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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 4, 1916)
THE BEE: OMAHA, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER ' 4, 1916,
Returns From Long: Branch,
Makes Measure Law and
Eastern on Trip.
ONE MANAGER IS DEAD
rnn4 tim Ttm Om.)
nffiriali aav the enactment will mean
not more than an annual increase of
$20,000,000. In congress and among
the railroad officials there has exist
ed doubt as to constitutionality of
the law, but what steps, if any, may
be taken to test this has not Deen
Quick Action Follows.
Quick action by the brotherhood
' heads followed the action in the sen.
- ate. No doubt existed in their minds
that President Wilson would sign the
hill as soon as it was handed to him.
The measure embraces virtually all
of tbe president's original proposals
to the employes and the railroad
heads, although it is only a part of
the legislative program ne took to
congress last Tuesday, when his nego
tiations had tailed.
- Issuance of the orders of cancella
tion followed a meeting of the four
, brotherhood heads and thirteen re
. main in g members of their commit tee
. of 640. Some opposition to acting
i r ... t . . . . 11.. i
ueiore inc president actually nau
affixed his signature was evidenced
in the meeting, but in the end the
seventeen voted unanimously to call
off the strike immediately. All the
code messages had been prepared in
advance and as quickly as the de
cision was announced, clerks rushed
to the telegraph offices with arm'
loads of the messages.
No Two Are Alike.
No two of the more than 600 die-
patches were alike. One of them
read: "It is reported that a big fire
is raging in Toronto." Another said:
"There is danger of 'your house burn
ing down tomorrow." Even the
brotherhood heads did not know what
all the messages contained, the com-
, position of them having been left to
, clerks. , t
The original plan to wait until the
president had signed the bill before
. calling off the strike was abandoned
in order to facilitate transmission of
the messases. It was thouaht if the
order were not sent out until tomor
row many small telegraph offices
probably would be closed; and the
10,000 or more local chairmen, all
of whom in turn are to receive mes
sages from the 640 general chairmen,
misht not be advised.
The argument also was advanced
that newspaper publicity tomorrow
morning throughout the country
would be of great assistance In get
ting tne wora to me employes wno
would be affected by the strike.
To See Wilson Sign BUI.
The four brotherhood heads were
invited tonmht to be present tomor
row morning when President Wilson
signs the bill. The president will
use four pens in affixing his signature
and each of the labor leaders will
be given ne of them as a : souvenir.
Although members of congress
l.t.liJ .. whn tlil.tr taalr lull
done, the relief was not ao much a
demonstration of satisfaction over
the legislation enacted as over the
immediate results' it eccomplished.
It not only stooped the strike, but
served to stay the soaring prices of
, food and necessaries of lite which had
been going rapidly upward for several
days. They also were jubilant that
at last the way looked clear for ad
journment of congress, but many
members of both houses were con
vinced that with the reassembling in
December, the question would come
up again and that permanent legisla
tion to be asked by the president
along the line of compulsory arbitra
tion would be pressed. In the mean
time the joint sub-committee recent
ly created by congress will get to
work on problems of railroad legisla
tion and prepare , recommendations
to be made as soon as possible in
the session to come.
Bay Congress Coerced.
Republican senators and a few of
'the democrat in debate on the bill
, declared unhesitatingly that congress
was being coerced, dictated to, driven
under the gun to the passage of the
eight-hour bill without any provisions
eta permanent character. Senator
Borah asserted that the railroad train
men would not dare to order the
strike if congress should abandon the
bill and adopt a resolution merely to
provide for a thorough consideration
of the whole subject. .
Senator Underwood declared the
strike would be as dead on 'Monday
morning if his amendment should be
added to the eight-hour bill a it
would be' without. Senator New
lands insisted that congress did not
dare to do what President Wilson
had dared to do and enact legislation
that would serve to stand as a per
manent barrier against such threat-'
ened industrial disaster.
