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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 1, 1917)
rmany to Wage Unrestricted Sea War
The Omaha Daily Bee
VOIi XL VI. NO. 195.
OMAHA, THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 1, 1917. TWELVE PAGES.
0 Trains, it HoNI
Nffwt StMtJa, afo, M
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
Ight or Day
" Tyler 1000.
ouuuu. unni i
Germany Will Place Policy of
Unreserved Nival Warfare
in Effect the First Day
UNITED STATES IS NOTIFIED
Barred Zones Fixed, Inside of
Which Submarines Will
Strike Without Mercy.
WARNING GIVEN NEUTRALS
Rerlin (fly Wireless to Sayville),
Jan. .11. The German government
declared for unrestricted naval war
fare in a note to President Wilson.
The German government's decision
to adopt a policy of unreserved naval
warfare will take effect February 1. .
The official statement, issued today
by the German government, an
nounces that neutral ships plying
within the new barred zones will do
so at their own risk. Precautions
will lie taken to protect neutral ships
which sailed for those zones prior to
Neutrals arc urgently advised to
warn their vessels on 'the way to
ports in the barred zones and direct
(hem away from these areas. Neu
Iral ships in port within barred zones
Will be given until February 5 to sail
and must take kW) shortest route out
of the restricted areas.
Text of Kaiser's Note.
The note which was handed to
James W. Gerard, the American am
"Your excellency had the kindness
to communicate on the 22d of this
month the message which the presi
dent of the I'nited States on the same
day addressed to the American senate.
T he imperial government took knowl
edge of the contents of the message
with that earnest attention which is
becoming to the explanations of the
president, inspired by his sense of re
sponsibility. "It affords it great satisfaction to
state that the general lines of this
remarkable manifestation in the wid
est sense agree with the principles
and wishes of Germany and its allies.
To these belong in the first place the
right of self-government and the equal
rights of all nations. Recognizing
' '.his principle, Germany would glad
ly welcome it if nations like Ireland
and India, which do not enjoy the
blessings of an independent state,
should now obtain liberty. - .
German Alliances Unselfish,
"Alliances which drive nations into
competition for hegemony and incline
them toward any selfish intrigues are
likewise refused by the German peo
ple. On the other hand, it is enthu
siastic for co-operation in all endeav
ors which aim at the prevention of
future wars. The freedom of the seas
as a preliminary condition for free
and peaceful intercourse between na
tions, as well a the open door for
tiadc, always have been guiding prin
ciples of German policy.
"Germany, in the peace to be con
cluded with Belgium, merely wanted
to take precautionary measures so
that that country, which the imperial
government wishes to live in good
neighborly relations, could not be ex
ploited by adversaries for the promo
tion of hostile ettempts. Such a pre
caution is all the more urgently
needed, since hostile persons in
power in repeated speeches, and es
pecially in the resolutions of the
Paris economic conference, declared
their unveiled intention even after
the restoration of peace not to
recognize Germany as of equal right,
but rather continue to fight in sys
"The attempt of the four allied
ontlnnd on Faro Nino, Column Four.)
For Nebraska Fair and continued cold.
Temperatures at Omaha Yesterday,
Comparative Local Record.
, 4 117. 1916. 1MS.1M4.
Highest yesterday... $ J 35 40
Lowest yesterday. . . .10 3 37 31
Mean temperature... 2 3 31 36
Precipitation OJ .00 .20 .00
Temperature and precipitation departures
from the normal at Omaha since March 1
and compared with the last two years:
Normal temperature 21
Deficiency for the day " 23
Total excess since March 1 238
Normal precipitation 02 inch
Excess for the day 00 Inch
Total rainfall since March 1. .. .17.30 Inches
Deficiency Mince March 1 12.60 Inches
Deficiency for cor. period, 1916., .63 inch
Deficiency for cor, period, 1014.. 2.36 inchas
Reports From Htattons at 7 P. M.
Station and State Temp. High- Raln-
01 weatner. 7 p. m.
