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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 31, 1916)
Entente Rejects German Offer; Asks Terms
The Omaha Sunday Bee
PAGES 1 TO 14.
VOL. XL VI NO. 32.
OMAHA, NEBRASKA, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 31, 1916. FIVE SECTIONS THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
OF THE KAISER
Joint Reply of Entente Na
tions Says Suggested Coun
cil Without Conditions Is
Really War Maneuver.
Places Responsibility for Start
ing Conflict Upon the Cen
CAN'T TRUST OATH BREAK
Washington, Dec. 30. The official
text of the allies' reply to the German
proposals began arriving. at the State
rirnartmrnt late todav. As the United
States acts only as an intermediary in ;
transmitting the note to the central
powers it will not be made public
Paris, Dec. 30. The entente gov
ernments in replying to Germany de
clare that they refuse to consider Ger
many's insincere and ineffecticc pro
posal for a conference.
The suggested conference without
conditions is not a peace offer, the
note says, but is rather a war ma
It is long and sets forth again the.
responsibility of the central empires
fr the European conflagration. It
insists on legitimate reparations and
restrictions demanded by the en
tente as outlined by Premier Lloyd
George and also says that Germany
by falling to formulate proposals for
peace removes in advance any basis
for pour parlcrs.
, The note seeks to suggest that the
lierlin cabinet having proclaimed in
1914 its contempt for treaties cannot
pretend to obtain the same conditions
as powers respectful of signatures
and must offer guarantees.
Text of the Note.
The text of the note follows:
"The allied governments of Bel
gium, France, Great Britain, Italy,
Japan, Montenegro- Portugal, Rou
mania, Russia and Serbia, united for
the defense of the liberty of their peo
ples and faithful to engagements
taken not to lay down their arms
separately, however, resolved to reply
collectively to the pretended proposi
tions of peace which were addressed
to them on behalf of the enemy gov
ernments through the intermediary of
the United States, Spain, Switzerland
and Holland. Before making any re
ply the allied powers desire particu
larly to protest against the two es
sential assertions of the note of the
enemy powers that pretend to throw
upon the allies responsibility for the
war and proclaim the victory of the
Still for Peace.
"The allied governments cannot ad
mit an affirmation doubly inexact and
which suffices to render sterile all ten
tative negotiations. The allied nations
have sustained for thirty months a
war they did everything to avoid.
They have shown by their acts their
attachment to peace. That attachment
is as strong today as it was m 1914.
But it is not upon the word of Gcr
manv, after the violation of its en
gagements, that the peace broken by
iicr may be based."
"A mere suggestion, without a
statement of terms, that negotiations
should be opened, is not an offer of
peace. The putting forward by the
imperial government of a sham pro
posal lacking all substance and pre
cision would appear to be less an of
fer of peace than a war maneuver. It
is founded on calculated misinter
pretation of the character of the
struggle in the past, the present and
The Aggressor in 1914.
"As for the past the German note
takes no account of the facts, dates
and figures which establish that the
war was desired, provoked and de
clared by Germany and Austria-Hungary-
"At The Hague conference it was
a German delegate who refused all
proposals for disarmament. In July,
1014. it was Austro-Hungary. who.
alter having addressed to Serbia an
unprecedented ultimatum, declared
war upon her in spite of the satisfac
tion which had been accorded at once.
"The central empires then rejected
all attempts made by the entente to
bring about a pacific solution of a
purely local conflict. Great Britain
(Contlnuail on Pairo Four Column One.)
l'"or Nebraska: Fair; rising tempera
ture. Tmpratnm at Omalia Yesterday.
11 a. in
1Z m 15
1 p. m.. 17
2 p. ni 20
3 p. m 2 fi
4 p. m 27
fi p. m 26
6 p. m 2&
7 p. m 24
Comparative Local Becord.
HI S. 1915. 1114. UU.
HiRhoat yesterday. .
Mean temperature. .
