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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 23, 1917)
THE BEE: OMAHA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 23, 1917.
The Omaha Bee
. ' DAILY fllOKNINQ-EVENING-SUNDAT
FOUNDED BY EDWARD R03EWATUL
VICTOR ROSEWATER, EDITOR
THB BM PUBLISHING COMPANY. PROPRIETOR.
Entered at Omaha poatofflca as second-class siattaT.
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All those peace notei now repote In the
archives along with the other "scraps of paper."
Despite the egg boycott, thU kind of weather
is not calculated to make the hen warm np to her
job. '; -
Anybody else want to be a governor! staff
colonel? It is not too late to add i few more
Creating two, new elective offices for every
one abolished will not advance as any toward
the short ballot
The trouble with those other navy surgeons
is that they all wish they had the pall possessed
by Dr. Grayson. '
Take a slant at your furnace, or other heating
apparatus, and make sure it Is in good working
order. Safety first! .
Late bulletins from his habitat give unwelcome
assurances that the backbone of winter shows
no sign of a fracture.
Kentucky must look to its laurels. Nebraska's
midwinter crop of colonels fairly crowds the Blue
Grass state for first honors.
Champ Clark still harbors ambition to be
president and does not care who knows it How
about our own William Jennings Bryan?
That leak probe ought to be good yet for a
few more thrills. If not, the public is apt to feel
that the show is not fully op to prospectus.
Now if the railroads obey orders to return
borrowed cart as speedily as they pat on a rate
increase order the dsys of the ear shortage on
trunk lines are numbered.
If an individual or a private corporation owned
our Omaha Auditorium, somebody would be. busy
figuring oat how to make It pay at least a meas
urable return on the investment' ' - -
. High winds, aero weather and high pressure
on heating plants are oneqaated as a firebug com
bination. In such" circumstances safety calls for
increased carefulness as the mercury descends.
Governor Neville's imposing staff of chesty
colonels still further emphasizes the democratic
plan to keep us oat of war at any cost Our
militant heroes of peace ar not bailt for trench
i work. ..
Clamping the lid on suburban h ligation joints
amounts to a Sabbath jolt' Its rarity intensifies
the pain. However, the town pomp remains and
the gasoline tank looms large as a Sabbath
oasis. ,! , ' ..
Joseph H. Cboate, a distinguished son . of
Salem, is rounding 84 years. Nothing short of his
forensic power can weigh or measure the nerve
of the Oregon Salem which attempts to push the
mother Salem off the map.
Omaha's progress as a musical center is no
kits impressive than its growth ss the metropolis
of the corn belt This week's round of concerts
and operas affords convincing evidence of musi
cal culture and appreciation.
If those European belligerent countries have
accumulated all the ammunition and war enginery
which they say they have, they will not be happy
till they shoot it all off, and they cannot pos
sibly get rid of it short of several more drives
Affairs on the Rio Grande border will present
ly take on the monotony of regular army routine.
The home-coming of the Nations! Guard robs the
front trenches of hectic glory snd news value.
Even war correspondents are without excuse for
further loafing on the frontier job.
The new -Mexican loan of 3,000,000 pesos, un
derwritten by local banks, affords a fair measure
of the shattered credit of the lawless republic
As national loans go, the amount is insignificant,
barely $1,250,000 in real money. But it is a huge
sum for the Carranza government and represents
more of a banker's chance than genuine credit.
Shafts Aimed at Omaha
Blair Enterprise : The conservation of the
supply of newsprint occasioned by the Omaha
newspaper publishers not issuing papers on
Christmas and New Year's doesn't appear to have
affected the price of print, paper at the paper
mills or in the warerooms of the jobbers.
Beatrice Express: In just what way the lady
egg boycotters of Omaha hope to benefit by en
listing the aid of William Jennings Bryan has
not been explained, unless it is that the former
secretary of state is as partial to the product of
the poultry yard as to the juice of the grape.