Cheyenne, cloudy 4
Davenport, snow 28
Denver, cloudy. ...... . 10
Des Moines, cloudy.... 3
Dodge City, cloudy..,. 8
Dander, clear 0
North Platte, clear.... 8
Omaha, clear 8
Pueblo, clear 14
Kapld City, clear 20
Halt Lake City, cloudy M
Nherldan. clear ....... 20
Hloux City, cloudy 14
Valentine, clear 10
"T." Indicates trace of precipitation.
Indicates below sero.
I A. WELSH, Meteorologist.
v f a. 8 ft- m 6
lzQJHJ(gj 7 a. m c
7 p. m g
P. m in
Situation Resulting From Ger
man Manifesto Regarded by
Officials as Very Grave.
EXPECT SOME MOVE SOON
Washington, Jan. 31. Germany's
declaration of unrestricted naval war
fare, assumed to mean the sinking
without warning of passenger and
freight vessels the course which the
Uniteu States in the Sussex negotia
tions gave warning would cause the
American government, to sever diplo
matic relations was received here with
the most profound surprise. There
had been no official hint that such
a development was coining.
Preliminary reading of the note by
officials was followed by expressions
which gave the impression that the re
sulting situation was viewed with ex
treme gravity. Prompt action was ex
pected. Will See no Callers.
President Wilson was In his office
when the text of the German note be
gan coming on Associated Press wires
and copies were sent to him as re
ceived. He would see no callers. The
Statement department closed for the
, The State epartment closed for the
day soon after Ambassador von Bern
storff delivered the note, identical
with that handed'Ambassador Gerard
at Berlin. Secretary Lansing went
home without seeing the president or
making any comment.
Wilson's "Last Words."
The decision as to what the course
of the American government shall be
lies with the president, who in the
final note on the Sussex case said:
"If it is still the purpose of the
imperial government to prosecute re
lentless and indiscriminate warfare
against vessels of commerce by the
use of submarines without regard to
j what the United States must consider
I the sacred and indisputable rules of
i international law and the universally
recognized dictates of humanity, the
i government of the United States is at
! last forced to the conclusion that
there is but one course it can pursue.
"Unless the imperial government
should now immediately declare and
effect an abandonment of its present
methods of submarine warfare against
passenger and freight carrying vessels
the government of the United States
can have no choice but to sever dip
lomatic relations with the German
empire altogether. This action, the
government of the United States,
contemplates with the greatest
Ittctance, but feels constrained to take
it in behalf of humanity and the rights
of neutral nations." ;
Would Put Capitol :
Building Up for Sale
To Highest Bidder
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
Lincoln, Jan. 31. (Special Tele
gram.) Putting the state capitol up
to the highest bidder is a new scheme
involved in a bill introduced in the
legislature today by Stuhr of Hall
county. The bill provides that any
town in the state may bid for the lo
cation and make any offer of land it
The promoters believe that if the
state can be donated several sections
of land the capitol building for be
set in the center and the value of the
land around will be enhanced so
much that enough of it can be sold to
furnish enough money to pay for the
Sunk by Subsea;
Over Hundred Lost
Paris, Jan. 30. Official announce
ment was made here tonight that the
transport Admiral Magon, which was
taking 950 soldiers to Saloniki, es
corted by the destroyer Arc, was tor
pedoed by a submarine on January 25.
Of those on board 809 were saved.
A statement from the German ad
miralty on Monday said that on Jan
uary 25 a German submarine, at a
point about 250 miles east of Malta,
sank an armed hostile transport
steamer which was proceeding east
ward, convoyed by a French torpedo
boat. The steamship, which was filled
with troops, was said to have gone
down in ten minutes.
German Policy on Land and
Sea Agreed on at Camp
London, Jan. 31. Chancellor von
Bethmann-flollweg and Foreign Sec
retary Zimmerman have returned to
Berlin from headquarters at the front
whereV a complete agreement on
measures to be taken ,by Germany
on land and water was reached, ac
cording to a Berlin telegram trans
mitted by Reuter's Amsterdam cor
respondent. Philadelphia Grain
Exports Show Big Gam
Philadelphia, Jan. 31. Grain ex
ports from this port last year ex
ceeded by nearly 5,000,000 bushels
those of 1915, according to statistics
made public today by the commer
cial exchange. The exports for 1916
were 49,358,685 bushels, as against
44,558,673 bushels in 1915.