Temperature and precipitation departures
from the normal:
Normal temperature ; 1
lirflcteney for the day fi
T'lial eireaa ilnre March 1, 101s 148
N'urmal precipitation 03 ln?h
Mfflrlency for the day 01 Inch
Total rnlnfjill since March 1 .... 18. 62 Inches
licflotenry since March 1 12.71 lnchs
IWIciency for cor. period. 1315.. 2,20 tnc!t-s
t'cficlcucy for cor. period. 1914.. 3.41 Inches
L. A. WELSH. Meteorologist.
MOVES OF FORCES
OVERWAR zo -
ress, with Result
QUIET ON VERDUN FRONT
Aaolatd Piraa Wr Summary.)
The Russians and Roumanians are
fighting a heavy rear guard action
as they retire toward the line of the
Screth, in northeastern Wallachia
and southern Moldavia.
Today's German army headquarters
report shows steady progress for
Field Marshal von Mackcnsen's
armies along the entire front be
tween the Roumanian Carpathians
and the Danube, despite the strong
resistance, they are encountering. At
the same time the "attack on the
Moldavian frontier is developing and
Russo-Roumanian positions have been
carried and passed by the invaders,
repeated counter attacks not serving
to stop them. In this lighting the
Teutonic forces took 660 prisoners
and seven machine guns.
The Teutonic line of advance from
the Wallachian plain now lies well
to the norlh of Rimnik Sarat, on the
railway from Buzeu to Fokshani,
while on the right flank a still nearer
approach has been made to Braila.
the Danube granary, which is one of
the main objectives of Von Mack
ensen in the present stage of the
Operations on the Franco-Belgian
front have been confined to minor
movements except in the Verdun re
gion, where Berlin announces the re
pulse of several attacks made by the
French on the positions on Dead
Man hill, of which the Germans re
cently reported the capture.
Tom Lawson Ready
To Tell Congf ess of
Boston, Mass., Dec. 30. In re
sponse to a telegram from Congress
man Robert L. Henry of Texas urg
ing that he go to Washington imme
diately and produce any facts he may
have bearing on a leak from the State
department to Wall street in con
nection with President Wilson's re
cent peace note, Thomas W. Lawson
today replied by wire that he would
call on the congressman Monday.
"You have hbelltri . wngpsamatt
and public officials and ,Tredict you
cannot make good. Congressman
Henry stated in the telegram which
Mr. Lawson made pumic nere tooay.
It was explained that Mr. Henry
made his request in his capacity as
member of the house rules commit
tee, of which he is chairman.
"The good old capitol has been wal
lowing in Wall street leak grafts for
forty years," the Lawson reply said.
"You and Congressman Wood
started this leak merry-go-round, then
you sort of run me into it through
your press statements and then you
made me the whole of it. Now I say,
congressman, have a heart, have a
"This is my program. Tomorrow
I will give you a serious 3,000-word
bit, then, if you wish, I will visit you
on New Year's day. Tuesday from
the gallery I will listen to you and
the other statesmen who missed out
on the leak, lambast me some more."
. a ,
rTiA "FriTViTirio T otttI's Pin'c(l out tnat Villa has entered
J.0 J-llllUI Lit! JJdiVV i towns of importance in northern
Lincoln. Dec. 30. (Special Tele
gram.) The office of "public smeller"
may be created by the coming legis
lature if the bill prepared by a com
mittee of the dry federation and given
out late this afternoon becomes a law,
as it gives authority to all officers,
who catch a whiff of the breath of any
suspicious individual, to arrest the in
dividual and take him and his breath
to the bastile, where before an au
thorized tribunal he must tell where
he secured the stuff.
The bill which covers forty-five
typewritten pages and has sixty-five
sections, is the most drastic, rock
ribbed, bone dry law that has ever
been before a legislature in the United
States. It prohibits the sale of liquor
in any form in clubs and any drug
store keeping more than one piece of
its stock of a nature which might in
toxicate is subject to prosecution.
Public advertising of liquor is pro
hibited on bill boards or in any paper
and common carriers must deliver in
toxicating liquors between the hours
of 5 in the morning and 5 at night
with no deliveries on Sunday. Physi
cians prescribing liquor for medicinal
purposes must pay $5 yearly license
and keep a record of all prescriptions
The governor is given power to en
force the law and is made prohibition
commissioner with a deputy commis
sioner in charge of the office.
