Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 16, 1917)
THE BEE: OMAHA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 16, 1917.
fTHE OMAHA DAILY BEE
FOUNDED BY EDWARD ROSEWATE
VICTOR ROSEWATER, EDITOR
THE BEK PUBLISHING COMPANY. PBOPRIETOB
Entered1 t Omasa poirtoffleo as iw4lm matter
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION
Br Carrier Br Mall
v 1 ' per month
Daily ami Stindar 6
Daily without Sunday ,..,..4oe
Evening and Sunday see.....
Eimimi WIIBHt OMIHWJ .........--''----- -
Sunday Bee only "?; Vtaee
Daily and Sunday Bee, three yeara in advenee. '
Send notice of nane of address or Irresmlaritj Is e
livery to Omaha Bee, Cirenlation Deportment.
Remit hy draft, express or poets! order. Only I-eent stomps
taken hi payment of email saeounta. Personal eneeas,
eaeept on Omaha and aaatarn oachanso. not aeeeptao.
Omaha The Bee bufldlnff.
Sooth Omaha 2S18 N. street. m
Council Bhiffi 14 North Mais street.
Linooln 624 Little Bnildhv.
Chieavo 818 People's Gas Bnildlne.
New York Room IDS, 184 Fifth avenue.
! St Louis 603 New Bank of Commerce.
Waahinttos 721 Fourteenth atreet, N. W.
Address communication! relating- to news and editorial
matter to Omaha Bee, Editorial Department.
', - DECEMBER CIRCULATION
53,368 Daily Sunday 50,005
Dwltht WlllUma. circulation manatar of The Bee
Poblisfaine company, beinr duly sworn, aaya that the
averace eirenution for the month of December, 1914, waa
l,4 daUy and 10.005 Sunday.
DWIGHT WILLIAMS, Circulation Manatar.
Subscribed in my presence and eworn to before mo
this 4tb day of January, 1017.
C. W. CARLSON, Notary Fublla.
'. Subscribers leaving ths city temporarily .
should bar The Baa mailed to tham. Act-
dress will be changed aa often aa raquattad. -
V ' ' ' -
Some legislative bills only clothe i delicste
invitation in legal verbiage. ' ,'
.It would ' seem that some of. those "Tom"
Lawson cartoons were a trifle premature.
. A blanket of "the beautiful" a foot deep gives
Texas the finishing touch as a resort of winter.
The "silent sentinel" of the White House are
said to have cold feet. Impossiblel The trail is
too hot. ' .'
The privilege of having their pictures in the
paper is doubtless considered glory enough for
those White House suffrage pickets.
: The astonishing growth of Omaha bank clear
ings emphasizes' the wisdom of recent enlarg
ments of local banking houses and facilities. -
Living cost steadily 'mounts in the warring
countries and distress increases in proportion.
Still the well-fed enthusiasts insist that war is a
Although fly time, is several months away, the
presence of several corporation swatters at the
state house suggests active support of (he policy
of preparedness. ;
; It is evident the Navy department has much
to learn about the California coast. It is also evi
dent that the Eureka school is too expensive fof
. ' the best way to expedite the count in the
election is to shorten the ballot by cutting out
the offices that are superfluous or can be filled
better by appointment
If farmers do not want good roads, usable in
wet as well as dry weather, the improvement may
be deferred, but not defeated. Meanwhile the
farmer is the chief loser.
. That nervy, Nebraska lawmaker who would
regulate coffin bills may get away with It for
awhile, provided he la youthful and healthy.
Eventually the undertakers will "get him."
Despite his failure to boost the newspaper
postage, Postmaster General Burleson retains
the esteem of the craft. Should occasion arise his
picture is assured a place "next to pure reading
matter"..- .. ; !,'., u - s ; - r
The second round of the legal battle to annul
2-cent passenger rate laws in the west ended like
the first in favor of. the states. The decision of
Federal Judge Landi gives railroad attorneys
the dazed feeling. - . ,
The new Commercial club regime will have to
speed up just the. same to keep ahead of the
record of the immediately preceding administra
tion, though with the transmitted momentum it
should, and doubtless will, do it.
