Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, November 03, 1916, NEWS SECTION, Page 10, Image 10

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Six Hundred Hen Lead Great
Demonstration for 0. 0. P.
Candidate at Terre Haute. .
Terre Haute, Ind., Nor. 2. (Spe
cial Telegra...) Six hundred railroad
anion men escorted Charles E.
Hughes last night at the head of the
biggest demonstration accorded him
during his campaign. For two hours
he reviewed the parade in his honor
and then spoke at the Wigwam, filled
with 20.000 people. The sides of the
Wigwam, the center of a lumber
yard, were torn off in many pleaces
by the crowd, insistent on getting a
glimpse of the candidate.
1 "We have got some respect for law
and order in this country," stated the
nominee, "and I tell you every work
ing man has got more at stake in that
than anybody else in the community.
There is no one that has got so much
at stake in the orderly processes of
government, as the present plain man
who has got nothing but his wages
between him and serious distress, and
what we want in this country and I
will stop here to say that I under
stand that word has gone out through
labor circles in official channels to
vote against me, and I know'perfeet
ly that I am saying a profound truth,
and every union man knows it that
nol jdy can direct or control the
labor vote of this, county (applause).
- Something Don to Labor.
That vote is going to be cast ac
cording to its sound judgment ac
cording to what the men think is
right and fair. This is an American
government and our workingmen are
the best citizens we have, because they
are producing and working, and I have
the utmost confidence in the freedom
of their judgment, according to their
conscience, uncontrolled by any
power. We have been hearing of late
something or other about what has
been done for labor, and some have
begun to learn that something has
been done recently to labor. (Applause
and laughter.) We had talk abcut an
eight-hour work day bill. .The Adam
eon bill was not an eight-hour work
day bill. Things that are right can go
by their right names. Things that are
right don't have to trade on improper
designations. You don't have to resort
to masquerade, or -subterfuge, if you
' are right upon the merits.
"I Happen to have seen an extract
from a general circular of instructions
sent out by the general chairman to
the local chairmen of the Brotherhood
of Locomotive Firemen and Engineers
of the Pennsylvania lines east,, and
this is one of the things that is said:
Thi law (referring to the Adamson
bill) does not change the application
of the hours of service law.
" Changes Wage Scale.
" "The company still has the right to
work you s.xteen hours within any
twenty-four consecutive hours, il they
. so desire.' , .
"The Adamson bill does not restrict
hours of labor. It does not impose
any prohibition on contracts relating
' v The. Nebraska Prosperity League has, throughout the campaign, published
a ! series of 'truthful newspaper advertisements, giving positive proof of the
fact that state-wide prohibition would M detrimental to the moral and ma
terial interests of the people of this state. We offer a reward of 1 ' s
to any1 person proving that any statement of official statistics published by
this League in any authorize advertisement, how or hereafter presented to the public, is falsi
fied by change from the original sourcevof information. This applies equally'to any quotation
from any newspaper, document, or individual quoted during our campaign. .' ' - v
The Nebraska Prosperity League,
By ,L. F. Crofoot, President.
to the number of hours that men are
to work. It changes a wage scale. It
changes a basis tor the payment of
wages, and there was no question
whatever involved as to an eight-hour
work day. It was said that the judg
ment of society had been passed in
favor of an eight-hour work day.
"Well, if that principle was being
applied, and it was suddenly decided
over night to carry into effect this
judgment of society which had been
ignored by the- administration - for
over three years, why was that judg
ment put into effect as to 20 per cent
of the men, and not put into effect
as to 80 per cent of the men? Why
is it that we should have exceptions
from such a judgment of society?
We did not have any dealings with
the judgment of society that is the
answetthat we are not dealing with
the eignT-hour workday.
