Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 19, 1917)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE
FOUNDED Y EDWARD aOSEWATE
VICTOR ROSEWATER, EDITOR
TH. BEBJ PUBLISHtMQ COMPANY. PKOPIMBTOm
Batared at Omsha poatotnee as aecond-ciaae "ar
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION
B Carrier Br Weil
Deny and Saoeay..
DaOr witluxt Sander
Keenbis and Bandar."--- ..4Se..
K-ening without avadax-...
c- j -a Me..
So tiee sTSavt of eddreee ar trrwlarlW la
lls-err to Otaaba Baa. Ctrenlatioa Department.
Remit by draft, eavrees ar postal order. 0ll-aat
taken ia payment of I mall aaaooaia. INraanal
except cm Omaha and eastern esahaafo, at aacaptea.
Omaha The Baa fcriMta.
Sooth Omaha ISIS N. etreet.
Coarxril Bloffe 14 North Mate aim,
f.itunhi tsa IJMla stnllasnar.
Chicago 111 Paapla'a Oaa BvMhw.
Kh vrfc Ut. 1U Ptftk
St. Loaie (St New Bank at Coamaraa.
WasaiBrtoa 711 rourteesth street, W. W.
Address eowimenleatlons relating la lava
matter la Omaha Baa, Editorial Department.
53,368 Daily Sunday 50,005
Dwight WtmaaM. etranletion a-eeaser af J
FaMtshisc aamaanr. aaiw daly ewora. ears that the
win eireoJeUaa far tka atonta at Deeea-sber. Ilia, a
tMM Mir end ll.sel Saasey.
DWIQHT WILLIAMS. CWwtasa Maaatar.
Babaarlaad la air naaanaa and nan la before ma
tarn eta ear af Jajtoary,
W. CAmLSON. Maawp renHa.
tka city taiaaorarilT
i nulled to tbam. AeV
lea-rial tba dtp
akaaU k... Tha Ru aanllael to
aree wtH ba ehangeel aa often: u reqaeeteai.
Tba foe-ritable condnmon is that neither tide
enant peace yet except on to own term. '
Oaring the watert of fifteen ihipt in one
laid natemBy rnereeee the area of freedom of
A period of from three to fifteen yean affords
stapes time for medrtatmf on the folty of trying
to gat rich (rock with a gas.
WM naimerocs change In the map of Europe
an propoted, there it little real eneoongement
for map makers to get baay.
Three American naval vessels loot in six
month , aoggett that preparedness tboakl ex
hard beaond bafldinf the ships. .
RemoYuig snow from the downtown street
is all right, bat what is to atop a real cfeanap now
ajkboal aaiiting for tha advent of spring?
1 It goes wtthoot saying, though, that the pro
posed civil for city hall inmtte ii not to
reach across the street to oceopant of the county
court house. .-.- .. , :
Revival of the stickop basinets here in Omaha
suggest! one Industry that should be discouraged,
even if getting rid of the gentry engaged hi it
means a slight loss of population.
If the change in tht official management of
the Nebraska State Board of Agriculture means
new blood, improved methods and more steam,
it will be a good thing all around. -
Some farmers do not yet seem to realize that
they, rather than city joyriders, will be the great-'
est gainers from good roads constantly main'
tained. Let the campaign of education go ont
The Fremont jury made short work of the
Winslow bank robbers. In these menacing times
of stickups of various grades, swift-moving jus
tice with the bark on deserves public commen
The New York daylight saving committee has
an nnsympathetic report from Alaska with tht
suggestion that up there it is necessary to blind
fold the chickens to get thtm to roost ' How
different from New York!
In years past a roster of useless navy yards,
designated as "pork" consumers, became a laugh
ing stock among naval men. Now comes the
naval board with an urgent appeal for the pre
servation of all. Naval experts change front as
nimbly as politicians.
, The latest roster of members of the next house
of representatives showt 21S republican and a
like number of democrat, two progressive, one
prohibitionist, on socialist and one Independent
The five last named constitute the most interest
ing political holding company in sight.
Civil service selections and permanent tenure
for municipal employes is not objectionable if It
' does not impair tht efficiency. The theory it that
it will improve efficiency by eliminating political
tide lines and securing concentration upon the
performance of public duty. Civil service merely
to keep incumbents on the pay roll would hardly
be worth while. -.- -
State, county and local officeholders seeking
legislation for their personal benefit should be
heard by the lawmakers and then tent home.