Still, the agitation to make the study of Lin
coln compulsory in public schools would appeal
more strongly, even to those of us whose admira
tion for Lincoln is unbounded, if it did not smack
so much of book trust promotion.
The democratic office holder whose title is
attacked for exceeding his campaign expense
limit says the corrupt practices act is obscure.
What he really means is that he himself is not
as good at mathematics as he ought to be.
Shafti Aimed at Omaha
Hastings Tribune: A couple of Omaha de
tectives arrested some "crooked" poker play
ers. When it comes to spotting poker players
you just have to give it to those Omaha sleuths.
Nebraska City Press: The enforcement of
promotion m a Dig city is a man's-sized job.
Omaha couldn't hope to cone with the situation
without help. . It should not object when Gov
ernor wevwe oners his service.
Xeligh Leader: ' Doua-las countv members in
the legislature have started in early to wash their
dirty linen, of which they always have a plentiful
supply, and It' needs vigorous laundry work.
Howell, one of the senators, accuses the other
senators from that county of beinsr tools of the
corporations, tc. As the, parties involved are
all democrats it, does not concern the repub
licans except that it takes up the time of the
senate to no purpose.- What Howell says about
his colleagues may be true, but it is to smile
wnen sucn charges, come tfom Howell.
Kearney Democrat. The Omaha Bee be.
lieves that the liquor laws ousht to he an ar
ranged that the up-alley club room and the back
door Dooze joints in Umaha be eliminated, while
the Omaha World-Herald makes sport of such
an act and classes those who would make
Omaha, and other Nebraska cities clean of such
business as belonging to "boozehounds" and
compares the undertaking as a companion of the
"bloohound" variety.'' The World-Herald ob
jects to anybody smelling of its breath, and per
haps after one test the ordeal wouldn't be re
peated. The Bee thinks, however, that as the
people have voted to have a saloon less state the
demands of the people should bo aa well pro
tected against the illicit dealing in liquor as it
u against tnc violation ol other criminal pro
hibttory laws, ". , ... .. .
In the extract which we have printed from
the inaugural of Governor Capper of Kansas he
hits the nail of topheavy and extravagant gov
ernment squarely on the head in a way just as
pertinent for us in Nebraska as for his constitu
ency in Kansas. It is so self-evident that we are
governed too much, or rather have too much gov
erning machinery, that further demonstration is
unnecessary. As Governor Capper says, the mul
tiplication and complication of unnecessary
boards, commissioners and officers charged with
the conduct of public affairs would never be tol
erated for an instant in private business and there
is no good reason why the state and county and
city should cling to wasteful and obsolete systems
and refuse to adopt modern labor-saving, time
expediting and money-economizing methods.
Nebraska's state house is about as board-ridden
and commission-ridden as it well could be
and yet we have proposals for more boards and
more commissions. Here in Omaha we have
four sets of local governments county, city,
school district and water district doing busi
ness over the same territory and for the same
people on money coming out of the same pock
ets. We seem nnable to realize that the high cost
of living and the high cost of government are
closely related and every merger of governing
authorities is offset by the creation of new of
There is no doubt that if we could have the
machinery of our state and local governments
recast and rebuilt on efficiency lines we could
save for the tsxpayers at least half of their
money or, rather, give them 100 cents of return
for every dollar for which they now get only SO
cents value. Why, then, should we wait until the
load becomes unbearable before setting about in
earnest to lighten it?
No Mooching on the Land Bank. ,
It isn't a very pleasant commentary on Ameri
can ways of doing business that the farm loan
banks should be made the subject of a bit of
questionsble manipulation before even the first
one is opened for business. Through the undue
enterprise of a surety bond company the new in
stitution is already made the subject of solicita
tion of its agents to inveigle themselves into
bsnk positions, the effect of which must excite
Invidious comment Member Norris of the board
very promptly has rebuked the energetic execu
tive of the company in question, and it is hardly
likely that more will be heard from that source.
