Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 16, 1916, Page 4, Image 4

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    THE BEE: OMAHA, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 16, 1916.
i Sbl!0y 'Notes : 'Personal Gossip .'Woman's Work '.Household Topics
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HOTELS AND RESORTS.
THE PLAZA
f ' NEW YORK
World's FUMM Hotel
'OppapM Central Park
f it 59tb Street
i.Ucet a All Theatres end
SUMMER
and Oufehrft Tfrae.
Cool and Refreshing Place to
Dine
FRED STERftf. Mafjki. Director
ROOMS WITH BATH 3J0 UP '
Vestgate Hotel
: , . .4 ! fiMot0if , ;,:.a,
Oa Mate WlTawtra at lintti
Kansas City, Mo.
Boom 'Jrrs looms
at frx t
$fj 7 i L $2L
Elliy j fll J EwiT
"Mi 111 1 Boon
PrhattlLpflEoilslile
Bath Lj ExposDte
Abtoluttly Flfproof
JAMES KETNER
Bayfield Inn
Bayfield. Wisconsin '
- Coot and comfortable. Immunity from
hay favcr and reaplmtory troublee. Flak
tng In Lake Superior; trout atreama at
mland lakea. Writ for fofematioa.
SCHOOLS AND COLLGEl
FOREST PARK!
nonn, rum.
Nordetroal - Carter.
Voloa. atta mar. Be-
lor and Junior Colin. Piepereiytr ii .P"1
erliool. CerUfloate adaitla to Wolleitar. Ml-
1, .-1.1 .H a..,. iinlWUUM. XlDTM-
eton. Violin. Art, Oronaalum, Dom.eMenoe. Bible,
rUDIW 0OBOW, HI1.M.
ANNA I. CAIRNS.
St- Loula,
)om. Science. Bible.
COLLEGE
DeMeritta Military School
Jackoea Sprtm N. C.
An open, air oehool for young (or,
. 10 to 14. Proparee for College, -iho
Scientific School!, Wnl Point, Anjs- ;
lit and Buomooe.
EDWIN DB MERITTE. Principal,
S1I Boyleta Strut, Boo too. Mom.
St. Martha's School !
KMxvttla. Mllwrt. pott QlRLt fraa, l to It.
AmiLfcud Mtta Sc Mtvir'a fteboot Family not
ttd u twenty-lira, a cbool of omzttaed atudy
and play. Mooera fl reproof bMH4.nj. liaiaa
acraa truiooor pievwouria,
All braaolua uraaa aiitUA trade, alio fttwtnc.
Cooklag, wlmmlna. Mo. Plaat, Anlaial and
niro lira ooaanM in uwr natural aumuoainia,
ate. FlaaL Anlaial
their aetiiral auiroiindl
liowttaaat aavaataaao la truth, iarmaa. Draw
taa, ataila (eelly haaaaa). Oaaatoa, eta. Na u
trao aiaeef eeta. Tern apaaa aaptaaibat 14. fee
''Kaaoala at work and alar" adaraaa
HIU IN MA MASK HOWARD '
Maataal aad Paaadar.
LOVE 'KERCHIEFS
FOR PLACE CARDS
Novel Idea Carried Out by
Hostess at Luncheon at
.. Field Club.
T. H Fonda.
MIhoo
Harriot Fonda.
Haatoro
Jamoa Fonda.
1 VARIOUS PASTEL TINTS
By MELLIFICIA August IS.
Love handkerchiefs for place cards
was the charming and original fea
ture of the little luncheon given by
Mrs. Franklin A. Shotwell at the Field
club today for Miss Margaret Frailty
of Fort Madison, la., who ii visiting
Mrs. H. Yu Cook at the Colonial dur
ing this month,- You see, the latest
fashion in' 'kerchiefs for milady de
mands that she shall possess dainty
embroidered linen squares ' which
come in delicate boxes bearing this in
scription, (please blame memory if
this verse is incorrect)
A wee little 'kerchiet is inside this
case,
I hope you will find it quite to. your
taste.
At each place the luncheon hostess
placed one of the cases in the pastel
shades, pink, blue, lavender and so on,
so that each guest carried home with
her a pretty memento of the occasion.