They should be made Mo understand definitely
that Infesting the lobby at Lincoln will not
strengthen their claims half as much at staying
on the job at home and attending to the business
for which they are paid by the taxpayers.
' Boom in Frozen Sweets
-Naw Varfc Werld-
Why Not a Training Camp for Omaha?
Announcement is made of contemplated sum
mer training camps for citizen soldiers at a num
ber of western army posts, including Forts Sncll
ing, Riley and Russell. This proposed extension
of the service is in a measure but supplementary
to plans formerly prevailing for the training of
the National Guard in connection with summer
maneuvers of the regular army. Fort Riley is
well equipped for the purpose, but why should
either Fort Snelling or Fort Russell be pre
ferred over Fort Crook or Fort Omaha? These
last named posts have splendid quarters, perfect
arrangements for accommodating a much larger
body of men than ia likely to be assembled at a
summer training camp for citizens, and an acces
sibility that render them much more convenient
and attractive. The re-establishment of a train
ing school for the army flyers at Omaha is evi
dence that the War department is not unmindful
of the advantages of the military plants main
tamed here. Why not a summer training school
here as well?
Danger of Too Cheap Money.
Money is cheaper in the United States today
than ever before, while from abroad comes word
that lines are loosening and that an taster feeling
prevails there. The lowering of the discount rate
by the Bank of England reflects this condition
and supports the statement that money as such
is plentiful, even where war has upset the usual
course of business.
The danger in such a situation lies in its in
evitable stimulus to speculation. Unwise or risky
ventures or even premature development of in
dustry, just because money is cheap, are perilous.
The. lowering of the interest rate, coupled with
maintenance of the high price level, indicates
a lack of business balance essential to genuine
deep-rooted prosperity. Plenty of money to do
the legitimate work of the commercial world is
always to be desired, but a plethora tends to an
unhealthy condition. While the change in rates
may be a forerunner of the readjuttment that
mast be had to re-establish the needed equili
brium, prudent people, however, will lean care
fully all Invitations to invest and make assurance
doubly sure that they are not buying blocks of
speculative blue sky.
' The Stat School Endowmtnt.
From the very first batch of bills presented in
the legislature it is evident that questions relat
ing to the state school endowment will demand
much attention from our lawmakers. So far at
anyone can see, the school fundi are now and
hav been, at least In recent years, weO handled,
but the huge figures to which they have" at
tained naturally make them a mark for those
who might benefit from their administration.
' The first attack looks to a reversion to the
old practice of telling off the school lands instead
of adhering to the present plan of leasing con
tracts.. On this score The Bee has already de
fined its position as opposed to sale and has in
dicated how the objection to the leasehold sys
tem may be met by making long-time contracts
subject to periodic reappraisement with stipula
tion for payment to counties in lieu of local taxes.
Proposals are also forthcoming to enlarge the
field of school fund investments, particularly to
permit purchase of federal land bank bonds. Orig
inally these Investments wert restricted by the
constitution to United States and state securities
tnd county bonds of this state and a later amend
ment added registered school district bonds of
this state "and such other securities as the legis
lature may from time to time direct" Provision
was also made for realizing on the school fpnds
tied up in bonds of other states and reinvestment
in bonds of the subdivisions of our own state
so that the money might be used to finance our
own public improvements rather than to relieve tht
needs of other states. . That this wss a good move
has been proved by results; for the school fund
has had no difficulty in finding ample opportuni
ties for safe Investment at good rates in our own
tounty, city and school bonds. There may be no
special harm in adding land bank bonds to the
list of approved securities, but the purchase of
land bank bonds, which means loan of the school
money indirectly to private individuals, should be
subject to prior public claims represented by
offerings of county, city and school bonds issued
for public improvement or, developments of pub
lic resources. : .