Inflow of Gold During Year
Up Toward Billion Dollars
New York, Dec. 30. The inflow of
gold this week carried the total of the
year's imports to $684,700,000. This is
by far the greatest amount of gold
to enter the United States in a single
The total of imports for the week
in behalf of the British treasury
amounts to $53,600,000. The heavy
expansion of shipments since last
Monday is taken in banking circles as
an indication that the British author
ities are planning to continue sending
gold here on an enormous scale.
See The Bee's Annual Statistical Review in This Issue -
- ,:K THREATENS
Pressed on Every Side by
Growing Forces of Outlaw
Chiefs, De Facto Leader
VILLA RECRUITING ARMY
Northern Rebel More Inter
ested in Increasing Band
Than in Taking Cities.
WASHINGTON IS ALARMED
Washington, Dec. 30. Increasing I
evidence that Carranza's government!
is being menaced by bands of in
surgents, coupled with the prospect
that the first chief will not accept
the Atlantic City protocol, has
brought the Mexican situation to
stage that is causing growing con
Officials admit that the conditions!
are embarrassing. Some high army
officers are urging that Pershing's
men be withdrawn as a military step
and regardless of conditions, but it is
insisted that so far there has been
no change in the administration pol
icy. The American members of the
joint commission which drew the At
lantic City protocol will meet here
Tuesday to discuss Carranza's request
for modification and to consider
whether any basis is offered for
further conferences with the Mexi
can commissioners. Charles A. Dug
las, an attorney for the Carranza gov
ernment, saw Counsellor Polk of the
State department today and is under
stood to have made a further plea for
withdrawal of the troops.
Want Men Brought North.
Several army officers of high rank
are no longer attempting to conceal
their impatience over the joint com
mission's failure to secure ratification
of an agreement, and openly are urg
ing that the altered conditions in
Mexico make it imperative to bring
the 12,000 men now in Mexico to po
sitions on the border, where they
could be handled to better advantage
it it becomes necessary.
partment today supported' unofficial
advices indicating that Villa is rapidly
gaming strength in northern Mexico
that makes his suppression by the
Carranza army appear doubtful. At
the same time followers of Felix Diaz
are said to be making trouble in the
south, while Manuel Palaez and other
rebel leaders are gaining ground
the central portions of the republic,
Families Sent to Border.
The official advices indicated that
the Carranza forces in Saltillo two
days ago were inticipating an attack
by Villa forces. The governor of the
state had directed that the govern
ment archives be prepared for
moval and many prominent civilians
and officials had sent their families
to the border. Successes of the Villa
forces about Torrcon were confirmed
by the advices.
Villa's operations in the last few
weeks have convinced army men
here that he and other leaders of the
campaign having for its immediate
i object the recruiting of an army and
I CUCI Hlll.v'llvlll Hit: 1U1UIWIIIK UIOII
the collection of equipment rather
than the occupation of territory. It
Mexico eight times since he resumed
operations on a larger scale, only to
surrender them without a struggle.
The net result has been to add to his
fighting strength materially through
the conversion of Carranza soldiers!
captured and deserting into rebel
troops, and through captures of arms
and ammunition, including about
thirty pieces of artillery.
Villa Again Advancing.
F.l Paso, Tex., Dec. 30. Federal
agents here U lay sent a report to
Washington saying that Villa was at
Jimenez and was advancing on Chi
huahua City with approximately 10,
000 troops. It was also said bv the
I federal agents that General Francisco
Murgaia was reported to be making
preparations to evacuate the slate
Villa captured a train of ammuni
tion and sixteen cannon recently
when he took Torreon, persons here
said to be in communication with
Villa announced today.
General Talamantes committed sui
cide when he saw the light was lost,
it was added. Villa evacuated the
town after he had obtained the train
of ammunition, the cannon and a sup
ply of shoes, clothing and blankets
for his men, the Villa partisans said.
Senator Wilson to Oppose
Mass of Worthless Laws
Fremont, Neb., Dec. 30. (Special.)