Hastings Tribune: Two Omaha men got into
a fight and one of them had his nose chewed off,
so a $5,000 damage suit is on. The man who has
no nose knows he lost his nose not through
blows so he swears it was chewed off. They
don't appear to be very particular what they eat
down in Omaha, anyway.
i O'Neill Frontier: Now that Harry Thaw is
again in the toils, charged with the offense of an
insane person or a degenerate, he should be sure
to visit Omaha when he gets out. On Harry's
last visit to the city he was feted and heroized
by a few of the elite. This time he should be
entitled to have a half-holiday declared in his
uonor. . , . j
What Shall Wa Do Alter the War?
After calling upon the two opposing sides in
the European war to state what terms they expect
as the condition of peace, President Wilson has
taken it upon himself to outline the after-the-war
policy he thinks we should pursue. This declara
tion, communicated in person to the senate and
at the same time through diplomatic channels to
all the interested nations, must be characterized
as notable and perhaps epoch-making.
The president practically advocates American
participation in a concert of world powers to
make the coming peace a lasting one and, more
than that, he urges that we let it be known in
advance what sort of peace terms are essential
to enlist the aid of the United States in its main
tenance and enforcement. Among these condi
tions he enumerates limitation of armaments,
access to ocean highways for all important coun
tries, freedom of the seas, and, above all, recogni
tion of the principle of the consent of the gov
erned as the controlling element in remaking the
map of Europe. Such a pronouncement would,
of course, make us participate indirectly in the
ocace negotiations by serving notice that any
other settlement would not be satisfactory and
advising the peacemakers of the consequences of
ignoring our desires.
The people in this country have been debating
n merits nf (he " Leaiue to Enforce Peace,"
proposed even before the outbreak of the war,
and most actively championed by tormer rresi
Att T.li hut have not veL it must be confessed,
developed anything like unanimity of opinion.
The president's plan is substantially the plan oi
the "League to Enforce Peace," which has been
earnestly advocated and as hotly attacked by men
of equally unquestioned patriotism and sincerity
of motive. The president denies that our adher
ence to such a league would constitue a renuncia
tion of our traditional policy of avoiding foreign
entanglements or that it would nullify the Mon
roe Doctrine, the two points upon which the plan
has been most severely arraigned.
What teems to us plain it that, regardless of
previout precedent and tradition, the new situa
tion, precipitated by the world war, not overlook
in alan rh cvnanrlecl inhere of American
influence m consequence of onr war with Spain,
putt as wnere we nave no alternative out to tae
ntir narl in thft rearliustment of WOrld-OOwer
balances if we are to protect our own interests.
We have been constantly exposed to being drawn
intA ttt. nronr conflict and after the war it will
be only a question of how best to safeguard our
selves from oemg involved in possible tutnre
No one seems to know exactly what starts
a "crime wave" like the plethora of holdups being
pulled off in Omaha aimaltaneously with similar
outbreaks m to 'many other cities. Sometimes
it looks at if a crime mania were epidemic in
the tame way as a contageont disease, but even
on that theory It most have its start somewhere
and must succumb to proper treatment
The treatment for holdups it prevention and
punishment precaution against perpetration and
catching and convicting the culprits to the ex
tent that prevention fails. Experienced police
officers are inclined to the opinion that profes
sional taw-breaking has been stimulated of late
by making paroles and pardons so easy to secure
that prison sentence! are no longer feared by
desperate characters. According to their version,
almost anyone can commit any crime on the
calendar and get away with it by the parole route,
which permit! resumption of operations after a
brief detention for a rest core behind the bars.
The prevailing system, too, gives the police no
Inkling of the liberation of criminals from the
prisons, on the theory that the paroled prisoners,
in order to have a fair start for a new life, mutt
not be subjected to police molestation.
Another difficulty it that the special considera
tion accorded first offenders is predicated, not
upon first offenses, but upon first convictions, al
though the first conviction may not come until
after a long series of unpunished crimes. That,
of course, does not relieve or excuse the police
from their duty to cope with crime wsves as they
strike, but it helps explain the difficulties of the
situation and to account in past for unsatisfac
Human Element in Accidents.
