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ilson Appeals Railway Issue to Congress
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The Omaha Daily
VOL. XL VI. NO. 68.
OMAHA. WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 30, 1916 TWELVE PAGES. ?!SwT,StII5iiif
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
HAVE BEEN BEATEN
Troopsvof Kic.T Ferdinand Re
ported to Have Been De
feated in First Brush
With Foe. ,
Executive Would Draft Brotherhoods Into U. S. Service:
Ajl'w$tiations for Settlement of Trouble at an End;
fAresident Requests Congress to Interpose Legislation
COMMANDING BRITISH ARMY ON THE SOMME One
of the most distinguished officers commanding General
Haig's British forces now fighting furiously along the Somme
river, is Brigadier General Henry Rawlinson, mentioned in
some of the recent dispatches from the front.
TRY PASS- MOUNTAINS
Zurich Dispatch Says Troops
Enter at Point West" of
ATTACKS IN MOUNTAINS
Berlin, Aug. 29. (Via London)
Reports were received here today that
the Roumanians have been defeated
in their first efforts to force a way
through three mountain passes into
The junction of Russian and RoA
manian forces n ithe Carpathians is
indicated in the official announce
ment from the war office today, which
says fighting has occurred with Rus-
Zurich, Aug. 29. (Via "Paris.)
Roumanian troops, which have been
concentrated at Jassy, near the Rus
sian frontier, entered Transylvania
at a point to the west of Fiatra and,
according to information received
here, are reported to have joined
forces with Russian forces coming
' Attack Mountain Passes.
London, Aug. 29. Desperate'fight
ing on the border between Roumania
and Hungary is reported in an Ex
change Telegram dispatch from
Berne, Switzerland. The Roumanians,
the message says, are making furious
efforts to capture the important
Berlin, Aug. 29. (Via London.)
Military writers in reviewing the sit
uation created by Roumania's entry
into the war, generally agree the new
combatant will be able to throw 400,
000 effectives into the field. They es
timate it has ammunition sufficient
for not more than, four or five weeks,
except for arrangements which may
have been made for bringing in large
additional amounts through Russia;
:s Military commentators, agree . as to
the absolute necessity of Carrying the
war Into the country of Germany's
new enemy by means ot swift move
ments again the-Roumanian flanks.
In event of swift and successful in
vasion, Roumania's vast stores of
grain and rich oil wells would be ac
cessible to the central powers.
Indications are that the difficult na
ture of the ground along the banks
of t,he Danube and on the Hungarian
mountain border will localize the first
clashes. The general strategic situa
tion makes it possible for the troops
of the central powers to assume the
defensive with thin lines, leaving
larger masses free to attempt invasion
at the selected points.
. German Armies
On Defensive, Says,
Paris War Office
Paris, Aug. 29. On the Verdun
front last night French troops made
progress near Thiaumont work, the
war office announced today. German
attacks in the vicinity of Fleury and
Vaux fort were repulsed.
"On the Somme, as at .Verdun, we
are leading in the offensive and dom
inating the adversary," says an offi
cial note reviewing last week's opera
tions on the Frenc' front. "There
is not a point in the general theater
of operations where the enemy is not
actually reduced to the defensive,"
continues the note. "Actions which
we l ave undertaken continue despite
the resistance or reaction of the
For Nebraska Fair; warmer.
Temperature la Omaha Yetterday.
6 a. m ,
Locl W (wither Boeord.
11. 1I1S. 1114. Ills.
llil-hett yssterdfty 86 . 64 64 SK
Low-rtst yesterday 60 61 60 66
Ifun temperature. . . , 73 66 73 74
Veclplnulon ..........06 .00 T ,00
Temperature and precipitation departure
uoiu ui normal at umtm alnce March 1,
-n.l compared with the past two yeara:
. .'I'ltiai teTtiperature : , 73
r-ui rxrten atnt-e March 1.. 260
.v.rn iti precipitation 0.11 inch
I'tfflrk-iicy for the day 6.05 Inch
Toul rainfall alnce March 1.. 11.41 Inchea
Ij-rtclem-y alnco March 1 10.80 Inchea
KfenB for cor. period nt 1916 0.46 Inch
Uedclrncy for cor period, 1114.. 6.61 tnchea
Heporta From Weather SUtlona ftt 7 P. H.
