Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 31, 1917, Page 4, Image 4

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    THE BEE: OMAHA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 31, 1917.
The Omaha Bee
DAILY QtORNINO-mNlNQ-SUNDAT
FOUNDED BY EDWARD ROSE WATER.
VICTOR ROSEWATER, EDITOR
THE BEE FUBLISHIHQ COMPANY. PROFBIETOR.
Intend at Omaha portottice aa awond-tlm matter.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Dill; an miv par mm. e
DUW allem SUDaal "
Erathu ana Saedu "
Crcnlag wltarat Baeiir " Se
Suadar Bee eaa ' l
Sen. of caenae of aodieaa ar tonsalatuy la
a GUvaUtiam Saperiakad.
Br Had
fear, e.S8
I.W
(.at
4.
' t.ti
, II. at
Renrit a? amft. i
ml ar I
E1IITTANCE.
ar faetat arte. Oalr MM
OFFICES.
Onrta-Ylw Bee TMMhif, CMoeee Wrt Ota Ttaknaf.
Some Oneae-UM N SL Hew Tint 888 Jilt ilm
Ctanei Blm-H . Ma ft. Be Lan-j BX at Onnaaiiil,
- CORRESPONDENCE.
ASflfea) eoawnmtaattaaa lalaUaf le Ban and adHonal
hatan See, Sattarlel PeHaiuamt
. DECEMBER CIRCULATION
53,368 Daulyndy 50,005
A Mr tat irratelten for laa am .natd aad two la kr Dale
wuuaaw, ureaiau
aaaaciiWra taavsaf Dm ally eaa.ua have TTes Baa
BiaUad a Atm. Aetere.. dun aaaltaa aa leqaeille
Tell your troubles to th grand jury and cease
worrying. v - i;-'.
i , In its hone meat butcher, shop New York has
eue enterprise Omaha will not insist on emulating.
! ,' '.i, J2Sa "':
Still- Omaha is only one -of acorn of citiei
where school accommodation i fall short of the
demand.
, At any, rate, the literacy testae to affords one
instance where President Wilson has not changed
his mind.- -::' '.
. As usual, the expected happens. The "peace
leak" quiz scores a larger assortment of denials
" than assertions.. . . . . i
' Burlington money for improvements in Omaha
will be jutt aa welcome as Union Pacific money
or Northwestern money.
Omaha can have municipal home rule if it
really wants it, but the job must be done here at
- h,ome and not at Lincoln. . ,
' Having no reason to expect much from the
present Douglas delegation, Omaha will have no
right to feel disappointed. ..V. ;
it The great Variety of "bone dry" bills going
through legislative hoppers puts a timely crimp
on the boom in the bone dust market, , '
: While Omaha'a "Welcome Archf radiates cor
diality on its face, its real glad-hand smile goes
with the treasury touch.' It isn't worth the
money? " , t
7( - .1 .' as . .i. . . 1 1 i V' M
I Should the Missouri court decision stand, the
rmy becomes a aafe refuge fop wife deserters.
In such cases safety puts a magnum of ginger in
patriotic service. ' ' .
Six additional gold-lace colonels on Governor
Neville's staff! A few more and there wilt be
enough to organize a regiment made op exclu
sively of colonels. 1
" Preliminary estimates of the national defense
hill for the coming fiscal year total $800,000,000.
The high coat of living has nothing on the rising
cost of national safety insurance. '
Of course, it is past history now, but would
it not have been better for ail concerned had the
Burlington built up its car shops in Omaha in
stead of at Plattamouth and at Havelock? ;
. Almost every day is a record day if the South
Side market In former' times beef,' pork and
mutton prices readily ascended the stairs. High
living and consequent heft makea the elevator a
daily necessity. ' r'f - " ' v ...
Incidentally, it will be eaaier to make Omaha
great industrial center if the tax rate ia kept
down to reasonable limits. Let us(not forget
that in bidding for new enterprises Omaha must
compete with other cities keeti tea take advantage
of every differential in their favor.