Minimum Wage Bill
For Women Advanced
(From r Staff Corrnpon1.nt.)
Lincoln, Jan. 31. (Special.) The
labor committee boosted out a bill, H.
R. 34, fixing a minimum wage of $1.50
a day for female workers and $1 a day
for apprentices of that sex.
Tilre dip nor
ihlo urn ii!
Snow Ceases Fallin,
Goes Down, Is RepoWrhat
Comes From Out in Ne
braska and West.
OMAHA ROAD BLOCKADED
Union Pacific Gets Through
Wyoming Drifts and Again
Starts Trains Moving.
COLDER THIS MORNING
Home Cold Hpotp.
Harm. Moat 'BImaia IS
Helena 2 North Platte Ill !
, Hhrrldaa 3 Tlrrre. s. n It
I Wllllnlon. S.D.... HWaeiln 48:
Rapid Itr SO H iitnepef 3ft
Valentino I Omaha I
Moorhead. Minn.. 16;
The blizzard that raged all yester
day in northwest Nebraska abated
last night, but temperatures continued
to fall and reports received at head
quarters of the railroads operating
west predicted that all through the
northern and western portions of Ne
braska. 18 to 24 degrees below zero
would he the rule this morning.
O'Neill at 7 o'clock last night re
ported 21 degrees below zero; Staple
ton, 20; Emerson, Grand Island, Kear
ney, Sidney and Callaway, 18; Crof
ton. Long Pine, 22,- and Winner, S.
Agents at most of the railroad sta
tions reported that he wind ceased
blowing early in the evening, though
along the Omaha road in the north
ern counties of the state, a blizzard
was on at 8 o'clock. The Wakefield
and Crofton branches or the road
l were blocked and no effort was made
; to keep trains moving, owing to the
! severity of the storm and the intense
Getting Trains Through.
The Burlington, Northwestern and
Union Pacific late last night reported
that their trains were moving, though '
mot on time. Out through the terri
tory where they were operating, the
wind had died down and the snow had
stopped blowing. No new snow had
fallen since noon.
Union Pacific officials asserted that!
the blockade through Wyoming had
been raised and that trains. were mov
ing over the .entire system, thougH-'not
Burlington trains were making
fairly good time, though they were
encountering the coldest weather of
the winter in Wyoming, where a num
ber of stations reported temperatures
of 24 to 30 below zero. Through east
ern Wyoming, along the line of the
Burlington, the snow ceased falling
shortly after noon yesterday, but the
wind blowed a gale until evening.
To Last Several Days.
The cold spell, according to the
weather man, will last at least for
Through the storm belt four to six
inches of snow fell Tuesday night,
but ceased in the morning. This
snow was driven along by a wind
that had been blowing from thirty
to forty miles per hour since early
afternoon. As a result, the snow has
drifted badly, greatly interfering with
train service. Passenger trains are
run into the storm belt with snow
plows ahead and even then they are
two to four hours behind schedules.
Freight trains carrying stock are
hurried to stations where there is
feed and yardage and there the ani
mals are unloaded. Other freights
have been annulled.
Along the Union Pacific there was
little snow over the Nebraska lines
until the extreme western part of the
state was reached. There the fall was
four to six inches during the night,
but the weather cleared in the morn
ing. Difficult Task in Wyoming.
Tuesday afternoon out through
Wyoming, the Union Pacific cleared
one of the tracks of the main line
and rushed a lot of passenger trains
through, some sixteen reaching
Omaha. During the early evening it
began to snow and drift and the cuts
that had been cleared were again
filled. The storm, however, continued
only a few hours. More than 500
shovelers and four rotary snow plows
were started and before noon the
track was again cleared and trains
were moving. The wind died down,
so no more trouble is anticipated for
a time, at least. Trains are now
running both east and west through
the blockade zone.
Work of opening the second track
of the main line is progressing slowly.