station and Btatea Temp- High. Rain-
of Weather. 7 p. m
Cheyenne, cloudy 70 76.
uavenport, cloudy 74 82
" " ! 8 , 82
rr S ft. m 63
taSSirv 10 ft. m 64
Jt 11 ft. m 66
Jfirf I .1?E:::::::::R
'js t "4 - s p. m 82
4 p. m 86
iS2: ? I: S::-:::::::;::B
Denver, rain.. 74 62 T
Dea Moltics, clear 86 .00
DoUge City, clear 61 60 .00
Lander, cloudy 64 74 T
Nurth Platte, cloudy... 76 ' 10 .00
umaha, clear 77 6& .06
Pueblo, cloudy 80 66 .00
Kapld City, part cloudy 66 78 .00
Halt Lake, PL cloudy., 78 60 ..00
Mama P, rain 60 76 .02
Hhertdan, pt, cloudy... 76 14 .00
Sloua City, cloudy 76 86 .00
Valentlr,, cloudy 72 76 T
"T" Indicate trace of nraclpltatlon.
L. A. WELSH, Matarologlil.
'l-l.EN. SIR HENRY RAWLlSOH , , Mnt Mm reyCM.
ACTIVE WORK IN
Reports Coming to State Head
quarters at Lincoln Are
POLL BOOKS ARE SENT OUT
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
Lincoln, Aug. , 29. (Special.) Poll
books are being sent out by the state
republican committee to county chair
men and these are expected to be
placed with the precinct committee at
once and the work of checking up
begun and pushed as rapidly as pas
sible. . Victor Seymour, in charge of the
campaign of John L. Kennedy for the
united states senate, called at head
quarters today. Mr. Seymour has
been out in the state, and said that
everything was looking good for the
whole republican ticket. The cam
paign of Mr. Kennedy is bringing re
sults, and he appears to be a strong
candidate, even in communities where
Senator Hitchcock has been con
sidered strong heretofore.
M. A. Brown of the Kearney Hub
was also a caller at headquarters to
day. Mr. and Mrs. Brown have been
visiting in the southeastern portion of
the state and Mr. Brown reported to
Chairman Beach that everything was
favorable wherever he had been.
Valley in Good Shape.
Senator M.. L. Fries of Arcadia
dropped in on headquarters for a lit
tle confab. The senator says that Val
ley county will show republican gains
all along the line and it is his opinion
that Nebraska will get back in the
republican column, where it naturally
belongs, this fall.
Major Craig of the speakers' bu
reau is getting his arrangements made
for the speaking dates of those who
have offered their services to the com
mittee. Robert W. Devoe, republican
candidate for attorney eeneral. will
make an address at a big rally at Fair
bury next hriday, given by the
Hughes and Fairbanks club. There is
a great demand for speakers, and
major iraig nopes to be able to sup
ply all demands a little later.
S. C. Johns, manager of the pub
licity bureau of the reaublican head
quarters, will have double duties to
pertorm, having been appointed by
Victor Rosewater, president of the
Republican Editorial association, to
be secretary of that organization. The
active membership of the association
now numbers 117 editors of republi
can newspapers, ine orhcers arc:
Victor Rosewater, Omaha Bee, pres
ident; Will O. Jones, Lincoln State
Journal, vice president; C. C. Johns,
Grand Island, secretary; A. K. Buech
ler, Grand Island Independent, treas
urer, and the executive committee
consists of J. H. Sweet, Press, Ne
braska City; Vac Buresh, Pokrok
Zapadau, Omaha; N. A. Huse, News,
Norfolk; Clark Perkins, Republican,
Aurora; Adam Breede, Tribune, Hast
ings, and W. W. Haskell, Quiz, Ord.
Warner Opens Campaign.
