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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 3, 1916)
THE BEE: OMAHA, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1916.
MEW JAP DEMANDS
' PROSTRATE CHINA
Baron Hayashi Asks Bepublic
to Give to Japan Much
' Police Power.
HIGH PRICE FOR SHOOTING
(CorrMpondencft tf The AMOclated Preu.)
Peking, Oct. 29. China was stunned
by the Japanese demands presented
by Baron Hayashi as a condition upon
which his government was willing to
settle the Chengchiatun incident,
which resulted in the death of a num
ber of Japanese and Chinese soldiers.
The Japanese minister presented
these demands on September 3.. Part
of the demands were written, but part
were verbal and given with a request
that they be held secret. Consequent
ly the full importance of the Japanese
demands was not known for many
days. In fact the full import of the
demands is not now generally realized
as the language of a number of them
is so indefinite that they are capable
of very broad interpretation.
The two demands of greatest mo
ment are those which insist upon
China granting police power to Japan
im Eastern Inner Mongolia and South
ern' Manchuria, and upon the employ
ment of Japanese military instructors
in military colleges and schools
throughout entire China.
Elusive Words. '
The first of these demands was
written, but in such general terms
that its meaning was indefinite and
capable of the broadest sort of inter
pretation. It exacted the right to es
tablish police stations in a part of
eastern Inner Mongolia and southern
Manchuria where Japanese reside, the
number of the stations to be fixed in
the future. The treaty of 1915 be
tween Japan and China granted the
Japanese the right of residence in
south Manchuria and eastern Inner
Mongolia. The Japanese under this
treaty are to be limited to ports open
to foreign settlement. At present only
five ports are open, but others will be
open from time to time when Japan
sees fit, and eventually the Japanese
will be able to reside legally in all
more important southern Manchuria
and eastern Inner Mongolian cities
and towns. Japanese are now living all
over southern Manchuria and eastern
Inner Mongolia -without legal right-
The Chinese insist that granting the
Japanese demands for police power in
eastern Inner Mongolia and southern
render of sovereignty in those places.
This view is also shared by all Euro
peans living in China. However, China
is in no position to refuse this de
mand. The financial needs of the Chi
nese republic are so pressing it must
depend upon Japan for money, and
this situation renders the Chinese for
eign office helpless.
Jap War Tuton.
The unwritten demand for the em
ployment of Japanese military in
structors in all Chinese military col
leges and schools, is extremely dis
tasteful to China and has provoked
wide discussion in the Chinese press,
which believes that the granting of
this demand will eventually give
Japan domination of the military par
ty in China and practical control of
From the first of the negotiations
concerning the Chengchiatum affair,
Japan has assumed that its original
statement of facts is correct, and
has proceeded on the theory that the
Chinese troops and the Chinese com
mander at Chengchiatun were wholly
in the wrong. This assumption has
been very offensive to the Chinese
press, which 'constantly reminds the
Japanese that their troops were in
Chengchiatun wholly without legal
right, as eastern Inner Mongolia is
not even open to Japanese settlement.
The entrance of Japanese into
southern Manciuria and eastern In
ner Mongolia is denounced by the
Chinese press as an invasion of Chi
nese sovereign right. Furthermore,
Chinese officials hold that the Jap
anese troops were aggressive in the
Chengchiatum .incident, ana should
have expected a battle when they
attempted to invade the headquar
ters of the Chinese military detach
ment. Six Other Demands.
The six other demands concerning
the Chengchiatun incident relate
chiefly to the military officers and
troops in eastern Inner Mongolia and
southern Manchuria, and do not have
the international import of the two
demands first mentioned. The Jap
anese insist upon the removal of
Colonel Chang, who commanded the
Chinese detachment at Chengchiatun
when the clash occurred. They also
demand the punishment of Lieutenant
General Feng Teh-lin, who com
manded the entire division of troops,
of which the Chengchiatun detach
ment was a part. The Japanese also
demand the posting of official notices
through southern Manchuria and
eastern Inner Mongolia, warning Chi
nese troops against further clashes
with Japanese troops. Payment of
compensation to the families of the
Japanese soldiers who were killed is
also demanded, and an apology from
General Chang Tso-lin, at Mukden,
the military-governor of Fengtien
province, is insisted upon.
Skull in Bad Fall
Mrs. Joseph Cloudt, residing a mile
and a half north of Florence, suffered
a fractured skull when she fell from
a street car at Sixteenth and Dodge
streets. She was attended by Dr.
Shook and taken home. Her condi
tion is serious.
Benson Presbyterians Are
Planning to Build Church
Benson Presbyterians are going to
build a church. The purchase Tues
day of a lot east of their present
church site indicates their intentions.
