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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 1, 1916)
ing Rail Strike Will Be Rushed
Look around Omaha at the
firms that advertise. They
are the ones that have grown
from little concerns to great
big ones. 7
The Omaha Daily Bee
VOL. XLVI NO. 70.
OMAHA, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 1, 1916 TEN PAGES.
On Train., at Hottlt,
Newt Standi, tc fro.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
GREECE SOON TO
DRAW SWORD IN
THE GREAT WAR
King Constantine Will Receive
the . French, Russian and
British Ministers Very
Athens Dispatch Says Policy of
Neutrality Will Be Soon
OFFICERS ARE RECALLED
Athens, Greece, Wednesday, Aug.
30. (Via London, Aug. 31.) Rapid
developments in the diplomatic situa
tion here today make it apptar that
within forty-eight hours Greece will
have abandoned the policy of neu
trality in the war.
King Constantine will receive the
French minister tomorrow (Thurs
day) and the Russian and British
ministers shortly afterward. -
All staff officers on leave have been
recalled for active service.
The foregoing dispatch was filed
in Athens at noon yesterday and in
dicates that up to that time nothing
had been heard there of the report
sent to London by the official British
press representative in Greece that
the king had fled from Athens. This
report was contained in a ' dispatch
sent from Saloniki on Tuesday morn
FIGHTING ' IN MACEDONIA
Fifteen Thousand Bulgarians Re
ported Killed and Wounded.
London, Aug. 31. The fighting is
very severe all along the Macedo
nian front, says an Athens dispatch
to the Wireless Press, which adds
that the Bulgarian regiments suf
fered a severe check: at the hands of
the Serbians on the entente left and
that the Bulgarian losses are esti
mated at 15,000.
The Bulgarian regiments, says the
dispatch, attacked the Serbians in
close formation after the German
style, near Lorovitz, and suffered se
verely. ? They were compelled to ask
for i reinforcements from Valbankeni
The Serbians appear to be masters
of the situation at Gomichevo, says
the Athens correspondent, and Bul
garian officers of Roumanian origin
who deserted said the Bulgarians
called Gomichevo "another Verdun."
Men if They Strike
Places Will Be Lost
The Burlington railway issued a
statement last night giving Warning
to the trainmen that if they walked
out Monday their places would be
lost The statement follows:.:- -
Chicago, 111., Auff. -31, 1916 To All Em
ployes: W are notlfleil that the Brother
hood of Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood
of Locomotive Firemen and Engineers,
Order of Railway Conductors and the
Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen have
directed the employes of this company to
m Tiki at 6 a. m., central time, September
14, me. To the extent that this order is
rarried out It will automatically throw out
of employment many persons connected with
this company In there on In other classes of
service. It Is, therefore, important that a
full understanding of the conditions be eet
forth at the outset. You are, therefore,
First:, All persons employed by this com
pany falling to respond to call for duty
win thereby terminate their employment
with this company
Second! Men remaining In the service of
this company will be properly protected In.
iuch service during the period of the strike
and In the retention of their positions and
seniority rights after normal conditions are
Third: New men taken In by the com
pany will be retained so long as their serv
ices are satisfactory,
H. E. BTRAM,
Santa Fe Lifts Its -
TO An n TJnvioliolxloci
Topeka, Kan., Aug. 31. The em
bargo on perishables was lifted by the
Santa Fe tonight, according to an an
nouncement at the general offices.
The road will accept freight, paid
in advance, at owner's risk; live stock
shipments are excepted.
Johnson on Nomination
Estes Park, Colo., Aug.31. Charles
' E. Hughes today sent to Governjr
Hiram W. Johnson of California a
telegram congratulating him on his
nomination for the United States sen
ate and expressing best wishes and
hope for his election.
for Omaha, Council Bluffi and Vicinity
Probably unsettled tonight, Friday fair; no
Importaot change In temperature.
5 a. m . . . .' .66
6 a. m . . . 66
7 a. m 65
8 a. m. . 65
9 a. m 66
10 a. m 65
11a. m . 66
12 m 67
1 p. m -i. 68
2 o. m. -1 68
Local V rather Record.
11S. Jl. 1914. 1(13.
l,oVt laat night.... tb 4a s ?n
Precipitation ,2 - .00 .86 .00
h. A. WELSH.
NEW CHIEF GREEK STAFF
I " I
I I .
General Constantine Moschopoulos,
commander of the Greek troops in
the Salonica district, who has just
been appointed chief of staff to suc
ceed General Deusmanis, a pro-German,
who has been granted an indefi
nite leave of absence, is stronly pro
ally. His appointment, according to
experts on Balkan diplomacy, means
that Greece is about ready to take
the field against the central powers.