At Happy Hollow. '
Mrs. James H. Morton entertained
at luncheon and the matinee dansant
today for her 'niece, Miss Dorothy
Morton. Glass baskets tied with
bows of white tulle and filled with
golden glow and sprays of white
flowers were used on the tables. Cov
ers were laid for:
"iHstoss.'" ' '' ' Mlawa "' -Marsarot
Wllllama. Mary Fullor,
Holen Poarco, Clartoo Brown,
laarffarotha Olimmol, Roulah Clarko.
Mri. Charloo W. Morton.
Dinner reservations have been made
at Happy Hollow this evening by Mr.
and Mrs. G. W. Updike for six guests
and by Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Dawson.
For the Thursday luncheon Mrs.
George F, Gilmore has a reservation
for a party of twelve and Mrs. F. J.
Jumper for nine.
. Mrs. Robert Cowell entertained five
guests at luncheon at the club today
and Mrs. T. E. Sanders had a party
of six. ' . '
Mrs. A. VV. Carpenter gave- a danc
ing party for thirty-four guests for
her daughters, Ruth and Gertrude.
Mrs. Draper Smith entertained
fourteen at the matinee dance for her
granddaughters, Elizabeth, Marguer
ite and Susan. . s
Mrs. X H. Fonda gave a party for
her granddaughter, Virginia. Five
of Mist "Virginia's friends with their
mothers -were invited. '
Moadatnoa Moadamo---W.'
B. Pol, 1 W; B. Fonda, ' ' '
like anOpenBook
JForYoundMothoS!
Most women look
upon becoming a
mother, for the first
tlffle. as something
rail of unknown
mysteries; agony
and pain; a time of
dlatresslns! days and
months. These are misguided con
clusions. "Mother's Friend," used
Mara aanflnement. will TJTOTS
Us gres,t Tain as an allay to those
distressing pains ana assure nature id
doing lta work with ease and comfort
Get "Mother's Friend" at your drag
gist. '":' - " -
The young mother should become
acquainted with the Information con
tained In a book on Motherhood that
will be mailed free to all who write.
Address' . . .,!-!'
The Bradfleld Xegnlatw Co.,
Ill Lamar Bldg..
Atlanta. Oa.
SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES.
STATE NORMAL SCHOOL
AT MARYVIIXE, MISSOURI.
The standard State Teachers' College of Northwest Missouri.
Usual courses for training of teachers, with customary diplomas and
: degrees. Training in Agriculture, Home Economics and Manual
Training. Opens September 12, 1916. Write for bulletins. .
. h IRA RICHARDSON, PrwfaUnt. -
THE KEARNEY MILITARY ACADEMY
KEARNEY, NEBRASKA. TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR.
AIMr To provide thorooin nmtal, moral and hteal trminine at tho
. lowoat torma oonallttnt with alBoUnt work. For hart front
- ' to IS. Chanoal I860.0S.
LOCATION t Two mtlea from Kaarnor, In tho PlatU Tailor.
EQUliPMENTt SS noroa of land. Four buUdlnaa. Ormnaalnna, awlmmms
v pool. StparatS lowor lehool bvildlne.
FACULTY ' Colleso smdnataa? wtth buaineaa axporlfneo.
COURSES! , Colloso preparatory! oomraorctal law and bnilnwt mathodi;
r manual trainlnsi maehanloai drawing agriralMr and animal
' huibandrr.
ATHLETICS l -Football, knatbaU. baakotboil, track, tannin, awhnmtnf,
ealiatnanwa.
CATALOOUEl , Addroaa Harry Roborta Drummond, Hoadtnaitor.
'EFFICIENCY IS THE TEST OF EDUCATION."
L-ORETTOCOLLEGE
WIBSTEE QB0V2S. ST. LOUTS. HO.
: W.hStf SIi,ASD -l f m?.?f F0R YOUNO LADIES AND OtRLSX in
HmZZllirV hro''0t with tho boat and moot modarn aanltarr Ira'
,U oqulnpod with tho latoot aehool appllanooo. Woll furulahad
. IndlTlduaj room, and dormltorloo. Location conrMlant and Idoal.