The snow, mixed with sand and dirt,
has become as hard as rock and can
not be moved by the rotaries. The
workmen have resorted to dynamite
and it is being used in removing the
Trains from the north arc experi
encing great difficulty in getting
through that portion of the blizzard
that struck Minnesota. Both the
Omaha road and the Great Western
have been unable to get in their St.
Paul trains, of Tuesday and all the
officials here know about them is that
somewhere in Minnesota they arc
stuck in the snow. Trains were sent
north as usual yesterday, the hope
having been expressed that the block
ade would be lifted before they
reached the storm belt.
South Dakota Roads Blocked.
Sioux Falls, S. D., Jan. 31. The
storm which swept over South Da
kota yesterday still was unabated to
day and with the strong gale accom
panying it the snow is being drifted
about, seriously impeding railroad
traffic throughout the state and caus
ing much loss and suffering among
I (Continued on Paie Nine, Column Three.)
WHICH IS THE MILLIONAIRE? Impossible, you see, to tell rich man from poor man if
they're wrecked together on tome desert island. Money counts in many things, but not in
alVNot in the real big things the essential things. It's character that comes in then.
NO CIGARETTES HERE
FOR LOVE OR CASH
Grand Juryitia Seizes Tobac-
, conists and "Pills" Are
SOUND OF DICE ABSENT
Were you one of the many who
tried to buy cigarettes in Omaha yes
terday and found yourself out of
If you're a cigarette smoker and
didn't have as much as a day's sup
ply in your case (if you've got a
case) when you went down to work
in the morning, you were.
The reason was an epidemic which
visited Omaha early in the week
Rumors that the grand jury is mak
ing a thorough investigation into the
sale of the little paper editions of
Milady Nicotine tomtnors obviously
threw an adult-sized scare in practi
cally all downtown venders of smok
ers' supplies, and narry a "pill" was
to be had for love or money.
It seems that the law governing the
sale, or rather nonsale, of cigarettes
takes in the populace at large, regard
less ot age.
Take No Chances. j
Evidently cigar store men were
taking no chances, with the result I
that cigarettes and cigarette papers j
were as scarce as French pastry in
The larger downtown cigar stores
were not selling cigarettes over their
counters. Even the "best customers"
were informed firmly and politely
that there was "absolutely nothing
stirring." It is said that the "pill lid"
will be on until the epidemic of grand
juryitis subsides. The little ivory
and celluloid cubes, commonly
known as dice, with which those who
like to "take a chance" are wont to
shake for the smokes, also were con
spicuous by their absence.
No Leak Visible.
The present grand jury is setting a
mark for other star chamber bodies
to shoot at when it conies to real,
tantalizing secrecy. Unusual precau
tions have been taken to insure
against possible 'leaks" and any in
formation oozing out of the closely
guarded room on the fourth floor of
the court house is pretty well stripped
o' its rough, readable surface by the
time it sees the light of the outside
After a short session Tuesday after
noon the inquisitorial body knocked
off business for the day, sixteen jury
men assembling early, however, again
the next morning. Only a few wit
nesses were subpoenaed and ex
amined on the morning of the third
day's session and the jurors did not
leave their chambers until noon.
To Study H. C. L.
Persistent rumors that the grand
jury will delve into a H. C. of L.
probe soon were further substan
tiated when County Attorney Mag
ney admitted that of late numerous
complaints had been made to him in
regard to the soaring price of eggs,
butter, potatoes, milk and other com
modities. The county attorney and
his assistants only smiled when cer
tain questions were put to him, but
didn't hesitate to say that his office
would "co-operate with the grand
jury in any investigations it might
make and push to the limit com- j
plaints the body decided should be
acted upon." I
CONSPIRACY TO KILL
Three Women and Man Are
Charged- with Plotting to ,,,
Murder Lloyd George.