FAIRBANKS ON THE
Republican Candidate for Vice
President Reviews the
WHAT 0. 0. P, PROPOSES
Indianapolis, Ind., Aug., ,'31.-r
Charles Warren Fairbanks, was noti
fied formally this afternoon that he
had bSen nominated for the ; vice
presidency by the republican party.
United -States Senator Lawrence Y.
Sherman of Illinois delivered the ad
dress and Mr. Fairbanks made reply,
accepting the nomination and discuss
ing the issues of the campaign. .
Republican leaders from different
parts of the country attended the
ceremonies, which were held on the
lawn at Mr. Fairbanks' home.'
Mr. Fairbank's Statement.
Mr. Fairbanks said in part: '
"I am deeply sensible of the high
honor of the commission which you
bring me. To be chosen as the can
didate of the republican party for the
vice presidency of the United States
is a distinction which any patriotic
American may well covet. I accept
the nomination and pledge yoif my
utmost service during the campaign.
If the people ratify the choice of the
convention I shall consecrate my best
efforts in the discharge of my official
functions. As you are aware, this is
a call which was unsolicited by me;
that fact intensifies my sense of duty
to those in behalf of whom you
speak. ' ;'
"The platform adopted by the Chi
cago convention has my hearty ap
proval. Carried into the public ad
ministration and written . into the
statutes, it will insure indusrial and
national prosperity during the years
of our ascendancy. I
Free Trade or Protection.
"What protection and free trade
mean we know from our actual ex
perience; they are not in the domain
of the academic. :
"The present free trade, or tariff
for revenue law, which democracy re
gards with such high favor, has work
ed indefinite damage. This law, which
is to be maintained it democracy
triumphs, must stand or fall not by
what democratic conventions say of
it, but by what it has said for itself
under normal trade conditions. Even
before it was approved by Mr. Wil-
son, who took pride in the executive
act, business began to furl its sails.
The coming storm was apparent and
prudence took possesssion of our peo
ple. The certainty" of the new law
spread fear among us. Our compe
titors in Europe and in the Orient
were filled with joy. ' Commercial
travelers from England, France, Ger
many and elsewhere were put. upon
the road in the United States and
promptly began writing orders. The
slowing down process began with a
wrench. The workingmen, who were
the first to feel the blighting effects
of the reversal of our great economic
policy, began to lose their jobs; fac
tories we're closed; trains were taken
off our railway schedules; thousands
of idle cars accumulated upon the side
tracks; mines were closed; the work
ers in our charities eceived increas
ing appeals from the unfortunate vic
tims of the. free trade policy. That
democracy was again in power was
made evident throughout the repub
lic. Effect of Underwood Tariff.
"So strong was the pressure of the
unemployed that the administration
was obliged to organize for the pur
pose of securing them work and
wages. This seemed like mockery.
To close the field of labor's oppor
tunity and rob them by the thousands
of their chance for wage, and then to
organize search for work among
those who were holding fast to what
(Cantlnuetl Oa Page Versa, Colirma Jlvg,)
No Strike if4ght-Hour
Brothrod Chiefs Agree to Stop if Given this Point;
Congress Speeds Up to Put Measure Through on lime
RAILWAY MEN SAY
THEY HAVEN'T AUY
ORDERS TO GO OUT
Conductors, Engineers, Firev
men and Brakemen Run- '
ning Into Omaha Deny
Any Direot Orders.
ONLY READ IN THE PAPERS
Northwestern Engineer Says
He Thinks It is Nothing But
' a "Lot of Talk."
MEN ARE NOT WORRIED
No orders for a strike of railway
men have as yet been issued to in
dividual engineers, conductors, fire
men and brakemen running in and out
of Omaha, according to a survey made
by The Bee yesterday,
Numerous of the men working in
these varipus capacities were ques
tioned in the railroad yards on their
engines, in their Pullmans and on the
steps of their cars during the fore
noon. , ". ' ,
The engineer c a Northwestern
train which just pulled in from Sioux
City was sitting in his cab, quietly
scrawling off some kind of a report in
a little book and making a carbon
"I think it's a lot of talk," he said,
when-questioned about the situation.
"I haven't got any orders in regard
to a strike. I haven't heard aching
about it officially. No order has been
issued to me, and I'm running an en
gine her all the time. I think I'd
know about it at soon as anybody. v
f : Want Direct Orders.
' Though the men would not be
quoted on the matter, they gave the
general impression that they cannot
feel justified in striking merely on
what they have read of the orders in
newspapers, but must have orders di
rect from the headquarters of their
various local orders and brotherhoods
under whose jurisdiction they come.