Other senators, chiefly progressive
republicans, among them Cummins,
Kenyon and Norris, -said that that
labor was getting a bad bargain, "a
brassy gold brick," "a humbug," and
that they were conceding to congress
the right, to legislate on the question
of wages, a concession which in their
opinion the 600,000 trainmen of the
organizations affected would not ap
prove if it should be put to them
for a vote. -
But champions of the Adamson
bill said in reply that to amend the
.bill would mean that the strike would
not be stopped. They recalled to the
senate the declarations of the broth
erhood leaders that nothing would
serve to stay the strike except the
passage of the bill giving them the
eight-hour day end the proposed in
vestigation. Senator Reed, taking up cudgels for
the brotherhoods, ; asserted that a
quorum of the house was not in
Washington; that it therefore would
be impossible - to pass the bill if.
amended in any particular in time to
prevent the strike Monday, and con
gress would be blamed lor the dis
aster if it were not stayed in accord
ance with the plan designed by house
leaders. - ' . :. e
' This Argument Wins.
This line of argument iron the day
and not only prevented the adoption
of the Underwood amendment, but
; also served to defeat en amendment
by Senator-Newlands to make inter-
, ference with , the operation of rail
road trains a misdemeanor punishable
by fine and imprisonment, and an
Senate on 8-Hout Bill
For tlu BIN I).
rxraoera ta 1 1.
Aehuret Lea. Tenn.
nanicneaa z.e. Md.
Chilton . Nfwlanda
Fletcher Phelan .
Johnson. 8.D. Reed
Asnunt in Bill (S.
Bradr ' ' Oronna. , .
Cummins McLean .
uu rout Oliver
Clarke. Ark. Hardwlck.
amendment bv Senator I a Fntltt
wnicn wouia make certain that the
new law should not be construed to
repeal or modify the railroad hour.
of service law, which prohibits rail
road men from working continuously
mui c man sixteen nours.
The maioritv of the iratinn A.
mitted that thev were afrairl tn rhme
the dotting of an "i" or the crossing
of a "t in the house bill for fear it
"mm serve to forestall what all de
sired, a prevention of th atrik.
The senate galleries were crowded
iu capacity wnen tne vote was taken,
Ends Stirring Week.
The falling of the gavet on the
pafesage of the bill in the senate
tonight marked the end oft dramatic
and precedent-breakinar lr in
gress. "When President Wilson, fail-
L "rm ne railroads and
brotherhoods to an agreement, turned
to congress for relief, he men tin.
announced trios to the ranirnl m in
sult leaders about appearing before
congress in person, to lay the situ
ation before it Hurried arrangements
for the ceremony were made and the
prcsiaent addressed a joint session on
Tuesday suarffratine' Ij-a-ialetltn ...uik
Included the provisions of the bill to
provide means of preventing future
difficulties and for handling military
trams In the event of a strike.
Committees of both houses went to
WOrk at Once and the nrrairUnt n.;4
daily visits to the capitol to see, as he
put it, "that things are kept moving."
They were kept moving rapidly, but
not aiiogeiner to tne liking ol the
ptcaiucni, in tne nouse, wnicn, on rn
day, passed ontv the eiirht-hnur hill
providing for the investigation The
senate interstate commerce commit
tee first drafted tentative hills
ing tne president s whole program,
but eventually abandoned all of it and
suDsmutea me nouse measure.
Fight Against Odds.'
The bill was oassed In the ni
louowini determined enorta uv sen
ator Newlands- chairman of the in
terstate commerce committee: Sen.
ator Underwood of Alabama, and sev.
erai other senators to amend it. The
democratic senators mentioned in
sisted that con Kress should nrovide.
as President Wilson had urged, some
measure to prevent such a crisis ever
arising again. They declared congress
was snowing tne wmte leather, that
u was airain to go turiner ' man
merely to prevent the ' threatened
catastrophe of the moment. They
proposed mat tne interstate com
merce commission should be given
authority in the future to fix wages
and hours of service of railroad em
ployes, thus forever taking the ques
tion of labor disputes out of the
strike danger zone. They fought
vainly to the last against pverwheim-
The negotiations in which the
agencies of the federal government
were used to avert the strike began
nearly a month ago, when it became
apparent that the railroads and the
thainmen could not agree among
themselves, and the United States
Board of Mediation and Conciliation
undertook to adjust the dif
ferences. , Several days of medi
ation by members of the ' board
ended without a solution of the
problem and the situation narrowed
down to a point where the railroads
were willing to arbitrate some of the
men's demands, but the employes
were not. Then came the invitation,
three weeks ago, to both sides to
come to Washington for conferences
with the president . ..