Still other efforts are to be pot forward to
change the basis of school fund apportionment
For years this basis was pro rata to the num
ber of children of school age, on the theory that
all should share equally. The last legislature sue
combed to a demand to distribute one-fourth of
the money equally to all school districts, regard
less of number of pupils, number of schools or
amount of school work done, to this extent fav
oring the sparse districts at the expense of the
populous ones. While no one can properly ob
ject to a fair apportionment basis, the distribu
tion should not be merely a "grab bag," but
should rest upon ome sound principle of equality
and uniformity, recognizing the character of the
endowment as a sacred trust for all school chil
dren of the state, present and future, with no pref
erential claims for any part of them or any spe
' In no legislation so much as in that affecting
the school funds art our lawmakers under deep
obligation to rise above personal and local con
siderations and reach a judgment on the broad'
est and most far-sighted lines.
; i : Not alone in making and buying more auto-
; mobiles did we, as a people, give evidence of the
I abounding prosperity of last year. We also, in
j ; 1916, increased our ice cream production by more
, i than 33,000,000 gallons. And for the year's vield
! we paid almost $300,000,000. Apparently we have
j placed the frozen sweets very near to the list
I of luxuries ranking as necessaries. Dr. Holmes
; I would have difficulty In nnrfina far hia hrutlr
j a deacon so little accustomed to his ice cream as
1 1 to treat it as a pudding of rare species.
.!(: Nevertheless, we discover from the national
secretary's report of the trade that we have not
'j yet placed our frozen dessert on the broadest
1 possible footing in its own land. We hava our
i great ice cream territory east of the Illinois river
ii j and nortn ot trie Mason and Uixon line. Within
these bounds two-thirds of the croo of 1916 was
:' I consumed. NewvYork City alone took care of
j 34.000,000 gallons. ' Evidently a great field of
, I missionary work for freezers lies in our wide west
i ' and our solid south. Can we not make our ica
i j cream sodas is popular throughout those regions
! as, unaer me spur ot lannee tourists interest,
. i tney nave necome in London r
i i . On one further ooint of reoort. it is the
1 ; ' pected that happens. Ire cream, we may be sure,
will go up this year. "The mounting cost of sup
. plies," says the secretary, etc, etc. A familiar,
; i many-pointeo raic. ice cream will join the climb-
j en on their own ladder of logic. Being more pop'
I i 1 ular, it will also be more desr. , -
) .. I ..-.' . ...'. '
' Extending Local Civil Service Rule.
A bill i to be presented to the legislature
with the full endorsement of most of the Doug'
las delegation, establishing civil service rules
to cover all city employes not already
protected. School teachers, firemen and police
men now enjoy permanent tenure in Omaha, after
probationary services to determine fitness. A
properly prepared law which includes employes
in other departments of the local government
will be welcome, for the need of a continuing or
ganization of experienced people to carry on tht
public service, regardless of political exigencies,
is admitted. One point not to be overlooked,
though, is that the essence of civil service de
pends as much upon merit tests for appointment
and promotion as upon undisturbed tenure dur
ing good behavior. Also, the taw should be de
signed to prevent the pay roll being loaded up
with a horde of taxeaters. Omaha doesn't want
to support a lot of fancy figureheads in permanent
places just because they have gotten the habit
of being so supported.
The India poet and mystic, Sir R. Tagorc,
reserved hit criticism of things American until
ready to sail for home. Having bagged all the
swag in sight, discretion goes to the winds. '
That Pottawattamie Farmer
-Naw York TlaMl
If vou are a farmer with 100 acres of winter
wheat, and most of it of poor grade, so that you
probably will not have more than half a crop;
if it would be all right to let your crop stay in
wheat at the present price, and not plow, the land
up and put it in corn, but if you would lose a lot
of money in case wheat falls to 90 cents or so,
you are naturally in a quandary. That is the po
sition of a western farmer who writes to ine
Omaha Bee and asks for exact information, so
that he will know what to do about it. After
explaining his situation, which is that of "quite
a sprinkling of farmers," as he explains, he comes
to the point:
"Now, what I want to get at is this: win tne
war last another year, and is Germany .going to
be beaten? Xhave been a constant reader of your
paper for several years, and other papers also.