Close observers are not astounded by the state
ment made at a "safety" meeting that 10 per cent
only of industrial accidents are due to machine fail
ares, the remaining 90 per cent being wholly
chargeable to "man-failure." Students, however,
will not be satisfied with the simple statement, but
will want to know something more, especially as to
conditions that contribute to this appallingly large
percentage charged directly to man's share in the
fault It will not do to say that in each instance
wanton carelessness is blameable. Psychologists
are no longer content with that explanation, but
are going deeper into the causation of accidents,
seeking to determine just why the normal mental
processes at timet break and the interrupted co
ordination between brain and body ends in dis
aster. In the matter of interpreting railway sig
nals, for example, it hat been let up that regis
tered impressions vary as to individuals, and that
likewise individuals react in different wayt to the
impressions given. Emergencies invariably arise
in the operations of modern industry similar to
those in the transportation service, and, while the
safety device may work with mechanical accu
racy, the human factor cannot be depended upon.
Control of possibility of mishap in huge work
shops rests on something far deeper than the
application of safety devices and drilling of men
in conduct advisable under the stress of sudden
danger. A large proportion of the possibly pre
ventable accidents may be avoided through care
ful training of men, but it will be a long time
before men and machinery may be with entire
safety mingled as they are today.
Congressman-elect Kelly from the Thirteenth
Pennsylvania district appears as smooth at they
make 'em in the plum tree state. On a recent
visit to the house of representatives the newly
elect, rated as a progressive democrat hobnobbed
with members on the republican side, finally
drifting among the democrats. Keen probes on
both tidet failed to pierce his reserve armor. Did
he give a message of hope to the faithful? Not
he. "Just tell 'em that you aaw me." Nothing
more. That's Kelly, the Keystone enigma.
Omaha school janitort want a retirement pen
sion fund on the same plan as the teachers' pen
sion fund. Not a bad idea, perhaps, but why
should not the janitor have enough pep and
ambition to get a bigger and better job before
he reaches the retirement age?
Speaking of the Clam
-The Nation's Bhmmi-
The clam, popular name for various bi
. valve mollusks and some persons, is found in
many climes and under many scientific aliases.
He is the Indian's "quahog," the New Yorker's
"Mercenaria mercenaria" (hard clam) and the
Bostoniin's "Mya arenaria" (soft clam). But
let him hide under whatever Latin name he will
or dig his way deep into the sands of the sea
shore, he cannot escape man's searching eye.
There are, however, several species besides the
human which are not edible. Speaking parentheti
cally, the clam figures in heraldry as well as on
the dinner table. If, therefore, the man who de
signs you a coat of arms sketches a clam rampant
on the escutcheon, don't take offense, for he may
be paying you the delicate compliment of insin
uating to the knowing that you are the descend
ant of a crusader or of one who made long
voyages by sea Columbus, perhaps because that
is what the clam on a knight's shield meant
Several kinds of edible clams are dear to the
palate of the Filipino. The shells of the giant
clams of the genus tridacna sometimes attain a
length of five or six feet and weigh hundreds of
pounds. The giant species of the East Indies is
the greatest of living mollusca, containing as
much as twenty pounds of edible fllesh, while
the deeply hollowed shell, the inner surface of
a beautiful whiteness, finds its way to European
churches as holy water fonts. The shell-shaped
sounding boards teen over pulpits in the United
States may be a reminder of another use to which
clam shells have been put. These shells also
furnish natives of the Philippines and other far
eastern islands with knives, axes and ammuni
tion. The tridacna shells are so hard that the
Moros used to pound them up and ram the pieces
into their rude cannon, making projectiles which
were peculiarly effective at close range. Burned,
the clam shell becomes the Filipino's lime, salted,
the American clam becomes the New Englander's
bait in cod fishing.
Clams are an important food product in the
United States as well as in other countries, and
the "toft" clam is much cultivated in New Eng
land, both in order to restore depleted areas and
because the cultivated clam, which brings a better
price than the natural growth, it more uniform in.
size than the latter. Early experimentt in clam
culture were made at Essex, Mass, an act of the
legislature authorizing the selectmen of the town
to stake off in lots of one acre or less the flats
along the Essex river and let them to persons de
siring to "plant" clams. Smalt clams were dug on
the natural beds and planted on these hitherto un
productive flats, about 500 bushels being required
to plant an acre.