V. P. Warner, republican candi
date for congress in the Third dis
trict, will open the campaign for the
committee next Friday at a picnic
at Meadaw Grove.
George W. Marsh of University
Place, candidate for state auditor on
the republican ticket, has not as yet
attempted to enter very vigorously
into the campaign, due to the long ill
ness and death of Mrs. Marjh. He
expects soon to enter actively into
Come On In! $10.00
ROADS ISSUE LIVE
Lines Announce Ban on Per
ishable Freight as Result of
NOT ON THE UNION PACIFIC
. Chicago, Aug., 29. A general em
bargo on live stock and all perishable
freight which would not reach its des
tination by September 2 was declared
tonight by several trunk lines and will
be declared within the next few days
by practically all the remaining lines,
according to an official of the Chi
cago, Burlington & Quincy railroad.
The Burlington's embargo applies to
freight received on any of its lines or
Santa Fe Embargo.
Los Angeles; Cal., Aug. 29. An em
bargo against the acceptance of per
ishable freight and live stock ship
ments for points east, effective to
morrow, was announced late today at
the offices of the Santa Fe railway.
AU to Take Like Action.
Washington, Aug. 29. Railroad
managers heresaid that all lines prob
ably would take action similar to that
of the Santa Fe to protect themselves
in case of a strike, but hat no con
certed action had been agreed upon
and each road would adopt its own
New Haven Issues Order.
New York, Aug. 29. The New
York, New Haven & Hartford rail
road company announced tonight that
because of the impending railroad
strike it will refuse hereafter all ship
ments of freight which cannot be de
livered before 7 a. m. on September 4.
Southern Pacific Orders.
San Francisco, Aug. 29. The fol
lowing instructions were telegraphed
by the headquarters of the Southern
Pacific company tonight to all divi
"Please instruct all passenger and
ticket agents by wire at once to notify
passengers unless they can reach their
destinations by Sunday night, Sep
tember 3, they may be subject to per
"(Signed.) CHAS. S. FEE.
"Passenger Traffic Manager." I
Similar instructions regarding !
freight were expected to follow.
Barred on Katy.
Dallas. Tex., Aug. 29. General of
fices of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas
railroad here announced today an em
bargo on all perishable freight effec
tive tomorrow morning. The order
states no live stock will be accepted
for shipment unless it reaches its des
tination by Sunday morning.
Officials of the Union Pacific de
clared yesterday evening that as yft
no action had been taken in the mat
ter of an embargo cn perishable
freight. They hinted, however, that
the situation, in case of a strike, would
not be as stringent here as on the !
eastern lines, which were reported as
having declared a general 'embargo
on live stock and all perishable freight
which would not reach its destination
by September 2.
OMAHA IS READY
TO FACE STRIKE
OF RAILROAD MEN
Would Not Suffer for Want of
Something to Eat There
is Plenty of Meat and
WATER FOR FOUR MONTHS
Electric Lights for Several
' Weeks and Street Cars
For Three Weeks.
PEOPLE LAYING IN CQAL
Omaha need have little tear of star
vation in case of a railroad strike, be
cause there is plenty of meat right at
hand and there is also over 2,000,000
bushels of wheat stored in Omaha
elevators which could not be hauled
away in case of a strike. There is
enough coal at the water works plant
to pump water for five months and
the light plant and street cars could
be run for several weeks.
Omaha would be in darkness so far
at electric lights are concerned after
five or six weeks of railroad strike,
on account of the lack of coal to fur
nish power." That is the length of
time the Omaha Electric Light &
Power company's present supply of
steam coal would last according to
General George H. Harries, president
of the company Of course, he says
I the plai . could burn other soft coals
in case of emergency and granting
that the supply of other coals were
not consumed by that time in other
Three Weeks for Street Cars.
The street railway company has
enough coal to run about two or three
weeks, according to Assistant Gen
eral Manager Leussler. "I-have put
in a call to Kansas City this morning,"
said Mr. Leussler, "to send ns all the
coal they have to spare there, so we I
may be better fixed still in a few days, j
In regard to other supplies we are
all right, for we carry a large stock of I
all kinds of supplies in our store room.