State Senator Wallace Wilson will
use his influence in the Nebraska legis
lature to cut down the number of laws
Senator Wilson has no Mils of his
own and will endeavor to see that the
statesmen are not burdened with a
lot of laws that will not be enforced.
"We have two many laws now," Mr.
Wilson said, "and I intend to see what
can be done to limiting the output
of the legislature."
He said he had notified his constitu
ents in Dodge county that they will
not get any of the jobs he has to give
out. He will favor selling the Fre
mont college, if the matter is brought
before the senate.
m - . tmMHs - ii i n '.vvw
" I ' .': .'Y
English-Speaking Peoples Should
Avoid Reversion to One-Man Rule
Dr. Roscoe Pound Thinks There
Is Better Way to Adapt Law
to Human Needs.
HALL HEADS STATE BAR
Declaring that we, the English
speaking peoples, should find some
more rational method of adapting
the law to the human needs, instead
of returning to the personal form of
government and going back to the
days of oriental justice, Roscoe
Pound, dean of the law school of
Harvard university and known as an
authority on jurisprudence on two
continents, speaking before the sev
enteenth annual meeting of the Ne
braska State Bar association at the
Hotel Fontenclle, suggested that we
should shape some broad road to
justice without destroying the results
of year of experience.
Dr. Pound, a former Nebraskan and
personally acquained with the major
ity of the members of the state bar
association, received a demonstrative
and enthusiastic reception, when he
was introduced by John Dryden,
president of the body. His scholarly
address on the subject, "The Recru
descence of Personal Government,"
though carefully worded and bril-
Would Be More Complete but
for Pro-German Weather,
Says Douglas Haig.
DETAILED STORY OF FIGHT
London, Dec. 30. The battle of the
Somme is pictured as a sweeping tri
umph for the entente allied arms in a
report by General Sir Douglas Haig,
which was issued tonight nd which
covers operations 'roni July 1 to No
vember 18. General Haig terms the
battle a triumph in which the German
western armies were only aved from
complete collapse and a decisive de
feat by a protracted period of unfavor
tit tit nrnvtn nA ttita
Anglo-French forces from taking full
advantage oi .neir successtui advance.
He declares that nevertheless it was a
triumph which proved beyond doubt
the ability of the al'ies to overthrow
Germany "when the times comes."
The Uritish commander shows himself
a firm believer in the doctrine that the
entente allies can win the war on the
Does Everything Possible to
Centralize Trade in America
Paris, Dec. 30. Alexandre Ribot,
minister of finance, addressing the
senate on the appropriations fur the
first quarter of 1917, said that the
French government had done every
thing possible to centralize its pur
chases in America and that it now
had an intermediary to regulate
The senate voted unanimously for
the first clauses of the bill, compris
ing the credits as a whole. Discus
sion of the other clauses and the new
taxes was postponed.
Speed the Parting Welcome the Coming
liantly phrased, was delivered with
out the aid of notes or manuscript of
The administration of law and
justice from the primitive fifties up to
the present day, As described by
the eastern law school deaq.
Growth of Law.
He told of the growth of law and
justice from the very beginning,
when kings and fulcra administered
justice in rough and ready fashion,
according to their personal feelings
at the time. For instance, he pointed
out that the witty fellow, who told
of his crime or misdemeanor in a
manner to please the king, probably
escaped without punishment, while
the dull invididual who bored his
majesty was lucky if he got up with
Then, asserted Dr. Pound, came the
primitive period in the dispensation
of justice; when the ruling motto was
"peace at any price." He told his
listeners that there was then de
veloped a period of primitive law, the
principle of which was to buy off
the injured pcrsofi by rewards fixed
according to thcoir relative serious
ness. In this system of tariffs, Dr.
Pound gave as an example the old
English case, where a man, if he re
ceived a bruise protected by his
(Continued on Pane Koiir. t'ojomn Tw.)
Des Moines Attorney Starts
Suit Against Fifteen Oper
ating in Capital.
ASKS TO HAVE RECEIVER
(Prom a Hlaff Correspondent.)