"You have got here something that
proceeds upon a suggestion which is
not borne out by the facts, and you
have got something else even for the
men, even for the men who are sup
posed to be benefited by the fact, I
believe it will be found that this is a
gold brick. Let me give one or two
suggestions. You know the basis of
pay was not simply an hour's basis
it was hours and miles, and the mile
age feature of the former basis, was a
very, important thing to the men
who were employed.
"I do not believe that there is any
desire to change that basis. How
about the man who runs his 100
miles in five or six hours? How does
he figure under this bill? Will he get
a full day's pay when he runs his 100
miles in five hours, or will he get
five-eighths of a day's pay if the
bill provides, as I think it does pro
vide, that there should be as a basis
of payment of wages, not as a basis
of the work in hours, the eight hours
taken as a basis, then a man would
seem to have to work his eight hours
to get his day's pay. .
"That is a very unwelcome surprise
for a good many men who have won,
after years of labor, the concessions
which have been made, and under
which there were a full day's pay for
a run of a given extent, even though
completed in less than the ten hours,
which was the basis for compensation,
even though completed in five or six
hours. Let me read again what is
said by the president in this direc
tion to local chairmen, speaking of
the eight hours, as the measure of
compensation: This provision of the
law will, I believe, eliminate the pay
ment of all arbitraries which are.
based on time, when made within the
first eight-hour period of service,' and
with respect to other provisions, and
their effect, this general chairman
says: 'Just what it will finally be de
cided to mean, no one can now tell, as
it is possible to construe it in several
different ways!' (Applause.)
"That is the kind of legislation of
which we have altogether too much.
Legislation that seems to speak one
word, and yet you cannot -tell but
what it may-tpeak a very different
word." i
He was asked in his speech about
the Danbury hatters' case, and, after
giving his usual explanation, lie con
cluded: "Now, if there is any man
I don't care who he is who wants to
see a judge decide a case in the courts
of law for the purpose of satisfying
or preferring one party against an
other, irrespective of the law, don't
you vote for. me." (Applause,) :f .
One Thousand k Dollars
H. L. Ickes of Illinois Gives
Statement as to Position
of the Progressives.
Chicago. Nov. 2. (Special Tele.
gram.) H. L. Idlces, progressive na-4
tional committeeman from Illinois,
and now a member of the western
republican campaign committee, took
notice today of the democratic' at
tempt to make it appear that there
is a strong progressive defection to
Woodrow Wilson. Mr. Ickes said:
."The democratic national commit
tee has resorted- to misstatement of
facts in an effort to make it appear
that Wilson is receiving a consider
able progressive support A state
ment sent out from New York yes
terday was to the effect that eleven
of the nineteen members of the reso
lutions committee of the progressive
national convention In 1912 had
sighed a statement in favor of Presi
dent Wilson. i ' ''
, "The fact is that the resolutions
committee, of the progressive conven
tion in 1912 consisted of one member
from each state and territory, fifty
two in all instead of nineteen, as
claimed by the democrats. Eleven
out of fifty-two is not much to boast
of, especially when it is considered
that of . the eleven signers of the
Wilson statement,, five represented
southern states, all of whicrf are nor
mally democratic, and in only two of
which is the result in doubt this
year. Moreover, of the eleven sign
ers, four were former democrats who
naturally would be supporting Wilson
as the result of the realignment of
the major parties. ,
' Where White Stands.
"William Allen WHite is quoted as
endorsing the statement. This is a
wilful misstatement of fact. Mr.
White has been and is supporting
Mr. Hughes publicly, and he has is
sued a statement denying that he
had signed or endorsed, this demo
cratic statement. ' - '"
"Isaac N. Stevens of Colorado is
quoted as one of the eleven signers.
Mr. Stevens-Telegraphed the follow
ing message: 'As a member of the
resolutions committee, national pro
gressive convention of 1912, I sighed
a statement giving credit to the pres
ent administration for enacting many
oi its planks- into law. 1 never en
dorsed 'the present administration
otherwise and intend voting for Mr.
Hughes.' '
Progressive Leaden for Hughes.