nr., Vh 5yr.T" " "o Collasa. tho Aoadomle and tho Pro-
. fol?ri-ZSjJ?.ilU.'i.K cJur" 'o.rou.d In tho Collasa Dapartmant,
wKH f rTOotlralr to tho doarm of A. B., B a. and B. L. Four yoara oi
f-f?-. h,f1.rork '' "o atudont for Coll.,. Courov laadlni tTtho;;
i,,,h.',Hlhh rtctoo! worn "M" Dopartmant flu tS. ...dont
Tho STpaolal Oouroao (Won arc thoaa of Hualo, Art, Oral Biprowloa. tho
' lE!!I?lrBJ?'"i d th, coramorelai ICourVV mT cS-
KU.J",,l0.J",r ooumoa In Piano, Violin, Harp, Pino Ortan, Voloa.
iak?hr!KIl!! dlrootlon of tho SUrtora of Lorotto of Ktn-
S'.fr,wli' " orsanlaad on Wadnaoday, Boptombor llth, ltli.
..V.'""',"?1 r thorouth. roilnod oduonthM amid hooJth
nl and Inaplrlnc aurround nan. For ChtaJona addroaa.
MOTlllSR BPEKIOR LorvttoCoUcw Depi IX "
"wr aaavnn, EM. UOIS, JSO.
r-j r
em
B. B. Carrlffaa.
Mlaaoa
Virginia Fonda,
Martha Dor,
Maatara
Charloa Don.
Bugona Carrlgnn,
At the Field Club.
Among the Sunday evening pa
trons at the Field club were Mr. and
Mrs. T. P. Redmond and family, Mr.
and Mrs. A. H. Fetters and family,
Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Montgomery, Mr.
and Mrs. F. P. Loomis, Mr. and Mrs.
Blaine Young, Mr. and Mrs. O. W.
Dunn, Mr. Vic Smiley, with a party
of five guests, and Mr. C. E. Hunter,
with a party of six.
Forty young people had reserva
tions at the Sunday evening supper
at the Field club.
Mrs. Simeon Jones gave a luncheon
for six at the club today. Mrs. W.
H. Head and Mrs. H. A. VVahs had
foursomes. Mrs. Nelson had eight
guests. Mrs. O. W. John had three
guests.
Luncheon for Visitor.
Miss Verla Jones entertained the
Delta Delta Delta sorority at lunch
eon at her home today for her cousin,
Miss Jessamine Jones of Madison,
Wis., who arrived Monday for a two
weeks' visit ia Omaha. Miss Jessa
mine Jones expects to enter Welles
ley college in the fall. Covers were
i.Tj I
mm iui.
Mfaooo Mlaaoa
Joaaamlna Jonoa of Ruby Jonoa,
Madtaon, Wla. Lillian Johnaan,
Qartruda Sturm of Ruth Wollor,.
Nahawka, Oraoa Olboon,
Bornlce Thomaa, Viola Muldoon.
Ruth Walah,
In a Garden of Germs
mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmammmaselmam ii.ii i ianraaaaan-anawn-i
taaaaaaaaaaeBrsaa
At the Country Club.
Dr. R. S. Anglin has a reservation
for four a-uests at the Wednesday eve
ning dinner-dance at the Cquntry
club.
On the Calendar.
Mr. and Mrs. Harry White wilt en
tertain from 2 to 5 on Wednesday In
honor of their son, Bernard's, fifth
birthday.
Kensington and Breakfast.
Mrs. Arthur F. Mullen entertained
at a kensimton and breakfast this
morning for Mrs. J. H. Maloney of
Clinton, la. i . ,
Luncheon at Fontenelle.
. Miss! Ethel Magney entertained at
luncheon at the Fontenelle today for
Miss Helen Masten ot Kansas City
and Miss Ruth Purcell of Hampton,
la., who are the guests of Miss Flor
ence Jenks and Miss Louise Bailey.
Mrs. L.-A. Magney chaperoned the
party. ; . - - ....
Notes of Interest
Miss Margaret Andersen left Sun
day for Quill Lake, Saskatchewan,
Canada, wncre one win uc niarncu uu
August 1$ to Mr. James Nicol. .
Sandstedt-Rau Wedding.
Miss Matilda Rau and Mr. Wilmer
Sandstedt were quietly married Sat
urday afternoon at the Kountze
Memorial church by Rev, O. D.
Baltzly. They were attended by
Miss Lillie Lehman and Mr. Alfred
Sandstedt. They left immediately
for a rip in Colorado. , : -;
In and Out of the Bee Hive.
Miss Mildred Tolander will leave
Thursday for an extended trip to De
troit and other points.
Gretchen McConnell returned
Tuesday morning from an extended
trip through the east.