W S Wrioht nf Rrnsnn nlH the lot
lior $1,400. The elders plan to move
the present church and build on the
combined lots a modern edifice. ...
THE NATIVE THIRST
Americans Spend a Billion and
a Half a Year for the "Soft
BIG CALL FOR SODA WATER
Recent statistics compiled by a
trade organization in New York have
brought to light some interesting facts
in regard to a business which is truly
American, and of which the rest of
the world knows little or nothing,
with the possible exception of Aus
tralia. According to these statistics,
soda water and its kindred beverages
have become a virtual necessity to the
American people and last year the
sweet-toothed people of this fair land
dug down into their pockets fo( a
sum amounting to over $1,500,000,000
to satisfy their craving for soft drinks.
The soda water and soft drink busi
ness has developed its millionaires in
recent years, just as the steel, automo
bile and other industries have.
In 1876, when the Centennial expo
sition was held in New York, a mar
ble soda water fountain was placed
on exhibition in one of the buildings
and proved to be one of the many cu
riosities of the exposition. Before
that time sodas had been sold in iso
lated sections of the country, but from
then on aoda water became an Ameri
can byword, unknown anywhere else
in the world. The business grew and
soda water fountains became adjuncts
of the drug stores. Then the bottling
business came into existence, and now
it is estimate! that two-thirds of the
business is handled by the bottlers.
The statistics show that there are 13,
316 bottlers of soft drinks in the
United States, 9,622 in the north, 1,938
in the south and 1,956 in the west.
Public regulation of soda fountains
has followed the growth of the busi
ness. Health boards in various cities
have adopted laws which have the ob
ject of preventing disease through un
clean glasses. In New York the
health department demands that all
glasses, spoons and other utensils be
properly cleansed and all soda dis
pensers must pass a physical exami
nation so that none who are diseased
may be employed at the soda foun
tains. An American Institution.
This country is the greatest soft
drink country in the world and the
?;rowth of the business in the last
ew years has been little short of
marvelous. It is a distinctly Ameri
can institution, and investigations
have resulted in the statement that
extremts of heat and cold, common
throughout the country, are an impor
tant factor in the development of the
industry, causing the people to con
sume enormous quantities of these
drinks. In proportion the "dry" states
have used slightly more than those in
which alcoholic beverages are sold.
In many places where prohibition is
in existence the bars have been turned
into soda fountains, and, in some, the
soda fountains and dealers are re
quired to pay a tax such as was for
merly imposed on liquor shops.
The United States government has
come to recognize the importance of
the soda fountain, and the bureau of
chemistry has made important studies
of fruit juices for soda water. After
the growth of the industry became
an assured fact and its permanency
certain, other drinks began to make
their appearance. These were of many
varieties, mostly derived from fruits,
plants and nuts. One large company,
which markets a popular 5-cent drink
through soda fountains, does a busi
ness of millions of dollars annually.
Grape juice has been greatly popu
larized through the soda fountain. Lo
ganberry juice, which is being made
in the Pacific northwest from logan
berries, which have been developed
from a combination of blackberries
and dewberries by the Burbank meth
od, is being investigated by a govern
ment expert, who stated that he re
gards the future of the soft drink
business as' having enormous possi
bilities. Nut juice forms one of the
main ingredients of the kola drinks,
which derive their name from the
kola nut, a large nut imported from
Africa and South America.
Big Money Pulled Down.
There are about ten cities in the
south in which these drinks are man
ufactured. During the last eight years
this business has increased by leaps
and bounds, and the statistics com
pared so far this year estimate 30,
000,000 gallons have been consumed
from January to the present time,
showing an increase of 1,800 per cent
since 1898. Last year the retailed
volume of these beverages amounted
to $250,000,000. Considerable mys
tery surrounds this drink, and its en
tire business is closely guarded, but
the statistics show that several mil
lian gallons were sold within a ra
dius of 300. miles of Philadelphia.
While America spends more money
than the rest of the world put to
gether on sodas and soft drinks, many
other Countries are beginning to
evince an interest in American soda
water, especially Australia, where the
business is conducted very much as
it is here. Americans have been
largely instrumental in its successful
introduction there. To a smaller ex
tent, England has become interested
in our soft drinks, but there has never
been a natural demand in England for
cooling beverages and refreshments,
because England hasn't the extremes
of heat and cold that we have here.
Even English ice cream is made
largely of water and is more like
American sherbet or water ice.