However, the incident calls attention to the ne
cessity of local organizations exercising extreme
vigilance, that they be relieved from even the sus
picion of graft in getting the machinery ready for
operation. Machinations of private corporations
to turn the farm loan banks even indirectly to
their own profit if successful would hardly popu
larize these institutions when discovery is made.
' Organised Agriculture in Nebraska.
One of the most notable assemblages of the
season is now gathered at Lincoln, a meeting of
farmera and scientists, who will discuss farming
in all ita branches and ramifications. It is
through such methods the stste has been brought
to the forefront in both quality and quantity of
its production. The Nebraska farmer is not only
progressive, but is aggressive as well. He doesn't
hesitate to experiment, nor to apply knowledge
gained through another's experience. A' great
college of agriculture is maintained by the state
i- l I J . I . i . C:
tur rcacsrtn snu development worx, ana scien
tists there and in the field are continually en
gaged on the farmers' problems, not only to im
prove the breed, bnt to increase i the yield, and
the great industry has gained immensely through
this service, -. '.
- The present session amounts to a clinic in
every department of the farm's complex activi
ties, and from it must come benefit' to all.
A noteworthy feature of the gathering will be
the preaence of a large delegation of farmera
from the northwestern part of the state, who
travel in a specially chartered Pullman train.
These men come from a county that thirty years
ago grew little but tumble weed and bunch grass.
Their present prosperity is but a small evidence
of the advance in Nebraska within a generation.
This is the land of opportunity, and nobody re
alizes it more fully than the Nebraska farmer. '
Organizing a New Congress
-Edgar C. Snyder
WaahUf tea Csmapaadent af The Bee
For the fifth time in the history of congress
the office of clerk of the house of representatives
becomes of supreme political importance.
No party has a majority in the house-elect of
the Sixty-fifth congress. The process of organi
zation of the new house must begin with the clerk
of the present house presiding until a speaker is
elected. By time-honored practice fashioned after
the rule of the British Parliament, the clerk in
the next former congress takes the chair and
holds it until the speaker is chosen. That prac
tice, with one exception, has been followed in the
American house ever since the first congress.
The Legislature of 1907.
Our democratic friends down at Lincoln are
talking of imitating the example of the legisla
ture of 1907,: They couldn't pick a better model.
That legislature, controlled in both branches by
republicans, made a record which still stands
without equal in Nebraska history. Its mem
bers were elected on a platform of definite prom
ises, and it redeemed each promise in order.
Every pledge made before election was enacted
into law,1 and each law was signed by a republi
can governor, and when the aession was ended it
was with a clean slate. Reformatory laws then
pasaed hive stood the test of the courts,-are still
on the books, and citizens of Nebraska have the
benefit of them. This legislature, however, was
bitterly assailed by the democrats, who even to
day claim credit for legislation then passed by
republicans. The lawmakers of today can do no
better than to emulate the example of those of
1907. Only the shifty politicians will consider
the likelihood of being overtaken by the ingrati
tude of the people, as were the legislators who
made up that body, now coming to be recog
nized as the best of its kind the state ever knew.
A joint commission of city and state experts
recently advised the governor of the Empire state
and the mayor of New York City what steps were
necessary to check the rising cost of living. Mean
while a state tax commission is devising meana
of raisins more revenue to meet a state kri.
of $80,000,000. Thus while one body searched for
sources ot economy the other plans to reach the
saving. The dear public gets the hammer both
ways. . ,
A Philadelphia nreacher favored with mM.
information told the Ministerial association that
"the proportion of women to men in heaven is
about three to one. nossiblv five to one." Thin
semi-official census bears out the conclusion of
a peppery wife who visited heaven in her dreams.
"Did you see me there?" asked the humble minor
half. "Yea, yon were there then I knew h was
One man objects to the nenaltv vtem r
enforcing promptness in paying electric lighting
Bins, l he same penalty, however, is incorporated
in water bills, gas bills. teleDhone bills, ire, kill.
and milk bills. Why should the prompt-pay
patron have to chip in to carry the slowjiay man?
1 hat is one place where private business ran
well emulate the public service company.