Mrs. R. G. Watson and daughter,
Bess, and Mrs, J. R. Elder, left Tues
day morning for an extended trip in
Colorado.
Miss Mabel Delbridge and Miss
Mary Ammons leave Wednesday for
Colorado. They expect to stop spme
time at the. Columbine Inn in Estes
Park..
On 'Saturday last, Mr.' and Mrs.
W. A. Gordon and daughter, ac
companied by Mr. and Mrs. E. F.
Magaret and children, motored to
Lake Washington, Minn., on a two
weeks' fishing trip.
United States Public Health
Service Asks, Do You
Think dog mutating cruel and
then marvel at the spread of ra
bies? Carefully select your brand of
liquor and then feeed your chil
dren unpasteurized milk?
Repeat the Golden Rule and then
sneeze in somebody's face?
Go camping for your health and
then place your toilet so that it
drains into your water supply?
riTS rifii-JiTii 1
You fat eradlt at eaah artcaa. Taha
alfht montho tlnaa to pay, t email
amouata woakly or asonthly, aa oaa
vaalaat
&'
17 S Diamond
Ring, 14k a olid
J old, Loftla "Par
ostlon" ttti
'mounting .... t-w
II a Wank. .
TOO Man'g Ring,
Flat Bolcher. half
ongrmved, 14k aolld
Bold, fine tAC
iamond
. SdJOaMeath :
17 JEWEL ELGIN WATCH
$12.75
No. IS Mon'o
Wateh, Slain.
W altham
or H amp
dan moTo
ment, , In
t-y in
ueren
tood don
Me strnU
old filled
onoo. Only
$12.75
MONTH HP
Open dally Mil Ian, Saturday till SlSO
CaU or Write for Catalog No. 003.
Phono Dwuglaa 1444 and Oar Saleamam
Will CaU With Artklea You Dealre.
TH MTl.Ml
CIEUT JlwtUM
4t S. ISm SU Omoka
OFTIS
butos&cairsY
The yellow coccus, a microbe com
mon in the air; to the right, the ray
fungus which produces a cattle dis
ease, to which man is also subject
By GARRETT P. SERVISS.
Since man . has discovered some of
his most dangerous enemies as well
as some of his most useful friends in
the world of bacterial life, a new kind
of menagerie has been devised a
"germ garden," a bacterial laboratory
or a museum of living microbes.
To call such sn institution a me
nagerie ia a concession to popular
usage, since these microscopic organ
isms are not animals, as many per
sons suppose, but plants, or at least
they much more nearly resemble
plants than animals, and bacteriology
is regarded as a branch of botanical
science.
The germ garden In the American
Museum of Natural History is, per
haps, the most important now in the
world. Vienna, as Dr. C. E. A. Win
slow tells us, once had the most valu
able existing collection of this kind
under the care of Dr. Krai, but today
it is not as complete as it was a few
years ago, while the American insti
tution has been forging to the front.
It is a little startling at first to be
told that in the great museum building
on the western border of Central
park there are kept alive and lively
multitudes of bacteria capable, if they
could reach their victims, of spreading
death broadcast among human beings.
But there is not the slightest cause
for fear, because all these germs are
inclosed in rows of test tubes and
within the concrete walls of a closet,
from which there is no possibility of
escape, and it is perfectly safe for
any curious person to go and look
at them, under the vigilant supervi
sion of scientific guardians.
There may be seen, if you use a
powerful microscope, the terrrible ty
phoid bacillus, so small that Dr. Win
slow says 400,000,000 would be re
quired to equal size of a single grain
of granulated sugar, There are also an
Hints for
Housewives
Duelers and floor moos should be
washed often.
All f.lt mmA trr ranninn
should be strictly fresh.
Vm.t9h1a arf heat bouffht fresh as
they are wanted.
Fwrv' cellar should be whitewashed
at least once a year.
Pnner ahould not be used in a larder
it is too absorbent.
r.ntr1nimia ara for more inviting
served with ice in them.
A mnnrlrn ntata acraoer ia verv use
ful when washing dishes.
"When in drtliht take a bath." it a
good rule for hot weather.
Lime juice In the lemonade is a
pleasant change on a hot day.
Sweet potatoes can be made into
soup exactly as white ones are.
ltuM anv n1i! vearetahle ran he
utilised to make a delicious salad.