- While revising the primary law provision
should be made for party enrollment or registra
tion of political affiliation throughout the state
as well aa in registration cities, aa sow. ; None
but member of the respective political parties
should be permitted to bare a voice in making
the party oominationa. '
'. What ..wit 1 tnt.st h... ,4 J '
.' - wjvvw. ... ...v.. iit vitt iiaun,t UUKH
is the county hospital situation any more than
other officials? The courts have a direct contact
with jail and workhouse or detention home for
delinquents and possibly with the custody of the
iauc, but they have nothing whatever to do
with the matter of medical treatment for the des
titute aick.. ,r -
T. R.'s Description of a Forest
- r 'Tkeeetora Raaaavalt, ia Scrftaar's-
Iii the heat and moisture of the tropic the
struggle .for life among the forest trees and plants
is far more intense than in the north. The trees
Stand close together, tall and straight, and most
of them without branches, until a great height has
been reached, fori they are striving toward the
' aun.jBnd to reach it they must devote all their
, energies to producing a stem which will thrust its
crown of leaves out of the gloom below into the
riotoj sunljght which bathes the billowy green
upper plane of the forest. ; .
i A huge buttressed giant keeps all the neigh
lionng trees dwarfed until it falls and yields its
place to the sunlight to the most instantly vigor
Jus of the trees it formerly suppressed.
. i Near the streams the forests are almost impas
sible, so thick is th tangle below, but awav fmm
the streams the walking is easier, because only a
few bushes and small trees grow in the perpetual
Wiade. To the newcomer one unending wonder is
the mass of vines, the lianas or bush ropes; every
where they hang from the summits of the trees
or twist around the trunka, or lace them together.
A few kill the trees; most aeem to do them no
damage, ; Some are huge, twisted, knotted cables,
dragging down the branches around which they
are wrapped, and themselves servinar aa auniutrta
for lesser vines that twine around them. Others
siretcti up. up, as straight and slender as the
hroiidt of a ship, until they are lost overhead in
lire arcen ceiling ot interlocked leaf and branch.
Oi most of the trees I did not know the mmu
lu among the. tallest were the mora, with huge
fl wig buttresses, and the greenheart, with its
"white trunk. It was unending pleasure fo walk
I'Tungh the towering forest. In the shade it was
aUas coot, even jt midday." There was no wind.
All sounds seemed faint and far away.' Under the
solemn archways of the trees it was dim and mys-
Control of Public Utilities.
The oft-fought iaaue of control of public utili
ties is to come up again before the legislature at
Lincoln where bills are pending to vest exclu
sive jurisdiction in the State Railway commission.
Similar proposals have heretofore been defeated
in successive legislatures aa invasions of the home
rule powers of the municipalities served by these
utilities, but we may well fear that the pin are
set for the present democratic legislature to "put
It over," especially since the local democratic
organ, which used, to make a play of fighting state
control, ia showing sia;ns of "kicking in" and in
this, doubtless tips off a deal made by the demo
cratic bosses.
To cover the tracks, the 'World-Herald pre
tends that the question ia analagous to that of
railroad regulation, one school of thought favor
ing exclusive federal control and another favor
ing federal control only for interstate traffic and
state control within each state. The question,
however, is not analagous where the public
utility serves the inhabitant of the municipality
and the state outside is not directly concerned.
The telephone, as part of a state and national'
system of communication, might call for central
control, but why ahould a gaa company and an
electric lighting company, serving Omaha, be
regulated from Lincoln? Had we adopted our
home rule charter, thus acquiring constitutional
sanction for the city's control of it own public
utilities, this controversy would have been aettled
and would not now have come up. The public
service corporations affected, we know, would
lijce to get out from under the locaj control, at
least that has been their policy in other states,
but the very fact that they prefer long distance
regulations, by a commission whose members
come from towns that have no such public utilities
whatever, does not necessarily commend it. It
remains to be aeen whether this legislature will
shoulder responsibility for a questionable schema
repeatedly rejected by its predecessors.
1 '. Omaha t Grain Market.
In the few years that have elapsed since the
coming of the Chicago Great Western threw
down the barrier, the other railroads had erected
around Omaha, a grain market of first importance
haa been built up here. Those railroads which
did moat to hinder the establishment and de
velopment of the traffic here are now entering
on a newer and better policy, that of making pro
visions that will ensure then) ample share in the
local traffic, which ha come to be such an im
portant factor in the railroads' business. This
will give impetus to the trade, and Omaha now
is well set on the way to a commanding position
as a primary grain msvrkei. It ahould be more
than that, however. Millions of bushels of grain
now shipped from Nebraska comes back in form
of flour. The milling industry ia in its infancy
here, and requires a little encouragement, but if
the energy that forced recognition for the grain
market is devoted to support of making this
grain into' flour, a aimilar success may be ex
pected. Last week'' at St. Joseph ground was
broken for the erection of a huge mill that wilt
be devoted exclusively to grinding durum wheat,
most of which wilt be grown in Nebraska. Is
there any real reason why Omaha can not have
mills ai well as elevators why wheat can not be
ground as well as cleaned and graded here? .
