Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 29, 1916, NEWS SECTION, Page 8, Image 8
8 A THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: OCTOBER 29, 1916. : it WILSON YIELDED TO EVERY COMER Gave -Way in Case of Japan, ( in Mexico and in Railroad Wage Fight. BIO CROWD AT AUDITORIUM Ex-Senator Albert J. Beveridge of Indiana held the close attention of a large gathering in the Auditorium for two hours Friday evening. He was greeted with frequent outbursts of applause. His clean manner of ex pression and his forceful presentation of arguments completely won the ' crowd, which gave a rousing cheer at the close when the name of Charles E. Hughes was mentioned. John L. Kennedy and Ben S. Baker likewise were chetred when their names were mentioned by the speaker. County Chairman Howell intro duced Norris Brown, former col league of Mr. Beveridge, Mr. Brown in turn introducing the In diana man. Policy of Yielding. The speaker referred to the Wil son administration as having attained a record of yielding whenever there was trouble ahead. He said Presi dent Wilson yielded in the Japanese exclusion bill, in the Mexican policy and the Adamson bill. He won enthusiastic applause when he said, "American rights should be maintained peacefully, if we can, but forcibly, if v.e must.' A few of his characteristic state ments follow: "We are interested more in con struction than in criticism. . "The scheme of localism, out of which democracy was born, is dead; a new nationalism is being born. "They stole our label, but our soods are not in their package. "Not one single constructive re form had iti origin in t democratic brain. The commerce and banking law was written by t , republican statesman. A republican started the fight for a child labor law. The na tional Business Trades commission was started by a republican. Emergency Confronti Us. "The orotection of our industries becomes an emergency. It, is our busi ness to look out for ourselves. "Our Mexican policy has been such that you cannot state it truthfully without seeming to exaggerate. "Americans went to Mexico upon invitation of that government and the sanction of this government. They went there under a guarantee that " their lives and property would be protected and that guarantee was a treaty solemnly entered into between this country and Mexico." Mr. Beveridge handled the Adamson wage-raising bill without gloves. He began this phase of his talk with this statement: "I speak as one whose written record shows that he has a right to speak as a friend of labor." Analysis of Adamson, Law, Then he discussed the Adamson bill in the following language: . "Just as the administration, in prin ciple, surrendered American sove reignty tc a foreign power in the trucklW'to Japan, so, in principle, the adrnmistratioa abdicated govern ment in forcing congress to yield to the threat of a nation-wide strike. "If the precedent shall be followed, which the president forced a cowering and timorous congress to make, when it passed the Adamson bill, the gov ernment is at an end. The question thrust upon us by the ten-hour-pay-for-eight-hour-day law, is this: Do we want government? "It is not whether we prefer the rule of all the people rather than that of less than 1 per cent of the people. It is whether we desire any .orderly management, whatever of public af fairs. "If a small majority of 100,000 out of 100,000,000 people can compel the submission of the other 99,000,000, another like group can do the same 1 thing. Government by Caste. "To concede that a small part of the people may coerce the govern ment of all the people, is to deny the very idea of popular government. It is to assert the wisdom of govern ment by a caste strong enough to ex act special privileges by force. Such an idea is fatal to a republic of equal men under equal laws. "This is the issue raised by Mr. Wilson's action in forcing a timid con gress to pass the ten-hour-pay-day-for-eight-hour-day-law. "Congress did not enact a statute they merely carried out a ukase is sued by a power outside and defiant of the government chosen by all the people. k. "Legislation by intimidation is ab dication of government. Congress only went through the forms of legis lation in ignorance and without voli tion of its own. It acted under duress, upon a time limit so short that there were barely hours enough to draw the bill and vote upon it. Matter of Wages. "If the cight-hour-day had been the proposition, congress on its own initi ative, would have had reasonable ground for -tpproving it. That prob lem has been studied and discussed for years. I fought for it all my pub lic life. It has long been the work limit in the