I have been construing the information from odds
and ends that I noticed in both that the Germans
would be the winners and that the allies could
not win. Lately, however, a neighbor of mine
who has returned from Rhode Island, and who ia
a man I rely on for speaking the truth as he
konestly sees it, tells me that the Germans who
are not in the army are starving. He says that
is popular opinion there. I have for some weeks
been watching closely what a Mew Joric paper
has been saying on the subject, and I don't know
what to think; hence, as a reader, would like
to ask for an opinion. What is the real truth?
will the war go on, or not.-
He adds that he does not ask merely "out
of curiosity," but that "many farmers would like
to know from The Bee itselt." We may be wrong,
but it is impossible not to suspect that all this
tribulation and uncertainty is due to the neighbor
who went to Rhode Island. Everything seems
to have been going all right until this restless per
son went rummaging for trouble around the
east. Why could he not have let well enough
alone? By reading the western papers the Pot
tawattamie county farmers the troubled reader
hails from Pottawattamie had learned how tne
war was eoina to end. and everybody was happy.
When this disturbing voyageur began, rambling
around the east and coming back with astound
ing reports about what is popular opinion there,
he flung a red brand of discord into the home
of peace and certainty.
We are disposed, too. to blame somewhat the
Pottawattamie county inquirer himself. The dis
cordant voice of the explorer seems to have dis
turbed him so much that he has "for some weeks
been watching closely a New York paper on the
subject." No wonder his mind is unsettled and he
"doesn't know whaf to think." He has chosen
the wrong way to his lost peace of mind. Let him
give up the bad habit of watching closely the New
York paper; let him listen no more to vagrom
men who go sloshing around the effete east and
bringing back alarming reports; let him go on
reading "your paper and other papers also," pub
lished out in the well-informed west, and he will
come back to his old conclusion "that the Ger
mans would be the winners and that the allies
could not win." Then will he and the sprinkling
of farmers who have been alarmed by the de
pressing discourse of the man who has been to
Rhode Island recover their old serenity.
We resrret. by the way, to note that The Bee
does nothing to restore that lost paradise. It
says that any one who knew how and when the
war would end would make so much money that
he would (hot have to bother about whether to
plant wheat or corn. This is a distressing eva
sion. We feel sure that The Bee's philosophical
and Olympian neighbor, the World-Herald, would
not have given this dry husk to .readers nunger
ing for information.
Uncle Sam a Creditor Nation
' Yark Jaanal af Coma
Our government has practically no indebted
ness abroad. To what extent the securities of
American coroorations or business concerns are
still held in foreign countries there is no means
of ascertaining. We may still be a debtor nation
to a larse amount, but we know that we are a
creditor nation to the extent of more than K.IAKJ,-
000.000. and probably the balance.of indebtedness
is considerably in our tavor. Une ot our reviews
of the financial experience of the country at the
end of last year showed witn approximate accu
racy to what extent foreign loans have been
placed in the United States as the result of the
immense Borrowing ui mc iiaiiuua at. war
Eurooe. I -
The total of foreign loans that had been taken
here up to that time was $2,325,900,000, and it was
estimated on reliable data that $175,000,000 had
been repaid, leaving outstanding $2,150,900,000.
At least $1,900,000,000 of this consists of war
loans and nearly one-half of that, or $908,000,000. is
due from Great Britain, which has done much to as
sist financing its allies, i ne u,uuu,uuu borrowed
here by Canada may well be added to the British in
debtedness. Ihese of Canada, are not all strictly
war loans. Only $120,000,000 of that charged to
its account is strictly of that character, though
much of the rest is due to needs indirectly caused
by the war. Alt but $35,000,000 set down to
European account has- been for war expenses.
trance Comes next to Ureat Britain as our
creditor, its loans here amounting to $695,000,000.
included in the total indebtedness with the se
cured government loans is a considerable volume
of banking credits.
The relatively small amount of loans and
credits of neutrals in Europe, amounting to only
. . . . wn J!.:jj t. i r
aooui aoj,wu,uuu, ia aiviaea Dciween swuzerianc
Greece. Norway and Sweden: but about $157,000.-
000 has been advanced to Latin American coun
tries and $5,000,000 to China. These figures do
not cover the whole ground, but they afford a
general idea of the financial obligations of otl
countries held here, and, when added to our great
accumulation of gold during the process of their
issue, indicates a pretty solid basis of financial
strength when the time comes for reversing the
Drocess. which is inevitable sooner of later: not
that we shall become the borrower, but we shall
accept payment in other forms and surrender
securities gradually. We shall also more or less
supply capital from accumulation for productive
International Parcels Post
Health Hint for the Day.