' Literacy Teat Again Vetoed. "? b . v j.
The second-time veto by President Wilson of
the literacy test immigration bill commands our
approval and endorsement because it is quite in
line with the steadfast position of The Bee on this
subject. We have argued over and over again that
ability to read and write is no proper gauge of the
worthiness of an immigrant' coming here to make
hi home with us and enjoy the blessings of lib
erty and opportunity denied him in hi native
land.-.. - v v:
In re-drafting the measure, after the last veto,
the extreme restrictionists sought to escape the
most persistent opposition, by providing an ap
parent loophole for illiterates who should prove
that they came to escape religious or political
persecution. This would be a mskeshift at best
and leave these unfortunates at the mercy of arbi
trary decision for or against their admission by
the immigration officials. More than that, aa
Preaident Wilson points out, it would constitute
a continuous source of embarrassment to our
diplomatic relatione with countries whose laws
we might be called upon to construe as furnishing
ground for application of this exemption clause.
The whole question, however, goes down
deeper to the basic principle of the republic
founded on the right of expatriation and the cor
related recognition of the moral right of natives
of other countries to join their fortune with u
if only they can give satisfactory assurance that
they will become useful, law abiding and self-supporting
inhabitants. It ia sincerely to be hoped
that congress will sustain the veto, fin view of
the fact thathe bill waa originally passed by a
majority which could easily override it, those
who agree with the preaident will do well to
apprise their representatives in congress of that
fact.'. I ' . .!'
: In the Wake of Pershing.
Following the American army" out of Mexico
comes s long line of refugees. Mormons and
Mexicans alike who had relations with the Ameri
can army during its stay below the border are
fleeing in terror from visions of Villa's vengeance.
The presence of Pershing provided peace; hia
withdrawal again turns a large and fertile section
of northern Mexico over to anarchy and dispr
der. The administration at Washington is now
said to again incline to allowing the Mexicana
to work out their own aalvation without further
meddling from this side. This means that a sorry
chapter of American history ia coming to an end
in flight from home of men, women and children,
a land left to desolation and a murderous brigand,
guilty of unnumbered and nnnameable crimes,
triumphing over order, while watchful waiting
wonders what will happen next The one com
forting thought' in the whole aituation comes
through the gallant conduct of our soldiers, whose
patience has withstood sore trial.
Oregon and Kansas must look to their laurela
as inventora of "progressive legislation." South
Dakota enters the list as a competitor for high
honora. A bill depriving doctors of surgical fees
in casea of wrong guesses on the state of the
appendix tags a doubt of medical infallibility.
StitlXif the doctors are cut out of the price of
cutting in, the experience remains to console
them, , ' ''..'. v ' , .
" An Ohio philosopher says the "ballot is the
most sacred thing an ' American possesses."
A group of Cincinnati citizens are taking compul
sory lessons along that line.
The 1916 Vote
-Naw York Triku
' When the voters re-elected President Wilson
they were very far from intending that that vote
should be interpreted as an indoraement of the
democratic party.
Mr. Wilson'a victory was a personal one. He
would have been badly beaten if he had not re
ceived the support of well over one million elec
tors who did not vote for any other democratic
candidate (a vote for Marshall) being, of course,
identical with a vote for Wilson.
Mr. Wilson ran so far ahead of the democratic
ticket because Mr. Hughes ran so far behind the
republican ticket There were hundreds of thou
sands of republicans who had not been strongly
impressed by Mr. Hughes' campaign and were
sceptical about his progressive tendencies. They
re-elected Mr. Wilson.
It was evident on the day after election that
Mr. Hughes had trailed far behind the great mass
of republican candidates. There waa no state, ap
parently, in which the vote cast for him was not
smaller than the vote cast for one or more of the
republican nominees for state offices or for con
gress. There were few states in which he did not
run behind every other republican candidate.