Come to Capital
The four brotherhood chiefs and
the twenty-four chairmen of the prin
cipal local organisations, as veil as
the conference committee of railway
managers, which were handling the
Questions in issue, came here the next
ay. They were unable to agree on a
basis of settlement and after several
discussions at the White House the
summons was sent out for the 640
representatives of the trainmen's or
ganisations, who were in New York
awaiting the outcome of the negotia
tions, and the presidents of some
leading railroads, to come to Wash
More than twenty railroad execu
tives answered the call and at his
first meeting with them President
Wilson suggested as a basis of settle
ment, the acceptance of the principle
ot the eight-hour day by the railroads,
with pay at present rates for ten
hours' work and that, other ques
tions, such as overtime pay- be left
to an investigating commission. He
put forward also the idea that the
railroads might be recompensed for
the additional financial burden by an
increase m freight rates. i .
Little Progress for Days.
This proposal was accepted by the,
employes, but the railroad executives,
holding out for arbitration, took it
under advisement and the negotia
tions made but little progress for
several days. In the meantime, the
president summoned to Washington
about forty ,more executive heads of
railroada, and when the matter
reached its final, stages, there were
more than sixty in Washington.
The railroad executives considered
the president's plan of settlement for
a week and then notified him they
could not consider endorsement of
the eight-hour day with ten hours'
pay. They offered a counter sug
gestion that a question of wages such
as they considered this to be, should
be arbitrated and that pending a de
cision by an arbitration board, the
railroads would keep a fund uader
supervision of the Interstate Com
merce commission, to' pay the in
creased wage cost if the decision
went against them and the eight-hour
day was approved. , j ,
The men would not agree to this
and sent out their strike call. Then
the president put the case-in the
hand of congress.
Ripley of Santa Fe, However,
Is Sorry Question Not
Come to a Test.
LAW WILL BE ATTACKED
Chicago,' Sept. 3. From Chicago
tonight went .telegrams to every di
vision point on western railroads in
forming both railway officials and
trainmen that the strike is off.
general attitude of relief was ex
pressed by minor railway officials
President E. P. Ripley of the Atchi
son, Topeka and Santa Fe railway
said, however, that he was aorry the
question had not come to a critical
"I am sorrv it has been called off,
Mr Ripley said. "The Adamson bill
doesn't become effective until Janu
ary 1. Between now and then we can
decide what to do." --, ,
Law Will Be Tested.
Mr. Ripley was asked if his rail
road planned an immediate test of
I can t say just when we will do
anything," he replied, "but the law
surely will be tested.
Charles H. Markham, president of
the Illinois Central, said tonight he
expects a conference of attorneys for
an or tne Dig railroads win be called
soon to discuss action on the Adam
This conference probably will de
termine our course ot action, he
Action ts Planned. . f, '
New York, Sept. 3. Action to lift
freight embargoes imposed when the
nation-wide railway controversy as
sumed a threatening aspect was ex
pected to be taken within a few hours
by the New York Central, Delaware
Lackawanna Be Western, l.ehisrh Va
fey and other lines with general of
fices in this city, it was announced to
night by railroad officials, after they
nad received word that the strike or
der had been cancelled by the brother,
hoods' officials in Washington.
Planes Exchange ;
For the First Time
San Diego, Cat.,' Sept. J. What is
declared to be an important advance
in the field of radio telegraphy was
accomplished here today when a wire,
less message was sent from one aero
plane in flight to another.
Captain C. C. Culver, attached to
the United States signal corps tram
ing school at North Island as aero.
nautical radio expert, in an armv ma
chine piloted by Lieutenant Herbert
uargue received the message which
was transmitted a distance of several
miles by Lieutenant W. A- Robertson,
who was in another machine guided
by, A. U. brnith. ahe message, which
read "National aviation field sets new
world record, was received dis
tinctly by Captain Culver. : '
According to Captain Culver, this is
the first time on record in this coun
try and perhaps in the world that a
wireless message has been received
by one aeroplane from another.