Tt la wall to remember the fact that
meaalea Is meat contagious during
throe nr fnur dava before the eruption
occurs, and tha eontagion dies out
within three or four day alter ma ap
pearance of tba eruption.
One Year Ago Today in the War.
Parte reported pac negotiations
between Austria and Montenegro
broken on. ' .
Italians repulsed vigorous assault
by Austrian near Tolmino and Os
lavia. ' .t
rajirjuiua. with loss of Kuns. munitions
Ruasians Degan new w
Besaarablan front eaat of Csernowlta,
making four separate attacks.
In Omaha Thirty Tear Ago.
Tha Mara and Strlnea are proudly
waving from the Paddock building
on Eleventh and Douglas, which waa
constructed by tha new eenator-elect
Chris Hansen, manager or ueorge
Hetmrod's Sixteenth street grocery,
la home from Burlington and is just
aa Jolly a ever.
8tudents of the higher classes at
Crelghton college had a lively debate
on "The Missouri compromise. i
One important result of the war already ef
fected In the trade of the world is the great in
crease in the use of the parcels post systems of
nearly all countries. There is in interesting
analysis ot this in l he Americas.
According to this article, leaving Germany and
its allies out of consideration, the rest of the
world has apparently doubled its mail traffic in
small parcels since the beginning of the war.
England in 1913 shipped out 4,637,902 parcels by
post, as against 6,964,902 in 1916. In particular
Great Britain's traffic with Holland and Russia
has increased enormously. One of the most re
markable increases, though, has been the erowth
of Japan's business with Russia. Last year Japan
sent to Russia by parcels post articles valued at
$3,847,727, as against articles valued at $98,622 in
The United States exported through the mails
in 1915-1916 !, 351.639 parcels having a total
weight of 6,269,093 pounds, as against 936,365
parcels weighing 3,347,899 pounds posted to for
eign lands in 1914-15. The National City bank
thinks that the United States "is coming along
well" in this field, but believes that some reasons
why "America has not developed the narcels
post in foreign business" to the same extent as
Germany, France and England are the "excellent
service" rendered by our private express com
panies, and the lack of any developed system of
insuring parcels outward bound from the United
states, as well as the lack ot a system for send
ing them "U. UD.
afnrmattve was argued by J. McCar
vllle and T. McOovern, the negative
by George Mercer and Edward Furay.
John P. Clow, pugilist has ttttea
un a comolete gymnasium and boxing
school over Dellecher's on Farnam and
ia ready to receive pupil tor instruction.
Two firemen from No. engine
house succeeded in capturing a thief
who waa effecting an entrance by pry
ing out one of the kitchen windows in
the residence of Fire Chief Oalligan,
1511 South Eleventh street
Misa Florence Harvey, a teacher in
the Farnam school, received the sad
intelligence of the audden death of
her sister at Milwaukee.
While Dr. Peabody was driving
along South Tenth the wheel of hia
buggy dropped through the slot be
tween the cable car plates. The wheel
waa smashed, the horses ran away
and the doctor waa thrown out
spraining his wrist.
This Day In History.
HOT General Robert E. Lee born
in Westmoreland county, Virginia.
Died at Lexington, Va., October 12,
1800 Edgar Allan Poe, the poet
and author, born In Boston. Died in
Hertfordshire, England. Died In Lon
don, March IS, 1808. - .. ,
111 Territori; 1 lerialatur of Ala
bama first met at Bt Stephens.
l3 A British force seised Aden,
a port on the southern coast of Ara
bia, near the entrance to the Red Sea.
1848 Gold waa first discovered in
California by Jamas Wilson Marshall.
lSfl Georgia passed an act of se
1887 A festival in celebration of
the coronation of the king ot Prussia
took place in Berlin.
1890 Duke of Aosta, Prince Ama-
deus, who had a brief career as king
of Spam, died in Rome. Born in Turin,
May 80, 1846.
1901 Hazing abolished at West
Point by an agreement signed by the
cadets. - .
1905 A saluting battery scattered
grape shot In the direction of the caar
at the ceremony of the blessing of the
1916 Twenty strikers were shot by
factory guards at Roosevelt N. J.
