Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 29, 1916, NEWS SECTION, Page 8, Image 8

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    8 A
: it
Gave -Way in Case of Japan,
( in Mexico and in Railroad
Wage Fight.
Ex-Senator Albert J. Beveridge of
Indiana held the close attention of a
large gathering in the Auditorium for
two hours Friday evening. He was
greeted with frequent outbursts of
applause. His clean manner of ex
pression and his forceful presentation
of arguments completely won the
' crowd, which gave a rousing cheer
at the close when the name of Charles
E. Hughes was mentioned. John L.
Kennedy and Ben S. Baker likewise
were chetred when their names were
mentioned by the speaker.
County Chairman Howell intro
duced Norris Brown, former col
league of Mr. Beveridge, Mr.
Brown in turn introducing the In
diana man.
Policy of Yielding.
The speaker referred to the Wil
son administration as having attained
a record of yielding whenever there
was trouble ahead. He said Presi
dent Wilson yielded in the Japanese
exclusion bill, in the Mexican policy
and the Adamson bill.
He won enthusiastic applause when
he said, "American rights should be
maintained peacefully, if we can, but
forcibly, if v.e must.'
A few of his characteristic state
ments follow:
"We are interested more in con
struction than in criticism. .
"The scheme of localism, out of
which democracy was born, is dead;
a new nationalism is being born.
"They stole our label, but our
soods are not in their package.
"Not one single constructive re
form had iti origin in t democratic
brain. The commerce and banking
law was written by t , republican
statesman. A republican started the
fight for a child labor law. The na
tional Business Trades commission
was started by a republican.
Emergency Confronti Us.
"The orotection of our industries
becomes an emergency. It, is our busi
ness to look out for ourselves.
"Our Mexican policy has been such
that you cannot state it truthfully
without seeming to exaggerate.
"Americans went to Mexico upon
invitation of that government and the
sanction of this government. They
went there under a guarantee that
" their lives and property would be
protected and that guarantee was a
treaty solemnly entered into between
this country and Mexico."
Mr. Beveridge handled the
Adamson wage-raising bill without
gloves. He began this phase of his
talk with this statement: "I speak
as one whose written record shows
that he has a right to speak as a
friend of labor."
Analysis of Adamson, Law,
Then he discussed the Adamson bill
in the following language:
. "Just as the administration, in prin
ciple, surrendered American sove
reignty tc a foreign power in the
trucklW'to Japan, so, in principle,
the adrnmistratioa abdicated govern
ment in forcing congress to yield to
the threat of a nation-wide strike.
"If the precedent shall be followed,
which the president forced a cowering
and timorous congress to make, when
it passed the Adamson bill, the gov
ernment is at an end. The question
thrust upon us by the ten-hour-pay-for-eight-hour-day
law, is this: Do we
want government?
"It is not whether we prefer the
rule of all the people rather than that
of less than 1 per cent of the people.
It is whether we desire any .orderly
management, whatever of public af
fairs. "If a small majority of 100,000
out of 100,000,000 people can compel
the submission of the other 99,000,000,
another like group can do the same
1 thing.
Government by Caste.
"To concede that a small part of
the people may coerce the govern
ment of all the people, is to deny the
very idea of popular government. It
is to assert the wisdom of govern
ment by a caste strong enough to ex
act special privileges by force. Such
an idea is fatal to a republic of equal
men under equal laws.
"This is the issue raised by Mr.
Wilson's action in forcing a timid con
gress to pass the ten-hour-pay-day-for-eight-hour-day-law.
"Congress did not enact a statute
they merely carried out a ukase is
sued by a power outside and defiant
of the government chosen by all the
people. k.
"Legislation by intimidation is ab
dication of government. Congress
only went through the forms of legis
lation in ignorance and without voli
tion of its own. It acted under duress,
upon a time limit so short that there
were barely hours enough to draw
the bill and vote upon it.
Matter of Wages.
"If the cight-hour-day had been the
proposition, congress on its own initi
ative, would have had reasonable
ground for -tpproving it. That prob
lem has been studied and discussed
for years. I fought for it all my pub
lic life. It has long been the work
limit in the immense operations of
the government itself. The whole in
dustrial trend is toward it. But the
eight-hour-day was not the point in
dispute. The controversy was over
the raise of wages for one-fifth of the
railway employes who were already
paid much more than four-fifths of
their comrades. It was to legislate
this increase that the president forced
congress with the menace of national
The Supreme Court.