"The act is thit progressive leaders
generally and an overwhelming per
centage, of the progressive rank and
file are supporting Mr.- Hughes.
Colonel Roosevelt has been stumping
the country for Hughes.' As a result
of Governor Johnson's efforts, Cali
fornia is. safely within the republican
column. Such progressive leaders as
Raymond Robins, James R. Garfield,
Henry J. Allen, Senator Miles Poin-
dexter, Senator Moses Clapp, Albert
J. Beveridge, Congressmen John I.
Nolan, William Dudly Foulke, Ar
thur L. Garford, Medill McCormick,
George W. Perkins, Oscar Straus,
Winston Churchill, Everett Colby,
Charles Sumner Bird, Henry F.
Cochems, Henry A. Pattengill, Joseph
H. Dickson, Ira Kirkwood, Leslie
Coombs, Chester H. Rowell, Myer
Lissner, Dwight B. Heard, Ben Grif
fith, Clarence P. Dodge, George White,
Milton D. Purdy, Casper Schenk, C.
D. Pope, Gifford Pinchot, and, in fact,
practically all of the effective leader
ship of the progressive party, is active
ly supporting Hughes on the stump,
and otherwise, four-fifthsof the pro
gressive national committee are for
Hughes, including several of the men
who in the last meeting of the com
mittee opposed the resolution endors
ing himi , Mr. Hughes has gained
strength among the progressives since
that meeting and Mr. Wilson has
lost it '
Hughes' Election Assured.
"After a careful canvass of. the pro
gressive situation in every state with
in the jurisdiction of the western head
quarters, I am satisfied that if Mr.
Hughes will hold the republican vote,
and of that there can be no doubt, he
will be overwhelmingly elected.
"In some states, of which Kansas is
a type, more than 95 per cent of the
Roosevelt vote oi 1912 will be added
to the Hughes in .1916. In some states
the percentage will not run so high,
but in no state will less than 85 per
cent of the progressive vote support
"I am not making this statement
from guess work. I have correspond
ed with thousands of progressives in
this western territory, and I have had
direct reports from practically every
western state by men sent out from
these headquarters to study local situ
ations and to report actual facts. In
a few states, of which Utah is a type,
where at the outset it appeared the
progressive vote was so disaffected
that the state might go democratic,
active organisation work has been
done among progresives, with the re
sult that the progressive vote support
ing Hughes will average with the
other states. '
' Wilionites Desperate.
"The determined effort being made
in these latter days of the campaign
to line up the progressive vote for Mr.
Wilson demonstrates two facts: First,
that Mr. Wilson is desperately in need
of that vote and realizes that without
it he cannot win; second, that the
democratic management realizes that
the overwhelming percentage of the
? regressive vote is for Mr. Hughes,
f Mr. Wilson did not need the pro
gressive vote so badly as his managers
now confess, progressive speakers on
special trains would not be hurrying
through middle western states. And
if he has this vote now,, as his man
agers try to make it appear, he would
not have to be going after it with a
dragnet. " " -
"So far as the progressie vote is
concerned, we are ready to go to the
polls. This is an intelligent' move
ment anLcannot be stampeded to the
support of a man whose twistings and
turnings, whose vacillation and inde
cision, have made it difficult for even
traditional democrats to follow him."
Colda Nm4 Attention.
Tour cold needs Dr. Bell'i Plne-Tar-Honey.
It cutt phlegm, kllli germs, stops
the oouffh.' Only SSc. All druggists. Adv.
3, 1916.
. N .
American Writes of His Trip on
Train Carrying German
Officials, -
(Correspondence of The Associated Press.)
London, Aug. 28. An American
who recently made the journey from
Berlin to Constantinople on the cele
brated Balkans express writes the
following letter of his trip to the
London Times: j
"Twice a week a train of seven cars
pulls into Berlin. It is labeled in
toot-high letters throughout all its
length 'Balkamug'. This is ' the
much-lauded Berlin - Constantinople
express, which conveys military offi
cers and officials to and from the
Turkish capitol.