But when the coal is exhausted,
Four Months for Water.
The Metropolitan Water District of
Omaha has a supply of coal that
would last four months, it was said at
the office this morning. Assurance
was given that there would be no
shortage of water supply due to the
strike for that length of time at least.
The water department purchased
2,000 tons this month.
City Well Supplied With Coal.
While the coal supply in the city
is not sufficient to carry over during
the winter in the event the railroads
should be tied up by strike, it is
greater than it has ever been before at
this season of the year.
During the last month, in anticipa
tion of the possibilities of a strke, the
dealers have been layng in extra large
supples of coal and thousands of con
sumers who previously have been
buying in ton lots, as the immediate
needs became apparent, have laid in
their winter stocks. Then, too, the
railroads are- urging dealers to buy
and get stocks in as early as possible.
As a result, since a couple ot weeks
ago, the roads have been giving coal
trains the right of way on the west
bound freight business. The lines op
erating out of the Illinois, Iowa, Kan
sas and Oklahoma coat fields have
been swamped with business, handling
enormous quantities of coal daily.
Victor White of the Victor White
Coa1 company says: "The future of
the coal business is very uncertain.
Coal dealers don't know what is like
ly to happen in their line or business
from one dav to another. Thev are
greatly worred over the coal situation,
owing to labor troubles and other
conditions, such as car shortage at the
Coal is arriving, but Mr. White says
he can get no guarantee regarding the
delivery of coal in the future, and
knows no more about the future of
the business in Omaha, than the
smallest dealer. He has just returned
from Philadelphia and the coal men
at the mines tell him that this state
of affairs has been brought about by
labor and other conditions.
"The problem that confronts the
coal dealer this year," he says, "is not
how to sell coal but how to get coal.
1 here is a good sized supply of an-1
thracite coal on hand at the base of I
supply at the present time, but when
this is exhausted, there is no telling
where more will conic from if any
Plenty of Meat.
The meat supply in Omaha might
not grow really serious for a verv
long time, according to those in touch
with the situation. "There is enough
local stuff fn the county and surround
ing territory," said General Manager
Howe of the Armour Packing com
pany, "that could be brought to the
yards in wagons to supply Omaha
with meat indefinitely. The territory
tributary to Omaha could sustain it-
K'ODtlnuad on Fase Two, Column Six.)
in Cash Prizes! Particulars Soon!
Railroad Strike Situation
K summary of developments in the strike situation follows:
Negotiations between railroads and brotherhoods through President
Wilson definitely broken off.
Brotherhood leaders definitely ordered the strike to begin at 7 a. m.
Labor day unless the order is countermanded, and declared that only
settlement favorable to the men could change it.
President Wilson went before congress in joint session at 2:30 yes
terday afternoon with proposals for new laws to prevent the strike,
An outline of the proposals is as follows:
Increase of the Interstate Commerce commission from seven to nine
An eight-hour law for railroad employes.
To empower the Federal Board of Mediation to investigate opera,
tion of an eight-hour day.
To empower the Interstate Commerce commission to consider the
eight-hour day in connection with making rates,
A measure similar to the Canadian industrial disputes act for an in
vestigation of all disputes between railroads and its employes.
A measure empowering the president to operate trains with the
primary object of providing the American troops on the Mexican bor
der with food.
The brotherhood leaders favor the eight-hour day features, but
oppose the proposal to adopt the Canadian plan.
ESTIMATE OF NUMBER
STRIKE WILL EFFECT
Omaha Railroad Officials, With
Exception of Union Pacific,
Give Out Figures.
ABOUT 3,000 MEN HERE
Omaha Men Affected.
Illinois Central 80
Great Western 120
Rock Island 250
Missouri Pacific 350
Union Pacific 700
While the exact figures are-not ob
tainable, it is believed that if the
trainmen Should obey the order to
strike, something like J.000 men
working in the local terminals and
running in and out of Omaha would
be affected. In a general way all of
the railroads, with the exception of
the Union Pacific, have given their
estimates of the number of employes
who might be affected.