Congress had been running along smoothly for
fifty years on this understanding when, in 1839,
a house was elected which was politically so
heterogeneous a mass that just what were the
duties of the clerk as presiding officer came seri
ously into question. The first clerk to be en
tangled by difficulty was Hugh A. Garland of Vir
ginia in the Twenty-sixth congress 1839. A
house had been elected without any party hav
ing a majority, the parties then contending for
power being whigs and democrats. It proved to
be the most disorderly and uncontrollable house
that had met in the history of congress. Gar
land, who had been clerk in the preceding con
gress, according to .custom, took the chair at
the opening of the Twenty-sixth congress and
proceeded to call the roll. The call had got as
far as the state of New Jersey, when the clerk
stopped, calling attention to the fact that the
claims of five of the seats from that state were
in dispute and saying it was for the house to
decide what action should be taken as to them.
The members of the house had been expecting
trouble over New Jersey's representation. That
state had a law providing for the election of its
six members en block, the six receiving the high
est number of votes being elected. It had been
a very close election, with both whigs and demo
crats claiming victory and charging fraud against
each other. , One party brought certificates from
the governor and the other certificates from the
secretary of state. The whigs had the governor,
and when the clerk failed to call the names of
the five members who had the governor's certifi
cates there was an angry protest from the house
whigs. The clerk .refused to proceed until the
noose aectaeu tne quesuon lor useii. i ne demo
crats were quite as insistent and vehement as
the whigs, charging fraud and declaring the clerk
had no right to yield to the dictation of the whigs.
Thereupon arose a long and acrimonious debate
as to the duties of the clerk. It continued ten
days, at times it was characterized by the wild
est disorder. The sergeant-at-arms was kept busy
with his mace, trying to restore order and pre
vent members from riotous conduct. Words led
to blows and there were not a few fisticuff fights.
It was the venerable John Quincy Adams, then
in his seventy-second year and serving his third
term in the nouse since he had been president,
who led the way to a settlement ;. Eloquently re
buking the house for the conduct which destroyed
its usefulness he ventured to put a question to it
which called for a vote. Representative R. Barn
well Rhett of South Carolina offered a resolution
that Mr. Adams preside until a speaker was
elected. The resolution was adopted, and that
after some days of debate led to the election ol
Robert M. T. Hunter (democrat) of Virginia,
who had evinced a fair disposition toward the
whigs, on the eleventh ballot.'' t-
The next close contest over the. organization of
the house occurred in the Thirty-first congress,
when Clerk Thomas J. Campbell of Tennessee had
to preside and Robert C Winthrop of Massachu
setts was chosen speaker, and again in the Thirty
fourth congress, when Clerk John W. Forney of
Pennsylvania . presided until Nathaniel P. Banks,
of Massachusetts, was chosen speaker. .Another
political conglomerate composed t.he house., The
whig party was about to break up, the repub
licans were growing and northern and southern
democrats were at odds, though together they had
a plurality of the strength. Banks was finally
elected after a struggle from early in December
until (February 1. The next and last great strug
gle over organization, and the most seriously ex
citing to the entire country was in the Thirty
sixth congress, When James C Allen of Illinois
had to preside as clerk until a choice of speaker.
In -each of the 'last prolonged contests for
speaker over a hundred different members re
ceived votes in the balloting. In the Thirty
sixfh over half the members were voted for. A
resolution to vote for ail the members alphabeti
cally to try out their strength was seriously con
sidered. One member thought the house ought
to resolve to have no light fuel or food until
a speaker was elected. On January 30 John Sher
man, the republican candidate, who had been re
ceiving the votes of his party all along,' while the
democrats were voting for first one and then an
other of their leaders, withdrew. On February 1
William Pennington (republican), who had been
governor of New Jersey, was elected speaker.
Then the much-tried clerk, James C Allen, found
relief. It was some time in April before the other
officers of the house were elected. It is a singu
lar fact that Pennsylvania have held the office
of clerk during half the life of congress, with
Kentucky next in possession. ,.