"The obtaining of a permit to
travel on the Balkan express is a
matter of extreme difficulty. Every
passenger, after a thorough examina
tion, is provided with a train ticket
like a passport, which in fact it really
is. It bears trie portrait of the trav
eler and all particulars of use to the
police and the military. These par
ticulars are written in German and
Turkish. The train is a Turkish
train when it is in Ottoman terru
tory, but immediately it leaves it
becomes a German train. All the
train attendants are German.
"With characteristic thoroughness
the Teuton has effaced all the notices
that were printed in English or
French. For instance, the notices as
to hot air for the 4 heaters which
hitherto were printed in English,
French and German, have been alter
ed, the English and French being
blacked out and a Turkish translation
added. All through the train there
are notices warning the travelers as-l
to talking of military matters and
suggesting that spies are everywhere.
Populace Interested. -
"As the train passes through the
various countries along the route the
populace is immensely interested. The
stops are short, none longer than 20
minutes; at Dresden only seven min
utes are allowed. Passengers may
not leave the station, but are expect
ed to keep to the platform. For most
part the travelers are German and
Austrian officers and officials, but a
few Turks use the train for journeys
as far even as Berlin, where now the
tarbush may be seen in the streets.
"Running through Serbia the most
impressiye signs of the German occu
pation were the encampments of the
troops alongside the permanent way.
There are huge notices up at all sta
tions warning the inhabitants to keep
away from the railway. No one is al
lowed on the platforms, because the
whole country is still infected with
typhus, and there has to be the most
rigorous supervision, for this reason.
All along the line may be seen the
trenches and the rusty barbed-wire
entanglements that tell of the fighting
months ago.. At each little fortified
encampment German soldiers have
planted vegetable gardens, over which
may be read the legend, "Krieg
sacker" (war garden). There were no
signs of their having planted any
wheat or grainy .
"Through . Serbia . nearly all the
bridges of any size had been de
stroyed, at least partially. Often
whole spans had been blown out. In
many cases the Germans had replaced
these, moving them bodily to their
old positions. In some of the other
bridges, where the girders and way
were s badly damaged as to defy re
pair, temporary bridges or wooden
trestles had been built. These struc
tures may serve during the summer
season, but they couldnot stand even
a moderate flood. The work, there
fore, still goes on, and in time ,the
old bridges will be reconstructed.
"A whole dav is spent in the jour
ney through Bulgaria.
"Along the whole line from Berlin
to Constantinople and even down into
Syria there are thousands of Belgian
railway cars. These are easily recog
nizable, for they still have the Bel
gian marks on them. To these the
imperial cipher and the eagle have
been added. Troops are on the
move in Bulgaria, as elsewhere, but
they seem to be mostly away from
the line of the Balkanzug. There is
not the briskness that is evident im
mediately one enters Turkish terri
tory. At Adrianople there are signs
of great activity." J
No Market for Diamonds Abroad,
So the Supply Comes Over
Europe's production of the class of
merchandise generally referred to as
"luxuries" is steadily declining, if the
weekly reports of the New York Cus
toms house covering imports here
can be relied upon as a true index of
conditions abroad. Customs officials
charged with the examination of fine
art goods and luxuries have declared
that the stress of conflict in Europe
was becoming such that, unless the
war ended shortly, stilt lower levels
of imports in these' classes might be
It was addend that, as the bulk of
European luxury goods consumed- in
the United States was entered here,
New York was an excellent barom
eter of the ability of foreign manu
facturers and producers to make and
ship their products to the American
market, held by them to be the most
desirable in the world.
The local ) cltstoms house reports
appear to indicate that; although Eu
rope, is losing its primary position
here as an importer of luxuries, the
far east merchants are taking advan
tage of Europe's misfortune to ship
here, unprecedented quantities , of
Oriental merchandise of all kinds, in
cluding objects of art, chinaware,
silks, expensive window and door
hangings, pearls, and the like. China,
Japan and India are vying with each
other in that trade.