An aoole nut in the tin box with
the cake will keep the cake moist
Tananeaa towelins makes orettv
cushions for window seats and chairs.
Iced tea is a great resource in hot
weather, but it ahould not be made too
strong.
To wirjc the book shelves with oil
of cedar is said to keep the books
from moulding.
When the scalp is covered with
dandruff, be sure to disinfect the
brush after using.
On ironing day, keep an old folded
sheet handy, to lay under garments
with buttons,' etc
A white background is always best
where there is much mahogany furniture.
A cement made of white lead and
boiled linseed oil will stop a leak in
a gas pipe permanently.
The water in which chicken, fresh
tongue or mutton has been boiled, can
be put Into the stock pot.
Graniteware can be kept in good
condition if it is boiled in soda water
for five or ten minutes twice a week.
Currants are not usually liked in
their raw state, but try mixing a few
with raspberries or other fresh fruit.
Never try to eat too little in hot
weather it is simply weakening ana
depressing. But food should be well
chosen.
A big, new tin oil can with the tin
top cut off and replaced by a wooden
cover makes an excellent camp re
frigerator if sunk nearly to the top
in the ground.
Keep a little clump of mint and a
few roots of horse radish growing in
some damp spot, then you will always
have material for mint sauce and
horseradish seasoning.
Spray the rose bushes with ' soap
suds once a week. This will keep
them free from insects. After, spray
ing the soao suds on. go back in about
an hour and spray with clean water.
Wash the floor mop in the follow
ing way: Put the mop in a pan of
hot water in which has, been put two
tablespoonfuls of lye. Let the mop
remain in the water, where it will
keep hot for three or four hours, then
rinse it in two or three clean waters
aud put it in the sun to dry. v
Germ of anthrax in a drop of blood,
In susceptible enimals these germs in
crease enormously and choke the ca
pillaries. exhibition the bacillus of diphtehria,
the bacillus of whopping cough, the
bacillus of cholera, the bacillus of
meningitis, the bacillus of leprosy, the
bacillus of influenza, the bacillus of
pneumonia, the supposed bacillus of
typhus and, most interesting in some
ways of all, the original strain of the"
bacillus of tuberculosis, discovered by
Dr. Koch.
Besides these there are some 700
other kinds of bacteria, many of
which produce plant diseases. But the
bubonic plague bacillus has been shut
out, because of accidents that have
occurred with it elsewhere.
It is a notion very hard to dissipate
that all bacteria are breeders of dis
ease. The fact is that very many are
not only perfectly harmless, but ex
ceedingly useful in the world. Many
useful kinds can be seen in the mu
seumfi among them being the Bulga
rian buttermilk bacillus and the bacilli
that mix nitrogen in the soil and aid
the growth of plants.
The fecundity of bacilli is amazing.
Some kinds will, by division and
?;rowth, produce countless millions
rom a single germ, in a few days, a
few hours, or sometimes in twenty
minutes I It is by their numbers that
The pink water bacillus, to the left
the nitrogen-fixing bacterium, which
grows in soil and assimilates atmos
pheric nitrogen for higher plants.
they conquer, and by their incredible
swiftness of multiplication. Think of
fighting an army which from one-survivor
can, in half an hour, reproduce
millions I It recalls the legend of the
dragon which grew seven new heads
for every one that was cut off. It is
no wonder that some people, when
they were informed of the nature and
multitudinousness of the enemy that
caused their sickness, were more
alarmed than before.
The purpose of the collection at the
Natural History museum is to furnish
opportunities for students of biology
and medicine to study the living
germs, since dead ones have no im
portance. There doctors may see the
enemies that they are to combat, and
become acquainted with their appear
ance and their manner of action. Most
of the germs are grown in tubes of
jelly formed from meat, peptone,
agar, etc.
Some of the bacteria are very ex
acting boarders, and require carefully
prepared food; some made from eggs,
some from blood, some from milk and
some from special salts. Some can
not live without air, while others de
mand an atmosphere from which oxy
gen has been removed. It takes an
expert scientist to be caterer to a mi
crobe. Cultures are sent from the museum
to every university and every health
department of any importance in the
United States and Canada, and re
cently a demand has arisen for American-bred
bacteria in Burope. All
things considered, it is probable that
this bacteriological garden renders
more useful service to mankind than
all the botanical gardens combined,
Yet a great forest of bacteria, con
taining perhaps more individuals than
there are trees in the whole United
States, makes only a speck against a
window pane.