"The abasement of government, and
that alone, and nothing else, is the
issue. The national government lies
with its face in the dust and the feet
of force on its neck. It is our duty
and privilege to put it once more on
its feet and make it again the impar
tial agent of all the people, instead of
the whimpering slave of any faction,
to the pliant tool of any cabal.
"The legislative department makes
the laws, the judicial department in
terprets them. This law will be tested
in the courts. Suppose the same
power that overawed congress by
threats of national disaster, should
say to the supreme court of the
United States, when the law comes
before it: 'If you do not, without argu
ment or consideration, forthwith de
cide this case as we dictate, the na
tion will be paralyzed immediately!'
What answer would the country make
to that? Vet forcing a court to hold
a law valid is the same as forcing
congress to pass or defeat a bill.
"The president's course was not
necessary to prevent the strike.
Peace With Honor.
"A strong, calm president would
have said to both sides: 'Gentlemen,
there is a third party to this dispute;
this third party is more important
than both of you put together, because
it gives the railroads the right to ex
ist on the one hand, and it pays every
dollar out of which comes the wages
of the men on the other hand. that
third party is the American people.
I am their official representative. They
desire only justice to both railroads
and employes. They wish you to ar
bitrate your differences. As the party
most interested, they demand that you
do so. If you railway managers re
fuse, I, as the authorized agent of the
principal party in interest, will ask
the national courts to appoint receiv
ers, and there are a dozen grounds
for their appointment. If the rail
ways accept and you heads of the
brotherhoods refuse and strike, I will
see that not only every train carrying
a mail car is run, but that every train
on which there is an ounce of gov
ernment propery is also run. I will
appeal to the power of the courts on
the one hand, and I will use all my
authority at commander-in-chief of
the military forces of the nation on
the other hand.' If the president had
firmly and quietly taken that attitude.
does any man suppose that either the
railways or the men would have re
, Turmoil Were Better.
"If, in spite of this, either side had
chosen war, it would have been better
for the country to have gone through
the turmoil and damage than for the
legislative and executive branches of
the natfonal government to have re
nounced their functions and become
the manikins and puppets of organ
ized force.
"Peaceful arbitration would have
permitted the nation to consider and
give judgment on the merits of the
case. But the grim issue now con
fronting us the issue of government
or no government does not admit of
that Whether the men or the roads
were in the right, has nothing to do
with the question of forcibly compel
ling the representatives of the people
to do the bidding of either."
What Is War?
The senator assailed the "kept-us-out-of-war"
claim, asking, "With
whom did he keep us out of war?"
On this subject he said:
"Have we been kept out of war
with Mexico? What is war? Merely
a declaration? Our naval war with
France was waged for two years
without a declaration. Japan struck
Russia without a declaration. War
means offensive and deadly acts. We
invaded .Mexico and withdrew; but
fighting took place and American
marines were killed. Our territory
was invaded by Mexicans who were
driven out; hut again Americans were
killed. We invaded that country once
more and today our militia forces,
with seige. guns, are interenched in
the heart of northern Mexico. They
have fought with uniformed Mexicans
and soldiers of both sides have fallen.
Almost the whole of our effective
military forceSjare kept on the border
and lines of communication estab
lished with Pershing's men. Our War
department has held officially that
a deserter from our army must be
punished as in time of war. The gov
ernment's censorship of all news is
more rinid than that of European bel
ligerents. If all this is not war, what
is it? If such a-state of things ex
isted between ourselves and any other
nation what would we call it? What
would the world call it?
Who Kept European Neutral Nations
Out of War?
Who kept Sweden out of the war?
Yet Sweden is so near the flames of
battle that they almost scorch her.
And what has been done to us has
been attempted vith' Sweden. But,
although not so large as the average
American state and not so populous
as some, Sweden has protected her
interests and her honor by the firm
word of a government that meant
what it said, backed by a prepared
people, peaceful, but spirited, and not
to proud to fight. When Great Brit
ain seized Swedish mail, Sweden
seized British mail; after that retalia
tion Swedish mail has not been vio
lated. Yet Sweden is at peace.
"Why don't they run Wilson for
president of Sweden?
"Who kept Holland out of the war?
Yet you may hear in Amsterdam the
roar of the guns,
"Who kept Switzerland out of the
war? Yet its flames mount to the
heavens upon its very borders.