The commercial value of the clam is consider
able, but it has been found that in order to insure
a prosperous industry dams should be planted
and not left to chance natural set. Durnig sum
mer young clams are set in large numbers, close
together, and, if allowed to remain congested, will
die. To collect teed for planting the small clams
are dug with an iron fork and dropped in clusters
of from ten to twelve at regular intervals of about
one foot in long farrows dug about a foot apart
The tide covers the furrows and the clams start
to burrow. They require no further attention until
dug, unlets it be to inspect their quality. In fav
orable localities, cultivated clams will mature in
from nine to fourteen months after planting,
while those from natural beds usually require
from two to three years. At Plymouth, Mass.,
where the natural beds were exhausted and there
were scarcely any clamt left in the bay, the intro
duction of scientific methods restored the clams to
their former abundance. The latest statistics avail
able show a year's catch of 16,983,000 pounds for
the United States, at a value of $1,916,000.
Are Our New Coins Inartistic?
Wall Stoat Jo
In one respect at least the public, taste hat
deteriorated. Each new issue of coins seems less
artistic than the last Our coins were formerly
worthily American and the high quality of the
design was broadly appreciated. The old $20 gold
piece wat recognized, at home and abroad, at per
haps the handsomest coin of itt kind in the world.
It was a work of art, bat with perhaps a tingle
exception it would be presumptuous to apply
that word to the new issue.
There is one artistic coin of recent date, the
Buffalo nickel. It is American and characteristic,
and the tingle objection to it brings out one of
the false canons upon which our coinage is de
signed. It is said that the value of the coin is
not stated clearly enough. It is wonderful how
this fetish survives. Nobody mistakes the Buffalo
nickel for anything else, nor would a cent be less
recognizably a cent, or a quarter a quarter, with
no legend of value. Whoever has seen any of our
coins once never looks at the figures again for
the rest of hit life.
Publicity for the designs before adoption
would greatly improve their quality, and prevent
change merely for change's sake. Who will pre
tend that the Liberty head on the new silver
coinage is an improvement on the old, and that
was nothing to brag about? It is insignificant
and without character, altogether lacking in
breadth of treatment and imagination, two quali
ties which it need hardly be said have nothing
to do with the size of the coin. We seem to be
drifting into a bastard French style wholly de
void of French art
It has been truly said that art admits of no
qualifying adjective. Either it is art or it is not.
It is true there have been recent attempts to con
vince us that ugliness is art. They have not suc
ceeded, and still less can the officers of the mint
convince us that utterly uninspired mediocrity
is art. It is a national misfortune that such an
opportunity to cultivate the taste of all classes
is so completely thrown away.
People and Events
Senator Knute Nelson of Minnesota will enter
upon his seventy-fifth year next month.
General Alexeieff, the great Russian general,
it stid to be the son of a peasant and a laundry
Bonar Law, one of the members of the new
British war cabinet, is the best chess player in
the House of Commons.
General Julian S. Carr of North Carolina, now
in his seventy-second year, is engaged in writing
a book of civil war reminiscenses.
Sir Max Aitkin, who was recently raised to the
peerage, is a Canadian product who began life
as an office boy, and now at the age of 37 is a
General Nivelles, the victor of Verdun and
now the commander of the French armies on the
western front is not wholly a Frenchman, his
mother having been an English woman.
The first day of the naval school started on
board the battleship New Jersey in New York
harbor brought eighty-six to the lineup. A ma
jority of them were professional men eager for
the four free courses of naval life. The course
includes drills, lectures on naval subjects dem
onstrations of machinery and gunnery and general
routine on board ship. Four officers conduct the
classes through a course lasting three hours each
day. The chief object is to bring the navy closer
to the public and build up a higher appreciation
of its duties.
A far-teeing statesman in the Wisconsin leg
islature gives credit to whom credit it due for
driving a wedge into the high cost of living.
With the solemnity of a famishing humorist he
exclaims: "What has bothered our best experts
is accomplished by the American girl with a
grace and style" that excites the admiration of
every one, from boot black to chief justice. Hav
ing gone the limit in saving dress material from
the neck down, the American girl now startles
the world with her economy and retrenchment
at the other end."
Health Hint for the Day.
Nothing Is better to preserve the
complexion clear and free from
wrinkles than an application each
night of cold cream, which also it use
ful In preventing chapping in winter.