Playing the Game
By BEATRICE FAIRFAX.
'That isn't cricket," says the
Englishman. "It isn't done," says
our own society leader. "Das thut
mam nicht," says the German. Every
nation, every walk of life has its own
idiomatic expression for the fact that
there are things it isn't fair to do.
To most of us there comes at some
stage of the game of life a chance
to get ahead Out get aneao not quite
honorably.
The principle involved may be so
slight a deviation from the right and
honorable thing no one else will ever
be able to accuse us of dishonesty.
But we shall know. Down in our
hearts we will have the unpleasant
consciousness that we didn't play the
game honorably and "on the level."
To the fine-fibered man or woman,
victory without honor means defeat.
It's all very well for a cynical world
to point to successful men who
achieve fame and fortune without
paying too much attention to the ethi
cal value of things. '
None of us knows exactly how un
happy a man is when he has to face
his own inner conviction of dishon
esty. But even without going as far
as dishonesty there is another thing
to face the consciousness of not be
ing a "good sport"
There are all sorts of situations in
the summer in which people find
themselves tempted to play the game,
merely to win. A desire for victory
is not "sporting." Neither victory
nor defeat must mean too much to
the .real sportsman. The point is
playing the game.
There lies the instinct of a real
sportsman. He plays the game. He
doesn't resort to artifices, to little
tricks, to schemes to achieve the
victory at any cost. He plays with
respect for his own manhood and
courteous deference for his oppo
nent. The rules of any sport are based
on courtesy and consideration for
one's opponent. You don't win a
swimming race by dealing your op
ponent a kick under water and so
putting him out of the running. You
don't win any race that way. Neither
sports nor life are played out on a
basis of trickery or dishonor by any
one who is decent and fine.
Besides all that, a cheater misses
most of the fun the joy of honest
striving the glow of victory gained
fairly and squarely.
The game must be played accord
ing to rule but still more superbly
than that by anyone who wants real
S leisure from playing it. It is almost
etter to give your opponent a vic
tory than to snatch it from him by
a contemptible little underhand trick.
Play your games fairly and square
ly this summer. See how much more
fun you get out of them that way.
And then try playing your whole
game of life that way. I
iT'Sst '-tw-i
Baked Beef with Vegetables
By CONSTANCE CLARKJL .;
Pieces of underdone roast or boiled
meat may be baked in casserole and
flavored in various ways with vegeta
bles; this makes an inexpensive and
tasty dish.
-Clean and' scrape three carrots, two
small parsnips, two turnips, two pota
toes and two onions and one stick of
celery. Cut them into slices and put
them into a saucepan of cold salted
water, bring to a boil quickly and
then strain off on a sieve. Take
about a pound and a half of cold roast
beef cut into slices, allowing a small
amount of fat to each slice, place a
layer of this in the bottom of the cas
serole, with a. portion of the vegeta
bles; mince a small bunch of savory
herbs, strew them over the meat
vegetables, and '. seasoning; and pro
ceed in this manner until the in
gredients are used. .,.
(Tomorrow Weak-Fish' Larded
and Ready for Baking). . .
Final Outlook
for Paralysis
Victims
By WOODS HUTCHINSON, M. D.
Widely as they are separated in
time of life, there is a curious resem
blance in some respects between in
fantile paralysis and the common
paralysis, or "stroke," of second child
hood. Both are due to blocking or rup
ture of the blood vessels supplying
a limited area, or center, in the ner
vous system. Both come on suddenly
"old" paralysis within a few min
utes or hours, "young" paralysis with
in two or three hours, ten or twelve
at the outside. Both recover very
slowly, and for the same reason that
large chdnks of the nerve centers
have been starved to death by the
cutting on of their food su
through the blood vessels, and it
a long and toilsome process to either
reerow them from such rootlets and
fragments as are left or else educate,
other centers to take their place. In
both it is very difficult to prophesy
the result in any particular case, for
it is extremely uncertain both ways .
from the center, so to speak.
Quite mild cases will sometimes
make little or no improvement, while
badly disabled ones will often make
a really surprising recovery.