immense operations of the government itself. The whole in dustrial trend is toward it. But the eight-hour-day was not the point in dispute. The controversy was over the raise of wages for one-fifth of the railway employes who were already paid much more than four-fifths of their comrades. It was to legislate this increase that the president forced congress with the menace of national catastrophe. The Supreme Court. "The abasement of government, and that alone, and nothing else, is the issue. The national government lies with its face in the dust and the feet of force on its neck. It is our duty and privilege to put it once more on its feet and make it again the impar tial agent of all the people, instead of the whimpering slave of any faction, to the pliant tool of any cabal. "The legislative department makes the laws, the judicial department in terprets them. This law will be tested in the courts. Suppose the same power that overawed congress by threats of national disaster, should say to the supreme court of the United States, when the law comes before it: 'If you do not, without argu ment or consideration, forthwith de cide this case as we dictate, the na tion will be paralyzed immediately!' What answer would the country make to that? Vet forcing a court to hold a law valid is the same as forcing congress to pass or defeat a bill. "The president's course was not necessary to prevent the strike. Peace With Honor. "A strong, calm president would have said to both sides: 'Gentlemen, there is a third party to this dispute; this third party is more important than both of you put together, because it gives the railroads the right to ex ist on the one hand, and it pays every dollar out of which comes the wages of the men on the other hand. that third party is the American people. I am their official representative. They desire only justice to both railroads and employes. They wish you to ar bitrate your differences. As the party most interested, they demand that you do so. If you railway managers re fuse, I, as the authorized agent of the principal party in interest, will ask the national courts to appoint receiv ers, and there are a dozen grounds for their appointment. If the rail ways accept and you heads of the brotherhoods refuse and strike, I will see that not only every train carrying a mail car is run, but that every train on which there is an ounce of gov ernment propery is also run. I will appeal to the power of the courts on the one hand, and I will use all my authority at commander-in-chief of the military forces of the nation on the other hand.' If the president had firmly and quietly taken that attitude. does any man suppose that either the railways or the men would have re sisted? , Turmoil Were Better. "If, in spite of this, either side had chosen war, it would have been better for the country to have gone through the turmoil and damage than for the legislative and executive branches of the natfonal government to have re nounced their functions and become the manikins and puppets of organ ized force. "Peaceful arbitration would have permitted the nation to consider and give judgment on the merits of the case. But the grim issue now con fronting us the issue of government or no government does not admit of that Whether the men or the roads were in the right, has nothing to do with the question of forcibly compel ling the representatives of the people to do the bidding of either." What Is War? The senator assailed the "kept-us-out-of-war" claim, asking, "With whom did he keep us out of war?" On this subject he said: "Have we been kept out of war with Mexico? What is war? Merely a declaration? Our naval war with France was waged for two years without a declaration. Japan struck Russia without a declaration. War means offensive and deadly acts. We invaded .Mexico and withdrew; but fighting took place and American marines were killed. Our territory was invaded by Mexicans who were driven out; hut again Americans were killed. We invaded that country once more and today our militia forces, with seige. guns, are interenched in the heart of northern Mexico. They have fought with uniformed Mexicans and soldiers of both sides have fallen. Almost the whole of our effective military forceSjare kept on the border and lines of communication estab lished with Pershing's men. Our War department has held officially that a deserter from our army must be punished as in time of war. The gov ernment's censorship of all news is more rinid than that of European bel ligerents. If all this is not war, what is it? If such a-state of things ex isted between ourselves and any other nation what would we call it? What would the