The Day We Celebrate.
W. Scott King Is lust 54 years old.
He was born on a farm in Colfax
county and his father was one of the
pioneers of Nebraska.
Major General Frederick Barton
Maurice, who has been acting as chief
director of military operations at the
British war office, born forty-six years
Right Hon. Augustine Blrrell. for
mer chief secretary for Ireland, born
near Liverpool, sixty-seven years ago
Rev. John Louis Nuelsen, bishop of
me MetnoaisT jupiscopai church, for
merly in Omaha, but now in charge
of Its work In continental Eurooe.
born at Zurich, Switzerland, fifty years
Dr. David Starr Jordan, chancellor
emeritus of Leland Stanford, jr., uni
varsity, born at Gainesville, N. T.
sixty-six years ago today.
Dr. William W. Keen, noted sur
geon, president ot American Philo
sophical society, born in Philadelphia,
eighty years ago today. He delivered
an address in Omaha a few years aao.
Albert J. Earling, president ot the
Chicago, Milwaukee & St Paul rail
way, born at Richfield, Wia, sixty,
eight years ago today.
Arnold C. Gandil, first baseman ot
the Cleveland American league base
Dan team, oorn at St Paul, twenty,
eight years ago today.
Fanner Wants No City Advice.
T1- l. uAV Tan 17. TO
the Editor of The Bee': Your editorial
on roada would lead us farmers to
think that you as well as others in
clues ana towns, sucn as auio
and commercial clubs, think the farm-
4nn' buna hn tn mn their DVB
affairs and that we will have to sub
mit to what the city reuow sobs m
to give us. When we farmers want
hard roads I guesa we will know
enough to build , them.
Jerry Still on the Job.
LJncoln. Jan. 18. To the Editor of
The Bee: I desire to congratulate the
political machine at Omaha, also the
captains of Industry, tor their judg
ment in their selection ot guardians
to look after their political destinies,
etc, at Lincoln. These custodians are
discharging their laborious duty faith
fully and well. Any move here cannot
escape their notice.
To illustrate. I shall cite a case.
House Roll No. 4 Infringed somewhat
on the political machine and corpora
tions. This bill provides for an eight-
hour day and a minimum wage or nor
lean than 20 cents oer nour ior an
work performed upon any municipal
undertaking or by virtue or any con
tract with any person, firm, company
or corporation in cities having more
than 40,000 inhabitants. I perceive
wherein said bill gave inspiration to
that exalted body in the city hall to
advocate aa ordinance to raise the
wages of a fractional part of the m
nicipal employes, thereby protecting
the millionaire contractors wno are ex
ploiting the working men for yean.
It this august body which hold the
fort at the city hall Is sincere why
don't it pass an ordinance to raise the
wages of all the laborers employed in
municipal works? Or are they only
Interested In raising the handsome
monthly salaries of the favored fewT
It would not surprise me if this or
dinance "out over" at the council
meeting would not be substituted as a
makeshift to prevent the passage of
House Roll No. 4.
There are some very able political
diplomats at work at all kinds of
schemes to obstruct the passage of any
Mil that has for Its purpose tne upnrt
of the downtrodden, oppressed ana
persecuted labor class.
Timely Jottings and Reminders.
The birthday anniversary of General
Robert E. Lee, leader of the military
forces of the confederate states of
America, will be generally observed
today tnrougnout the south.
Secretary ot War Baker will b the
orator today at the annual celebration
of Washington and Lee day at Wash
ington ana Lee university at Lcxlng.
Credit men of Missouri cities are to
meet at St. Joseph today to form a
state organisation for co-operation in
legislative and other matters of com
The Tri-State Grain Growers' as
elation, representing the grain growers
of Minnesota and the two Dakotaa, is
to meet at Fargo, K. D., today for its
Delegates from all the oak produc
ing sections of the United States are
expected In Memphis today for the
annual convention ot the American
Oak Manufacturers association.
Tale's foot ball victories over Hex
vard, Princeton and other rivals will
be formally celebrated today in New
York City, when the coaches and slay.
era will be the guests of the Yale club
A project for a state-owned paper
mill io aorve tne prooiam or tne high
cost of print paper will he considered
by the Northern Minnesota Editorial
association at Its annual meeting to be
nem roaay ar tirainera.