'; 'South Trimble, present clerk, due to preside
at the opening of the next congress, should ap
proach the ordeal with no misgivings. He has
been three terms a member of the house and
has had an experience presiding over a legisla
tive body amid tragically troublous times un
equaled by any living man. He was speaker of
the Kentucky legislature during the Goebel con
test for governor, when not only Goebel lost his
life by assassination, but within a month over
thirty men were killed in and around the state
capital, when the state militia backed by 2,500
armed mountaineers, sworn to prevent Goebel's
seating, precipitated a period that tried the souls
of all Kenfuckians. Speaker Trimble so well ac
quitted himself that his people elected him to
congress. Retiring at the end of his third term
he was elected clerk in the Sixty-second con
gress, a post in which he has more than met the
expectations of his democratic supporters and
won, the approbation of all parties. (
Whether Derk Trimble will succeed himself
largely depends upon himself. Barring death Or
resignation he will be confronted with a house
composed of 215 democrats, 21S republicans and
five belonging to neither party. The five not
elected by either party and who defeated regu
larly nominated candidates of both parties are
A. V. Fuller, Ninth Massachusetts, independent
republican; Thomas D. Schall, Tenth Minnesota,
progressive; Meyer London, Twelfth New York,
socialist; Charles R. Randall, Tenth California,
prohibitionist, and Whitmell P. Martin, Third
Louisiana, a "progressive protectionist."
According to expectations of the leaders of
the two parties it is regarded as likely that Schall
and Fuller will support the republicans, while
London and Randall will vote with the demo
crats. So the question arises and will grow in
importance, what course will Martin take?
What "Judge Martin," as he is familiarly
called, will do he has not given the slightest indi
cation, nor is there any hint as to what side will
have his vote on the election of speaker and the
subsequent organization. The republicans earn
estly point to the fact that he has a serious grudge
against the democrats and that as given in his
biography in the Congressional Directory, he
is the "first non-democratic congressman to be
sent from Louisiana in pver twenty-five years."
On the other hand, democrats claim that Judge
Martin, coining of democratic antecedents, from a
district and state overwhelmingly democratic, and
himself long a democrat, will not likely depart
from affiliation in their hour of need with his
former party associates.- Thus the office of clerk,
held by Mr. Trimble, assume a power and sig
nificance it has not had occasion to exercise in
nearly sixty years. i '
Health Hint for the Day.
Anltoxin la practically a sure pre
ventive of diphtheria after expo
sure If given at any time before the
disease is manifest and in large doses
an almost sure eure If given within
the first few hours after the develop
ment of diphtheria.
One Year Ago Today In the War.
British artillery bombarded French
city of Lille, In possession ot Ger
mans. Germans for the first time reported
fighting side by side with Turks in
Reinforced Russian columns pushed
new offensive against Turks In Cau
casus along a 100-mile front
Italian artillery increased Its activ
ity against Monte San Michele and the
bridgeheuds of Tolmlno and Gorlzia.
In Omaha Thirty Years Ago.
Hon. W. R. Vanghan, who has been
a resident of Council Bluffs for the
last eighteen years, during which time
he was mayor for five years, has re
moved with his interesting family to
Omaha. Mrs. Vaughan Is a sister of
P. C. De Vol of the wholesale hard
ware firm of Rector, Wilheimy & Co.
of this city. Mr. Vaughan is one of
the most enterprising men alive, is
way up in secret and benevolent or
ganizations and will succeed In any
venture that he may engage In.
George H. Hagen of Fort Smith,
who has been assigned to take charge
of the signal service hers, has arrived
in the city and is stopping at the Mer
chants. The Eastern Omaha Land company
Bled articles of incorporation with the
county clerk, the incorporators being
G. W. Holdrege, H. W. Yates, L. H.
Tower and R. C. Cushing, associating
themselves together with a. capital
stock of 1250,000 for the purpose of
buying and improving land in Doug
las county, Nebraska, and Pottawat
tamie county, Iowa.
William McCague and C E. Mayne
are selling Benson lots, to which
street cars will run before fall.