One Tear Ago Today in the War.
King Nicholas of Montenegro took
refuge in Italy.
Russian army continued to advance
in the Caucasus and menaced torts at
Austro-Huwrarlan troopt occupied
the important town of Scutari in
Aeroplanes raided the east coast of
England, killing one person and injur
In Omaha Thirty Years Ago.
Frederick Dellone, the well known
contractor of this city, was married to
Miss Margaret Boyle, also of Omaha.
The ceremony was performed in the
Cathedral of St Phllomena.
T. Eck, the famous long-distance
bicycle rider, has arrived in the city
with hi trainer. He hat blood In his
eye and wants to get a rise out of
Dingiey. He pronounces the exposi
tion track to be the finest Indoor track
Mrs. Crowley, widow of the late
William Crowley and mother of Miss
Stacla Crowley, principal of the Jack
son Street school, la suffering from a
serious attack of pleuro-pneumonia at
her home, 645 South Seventeenth.
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. McCreary have
'left for New Orleans and Florida on
their bridal tour. They were accom
panied to the depot by their parents
and a number of friends.
Rev. Malcolm J. Sullivan of the
First Baptist church of Cheyenne has
resigned his pastorate at that place
and has arrived here, where he wilt
assume his pastoral duties.
Horace V. Cox came over in the
Umbria with Dr. Chambers and is so
well pleased with Omaha that he in
tends to make this city his home and
enter into business at once.
This Day tn History
1777 Americans captured Eliza
beth town, N. J, together with 100
1795 General John Sullivan, one of
the best and bravest of the American
commanders in the revolution, died at
Durham, N. H. Born at Berwick, Me,
February 17, 1740.
. 1811 George Clymer, signer of the
Declaration of Independence and a
framer of the constitution, died at
Morrisvllle, Pa. Born In Philadelphia
March 1, 1739.
1816 Thanksgiving day in New Or
leans and a solemn Te Deum on ac
count of Jackson's victory.
1820 Duke of Kent son of George
III and father of Queen Victoria, died.
Born in 1767.
1866 Panama railroad opened, fa
cilitating immigration to California.
1866 Steamship Pacific, with 18
passengers, left Liverpool for New
York and was never heard from again.
18S5 General John B. Hood, the
noted confederate leader, was relieved
of the command of the Department of
Tennessee at his own request
1869 First English missionary
landed in Japan.
1891 L. Q. C. Lamar, senator, cab
inet officer and supreme court justice,
died at Macon, Ga. Born in Putnam
county, Georgia, September 1, 1826.
10I Colonel Arthur Lynch was
found guilty of high treason in Eng
land In fighting for the Boers.
1907 Harry K. Thaw was placed on
trial In New York for the murder of
The Day We Celebrate.
Brigadier General George Bell, Jr,
one of the commanders of the Ameri
can troops on the Mexican border,
born In Maryland fifty-eight years ago
Dr. . Esra S. Tipple, president of
Drew Theological seminary, born at
Camden, N. Y., fifty-aix yean ago to
day. Holbrook Blinn, well known actor
and manager, born in San Francisco
forty-five yean ago today.
Charles M. Hamilton, representative
in congress of the Forty-third New
York district born at Ripley, N. Y.,
forty-three yean ago today.
Robert P. Kennedy, Ohio politician
and former congressman, born at
Bellefontaine, O, seventy-seven years
Timely Jottings and Reminders.
There will be a partial eclipse of
the sun today, but it will not be visible
In the United States.
The president and Mrs. Wilson hold
their annual reception at the White
House this evening in honor of the
members of congress.
Charles E. Hughes la to be the chief
speaker at the annual dinner of New
England alumni of Brown university,
to be held tonight In Boston.
An open convention of prohibition
and temperance worken meets at
Madison today to formulate plans for
a campaign to make Wisconsin dry.
Leaders of the world conference on
faith and order, which alms to bring
about a reunion of the Greek Catho
lics, Roman Catholics and the various
Protestant denominations, are to meet
at Garden City, L. I., today for a two
day conference on plana
Storyette of the Day.
Lloyd George first financed the war
as chancellor. Then, as munitions
minister, he made up the shell short
age. Then he was at the head of the
war department. Now he la premier.