Storyette of the Day.
During the Impaneling of a jury in
Philadelphia the following colloquy
ensued between tha judge and a tales
"You are a property holder?"
"Yea air." ;..
"Married or single T"
"Married three year last March. "
"Have you formed or expressed any
; "Not for three years, your honor.
fanA rnnA under such conditions
shows a lack of practical sense in
adapting means to ends. UI course,
The Bee carefully avoids committing
Itself to any specific recommendation
as to kind of roads, but It is acting in
harmony with those who are not so
The Bee is In favor of home rule on
the liquor question, but In favor of
Washington rule on making roads tor
local communities. I. D. EVANS.
The Appaun Case.
Benson, Neb., Jan. 18. To the
Editor of The Bee: The most re
markable Incident in the Appam case
Is that the German government should
consider it worth while to appeal the
case to the United States supreme
court Submission to the German
government's contention would, beyond
a shadow of a doubt be upholding a
violation of neutrality by the German
naval forces, would destroy territorial
water rights of the united States and
would justify Great Britain delivering
an ultimatum demanding the surrend
er of all German ships in united
States ports. Therefore the supreme
court of the united States is legally
bound to confirm tha ruling of Fed
eral Judge WaddlL
THOMAS HENRI WATK1NB.
Kenesaw, Neb., Jan. 17. To the
Editor ot The Bee: The editorial in
Monday's Bee defining the position of
the paper In road building leaves much
to be desired, xou say, "Wnat una pa
per has done is to argue for the con
struction of highways adapted 'to the
needs of the state, the work to be
done under control of central author
ity, that uniformity may be secured
and that the best possible roads be
This leaves the matter pretty well
In the air, the only definite thing ad
vised being the building of roads under
central control, that unitormity may
be secured. The prime objection to
this is that the national aid scheme
supplants local control by moving the
authority from the county to Wash
ington, D. C. Central control by a
state highway commission and the
United States secretary ol agriculture
supplants local self-government by a
beaurocracy that knows nothing ol lo
cal conditions and is guaranteed to be
enormously expensive. If the local af
fairs ot communities 1,000 miles dis
tant from Washington are to be man
aged by the secretary of agriculture
then it is useless to claim that there
is a semblance ot self-government re
The idea that uniformity is desired
Is in direct conflict with the other
idea that roads adapted to the needs
of the state should be constructed, be
cause conditions vary widely In differ
ent parts of the state and the roads
should vary to correspond.
As Nebraska is supported by its
farms and farmers, so any system of
highway building that does not give
first consideration to the roads leading
from the farm to the market town
la based on a wrong conception of
public -utility and efficiency,
The talk about Its costing the Ne
braska farmers more to haul their
products than the farmers of other
states which have expended large
sums in road Improvement is not based
on facts. Nature helps Nebraska to
good roads at small cost Any good
two-horse team will haul sixty bush
els of wheat to market over our roads
as they are and haul two tons of coal
back home. It' is not uncommon, in
fact to see a team hauling a triple
box full of wheat to market a load
weighing nearly 5,000 pounds. To nd
vocate paved or expensive hard-sur-
An About tbe Robbery.
Pnlianria. Neb.. Jan. 18. To the
Editor of The Bee: I ask the privi
lege to use your valuable columns for
this open letter which I have ad
dressed to President Wilson:
"I see by the papers that you have
started to investigate the high cost
of living and I wish to say that farm
ers, stock men and laboring men who
create the wealth of this country are
not to blame or in any way responsi
ble for the high cost of living. Tho
fact is, the farmers are doing all in
their power to decrease the price of
farm products. Are not the eleva
tors full of wheat? The visible supply
nf wheal ia about (0.000.000 bushels
and the farmers have million of
bushels more on hand that tney are
anxious to send to market
But the despots of tbe eountry
refuse to let the railroads that they
ar running for the states as agents
furnish can. Are not the store houses
of this country full of meat butter
and eggs and other farm products?
What more can the farmer do? They
feed and clothe the people of the
world. The trouble is, the pirates and
tha secret thieves, that rob by law,
are between the farmers and the consumer.