The publication of official returns from all of
the states makes it possible now to demonstrate
just how much Mr. Wilson's strength exceeded
the strength of his party and just how far other
republican candidates outran Mr. Hughes. The
election tables printed in "The World Almanac"
for 1917 show the 'pluralities Sjiven for Mr. Wil
son and Mr. Hughes in the various states. The
president's net plurality his plurality on the'
popular vote was 567,400. He carried thirty states,
with pluralities aggregating 1,358,197. Mr. Hughea
carried eighteen states, with pluralities aggregat
ing 790,701. Here are the margins of the two can
didates by statea:
PLURALITIES BY STATES FOR WILSON
AND HUGHES.
Huahel.
Alabama 71 S20 Oonnactieut ' 1.728
Artaona ;iS Delaware l.MS
Arkanaaa SS.147 Ullnola , J0M2O
California 1,77! Indiana S.77S
Colorado 7I.60S Iowa SS.S6S
Florida ............ 41,378 Maine , S.S8S
Ooortla 111.41S Maaaachuaotta ........ SO.sas
Idaho 14.41S Mlchltan il.MS
Xanana ........... as.SSO Mlnneaota m
Kentuoky at.llSNaw Jaraay B7.IS4
Loulalana 7J 4o Naw York 12S.SS4
Maryland SliOll Ororoi) S.72S
Mlaalaalppl ' 7.1 Pennaylvanla '..lll.SSS
Mlaaourl .......... ST.S4S Rhode Ialand , 4.4S4
Montana S4.SU South Dakota..;...... 4.872
Nebraak 41, 26S Vermont 17,542
Neva4a ,. .-S.S4T Waat Virginia 2,71
Now Haronahlra.... I ts Wlaconaln y. 21,311
New Melloo.. SUSS - f
North Carolina 47.413 . ' I
North Dakota 1 785
Ohio 88,503
Oklahoma 50.827 s
South Carolina S0.278 . y
Tenneaie ....' 9S.88I . ' . :
Tan 881.80T ., , ' .
Utah 38.008 '
Vlrslnla 52,448
Waahtntton ....... 18,584
Wyoming- 8.818 . j
Tatal ......... 1.858,187 Total ............. ,70.71
This table, of bourse, does not show the exact
diviaion of votes in the electoral college. One of
West Virginia's eight votes went to Mr. Wilson,
Looking further into the returns, however, the
very abnormal character of the presidential vote
becomea apparent. The republicans carried as
many seats in the house of representatives as the
democrat did, and it. would not have been pos
sible for them to come so near controlling the
house without materially outvoting the democrats
throughout the country.' The reapportionments
made after the 1910 census in a number of north
ern states New York, Ohio and Indiana among
them were , decidedly unfavorable to the repub
lican party. It is, therefore, normally much easier
for the republicana to elect a president than to
win a majority of the seats in the lower branch of
congress. . . . w
: But though losing the presidency the repub
licana broke even on the house. Had the electoral
vote been cast in accordance, with the congress
votes in the states, Mr. Hughes would have car
ried twenty-four states, with 288 votea, and would
have been elected. Mr. Wilson would have car
ried twenty-two statea with 231 electoral votes,
and two states Nebraska and Montana, with
twelve votes would have evenly divided.
sWe have compiled and present below a table
showing' the pluralities in the forty-eight states
on the basis of the vote cast for United States
aenatora and governor. The pluralities of sena
torial candidates are taken in all. cases. Where
no aenatorial vacancy waa to be filled pluralities
for candidates for governor are used. Where
there were neither aenatorial nor gubernatorial
candidates in the field the net pluralities of the
candidate for the house of representatives are
taken. In one state Louisiana for lack of re
turns Other than those bn presidential electors
the president's plurality is employed.
This table shows a republican popular plurality
in the country of 573,3915,985 greater than Mr.
Wilson'a popular plurality. Here are the figures:
PLURALITIES BY STATES FOR UNITED
STATES SENATOR AND GOVERNOR.
Demooratio. I . " RaDUbMcan. A
Alabama ...I ' 78,185 California
Arlaona S,S12!ConnaUet ........
Arkanaaa 81.871 Illlnola
17.34tlndlana
2,B88Iowa
48,8171 Kanaaa
11 144Malna
Colorado
Delawara .
Florida ...
Qaorata .
Idaho ....
Kentucky
tlxtutslana
Mlsil.tlppt
Mlaaourl .