' Manr rwpw Beat Bjaew. '
A alnraiah liver causae an awful 1st ot
mlaerr to keep It active nee Dr. Xtr.l'a New
Ufa Pills. Only tie. All druiilaU. Adv.
Women at Camp Find
Marching Hard Work
Lake Geneva. Wie.. Sent. J. The
women of the Second National Serv
ice School encampment found march
ing hard work yesterday. It took the
soidierettes , one nour to timsn a
three-mile hike. Several of them, in
cluding Mrs. Edward F. Swift. Mrs.
Tracy Drake, and Mrs. Henry Hunt
ington, Chicago society women, drop
ped out ot me ranks to rest.
E0B SICK WOMEN
The Woman. Medicine Has
Preyed Its Worth.
When Lydle E. Pinkham's remedial
were first totroduoad, their curative
powers were doubted and had to be
proved. But ins prooi came, ana grad
ually the use of them spread over the
whole country. Now that hundreds of
thousands of women hava ex pert need,
the most beneficial effects from the use
of thee medicines, their value ha be
come generally recognised, and Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound is
the standard medicine for women. ,
' The following letter le only one of
the thousands on file In the Pinkhsm
office, at Lynn, Mass., proving; that
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound la sa article of peat merit as
shown by tbe results It protract -Anamosa,
Iowe. - " When I began tak
ing Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound I suffered with a displacement,
and my system was in general run
down condition. I would have the head
ache for a week and my back would
ache so bad when 1 would bend down I
could hardly straighten up. My sister
was sick In bed for two months and
doctored, but did not get any relief.
She saw an advertisement of your md-
dne and tried It and got better. She-
told me what It had done for her, and
when I had taken only two bottles of
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound my head began to feel better. I
-continued its rue and now I don't hava
any of those troubles." Mrs. L. J.
H ann an, k.f.D. 1, Anamosa, Iowa,
FOR THE INFORMATION
OF THE PUBLIC:
The Railroads 9 statement of their post'
tionon the threatened strike, as presented
to the President of the United States
A strike on all the railroads of the country has been called by the Train
Brotherhoods for 7 o'clock Monday morning, September 4.
This strike was ordered from Washington while the President of the'
United States was making every effort to avert the disaster.
The Final Railroad Proposd
, ' The final proposal made by the railroads for a peaceful settlement of the con
troversy, but which was rejected by the brotherhoods, was as follows:
(a) The railroads will, effective September i, 1916,
keep the time of all men represented in this movement,
. upon an S hourbssjs and by separate account, monthly,
with each man, maintain a record of the difference
between the money actually earned by him on the
present basis and the amount that would have been
earned upon an 8 hour basis overtime on each basis, ,
to be computed pro rata.
The amounts so shown will be subject to the
decision of the Commission, provided for in Paragraph
(c) of this memorandum and payable in money, as
may be directed by said Commission in its findings and
(b) The Interstate Commerce Commission to
supervise the keeping of these accounts and report the
increased cost of the 8 hour basis, after such period of
actual experience as their Judgment approves or the
President may fix, not, however, less than three
months. ' - t
" (c) In view of the far-reaching consequences of the
declaration made by the President, accepting the
t hour day, not only upon the railroads and ths classes
of labor involved directly in this controversy, but te
the public and upon all industry, it seems plain that
before the existing conditions are changed, the whole
subject in ao far as it affect the railroada and their
employee, should be investigated and determined by
a Commission to be appointed by the President, of
. such standing as to compel attention and respect to
. its findings. The judgment of such a Commission
would be a helpful basis for adjustments with labor
and such legislation as intelligent public opinion, sa 1
informed, might demand.