PLANNED TO USE POISON
Derby,- Jan. 31. Mrs. Alice
Wheeldon, her two daughters and the
husband of one of them, Alfred
George Mason, were charged at the
Guild hall here today with conspiring
to murder Premier Lloyd George and
Arthur Henderson, member of the
House of Commons and of the war
Information laid by an inspector of
Scotland Yard charged that "the de
fendants on divers days between De
cember 25 and the date of laying this
information did amongst themselves
unlawfully and wickedly conspire,
confederate and agree together
against the'Right Honorable David
Lloyd George and the Right Honora
ble Arthur Henderson, willfully and
with malice aforethought, to kill and
murder, contrary to the offences
against persons act of 1861, and
against the peace of our lord, the
king, his crown and dignity." The
information is signed by A. H. Bod
kin, prosecuting on behalf of the
After formal evidence concerning
the arrest had been given the case
was adjourned until Saturday.
Mrs. Whecldon, who is 50 years
old, resides in Derby with her daugh
ter, Ann, aged 27, who is a school
teacher here. Mason, who is 24, is
a chemist of Southampton.
On being arrested the defendants
denied any knowledge of the charge.
They declined to make any state
ment. Planned to Use Poison,
London, Jan! 31. The Daily
"The police have unearthed what
is believed to be a plot to murder the
premier, with the result that Mrs.
Wheeldon of Derby, Miss Hetty
Wheeldon, her daughter; Mrs. Ma
son, another daughter, and Alf Ma
son, the latters husband, have been
arrested. They were taken to the
police station and formally charged
with conspiring to murder Mr. Lloyd
George. They will be taken before
a magistrate at Derby on Wednes
day. It is understood only formal
evidence will be given then, but later
in the week the charges will be thor
"The details are yet unknown, but
it is understood the conspirators
aimed at causing the premier's death
Henry Wredi Dangerously
Hurt in Auto Accident
Henry Wredi, Twenty-fourth and
L, South Side, may die and Billy
Kline, well known young cattleman,
and C. Collins, both of Avery, Neb., a
few miles from Omaha, were seriously
hurt yesterday afternoon, when the
auto hi which they were riding was
struck by a street car at Twenty
fourth and O streets.
All three of the injured men were
taken to the South Side hospital for
Kline and Collins, while badly hurt,
will be out in a few days, but physi
cians said the condition of Wredi is
DOES NOT KNOW .
llfHEREHE GOT IT
Member of Washington Tira
- Says- Tip - Did Not " Come
Through Mr. Boiling. .
HIS CLIENTS LOSE $40,000
New York, Jan. 31. F. A. Connolly,
the Washington brokel-, who supplied
E. F. Hutton & Co., New York
brokers, with a remarkably accurate
forecast of the contents of the pres
ident's peace note on December 20,
declared repeatedly and emphatically
at the "leak inquiry" today -that all
of his information was based on gos
sip and rumors of persons whose
names he could not remember.
F. A. Connolly was called to the
stand this afternoon. He was first
asked as to the organization of his
firm. H. W. Robertson and' the wit
ness were the original members of
the firm, organized in August, 1916,
Connolly arranged, he said, to have
the Hutton firm act as his New York
correspondents in July, and he talked
to Hutton of K. W. Boiling eventually
entering the firm. He first met Boil
ing "two or three years ago in a so
Connolly said that he broached
to Boiling the matter of entering
partnership with him. He bought
his scat on the stock exchange Oc
tober 13 and at the same time Boi
ling entered the firm.
"I was the partner," said the wit
ness, "who was in actual charge of
the business." Boiling was not so
frequently in the office as he was, the
witness continued, but was probably
on duty "two or three hours a day."
Boiling merely had a' clientele whom
he kept in touch with market affairs,
Whipple then took up the mes
sages that passed between Connolly
and the Hutton house on Decem
Connolly said he had no copies of
any of these messages. He said he
always wrote messages, handed them
to his operator and never saw them
New York, Jan. 31. Finding fur
ther examination today of E. F. Hut
ton barren of result as far as showing
the origin of ihe information n which
the stock brokerage firm of E. F. Hut
ton & Jo. warned its customers that
President Wilson's peace note was to
be issued, the congressional "leak"
investigating committee today decided
to summon George A. Ellis, jr., the
member of the firm who wrote the
warning telegram. Ellis, according to
Hutton, is ill in Georgia, but the com
mittee, nevertheless, decided that he
F. A. Connolly of F. A. Connolly &
Co., the Washington brokers who
furnished the Hutton firm with the
information, was expected ;o take the
stand later today. Connolly on his
arrival from Washington denied that
the information came through R. W.