A convict came out of Jail recently.
A friend met him at the gate. The
convict as he shook hands, said:
"Well, mate, wot's happened since 1
got tucked away twenty yean ago?"
"There war been declared," said the
"Yes; what else?"
"We got a new king."
"So Edward's gone, eh? Who't
took on his Job?"
The Convict gave a chuckle of pleas
ure. "Good old Lloydy," he said. "I al
ius knowed he'd come out on top In
the end." Pittsburgh Chronicle-Telegraph.
HERE AND THERE.
Rolling of ths era balls is said to indicate
unsteadiness f character.
Mora thai tl.lSS.SSS.eSS was involved la
ISIS cottieraetioa la too United States.
Among tht most carious modes of saluta
tion is that of the Malays, who tract each
other hy saMUtng.
It is estimated: that In Mexico City aloaa
there arc more than St, 000 hcil ringers rego
Soldiers em the aJHee ruliiB front re
cently hsUt la one day road tan miles
long and wide eaoagil for foo aatomebues
ab reset, flurteea taonsaad me vera em
ployed la the wer
Eggspert Opinion on Egg Boycotts.
Omaha, Jan. 72. To the Editor of
The Bee: It's really funny, If It were
no so ridiculous, to read of the boy
cott of eggs by a certain class of
women who like to pose as smarter
and wiser than their neighbors. Why
don't these game women boycott po
tatoes, flour, etc., and let folks who
know a good thing when they see it
buy it when they are willing to pay
There is nothing better to eat nor
as nourishing as a good, fresh egg.
I wonder how many of these women
go to the trouble to keep a few hens
in the back yard to supply the family
with fresh eggs. I suppose If the
hens could provide their own food
and lay fresh eggs some might keep
them, but others would not have the
nasty things around anyway. And
then that beastly rooster crows In the
morning and disturbs their beauty
slumbers. (I'd like to say right here
for the Information of some of those
ladies, that hens lay eggs without the
companionship of the gentleman
rooster.) It costs money just now to
properly take care of hens with
cracked corn at 2 a hundred pounds
and every other necessary grain in the
same class. Fifty cents a dosen Is
cheap for fresh eggs and for that
amount of money no woman can get
as good value in any kind of meat or
other nourishing food.
For several years past I know that
In Los Angeles eggs have sold during
what they call their winter monins at
60 to 75 cents a dozen and in that
country they raise chickens all the
year round and at least every third
home, even in the best residence dis
trict, has Its own chickens. Let us be
sensible about this thing and every
housewife raise her own little brood
of chickens and then she will have
beautiful fresh eggs cheap.' But if she
once starts, she will have to keep at
it, for she can never eat a store egg
Intricacies of Legal Notices.
O'Neill, Neb., Jan. 21. To the
Editor of The Bee: According to
press notices Senator Neal of Ne
maha has Introduced a bill to regu
late legal notices by publication. This
is a good subject to keep away from.
Two years ago an attempt was made
by the legislature to clarify the pub
lication law by defining the term
"week." This Innocent looking little
law containing twelve lines caused a
loss of thousands of dollars to per
sons having business before the coun
ty and district courts during its trou
blous existence of nine months, when
it was finally nullified by the supreme
This law was passed with an emer
gency clause and consequently Judges
and lawyers generally did not know
its provisions until more than three
months after It had gone into effect.
Now it so happens that almost all
cases in which service by publication
is allowed Involve title to land, and
unless the statute Is strictly followed
titles based on such proceedings will
be void; so when the existence of
this law was discovered hundreds nf
decrees throughout the state were set
aside, new notices had to be pub
lished at a great expense to clients,
many of whom, especially In the pro
bate courts, were widows and orphans.
To show how easily a little tinker
ing with a well settled rule of law
may upset the courts. It is only ne -sary
to point out that the county
court of York county upheld the law,
the district court of York county up
held It, the supreme court on first
hearing upheld it But when It came
before the supreme court again on
rehearing the court, with a strong arm
and in the interests of humanity, put
this troublesome little pest to sleep.
As the law now stand different
periods of time are required for differ
ent kinds of notices. But every prac
ticing lawyer knows what they are;
if he does not know now he would
not know anyway. But if this law Is
tinkered with again nobody will know
until the supreme court construes It
E. H. WHELAN.
Bank Guarantee Shortcomings.