The Omaha Toboggan club is plan
ning to give a great carnival In cos
tume on the toboggan slide. The
ladies will be carried to the slide In
a large sleigh. The slide Is Illumi
nated every night and there are al
ways some of the members sliding, ex
cept on Sundays.
This Day In History.
1796 First patent for machine for
heading and cutting nails granted to
Jacob Perkins of Neyburyport, Mass.
1809 Sir John Moore.kllled at bat
tle of Corunna between the British
and French. , ; -
1815 -General Henry. W. Hallack,
chief commander of the federal arm
ies during an early period of the eivil
war, born at Westerville, N. Y. Died
In Louisville January 9, 1872.
1817 Alexander J. Dallas, secre
tary of the treasury under Madison,
died at Trenton, N. J. Born in
Jamaica, West Indies, June 21, 1759.
V.1838 Lord Durham was appointed
governor general of Canada, with spe
cial powers for dealing with rebel
' 1855 First territorial legislature of
Nebraska convened at Omaha.
1865 Edward Everett orator and
statesman, died In Boston, Born at
Dorchester, Masa, April 11, 1794.
187 A bill passed both houses of
congress providing for the admission
of Colorado to statehood. (Vetoed by
1890 Dr. Lyman Abbott was in
stalled as pastor of Plymouth church,
Brooklyn. . - -
1900 Dawson City, Klondyke, al
most destroyed by fire.
1910 Widespread boycott of meat
was started at Washington by Anti
Food Trust league.
1912 President Taft warned the
Cuban 'government that the United
States would intervene if the military
continued to Interfere in I political
The Day We Celebrate.
William H. Thomas, the real estate
and loan man, has a birthday today.
He was born in Utah in 1857 He is
recognized as one of the beet experts
on real estate values in Omaha.
Rt Hon. Ivor Churchill Guest sec
ond Baron Wimborne, the present
lord lieutenant of Ireland, born forty
three years ago today.
Robert W. Service, who has been
named "the poet of the Yukon" and
"the Kipling of the Arctio world,"
born at Preston, England, forty-one
years ago today.
Sir Johnston Forbes-Robertson, one
of the most noted actors of the Eng
lish and American stage, born in Lon
don sixty-four years ago today.
Rear Admiral Charles D. Slgsbee,
IT. S. N retired, who commanded the
battleship Maine when it was de
stroyed at. Havana, born at Albany,
N. Y., seventy-two years ago today.
George V. Hobart well known as
author and playwright, born at Cape
Breton, N. S., fifty years ago today.
J. Ersklne Mayer, pitcher of the
Philadelphia National league base ball
team, born at Atlanta, Ga., twenty
six years ago today.
Timely Jottings and Reminders.
Today is the centennial anniversary
of the death of Alexander J. Dallas,
who was secretary of the treasury un
der Madison and father of the famous
"United States bank."
Republicans of New Jersey will
gather in force today at Trenton for
the inauguration of Governor Walter
K. Edge and the other state officials
chosen In November.
The Inauguration of Governor James
E. Ferguson, marking the beginning
of his second term as chief executive
of Texas, will take place today at
The Board of Health of New York
City today will put into effect an or
der prohibiting the practice of "bloat
ing" oysters, which is estimated to
coBt the consumers many thousands
of dollars yearly. . . , .
Storyette of the Day.
The family ware having guests to
dinner, and 6-year-old Edward had
his supper alone and was sent to bed
somewhat earlier than usual. The ap
petising aroma of roast turkey, in
which he had not shared, reached him
as he lay awake pondering over his
hard fate, and he decided to descend
to the dining room and claim his
But when father, beholding the
small figure at the door, demanded
sternly, "Well, sir, what do you
want?" Edward's courage fell, and
he answered apologetically, "I just
came to see if you would lend me a
bone when you're through with It"
New York Times.
Weaaea tal Hailaad.
The Dutch lower . obaatoer has voted to
make women eligible to, membenhlp la the
Hits a Responsive Chord.
Manley, Neb., Jan. 14. To the
Editor of The Bee: I notice the arti
cle In The Bee, "What Are We Do
ing?" That is what I say, and the
man who wrote that wrote the truth.