Boiling, the president's brother-in-law,
and a member ji his firm. He
said that it was gathered merely from
general talk around Washington.
Few Heeded Warning.
Hutton today said that although in
possession of the information as to
the president's note at least two hours
before the market close . on Decem
ber 20, neither he or any of his eight
(Continue! oa Pace Mnc, Column You.)
NEW LIQUOR LAW
QUITE BONE DRY
Bill Sent to Legislature by
Joint Committee to Give
Force to Prohibi.
PERSONAL USE RESTRICTED
General Provision of Proposed
Law Stringent in Re
straint of Liquor.
NO LOOPHOLES ARE LETT
The bill prepared or enforce
ment of prohibition in Nebraska,
Introduced in the legislature by a
Joint committee of the two houses,
Intoxicating liquor is any berer.
age that contains over one-hall of
1 per cent of alcohol.
For personal use half a gallon of
vinous, three gallons of malt, or
one quart of iplrituooa liquor to
an individual each thirty days, but
only one kind.
Governor to have extraordinary
powera to enforce law.
Common carriers strictly regu
lated ae to delivery.
Advertisement of liquor forbid
den. Solicitation of contracting for
Giving information aa to where
liquor can be obtained made a mil
demeanor. Possession of liquor presumptive
evidence of intent to violate law.
Government tax stamp prima facie
evidence of violation.
Stringent regulation! for whole,
sale and retail druggists, and for
use of alcohol for medicinal, sacra
mental or mechanical purposes.
Removal of delinquent or negli
Condemnation of premise!.
Permits person! or societies to
participate in enforcement of law.
Forbids clubs or other combina
tions, or any public place of enter
tainment from aiding or abetting
in violation of law.
.Repeals Slocum . law. -and all
Takei effect May 1, 1917. ?.';.
The bill to enforce the prohibitory
amendment, prepared by a subcom
mittee of a joint committee of the
senate and house, and introduced in
the legislature yesterday, contains
fifty-four sections and the emergency
clause. It is not a "bone dry" bill,
but limits personal use of intoxicant!
within rather narrow confines. It
leaves no loopholes.
Liquor for Personal Use.
Section 23, which deals with "Lim
itations of Personal Use of Liquor,"
reads; "Not more than one member
ot a family occupying the same pri
vate dwelling or house shall receive
more than one-half gallon of vinous
liquors, or three gallons of malt liq
uors, or one quart of spirituous liquors,
or moie than one kind of the three
liquors oetore specihed within thirty
days." This section also forbids the
crivinff of Itmtnra in anvnn- -vnfr
members of the immediate family, j
Delivery of Liquor.
SeCtinil 21. Hpalinfir uilh rnnm
carriers, makes it unlawful for any
common carrier or agent to deliver,
oermit. aid or aher in th J.liv
any person, within a period of thirty
luiisctuuvc nays, or more man two
quarts of vinous liquor, or twenty
four nints nf maltH nr f-m.an,.j
liquor or one quart of spirituous liq
uor; or to aeuver tne same on Sun
day, or on anv w-rlr Hsv K-(n-. 7
o'clock in the morning or after S
unum in ine evening, ino deliveries
are to be made unless the original con
signee makes and swears to an af
fidavit which shall state that he is
the original consignee, that the pack
age contains a statrl amAi,n, -...I I.: ,
of liquor, that he has not received
intoxicating liquor irom any carrier
or otherwise within th- nac- ,u:.,..
days, and that he does not possess
any except sucn amount as he shall
This section provides that the liq.
uor shall not be delivered to the ap
plicant for the package unless the
agent or the delivering carrier is sat
isfied as to the identity of the ap
plicant. It provides that the affidavits
signed and sworn to by the con
sienee shall be mad in ,l,,i;,..,.-
and that one copy shall be filed with
tne county cierK and one copy with
IContlntiod on fa Two, Column ThnoJ
You can save Steps,
Time and Trouble by
You will save money
whether you phone,
bring or send it in, be
cause The Bee's rate
lc per word
is less than that of
any other Omaha
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