Montana .
Nebraeka .........
New Mexico....... i
Nevada
North Carolina.....
Ohio
Oklahoma
Rhode Ialand
South Carolina
Tennaaaa ..........
Texae .............
Utah
Virginia
Wyoming '
4721
84,131
73.488
74,480
84,451
12,827
11,283
8.511
1.418
47 504
15,551
41.847
7.837
S8.115
15,581
115.0401
14,1861
118.058
1 088
Maryland u..
Maaaaehuaatta
iMIchlgan
Mlnneaota
New Hampahlra....
New Jeraoy
New Tork ..V. ......
North Dakota .....
Oregon
Ponnaylvama ......
South Dakota ,
Vermont ..........
Waahlngton
Went Virginia
Wlaeonaln
IM.tlS
8.171
138.881
11,081
85,801
181,481
10 174
lion
11,031
108,701
7.82
7,041
74,888
131,381
IS 788
181448
188,845
11,121
11.408
88.848
5,558
118,158
Total .......... J. U0,408 Total ,
Republican plurality, 573,391.
Vote for congress, t Vote for president.
The fairness of this showing cannot be dis
puted.! It is representative. Giving the vote on
senator the pref.rence shifts Delaware and Rhode
Island from the Hughes column into the demo
cratic column. But it takes Maryland out of the
Wilson column into the republican column. Had
the vote for governor been preferred in all states,
it would have kept Delaware and Rhode Island
republican, would have transferred Arizona to the
republican column and wonld have added 80,000
to the republican margin in Minnesota. But those
gaina would have been balanced in large part by
the loss in this state of 70,000 votes and by the
transfer of Washington from the republican to
the democratic table.
People and Events
. Advance foreign orders for eggs for summer
and fall delivery stiffens the enthusiasm of Chi
cago dealers and predictions of dollar eggs ten
months hence are current among the cold storage
henneries, '
The first bunch of money out of $1,000,000
willed by Mrs. Frank Leslie to Mrs. Carrie Chap
man Catt for use in promoting woman suffrage is
now available, New York courta having ordered
payment of $500,000 to Mrs. Catt. It ia expected
the cause will at once take on fresh vigor and leap
forward as never before. -
The late Mra. Hetty Green for more than fifty
years held a life interest in the residuary estate of
her aunt, Miss Sylvia Ann Howland, who died in
New Bedford, Mass., an 1865. The estate amounted
to $1,250,000. Mra. Green's death releases the
fortune for distribution. A total of 438 heirs have
been traced, and their sharea range from $63 to
$27,000. Several heirs of the seventh generation
are under age. ' .
I TODAY
Health Hint for the Day.
It IB unwise to bath when exces
sively hot, but It la safer when moder
ately warm from exercise than when
beginning to cool off. , L
One Year Ago In the War.
Allies' artillery shattered German
works In France and Belgium.
Violent artillery fighting resumed by
Italians on Isonzo river.
Russians reported to have taken a
Turkish fortified line forty miles long.
Single Zeppelin attempted repetition
of raid on Paris, but departed without
doing damage.
In Omaha Thirty Years Ago.
i Articles of Incorporation have been
(lied by the Omaha Rubber company
formed for the purpose of manufac
turing and dealing in all kinds of rub
ber goods. The incorporators are J.
Hurd Thompson and jO. H. Curtis.
While chasing a man whom he saw
running down Farnam street with an
overcoat over hia arm. Officer Bhamv-
han slipped in the alley tn tbe rear ot
the Canneld house and fell cutting a
severe gash over his right eye, and
spraining one of his wrists. ,
- Judge Neville has rendered a very
Important decision which absolutely
establishes the right of 'the cigar
makers' ' union to . the trade mark
which tbey have long used upon their
cigars.
W. H. Harrison of S. t. Morse ft
Co.'o curtain and drapery department
haa left for New York where he will
oast his eagle eye over the eastern
markets on the lookout for novelties
In new spring curtains, etc.
The funeral of Mrs. L. W. Duell, the
oldest daughter of C. J. Karbach, was
held from the late residence, 1509
Howard.
William Oua Stephan and Miss Au
gusta Saffelder were married by the
Rev. Detwetler, pastor of the Kountze
Memorial church. -
Mr. Thomas Kllpatrick, a well
known dry goods man of Chicago, and
mors recently of Cleveland, O.. is in
the city negotiating for the purchase
of the dry goods house of Tootle, Maul
ft Co. Mr. Kllpatrick Is a genial and
kindly gentleman and a good business
man and a strong effort la being made
to have him locate here.