On the whole, however, consider-.
ing the sudden and striking nature of
the paralysis and the seriousness of
the damage done to the spinal cord,
infantile paralysis falls far short of
living up to the terror which its at
tack inspires. Actually, it is not half
as dangerous a, disease as measles
or whooping cough, but the dramatic
character and strangeness of the
cripplings which it produces and the
long years afterward which its little
victims live to exhibit them make
a powerful impression upon our ima
gination. Statements of percentages of risk
are rather cold consolation in one
way, for even though they be ten to
one in favor of recovery or escape,
you can never be sure whether your
child or your family may not fall in
the unlucky tenth. Still, when the
risks fall below one in the thousand,
we feel justified in contemplating
them with a certain degree of equan
imity, but when they drop below one
in ten thousand, auch as hydrophobia,
or being struck by lightning, or be
in bitten by a shark, we pretty nearly
dimiss them from our minds, except
upon rare occasions of temporary
panic. . ,
So far as the whole community is
concerned, infantile paralysis, in spite
of the piteous suffering which it in
flicts, and our well-nigh utter, help
lessness to control it actually falls
below the one in a thousand risk;
(nr. na Dr. Emerson has pointed out
out of New York's 1,600,000 children,
only 3,000 have so far developed
the disease, or only one m ouu, uo
less than 400, or about one in 5,000
have died of it within a month, while
measles causes nearly four times as
many deaths in New York every win
ter without attracting any attention
at all.
Of course, the epidemic ia not over
yet, but as the most expensive one
anywhere on record, our own of 1907
reached only i,sw cases, wnn less
than 200 deaths, and outside of that
fifty to 100 cases have always been
regarded as a large epidemic, it would
be against all probabilities if this
present outbreak should pass the
5,000 mark,; which would mean only
one death in every 2,000 children.
But what of the more numerous
and, in the long run, almost serious
results of the disease other than the
immediate fatality? So far as a de
finite statement of probability can be
made about a disease so uncertain
and uncalculable in its results, this
would be the rough probable out
come: About one-fourth of all cases which
recover will be practically cured;
about one-half will have permanent
aming in one or more limbs or
joints, but intelligent re-education of
the muscles, and training for special
xcupationa, be practically able
bodied and 80 to 90 per cent effi
cient, while one-fourth will probably
be more or less seriously crippled
for life.
Broadly considered, from 70 to
85 per cent of the little victims will
be able to support themselves and
carry on their life duties without ser
ious practical hindrance. The reason
for this rather high recovery rate of
practical efficiency and able-bodied-ness
is that the paralysis, though ex
tremely irregular, is nearly always
one-sided, in the sense of seldom in
volving both legs or both arms. Or
if it does, one limb of the pair is
very much less seriously affected than
the other. So that while one leg, for
instance, may be quite seriously dam
aged, the other will be almost en
tirely sound, and by putting a brace
on the weakened limb, or even, in
extreme cases, fixing and stiffening
the knee joint by a surgical operation,
so as to make a sort of natural
wooden leg, the patient may be
able to walk quite fairly well, or even
briskly, with the aid of a cane.
Advice to Lovelorn
By Beatrice Fairfax
I Do Not ApproYO. ,
Daar Hlaa Fairfax ; X am II and
about to aocapt a poatttea to trvl in tha
amall towna of thla atata. Ia It rtroneir fur
a tTlrl to travet alona on bualnanT I kava
mat a number of man In buanloaa and know
now 10 (mo tha world. I think X could
moko a auecaaa, but my parent nealtate
to allow mo to travel alona and await your
anawar. B. X.
If Ton ware my rounfor alitor and aeoea-
atty ware not drtvlnf yon to accept thla
poaltloa, X ahould aa every lnfluanoa la my
power to keep you from enterlnf on em
ployment of thla aort However atrons your
principles and atable your oharaeter, yen
ought to bo under tha tnfluanca of botave at
L
thla formative period of your Ufa. What
you look upon aa tha dellihto of travel will
really turn out to be hardahlpo; you will
be thrown with all aorta of people about
whom you will heve to form quick judf-
mente, and tha aeaortaUona you inaka win
be dictated by naooaanty rather thaa ubelee.
The, hardships of the work, tao a ha an pi of
home environment, the poealble dajsCWrue
eaeoctatlona. all offer arguments aajaiajat tha
'pool Lion even atronger than tha UBnetjiiaali
fact that you will probably be
on Tory critically if yen 4a
tho work.
UftdartasTO