Refuse to Give Out Figures.
The Union Pacific refuses to give
any figures or make any estimate of
the number of men who might, or
might not strike, General Manager
"To give any estimate would be
a presumption that the men are go
ing to strike. I do not believe they
are and do not care to speak of the
number who would be affected by
the strike order."
Men, however, who are in touch
with the situation estimate that if
the strike is not settled prior to
Labor Day, the Union Pacific train
men will go out with the men of the
other roads and that there will be
about 700 of them who work in and
out of Omaha, and are employed at
and around the terminals.
The reference to the men hereto
fore mentioned, inclueds those of the
train crews, together with the en
gineers and firemen and switchmen
working in the yards here, in South
Omaha, on the Belt line and in Coun
Local railroad officials are taking
a rather optomistic iew of the situa
tion, contending that when the strike
order is received by the men a large
number of them will fail to obey it
and instead ot doing so, will remain
loyal to the companies and continue
on their trains. The officials assert
that this rule will maintain particu
larly with the olHcr men and those
who have been in the employ of the
companies for a long time.
is Held at Peoria
Peoria, III., Aug. 29. Impressive
ceremonies attended the burial here
today of John Lancaster Spalding,
archbishop of Scupholis, noted edu
cator and author, who died last Fri
day. Services were held in St. Mary's
cathedral, where the prelate presided
many years' as bishop of Peoria,
The funeral oration immediately
following mass was delivered by the
Most Rev. George W. Mutidelin, D.
D., archbishop of Chicago.
Hollowing absolution the body, es
corted by uniformed Riiards repre
senting Catholic societies of the city,
was taken to a temporary vault, pend
ing the construction of a permanent
memorial chapel planned by Arch
bishop Spalding before his death.
Declare Williams Man
Who Attacked Women
Robert Williams, colored, who was
arrested yesterday morning by Of
ficer Asquith, has been identified as
the man who several weeks ago at
tacked several colored women near
a vacant lot at Twentieth and Paul.
RAIL HEADS REJECT
Statement Which Presents Ar
gument flbr Arbitration
ISSUE UP TO CONGRESS
Washington, Aug. 29. Direct ne
gotiations between the railroad execu
tives and employes through President
Wilson were practically closed today
when the executives refused to accede
to a proposal made to them yesterday
by Mr. Wilson, and presented to him
a statement of their, position contain
ing another argument for arbitration.
. fhe statement nresented to Pri.
dent Wilson, by the committee of
eignt aenies tne. judgment of society
favors an eight-fibuf day and declares
that arbitration is the Only proper
way of settling industrial disputes.
The suggestion of Presidsnt Wil
son for a proposal including the prin
ciple of the eight-hour day, but post
poning its effectiveness for a year
pending investigation was rejected
by the railroad executives at the con
ference this morning.
The action of the railroad presi
dents taken in connection with the
Strike order of the employes left
President Wilson no alternative but
to go to congress in a final effort to
avert the strike by legislation.
Text of Statement
This statement to the public was
issued by the committee of railway
"We are unable after the most
earnest consideration to agree with
the proposal of the president of the
United States, which is that we ac
cept without arbitration 'the substitu
ion of an eight-hour day for the pres
ent ten-hour day in all of the existing
practices and agreements.' This is
the main point in controversy and we
cannot surrender it without an op
portunity to be heard in some form
of fair arbitration.
"We do not assent to the statement
that 'the eight-hour day now undoubt
edly has the sanction of the judgment
of society in its favor.' We believe
that society has not yet recorded its
judgment upon' this subject.
'We are not in this controversy,
however, dealing with the conditions
relating to the eight-hour day in the
industrial world. The difference be
tween the eight-hour day in business
and manufacturing interests and in
the railroad train service day has
been fully explained. The railroad
day is a basis for computing pay and
overtime, the length of daily service
being controlled by variable condi
tions. More Pay is Real Issue.