This Day in History.
110s Guy Fawkea was executed
for his part In the plot to blow up the
British House of Parliament
lf52 Gouverneur Morris, con
spicuous figure in the, early history of
the American republic, born at Mor
risanla, N. Y. Died there November
6. 1814. - , .
' 1858 Steamship Great Eastern was
launched at MlUwall, England. -
1866 United States house of rep
reaentatlves oassed the Thirteenth
T amendment, carrying out the emanci
pation proclamation. '
1807 Completion of the Nelson
column In Trafalgar square, London.
' 1878 Preliminaries of peace be
tween Russia and Turkey signed at
Adrianople. i
1880 British training ship Atalanta
with 280 on board, sailed from Ber
muda and was never heard of again.
1892 Charles ' H- Spurgeon, 'fa
mous pulpit orator, died at Mentone,
France. Born in England, June IB,
1834. , ;
1893 Ten thousand persons were
, rendered homeless by an earthquake
on the coast of Zante,
1895 The Japanese captured Wei-Rat-Wei
front the Chinese. ,
The Day We Celebrated ; ,
Milton T. Darlow, president of the
United States National bank, is today
celebrating his seventy-second birth
day. He waa born In Greencaatle, Ind.,
and la one of the pioneers in Omaha
bank circles.
William H. Wheeler; treasurer of
the Wheeler ft Welpton Co., was born
at Plattamouth, January 81, 1870. He
is a graduate of the University of Ne
braska. Al Sorenson Is 66, but doesn't act it
He was born In Nashota, Wis., and
was , city editor of The Bee in the
olden days when the city editor was
the whole reportorlal staff and the
bouncer at one and the same time.
He is now running a weekly paper of
his own called the Examiner..
John J. Glllin, former city treasurer
of South Omaha, now in the federal
revenue service, is today 38 years Old.
He is a native of Minnesota. ' '
Nathan Straus, New York philan
thropist, who has been selected to pre
side over the forthcoming national
congress of Jews, born in Rhenish,
Bavaria, sixty-nine years ago today.
Captain Henry A. Wiley, U. & N
commander of the battleship Wyom
ing, born in Alabama, fifty years ago
today.
William W. Attertmry, president of
the American Railway association,
born at New Albany, Ind., fifty-one
years ago today.
Zane Grey, one of the most success
ful of the younger American novelists,
born at Zanesvllie, O., forty-two years
ago today.
George W. Perkins, noted New York
financier and progressive party leader,
born in. Chicago, fifty-five years ago
today.
Theodore W. Richards, Harvard
university professor and Nobel prise
winner, born at German town, 'Pa.,
forty-nine years ago today. -
Bishop Richard J. Cooke ' of the
Methodist Episcopal church, born in
New York City,' sixty-four years ago
today. . .
Timely Jottings and Reminders.
Clergymen, evangelists, missionaries
and other Chritian workers from
many lands are to assemble In Chi
cago today for the thirtieth annual
alumni reunion and revival conference
of the Moody Bible Institute.
Delegates from many parts of the
south are expected in Louisville to
day for the opening of a four-day con
vention of the Baptist Student ' Mis
sionary movement Many well known
Baptist clergymen and educators are
on the program. t -
War time problems' will be among
those considered at the annual meet
ing of the United States chamber of
commerce, beginning today In Wash
ington. The railroad situation, na
tional defense, daylight saving and the
promotion ot foreign trade are other
subjects scheduled to receive atten
tention. Storiette of the Day.,
8he had two boys. The mother
wished not only to give them a seri
ous idea of her desire to make them
good, but also to make clear to their
minds the gravity of the task before
her. At the end of a particularly
touching adjuration 6-year-old Fran
cis was suddenly overcome with the
Impossibility of ever attaining hia
mother's ideal.
"Don't try to make good,
mother," he said earnestly. "Just
shoot us." Philadelphia Ledger.
f 1
Reject All Charter Amendments.
Omaha, Jan. 10. To ths Editor of
The Bee: I am glad to see you attack
the charter cimendment at Lincoln.
There is no occasion for them. The
people of this city have not demanded
them. There was not a mention of
them in the. last campaign.