Des Moines, la., Dec. 30. (Spe
cial.) An injunction was asked to
day by 1. T. Jones, an attorney,
against fifteen coal companies oper
ating here claiming that they were
in a combine. Jones asks that a re
ceiver be appointed to conduct the
business of the companies, while the
courts investigate the alleged com
bine. Leading companies in this sec
tion are named in his petition.
! CrillSer DeS MOineS Will briDQ
Americans Back From Svria
Washington, Dec, 30-Final plans
for bringing home the 200 Americans
interned for months in Syria and
Palestine made by the State depart
ment today and communicated to Am
bassador Elkus, at Constantinople,
provide for sending the cruiser Des
Moines from Alexandria, Egypt, to
Beirut as soon as the refugees are
brought rfom Jaffa.
Turkish military authorities refused
to allow the Americans to leave from
Jaffa, but have given permission for
use of the Beirut route.
Played Poker Christmas Eve
And Now They Are Arrested
Sioux City, la., Dec. 30. Warrants
were issued today for the arrest of
seventeen well known citizens of the
town of Moville, la., this county, on
the charge of gambling. The accused
arc alleged to have played poker
No Bee Tomorrow,
Head of Trainmen'! Brother
hood Denies Railroad Men
Ordered to Quit Work.
NO CIRCULAR IS PREPARED
Cleveland, 0 Dec. 30. Warren S.
Stone and W. G. Lee, heads of the
Railway Engineers and 'Railway
Trainmen brotherhoods, respectively,
arrived in Cleveland today, following
the rejection of the demand by the
managers' committee that the Adam
son law be placed in effect January 1.
"It is highly improbable that there
will be a strike Monday," Stone said.
He asserted the report that a cir
cular letter had been sent to railway
employes, asking for a renewal of
the authority to call a general strike,
was untrue. "No circular has yet
been prepared," he said.
Stone said no further statement
would be forthcoming today in Cleve
land, and that there would be no
meeting of the brotherhood heads.
It was pointed out that a general
strike Monday would be an impossi
bility because of the fact that railroad
unions would have to be first notified
of such an intention, and that they
would have to notify their subchair
mrn. Lee said he had nothing to add
to the statement given out yesterday
in New York. 'There will be no im
mediate strike," he said.
And Empress Zita
Crowned in Splendor
London, Dec. 30. The coronation
of Kmperor Charles and Empress
Zita of Austria as king and queen of
Hungary took place this morning in
St. Mathey church at Budapest, the
Amsterdam correspondent of the Ex
change Telegraph company cables.
The ceremony was marked with all
the traditional medieval pomp. The
king wore the gala uniform of a
Hungarian field marshal and was sur
rounded by the captains of his body
guard. The queen rode in a coach
drawn by sixteen horses, which was
followed by a page. A salute was
fired as the procession moved through
Cardinal Czernocli, primate of Hun
gary, with the remainder of the clergy
! cor.e the ann qiieen mK, tne
church, which was filled with officials
and diplomats. The king took the
oath to defend the interests of the
Roman, Caiholic church against any
enemy.' Afterward the king, wear
ing the crown, took the oath before
the Parliament building in the pres
ence of the populace.
Men Who Hold Cars Too
Long Are Under Suspicion
New York, Dec. 30. After a. con
ference here today of federal district
attorneys from Maine to West Vir
ginia who are investigating the high
cost of living, a statement was issued
by George W. Anderson, United
States district attorney at Boston, in
charge of the government's inquiry
into food and fuel prices, declaring
that "business men who hold or re
tain cars unnecessarily and unfairly
are under just suspicion."
New Year's Day
IN HISTORY OF
GATE CITY ENDS
Building Permits, Bank Clear
ings, Orain and Live Stock
Receipts All Make Cains
That Are Enormous.
FACTORIES SHOW INCREASE
Gain in Butter Manufacturing
Alone Totals Over Ton
JOBBING FORGES AHEAD
ll. is IS.