'Conaress has betrayed the Ameri
can people for over titty years. They
created a banking corporation with
out any right or authority and, practi
cally speaking, they turned the power
ot the constitution of the United States
to coin money and regulate the value
thereof over to the corporation they
created, which robs the people or
their tights, power and profit
'Now, Mr. president wno is u mat
is asking or demanding this usurpa
tion of power at your nanasT is it
not the people of the national bank
government that was created by con-'
gress7 1 believe the people nave a
right to know who their traitors or
enemies are. Should not the crime of
treason be as great when the union
attempts to destroy states, as It is
when states attempt to destroy the
union. LESLIE H. LAWTON."
Martin Crania has aola tba Chambera
Butie to J. W. McLean at Omaha. Tha
transfer waa nude tba tret of tha year.
Editor White kaa diaeonthraad tha peMi-
eatloa of tha Bracing Boeeter because af
auuffleieBt patronase. B will Itart a job
offlea at Hebron.
Arthur V. Shaffer la editing the Cam
bridge Clarion daring tha aheenee af ita
editor, J. W. Hammond, who ia serving a
ixtr-day lentenee ia tha etate lenata.
' Tha Teeumaeh Chieftain entered ita fif
tieth rear laat week. Ita preeeat editors,
Brnadasa'and Thnrber, hava seen eoaneetea
with It in varioUB capacities for amra than
thirty rearm. Tha Chieftain ia a live wire
and haa long been a real factor ta pnblie
affairs in Ita section of the state.
Cslsaal J. a Elliott, who was recently
elected attorney for Cumins eoanty, haa aold
tba Weat Point Republican ta B. M. Von
Seevern, who baa been publishing tha Ne
braska Volksblatt, a German weekly. The
two plants have beea oonaoHdated ia tha
Volksblatt office and the publication of that
Norfolk Press : Boas Hammond's paper,
the Fremont Tribune, tells about an Omaha
womaa with a "complexion and eyes af
deep gray." We'd suggest that he have
the society editor read proof on news mat
tea descriptive ot lovely woman that ia, if
he expects to ba a candidate after equal nrf- '
frage becomes the law. -
l Quick Way
f to End Coughs, Coldt
I and Croup
i Am Bxeelleat, laeas-aatve Hamee
X Hade Ke seedy that la
X Prompt aad Sara.
Tf mn K.vn a aPVA- AOUffh OT ehest
cold accompanied with soreness, throa'
tickle, hoarseness, or difficult breathing,
or if your child wakes up during the
night with croup and you want quick
help, just try this pleasant tastins
home-made cough remedy. Any drug:
fist can supply you with 2 Mi ounces ot
inex (AO cents worth). Pour this into
a pint bottle and fill the bottle with
plain granulated sugar wrup. ..Thus
prepared, vou have a pint of really re
markable 'cough remedy one that can
be depended upon to give quick and tast
ing relief at all tin .... .
you ean feel this take bold of a cough
in a way that means business. I'
loosens and raises lbs phlegm, stopi
throat tickle and soothes and heals tht
irritated membranes that line the
throat and bronchial tubes with such
Gromptnees, ease and certainty that it
I really astonishing.
Pinex is a special and highly concen
trated compound of genuine Norway
pine extract, combined with guaiaeol
and is noted for its speed in oTeroomins
severe coughs, throat and ehest colds.
Its millions ot enthusiastic users have
made it famous the world over.
There are many worthless Imitations
of this noted mixture. Ta avoid disap
pointment ask for "S ounces of
Pinex'' with full directions and dost
accent anrthme else. A guarantee of
absolute satisfaction or money promptly
refunded, goes with this prrparation.
The Pinex Co, Ft Wayne, lad.
The Baby Grand for
4 feat 8 Inches.
Will fit in your favorite corner
of your room. No matter how
restricted the space area, this
wonderful little grand piano re
quires no more than an upright
Renowned artists and musical
conservatories have enthusias
tically commended the remark
able rich and full tone of this
beautiful small grand.
Price 465'aad $485.
A. HOSPE CO.
1513-1515 Douglaa Street
The next time you suffer with
headache, indigestion, bilious
ness or loss of appetite, try
MssfAs, MedlckM IsBsaWeria.
sat rarafi fimsjir
Cough asd Cold
Powered by Open ONI