"The demands involved in this con
troversy have not been presented, in
our judgment, fof the purpose of fix
ing a definite daily period of labor
nor a reduction in the existing hours
,of labor, or change in methods of
operation, but for the real purpose of
accepting an increase of wages ap
proximating $100,000,000 per annum,
or 35 per cent for the men in railroad
freight train and yard service, repre
sented by the labor organizations in
"After careful examination of the
facts and patient and continuous con
sultation with the conference com
mittee and managers and among our
selves we have reached a clear un
derstanding of the magnitude of the
questions and the consequence to the
railroads and to the public involved
in a decision of them.
"As trustees for the public served
by our lines and for the great mass
of the less powerful employes (not
less than SO per cent of the whole
number) interested in the railroad
wage fund as trustees also for the
millions of people that have invested
their savings and capital in the bonds
and stocks of these proporties and
who through the saving hanks, trust
companies and insurance companies
are vitally interested to the extent
U'ontlmiAd on l'niro Two, Column Knur.)
RAIL STRIKE UP
Wilson Places Situation Before
Two Houses, Addressing
Joint Session of Both
EFFORTS - AT MEDIATION
Executive Asks Authority to
Operate Railroads in Case
' of Necessity.
FAVORS EIGHT-HOUR DAY
Washington, D. C, Aug. 29. t
President Wilson laid the - railway
strike situation before congress this
afternoon in an address to both
houses assembled in joint session. v
The president told congress of his
efforts to bring the railroad mana
gers and the men into some sort of
agreement, and saying he was pow
erless to do more, he asked congress
Pomting out the distress and hard
ships which a nation-wide strike
would bring upon the country, the
president asked congress to empower
him to draft into the service of the
United States the very managers and
men who have been unable to adjust
their differences so that the govern
ment may operate the railroads in
case of military necessity. He pro-,
posed that congress first enlarge the
membership of the Interstate Com
merce commission, to equip it to deal
with larger situations; second, that
an eight-hour day be established for
all trainmen in interstate commerce;
third, that a commission investigate
the effect of the eight-hour day;
fourth, that the Interstate Commerce '
commission consider the increased
cost of the eight-hour day in making
rates, arid, fifth, amend the media
tion law to prevent strikes or lock-',
outs while industrial disputes are be
ing investigated. The sixth propo
sal was that the president be em
powered to operate the railways in
case of military necessity. How these
recommendations are to be carried
out President Wilson left entirely, in
the hands of congress.
The president was greeted with up
roarious cheers as he entered. He
began speaking at 2:33 o'clock.
Speaking slowly and distinctly, he.
outlined the situation confronting the
country from the failure of the nego
tiations. There was a tense silence in
the chamber as he began. - -
Applause greeted the : president's
declaration that he regarded it as a
"practical certainty" that the railroads
would be "ultimately obliged to ac
cept the eight-hour day by the con
certed action of organized labor,
backed by the favorable judgment of
Text of Address.
President Wilson laid the threat
ened railway strike before congress
I he president said:
"Gentlemen of the Congress: I
have come to you to seek your as
sistance in dealing with a very grave
situation which has arisen out of the
demand of the employes of the rail
roads engaged in freight train service
that they be granted an eight-hour '
worKing oay, saieguaraea oy me pay-
ment of one hour and a half of serv-
ice for every hour of work beypnd N
The matter has been agitated for:
more than a year. The public has '
been made familiar with the demands
of the men and the arguments urged
in favor of them, and even more fa-,
miliar with the objections of the rail
roads and their counter-demand that
certain privileges now enjoyed by
their men and certain bases of pay
ment worked out through many years
of contest be reconsidered, especially
in their relation to the adoption of an
eight-hour day. The matter came up
some three weeks ago, to a final issue, '
and resulted in a complete deadlock1
between the parties. The means pro
vided by law for mediation of the con-
(t:cntlnud on fog Two, Column Oh.)
It's a comforting
thought to many busi
ness men to know that:
Bee "Help Wanted" -Ads
will supply them
with new employes if j"
the need arises. ' ;
Call Tyler 1000 . .'
for Bee Want-Ads.
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