There are many representatives and
senators from the other part of the
state who are tired ef Omaha's oc
cupying the attention of the legisla
ture, after the state had specifically
given to this city the right to make its
own charter,. At the last session they
said this to me and I conceded the
force of their statement.
There are several members of the
present commission who were elected
to office on the issue of giving this
City a chance to frame Its own char
ter. Because the charter that was
framed, for the reason that It made
several unpopular proposals, was de
feated by the people these commis
sioners think they are Justified in mak
ing no further move for home rule.
The fact Is, they think it easier to se
cure ' from the legislature privileges
which our own people would never
grant to them.
The constitution provides that after
six months another charter 'commis
sion may be called. Why havo 'not
these commissioners called such a
commission T
If this city needs certain changes
let these commissioners call a con
vention at once. It they will sot do
so, I am for the people doing it
through means, of the initiative, if that
is legally possible. If we can secure
another charter commission I would,
be in favor of submitting to the peo
ple our present charter, simply in or
der to some under home rule. Then
we could proceed to amend It as we
chose.
Above all things you are right in op
posing the present bills In the legisla
ture. They should one and all be de
feated, and, if for no other reason, the
members of the legislature ought to
defeat them on the ground that
Omaha has the right to make Its own
charter in Its own way.
L. J. QUINBY.
Rice as a H. C. L. Reducer. '
Grand Island, Neb, Jan. 39. To the
Editor of The Bee: And now comes
your Mr. Groh, of The Bee's able staff,
with his "calories," but never a word
for our southern neighbor's great
cereal, rice. I have been advocating
the eating of more rice, not so much
to the lowering of the high cost of liv
ing, but so as to live better, conse
quently happier and longer. : ,
While rice is the staple, diet of
three-fourths of the earth's inhabi
tants, this cereal Is one of the most nu
tritious of dishes. Most people, and
especially children, like rice with
cream and sugar and both of these
contain calories galore.
The last season's crop', was the
largest in years and the growers re
ceived less than for three years, so
rice is really one of the cereal foods
that should retail cheaper.
In conversation with Richard
Adams, manager of Parrott ft Co.,
brokers of Portland, Ore., a few days
ago he said he had pushed rice the
last season as one of the good cereals
to cheapen the high cost of living, but
he found that the consumer would not
take hold ot It and that no more rice
had been sold In hia territory this sea
son than in former years. He said our
people want something- already pre
pared and partly digested, as many of
the so-called breakfast foods, and
whether-they are heavily charged with
calories-or contain none at all It is
the preparedness that they are partial
too no trobule to get ready the break
fast handout MONROE TAYLOR. .
; Gentler Help Wanted.. ,
Scottsbluff, Jan. 9. To the Editor
of The Bee: If a hen Is an "It" and
she's not a "she, how ever on earth
can a rooster be "he?' I'm sorely
perplexed and my soul is much vexed;
I appeal to the grammar class reading
The Bee; Inanimate things that do not
have wings get mixed in my gram
mar and causes a stammer. I have
loved the old hen . since I can't tell
win ephpn. If m An hAI Initiative.
then who will defend her, if we don't
know a "she" from an old neuter gen
der. J. F. WEYBRIGHT.
More, on the Subject of School Land.
Oxford, Neb., Jan. 28. To the Edi
tor ot The Bee There Is an honest
difference of opinion as to whether it ia
best to sell our school lands and there
ia no doubt that a majority who favor
the sale as well as those who oppose
are actuated by what they believe to
be for the best interests of the state.
It Is a noticeable tact that most of
the opposition comes from a commu
nity where there are no school lands
for sale, where they have not the op
portunity to feel the, wrong of the
state holding those lands out of the
market-. On the other hand we find
that those favoring the sale are mostly
those who know something first hand
of the blighting effects, especially on
the school districts wherein those lands
are situated, ot the state becoming a
land speculator.
L. J.' Qulnby suggests that the sale
of school lands would be In the inter
est of land grabbers and advertise the
state aa backward in civilization. The
reverse Is true. Where the present
method encourages that the school
lands should bring to the renter all the
profit possible without conserving their
future usefulness the sale would en
courage home building, prevention of
soil waste, school Improvements and
a more populated community.