I was in the army in 1863, and well
remember that time. If we could
have had President Jackson or Presi
dent Lincoln as president the last four
years I know we would have nothing
now to feel ashamed of. I voted for
Wilson four years ago. but did not this
last time, and It is my opinion that a
aroodly number now wish they had a
good kicking machine so they could j
give themselves a good kicking.
Yours on "Government and Good
Roads" I think Is fine and to the point.
1 came to Nebraska in 1890 and I am
sure the roads in this section were
kept up better under the system of
that period than they are now. What
Is done with the $350,000 now paid
in as auto license? The letter by
Frank A. Agnew deals with a subject
that we should all write about. If
the fourteenth amendment to our con
stitution gives the negro the right to
vote I say it Is time we, who want
to be law-abiding people, should see
that they get their rights.
I like your paper and close with re
spects. W. B. ESSICK.
Plan of the League to Enforce Peace.
New York, Jan. 11. To the Editor
of The Bee: When a movement as
vital as the League to .Enforce Peace
is seen to be sweeping over the coun
try, it is to be expected that doubters,
objectors and maligners will arise.
But would it not be a good plan if
the league's opponents, before becom
ing vocal or rushing into print, should
read the twenty-two words In the
league's preamble, the 164 words con
tained in its four proposals and the
sixty-five words adfied as the official
Interpretation of article III.
Thus in the senate last week'no less
a statesman than Senator Borah was
moved to say: -
"Suppose the United States and Ar
gentina and some of the nations of
Europe enter into a league to enforce
peace, and let us suppose that Ar
gentina and one of the governments of
Europe disagree in one of their dis
putes and Argentina refuses to sub
mit its dispute tq an international trib
unal or to a council of conciliation.
Under the doctrine of the League to
Enforce Peace we would not only have
agreed that the European nations
could come here and get into war with
Argentina, but If we were called upon
we would have to Join with our army
and navy to enforce the matter
This, of course,, is a misstatement
of the league's position. Article III
of the platform, as interpreted by the
executive committee, reads as follows:
"The signatory powers shall jointly
use forthwith .their economic forces
against any of their number that re
fuses to submit any question which
arises to an international Judicial trib
unal or council of conciliation before
issuing an ultimatum or threatening
war. They shall follow this by the
Joint use of their military forces
against that nation If it actually pro
ceeds to Invade another's territory."
It follows, therefore, that if Argen
tina refuses to refer Its dispute with
a European power to an international
tribunal or council of conciliation, the
other members of the league will not
make war, but "forthwith use their
economic forces" against it Indeed,
they will not proceed against Argen
tina at all with their military forces
unless Argentina actually makes war
on the European power. Of course,
if it submits its case to a court or
council and then is dissatisfied with
the decision or recommendation it can
then make war without any resist
ance whatsoever by the league.
A more flagrant misstatement of the
position of the - League to Enforce
Peace is made by Mr. Roosevelt in
his diatribe against the league in the
February Metropolitan magazine.
"The proposals ot this league vary
somewhat from time to time; but in
their essence they , are that nations
shall arbitrate all questions and that
they shall agree to enforce the de
crees of the arbitral court by war."
In the first place, the league's pro
posals have not beenehanged one iota
since their adoption uX Independence
hall, Philadelphia, June 17, 1915. In
the second place, there is no propo
sal whatsoever "to enforce the decrees
of the arbitral court by war." The
proposal Is not even to enforce a refer
ence to the court or council of con
ciliation by war. The only time that
force can be invoked by the league is
when the league proceeds against a
nation that goes to war without first
submitting its case to a court or coun
cil of conciliation.
The League to Enforce Peace en
forces delay. - It does not enforce a
Judgment. Is any American states
man unwilling to have the United
States go that far?
HAMILTON HOLT, .
Vice Chairman Executive Com
mittee League to Enforce.
"Aa I wm croNtlng the bridge the ttawr
(iny," uald An Irishman, "I met Pat O'Brien.