In the conductors' room of the Bur
lington station a- dozen conductors
wen playing cards and plugging lit
tle iron pegs in the cribbage board.
"Have you fellows any, definite or
der to strike on Labor day?" they
"None whatever," was the reply.
"We have nothing except what we
saw in the papers. We have received
no orders personally at all."
And the cards were dealt again
and again the little iron pegs were
plugged into the cribbage "hoard.
No Orders to Strike.
A Union Pacific "brakeman just
mounting a coach for a run to North
Platte said, "I don't know a thing
about it. We haven't any orders for
A Union Pacific conductor just
after hopping off a train at the Union
station said, "I don't know whether
the order has gone out or not. I1
haven t got any order.
Charles Bogue of North Platte,
chairman of the Brotherhood of Rail
way Trainmen for the Union Pacific,
is registered at the Carlton hotel, but
refuses to be seen by newspaper men.
Two other officials of the orders
and brotherhoods on the Union Pa
cific line occupy adjoining rooms and.
all are in conference almost constant
ly, but refuse to grant audience to
Charles H. Friday, chairman of the
general committee of adjustment of
the Order of Railway Conductors of
the Union Pacific lines, is among
those registered at the Carlton hotel.
Telephone .calls to his room bring
the answer that he is not in.
Cotton Crop Report is
; Lowest August on Record
New York, Aug. 31. The govern
ment crop report, indicating a condi
tion ot bi. per cent, or the lowest on
record for August 25. and a lint cron
of 1 1,800,000 bales, was followed by a
violent advance in the cotton market
today. December contracts sold up
to 16.10c or about $1.80 a bale above
yesterday's closing price.
: ' HERE YOU ARE!
v $10 IN CASH PRIZES ,
Just tell us '
Which is the best advertisement
in The Bee next Sunday
$5.00 to first best answer and $1.00 each to five next best.
WHAT YOU MUST DO-Look th paper over carefully, pick out the ad of some
Omaha retail merchant, send it in with a statement of not over 300 words, giving the ,
reason why it strikes you as the best for its purpose.
; ' Addresst Contest Editor, The Omahat Bee
' 'VU. Answsrs must b fas fcy September S Awards tha following Sunday.
Latest Strike tyew$
Brotherhood officials will call
off strike if eight-hour day law
passed, which, President Wilson
and congressional leaden plan,
will be done today.
Railroad officials lining up
forces preparatory to a strike
Trainmen lay they have not re
ceived strike order.
Embargo placed on live stock
Brotherhood leaders conferring
President Wilson appeals to
brotherhood chiefs to delay strike
until congress, hat time to act on
legislation he has proposed.
Grand Chief Garretson and
President Samuel Gompers of the
American Federation of Labor ad
dressed the senate committee on
interstate commerce in opposition
to the proposed compulsory inves
Railroads centering at Chicago
are arranging to pool their re
sources to keep traffic moving.
RAIL LINES ARE
Presidents of Roads Centering
at Chicago Arranging to
Hire Strike Breakers.
WILL POOL ALL RESOURCES
Chicago, Aug. 31. While the
statement of W. G. Lee, president of
the Order of Railway Trainmen, that
passage of President Wilson's eight
hour day bill would be regarded as
satisfactory adjustment of the strike
situation was regarded as important
by ' railroad men here, preparations
against a strike . on Monday pro
ceeded without abatement. ' ' '?'
Embargoes covered freight : ship
ments on practically, every mile of
main track in the country and presi
dents of railroads in Chicago met at
the Chicago club to discuss their
problems. It was said they would
hire new men through a general com
mittee and would co-operate to run
trains where most needed.
The wheat market, which broke
extreme 4;i cents on the Pennsyl
vania road's embargo yesterday,
opened without important recessions
today. The Chicago Grain Receivers'
association notified country shippers
to withhold shipments for the pres
ent. Live Stock Prices Higher.
The live stock embargo was re
flected in an advance in prices of
live stock at the Union stock yards
today. Hogs advanced 25 cents, cat
tle 10 to 20 cents and sheep 20 to 40
cents higher than yesterday'! aver
age. Practically none of the railroad
heads shared in the optimism ex
pressed in some quarters in Wash
ington that passage of the eight
hour bill by congress would avert a
strike, and according to E. P. Rip
ley, president of the Atchison, To
peka & Santf. Fe, spokesman for
the patty of railroad presidents, who
returned from Washington yesterday,
the railroads will proceed on the as
sumption that the strike will come
on Labor day.
Embargo on All Trunk Lines.