That the state should hold land for
speculation Is no less harmful to the
community where the land is situated
than for Individual speculators to hold
and out of the market There is an op
portunity to tax and well tax the -Individual
while the states goes free. The
state's prosperity lies In numerous and
prosperous home builders who are
gladly willing to contribute to Its support-'
rv
It is claimed by those opposed to the
sale of the school lands that they have
the good of our public schools at heart
The very same argument Is made by
those who favor the sale. This shows
there can be an honest difference of
opinion. The legislature two years
ago did much to strengthen the farm
ers demand for sale, when they, alter
dividing a measely one-fourth ot the
state money among tbe school districts-
opporttoned the three-fourths,
together with all fines and licenses of
the county, according to the daily av
erage attendance In our schools. To
illustrate its working my school dis
trict with twelve high school students,
had their tuition raised II 1-8 per
cent and then the Apportionment for
those twelve students was confiscated
by the town school. Nor Is that alL
Town children travel a few blocks on
clean sidewalks, while country chil
dren travel two and sometime three
miles and sometimes those roads are
blocked with snow, and they are fined
for the causes of nature. If the state
had a section of land In the heart' of
Omaha or Lincoln I think there would
be something doing in the legislature
this winter and It would not be in in
terest of keeping achool land out of
the market A. C. RANKIN.
Intolerable Conditions In tbe South.
Omaha, Jan. SO. TO the Editor of " '
The Bee: I have found considerable
Interest in the perusal of your Scotts
bluff correspondent's criticism of Mr.
Agnew. The discussion ot such ques
tions as those with which Mr. Wey
bright deals tn bis reply to Mr. Ag
new could hardly fail to excite lively
interest in any citizen of fair intelli
gence and patriotic sentiment
"It may be true," says Mr. Wey
biight "that suppression of the col
ored vote contributed to increase Mr.
Wilson's majorities in some of the
southern states," etc. Such a gingery
expression Concerning a fact which Is
incapable of contradiction . could
hardly escape notice. So long as con
ditions In the southern states continue
as they are now and have been sines '
the collapse ot "the lost cause" the
formalities of conducting elections will
amount to nothing more than deri
sive burlesques.
As for Judge Hughes, I entertain
as high an estimate ot his character
today as I did at any time during his
grand campaign for the presidency,
in all of my forty-five or fifty years
of study of American history I can re
call no publio character that more fa
vorably and deeply impressed me than
has Charles Evans Hughes. In care
fully reviewing his conduct during the
entire campaign I discover no act or
utterance of hia that a full-blooded
American could have taken offence
at according to my humble Judgment.
Hence I experienced a feeling of pro
found disappointing and regret at his
failure of election. 1
Mr. . Weybright's strictures against
Mr. Agnew for complaining about the
lawlessness and -violence of the whites
of the former rebellious states in the
conduct of, political affairs bears
strong resemblance to the Ill-tempered
retorts from slave holders inante-bel-lum
days whenever one dared to speak
or write a word ot unfavorable com- .
ment upon that infamous Institution. 1
Is it an "attempt to stir up sectional
Btrife" to expose and denounce this
rough-shod defiance of, the organic
law of the nation? How else will it be
possible to do away with such a plainly
foul condition of things except by con
scientious, courageous and persistent
campaigning against it? ' -
But It Is with a feeling of regret
that I have to admit my lack ot con
fidence that anything effective will be
done as a remedy in this case tor yean
to come. CYRUS D. BELL.
, SMILES.
'Xliye boy," uked ths well-meaning re- '
former, "U that your mamma over yonder
with the beautiful est of fursT"
"Tea, ir," answered the bright lad.
"Well, do you know what poor animal tt
Is tht haa had to suffer In order that
your mamma might have the furs with
which she adorns herself so proudly?" ,
"Yes, sir. My papa." -New Tork Times.
IN WHICH WYH FWEtfc
ClAlM we. Nifc THE USERS1.
Billy Never mind. TtWlt think better
of me when Z am far away. --
M illy Sure, The farther away the bet
ter. New Tork Times. , j
"Dearest," he murmured, 'Til try and be
worthy ot you. although I know I am not
fit to tie your shoe." ,
This was perfectly true.1 His waist meas
ure was 69 Inches. Judge. -
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Foil Wrapped Manilla Cigars, Flor-
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5 Lady Curaon, Choice Domestic, In- s
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La Providenela, Clear Havana, a very a
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Sherman & McConnell
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I Four Good Drug Stores.
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