world call it? Who Kept European Neutral Nations Out of War? Who kept Sweden out of the war? Yet Sweden is so near the flames of battle that they almost scorch her. And what has been done to us has been attempted vith' Sweden. But, although not so large as the average American state and not so populous as some, Sweden has protected her interests and her honor by the firm word of a government that meant what it said, backed by a prepared people, peaceful, but spirited, and not to proud to fight. When Great Brit ain seized Swedish mail, Sweden seized British mail; after that retalia tion Swedish mail has not been vio lated. Yet Sweden is at peace. "Why don't they run Wilson for president of Sweden? "Who kept Holland out of the war? Yet you may hear in Amsterdam the roar of the guns, "Who kept Switzerland out of the war? Yet its flames mount to the heavens upon its very borders. "Who kept Spain out of the war? "Who kept Norway out of the war? "Because none of them wanted to set into the war and because, while each side wanted them to fight for it, neither side wanted them to fight atrainst it. "And how ' did they keep out of the war? By practicing an honest neutrality and being prepared to maintain it. v "And where do these little nations who kept out of the war with honor, now stand in the esteem of the bellig erents in comparison with their opin ion of us? So high that while the president of Switzerland or king of Spain might be called to preside over the peace conference it is certain that the president of the United States will have no voice or place in that historic and fateful council. "Why is it that the whole world respects, trusts and admires other nations which, with more temptations than we had to go into the war, nev ertheless kept out of the War, while we alone are held in universal dis trust, derision and contempt. "And what of South American na tions? They have kept out of war. Yet nobody is running for president of any South American republic on the plea that he kept the countrjout of war. "The campaign sloean that the "ad ministration has kept us out of war' is no more argument in its favor than to say that the administration ought to be kept in power because the presi dent did not burn down the White House. Surrenders "Kept Us Out of . - Trouble." "The administration argues that our surrender to Japan in the matter of the imir.-gration bill, to the broth erhood chiefs in the ten-hour-pay-for-eight-hour-day-law, and all other sur renders of American rights on land and sea, kept us out of trouble. Bat a man or a nation can keep out of trouble in this way so often that trouble is created by the very process. Just that 'is what already has hap pened to us. , "The . administration submitted to the destruction of American life on land and on sea in order to keep us (jut of trouble. "It allowed American women to be outraged and American men to be murdered in -order to keep us out of trouble. It allowed and still allows Ameri can mail to be opened and its con tents used for the advantage of the competitors of American, business men in order to keep us out ot trouble. "It has permitted and still permits American cargoes to be confiscated and ships captured, even when plying between American ports, in order to keep us out of trouble. "It has permitted and still permits American export houses to be de stroyed and their business given to foreign export houses in order to keep us out of trouble. Commerce by Sufferance. "In order to keep us out of trouble it has yielded until today all Amen can commerce with neutral countries can be carried on only by a written We Are Selling Thousands of Q Cc. . Our G. L W. Spring Oilers i!cL HEAR WHAT AN OMAHA MAN SAYS "Having purchased set of your oilers for my car, I find they have surpassed my wildest anticipation.' They have increased easy riding facilities of the car ten-fold, also having removed all rust from between the spring leaves. I am surely what you would term I satisfied customer. "W. B. M'CABE." We have equipped the following cars with our oiler: Overland, Haynes, Stearns, Jeffrey, Ford, Scripps-Booth, Pack ard, Buick, Chalmers, Reo, Maxwell, Cadillac, Hupmobile, Metz, Hud son, Paige, Studebaker, Oakland, Detroit Electric, Auburn, Mitchell, Kissell Kar, Pathfinder, Motorcycles. . Remember It Cost Only 25 Cents ASK YOUR DEALER Salesmen and Agents Wanted. Garage and Accessory Dealers This is a well-advertised article and big demand Is being created for it Why not stock a few of these oilers for your customers? , j The. G. L W. Spring Oiler Co. Phone Douglas 3217. Office Brandeis Bldg. permission of a foreign power which is our commercial rival. "If the