Embargoes begin today on every
trunk line in the country. The em
bargoes, according to present plans,
will become effective in the follow
Effective at the close of business tomor
row an embargo on all shipments of ex
ploflveo and Inflammable of every kind.
Effective a't the clone of buxlneaa tomor
row an embarro on all ohlpmenta of perish
able freight, including llvo atock, dressed
beef, live and dreeaed poultry, fresh, frulta
Effective at the close of business Saturday
an embargo on all frotght of all kinds
from all Joints to all destinations.
The railroads willl not carry on the
fight single handed, but according to
tentative plans will pool thejr re
sources.' Strike-breakers, it is understood,
will be hired not by individual roads,
but by a central committee of all the
roads and distributed where they are
most vitally needed. If one road
succeeds in moving trains while the
tracks of another are stalled, the
successful road will end a helping
hand to the road in distress.
EFFORT TO DELAY .
President May Appeal Direot
to Members of Unions to
Wait Until Congress
MAKES , TRIP TO CAPITOL
House Leaden Announce That
Eight-Hour Measure Will
Be Passed Friday.
MAILS MUST BE MOVED
Washington, Aug. 31. Congress
put all other affairs aside today and
devoted itself to enacting President
Wilson's legislative program to avert
the railroad strike.
But the president, overlooking no
possible means to prevent the threat
ened public calamity, did not depend
on congress alone and continued un
ceasingly his efforts to get the broth
erhood heads to postpone their strike
Just before noon the president went
to the capitol and, conferring with
the leaders, urged them on to the
need ot speed to get the bills through
the legislative machinery of house
and senate before Saturday night.
Then, returning to the White
House, he called the four brother
hood heads before him for another
appeal to delay their strike, while
congress, by law,, provides what the
railroads have refused.
: May Appeal to Rank ind File.
: Although the brotherhood leaders
reiterated that only a "favorable set
tlement" could delay the strike, and
that they were powerless to postpone
it, one of them admitted he believed
the rank and file of the men, in view
of the efforts being made in con
gress, would vote to delay if1 there
was time for them to express their
Back of it all President Wilson
was holding another card a direct
appeal to the rank and file of the rail
road men to realize that congress is
about to give them what they ask and
to stay to tneir posts.
The president was still determined
today to do this, if necessary, but
was hopeful that it would not be.
, House Agrees on Bill.
While the ' senate interstate com
merce committee was hearing the rail
road heads and the brotherhood lead
ers the house managers got into ac
tion and agreed on a bill, introduced
by Representative Adamson, and ap
proved by President Wilson, provid
ing the eight-hour day, pro rata pay
for overtime and a commission to in
vestigate the nw conditions. They
planned to rush it through while the
senate was working. Ituid not in
clude the compulsory investigation
features of the president's program,
but there were indications that he
would be satisfied with enough to
prevent the men from striking and
take up the remainder later.
Meanwhile employers and men had
a public hearing on the president's
legislative program before the senate
interstate commerce committee. The
men opposed the compulsory inves
tigation feature and the employers
the eight-hour day.
-After the conference between the
president and the brotherhood lead
ers it is said at the White House that
the employes "had given no assur
ances of any kind."
Senate Leadera Accept Bill.
Later formal announcement was
made that the president and the sen
ate and the house leaders had agreed
on the Adamson bill as a comf misc
bill. It makes violation of its provi
sions a misdemeanor, punishable by
from $100 to $1,000 fine, or not ex
ceeding one year imprisonment, or
both. The labor leaders insisted on
having a penalty attached. A special
rule will bring the bill up for direct
action by the house. It would make
the eight-hour day effective Decem
RAILWAY DISPUTE IN THE
SENATE As chairman of the In
terstate Commarce committs,
Senator Francis Nawlands of Ne
vada, heads any movamsnt in the
senate toward putting through
legislation to avoid railroad strike.
' SEivaa rsMKii Vcwunds.
8-HODR LAW WON'T
Oppose Pending Bill in Con
, gresa, But Will Take No
STATEMENT BY H0LDEN
Chicago, Aug. 31. Hale Molden,
president of the Chicago, Burlington
& Quincy railroad, who was spokes
man for the railway magnates at
their recent conferences with the
president, declared tonight that paa
sage of the Adamson compromise
eight-hour bill by congress would
not be satisfactory to the railroads
and would not settle the pending con'
"The railroads would take no pre
cipitate action in event the bll was
passed," said Mr. Holden. "We
would not be hasty because we would
consider 'the interests of the public
No Power to Fix .Wages.
"It is my understanding that the
supreme court of the United States
has held recently, in two- cases, that
the congress of the United States
has absolutely no power to fix wages.