"Who kept Spain out of the war?
"Who kept Norway out of the war?
"Because none of them wanted to
set into the war and because, while
each side wanted them to fight for
it, neither side wanted them to fight
atrainst it.
"And how ' did they keep out of
the war? By practicing an honest
neutrality and being prepared to
maintain it. v
"And where do these little nations
who kept out of the war with honor,
now stand in the esteem of the bellig
erents in comparison with their opin
ion of us? So high that while the
president of Switzerland or king of
Spain might be called to preside over
the peace conference it is certain that
the president of the United States
will have no voice or place in that
historic and fateful council.
"Why is it that the whole world
respects, trusts and admires other
nations which, with more temptations
than we had to go into the war, nev
ertheless kept out of the War, while
we alone are held in universal dis
trust, derision and contempt.
"And what of South American na
tions? They have kept out of war.
Yet nobody is running for president
of any South American republic on
the plea that he kept the countrjout
of war.
"The campaign sloean that the "ad
ministration has kept us out of war'
is no more argument in its favor than
to say that the administration ought
to be kept in power because the presi
dent did not burn down the White
Surrenders "Kept Us Out of .
- Trouble."
"The administration argues that
our surrender to Japan in the matter
of the imir.-gration bill, to the broth
erhood chiefs in the ten-hour-pay-for-eight-hour-day-law,
and all other sur
renders of American rights on land
and sea, kept us out of trouble. Bat
a man or a nation can keep out of
trouble in this way so often that
trouble is created by the very process.
Just that 'is what already has hap
pened to us. ,
"The . administration submitted to
the destruction of American life on
land and on sea in order to keep us
(jut of trouble.
"It allowed American women to
be outraged and American men to
be murdered in -order to keep us out
of trouble.
It allowed and still allows Ameri
can mail to be opened and its con
tents used for the advantage of the
competitors of American, business
men in order to keep us out ot
"It has permitted and still permits
American cargoes to be confiscated
and ships captured, even when plying
between American ports, in order to
keep us out of trouble.
"It has permitted and still permits
American export houses to be de
stroyed and their business given to
foreign export houses in order to
keep us out of trouble.
Commerce by Sufferance.
"In order to keep us out of trouble
it has yielded until today all Amen
can commerce with neutral countries
can be carried on only by a written
We Are Selling Thousands of Q Cc. .
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, j
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Phone Douglas 3217. Office Brandeis Bldg.
permission of a foreign power which
is our commercial rival.
"If the administration is right in
all this, what is government for?
"If the purpose of our government
only to punish our own citizens when
they murder fellow citizens, but not
to object to the murder of our citi
zens by bandetti in another country?
"Is the object of our government
to prosecute and imprison our own
citizens when they interfere with our
mail in our own land but not to pre
vent the same thing when done by a
foreign power?
"Is the purpose of our government
to bring our own citizens before our
courts for honest and necessary acts
contrary to ancient, absurd business
laws, but not to prevent the utter
destruction of the business of our
own citizens by nations whose sub
jects compete withthem?
Maintaining Rights.
"Or is it the duty of our govern
ment to safeguard the lives of its
citizens wherever they rightfully go,
to protect- American property
wherever it lawfully is, to maintain
the inviolability ot American mail
wherever it is sent; to uphold the
liberty of American business men, of
American commerce, on sea and on
land, and to maintain American
rights everywhere on earth?
"Those who believe that all things
for which civilized governments are
established should be sacrificed in
order to keep out of trouble for the
time being, with a certainty of get
ting into greater trouble thereafter,
should support Wilson and Marshall.
"On the other hand, those who be
lieve that the American government,
without bravado or bluster, should
firmly stand for all these things for
which civilized governments exist,
and which every other modern nation,
little and big, except our own during
the last four years, has" steadfastly
upheld, should vote for Hughes and
Indian Girl, Whose Spirit .
Haunted Campfires, Dies
Julia Faumfaumfoci, the pretty la;
dian girl, who was stricken with ap
pendicitis during Ak-Sar-Ben celebra
tion, passed to the Happy Hunting
Grounds yesterday. Julia was 21 years
old. Indians at Fort Omaha predicted
her death, saying that they saw her
spirit hover close to the blue flames
of the camp. fire.
She will be buried at Macy, Neb.
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Phone Douglas 1970
Ai 1515 HARNEY