Statement of Executives to the President
In submitting this proposal to the President, the fifty railroad executives called to
Washington and representing all the great arteries of traffic, made this statement to
him of their convictions:
The demands in this controversy have not been
presented, in our judgment, for the purpose of fixing a
definite daily period of labor, nor a reduction in the
existing hours of labor or change in methods of opera
tion, bat for the real purpose of accomplishing an
increase in wages of approximately One Hundred
Million Dollars per annum, or 3 5 per cent, for the men
in railroad freight train and yard service represented
oy tne laoor organisations in tnis matter.: . ' '.''.; . j
After careful examination of the facts and patient
and continuous consultation with the Conference
Committee of Managers, and among ourselves,' we
hava reached a clear understanding of the magnitude
of the questions, and of the serious consequences to
the railroads and to the public, involved in the decision
efthem. '.Y V'-'"'-"' :;. s
- Trustees for the Public
As trustees for the public served by our lines and
for the great mass of the less powerful employees (not
' less than So per cent, of the whole number) interested
in the railroad wage fund as trustees also for the
millions of people that have invested their savings and
capital in the bonds and stock of these properties,
and who through the saving banks, trust companies .
and insurance companies, are vitally interested to the
extent of millions of dollars, in the integrity and .
solvency of the railroads of the country, we cannot in
conscience surrender without a hearing-, the principle
involved, nor undertake to transfer the enormous cost
that will result to the transportation of the commerce
of the country. ... " '. " .
The eight-hour day without punitive overtime
in vol res an annual increase, approximately, in the
. aggregate of Sixty Millions of Dollars, and an increase
of mora than to per cent, in the pay of the men,
already the most highly paid in the transportation
, The ultimate cost to the railroads of an admission '
in this manner of the principle under contention
cannot now be estimated; - the' effect upon the em-
ciency of . the transportation of the country now
already under severe test under the tide of business
new moving, and at a time when more, instead of less,
effort is required for the public welfare, would be
harmful beyond calculation. x
The widespread effect upon the industries of ths
country as a whole is beyond measure or appraise
, ment at this time, and we agree with the insistent and
widespread public concern over the gravity of the
situation and the consequences of a surrender by the
' railroads In this emergency 1 1 ! ,
' ' . ; In like manner we are deeply impressed with'the
sense of our responsibility to maintain and keep open
the arteries of transportation, which carry the life
blood of the commerce of the country, and of the
consequences that will flow from even temporary
interruption of service over the railroads, but the
issues presented have been raised above and beyond
the social and monetary questions involved, and
the responsibility for the consequences that may
arise will rest upon those that provoke it. -
Public Investigation Urged
The questions involved are in our respectful judg
' ment, eminently suitable for the calm investigation
and decision by the public through the agency tf fair
arbitration, and cannot be disposed of, to the public -satisfaction,
in any other manner. - v .
The decision of a Commission or Board of Arbi
tration, having the public confidence, will be accepted
by the public, and the social and financial rearrange-
menta made necessary thereby will be undertaken by
the public, but in no less deliberate nor orderly
- manner -
1 The railroads of the country cannot under present
conditions assume this enormous increase in their
expenses. If imposed upon them, it would Involve
many in early financial embarrassment and bank
ruptcy and imperil the power ef all to maintain
their credit and die integrity of their secitritiea.
: Tbe immediate increase in cost, followed by other
increases that would be inevitable, would substan-
tially appropriate the present purchasing power of
.' the railroads and disable them from expanding and
improving their facilities and equipment, to keep
abreast of the demands of the country for efficient
transportation service. ' .
' In good faith we have worked continuously and earnestly in a sincere effort to
solve the problem in justice to all the parties at interest. These efforts were still
in progress when the issuance of the strike order showed them to be unavailing.
Problem Threatens Democracy Itself
The strike, if it comes, will be forced upon the country by the best paid
class of laborers in the world, at a time when the country has the greatest need
for transportation efficiency. l '
.. The problem presented is not that alone of the railroad or business world,
but involving democracy itself, and sharply presents the question whether any
group of citizens should be allowed to possess the power to imperil the life
of the country by conspiring to block the arteries of commerce.
HALR HOLDEN, '
Ckioa, Barliajtoa 4 Qaiaay Rtilroad.
W. W. ATTBRBURY,
. Psaurlvaaii Rsilrotd. ' ( '
FAIRFAX HARRISON, '
R. S. LOVBTT,
Uaioa Paoii Systwa j
S. P. RIPLEY,
AtafaisM, Tepaka Scat f Irstsa.
A. H. SMITH.
Ntw York Cmtral Llau.
, Ckaeaomka t OUa Railway,
, Baltiaara aad Okie Railma,
Own your Own home. . You can purchase one onN
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