.
Yon are as close to t
The Bee Want-Ad Dept.
as your phone is to you.