Marnifarturlnf ... SdMM.Itit fSISJMS.IVHI
Jobbing a.7M.4S 177.ll.7S
Roal .tat Inm. H.4SII.IK3 1M4MM
l"k' horn output 1I,1(W.I lU.4m.SWl
lank rlrarinn... I,7llM!t IM:!,1M"I '
Nmitr nntnnt.,.. 4N.Sa.37n SO.IISIII
Rank drnoKlta Il.1(ll,47 S,S1'l,7r
BlllMltl rwrmlla.. 1.H2S.107 5,SSo,M,1
l.raln nx-'pla (ho.) 1S.IM.IMt SO.SIS.MNI
drain ahlp'ta (Ira.) 7.07MOO 41,702,400
lil VIC STOCK RKCKIPTS.
(at!!. IhMdl 1.IS4.SM l.SIS.Mt
loan (hul a.im.aio i.mi,
Nlltwp (hd J,I70,IHM SpiSS.STU
lloraM (hoadl..... !7,4S 41,070
Commercially, 13 1 45 has been the,
most brilliant year jn Omaha's his
tory. ' ,
The greatest increases over the
activities of the previous year were
shown in building permits, bank clear-'
ing, manufacturing, jobbing and grain
and live stock receipts. ,,,
In manufacturing alone an increase
of over $54,000,000 is shown, or a total
output of $-'o8.057,715. This shows an
increase of over 25 per cent. .This
great manufacturing output was in
some measure due to the coming of
new factories, but in a larger measure
due to the increasing of the capacity
of some plants, and the running of
others at their full capacity to sup
ply the ever increasing volume of
orders. ' ,
The biggest gain in manufaclurihK
was shown in the line' of packing
house products, which jumped some
1341,000,000 over the volume of the
previous year, an increase of practi
cally 30 per cent. While there was an
increase in the amount of stock
slaughtered, the increased price of
meats and all packing house products
to some extent caused the aggregate
figures in dollars and cents to climb
to this high mark. ' . - t-.- v. - f
Increase in Smelting. ; .
The smelting industry showed an
increase of over $7,000,000, and Omaha
thus easily retains first place in the
world's lead reducing industry, ; be1
sides occupying an important position
as a gold refining center. . !
Butter making, in which for some,
years Omaha has held the world's .
record, forged ahead almost 40 per
cent, with a total volume of $10,789,
144 worth of creamery butter pro-;
duced here during the twelve months..
Alfalfa products, which are only be-,
ginning to come into their own,'
showed an increase of $1,386,000 over '
the previous year, or a gain of over'.
37 per cent. (
Jobbing Porgea Ahead. ,
While the jobbing figures as com
piled by E. V. Parrish of the bureau,
of publicity, show an increase of $6,
567,818, Mr. Parrish points out that in
former years he has included grain;
handled on the Omaha grain market.'
in the jobbing figures, and that this
year he has held this as a separate
item. Thus, if grain were included'
here just for the take of a fair com- '
parison with last year's figures, the
jobbing must show an increase of $31,.
369,818, or a gain of some 18 per cent.'
The largest gain made by any one
item under the head of jobbing was;
made in automobiles. This business
amounted to the height of $25,660,000
in round numbers. .
Jobbing in agricultural implements
show an increase of between 8 and 9
per cent, but this item would also.
(CoDtlnuwl on Poro Viva, Column Two.)
British Steamer Maitai
Reported to Have Gone Ashore
San Francisco, Dec. 30. The Brit-'
ish steamship Maitai of the Union
Steamship company of New ealand,'
went ashore December 25 on Rara
tonga, one of the Cook islands, ac
cording to information received here
today by the Marine department of
the Chamber , of Commerce. The
Maitari carries passengers
Commission Suspends -
Corn Rate Into Canada
Washington. D. C Dec. 30. Pro-
posed increases of from 10 to 20 per
cent in freight rates in corn shipped
from Chicago and Detroit elevators,
to Toronto and other points in On
taria, Quebec, and Canada were sus-,
pended today by the Interstate Com
merce commission until May 1, the
suspension applying to rates over the
Canadian Pacific, Grand . Trunk,
Wabash and Michigan Central lines,
for the New Year t
The Bee has In store for its
readers a number of
unique new features which
we are sure will prove of
fascinating interest. All in
addition to all the news
day by day. Watch for the
announcements and see
these features as they ap
pear. The Newspaper for the Home
Exclusive in The Bee
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