Grand Island, Neb., Jan. 20. To the
Editor of The Bee: I am a continu
ous reader of your paper and believe
the discussions in editorials are a
good thing. I hare been thinking for
some time that there is something
wrong with our laws In reference to
banks and I would like to have the
matter discussed in some manner by
the "public pulse." It seems to me
that our bank guarantee law Is a
farce or an Injustice.
Why guarantee depositors who put
their money in state banks, when the
national banks, which they deposit
their reserve in, are not guaranteed
and can break up and carry the state
banks with them. It seems to me an
Injustice to state banks to have them
pay assessments for losses caused by
breaking up of national banks who
hold the reserves of state banks.
Either national banks should be
guaranteed or bonded or the law
should require state banks to keep
their reserve In state banks. The
United 8tates government will not de
posit its money in a national bank un
less it Is bonded. The state of Ne
braska will not deposit Its money in
national banks without a bond. Why
should the state banks be allowed to
deposit their reserve in national banks
with no bond or guarantee. It is the
duty of the Banking board of Ne
braska and the legislature to look aft
er the Interests of state institutiona
Surely it should provide proper pro
tection for Its state banks. The United
States government will not allow na
tional banks to put any of their re
serve in state banks, even when they
are guaranteed. Is that not an insult
to us when we deposit in national
banks with no guarantee?
We consider the "depositors' guar
antee law" is a great blessing to the
people as well as to the banks and
would be a good thing for the United
States government. The depositor
cannot distinguish between good and
bad banks, not even inspectors (it
seems) can always find out. Then
why not put Buch safeguards around
all banks as are necessary, then guar
antee all banks? The first money paid
out of our guarantee fund was paid
because of failure of a national bank
with the reserve of a state bank In it
I would like to hear from others on
this subject It seems to me very Im
portant but I may be mistaken.
R. L, THOMAS.
Farmers and Good Roads.
Inavale, Neb., Jan. 20. To the
Editor of The Bee: As I am a farmer,
I want to help the man who helps me,
and that man Is the rural mail car
rier of our state.
I claim that the government is do
ing a great thing for the farmen of
our state. The government has an
Institution by means of which It de
livers the farmen' mail and parcels
every mall day in the year at a great
expense. Now, I claim that It is our
duty as farmers to assist the govern
ment by helping the rural mall car
rier to deliver our mail to us. Now
the government cornea to us and asks
our assistance to help it build better
mall routes, and I believe that it Is
our duty, as well as our Interest, to
do so. And the government has passed
what is known as the Bhackleford bill
for the betterment of post roads, and
the extension of post rcasds. The main
thing that brought this rural post
roads law about was and Is the con
tinuation of complaints and resolu
tions from the rural mall carriers of
The department Is Justly asking for
relief, and It is our duty to help It,
for we must confess that It Is doing
a great thing for us farmers by send
ing our mail and parcels to us with
certainty and promptness. Here is
what the government proposes to do, a
part of section 2 of the act:
"That for the purpose of this act
the term 'rural post road' shall be con
strued to mean any public road over
which the United States mails now
are, or may hereafter be, transported."
Now what I Infer from the propo
sition for extension is that If they ex
tend a rural route, or establish a rural
or star route, the government good
roads act would extend to it, and no
. I was a member of the State Farm
ers' union meeting at Omaha, and I
do not think that we were consistent
in turning down the good roads propo
sition, wherein the government asked
us to assist in making good roads for
the rural mall carriers. And we re
solved that the government should
take over the railroads, and we also
resolved that the railroads should at
tach a sleeping car to each stock train
and we also resolved that the state
should buy and own the stock yards
Now, when the government proposes
to help us to do what it is our whole
duty to do ourselves, we do not do
our duty toward ourselves nor toward
the rural mail carrier, for we know
that there are a great many of our
rural mall routes in deplorable con
dition. F. E. PAYNE.
Mrs. Newedd What do yon And hi that
stupid old paper to interest yon?