In the luxury class diamonds, pearls,
and other precious stones alone show
great and constantly increasing vol
ume. This is explained by the fact
that the gems are' merely shipped to
Europe from South Africa or wher
ever found and distributed from Am
sterdam, London and Paris. The
United States is absorbing the gems
at the rate of more than $1,000,000 a
week. Cut but unset diamonds pre
dominate in the imports at this time,
while India, "which formerly sent all
of its pearls to Paris as the chief dis
tributing center, now does a big di
rect trade with Fifth avenue and
Maiden Lane importers. ,; .,..,.
The customs house Statement cov
ering imports in the week ended Sep
tember 30, .the latest to be' issued,
thnwrri that diamonds. Deans anu
other precious stones were received
here in the period having an ap
praised value of $1,280,611. Other
classes of lixuries, however, made a
poor showing for the most part.
French champagne, for example, had
a value of only $1,055. Champagne
from England totaled $1,034, while
Italy's contribution was returned at
$13. Notable decreases were found
in the importation of cotton and
woolen dress goods, while French
silk fabrics of the higher grades
showed a sagging tendency. Un
.Iressed furs and skins had a value
of only $75:258, although the present
vogue for the material for use as
trimming for women's wear, would,
it was said, warrant vastly heavier
imports. v
Art works ran somewhat heavier
in the week just reported than in
recent similar periods, their value
being $525,642, of which Brazil sent
objects appraised at $119,033. De
creased import were reported in gold
and silver manufactured articles, jew
elry, toilet preparations, perfumes and
According to trade authorities, the
growing scarcity of foreign luxury
products has given a strong impetus
to competing American , manufac
turers. Many domestic manufactur
ers believe they will retain much of
this traHp after th war.
General merchandise lmDorts en-r
in ttia WAUL- laet TrnnrtLA
including much raw material for con
version into manufactured ' goods,
reafched $21,515,950. Warehpuse en-
trids in the period amounted to $2,
236,139, and goods withdrawn from
bonded warehouses, $3,520,919. Total
merchandise imports here for the cal-
endar year to date were valued at
$1,066,437,987, compared with $730,
309,273 in the corresponding period
last year. ,
Nofio Be Caught.
"I think children are not so observing as
they used to be,", said a member of the
school board to a teacher whose class he
was visiting.
"I hadn't noticed It said the teacher.
"I'll prove It to you," said the school
officer pompously, 'fuming to the class,
"Borne one give me a number."
"Thirty-seven," said a little girl eagerly.
He wrote "73" 1 on the board. Nothing
was said.
"Welt, some one else give me a number."
"Fifty-seven," said another child,
"He wrote 76," and smiled knowingly
at the teacher when nothing was said.
He called for a third number, and fairly
gasped at the Indignation manifested by
a small, red-faced urchin, who said;
"Seventy-seven, and see If you can change
that." Harper's Magazine.
N The Wrong Meaning.
Miss Helen Hughes, the republican can
didate's daughter, told at the Lake Ne
phawln camp of the Young Women's Chris
tian association an apposite story.
"Many of us," she said, "are apt to at.
tribute a wrong meaning, a degraded mean
lng, to the most harmless words. .
"We're to little like the lady who said: '
"doctor, tm worriea aoout my nair. its
coming out something dreadful. '
" 'Humph.' said the dootor. 'That slgnt
flea a run-down system. You'll have to
" -All right, doctor.' What wltn7' said
the lady, promptly. "Henna, or -peroxide 7' "
Washington Star."
How to Prevent Croup.
In a child that is subject to attacks
of croup, the first indication of the
disease is hoarseness. Give Chamber
lain's Cough Remedy as soon as the
child becomes hoarse and the attack
may be 'warded off and all danger
and anxiety avoided. Adveritsement