Altogether the soft drink, candy
and ice cream business in this coun
try, three of the luxuries that Amer
icans must have, take a stupendous
amount yearly out of the pockets of
American citizens. The money they
spend on these items amount to a
staggering sum. According to the
National Association of Ice Cream
Manufacturers' statistics, 200,000,000
gallons of ice cream have been con
sumed this year. One of the larg
est innovations for ice cream and
soda water service is being tried out
by a railroad, which has placed small
fountains on some of its trains out
of Chicago as an experiment, and if
it proves to be successful it will be-i
come a regular feature. Philadelphia
Central State Bank
' Fights for Charter
Within sixty days the officers of
the new Central State bank of Omaha
expect to have a final decision from
the supreme court of the state on
their mandamus suit to compel the
State Uanking board to issue them a
charter, President Albert S. White
I said yesterday.
the case, he said, would take pre
cedence over other cases in the su
preme court. The officers won their
mandamus suit in the district court
of Lincoln, but the state board ap
pealed it to the supreme court.
Meantime the quarters at the south
east corner of Sixteenth and Dodge
streets, long arranged for the new
institution, are idle until the case is
The Central State bank completed
its organization many months ago,
even before the American State bank
of Omaha completed organization, but
on some technicalities the charter was
held up by the State Banking board
and was dragged into court.
Bee Want Ads Produce Results.
it - 3
For Your Furniture, Hardwood Floor
I ML C. Goodwin & Co.
Si 415 S. 15th St, Omaha.
models for the season
are offered in seven hand
some body styles, a car to
meet every requirement of
the most exacting motorist.
A new quality of luxury is
evident in the Cadillac Vic
toriaone of the latest con
vert J bj. model s (or the
NEBRASKA JOBBERS GIVE REASONS
Why HENRY T CLARKE, Jr.,
of Omaha, Should be Re-elected to the
State Railway Commission
TO THE VOTERS OF NEBRASKA
The people of Nebraska are facing right now the ser
ious danger of heavy increase in freight rates and
passenger rates. The fight is only fairly begun. The
people must be wide awake to retain the advantage
they now have. It is to be largely a battle in the
courts. That battle is now under way.
The railroads hire the most experienced men they
can secure. They are experts in their lines. They are
retained as long as possible by the corporations be
cause it pays to keep them. If the people are to be
successful in defending themselves they must have
skilled and experienced representatives on their
Henry T. Clarke, Jr., fills the bill. He has seen much
active service on the railway commission. He has led
the fight for rate reductions. He has defended the
rates after reduction. He is a rate expert as well as a
trained lawyer. He is familiar with every phase of
railroad rate making. He has matched his skill and
experience against the railroad experts successfully.
He is fitted to take up the burdens of the fight now
beginning and to represent the people's side. The
railroad experts know their case. Are the people .
willing to put up against them an untried, inexperi
enced man, any more than the railroads will do it on
their side? Is it wisdom? Freight rates effect the
man who produces on the farm. They affect the
merchant and the jobber who handle these products.
They affect the consumer who finally pays. They af
fect every citizen of Nebraska.
Are reasonable rates worth fighting for? To keep
them, have trained men on the people's side.' Henry
T. Clarke, Jr., has had more training and experience
than any other man the people can get The railroads
have the other men who are his equal.
Ability counts for the corporation; it will count for
the people. ,
Would you, in your business, fire a well tried ex
pert salesman and hire an inexperienced clerk to
handle your important transactions?
"It has always been conceded that it is a mighty poor
policy to swap horses in the middle of the stream."
This saying applies with tremendous force as to the
man who shall fill the office of railway commissioner
for the next six years.
The retail dealer should remember that Mr. Clarke's
services should be continued if the over charges col
lected, by the railroads of Nebrasaka are to be re
turned to the consignor.
It was Mr. Clarke's bold and aggressive actions in
the 1915 western advance rate case, that prevented
the railroads from increasing the freight rates on
every bushel of grain shipped out of the state of Ne
braska. Do not forget rate advance cases are already in Fed
eral court If you are to win you must select your
A non-partisan organization of Nebraska manufac
turers and jobbers has been organized for the pro-'
tection of Nebraska shippers and they are paying
for this advertisement
Chas. B. Towle, Lincoln, Chairman.
Robt M. Joyce, Lincoln.
L. A. Kinney, Hastings.
C C Quiggle, Lincoln, Treasurer.
H. B. Grainger, Lincoln.
C. D. Marr, Fremont
W. S. Wright, Omaha.
J. S. Brady, Omaha.
C B. Dempster, Beatrice.
C H. Pickens, Omaha.
Chas. Kelsey, Norfolk.
J. D. Lau, Lincoln.
Edmond Simmons, Scottsbluf f.
John Donald, Grand Island. '
J. H. Allen, Lincoln.
Vote for HENRY T. CLARKE. Jr.. for Railway C
V Osdillso Company! Omaha. Jj 1
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