administration is right in all this, what is government for? "If the purpose of our government only to punish our own citizens when they murder fellow citizens, but not to object to the murder of our citi zens by bandetti in another country? "Is the object of our government to prosecute and imprison our own citizens when they interfere with our mail in our own land but not to pre vent the same thing when done by a foreign power? "Is the purpose of our government to bring our own citizens before our courts for honest and necessary acts contrary to ancient, absurd business laws, but not to prevent the utter destruction of the business of our own citizens by nations whose sub jects compete withthem? Maintaining Rights. "Or is it the duty of our govern ment to safeguard the lives of its citizens wherever they rightfully go, to protect- American property wherever it lawfully is, to maintain the inviolability ot American mail wherever it is sent; to uphold the liberty of American business men, of American commerce, on sea and on land, and to maintain American rights everywhere on earth? "Those who believe that all things for which civilized governments are established should be sacrificed in order to keep out of trouble for the time being, with a certainty of get ting into greater trouble thereafter, should support Wilson and Marshall. "On the other hand, those who be lieve that the American government, without bravado or bluster, should firmly stand for all these things for which civilized governments exist, and which every other modern nation, little and big, except our own during the last four years, has" steadfastly upheld, should vote for Hughes and Fairbanks.'" Indian Girl, Whose Spirit . Haunted Campfires, Dies Julia Faumfaumfoci, the pretty la; dian girl, who was stricken with ap pendicitis during Ak-Sar-Ben celebra tion, passed to the Happy Hunting Grounds yesterday. Julia was 21 years old. Indians at Fort Omaha predicted her death, saying that they saw her spirit hover close to the blue flames of the camp. fire. She will be buried at Macy, Neb. THE Significance of Good Digestion is strongly reflected in your general health and happi- nescs. For a ny digestive weak n e s s, liver and bowel trouble ,or malaria, fever and ague You should try UIOSTETTER'S ini stomach Bitters Bit Observe This j 7 Passenger Touring I IN Congested city II 3 Passenger Roadster 1 1 1 traffic the KING $13150 1 will creep along in j I high and when II , I Luxurious Sedan- if an opening comes, dart II I 1900 I ' 'away wh locomotive ill I ! , " l speed at the movement 11 f See the luxurious sedan at the closed yjyjs " m' cr slow n tlie ran(e's stores ov' II VO)' fly Jh Noyes-Killy Motor Co., Jl fffijjyTiff 1 . ja)T?nl 2066-68 Farnam St., Omaha. II COAL AND GAS COMBINATION RANGE We carry the Ever-Ready Mon ogram, and guarantee it. Perfection Oil Heater Special $3.59 See Our Line of Oak Heaters Base Burners ' Radiant Hdtne and V Quick Meal Ranges. Also' 1 FIRELESS GAS RANGE The Chamber; is the one Fire leu Gas Range that does all A. B. New Idea that is claimed for it. We Gas Ranges. would like to show you this w. s.ii aii sions ;tov- up fin P.ym.ati If Dirl. from. .yiVtUV 'turn. s-.r.Nrn ;n.;wiL'ae- Jf i THE TOURING- SEDAN tjDesupviecL -for tTve A SUMMER CAR for rain or thine for touring or for town A. WINTER CAR All-Time Comfort Here is a car as good for foul days as for fair. As com fortable in January as in June. When you want a Touring Car the windows drop. The sides are open then as in the picture at the top. If you want protection from storm or dust, simply raise the windows. Then you have an elegant Sedan. In summer you have an open car in winter a closed car. Each is a perfect car of its type. So one car serves the year around without any changing over. The demand for this type in a single year has increased ten-fold. , A Man and Wife Car As a Sedan this car fulfills a woman's idea of luxury. It is upholstered and appointed like a brougham. The seats are all in one compartment. So the woman may drive if she wishes. Yet it is just as much a man's car as the usual touring model. With the Super-Six Motor Like all this-year Hudsons, the Touring Sedan contains the new Super-Six motor. This is the motor which, in official tests, has out-performed all others. Vibrationand friction are reduced almost to nil. Motor efficiency is increased 80 per cent. Endurance is almost doubled. The Super-Six has proved itself the world's finest motor. And a man who buys a car like this should get it. Totatnt Sedan, UMt Dttroii HUDSON MOTOR CAR COMPANY 2563-67 Farnam Street GUY L. SMITH "Service First" Phone Douglas 1970 OMAHA, NEB. Ai 1515 HARNEY Cl SONS CO.