Newedd I was Just glancing at the
Mrs. N. Oh, do they hare a money mar
ket? Are there ever any bargains? Bos
She That woman Is In love only with
He Well, If her case cornea np before me
she seta the alimony at sight Judge.
"How thankful ! am that I have a home."
"Ah, yea. to shelter your dear ones."
"No; to mortgage for an automobile."
"Old yon read about this man who spent
twenty years In Jail ?"
"What about himT"
"I see he has had his case reopened and
his eentence reversed."
"1 suppose that gives him back thone
twenty years, eh?" Louisville Courier
Journal. Willie Mother, Mr. Smithers, across the
street, la very fond of me.
Mother What makes yon think so, son?
Willie Why, I heard him say to Mrs.
Smithers, "I Just wish I had that little
Willie Brown for about ten minutes."
"What Is this check you have framed?
Is It a check for your first earnings?"
"A check for my flrst rebste," answered
the millionaire with a smile. New York
TsVfcH MISmvk, tTCNU Mb
OOlMttK, IM ft POKER QnME,V
V.KMT& ME TO UANE EAPtt
Vim HER - HOW WX BREAK
VVER Of WE HABlf ?
MWrYis be loser when
SME INQUIRES HCW YOU ARE
"Is your husband much of a provider.
"He jes' ain't nothin' else, ma'am. He
ffwlno to fit Borne new furniture providln'
he fits de money; he cwtne to fit de
money providln' he go to work; he go to
work providln' de Job suite him. I never
see such a providln man in all man days."
New York Times,
She (after a tiff) -I presume you would
like yoor ring- back.
He Never mind, keep it. No other flrl
I know could use that ring unless she wore
it on her thumb. Boston Transcript.
MI was held up In this city before X had
been here a day."
"Didn't you get a fehanee to cry out'"
"Oh, yes, but what did the nurse care for
"And the audience, my boy. were glued
to their seats," said the delighted actor
"That certainty was a neat way of keep,
tng them there," said the critic New York
Nancy I wonder why Tom and Elite are
behavlnf so stranfely?
M able Tom's afraid Elsie's gotnf to pro
pose, and Elsie's afraid Tom isn't Judge,
"Does your husband worry about the gro
"No; he says there's no sense In boi a
himself and the grocer worrying over the
same bills." Boston Transcript.
Ted Robinson In Cleveland Plain Dealer.
The man that fixed my typewriter, he
showed me what was wrong;
He fixed the little dingus that had bothered
me so long.
He straightened out a doodad and lie
tightened up a screw.
And the old machine made music aa It did,
when It was newt
It took but fifteen minutes to adjust the
And I had tinkered vainly at the thing for
half a year:
I voiced my admiration, as the man picked
up his hat
"t Winn that I could learn,' said I, "to fi
up things like that!"
The man that fixed my typewriter, ha
frankly answered, "Why,
It's something anyone can do you've only
got to try.
You keep this oiled, you keep that clean.
you give this screw a turn.
Do thus and so and t'other, and that's an
you've got to learn.
Now sit and write a line or two, and tea
how smooth It goes."
So I sat and wrote a Jingle, which IB easier
And as I wrote, that young mechanic won
"My gosh!" cried he, "I wish that I could
do a stunt like that!"
I did not anawsr honestly, as he had done 4
"It's something anyone can do; you'v
only got to try.
You scatter accents evenly, and five year
words a turn.
Do thUB and bo and t'other, and that's all
you've got to learn.''
X did not answer honestly to htm but
what's the use?
He has explained his trade, but still ttS
cryptic ss the deuce.
So let me think that fixing np machinery
And I will still pretend that it take brains
to be a bard!
A thoroughly capable stock
and bond salesman, preferably
with promotion experience, is
wanted by large middle west
corporation whose business Is
with the best class of business
and professional men. Wa
muit have a man who under
stands western people and
western ways and who can
meet the most intelligent ele
ment of the community on a
plane of mental equality. To
such a man we offer an ex
ceptionally desirable connec
tion, both from the viewpoint
of remuneration and character
of work. The man we want
will be able to earn from
18,000 to 16,000, or better, a
year, depending upon his abil
ity solely. Applicant must
positively be over thirty and
be prepared to furnish highest
references. State age and give
your experience briefly in first
Address Box 1486
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