O'Brien,' nay a I, 'how are you?' 'Pretty
well, thank you, Brady aaya. "Brady," aaya
I, 'that's not my name. 'Faith, aaya he, 'and
mine's not O'Brien.' With that we agin
looked at each other an' aure enough it
waH naylhor of ua." Boston Transcript,
Raggsey Hey! You won't get nothln'
worth eatlrV In that place. Dey'a vege
tarians. Hungry lllggtna U dat right?
Raggsey Teh, an' dey got er dog wot
ain't. Louisville Courier-Journal.
"I hear the coal barons are again rais
ing! rig prices."
"That's foolish. The public are road
enough as It Is. and this continual raising
of coal only adds fuel to the flames."
I am $h$ to tfcSEfrr My
THE HtfT ?
HOT IH fOUR TROUSERS
ftcKST -5H6'LU KNOW ABOUT
IV BEFORE LEAVE
"There seems to be more business about,
the seaside resorts than about the moun
tains. ' How do you explain It?"
"I guess it is because things are dull now
and then In the mountains, but there i
always more or leas booming of the sea."
She Do you think it will be all right
for us after we are married to settle a
couple of squares away fro my family?
He I was going to say a coup la of states.
Bill Isn't nature kind 7
Jill What now?
"See how dark It's getting. ;
" "Well, then what?"
"I have to pass my tailor's on my way
home." Tonkers Statesman.
"I want a dog for my suburban place,
bat not one to get Into mlachlef. Do you
know what kind of dog la apt mora than
another to steal eggs?"
"No, I don't, but I suppose, it to a setter."
Babson Why do you always take- a taxi
home from the club nights?
Blbbler When X arrive at my door and
learn how much the fare is, it sobers me
Instantly. -Boston Transcript
THE BAGGAGE MAN.
We often blame the baggage man
And say he lifts a trunk
For fun, aa high up as he ran,'
Then lets 'er fall, kerplunk!
Tet patiently he harries 'round
Amid the dust and gloom.
Until at last- your things are found
Down in the baggage room.
He uses brains and muscle, too,
To save the luggage fine;
Likewise the boxes, far from new,
Made shut with paste and twine, j
He sees a glad procession go, ,
But never Joins the throng, -far
he must hustle, there below,
To help the crowd along.
He asks no praise, he fears no blame.
When weary tempers flare,
He does his duty just the same,.
And handles 'em with care, '
When work Is done, for mild repose,
A comic page he'll scan;
And 'mongst the gibes he reads are those
About the baggage man.
Otol Fire Sale
A Great Success
The $20,000 fire sale, which started at 'the Owl
Drug Co. Monday Morning, was a howling success, as
the store was packed all day Monday, and goods ware
carried out by the annfuls. We shall continue the
sale today (Tuesday), and possibly through Wednes
day until every bottle and package of fire singed or
smoke-smelling goods are closed out. Ask anyone
who attended this sale what they think of the bargains
obtained. Nothing was sold for over half price, and
much at one-third regular price, and in some instances
less than this. There were thousands of items, and are
still hundreds left. Come today or tomorrow if you
wish to avail yourself of these really, truly bargains.
Sherman & McConnell
The Owl Store.
16th and Harney.
way to clear your skin with
Bathe yoor face for several minutes
with Resinol Soap and warm water,
working the creamy lather into the
skin gently with the finger-tips. Then
wash off with more Resinol Soap and
warn water, finishing with a dash of
clear cold water to close the pores.
Do this once or twice a day, and you
will be astonished how quickly the
healing, antiseptic Resinol medication
soothes and cleanses the pores, lessens
the tendency to pimples, and leaves
the . complexion clear, fresh end
velvety. If the skin is in bad condition
through neglect or an unwise use of
cosmetics, apply a little Resinol Oint
ment and let it remain on ten min
utes before the final washing with
Resinol Suepetmtainenri hirth, injuriotte alkali,
and U not anindaily colored, ita rich brown beinc
entirelr dae to the Resinol balesms ia it. Sold
brail druniltsand deslcrl in toilet roods.
'PAysicians haet prescribed Resmti
Ointment for over twenty y tan in the
treatment of skin andtcitip affection.
Powered by Open ONI