That is what the Adamson bill
amounts to, according to my under
Presidents of Chicago railroads
met at the Chicago club this after
noon. Hale Holden, president of the
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, who
headed the committee which con-
fcrred with President Wilson, was
present, as was J. W. Higgins, chair
man of the Association oi Western
Railways. A brief statement issued
after the meeting said:
"Methods of dealing with the con
ditions which will be created if the
strike comes were discussed, but no
definite and final plans were
Similar meetings will be held daily
until the situation has cleared.
Advertise for Breakers.
T he railroads of the country coiti'
pleted embargo preparationi.' Em-
nloyes were advised to take soDer
second thought as to the future be
fore striking, and advertisements for
strikebreakers appeared in news
paperst hroughout the country. As
sociated Press dispatches showed
that everywhere communities were
organizing motor trucks and inter-
urban lines tor emergency transpor
Wellfare Board Finds New
'Disease in Garages
but not excited, over "petronitis,
said to be a disease which affects
workers in garages. . According to
reports of an investigator of the
board, this malady prevails to a con
siderable extent in Omaha.
The explanation is offered that
gasoline not readily released creates
a poisonous gas which strikes at the
vitals of victims and does not always
show effects until after a period of
time, this varying according to the
constitution of the worker.
Express Companies Are
Enjoined in South Dakota
Sioux City, la., Aug. 31. Federal
Judge Henry T. Reed has issued a
temporary iiucnocurury injunction
restraininc: the exDress companies
operating in South Dakota from put
ting into eltect on September is a
new schedule of rates to take, the
place of the tariffs declared discrim
inatory by the Interstate Commerce
LAW TO SATISFY
Measure Approved by Wilson
and House Leaders, and it
Is Planned to Pass it .
IS INTRODUCED AT ONCE
Trainmen Officials Agree to
Accept it as Basis for
: Calling Off Strike. '
PROVISIONS OF THE BILL
Washington, Aug. 31. Railroad
brotherhood ' officials, Iste today.
through A. B. Oarretson, agreed to
accept as a basis for calling off the
strike the Adamson compromise eight
hour bill, already approved by Presi
dent Wilson and house leaders. The
measure was introduced immediately
by Representative Adamson with a
view to have it passed. md approved
by the senate tomorrow.
' Washington, Aug. 31. In spite of
the fact that the brotherhood leaders
gave no- assurance to President. Wil
son, it is certain that the strike would
be called off immediately if congress
passed the eight-hour law, which will
be taken up in the house tomorrow.
The brotherhood leaders are reluct
ant to take steps to cancel the strike
order until congress has acted. . ,
, The president told the 'leaders he
was doing everything possible to have
congress legislate to meet the situa
tion and that, it was, their duty as
American citizens to postpone or can
cel the strike order pending its ac
tion.' Uses Strong Language.
The president was said to have used
some "strong language" in talking to
the labor leaders. ., ." r '. ,
President Wilson plans to. spend
practically all of tomorrow forenoon
at the capitol in constant touch with
the legislative situation. Tomorrow's
cabinet meeting has been cancelled to
allow him to give his entire attention
to the efforts to avert the strike.
The Adamson bill would provide
for an eight-hour day at the present
ten-hour day pay, effective next De
cember 1. Employes would be given
the pro rata rate for overtime. A
commission of three, to be appointed
by the president, woul report to him
and congress in not less than six nor
more than nine months the effect of
the eight-hour day. Expenses would
be paid by a federal appropriation o(
'n. . r. j
determined ' to introduce a similar
measure in the senate tomorrow for
immediate action. It will be finally
drafted by the senate interstate com
merce committee tonight.
Senate Meets at 10.
It was agreed that .the senate
should meet at 10 o'clock tomorrow
morning to begin consideration of the
oui. rresioent Wilson win be in his
office at the capitol at the time.
uaaers agreed upon a rule provid
ing for a vote on the bill in the house
not later than 4:30 p. m. tomorrow. ,
Freight Rate Bill Later.
The portions of the president's
recommendations providing for a bill
similar to the Canadian industrial dis
putes act, for making arbitral awards
court records and tor empowering the
Interstate Commerce commisson to
grant freight rate increases are to be
taken up separately.
Majority Leader Kitchin, who also
conferred with the president, said he
thought the egiht-hour bill, with some
modification, could be put through
the house before Saturday night
without encouraging serious opposi
: tk. u t : . :.i
nun iiuui i'iv , cjjuuinan siuc.
Mr. Kitchin directed that the house
eight-hour bill should be carefully re
vised and submitted to the brother
hoods for approval and assurances
that it satisfies them , before it is
passed. ;,,' . . '
It is an even chance
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